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974.2 
G7659 
1900 
JAN-JUN 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav28conc 



THE 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



A New Hampshire Magazine 



DEVOTEE TO 



HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY, LITERATURE 
AND STATE PROGRESS 



? 9? 



VOLUME XXV III 



CONCORD, K. H. 

PUBLISHED BY THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

I 9OO J 



V 698999 



Published, 1900 

By the Granite Monthly Company 

Concord, N. H. 



Printed, li-ustraied, and Electrotype by 
Rum/ord Printing Company (Rhih/o^J Press' 
Con.-er.i, A r ru- Hampshire, U, Z. .!. 



The Granite Monthly. 



CONTENTS OE VOLUME XXVIII. 



>muary — jrime, IQOQ. 



Abbott, Emma F., Our Heroes (poem) 

Allen, Frederick J., Life (poem) ..... 

White Horse Cliff. North Conway, X. H. (poem) 

Derelict and Fortune-Favored (poem) 
A Midsummer's Day Dream. A Prehistoric Idyl. Caroline c 
Among the Christian Science Churches, Henrietta H. William 
A Prosperous Industry and its Manager, II . H. Metcal 
A QpATRAls.fpffem), Clara B. -Heath .... 
A Sugar Season at the Farm, Esther E. Ellis 
A Woman's Prayer (poem), Ethel F. Comerford . 

Baker, Elizabeth Fenner. Fast Day, April 19, 1900 (poem) 
Barney, Ernest Albert, Mascoma Valley Sketches. Amatel 
and Notes ........ 

Beede, Eva J., When the Stars Fell .... 

Brennan, James F., Peterborough Town Library; Thl Pion 

BRARY . . . 

Brown, Clara Frances, Concord's Children . 
Brush, Frederic, Song of the Merrimack (poem) 

Carr, Laura Garland. Out of the Way (poem) 
Charlestown — "Xumhep. Four,'" Thomas D. Howard 
Chase, Arthur B., The Congregational Church in Newport 
Chase, Bishop Carlton, Rt. Rev. W. W. Niles, D. D. 
Chesley, Charles Henry, Trailing Arbutus (poem) 

Clark, Luella. Thy Work (poem) 

Clarke, James Freeman. James De Normandie, D. D. 



Lamprey Shea 



1 Pt 



EER 



OLOGRAPH 



Public Li 



PADS 

6O 

53 
279 
146 
264 

3°9 
340 

155 
16 

246 

134 
IS 

281 
138 

13S 

255 
93 
2 95 
35- 
2 So 
1 1 5 
167 



IV 



CONTENTS. 



Colby, Fred Myron, Tin"; Waiting OF the Moor (poem) 
Comerford, Ethel F., A Woman's Prayer (poem) 
Concord Landmarks, Some, Mrs. Joseph B. Walker , 
Concord's CHI! i.iKKN, Clara Frances Brown 
Court, Ormsby A., The DERELICT ($Q£m) . 

Life (poem) ....... 

Crossing (poem), Elisabeth B. Hunt .... 

CRUMBS (poem)\ Moses Gage Shirley .... 

Currier, Hon. Frank D., H. H. Metcalf . 

Currier. Mary M., I RENE (poem) ..... 

Poet Songs (poem) 

Dana, Francis, The Dawn of Promise (poem) 

Daniell, Mary Eastman, First Unitarian Church of Franklin 

De Xormandie, James, D. D., James Freeman Clarke 

Derelict and Fortune-Favored f/>f?<?///j, Frederick J. Alien 

Dover by the Cocheco. — Strafford's First City, Mary Olive Godfrey 

Easter (poem), George William Gray . . . 

Easter Morn (poem), Mary Baker G. Eddy 

Eddy, Mary Baker G., Easter Morn (poem) . . 

Effinoham. "The Old Squire Lord House," John Livingston Wright 

Ellis, Esther E., A Sugar Season at the Farm .... 

Emerson, Mertie Alice, B. A., The. Women's Clubs of .Manchester . 

Evening (poem), Llervey Lucius Woodward ...... 

Fast Day. April 19, 1900 (poem), Elizabeth Fenner Baker . . 

First Unitarian Church of Franklin, Mary Eastman Daniel's . 
Flamm.e Amoris fpeomj, C C. Lord . . . 

Godfrey, Mary Olive, Strafford's First City — Dover by the Cocheco 

Grant, Fanny. Songs Especially Pleasing 

Gray, George William, EASIER (poem) .... 

Harris. Wibiam S., The Death of Washington 
Heath, Clara B., A Quatrain (poem) .... 
Heavenward {poem),- Cyrus A. Stone .... 
Howard, Thomas D., Chaklestown — "NUMBER Four" 
Hoyt. Sr-muci. The Anthem ipoem) .... 
Hunt, Elisabeth B. ,. GROSSING (poem) .... 
Hunt, Mrs. X. P., The Nineteenth Century Woman 
Hurd, Willis Edwin, The Dream Engine . 
Hurlin, William, The Academical and Theological Institution, New Hamp 
ton, X. H 

Irene, (poem), Mary M. Currier . 

Johnson, Clarence, Some Queer People I have seen in Washington 

Ltfk (ptoetii) % Frederick J. Allen 

Lire (poem), Ormsby A. Court ........ 

Lippincott, Martha Shepard, Sweet Home (poem) .... 



CONTENTS. 



Lord. C. C, Flamm.e A nor is (poem) 
Little Bikd (poem) 
The Poet's -Mission (poem) 
Spring (poem) 

••Love in Sequel Works with Fate 



Mascoma Valley Sketches. Amateur 1 

bert Barney .... 
Metcalf, II. II., A Prosperous Industry a 

Hon. Frank D. Currier 
Misjudged (poem), Moses Gage Shirley 
My Snow Maiden (pom), A. P. S. 
My Valentine, (poem), C. Jennie Swaine 



New Hampshire Necrology 
Balcom, Hon. George L. 
Baldwin, Charles W. 
Barnard, Joseph 
Bartlett, Gen. Charles H 
Bayley, Timothy Eastman- 
Bennett, Joseph E. 
Bidwell, Dorothy Loyekin 
Brooks, Charles H. . 
Brown, Rev. Joseph H. 
Calhoun, Issac . 
Carree, Samuel P., M. D. 
Clark, Hon. Lewis W. 
Cole, Myron W. 
Comstock, Hon. Charles C 
Coles, Dr. Elliott . 
Cutcheon, Hon. Sullivan M. 
Dame, Miss Harriet P. 
Dane, Col. John B. . 
Dorr, Charles M. 
Durgin, Luther P. 
Eaton, George R. 
E^ery, Alfred E., M. D. 
Flanders, Dea. John B. 
Fogg, Hon. E. Knowlton 
Foss, James M. . 
Foster, Joshua L. 
Foster, Col. Roger E. 
French, George B. 
French, John C. 
Gale, Willlam B. 
Goodrich, Rev. Masenna 
Graves. Frank YV\, M. D. 
Hale, Otis G. ... 
Hall, Herbert E., M. D. 
Hall, Col. John B. . 



nd n 



ma W. Youn; 



HOTOGRAPHS AND NOTES, Ernest Al- 



Manager 



43 



242 
49 



f34 

3°9 



60, 116, 179, 256, 315 



368 
37° 
f'3 
62 
116 
1S8 
186 
260 
123 
260 
260 
184 
368 
124 
1S1 
60 
317 
315 
121 
119 
1S5 
187 

3 6 9 
64 
372 
257 
118 
259 

37i 

117 

61 

31S 

= 5* 
258 

260 
121 



CONTENTS, 



New Hampshire Necrology [Continued ) : 
Head, William F. 
Hildreth, James C. . 
Hill, Edwin P. . 

Hill, Hon. John M. . 
Hobbs, John S. . 
Hopkins, Ch vrles B. . 
Houston, Rev. Hi:. am 

HURD, WlLLAKD O.. M. D. 

Jaclard. Augustus P. 

Kimball, Edward P. . 

Kingsbury, Rev. Josiah \V. 

McDuffee, John E. . 

McLane, Neil 

Merrill, Rev. John W., D. D. 

Merrill, Maj. Darius 

Murray, George W. . 

Parsons, Rev. E. G. . 

Read, Col. Benjamin 

Reynolds. Hon. Leonard P. 
~ Richardson, Abel P.. M. D. 

Rollins, Hon. Amos L. 

Rublee, Dea. Henry F. 

Sands, Hon. Thomas . 

Scott, John- 
Smart. James H., LL. D. . 

Spinney, Elder Joseph 

Spring, John L. . 

Springfield, Hon. Isaac VV. 

Stackpole, Paul A.. M. D. 

Swett. John L., M. D. 

Taylor. Hon. Jonathan M. 

Twitch ell, Emma A. 

Way, Hon. George O. 

Whittle. James P., M. D. 

Worcester, Joseph H. 
New Hampton. The Awakening of 
New Orleans. Converse J. Smith 
Niks, Rt. Rev. W . \\\, D. D., Bishop Carlton Chase 
Notes on the New Sweet-Peas, Clarence Moores Weed 

Ocean Reveries (p&em), W. M. Rogers . 

O Little Bird (poem), C. C. Lord .... 

On the Golden Shore, Converse J. Smith 

O Spring, i Love Thee Best (poem), Hervey Lucius Wood 

Our Heroks (poem), Emma F. AECoti 

Out of the Way (po>:in), Laura Garland Cair 

Packer, Thomas, Some Notes ox, frving A. Watson 

Packer's Falls, Lucien Thompson 

Pattee, Richard, The Awakening of a Town 



'own, Richard Pattee 



ward 



CONTENTS. 



VI 1 



PhTKKK'. iROK.H TOWN LlP.RARY: TlIE PIONEER PUBLIC LIBRARY, James F 

Brennan ........ 

POET SONGS (poem^ Mary M. Currier ..... 



Richards, C.oj - Seth M. A Prosperous Industry and its 

Metcajf 

Rogers, W. M., Ocean Reveries (poem ) 
Rowell. Mary A., Women's Clubs in Franklin 

S., A. P.. Mv Snow Maiden (poem ) . . ' . 

Sax Francisco. Ox the Golden Shore. Converse J. Smith 
Shea, Caroline C. Lamprey, A Midsummer's Day Dream. A Pi 
Shirley, Moses Gage, Misjudged (poem) 

Crumbs (poem) ....... 

Smith, Converse J., Ox the Golden Shore 

New Or leaxs ....... 

Some Concord Landmarks, Mrs. Joseph B. Walker . 

Some Notes on Thomas Packer, Irving A. Watson . 

Some Queer People I have seex in Washington, Clarence Joh 

Song of the Merrimack {poem), Frederic Brash 

Songs Especially Pleasing, Fanny Grant . ; . 

Spring (poem), C. C. Lord ....... 

Stevens, Frances C, Useless Things . . . 
Stone, Cyrus A., Heavenward (poem) 
Swaine, C. Jennie, My Valentine (poem) 
Sweet Home (poem), Martha Shepard Lipp'ncou . 



The Academical and Theological Institution, New Hampt 

iam Hurlin . ... 

The Anthem (poem), Samuel Hoyt ..... 
The Awakening of a Town, Richard Pattee . . 

The Congregational Church in Newport, Arthur B. Chase 
The Dawn of Promise (poem). Francis Dana 
The Death of Washington, William S. Harris . 

The Derelict (poem). Ormsby A. Court .... 
The Destructive Tent Caterpillars, Clarence Moores Weed 
The Dream Engine, Willis Edwin Hurd 

The First Settlement of New Hampshire, Joseph B. Walker 
The Nineteenth Century Woman, Mrs. N. P. Hunt 
••The Old Squire Lord House," John Livingston Wright 
The Poet's Mission (poem). C. C. Lord .... 
The South Congregational Church of Concord. 1S35-1S9 
The Unitarian Movement in Littleton, Jane Hobart Tuttle 
The Waiting of the Moor (poem), Fred Myron Colby 
The Women's Clubs of Manchester, Mertie Alice Emerson, B 
Thompson, Lucien, Packer's Falls . . ....;'-. 

Thy Work (poem), Luella Clark 

Trailing Arbutus (poem), Charles Henry Chesley 

I'uttle, Jane Hobart, The Unitarian Movement in Littleton 



Useless Things, Frances C. S 



tevens 



historic 



■ son 



er, H. H 



ON, N T . H. 



DYI 



Wii 



2Sr 
35i 



Vlll 



CONTENTS. 



Walker, Joseph B., The First Settlement of New Hampshire 
Walker, Mrs. Joseph B., Some Concord Landmarks . 
Washington, The Death of, William S. Harris 
WMso'n, Irving A.. Some Notes on Thomas Packer 
Weed. Clarence Moores, Notes ox the New Sweet-Pea 

The Destructive Text Caterpillars 
When the Stars Fell, Eva J. Beetle . . • 
White Horse Cliff, North Conway, N. H. (poem), Frederick T. Allen 
W T iliiam.% Henrietta H., Among the Christian Science Churches 
Women's Clues ix Franklin, .Mary A. Rowel] ..... 
Woodward Hervey Lucius. O SpRing, I Love Thee Best {poem) 

Evexixg (poem) . . . . . . . . . ■ 

Wright, John Livingston. '-The Old Squire Loud House " 



246 

s 5 
1 10 
242 
34i 

»5 

85 
264 
336 
2S0 
346 

9-S 



Youn<r, Anna W 



Love ix Sequel Works with Fate " 



>olun?e XXV>iiI 



JANUARY 



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SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH CONCORD. 



.'TH\ 



Tim Gramtb Aortiim. 



Vol. XX1X7 



JANUARY, 1900. 



No. 1 



THE SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH OF CONCORD. 

1S35-1S99. - 

Compiled from Records of I lie Church. 



111 

MM 



jpp^pijOT more than sixty-four years 
have passed since it was pro- 
posed to establish the South 
Congregational church in 
Concord, but Congregational worship 
has been that best known here since 
1730, when the First church was or- 
ganized, and the minister of that 
church war. entitled the Minister of 
the Town. The Old. North church, 
which stood where is now the Walker 
school, was the parent of each of our 
other Congregational churches. As 
its location ceased to be convenient 
to portions of the growing town, and 
for no other rersou, three new churches 
were one after another formed. 

The need for the South church be- 
came apparent in 1S35, when Con- 
cord, in years after its settlement, 
had about 4,500 inhabitants. In 
that year the South Congregational 
Society was organized, its original 
members being George Kent, Thomas 
Chadbourne, Nathaniel G. Upham, 
Franklin Evans, Leonard Kimball, 
Eaton Richards, James Weeks. James 
Sullivan, George N. Damon, Walter 



Harris, Asa McFarlaud, Samuel S. 
Dow, George Hutchins, Asaph 
Evans, Philip Watson, Ira FI. Cur- 
rier, Joseph Grover, Samuel Evans, 
Hamilton Hutchins, James R.ines, 
Samuel Evans, Jr., Caleb Parker, 
Samuel Fletcher, Joseph Low, John 
B. Chandler, W. W. Estabrook, Ar- 
thur Fletcher, Josiah Stevens, Charles 
P. Blanchard, William D. Buck. 

A suitable site, at the southwest 
corner of Main and Pleasant streets, 
was obtained for $ 1,200, and in the 
summer of 1S36 a church edifice was 
built thereon, at a further cost of 
about i?3,8oo. This edifice was 77 
by 64 feet in area. Within its granite 
basement, level with the street, were 
the chapel, 64 by 36 feet in area, and 
two stores, — from the rental of the 
latter it was expected some income 
would come to the society. Two 
parlors and the main audience room 
were above these, entered by a stair- 
way from Main street. On the floor 
of the audience-room were 108 pews, 
beside a few in the gallery. There 
were three aisles and six rows of 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



pews. The means to build this 
church were the resources or the 
credit of certain members of the so- 
ciety, who appear to have obtained 
by loan from the town treasury a por- 
tion of a fund which came to the 
town by a division of certain surplus 
revenues of the United States. Philip 
Watson, a parishioner, was the build- 
er. This church was dedicated in 



tion. The walls and ceiling were 
white, and the plain glass windows 
were hung with Venetian blinds. 
The north and south walls joined the 
ceiling by suitable curves. Each 
white pine pew was carpeted and 
cushioned, and perhaps its interior 
painted, to please the separate fancy 
of its owner. There was a door to 
close each pew. After a time, a 





The 0!d Soutn Church. 



the forenoon of February i, 1S37. 

That year of 1837 is remembered 
as one of financial disaster. The 
secular affairs of the parish did not 
prosper immediately, and after a lit- 
tle time a singular situation resulted 
— the chapel and two stores went in- 
to private ownership, and the society 
paid rent for its chapel until 1S54, 
when it was redeemed for ^500. 

The interior of this church was, at 
the outset, a place without decora- 



broad, crimson curtain, upheld by a 
rod with enlarged, carved ends, was 
hung behind the pulpit, to relieve 
the plainness of the background. 
Little people thought the temple at 
Jerusalem might have nothing finer 
in its way than that. Still later the 
walls and ceiling were frescoed, in 
the manner of that time, with col- 
umns and panels, and behind the 
pulpit was drawn a chancel in per- 
spective. 



SOC'/Jf CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



The congregation took no audible 
part in the worship, but arose and 
faced the choir when hymns were 
sung. The hymn-book was a collec- 
tion entitled "Church Psalmody." 
Its selections included 421 of the 
compositions of Dr. Isaac Watts. 
There were, probably, thirty voices 
in the choir. The organist and di- 
rector was Dr. William D. Buck. 
There were at different times three 
organs placed in the gallery of the 
old church ; one, a small affair, built 
at Plymouth, X. H., was lent by the 
builder in hope of a sale ; another, 
which cost S700, had been in use in 
Troy, X. Y., and the third, which 
was satisfactory, was built by Sim- 
mons of Boston. Likewise there 
were two bells in the tower ; the first 
was broken in ringing out welcome 
to the news of a townsman's nomina- 
tion to the presidency of the United 
States. 

The living church was organized 
on the day of tlie dedication with 
sixty-seven members, all of them 
from the First church. In the fol- 
lowing March, Rev. Daniel James 
Xoyes, a graduate of Dartmouth and 
Andover, was called, and he was or- 
dained and installed as pastor, May 
3, 1837, at the age of twenty- five 
years. 

The first pastor may be rightly 
characterized as an eminently saintly 
man. His presence and manner 
might say to the most casual observ- 
er that here was the conscientious 
pastor of a church. His figure was 
slight, his carriage and deportment 
dignified, and his face, so it seems to 
the writer's fancy, bore resemblance 
to busts of the illustrious Italian poet 
Dante. He was a careful student 
and an interesting preacher. An 



active laborer in the vineyard, he 
had at one time a large class of chil- 
dren, which met on Saturday after- 
noons for instruction in the "West- 
minster Assembly's Shorter Cate- 
chism." There was a thriving Sun- 
day-school with devoted teachers, 
the class books being more simple 
than those now extant. There was 
no rivalry then from week-day clubs 
of many sorts, or Young Men's Chris- 









Rev. Da.iiei J. Noyes. 

tian Association, Young People's So- 
ciety of Christian Endeavor, or Ju- 
nior Young People's Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor. The pastorate of Mr. 
Xoyes covered twelve and one half 
years, and at its close the church ap- 
pears to have numbered 231 mem- 
bers ; the admissions were 259 ; 
losses, 95. In October, 1S49, he was 
dismissed, to become professor of 
theology in Dartmouth college. He 
died at Chester, X. H., on December 
22, 18S5. 

During one period of his pastorate, 









.... 






SOUTJ I CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



Mr. Noyes was assisted by Rev. 
Ezra E. Adams, a native of Concord, 
preacher at the seamen's church in 
Havre, France, and during his own 
absence in Europe, in 1846, the pul- 
pit was occupied by Rev. Daniel 












| 



Rev. Henry E. Parker. 

Temple, a returned missionary, who 
had served at Malta and other East- 
ern stations. 

Among active parishioners of the 
early time, not hereinbefore men- 
tioned, were David Kimball (editor 
of the Neiv Hampskii e Observer), Asa 
Morrill (afterward captain of Boston 
police), David E. Morril (an ex-gov- 
ernor % of New Hampshire), Eevi P. 
Morton (afterward vice-president of 
the United States), Franklin Pierce 
(afterward president of the United 
States), Ira Perley (afterward chief 
justice of Xew Hampshire), Rev. 
Benjamin F. Stone and Rev. Henry 
Wood (editors of the Congregational 
Journal). 

The second pastorate was that of 



Rev. Henry E. Parker, a graduate of 
Dartmouth and Union Theological 
seminary, who came to the church, 
at the age of thirty years, in April, 
1S50, from temporary service at East- 
port. Me., and was installed May 14, 
185 1. 

This pastorate was <, attended by 
most salutary results. There were 
281 admissions to the church, aud a 
net gain of 120 members. In 1857 
(another year of general financial dis- 
turbance), the church edifice was re- 
paired and improved, but in 1S59 it 
was destroyed by a fire which origi- 
nated on neighboring premises. Af- 
ter futile efforts at rescue, when it be- 
came evident that destruction was in- 
evitable, the pastor gave a final pull 
to the bell, which had been sounding 
loud tidings of disaster. There was 
no insurance, and all that remains of 
the old building, which was endeared 
to many, is a framed large photo- 
graph of its exterior, a pulpit sofa, 
and the communion table, which are 
preserved in the existing church. 

A temporary place for public wor- 
ship was found in Phenix hall, but 
the historic site of the present church 
was, before long, chosen on which to 
build in a larger, better way. Here 
had been the residence of Hon. Will- 
iam A. Kent, where the Marquis de 
Eafayette was lodged in 1825, Ralph 
Waldo Emerson was married in 1S29. 
and Daniel Webster was, at various 
times, an honored visitor. Mr. Charles 
Edward Parker, a brother of the pas- 
tor, was the designer of the new 
church, and Lyman R. Fellows, Dut- 
ton Woods, William G. Mason, and 
Daniel H. Fletcher, all of them 
parishioners, were concerned in its 
construction. The building commit- 
tee were Nathaniel G. Upham, 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



George Hutchins, Arthur Fletcher, 
John Kimball. George Clough, Dut- 
ton Woods, Caleb Parker, E. G. 
Moore, asd Joseph L. Jackson. 

The corner-stone was laid on May 
3, i860, and on the 27th of the fol- 
lowing November the completed 
building was dedicated. Its lofty in- 
terior and exposed beam work were 
architectural features new to Pilgrim 
churches in this vicinity, and excited 
the surprise of some of the visiting 
clergy. So did the cross on the tall 
tower, until reflection proved that no 
other Christians had better claim to 
use of that sacred emblem. It is 
there in the spirit of Sir John Bow- 
ring's hymn, — 

" In the cross of Christ I glory, 
Toweling o'er the wrecks of time." 



tleman. Ue had leave of absence 
twice, once to serve as chaplain of 
the New Hampshire Volunteers from 
June, 186 r, to August, 1S62, and 
again to go abroad for six months 
from September, 1S65. While in 
London he resigned the pastorate, 
and a council held in March, 1S66, 
granted a dismissal. He went hence 
to Dartmouth college, where he was 
until recent years professor of Latin, 
and died in Boston, November 7, 
1S96. 

The church had no installed pas- 
tor from March, 1S66, to January, 
1S69. It was voted September 24, 
1S66. to call Rev. William F. V. 
Bartlett, of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; he ac- 
cepted conditionally, but his health 



The interior of this church had 
originally three aisles, and six rows 
of pews on the main floor, number- 
ing in all 142. Beside these, there 
were nine in the north gallery. One 
hundred pews were appraised for sale 
at prices which would produce $19,- 
570 and title to the remainder was 
retained. The interest in land on 
which the old church stood was sold 
for $1,100, and a considerable sum 
was derived from premiums for choice 
of the new pews. The bell was ob- 
tained by public subscription. 

This church, together with the 
chapel which, in 1S96, became only 
a memory, cost $24,545, but it was 
evident very soon that the expecta- 
tion of growth in the list of parish- 
ioners would be realized. 

The second pastor of the church 
endeared himself not only to his own, 
but to all the townspeople, being 
everywhere and always a public- 
spirited, large-hearted Christian gen- 



v 






w- 



failed, as he had apprehended, and 
he withdrew in May, 1867. He is, 
and has been more than twenty 
years, pastor of the First Presbyte- 
rian church of Lexington, Ky. 

There was then a period of nearly 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



\ 



■ 
■ 



■ 



'■■ 



I 



/ 



Rev. Charles E. Harrmeton. 

two years for which there is not 
much but material progress to relate. 
In January, 1867, a debt of $2,890.50, 
part of which appears to have been 
left over from construction of the 
church, was cancelled. That same 
year side galleries were built, and 
the north gallery enlarged, whereby 
space for thirty-four pews was gained. 
Funds for this enlargement ($3,104.56) 
were provided by twenty- five associ- 
ates, known as the Gallery associa- 
tion, who were gradual^ reimbursed 
by appropriation to that purpose of a 
portion of the gallery pew rentals. In 
1868 the organ was obtained. It cost 
$4,000, and $424.02 was expended 
in making a place for it, because 
the original design located the organ 
where is now the choir-room. Toward 
this expenditure 156 contributors 
gave $3,522.80, and the Social Circle 
$631.19. From other sources $320.03 
was derived, and $950 was borrowed 
temporarily. 

In December, 1868, a call was ex- 



ended to Rev. Silas L. Blake, of 
Pepperell, Mass., a graduate of Mid- 
dlebury and Andover. His service 
commenced the first Sunday of Janu- 
ary, 1S69, and his installation was on 
the 27th of the same month. 

The nearly nine years' pastorate 
which followed was eminently satis- 
factory. Two hundred and forty- 
seven persons came into the church, 
of whom one hundred and fifty-seven 
were on confession of faith. At the 
height of the pastor's usefulness, he 
received a call from the Woodland 
Avenue Presbyterian church of Cleve- 
land, Ohio ; so he resigned and was 
dismissed by council, October 14, 
1877. He is now pastor of the First 
Congregational church of New Lon- 
don, Conn. 

If we may consider the year 1869 
as a fair example for that decade, it 
will be interesting to note here that 
the current income of the society 
that year was $3,687.84 ; expenses, 
$3,638.24; benevolences, $1,575.06. 



v 



- 







Rev William H. Hubbard. 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



• •■ ■ 



■ 



m -. 

; 

I 



' 



LL, i,';;., ■ • i. 



r#j? 



.--iit^Si^ik'j 



. 



Interior South Congregational Church, as Decorated for Meeting of American Missionary Association. October.. 1898. 



These figures are exclusive of cer- 
tain receipts and payments toward 
an organ debt hereinbefore men- 
tioned. 

The fourth pastorate was that of 
Rev. Charles E. Harrington, called 
from Lancaster, X. H., and installed 
by council, April 18, 1878. This 
was a period of earnest endeavor and 
devotion, terminated by a call to the 
pastor from a church in Dubuque, la. 
He was dismissed by council, August 
31, 1882, and is now pastor of the 
Congregational church at Waltham, 
Mass. During this pastorate the 
South Church Relief Society was 
organized. 

The fifth pastorate was that of 
Rev. William H. Hubbard, called 
from Merrimac, Mass., and installed 
June 4, 18S3. One of the notable 
events of that year was that the 
National Triennial Council of Con- 
gregational Churches for the United 



States assembled in the South church 
the second week of October, bringing 
hither distinguished delegates from 
many distant churches. Mr. Hub- 
bard was zealous as pastor and citi- 
zen, and a man of high purpose. He 
resigned the pastorate, was dismissed 
by council, September 22, 18S5, and 
is now pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church, Auburn, N. Y. 

At various periods when the church 
has had no pastor, Rev. Alfred Gold- 
smith, Rev. Samuel G. Brown, Rev. 
Samuel C. Bartlett, Rev. Cyrus W. 
Wallace, Rev. William J. Tucker, 
and Rev. S. R. Dennen have occu- 
pied the pulpit, besides Rev. Daniel 
Temple and Rev. William F. V. 
Bartlett, hereinbefore mentioned. 

In 1886 material improvements 
again became desirable. The pews 
were then rearranged with four aisles, 
and refurnished, and the choir gallery 
and pulpit space enlar 



ged. These 



io 



SOU TH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



changes involved the loss of sixteen 
pews. There was also general reno- 
vation, the sum expended being near 
$3,500. Through the generosity of 
many individuals the society obtained 
title to nearly all pews which had 
hitherto been in private ownership, 
and a plan for defraying ordinary 
expenses by pew rents was adopted. 
In 18S7 a half eeutur}- of the his- 



Upham, Charles L. Hutehins, Ben- 
jamin T. Hutehins, Roekwood Mc- 
Ouesten, Clarendon M. Sanders, and 
Arthur W. Jenks. 

The sixth pastorate is that of Rev. 
II. P. Dewey, a graduate of Will- 
iams and Andover, who came to the 
church at the age of twenty-five 
years. His ordination and installa- 
tion occurred on October 12, 18S7. 



P 




X 
S 



tona Cnurch Paricr 



tory of the church had gone. It had 
grown steadily and surely, without 
keeping close grip on its membership. 
It had sent many good people with a 
benediction into other churches. 

It may be that the names of all of 
its sons who have gone into the min- 
istry are not recalled when we men- 
tion Henry L. Low, William L. 
Gage, James E. Rankin (president of 
Howard university), Nathaniel L. 



Mr. Dewey is a native of Toulon, 
111., a son of Samuel Mills and Cor- 
nelia (Phelps) Dewey, his father be- 
ing a native of the town of Hanover, 
in this state. He pursued his pre- 
paratory studies at Wheaton college, 
in Illinois, graduated from Williams 
in 1884, and from Andover Theologi- 
cal seminary in 1887. June 4, 1889, 
he united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Fearing Thatcher, of New- 



' 



V 



m 

1 ■* h 



»•*: 



REV. H. P. DEWEY, D. D. 



K\ 






12 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



r 



.- 



375 to 464. It may be useful to men- 
tion the expenses and benevolences 
for ten years, premising- them by say- 
ing that the benevolences are prob- 
ably understated. They are never 






/ 




U &s:#***x+*&a 



Dea. Jorr, Kimba 



ton Centre, Mass. They have had 
four children, a son and three daugh- 
ters, the former, an exceedingly bright 
and promising child of eight years, 
having died the past year. Dart- 
mouth college conferred upon Mr. 
Dewey, in 1898, the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. 

Since his residence in Concord he 
has been an active factor in the so- 
cial and educational, as well as the 
moral and religious, life of the Capital 
city, and was for nine years, succes- 
sively, up to March, 1S99, a member 
of the Concord school board. He 
was also, for several years, chaplain 
of the Third Regiment, N. H. X. G. 

The history of the church in recent 
years need not be told to contempo- 
rary readers. There has been gain 
in various directions. The annual 
year-book, which began in 1S90, 
presents statistics from which it ap- 
pears that since that year the number 
of parishioners has grown from 800 
to 983 ; the church membership, from 



i 



Dea. Howard A. Dodge. 



all on record, and are more carefully 
noted some years thau others : 





Expenses. Be 


tievolences. 


ISS9 


$5,056.17 


$1,750.56 


1^90 


6,132.00 


3,146.18 


1891 


5,456.49 


i,S59-io 


1892 


5,707.16 


2,457-6i 


1893 


6,282.61 


2,790.22 


1894 


5,672.45 


2,635.34 


1895 


6,195.00 


3-369-65 


1896 


6,587.71 


2,727-33 


IS97 


7,090.69 


2,525-18 


I89S 


7,556.06 


2,558.89 


Cost of ch 


ipel, as related 




below- 


15,00000 




Total 


. • • $7<S,536.34 


^25,820.06 



The year 1896 was of more thau 
ordinary consequence to this church. 
Although one of three years of mone- 
tary trouble, it witnessed the removal 
of the chapel of i860, and the build- 
ing of another, which is adequate to 



SOUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 



the larger needs of the parish. The 
new chapel in the handiwoik of par- 
ishioners, the designer being George 
S. Forrest, and the builders L. R. 
Fellows & Son. The building com- 
mittee were B. A. Kimball, K. B. 
Hutchinson, L. H. Carroll, Laura A. 
McFarland, and Charlotte A. Spencer. 
To defray the cost of this building, 
with its seats and fixtures, $13,813,24, 
two hundred and fourteen persons 
contributed. Other gifts were re- 
ceived, such as plans for the build- 
ing, pulpit furniture, parlor chairs, 
desks, clocks, andirons, etc., to the 
value of about S675. The Ladies' 
Social Circle provided parlor and 
other outnttings to the amount of 
about $630. The choir-room was 



W-Wk 






ican Missionary Association was held 
in the South church, — a meeting 
which was made possible here by the 
enlarged buildings. 

If it is desirable to estimate the 
cost of the visible property with 
which the church now worships, it 
mav be set down as follows : 



Original outlay, 1S60 
Galleries, 1S67 
Organ, 1S6S 
Chapel, iSg6 

Total 



$24,545.00 
3.104,56 
4,000.00 
T5.000.00 

?46,649.56 



or somewhat more than twice the 
sum of its recorded benevolences for 
eight years. It is doubtful whether 
a like outlay has anywhere given 
better results. 

The deacons of the church have 
been Samuel Fletcher, John Niles, 
Amos Wood, David Kimball, Epps 
Burnham, Nathaniel Evans, Asa 
McFarland, Caleb Parker, Joseph 
French, George B. Chandler, Green- 
ough McOuesten, Levi Liscom, Ha- 



Dea. Joseph T. Sleeper. 



equipped by use of part of the pro- 
ceeds of a chapel concert. This car- 
ries the total outlay above Si 5, 000. 

In October, 1898, one of the most 
interesting and successful of the three- 
days annual meetings of the Amer- 



Dea. Marshal! W. Nuts. 



1HE DERELICT. 



zen Pickering, George G. Sanborn, 
William H. Allison, Charles W. 
Harvey, Charles Kimball, Albert S. 
Hammond, Frank Comu, Henry A. 
Mann, William A. Stone, William 
F. Thayer, Edward B. Wood worth, 
Philip Flander- , John Kimball, How- 
ard A. Dodge, Joseph T. Sleeper, 
and Marshall W. Nims, the last four 
being now in office. 

The Sunday-school was organized 
in 1838, and had an enrolled mem- 
bership on January 1, 1S99, of 3S0. 
Mr. Stedman Willard is the superin- 
tendent. 

The other organizations of the 
church are the Memorial Sunday- 
school, which meets in a chapel on 
the Loudon road, the Young Peo- 
ple's Society of Christian Endeavor, 
Junior Society of Christian Endeavor, 
Social Circle, Young Ladies' Mis- 
sionary Society, Kimball Circle of 
King's Daughters, Clara Howe Cir- 
cle of King's Daughters, South 
Church Relief Society, Auxiliary of 
the Female Cent Institution and 



Home Missionary Union, and Aux- 
iliary of the Woman's Board for For- 
eign Missions. 

The benevolences of the church 
for 1S99 are expected to nearly reach 
the sum of S3, 500, — a better record 
than that of any previous year. 

The thought has found utterance 
somewhere that the South church is 
undemonstrative, rather lacking in 
visible enthusiasm. It does not lack 
volume in its attendance on worship. 
It may not make public show of its 
emotions, but it takes kindly thought 
and care for its own, and reaches a 
helpful hand to hungry and sick near 
by or far away. It has a part in 
state missions and building Western 
churches. It helps sustain mission- 
aries preaching religion and honesty 
in Kansas, or carrying the gospel 
to heathendom. It takes reasonable 
care to bestow its gifts with fair intel- 
ligence and discrimination. As to 
its spirituality, who can measure that 
unassuming quality ? That is one of 
the things to be left to the hereafter. 






THE DERELICT. 

P>y 0>')iisby A. Court. 

A helmless hulk adrift upon the sea ; 

A worthless thing, a menace on the wave 
Disclaimed by all, it rolls a mockery, 

A soulless life awaiting but the grave. 



vr 



WHEN THE STARS FELL. 
By Eva J. Beede. 




T was in November, 1833, aud 
little Sally Preseott, the old 
squire's ten-year-old grand- 
daughter, had come to stay at 
the farm lor a while, to be company 
for him and daughter Polly. Of 
the twelve children born in the old 
house, some were married and some 
were dead, and only Polly was left to 
care for the old people, then grand- 
mother had been called home first, 
leaving grandfather very lonely. 

On the morning of November 13, 
Aunt Polly arose at four o'clock to 
do some spinning, and little Sally 
got up, too, for she was knitting a 
pair of fine woolen stockings for her- 
self, and she wanted to see how 
many times she could knit around in 
a day. 

First Aunt Polly raked open the 
ashes in the great fire-place, where 
she had buried the fire the night be- 
fore, then threw upon the andirons 
some sticks from the great pile of 
wood in the corner, and soon the 
bright flames were leaping up to the 
tramel and pot hooks hanging on 
the crane. Then, taking the hem- 
lock broom from the cellar way, she 
swept the hearth, and placing her 
little linen wheel in a warm corner, 
she wound her flax round the distaff, 
and sat down to spin. The dim fire- 
light was supplemented by a tallow 
candle burning in an iron candle 
stick that hung from the top slat of 
a kitchen chair placed near the linen 
wheel. 



Very soon Sally, in her checked 
woolen dress, paper colored stockings, 
and calf skin shoes, was ready to 
begin her day's work too. She was 
very much interested in the stars, 
and her aunt had taught her to trace 
many of them. She could find the 
"big dipper," and the "little dipper" 
with the north star in the end of its 
handle, Cassiopea, or the inverted 
chair, Orion with his spangled belt, 
Job's coffin, the Pleiades, and several 
others, so, before sitting down to her 
"stent" of knitting, she ran to the 
door to take a look at the stars. 

The strange sight that met lit- 
tle Sally's gaze caused her to run 
quickly back, exclaiming, "Oh, Aunt 
Polly, the stars are falling! " 

Aunt Polly hurried to the door, 
and sure enough the stars were com- 
ing down in showers ; they seemed 
to drop down from the sky, followed 
by long lines of light that went out 
before reaching the earth. 

Grandfather was called up to wit- 
ness the dazzling display, and the 
excited Sally, as she tremblingly 
clung to his hand, asked, "Do you 
suppose the world is burning up? " 

"No, child," was the answer. 
"It's nothing but meteors." 

Yet the little girl felt relieved 
when the rosy light of the dawn re- 
vealed the old world unchanged, and 
she anxiously awaited the evening; 
then was very happy to find that her 
old friends, the stars, were all in 
their accustomed places. 



IG> 



A WOMAN'S PRAYER. 
By Elhcl F. Comerford. 

O for a bit of my childhood's life ! 

For the lore of that golden time 
That kept me far from the foolish strife,. 

From the heights one never should climb. 

O for a glimpse of the beauty bright 
That was there wherever I went. 

And, O for my father's kiss at night 
And the bliss of a sweet content. 

O for the thoughts of my childhood's mind ! 

For a bit of that faith sublime 
That makes the eyes so blissfully blind 

At the bright merry Christmas time. 

O for a bit of the royal hope, 

Ever making the child's heart glow, 

To brighten paths where grown people grope 
With their feet so solemnly slow. 

O for a bit of the old-time grief 
That was soothed by a soft caress, 

In place of the woe that lacks relief 

And but grieves me the more I confess. 

O for the perfect trust that I felt 

W r hen the evening shadows lay 
All around the white-clad form that knelt 

Just a child's wee prayer to say. 

Give back, O pitiless years, give back 
All the wealth that a child-heart knows ; 

And take, O merciless years, take back 
All your gifts of the thorn and rose. 




w 



THE ACADEMICAL AND THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION, NEW 

HAMPTON, N. H. 



By ll 



Hurlin. 



HAVE been asked to write a 
paper on the Baptist Theologi- 



n 

1 1 

Sai The onlv 



cal schools in New Hampshire. 



ehool of tliis class 
that we have had was at New Hamp- 
ton, and this was so connected with 
the academical department, as a part 
of the institution, that, after much 
consideration of the subject, I have 
deemed it wise to give an account of 
the whole institution, taking care to 
note whatever I can find thai: has 
special reference to the theological 
department. My sources of informa- 
tion are a complete set of the ' ; Min- 
utes of the New Hampshire Baptist 
Convention," a historical address by 
E. B. Smith, D. D., president of the 
institution, delivered and published in 
1 85 1 ; a few of the catalogues of the 
institution; " Reminiscenses of New 
Hampton, N. H.," by Frank H. 
Kelly, M. D., which, with some of 
the catalogues was kindly loaned me 
by the Hon. A. K. Chase, state li- 
brarian ; other catalogues lent me by 
Rev. N. F. Carter, librarian of the 
New Hampshire Historical Societ} 7 ; 
one catalogue from Henry E. Lincoln, 
Esq., librarian of the American Bap- 
tist Historical Society, and answers 
to letters addressed to various friends. 
I find that the school was started 
by Messrs. Win. B. Kelly and Na- 
thaniel Navis, residents of New 
Hampton, September 17, 1S21. The 
first teacher was Mr. George Rich- 

xxviii— 2 



ardson, a graduate of Dartmouth col- 
lege, and the tuition fee was fixed at 
$3 per quarter, and board was from 
Si to S1.3S per week. It appears 
that the people of the town were poor 
farmers, and that, as a rule, they 
were not ■ at first much interested in 
the school. For three or four years 
the number of scholars was from fifty- 
to sixty, fully one third of whom 
came from Boston. In 1S25, Mr. 
Richardson closed his work as teach- 
er, and was succeeded by Rev. Beza- 
leel Smith, a Congregational minister 
from West Hartford. Vt. 

In 1825, the Baptists had no edu- 
cational institution in New Hamp- 
shire, and yet there was a feeling 
among them that something of the 
kind was desirable, and it was 
thought that a theological school was 
needed. Under these circumstances, 
Mr. John K. Simpson, a native of 
New Hampton, who had removed to 
Boston, and was connected with the 
Baptists there, proposed that the 
Baptists of New Hampshire should 
be asked to take the school under 
their patronage and support, with 
the provision that they should have 
the use of the academical building, 
the right to appoint one half of the 
trustees and overseers, besides the 
principal, who should be a Baptist, 
and. president of the board, and that 
the corporate name of the institution 
should be chanced to the "Academi- 



lS 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



cal and Theological Institution in 
New Hampton." 

This proposition was submitted to 
a New Hampshire Baptist conven- 
tion held at Meredith in June, 1S25, 
and was accepted by them, ami Revs. 
Wm. Taylor and Phineas Richard-? 
soti "were appointed to obtain sub- 
scriptions in the churches to defray 
the expenses of instruction, provided 
the tuition of the scholars did not do 
it, and if it did, to pay the expenses 
of indigent pious young; men pre- 
paring for the gospel ministry." 
These agents were well received, and 
several churches each pledged an 
amount equal to the tuition of one 
scholar for five years. Rev. B. P. 
Farnsworth, editor of the Cliristian 
XVaichman i published in Boston, be- 
came the first principal under 'the 
new arrangement. 

This change secured a large at- 
tendance of students, who came from 
every New England state, and also 
from Xew York, New Jersey, Penn- 
sylvania, and Canada. In 1826, a 
new academical building was erected, 
one half of the expense being paid by 
John K. Simpson, Escp, of Boston, 
and the other half by subscriptions in 
New Hampton : and in 1829, the 
erection of a large brick building of 
three stories for boarding and dormi- 
tories was commenced, and was fin- 
ished in 1833, at a cost of about 
$8,000. In 1S29, the people at the 
village, about one and a half miles 
from the Center, where the academy 
buildings were located, erected a 
building, and opened the female de- 
partment, and Miss Martha Hazel- 
tine was appointed principal. This 
department was placed under the 
superintendence of the principal and 
the trustees of the institution at the 



Center, it thus becoming an integral 
part of it. From the opening of the 
school there were candidates for the 
ministry among its students, and in 
1829 a course of theological study- 
was arranged, and a class of seven 
students was formed, all of whom be- 
came useful ministers, but for want 
of funds this department did not go 
into full operation until 1833. 

In the "Minutes of the New- 
Hampshire Baptist Convention," I 
do not find any report of the trustees 
of the institution until 1S2S. In that 
year, among other things, they stated 
" During the past year, owing to un- 
foreseen occurrences, the Board have 
necessarily been at some small extra 
expense, the number of scholars, as 
appears on the catalogue of 1S27, has 
been unusually large. Desirous of 
satisfying the public as regards in- 
struction, we have been obliged, a. 
part of the time, to employ three In- 
structors. And it is believed, that 
this supply of instruction has, in a 
great measure, secured, to the Institu- 
tion its present reputation. We are 
happy, however, to state, from the 
Report of the Treasurer of the Cor- 
poration, that its income the past year 
falls short of its expenditures but 
S65.53 — which sum a gentleman in 
Boston has pledged himself to pay." 

From the report of the trustees in 
1S29, I extract the following: ''The 
number of students in the Institution 
has been greater since the last meet- 
ing of the Convention than during 
either of the preceding years, and it 
is gratifying to state that this appears 
to be, in part, owing to an increasing 
desire in the Baptist community to 
enjoy the benefits of education. The 
patronage of the Institution has as- 
sembled students from one fourth of 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



IQ 



the states \\\ the Union, and it is 
known to you to be among the most 
favoured Institutions in the country. 

Our Charter has received 
another amendment, by which the 

Contention have the election of eight 
Trustees, to five elected by the Cor- 
poration, and putting it into the pow- 
er of the Convention to pass a nega- 
tive upon any proposed future amend- 
ment- The Institution is thus placed 
safely and permanently under our 
control. *' 

In 1S30, the trustees reported, 
" Instruction in Theology is still 
given, though not to that extent 
which is desirable, owing to the mul- 
tiplied labors of the Principal in the 
classical and literary departments." 
In the same year, the board of the 
' New Hampshire Baptist convention 
expressed their opinion that the in- 
stitution " would exert a much great- 
er influence upon the cause of reli- 
gion, if a Professor, exclusively de- 
voted to instruction in divinity, could 
be connected with it." 

In 1 S3 1, the trustees reported, male 
students, 90; female, 62; total, 152. 
They also said, " In regard to The- 
ology, we regret to say that, the want 
of another professor has rendered it 
impracticable to pay the attention to 
that department which its importance 
demands, but we fondly hope that 
the time will come when it will share 
the individed labors of an able pro- 
fessor." 

In the spring of 1S33, Rev. B. F. 
Farnsworth resigned, and Rev. E. B. 
Smith, A. XL, afterwards D. D., suc- 
ceeded him. In his address, which I 
have already referred to, Dr. Smith 
states, ''During the time of Profes- 
sor Farnsworth's connection with 
the school, its patronage was large. 



Though we have not the means of 
stating the number in attendance for 
the first three years, we know that in 
rSi'Q, there were 233 different stu- 

,26: 
tin 

ministry under his instruction, and, 
as nearly as we can ascertain. 35 
others fitted for college, or some the- 
ological school, and have since entered 
the ministry. Among them were the 
Rev. Luther Crawford, for years the 
honored and efficient Secretary of the 
American Baptist Home Mission So- 
ciety, and Rev. Rockwell Giddiugs, 
the President and second founder of 
the Georgetown College in Kentucky. 
Both of them experienced religion 
while members of the school." 

At the convention of 1S33, a com- 
mittee was appointed with reference 
to the school, and in their report they 
said, "Prof. Farnsworth having re- 
signed, the Rev. E. B. Smith has 
been appointed Principal and Profes- 
sor of Theology. . . . The The- 
ological department has been opened 
under favorable auspices. The class 
now consists of twelve students." 

In 1S34, the trustees of the institu- 
tion reported to the convention, "Al- 
though the Theological department 
has not afforded all the advantages 
which were original!}* designed, in 
consequence of being unable to de- 
vote to that branch the necessary 
amount of instruction, yet the Trus- 
tees have never felt in the least in- 
clined to relinquish the plan, but are 
determined to adopt every measure 
in their power to render that depart- 
ment just what it should be. Imme- 
diate efforts will be made to secure 
the labors of an associate professor in 
Theology, and to purchase a Library 
for the use of Theological students." 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



On the reception of tin's report, the 
convention " Resolved, That we con- 
sider the theological Institution at 
New Hampton to be of great impor- 
tance to pur churches in this State, 
and to the interests of religion gen- 
erally, and that we will continue our 
efforts to sustain its prosperity and 
influence. Immediately after the pas- 
sage of this Resolution over $200 were 
subscribed towards purchasing a The- 
ological Library." 

In 1S35, the executive committee 
of the institution reported to tire con- 
vention that " Four of the five hun- 
dred dollars subscribed for the Theo- 
logical Library have been expended, 
and a portion of the remainder is yet 
to be collected. . . . The Theo- 
logical Class is larger than ever be- 
fore." 

In 1S37, the trustees of the institu- 
tion reported to the convention, " So 
great are the wants of the Theologi- 
cal Department, and so constant is 
the increase of students in that de- 
partment that the Trustees resolved 
at their last meeting to take immedi- 
ate measures for the appointment of 
an additional professor. Annual sub- 
scriptions are needed." 

Dr. Kelly states in his book that 
Mr. Simpson, the first patron of the 
school, died in 1837, an '-i thus his 
financial aid ceased, but notwith- 
standing this, the school continued 
fairly prosperous. 

In 183S, the executive committee 
reported, "In addition to the former 
competent Board of Instruction, the 
Trustees have appointed Rev. J. 
Newton Brown (afterwards D. D.), 
Piofessor of Kxegetieal arid Pastoral 
Theology, who entered upon his 
duties in May (1838) last." The 
convention passed the following : 



"Resolved, That the Trustees of the 
Institution at Xew Hampton be re- 
quested by this Convention to adopt 
the necessary measures to prevent 
any students entering the Theologi- 
cal Department who do not possess 
the necessary qualifications." 

In 1839, the executive committee 
of the institution reported to the con- 
vention, " The Theological Depart- 
ment, under the instruction of two 
Professors, lias been prosperous. 
The young men have generally pur- 
sued their studies faithful!}' and un- 
interruptedly, though in some cases 
the Brethren have been absent for a 
time, or have closed their studies 
without finishing their prescribed 
course. . . . You are aware 
that nearly all our directly Theolo- 
gical instruction is given during the 
last two years. Where brethren 
leave before this period their Theo- 
logical opinions cannot be known by 
the professors, and of course they 
must unjustly be held responsible for 
the doctrine preached by those who 
have never come under their instuc- 
tion." 

In the report of the board of the 
New Hampshire Baptist convention 
for 1S43 it is said, " It should be kept 
distinctly in view that the Theologi- 
cal Department derives no income 
from tuition, and that the support of 
its Professors is expected from the 
churches. . . . Your Board were 
so deeply impressed with a convic- 
tion of the importance of sustain- 
ing the Theological department, they 
could not refrain from commending it 
to the fraternal regards of the Con- 
vention." 

The convention thereupon ap- 
pointed a committee to consider the 
condition and claims of the institu- 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



21 



tion, and at a later session that com- 
mittee reported. u It is well known to 
the frietids of the Institution that for 
several years it has been embarrassed 
with an accumulating debt, and that 
efforts Have been making by the 
Trustees to secure means for liqui- 
dating it. This debt amounts at the 
present time to about five thousand 
dollars, and through the -liberality of 
the churches, about four thousand 
rive hundred dollars of this sum have 
been secured, on condition that the 
whole amount be actual!)" paid by the 
first of October next. Tlins it will 
be seen that the liquidation of this 
heavy debt depends upon raising the 
remaining- sum of live hundred dol- 
lars previous to the time specified 
above. Your Committee are happy 
to learn that the internal affairs of 
the Institution are in a healthful con- 
dition at the present time, the num- 
ber of Theological students is increas- 
ing, and they commend the Institu- 
tion to the continued prayers and 
patronage of the churches. " 

In 1S44, the report of the board of 
the Xew Hampshire Baptist conven- 
tion says, " For two or three years 
past an attempt has been made to 
pay off a debt against the New 
Hampton Institution. That ob- 
ject has been accomplished by a 
strenuous effort during the last year. 
To sustain the Theological 
Department requires an annual con- 
tribution from the churches, as 110 
tuition is required of its students. 

. About fifty young men have en- 
joyed the advantages of this depart- 
ment, and are now successfully labor- 
ing in the work of the gospel ministry 
in almost every State of the tfnfou. 
Very many of our churches 
(in New Hampshire) have been sup- 



plied with pastors from the Institu- 
tion, who have been working, suc- 
cessful ministers, and who have con- 
tributed much under God to the en- 
largement of our Zion. The point to 
be settled by the churches is, shall 
this Department be sustained? That 
is, will the brethren in the State con- 
tribute a sum annually, sufficient to 
pay the salary of the Professors? " 

From the foregoing it will be seen 
that the :^ork of the institution was 
carried on with success and general 
approval. The catalogue for 1S44 
shows that in that year, there were 
five male and six female instructors, 
and of students, there were 33 theo- 
logical, 45 classical, and 69 English, 
and that there were 103 in the female 
department, making a total of 250 
students. But all along, the great 
difficulty was to obtain sufficient 
funds to carry it on, and this was 
especially so with reference to the 
theological department. Hence an 
effort was now made to enlist the aid 
and help of. the Baptists in Maine 
and Vermont in sustaining this de- 
partment. The report of the conven- 
tion board for 1S45 refers to this ef- 
fort and says, "The plan of a pro- 
posed union with our brethren in 
Maine and Vermont, for the support 
o the Theological Department, has 
been favorably received, and. the 
brethren in Maine, at their late Con- 
vention, voted to raise S259 per year 
towards its support for live years, 
which must be gratifying to the 
friends of the Institution." 

The convention appointed a com- 
mittee to consider the condition of 
the institution, and they reported 
that they "find it at the present 
time in a thriving condition. The 
number of students in both depart- 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



nients is unusually large* The num- 
ber of Theological scholars is gradu- 
ally increasing. lis financial affairs 
arc comparatively free from em- 
barrassment. Its internal discipline 
is in a sound and healthy state. It 
may indeed be regarded as placed on 
a basis of permanent prosperity and 
usefulness." But an unexpected dif- 
ficulty had come upon the institu- 
tion, for the committee add, "During 
the past year one of the Theological 
Professors (Rev. J. N. Brown), ow- 
ing chiefly to the failure of his health, 
has suspended his labors, and will 
not probably resume them. The 
Trustees have made efforts to obtain 
a suitable successor, but have not yet 
obtained one." 

In 1846, Rev. Tames Upham be- 
came professor of sacred literature 
and ecclesiastical historic, and the 
committee appointed by the conven- 
tion that year reported, "Your com- 
mittee are impressed with the great 
usefulness of this Institution, as con- 
nected with the interest of learning 
and religion, and especially in pro- 
moting the education of pious young 
men for the christian ministry. They 
believe, also, that the time has ar- 
rived when the measures to sustain 
the Theological Department should 
he somewha' changed, and rendered, 
if possible, more settled and perma- 
nent. . . . It is believed, could 
proper attention be given to this sub- 
ject that there are many persons who 
have property, who would appropri- 
ate a part, at lease, which, at their 
decease, should go towards consti- 
tuting a fund for ' an endowment.' 
It is confidently believed that with 
proper measures, an endowment for 
the Theological Professorships, may 
be secured within a few years. 



The Trustees of the Institution 
are providing the most competent in- 
struction in the several Departments, 
and the last examination was well 
sustained." 

In r?4;, the committee appointed 
by the convention reported, "'At the 
last annual meeting of the Conven- 
tion, a plan was devised for raising 
funds to endow the Theological Pro- 
fessorships with a sum of not less 
than twenty thousand dollars, the 
annual income of which shall be suf- 
ficient to meet the expense of that 
department. . . . We are en- 
couraged to believe the object will be 
accomplished. Several hundred dol- 
lars have been received and invested, 
the income of which is now available. 
The number of students in the differ- 
ent Departments is larger, the pres- 
ent term, than it has been for some 
time past." 

In 1S4S, a similar committee re- 
ported, "That, as this Institution 
has been a great blessing to the 
churches and the world, having been 
instrumental of the conversion of 
hundreds of precious souls to Christ, 
and of raising up and sending forth 
hundreds of faithful laborers into the 
gospel held ; . . . ' We would 
commend it to the confidence, pray- 
ers, and patronage of the churches ; 
recommending, also, that the present 
effort to secure a. permanent fund, for 
the support of the theological depart- 
ment, should be met in that spirit of 
liberality that has hitherto character- 
ized the friends of this Institution." 

In 184.9, the committee reported to 
the convention. "This Institution 
affords very desirable facilities for 
securing a good Literary and Theo- 
logical education. Each department 
is furnished with able and faithful 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION 



teachers. Ninety young ladies, and 
as main- young gentlemen are in at- 
tendance this term." 

At the meeting of the New Hamp- 
shire Baptist convention in October. 
185-1, a paper was read by Professor 
Smith, D. I)., which cave an account 
of the institution from the commence- 
ment, and urged especially the im- 
portance and the claims of the theo- 
logical department. This paper was 
also read the same year at the meet- 
ing of the Vermont Baptist conven- 
tion, and was afterwards published 
by request, in an Svo. pamphlet of 
of 2S pages. 

In this address, Dr. Smith stated 
that during his presidency, from 
1833— '51, eighteen years, there were 
6,029 different students, and the aver- 
age yearly atter.dar.ee was, males, 
172 ; females, 144 : total, 316. The 
whole number of theological students 
was 15S; average yearly attendance, 
28. During the same time 44 others 
entered the ministry, who, in the in- 
stitution, had fitted either for college 
or theological seminary. With refer- 
ence to the theological students, Dr. 
Smith stated that 61 came from New 
Hampshire, 50 from Massachusetts, 
17 from Vermont, 16 from Maine, 7 
from New York, 4 from Connecticut, 
4 from Canada East, 1 from New Jer- 
sey. He further stated that the fol- 
lowing was known as to their fields 
of labor at that time : In New Hamp- 
shire, 24; Massachusetts, 15; Ver- 
mont, 1.5; Maine, S; New York, 6; 
New Jersey, 3 ; Western states, S ; 
California, 2. He also said that 
while he thought highly of a thor- 
ough and complete collegiate and 
theological course as a training for 
the ministry, it was necessary to pro- 
vide for the training of those, who, 



from various circumstances, could 
not avail themselves of this thorough 
training. 

At a later session of the conven- 
tion, the trustees of the institution re- 
ported, "The Female Department, 
and also the English and Classical 
Departments, are supported at pres- 
ent by their own resources, the tui- 
tion is to pay the expenses by an 
arrangement with the Instructors. 
The Theological Professors are de- 
pendent for their support on other 
funds, raised especially for that ob- 
ject. The design entered upon, and 
prosecuted with some success, is to 
collect a permanent fund of twenty 
thousand dollars, the interest of 
which would be sufficient for their 
support." They further stated that 
the net debt of the theological depart- 
ment at that time was $1,045.16. 

In 1852, the trustees of the institu- 
tion presented their report to the con- 
vention, in which they told of the 
efforts to sustain the theological de- 
partment for more than twenty years, 
and stated that only about four thou- 
sand dollars had been secured towards 
the twenty thousand dollars proposed, 
that the debts were then about two 
thousand, four hundred dollars, that 
they had received a proposition from 
the brethren in Vermont that they 
would raise an endowment of twenty 
thousand dollars and would provide 
suitable buildings if the institution 
were removed, to that state. Being 
convinced that there was no prospect 
of obtaining an endowment in New 
Hampshire, the trustees asked the 
convention to give them authority to 
transfer the institution to the North- 
ern Educational Union, which had 
been formed in Vermont. After con- 
siderable discussion in two sessions 



24 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



of the convention the matter was re- 
ferred to the board of the convention. 

It would seem that the board de- 
cided in favor of making the trans- 
fer, as in the Minutes of the con- 
vention fo 1 " 1853, I find the following : 

V \ r ottI, That the transfer of the 
New Hampton Institution be stated 
in the Minutes. (Writings were exe- 
cuted the 10th of November, 1852, by 
which all the liabilities of the Insti- 
tution were assumed by the Board in 
Vermont, in consideration of which 
the property of the Institution was 
conveyed to said Board. The Insti- 
tution was reopened at Fairfax, the 
30th of Aug., 1853, with 14 Theologi- 
cal students — total, 140; which is as 
many as could be accommodated. 
Another boarding house is nearly 
completed. A precious revival has 
been enjoyed the past term.)" 

After diligent inquiries in various 
quarters, I have been able to obtain 
the loan of fourteen of the annual 
catalogues of the institution, from 
which the following further informa- 
tion is gathered : 

1 83 1. M The charge for Tuition is 
$3 per quarter. . . .Si being 
added for instruction in the French 
language, Painting, and Drawing, in 
the Female Department. 
Board, including washing and care 
of rooms, is furnished by the Stew- 
ard, at an average price of Si per 
week. Board with all the necessary 
accommodations in the vicinity of the 
Institution is from 5i to Si. 25 per 
week." The board of instruction 
consisted of 4 males and 3 females. 
The "Recapitulation" shows that' 
during the year there were, students, 
classical, 77; senior English, 76; 
junior English, 49; females, 124; 
total, 326. 



1832. The board of instructors 
was composed of 5 males and 4 fe- 
males, and the students were classi- 
cal, 96 ; senior English, 76 ; junior 
English, 34 ; females. 108 ; total, 

3H-. 

1534. The charge for tuition in 
the classic;'. 1 department was in- 
creased to S4 per quarter, and the 
charge for room rent and other inci- 
dentals was 2S cents a week in the 
summer and fall terms, and 38 cents 
per week in the winter. There were 
5 male and 4 female instructors, and 
the students were, theological, 15 ; 
classical, 69 ; senior English, 92 ; 
junior English, 57; females, 159; 
total, 392. 

1535. Instructors, 5 males and 4 
females. Students, theological, 23 ; 
classical, 51 ; senior English, 77 ; 
junior English, 49 ; females, 167 ; 
total, 367. 

1 S3 7. Board iu commons was in- 
creased to $1.25 to $1.37 per week, 
and in the vicinity to Si.^ to Si. 50 
per week, and the tuition in the clas- 
sical department to S5 per quarter. 
The instructors were 5 male and 4 
female, and the students, theological, 
31 ; classical, 53 ; senior English, 8$ ; 
junior English, 55; females, 138; 
total, 365. 

1538. Instructors, 5 males and 5 
females. Students, theological, 36 ; 
classical, 80; senior English, 85; 
junior English, 32; females, 140; 
total, 373. 

1539. Instructors, 7 males and 7 
females. Students, theological, 33 ; 
classical, 72 ; senior English, 76 ; 
junior English, 20 ; females, 162 ; 
total, 363. 

1840. Instructors, 6 males and 6 
females. Students, theological, 39: 
classical, Co; senior English, 64; 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



25 



junior English, 22 ; females, 151 ; 
total, 556. 

1 84 1. Instructors, 5 males and 7 
females. Students, theological. 36 ; 
classical, 35 ! senior English, 56 ; 
junior English, 28; females, 153; 
total, 2S8. 

1843. Instructors, 6 males and 7 
females. Students, theological, 30 ; 
classical, 43 ; English;. S3 : females, 
107 ; total, 263. 

1544. Instructors, 5 males and 6 
females. Students, theological, 33 ; 
classical, 45 ; English, 69 ; females, 
103 ; total, 250. 

1545. Instructors, 6 males and 6 
females. Students, theological, 24 : 
classical, 41 ; English, 78 ; females, 
171 ; total, 314. 

T849. Instructors, 5 males and 6 
females. Students, theological, 18; 
classical, 29; English, 104; females, 
15S ; total, 309. 

1850. Instructors, 5 males and 7 
females. Students, theological, 17 ; 
classical, 40; English, 97; females, 
163; total, 317. At this time the 
expenses were, per quarter, common 
English, $3 ; higher English, S4 ; 
Latin, French, Spanish, and Italian, 
each extra, Si ; music, instrumental 
and vocal, each $8 ; u»e of instru- 
ment, $2 ; drawing, S2 ; penmanship, 
12 lessons, Sr ; borrd and washing, 
$1-50 per -week, with extra charge for 
fuel during the cold season. 

There were only two principals, 
viz., Rev. L>. I. Farnsworth, 1S25- 
'33, and Rev. E. B. Smith, D. D., 
iS33-'52. There were three theologi- 
cal professors, viz., Rev. E- B. Smith, 
D. D., i833-'52 ; Rev. J. X. Brown, 
D. D., i838-'44, and Rev. J. Up- 
ham, I). D., lo.p-^. Miss Martha 
Hazeltine was the first principal of 
the female department, 18 29-' 38. 



She was succeeded by Miss Sarah 
Sleeper, who had been a teacher in 
the school from 1832 ; becoming prin- 
cipal in 1839. I find her in the same 
position in 1844, but how much longer 
she continued in it I have no means 
of knowing. From the catalogues I 
have been able to obtain I find that 
Susan F. Colby was principal in 
1 848 ; Martha F. Loring jn 1849 ; 
and Narcissa V. Aver in 1S50. 

I append lists of other instructors 
in the male and female departments 
in the order in which I find them in 
the catalogues I have seen, beginning 
at 1 83 1 and ending at 1S50, but as 
the catalogues are so far from com- 
plete, I. omit dates. Less than half 
of them appear in more than one of 
the catalogues which I have been 
able to obtain, though probably some 
of them ma}' be found also in others 
that I have not seen. 



INSTRUCTORS. 



Male. 

Win. Heath, 
John W. Rand, 
Aaron Rand, 
Moses Curtis, 
David Bin-bank. 
Gardner T. Barker. 
Stephen Morse, 
John B. White. 
Enoch S. Sherman. 
B. Osgood Tierce, 
Isaac X. Hob trt, 
Wm. E. Wording, 
Rev. A. Buck, 
John L. W. Tiltcra, 
Stephen B. E'age, 
Win. L. Eaton, 
Wm. H. Eat. n, 
Je sse Clement, 
Jonas D. Sleeper, 
Hall Roberts, 
Win. W. Kaime. 
D. W. Lowell, 
S. W. Wilson, 
J - -.a-: i Fj n«\ 
Aaron W. Chaffin, 
Ephraim Knight, 



Female. 

Philirida P. Band, 
Emily E. Eaton, 
Eliza J. Woodman, 
Lucy Ann Griggs, 
Emiiy L. Nutting, 
Aureiia N. Barker, 
Mary S. Patterson, 
Laura F. Freeman, 
Narcissa V. Smith, 
Sarah P. Richardson, 
Ann T. Wilbur, 
Lucy Ann Teele, 
Mary A. Spaulding, 
Hannah T. Dana, 
Prudentia Chaplin, 
Lydia F. YYadieigh, 
Caroline B. Whipple, 
Elizabeth K.. Gordon, 
Rebecca P. Lambert, 
Caroline Bartlett, 
Sophia Matthson, 
Jane Hemmingway, 
Miranda W. Warner, 
Sar?.h ]•:. Pre-co:t, 
Caroline E. \ I arris, 
Sarah R. Skinner, 



26 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



Mule. Female, 

Algernon W Shattuck, Mary C. Fletcher, 
Daniel Putnam. Lucy A. 1!. Noyes, 

Elizabeth W. Lrvce, 
Rebecca P. Lambert. 

Mary J. iVescott. 
Alinira T. Griggs. 

Among the students in the theo- 
logical department. I find the follow- 
ing who were afterwards honored 
with the title of D. D., viz., T. H. 
Archibald, D. C. Eddy, J. C. Foster, 
H. S. Hall, Amos Webster. Also 
the following ministers we!! known 
in New Hampshire and other states, 
viz., Revs. S; G. Abbott, E. K. 
Bailey, B. Buerley, Baxter Burrows, 
D. Burroughs. Jas. N. Chase, J. K. 
Chase, J. M. Chick, F. E. Cleaves, 
J. M. Coburn, B. Congdon, F. Da- 
mon, D. P. Dening, D. A. Dunn, 
Horace P'aton. \i. A. Edwards, S. L. 
Elliott, D. Gage, A. Heald, S. G. 
Kinne, J. H. Denied, \V. W. Dove- 
joy, J. B. Mitchell, G. Bobbins, 
J. D. vSanbom, D. Sherwin, H. Stet- 
son, J. Storer, Phineas Stow, A. M 
Swaine. 

In the classical department I find 
the following names of ministers who 
finished their studies elsewhere, viz., 
B. B. Cheney, D. D. ; W. H. Eaton, 
D. D. ; E. D. Magoon, D. D. ; E. G. 
Robinson, D. D., and Revs. I. J. 
Burgess, B. P. Byram, F. Henry, 
X. Hooper, G. Newhall. C. W. Red- 
ing, J. G. Richardson. And also the 
following laymen who became well 
known, viz., lilias H. Cheney, Rufus 
S. Lewis, Stephen G. Nash, George 
B. Nesmith, and John Wentworth, 
known as " Dong John Wentworth.''' 

It may be well to insert here the 
following testimony to the value of 
the institution given by Rev. Ebene- 
zer Fisk, who lived in New Hampton 
for many years, and was not a min- 



ister of the denomination by which 
the institution was controlled. I find 
it in M Reminiscences of New Hamp- 
ton, " by Frank H. Kelly, M. D., 
Worcester, Mass. In a letter ad- 
dressed to Dr. Kelly, and dated 
Jackson, Mich., December 30, 1SS7, 
Mr. Fisk, after writing of various 
things, including the religious privi- 
leges of the town, says, "Added to 
these means of grace was the far- 
famed New FTampton Institution, con- 
ceived iu poverty, and nursed by be- 
nevolence, its teachers God-fearing 
men, and a large class of pious stu- 
dents in theology, giving cast to the 
whole school, bringing the class of 
students whose aims were noble, as 
their history shews." 

Rev. T. C. Foster, D. D., a gradu- 
ate 01 the theological department of 
the institution, who has for man}* 
years been an associate editor of the 
Watchman^ of Boston, Mass., writing 
to a friend in Philadelphia, January 
23, 1S99, says of it, "x-\bout the year 
1840 that institution was at its best. 
Rev, Eli B. Smith, I). D., and Rev. 
John Newton Brown, D. D., had 
charge of the theological department, 
which was in a very promising condi- 
tion. The female department, which 
had gained a very high reputation 
under Miss Martha Hazeltine, was 
well sustained by Miss Sarah Sleep- 
er. This female department ranked 
among the best and most noted 
schools for young ladies iu all the 
country, and the whole school, male 
and female, had very few superiors. 
Especially was it distinguished for 
religious revivals every year. Such 
was its reputation in this respect, 
that throughout New Hampshire and 
other states, parents sent their chil- 
dren there, hoping and expecting 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



they would be converted and be- 
come Christians. The income from 
the tuition of scholars could not sup- 
port such a school, and as there was 
no endowment, an appeal was made 
annually to the Baptist churches of 
Xew Hampshire for the contribution 
of needed funds. These appeals at 
length became tiresome and less and 
less productive, so that financial 
straits became more and more intol- 
erable. In this extremity, Rev. L- A. 
Dunn of Fairfax, Yt., a graduate 
from the theological department, un- 
dertook to secure its removal as a 
school to that town. What was done 
and promised to be done, was suc- 
cessful as an inspiration, and the 
transfer took place in 1S52." 

Although I have made earnest ef- 
forts in various quarters to get defin- 
ite information respecting the progress 
of the Institution in Vermont I have 
obtained very little. I know that 
Rev. E. B. Smith, D. P., retained 
his position as principal of the Insti- 
tution and profe-sor of Biblical the- 
ology and pastoral duties, and Rev. 
J. Uphara his position as professor of 
sacred literature and ecclesiastical 
history. On the death of Dr. Smith, 
January 5, 1S61, Dr. Cpham suc- 
ceeded him as principal and held the 
position between five and six years. 

In a pamphlet entitled, "Histori- 
cal Sketch of the Lamoille Baptist 
Association, 1 796-1896,' ' by Rev. 
Henry Crocker, I find the following : 
"In 1S52 the Northern Kducational 
Union was organized, and Xew 
Hampton Institution was removed 
from New Hampton to Fairfax. 
This was accomplished especially 
under the inlluciice oi Rev. h. A. 
Dunn, pastor of the Fairfax church. 
One special object of this institution 



was to furnish young men, who were 
unable to pursue the full course of 
collegiate and seminary studies, the 
opportunity to obtain some special 
training for the ministry. The influ- 
ence of this Institution was power- 
fully felt in the Association. The 
students came to it in large numbers. 
It had an able corps of teachers thor- 
oughly devoted to their work. The 
theological department was large, as 
many as fifty students at times avail- 
ing themselves of the course.'' 

Mr. Crocker, who has been pastor 
at Fairfax for the last twelve years, 
wrote me from that place, January 
2 $, 1S99, that the Institution "had a 
brilliant career here for some years. 
The people of Fairfax furnished com- 
modious and stately buildings, and 
students flocked here from all quar- 
ters. There were two departments, 
a male and a female, and also a theo- 
logical department. This was for a 
time very prosperous. A large num- 
ber of students availed themselves of 
the opportunity here given for an 
education, and some of them are now 
prominent in the denomination. Dr. 
S. H. Greene of Washington, and 
Dr. Alvah Hobart of Yonkers, were 
educated here in part. There were, 
at times, as many as three hundred 
students here in all departments, and 
the influence of the school was widely- 
felt." 

Rev. A. T. Dunn, 1). D., son of 
Rev. L. A. Dunn, before spoken of, 
who has for many years been secre- 
tary of the Maine Baptist convention, 
wrote me January 30, 1S99, " I was 
born there in Fairfax, and my earli- 
est recollections are of that Institu- 
tion. I spent seventeen years in the 
town, and got a preparation for Col- 
lege in the Institution. I suppose 



2S 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



that my father was largely instru- 
mental in the removal of the Institu- 
tion to Vermont. My mother, Lucy 
Ann Teele, was one oi the teachers 
in tlie Institution while at New 
Hampton, and my father was a stu- 
dent there. . . . The Institution 
has turned out some line men.'' 

Dea. G. H. S afford, of Fairfax, 
president of the Northern Educa- 
tional Union, wrote me February i, 
1S99, " The school opened in Fair- 
fax in 1S53, with two departments, 
male and female. Rev. E. B. Smith, 
D. D., President and Professor of 
Biblical Theology and Pastoral 
Duties; Rev. J. Upham, A. M., 
Professor of Sacred Literature and 
Ecclesiastical History; Daniel Put- 
nam, A. M., Piofessor of Chemistry 
and Geology with their application 
to Agriculture ; Selim PI. Peabody, 
A. B., Professor of Mathematics and 
Natural Philosophy; S. M. Basset, 
Teacher of Music: A. P. Shattuck, 
Teacher of Penmanship. Prof. Up- 
ham also taught the Latin and Greek. 
The F'emale Department had five 
teachers ; Frances S. Macumber, 
Principal. Classes were graduated 
from the Theological Department, 
also from the Classical and Female 
Departments, each year after the 
first., for I think, some fifteen or 
twenty years, and some help was 
given later to students who purposed 
to study for the ministry. 
Lack of endowment was the princi- 
pal cause for the gradual decline of 
the Institution. The civil war was a 
disturbing element, and after its 
close, the Baptist denomination in 
the State turned its attention towards 
Sax Lou's Paver, and Fairfax was left 
to care for the Old Institution." 
In the letter from Rev. J. C. Fos- 



ter; D. D.. from which I have already 
quoted, he also wrote, " Many prom- 
ises in regard to Fairfax were never 
realized, and from the beginning 
the financial and other difficulties 
abounded, till prosperity waned, and 
ultimately patronage was withdrawn 
and transferred to the Vermont Acad- 
emy at Saxton's River. . . . The 
record of the New Hampton Literary 
and Theological Institution for many 
years was the very best, and beyond 
all computation was the good done 
by excellent work in all its depart- 
ments." 

The only catalogue of the Institu- 
tion while it was in Vermont, which 
I have been able to find, is that for 
1 85 7-' 5$, which has been kindly lent 
to me by Henry E. Lincoln, Esq., 
librarian of the American Baptist 
Historical Society in Philadelphia. 
At that time, Eli B. Smith, D. D., 
was president, and Follett professor of 
Biblical theology and pastoral duties ; 
Rev. J. Upham, A. M., professor of 
sacred literature and ecclesiastical 
history, and as the chair of Latin 
and Greek languages was vacant, he 
also discharged the duties of that de- 
partment ; Rev. Mark A. Cummings, 
A. M., was professor of mathematics 
and natural sciences; Julian H. 
Dewey, tutor of the preparatory de- 
partment and teacher of penmanship. 
In the female department, Susan M. 
Ham was principal, and there were 
five other teachers. Of the students 
in the theological department 4 were 
in their fifth year, 3 in the fourth 
year, S in the third year, 6 in the 
second year, and 2 in the first year, 
total. 23. In the classical and Eng- 
lish departments the whole number 
of different students for the year was 
309; male, i-i-S; female, 161. 



NEW HAMPTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION. 



29 



I have not been able to ascertain 

when the theological department, was 
discontinued, but from the letter of 
Deacon Safford I conclude it was 

somewhere about 1S70, and I find 
from the "Minutes of the Vermont 
Baptist Convention" that in 1875, 
§roo,ooo had been raised for the endow- 
ment of the Vermont academy at Sax- 
ton's River, and that special efforts 
were being made to raise sufficient 
funds for a suitable building. This 
was accomplished, and the academy 
commenced its operations in 1S76, and 
in the convention minutes of 1S77 I 
find reference to "the great success 
of the Vermont academy during the 
fust year of its existence/' But there 
has never been a theological depart- 
ment connected with that institution. 

Although the patronage of the Bap- 
tists of Vermont was thus transferred 
to Saxton's River, the people of Fair- 
fax continued the Xew Hampton In- 
stitution in operation until 1893, 
when some change in the Vermont 
lews with reference to "the Town 
system of schools," led to its suspen- 
sion. Deacon Safford wrote that ''in 
December, 1S97, the school buildings 
were destoyed by fire, with all their 
contents, consisting of Libraries, 
Museum, and Apparatus." 

When the Institution was trans- 
ferred to Vermont the people of Xew 
Hampton were unwilling to get along 
without a school, and the result was 
the buildings were bought by a new 
corporation and they thus came un- 
der the control of the Freewill Bap- 
tists, and a charter was obtained for 
the New Hampton Literary and 
Biblical Institute. The theological 
department has been removed to 
Lewiston, Me., but the academical 
department, with a commercial col- 



lege added to it, seems to be carried 
on with considerable success. The 
catalogue of 1396-^97, shows that the 
faculty then consisted of Rev. A. B. 
Meservey, D. D., Ph. D., principal 
and president of the commercial col- 
lege, and of eleven other teachers and 
instructors. The summary gives the 
number of the scholars in the several 
department, literary, commercial, 
telegraphy, phonography, and type- 
writing, making a total of 305 for the 
year; 17S gentlemen and 127 ladies. 

APPENDIX. 

The following is a complete list of 
that portion of the trustees who were 
appointed by the New Hampshire 
Baptist convention, with their dates 
of service, compiled from the minutes. 

Trustees. 

Rev. N. W. Williams, iS2-'>*30. 

Rev. S. Pilishury. t82-V29. 

Rev. S. Tripp, i826-'32. 

Rev. P. Richardson, i^^'-p, iS44-'4/. 

Rev. W. Taylor. iS26-'32. 

Rev. B. Stow. 1S29. 

Rev. G. Evans, iSic^tf. 

Rev. E. E. Cumrnings, iS29-'3t, i$34-'47, 1S49. 

Rev. O. Tracy, lS^o-'j?, j S32. 

Rev. N. Nichols. 1S3 (-"36. 

Rev. S. Cooke. 1832, iS43-'49. 

Rev. E. Crawford, 1S33. 

Rev. S. Everett, f K }j. 

Rev. E. Worth, 1S3V52. 

Rev. A. T. Foss, 1834, 183S, 1S39, iS4i-'43. 

Rev. W. Richardson, 1835. 

Dea. W. Gault, 1S36, 183-. 

Dea. T. Berry, Jr., 1837. 

Rev. D. D. Pratt, 1S38-4C, 184^48. 

Rev. J. Richardson, iS38-'4r, 1S45. 

Mr. Philip Drown, 1 S 3 S , 1839. 

Rev. L. E. Caswell, 1840. 

Rev. H. Tonkin, 1S40. 

Rev G. Williams, 1841. 

Rev. J. M. Graves, 1841. 

Rev. A. M. Swain, 184 1-*43, 1S4S. 

Rev. G. W. Cutting, 1843- ' 

Rev. J. Freeman. »843-'47. 

Rev. J. G. Richardson, 1843. 

Rev. J. M. Chick, iS^S. 

Rev. N. W. Smith, :S44-'4S. 

Rev. G. Robb'.ns, 1844. 



THE DREAM EXGIXE. 



Rev 


M 


. Carpenter, 


54 5-'47. 


184c 


Rev 


. B 


Brierley. 1845. 




Mr. 


H. 


Y. SimpsoT . 


iS 4 5-'47. 




Mr. 


bt 


S Aver. 184; 


*•;-. 




Hoi 


.A 


.Colby, 1S46 


JJS47, r8 


!?-' 


Mr. 


J-- 


\. Gault, 1S4 


-'*5--- 




Hon 


•J- 


Qujncy. 184 






Rev 


T. 


0. Lincoln, 


S49. 




Rev 


E 


D ; igt . 1 >4* 


. 




Kev 


0. 


0. Stearns, 


• r !9- 




Rev 





Ayer, 1S50. 






Rev- 


M 


. Lamson. iS 


50. 




Mr. 


T. 


T. Harris, iS : 


0. 




Rev 


C. 


\V. Flai dei 


• ^5^" : 5- 




Rev 


L. 


Tracy. 1S5 - 


'- o 
? 2. 




Rev 


H 


D. Hodge, 


S5O, TS5 




Rev 


K 


S. Hall, 1S5 


0- S - ■ 




Rev 


la 


5. N. Chase, 


1S5T, 




Rev 


j- 


Storer, rS: 1. 


1S52. 




Rev 


J- 


H.Chase, iS 







Overseers 
appointed by the New Hampshire Baptist conventic 

Rev. J. Crockett, iSzfi-'sS, 1S50. 

Rev. J. B. Gibson, rSao, 1S27. 

Rev. J. Higbee, 11826, 1S27. 

Rev. N. Ames, iSzfj, 1827,1829. 

Rev. J. Davis. 1S26, 1S27. 

Rev. O. Tracy, 18 28. 

Rev. I. Ft; son, 182S. 

Rev. R. L. Fogg, 1S2S. 

Rev. S. Cooke, 1S2S. 

Rev. O. Robinson, i&s^- , ^2. 

Rev. C. Clark, i&2g-^i. 

Levi Willard, Esq., 1820-32. 1834^35, iSj^-Y"- 

Rev. B. Stow, ii?°. 

Mr. S. Fletcher, 1831. 

Mr. C. Brown, 1831. 

Rev. I. Crockett, 1832. 

Rev. T. Atwood, 1832. 



Rev. 5. Pillsbury, 1'cy. 
Rev. j. Peacock, 1833. 
Dr. j. Robbins, 1833. 
Rev. J. E. Strong, 183 



Mi. 


X. 


So 


ithv 


•rtl 


, 1833. 18 


H-- 


Cap 


t. \ 


v'. Richards 


>n, i8^ ; 1 


834. 


Rev 


L 


l\ 


Ca 


5v\ el 


• 1S34-37 




Dea 


. D 


. Philb 


00k 


1S34-37. 




Rev 


N 


11 


ooper, 1S35-37. 




Rev- 


T 


E 


istn 




1 85 f-";-. 




Rev 


J- 


Ri 


cha: 


dsoi 


, 1S35, iS 


\6. 


Rev- 


J. 


A. 


Boswell 


iS36- ! 43. 




Mr. 


IX 


Ev 


eret 


1 »s 


36. 




Dea 


P. 


Bi 


wn 


• iS : 


7. 




Mr. 


J-l 


L Simi 


.son 


iS 3 8-- 4 4. 


iS-uV-52. 


Mr. 


s. 


Di; 


ke, 


1S3S 


-'40. 




Mr. 


j. Wa 


dleigb, r 


S3$- ! 4v 




Rev- 


. B 


c. 


>ngt 


on, 


t840-'4i. 




Mr. 


Ab 


-an 


1 W 


ird, 


;8<r, 1845 




Rev 


S. 


Ea 


stm 


an, i 


S 4 i. 




Dea 


• J- 


A. 


Gai 


It, 1 


Hz- 




Mr. 


w. 


Lowe' 


, iS 


13- 




Her 


. A 


. C 


-lbv 


, 18 


■ 4, 1S45. 




Rev 


• J- 


w 


Po 


and 


iS45-'47. 


1S51, 1S5 



Rev. D. G. Mason, 1S45-4S. 
Mr. R. Dodge, iSij-V. 
Mr. A. Prescott, xS45- , 47- 
Mr. N. Norris, rS 4 3- ; 4 7. 
Mr. J. S. Brown, 1.84.5 -'47. 
Rev. T. O. Lincoln. 1846-48. 
Rev. O. O. Stearns. jS^AiS. 
Rev. K. S. Hall, 1848, 1849. 
Rev. H. D. Dodge, 184s, 1849. 
Rev. J. Storer, 1849. 
Rev. E. W, Cressey, 1S49. 
Rev. S. L. Elliott, 1851, 1S52. 
Rev. \V. \V. Lovejoy, 1S51, 1S52. 
Mr. N. Clark, 1851, 1852. 

I am unable to give lists of trusrees and overseers 
appointed by the corporation. 



THE DREAM ENGINE. 



By Willis Edwin Hard. 



gsnasglAR up on the dizzying cliffs of 



the Sierras, where the great 
white eagle loosens his pin- 
ions in the pure, dry atmos- 
phere, and the eaves of the ancient 
dwellers in these fastnesses look upon 
a new and more civilized world, the 
sparkling crystal rays of the morning 
sun peered down the icy canons, or 
slipped along the polished glaciers. 



From the month of one of these 
caves a thin stream of smoke gushed 
continuously, rising, as it emerged, 
in a fantasy of curling wreaths, and 
melting away in the cold stillness of 
the hills. 

Within the cave, seated before a 
wonderful little machine, sat a man 
whose clean-shaven, intellectual face 
glowed with the intensity of thought 



THE DREAM ENGINE. 



3i 



and feeling. His entire strength of 
being seemed to be centered upon 
the workings of the contrivance that 
almost appeared to exist as with 
huraaii intelligence. At the man's 
back pulsated a kind of furnace to 
which was attached a long flue that 
traversed to the mouth of the cave, 
carrying away the fire-breathings in 
ding)' vapor. 

It was warm and bright in this 
strange retreat, for several brilliant 
little electric lights adorned the 
rough granite walls, blazing sweetlv 
upon the solitary man of genius, 
and revealing every portion of the 
dynamo from which they owed their 
being. 

" The work is almost completed," 
murmured the man, as he lovingl}- 
tried and adjusted the fragile parts 
of the odd machinery before him. 
" The dream engine will always be a 
thing of use and beauty. To the ex- 
plorer in the depths of a dangerous 
and untrodden wilderness it will be 
invaluable. From the scout it will 
reveal to his superior officer the posi- 
tion of the enemy. A concentration 
of mind, a pressing of the spring, 
and, behold, an invisible cable has 
transmitted the news from the most 
inaccessible region where the im- 
pulses of man may have led his 
steps." 

For some moments the strange 
speaker was silent, engrossed in the 
task which was to revolutionize travel 
and warfare, and the sending of com- 
munications where no telegraph was 
present. He had spent the moments 
of years upon the moulding of the 
thought and the delicate finishing of 
the idea. It was but natural, as the 
great moment of trial was at hand, 
that he should reexamine, with the 



utmost thoroughness of detail, if he 
might discover the slightest flaw. 

A great ware of exultation passed 
over the mind of the machinist as he 
saw that every joint and artery of the 
fine mechanism was faultless, but he 
checked the outburst of feeling, for 
the greater the flow of fancy, the 
greater the disappointment in event 
of failure. Still, he knew the result 
of his labors could not rest in failure. 
Only a derangement of the delicate 
workings could insure a defeat, and 
that but temporary. For the master 
of his engine has its everv phase in 
his mind,' outlined forever. 

"The test is now." voiced the inven- 
tor tumultuously. "I will telegraph 
to my friend in the East. He will find 
my toy is a dream engine no longer 
— no mere fancy of a disordered in- 
tellect. He will know that my isola- 
tion is not without its records in hu- 
man improvement. Little engine we 
must be careful, for with the slight- 
est jar you are ruined forever." 

The inventor proceeded carefully 
to the mouth of the cavern. For a 
moment he. stood there, gazing far 
out across the boundless extent of 
plain that stretched from the foothills 
away to the "Father of Waters," 
then he turned and thought earnestly 
and fixedly upon the impressionable 
electro - magnetic, mesmeric plates 
with which the dream engine was 
supplied. When his mind had im- 
bued the. plates with the necessary 
intelligence which he wished to trans- 
mit, he pressed the key which sent 
the thought vibrating across the 
great prairies to the mountains of the 
East, straight to the magnetic center 
called up by the machinery-aided 
power of the human mind. 

" It is done," said the inventor, as 



THE DREAM ENGINE. 



he closed tbe communication of his 
dream engine, anil reentered the re- 
treat. " Now I will consult the tele- 
phone. If he heard the message he 

will tell me across tbe wire." So 
saying', he stood by the receiver 
ready to catch the news as it flashed 
across the transit, informing him of a 
mighty and a wonderful success. 

Then, as he waited and listened, 
the warning bet! rippled and shook 
with the joyful sense of its impor- 
tance. The man bent his ear. and 
then drew back his head with a sub- 
dued cry of delight. The message 
had been received. Thenceforth 
would be unnecessary the miles up- 
on miles of wire that encircle the con- 
tinents. In their place the mesmer- 
ism that dwells in all the sons of 
Adam would reign alone the inter- 
national factor for the dissemination 
of knowledge ; and even the secrets 
of the uttermost planets of our sys- 



tem mi edit sometime yield 



:he 



power of the dream engine. 

But, hark ! a low, deep roar was 
in the air, as if the very hills that 
had sheltered the tremendous output 
of genius were now turning against 
it iu alarm at its command of the 
natural energies. The inventor lis- 
tened in terror. He realized the 
direful portent of the sound. Pro- 
found and thunderous swelled the 
tumult, until the detonating gurgle 
swept into the hollow cave, and the 
foundations of the earth were shaken 



with fearful throes. The sullen hills 
trembled with the ague that arose 
from the violent jarrings of the in- 
terior storm ; • while, with the first 
tremor, the beautiful dream engine 
lay — a mangled wreck — upon the 
rocking floor of the cavern. 

With the double shock of the 
earthquake and the sense of his ter- 
rible loss, the inventor lav for a long- 
time unconscious on the granite floor. 
Poor, fluttering humanity ! the shin- 
ing hours flit strangely in the chase ! 
By and by, when the power of 
thought had returned, the man looked 
long ana sadly upon the premature 
end of his cherished hopes. He 
could not repress the tears, but they 
flowed from a manly heart, crushed, 
yet courageous. At length he arose 
and cried, almost fiercely : 

"This is not the end! I will not 
be shackeled by the first evil work- 
ings of fate ! The life of the dream 
engine is still here in my brain ready 
to start forth with redoubled vigor 
under the influence of the mystic 
signs of the inventor. Succeed, I 
will ; and the world shall receive the 
benefit of my endeavor ! " 

So, far up in the cave of the 
Sierras, the lone man works, undis- 
mayed ; and some day the, full vigor 
of mind will shed its blossoming fra- 
grance far and wide upon a world 
that can never become too sweet or 
too bright as a continued inheritance 
for the race of man. 




Z~s 



OX THE GOLDEN SHORE. 
By Converse J. Smith 



m 



r&H&fc A.LIFORNIA was discovered 
by the Spaniards in 1542, 
and became a province of 
Mexico in 1S22, having' won 
independence from Spain, and was 
admitted to the Union as a state in 
1850. It was in 1844 that Daniel 
Webster said of California in the 
United States senate, speaking in re- 
gard to a proposed mail service be- 
tween Missouri and the Pacific, 
"What do we want with this vast 
worthless area, this region of savages 
and wild beasts of deserts, of shifting 
sands and whirlwinds of dust, of cac- 
tus and prairie dogs? To what use 
could we ever hope to put the great 
deserts, of these endless mountain 
ranges, impenetrable and covered to 
their bases with eternal snow ? What 
can we ever hope to do with the West- 
ern coast, over three thousand miles 
rock-bound, cheerless, and uninviting, 
with not a harbor on it? What use 
have we for such a country ? Mr. 
President, I will never vote one cent 
from the public treasury to place the 
Pacific coast one inch nearer Boston 
than it is to-day." 

This speech will illustrate how lit- 
tle the Pacific coast was understood 
at that time, and the people of to-day, 
who have not visited California, will 
find it difficult to comprehend its 
magnitude, the wonderful produc- 
tions or the possibilities of the future. 
If California was stretched along 
our Atlantic seaboard, it would reach 

xxviii— 3 



from Maine to North Carolina, and a 
single county is larger than the state 
of New Hampshire. Only about five 
per cent, of the land is under culti- 
vation, yet there are single fields of 
wheat in the state, under one fence, 
containing 45,000 acres. To move 
the orange crop East the past season, 
10,000 cars were required. Then the 
dried fruit crop is valued at $15,000,- 
000, and 4,800 cars are needed to 
carry the same from the state. The 
value of the various kinds of grain, 
fruits, grapes, and wine can only be 
estimated, in each instance represent- 
ing millions of dollars. If the state 
was not visited occasionally with a 
drought to remind the people that 
they ought to exercise some degree 
of economy, they would not even 
know r the value of wealth. Freight 
trains are passed at every siding on 
the Southern Pacific roads, those go- 
ing East loaded with California fruit 
and other products of the Pacific 
coast, and for every train eastbound 
there is one coming West with goods 
for consumption. 



' Have any of the Granite 
Monthly readers journeyed" by rail 
from Seattle or Tacoma to San Fran- 
cisco, one of the famous scenic routes 
of the West ? The distance is 958 
miles, requiring two nights from 
Portland, Ore., which is nearly one 
hundred miles distant from Seattle. 
The train service is so arranged, 



34 



T^" 



ON THE GOLDEN SHORE. 






ie Scott Mts., Shasta 



Cai 



itude, I 4,442 feet 



daylight ride 



passengers have a 
through the rugged Siskiyou moun- 
tains, and Mt. Shasta, snow-capped 
much of the year, standing as a ma- 
jestic sentinel, 14,442 feet high, or 
more than twice the height of our 
own Mt. Washington, is plainly seen 
from the car windows for many 
hours. Mt. Hood, near Portland, 
Mts. Adams, St. Helens, Ranier, 
and the Cascade range, with their 
white domes, and the vast interven- 
ing landscape, afford magnificent 
views. The Southern Pacific rail- 
way have the only rail route between 
Portland and San Francisco, but 
there is lively competition from the 
various steamship companies. 

Sometime since, when a ruinous 
rate existed between the two cities, 
water and fuel were supplied the lo- 
comotives on the mountain ranges, 



miles from any settlement, and on 
reaching towns, a high rate of speed 
was maintained, thus preventing pas- 
sengers leaving the train, hence they 
were forced to purchase tickets at 
the high local tariff rate. To-day 
passengers are required to pay an ex- 
cess oi eight dollars, which will be 
refunded outy at destination, on day 
of arrival, which prevents the public 
from reaping advantage of competi- 
tion of water rates, if traveling to in- 
termediate stations. 

Such are the grades that trains of 
eight or ten cars require three loco- 
motives, and the track, in a number 
of places, parallels itself three and 
four times ; one surprising fact is 
that wood is used as fuel in the loco- 
motives, and the large, old-fashioned 
smoke-stacks remind one of the en- 
gines on the old Boston, Concord & 



V 



$98999 



ON THE GOLDEN SHORE 



35 



Montreal railroad, in use many years 
ago. There are some twenty tunnels 
b} r this route, and in one instance the 
train makes a complete turn while in- 
side the tunnel ; the train crawls up 
the mountains, apparently, until it 
cannot move a fool higher, then 
dashes through a tunnel, seemingly 
seeking encouragement to gain still 
higher altitudes. 

From Portland to Tacoma and Se- 
attle the Northern Pacific railroad 
have the only rail route. At Kalama 
the train is run upon immense steam- 
ers, and thus ferried across the mighty 
Columbia river, so broad and deep 
that it is not surprising that many 
passengers imagine they have reached 
the ocean in Puget Sound. The 
Northern Pacific railroad is one of 
the great trunk roads of the West, 
the main line extending from St. 
Paul to Portland, Tacoma, and Se- 
attle, with many branch lines ; it 
reaches eight great states, and has a 
grand total mileage of 4.938.51. The 
able president of this great corpora- 
tion is Charles S. Mellen, who was 



educated in the Concord schools, and 
commenced in his wonderful career 
on the old Northern railroad. His 
company, in addition, operate the 
Northern Pacific Steamship Com- 
pany, which has large steamers sail- 
ing direct from Tacoma for Yokoha- 
ma, Kobe, Japan, Hongkong, China, 
and intermediate points, carrying 
both passengers and freight. 

SAN FRANCISCO. 

Less than fifty years ago a new 
city charter was adopted, the coun- 
cilmen voting themselves each S6,ooo 
a year salary, other officials $10,000 
a year, and also gave themselves gold 
medals costing Si 50 apiece. Soon 
after, the city was almost entirely de- 
stroyed by fire, but the spirit of the 
people was pi oof against disasters, 
and from that time the}' have con- 
stantly increased in wealth and popu- 
lation, to-day there being 325,000 in- 
habitants. 

One receives favorable impressions 
of the city on first arrival. The mae- 



v & 

: 
t 






■ 



. 






Portland,. Oregon and Mt. Hood, 



i25 feet. 



36 



OX Tin-: GOLDEX SHORE. 



uificeni new Southern Pacific Rail- 
road station, erected by the state, 
costing upwards of one million of 
dollars, impresses the stranger and is 
a pleasant greeting. 

The view of Market street, the 
main thoroughfare of the city, with 
its beautiful buildings, is likely to 
astonish a person from the East, who, 
perhaps, feels, after a long journey 
across the continent, that he has 
reached the end of the world. Some 
of the business blocks, notably the 
Call, Chronicle, and Examiner build- 
ings, for architectural beauty are not 
surpassed in New York or elsewhere, 
and the entire city is laid out regu- 
larly and systematically. It is the 
metropolis west of the Mississippi 
river, commercially, socially, and ar- 
chitecturally. 

The harbor is one of the largest 
and finest in the world. In the 
streams or at the clocks may be seen 
steamers from China, Japan, Aus- 
tralia, New Zealand, and South 
American ports. Then the beautiful 



"Golden Gate" must be seen to be 
fully appreciated. 

The sunset views are superb and 
well do I recall an evening in May. 
on board a steamer escorting a trans- 
port with a regiment en route for 
Manila, when the full moon coming 
up over the mountain lit up harbor, 
ocean, and city. Then one could 
realize how appropriate is the name 
" Golden Gate." 

It is the most cosmopolitan Ameri- 
can city with representatives among 
the citizens from every nation, and 
the hospitality extended is something 
phenomenal. 

Many things seen in San Francisco 
strike a person from New England 
strangely. There is less home life 
than exists in the East, hence the 
cafes, restaurants, and hotels are 
largely patronized. The most promi- 
nent French restaurants, some of 
which have aristocratic names, are 
Zinkand, Merchaud's, Poodle Dog, 
Pup, Good Fellow's Grotto, and 
Spreckel's Rotisserie, the last in the 




' 












. ■ < ~ k — ■ — > ■ 

- i * * . * t „ . « , , . 

>: 
■ 



i-* -" . - 2 ~ . - 



Southern Pacific Raiircad Station, San Francisco, Cal 



OX THE GOLDEN SHORE. 



37 



clouds, or on the fifteenth floor of 
the Call building, over two hundred 
and fifty feet above the bay, where 
superb views for twenty miles in 
even' direction are obtained. 

Sunday appears to be observed in 
San Francisco as a holiday, or, ab 
someone has remarked, the people 
attend church in the morning, take a 
drive in the park in the afternoon, 
and attend the theatre in the evening. 
Sunday is the opening day for all 
theatrical performances, and the 
theatres, both afternoon and evening, 
are packed to the doors. The streets 
are thronged with people, there are 
processions headed with bands of 



% 



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iding. San Francisco, Cal. 






J. C F'opd's Residence, Caiifornia St., San Francisco. 

music, base-ball games, boxing bouts 
at the parks, bicycle racing, coursing 
of hares at Ingleside, etc., etc. 

The Cliff House is supposed to be 
seen by all strangers. Here are the 
famous seal rocks, and many hun- 
dred seals and sea lions are to be 
seen. It is estimated that there are 
some four hundred in number, and 
many of them have distinguished 
names. Gen. Ben Butler is the larg- 
est ; there is General Harrison, a 
President Cleveland, who is thus 
named because he is obstinate, and, 
of course, an Admiral Dewey. 

The seals take their outings and 



make excursions to a considerable 
distance. They play among them- 
selves, continually rolling on each 
other, feigning to bite, and often amuse 
themselves by pushing off those that 
are trying to land. They roll from a 
ledge twenty feet high, falling like 
so many brown sacks into the water, 
dashing up showers of spray. It is 
interesting to see them effect a land- 
ing on the rocks ; first the head only 
is seen, swimming with great speed, 
unmindful of the heavy surf on the 
beaches. As the water retreats, they 
begin struggling up the steep sides, 
twisting their bodies from side to 
side with a clumsy worm-like motion, 
and thus work themselves ultimately 
out of the water. They will go up 
perpendicular surfaces, where man 
would not attempt to creep, keeping 
up a continual barking, and all the 
seals they pass join in the chorus. 
On issuing from the water they are 



38 



ON THE GOLDEN SHORE, 



dark and shining, but after being in 
the sun become a yellowish brown. 

NOE hill. 

California street, where the pala- 
tial residences are located, is still 
beautiful, but most of the millionaires 
who resided there have joined the 
great majority, and to walk through 
that section at night makes one feel 



York, and at such times brings his 
retinue of servants and opens his 
beautiful home for a few weeks. 

The Crockers have elegant homes 
in the immediate vicinity which are 
occupied. 

William C. Ralston, who was presi- 
dent for a time of the famous Bank of 
California, occupied a beautiful home 
on Pine street, but it is now a fash- 
ionable boarding-house. It will be 






4 






Palace Hotel, San Francisco. 



depressed, — not a light to be seen in 
most of the palaces. The beautiful 
Mark Hopkins residence is now the 
Hopkins Institute of Art ; the large 
Stanford home is deserted, and has 
been, or will soon be, donated to the 
Stanford university with its 1,400 
students. The James C. Flood pal- 
ace, the most beautiful and com- 
manding, appears to be unoccupied. 
President Huntington or the South- 
ern Pacific railroad now and then 
comes to San Francisco from New 



remembered that Ralston entertained 
in kingly style when at the height of 
his power, but later when it was dis- 
covered that he was a defaulter for a 
round million of dollars, he was de- 
posed from the presidency, and a few 
hours later his life was ended in the 
bay. 

The Golden Gate park contains 
over one* thousand acres, with a fine 
conservatory containing all kinds of 
tropical plants, a great museum with 
a splendid collection of curiosities. 



ON THE GOLDEN SHORE. 



39 



and an aviary with hundreds of liv- 
ing birds. Then there are also in 
the park elk, deer, and buffalo. 
The charming park, a few years 
since, was only one great field of 
sand, hence all the more to be ap- 
preciated. Fine statuary, winding 
drives, speed tracks, play grounds, 
lakes, lawns, a Japanese tea garden 
are some of the features of this beau- 
tiful pleasure grovnd. 



The Diamond palace on Montgom- 
ery street is a marvel of beauty and 
elegance. It is a jewelry establish- 
ment, but for artistic taste and skill 
is rarely equaled. The proprietor 
has elegant paintings displayed, exe- 
cuted by famous artists, further beau- 
tified by being set with diamonds, 
rubies, and sapphires. There are 
mirrors on either side reflecting the 
beautiful wares and exquisite chan- 



Stage Road, East from Summit, Catal 



land, Cc 



PKKSIDIO. 

Presidio is the government reserva- 
tion of 1,500 acres, where the troops 
are stationed both going and return- 
ing from Manila. As early as 1776 
the Spaniards founded and named 
these grounds. There are many 
miles of walks and drives which are 
open to the public, and no more de- 
lightful location could be selected for 
camp, overlooking the bay, and com- 
manding a fine view of the Golden 
Gate. 



deliers of original design with hun- 
dreds of electric lights. The walls 
and ceilings are set with diamonds 
and other precious stones, the pro- 
prietor remarking that he must carry 
a stock of gems and may as well thus 
display them as to exhibit them in 
his show cases. 

The Palace hotel was begun by \V. C 
Ralston in 1874, and completed by 
ex- Senator William Sharon a year 
later. At that time it was the larg- 
est hotel in the world. The Palace 
and Grand are under one manage- 



4 o 



OX THE GOLDEN- SHORE 




1 



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-;-V-- 






Avaion, Catatir.a Island. Ca! 



ment, containing 1,400 rooms, of 
which 900 have bath attached. The 
Palace court permits a dozen vehicles 
to enter at the same time. This gives 
an idea of the immense size of the ho- 
tel, with its great glass arched roof, 
one hundred and fifty feet above. In 
this vast amphitheatre is an open cafe. 
The seven floors of corridors surround 
the court, artistically arranged, with 
a display of tropical plants and grace- 
ful statuary, while in the great depths 
below are myriads of electric lights. 
The inhabitants of a whole township 
from New Hampshire might find 
quarters at this famous hotel and 
would not be noticed in the crowd. 

MT. TAMALPAIS. 

The Mill Valley & Mt. Tamalpais 
Scenic railway is a triumph of engin- 
eering skill. Mt. Tamalpais is in full 
view of San Francisco, and, although 
the mountain is but 3,500 feet above 
the sea, the views equal, if they do 
not surpass, those from our own Mt. 



Washington. The road is eight miles 
in length, steam traction locomotives 
being in use, permitting a high rate 
of speed. When the Double Bow- 
knot, a spot on one of the shoulders 
of the mountain, is reached, the road 
parallels itself five times. It is at 
this point that the Pacific ocean 
comes in view, looking over the 
mountain westward. 

The vast panorama expands every 
moment. Mountain after mountain 
emerges above the horizon. The 
bay of San Francisco opens up. 
Mount Diablo rises slowly above the 
Coast range. The island of Alcatraz, 
Angel Island, San Francisco, Oak- 
land, and Berkeley are plainly seen, 
as is Fort Hamilton, on which the 
Lick observatory is located. The 
scene from the summit certainly 
opens up a most enchanting quarter 
of the world. In mentioning the 
suburbs of San Francisco, Oakland is 
to that city what Brooklyn is to New 
York. The population is over eighty 
thousand. Alameda is a beautiful 



ON THE GOLDEN SHORE. 



4« 



residential section, while Berkeley is 
the seat of the University of Califor- 
nia, and here are found the residences 
of many rich and cultured people. 
The three cities are across the bay, 
with half-hour connections with the 
metropolis. The steamers are the 
largest and the most elegant ferry- 
boats in the world. 

While it will be proper to mention 
the islands of the bay, the most im- 
portant is Alcatraz, inside the Golden 
Gate, guarding the harbor, fortified 
with all the modern enginery of the 
world. A United States Military 
prison is also located on this island. 
Angel island, about seven miles north 
of the city, is also garrisoned by ar- 
tillery and has a government quaran- 
tine station, where the Chinese are 
detained for days after arrival from 
China. There are other islands but 
of less prominence. 



A person from New England, ac- 
customed to our thickly settled sec- 
tions, at first is surprised that the 
charming country is not all covered 
with beautiful homes, but it must be 
remembered that California is yet a 
new state, and in time will come 
perfect development. The thousand 
hills will be dotted with homes and 
every valley will blossom with myri- 
ads of gardens. 

SANTA CATALIXA ISLAND 

is truly a magic island and the great 
resort of the Pacific coast, a charm- 
ing place to visit, as the advantages, 
attractions, and amusements are un- 
like, as well as impossible to be found 
elsewhere. 

The island is three and a half 
hours' ride from Los Angeles, and 
is owned by Messrs. Banning Broth- 
ers, enterprising business men of that 



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Oj' Catch with Rod and R«?el at Catalina Island, Ca! 



1899. 



42 



O.V THE GOLDEN SHORE, 



city. One is reminded of our famous 
Isles of Shoals, only Santa Catalina 
is located thirty miles at sea, and is 
far larger, containing some fifty 
thousand acres. The climate is per- 
fect, the balmy nights being free from 
moisture, and the views of the broad 
Pacific ocean are superb. Marvelous 
submarine pictures are seen through 
glass-bottomed boats, a real, natural 
aquarium, and the waters are so clear 
that myriad forms of vegetation and 
animal life may be seen twelve fath- 
oms below, so beautiful and fairy- 
like as to be indescribable — certainly 
a strange and fascinating panorama 
to witness. 

Banning Brothers are kings as re- 
gards possessions, and especially as 
entertainers. They have upon the 
island 20,000 wild goats and 10,000 
mountain sheep. In addition, they 
are proprietors of the fine hotel, Me- 
tropole, as well as the Wilmington 
Transportation company, with steam- 
ers plying between San Pedro and 
the island. 

There are tugs of war in the water, 



aquatic sports, water carnivals at 
night, pyrotechnic displays, music, 
dancing, and daily open air concerts, 
and other attractions. Coaching at 
sea is certainly a novelty, a carriage 
road having been constructed to Ava- 
lon, some miles distant. Here one 
finds our own six- horse Concord 
coaches, and noted California drivers 
handle the ribbons. 

Hunting the wild goat affords fine 
sport, while the most phenomenal rod 
and reel fishing in the world is here 
found, and the biggest records known 
are made and broken. The fishing 
tournament is open from June until 
September. The Tuna club has 
membership from all sections of 
America and Europe, and holds the 
world's record for deep sea rod and 
reel angling — Tuna, 254 pounds ; 
yellowtail, 55 pounds ; sea bass, 260 
pounds. 

Steamers also come to this harbor 
from canneries for sardines, and in 
an hour's time w T ill land from twenty 
to thirty tons, and this is a daily oc- 
currence in the summer season. 



; * 



ill Mmp^kV^s 

.'■•'-' 1 . ; '>' 7/'. - - ,'iT / 7 ~., 4» . , ■ -r " v 












4.3 



FLAMM.E AMORIS. 
Bv C. C. Lord. 

The frowning sky, the angry blast, 

The pelting storm, from dark clouds cast, 

Grieve the long day, as time creeps past ; 

Yet gentle peace and patience blest, 
The love that smiles within my breast, 
Breathe thee a song, sweet one, my rest. 

Before the hearth, in shelter warm, 

Hnscorised from cold and eke from storm, 

I gaze upon the embers bright, 

That lure the eye, and tempt the sight 

To roam in magic realms, where live 

The themes that thought enchantment give 

This hour time's subtle fancies turn 

To fact evolved in flames that burn 

And flick in weird and lambent lines, 

Half light, half shade, while each combines 

The elements of shifting fire, 

In vision born of rapt desire 

And zeal intent on mystic things, 

Disclosed in light that transport brings ; 

For ever since the world began, 

And rounded out its worth in man, 

Has some quick wit, instinctive, keen, 

Some certain hints historic seen 

Among the embers bright that blaze, 

Now high, now low, on wintry days, 

And to the soul reflective show 

The incidents of weal and woe. 

Sweet one, when time is tone and slow, 

And barren scenes dull care invite, 
With thee my thought, my love doth glow 

Till faith assumes the place of sight, 
And all my heart forgets the long, 
Dull hours a fid lives again in song. 

A lithe flame leaps and swerves, and then 
Presents a form of grace, as when 
A heart, a mind, and life as one, 
In impulse, word, and action clone, 
Conspire in excellence of mien 
To give a soul full virtue, seen 



44 FLAAfM'sE AM0R1S. 

And known of all — the priceless worth 

That culture adds to gifts of birth — 

A woman fair and wise withal : 

Her wealth of worth I thus extol 

In pride that makes conception blest ; 

In her my soul alone has rest — 

Rest from all doubt and dread despair — 

For her peace bides where else were care ; 

For she forsooth and I am found 

Of each the counterpart and bound 

B3 r sudden recognition sweet, 

As thoughts than words are e'er more fleet, 

When friend meets friend, and all is told 

Of blissful love as true as bold. 

fitful time ! O baleful day ! 
Is gain to loss to turn for aye ? 

Lo ! Now the space between grows wide. 

A ship goes out upon the tide 

And ne'er returns, but on a strand 

Is caught and held, by rocks and sand, 

And lingers, beaten by the wave 

Till the deep sea becomes her grave. 

Thus she, my loved one, faints afar, 

Her bark upon life's ocean bar, 

Where billows surge and storm clouds frown. 

And both conspire to bear her down, 

While I deplore a theme of fate 

That gives and takes a friend and mate. 

How blest, wheii toil for respite lo?igis f 

As flies a bird to rest at eve. 
To muse and court the realm of songs, 

To fain the stress of cares relieve, 
And, while repose o'er me doth steal, 
7# sing to thee the love I feel. 

Another flame — a scene in fire 
Dissolves till now a change entire 
Confronts my vision, still intent 
Upon the brightness, form, event, 
And circumstance evolving fast, 
To prove each fact, or first, or last, 
That aids the complement of things 
To shape the whole remembrance brings. 

1 see a maid, of petit grace, 

A slender form, within her face 
A picture of a face that seems 
The subject of my constant dreams, 



I LA MM. E AMORIS. 45 

A lace familiar to my gaze 

Though outward aspect, Hue, and phase 

Are strange, by me unseen before. 

She enters by an open door, 

A tiny one, and I behold 

Her presence, neither shy nor bold, 

Yet poised in conscious selfhood, apt 

To boldness shun, and yet adapt 

Occasion, time, and circumstance 

In greeting, and the hour enhance 

With gladness that with richness dwells. 

A blissful theme my heart compels 

To 3'earnings that demand for aye 

The transport of the passing day. 

The time speeds on, and we have learned 

The arts of confidence, discerned 

Of soul and soul, and, speaking long, 

In schemes of right, in hints of wrong, 

We each to each rehearse the lore 

Of hopes and happenings of yore 

That leave the heart in prospects dim, 

And cite the cause, for her and him, 

That urged the pain that lingers yet 

In care that love can ne'er forget : 

Yet all the time a comfort steals 

Within each soul and there reveals 

The blessedness of time when heart 

To heart responds till all the smart 

Of grief abates and gladness smiles 

Through all the life that care beguiles. 

dismal fate ! Woe be the day ! 

A love comes back the old, old way, 
And leads the dear one from my side. 

1 will not one sweet hope deride 
That springs anew within her breast ; 
I chide my grief, for she has rest ; 
Yet, while she strays from me afar, 

I feel as one whose western star 
At sunset burns but dim and pale, 
While sadness lisps upon the gale. 

Love, thou art happy, it is mom with stm; 
I tune for thee my thoughts that music run : 
Thy heart is peace, it is the sunset fair ; 
I court my ?nuse a?id breathe for thee an air : 
Szi'eei tights and shades of time evoke thy smile. 
And I for thee with song the hours beguile. 



4 6 FLAMMjE amoris. 

The scene dissolves — a flame — a light — 
A shade — presents to second sight 
Still one more transcript of a phase 
Of time's strange, intermittent ways. 
One now comes forth, long time a friend, 
To own some impulse new to blend 
More closely with a heart that feels 
Responsive in the zest that steals 
More deeply into conscious life — 
She comes, a presence rare and rife 
With all that makes a face complete 
In outlines classical, and feat 
Her form in attributes thai bear 
An active elegance most fair. 
I twice her praise, for, full of thought, 
In themes ideal skilled and brought 
To potent excellence of speech, 
Her words describe and aptly teach 
The immanence of art in things 
But common, though discernment brings 
Its evidences oft that bear 
Relationships to things more rare : 
And while she speaks, within her hand 
A pencil moves at art's command 
And traces fast in scheme and line 
The products of a gift divine. 
We walk and talk till, leaning near, 
We smile each other's hearts to cheer 
And urge, love's treasures lost and gone, 
To fate accept and still live on, 
In faith that soars above the ways 
Of passion fitful and all days 
Renews with everlasting peace, 
A gladness found, a grief's release. 
Thus thinking, living, loving, we 
Transition meet, and, as the sea 
Engulfs the hopes of shipwrecked souls, 
We part to seek uncertain goals, 
Each lost to each, and I revolve 
A mystery I never solve. 

When my fond heart would sing to thee, 
If thou but touch the chords and give 

TThteimpuhegtact, then, rhythmic, free, 

And sti'trt, the sffftg exults to live 
And break, O thou precentor rare, 

With joy in some diviner air. 



FLAMMAZ A MORIS. 47 

Ah ! Now my transport grows intense ! 

Betimes a heart has recompense 

Of longing, if it seek some phase 

Of destiny within the blaze 

Of firelight on the hearth. Reward 

Dwells not alone in projects broad 

And high in scope and eminence: 

The barren bounds of tune and sense 

Dissolve before the thoughtless scheme 

That by the fireside seeks a dream. 

What do I see ? A flame presents 

A richer glow, and scenes, events, 

Transpire in rapid, circling change. 

A face and form, both new and strange, 

Objective by the arts of fire, 

That to some grander end aspire. 

Claim adoration, swift, complete, 

As if creative effort feat 

In some transcendent purpose gains 

Its unresisted end — attains 

Conception perfected of skill. 

She woman is in fact and still 

Embodies all the worth that proves 

The wealth divine that now behooves 

In one rare human soul to dwell. 

Life gives her birth, and it is well, 

For all her heart to love is lent, 

And all her mind on truth is bent, 

And all her steps in kindness bear 

Some blessing, as her feet repair 

To prison ceil, to sickly bed, 

To hungry board, to lift the head 

And prop the heart in homeless home. 

Content, rejoiced, is she to roam. 

Through all the avenues of pain, 

That loss may reap diviner gain. 

O wondrous woman ! How my heart 

Ignores the past, its woe, its smart, 

That she can smile on me, a friend, 

And to my captive soul extend 

The greeting known of spirits, keen 

To read the sign for aye unseen 

By eyes that stare without the veil ! 

O rarest one ! How quickly pale 

The lights that glow when day is done ! • 

A shade pursues the setting sun. 



4 8 FLA MM. K A MORIS. 

There is no space to talk and tell 
The heart's deep message. Sickness fell 
Usurps her being. Time flies on 
Its hasty course and she is gone. 
Yet, in her going, something goes 
To leave the heart forlorn that knows 
Diminished pride in time and scene, 
Though days are bright and earth is green. 
Though the rapt spirit yearns and thinks 
Some virtue, dwells in her that links 
The lower to the higher spheres, 
A fond conception of the years. 

I must wake again and sing, 
Mv heart it is a tuneful thing, 

For thou, sweet love, hast struck the key 
And stirred the soul of song in ?ne, 
And hence my thoughts to music rim, 
My song thy praise, thou darling one ! 

The flames now leap, and flick, and burn 

To no fixed purpose seen, and turn 

From fact to fact, from scene to scene, 

Unstable — oscillate, I ween, 

Between alternate hints of thought 

To no persistent object brought. 

A face appears and fades away, 

A form comes forth but not to stay, 

A hand becks far and disappears, 

A voice speaks once, and then my ears 

Greet only silence. Zest is vain 

That in some hrelit theme would gain 

Some magic skill by fate's decree, 

And prove the worth of dreams to me. 

What purpose rules the prospect bale ? 

1 see the end : the embers pale, 
The fire burns low, the flames abate, 
The day glides on, the. hour is late, 
The curtain drops to hide the view, 
My dreams no more their arts renew ; 
My fruitless moods reflective make 

A low complaint, — and thus I wake. 

I would that thou wort here with me 

To thought inspire ; 
Then would a song awake/or thee 

At love' s desire ; 
And, to my heart, poor silent thing, 
For thee earth, air, and sky would sing. 



H1 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FATE 
By shin a W. Young, 



afg=g?J DID not think vou cared," 
»3 Eg] 

ES y Helen Meredith said cold- 

• ly as she glanced into the 
isS) dark, eager face of the 
man at her side. "I was only act- 
ing a part — -pour f asset U temps — and 
fancied you were doing the same. 
Had I known you were in earnest — " 

"Hush!" Jack Hartridge inter- 
rupted hoarsely, "do not lie to me 
with your lips, as you have lied all 
these weeks with your eyes, the 
tones of your voice — leading me on 
into a fool's paradise, until I gave 
my heart, my very life, into your 
keeping.. Acting a part, God help 
me, when I believed "you the incarna- 
tion of truth.'' 

The low, intense voice that carried 
such a tide of reproach from the 
trembling lips suddenly broke and 
Jack covered his face with ids hands. 

14 How dare you speak to me so? 
You forget yourself, " Helen retorted 
haughtily, while a wave of color 
swept over her fair, cold face. 

"Please remember, Mr. Hartridge, 
that I am in nowise responsible for 
the truant proclivities of your too sus- 
ceptible heart, and spare me further 
recrimination. Really from your dis- 
traction of manner one might fancy 
you were on a mimic stage rehears- 
ing high tragedy ! '' 

The soft, contemptuous ripple of 
laughter that accompanied her mock- 
ing words stung Jack keenly ; his 
face flushed and he sprang to his 



feet, his eyes so ablaze with blended 
anger and reproach that, heartless 
woman though she was, Helen 
quailed before them. 

For an instant Jack regarded her 
silently, then, as he gathered his 
nature within his grasp, he said 
slowly : 

lk I am on a stage, Miss Meredith, 
all the world 's a stage ; but 1 am 
living my tragedy in all its bitter 
reality, not rehearsing it. There is 
one in almost every life, and I have 
fallen on mine suddenly and unsus- 
pectingly. God forgive you for the 
role you are playing in it ! Helen, 
Helen," he broke out passionately, 
as again his nature slipped the leash 
of self-control, "I cannot, nay. will 
not believe you are in earnest. Tell 
me I am dreaming, else smitten with 
some strange midsummer madness 
from which I shall awaken to find 
you have given me the priceless 
boon I crave ! " 

He was on his knees again, clutch- 
ing her jeweled hand with a grip 
of steel ; an eager, imploring glance 
flashing from his dark, brilliant 
eyes. 

They v/ere on one of the balconies 
of the grand hotel at Ocean View, 
far removed from the spacious rooms 
and cool arcades where the bands 
discoursed sweet music, and divers 
types of the human face and form 
divine kept time to their bewitching 
strains. 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FATE. 



Jack had coaxed Helen from the 
scene of revelry to this quiet nook, 
where only the sad sea waves, mur- 
muring on the sands below, could 
hear his impassioned wooing. 

They had met by chance some 
months before, and jack's heart, that 
had been proof against the charms 
and seductions of many a better 
woman, succumbed at sight to the 
physical loveliness of this girl who 
had come so unexpectedly into his 
life. 

Though accustomed to seeing men 
dazzled by her beaut}-. Miss Mere- 
dith was greatly flattered by his com- 
plete surrender to her power of fas- 
cination. Handsome, brilliant, and 
intellectual, with large experience, 
and genial courtesy and a certain 
witchery of speech and manner thai 
charmed like the spell of an en- 
chanter, Jack Hartridge constituted 
noble game which Helen Meredith's 
inordinate vanity constrained her to 
captivate. It would be such a tri- 
umph, she told herself, to add this 
man's name to her list of " singed 
moths," and, in so doing, defeat the 
hopes and efforts of the lesser Ruths, 
gleaning in the same fields of flirta- 
tion as herself. 

Her pride and vanity were fully 
gratified when, at the close of the 
season, Jack's silent but devoted 
homage culminated in a passionate 
offer of marriage. 

But there was one drop of gall in 
the spiced wine of life she was just 
then quaffing. 

It had never occurred to her that 
this man, so calm and self-contained, 
would 3 T ield with such utter abandon 
to the power and tyranny of love ; 
and she was conscious of a vague 
feeling of irritation and impatience 



against him for being so terribly in 
earnest. 

" Why can he not accept the in- 
evitable without treating me to such 
a tempest of passion," she thought. 
"He is very handsome and a most 
gallant lover, and I like him very 
much ; why can he not be sensible, 
too, and refrain from any extrava- 
gance that, in the days to come, will 
mar the memory of what has been a 
most delicious summer idyl? " 

It was this reflection, mingling 
with the faintest flickering of re- 
morse, that prompted her to say : 

44 Forgive me if I have pained you- 
Human love is not the growth of 
human will ; though if I were sure I 
had a heart I might be tempted to 
test the truth of that assertion of 
Byron. As it is, I have grave doubts 
whether I possess such an organ. 
Something there is, of course, that 
throbs within me, supporting with its 
crimson currents the feverish dream 
of life, but that is all. So far, it has 
proved itself incapable'of loving, and 
does not know the need of being- 
loved. It may be, however, that 
that something is a heart after all," 
she went on, with a sudden change 
of tone and expression, " and is only 
asleep, waiting for the bugle call of 
the fairy prince to break its perfect 
repose. You are not the enchanted 
prince, Mr. Hartridge, and, once for 
all, I cannot go with you into that 
'new world which is the old.' Hush ! 
I know what you would say, but my 
decision is irrevocable. And, now, 
if you will give me your hand I shall 
return to the ball-room. The band 
has just struck up ' la Mauola ' and 
I promised the waltz to that most 
graceful of dancers. Colonel Blake." 

The hauteur and indifference with 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FATE. 



5i 



which she spoke maddened him. It 
was the supreme moment of his life, 
and, while he in his anguish was 
deaf to all sounds but her low voice 
pronouncing his doom, she sat re- 
gardless of his pain, listening for the 
first notes of a favorite waltz. 

For love of how slight a creature, 
had he staked his lifelong peace and 
content ! He sprang to his feet, his 
face white with suppressed passion, 
and, with a superb gesture of con- 
tempt, lightly dashed aside the hand 
she extended to him. 

11 You are an accomplished actress, 
Miss Meredith, and I congratulate 
you on the success of your little 
play-flirting — shall we call it — under- 
taken, as 3'ou declare r to kill time and 
gratify, you should have added, your 
love for conquest of the genus homo. 
No," with a mocking bow as Helen 
attempted to rise from her chair, 
" you cannot go until you have heard 
ail that I have to say to you. I 
shall not detain you many moments ; 
I think," he added with a bitter 
laugh, "I can venture to assure you 
that before that precious waltz is in 
full blast I shall have finished and 
be ready to resign you to the ex- 
pectant Colonel Blake.'" 

He laid his hand upon her arm 
and looked long and earnestly into 
the cold, beautiful face ; then, draw- 
ing a deep breath, he said slowly, 
with a curious deadened sound in his 
voice : 

"The play is played, Miss Mere- 
dith ; the lights are out and there is 
nothing left for us but to say good-by 
and go our separate ways. After to- 
night you will see me no more. Do 
not mistake my meaning-; 1 have not 
the slightest intention of treating you 
to a sensation by cutting my throat 



or otherwise ending my life, al- 
though, I confess, it has suddenly 
become utterly worthless. Before I 
met you it was full of sweet prom- 
ise, aspiration, and content. But you 
have broken its even tenor, destroyed 
its sweetest dreams, its fairest hopes. 
In the brilliant career which lies be- 
fore you, as you go forth to con- 
quer men's hearts and minds by the 
glamour of your beauty, bear this 
memory with you— -it will be as 
sweetest unction to your conquest- 
loving soul,— that you have utterly 
and wilfully spoiled the ground-work 
of my life ; slain its best impulses, 
and shaken the deep faith I had in 
the truth and loyalty of woman. 
After to-night, I trust I shall never 
look upon your face again. In my 
distant home, in the routine of the 
work I shall pursue, I will endeaver 
to forget you ; but a true love dies 
hard, even though it has been tricked 
and deceived, and not in many 
mouths, not in many coming years 
of bitterness, can that end be at- 
tained. Nay," he continued with a 
weary smile, "I believe that, like 
the poet's Jacqueline, you will never 
wholly leave me but be ' an evening 
thought, a morning dream, a silence 
in my life.' " 

There was a curious thrill in his 
voice, and, in the pause that fol- 
lowed, Helen threw out her hand 
with a deprecating gesture, and sud- 
denly bowed her head so low that he 
could not see the varied emotions her 
face reflected. 

"And, now," he went on in the 
self- restrained tones in which he had 
spoken since his first passionate out- 
break, " good-by and God bless you ! 
Give me your hand, Helen. I have 
held it often before, give it to me 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FATE. 



now in farewell." He caught her 
hand and held it closer than he 
knew. 

"I have said some hard tilings to 
yon, to-night, in my anguish. 1 
shall not ask you to forgive now — 
that were scarce possible — but in the 
future, when the fairy prince has 
arrived on the wings of destiny, and 
your heart awakes at love's call, then 
you will recall this hour, a:id, in 
your \oy, realizing all that I am suf- 
fering in losing you, forgive me." 

"Forgive you! Never!" Helen 
cried, suddenly snatching her hand 
from Jack's and raising a very white 
face to his own. " I shall never for- 
give you for all the odious things 
you have said to me to-night. Why 
could you not be as other men and 
accept the inevitable without making 
me feel so unutterably miserable ? I 
have only amused myself as hun- 
dreds of women amuse themselves 
every year ! Do you suppose their 
little transactions in hearts bear such 
bitter fruit as has fallen to me? You 
charge me with ruining 3 r our life, its 
perfect repose, its sweet content ! 
Do you know we are quits ? That 
you have equally spoiled mine, taken 
the pleasure, the dalliance, the in- 
souciance out of every thing for 
me ? " 

In her passion she had risen from 
her chair and stood before him with 
flashing eyes, and hands tightly 
clasped, as though striving to keep 
back some softer emotion threatening 
to overwhelm her. " I cannot go on 
in the old way," she continued, her* 
voice thrilling with its passionate in- 
tensity, "remembering all you have 
said to me. Forgive you ! Xo, but 
I shall hate you ! I do hate you and 
I am glad you are going ; glad I 



shall never again see the man who 
has dared to arraign me, and whom 
I might have loved had I had a 
heart ! And now let me pass. No, 
thanks. 1 do not need your arm, 
I shall not return to the ball-room. 
Colonel Blake must enjoy his waltz 
with some one else. You have 
spoiled it for me." 

She gathered the sweeping train of 
her satin robe and passed him with 
the step of a princess ; but Jack saw 
the ashen hue was still upon her face 
and that her hands trembled as if 
suddenly stricken with disease. 



The best laid plans of men and 
mice aft gang aglee. Jack Hart- 
ridge realized the truth of the old 
Scotch adage when, after a sleepless 
night, he saw the morning ushered 
in by all the ominous signs that 
betoken the storm king's approach. 
When the hour arrived that should 
have seen him sail on the southward 
bound steamer, the storm was raging 
with such violence that all craft, 
great and small, within the shelter- 
ing docks, kept their anchors cast, 
not caring to brave the maddened 
elements. Such a gale had seldom 
been experienced on that sea-girt 
shore, and many an old tar, accus- 
tomed to the dangers and terrors of 
the briny deep, shook his head fore- 
bodingly as he watched the fury of 
its course. The bay that only a few 
hours before had been so blue and 
placid was now a mass of black and 
turbulent water. The wind shrieked 
and roared in frenzied rage, and 
chanted its undertone of sorrow with 
a weird, uncanny sound ; the rain 
fell in torrents and the lightning 
flashed sharp and keen ; deafening 
peals of thunder shook the deep to 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH EATE. 



53 



its foundations, while above the noise 
and roar of it all rose the sullen 
boom of the surf, as it broke on the 
beach. 

The storm was at its height when 
there was a sudden break in the veil 
of mist and rain, and, through the 
clearance, a vessel was discerned 
aground on the treacherous sands 
that lay close beside the harbor 
bar ; and from her dismantled masts 
streamed signals of distress. 

Notwithstanding the violence of 
the gale a number of people had 
gathered on the beach ; the brave 
fisher-folk and pilots on the look-out 
for in-coming craft ; gentlemen from 
the hotel and private residences, 
with, here and there, a dotting of 
women who were anxiously watch- 
ing for loved ones abroad on that 
mad sea. 

No sooner was the vessel sighted 
than preparations for her rescue were 
begun. It was almost impossible for 
a boat to live in such turbulent 
waters, bur the pilots and fishermen 
did not stop to count the dangers 
they should have to encounter in 
their efforts to rescue the stranded 
ship. Neither did the other men, 
refined and elegant in appearance — 
but bearing in their soft, fair hands 
the grip of stee] tempered by the cool 
courage and resolute daring which 
are so pre-eminently the distinctive 
traits of true manhood. 

As soon as Jack Hartridge saw 
that one of the boats was ready for 
launching he hastened to join the 
men commanding her. 

" Let me give you a helping hand, 
my friends," he said, speaking as 
quietly as if it were a pleasure trip 
he proposed taking. 

"It is an awful sea, sir," the pilot 



answered, then stopped as his eyes 
ran over the tall, well-built figure, 
the calm dauntless face. " H "11 do," 
was the muttered comment ; then he 
said aloud : "All right, sir, we need 
strong arms and. brave hearts for the 
work before us." 

It was early morning but the dark- 
ness of night had fallen over sea and 
land. The gale howled and roared 
and the waves seemed to hiss in 
derision as the men made several 
ineffectual attempts to launch the 
boat. At length, after a desperate, 
stubborn effort, the small craft struck 
the water, and, caught up by a 
huge billow, spun like a cork on its 
crest ; then plunged deep into the 
trough of the sea and, finally rising 
to the top of another angry wave, 
suddenly darted through the foaming 
brine and came within reach of the 
men waiting to embark. 

Then followed a struggle and buf- 
fet for dear life ; and, for a time, it 
seemed inevitable that one and all on 
that frail boat would find an ocean 
grave. 

As Jack Hartridge looked over the 
stormy waste of water he felt how 
slight were the chances for life ; how 
strong those for death ! ' ' Would 
she care if I found oblivion in the 
coral caves of old Neptune ? '■ he 
wondered, looking shoreward as if 
seeking through the darkness for one 
last glimpse for the woman he loved. 
" Would one regret escape her proud 
lips, one tear dim her glorious eyes? '" 
Then he laughed aloud at what he 
termed his idiocy in supposing that 
even the shadow of regret would 
cross her face should they tell her 
he was dead. 

Terrible as was the strain on the 
gallant boat, she battled bravely with 



54 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FATE. 



the waves, and, after several narrow 
escapes from being swamped, took 
matters, as it were, under her own 
control, and. steadying herself, darted 
like a thing of reckless life across 
the waters, stopping only to strug- 
gle with some tremendous swell, or 
change her course as the white- 
lipped, foaming furies of the sea gave 
warning of breakers ahead. 

Among the men who risked their 
lives in behalf of the stranded ves- 
sel's crew none surpassed Jack Hart- 
ridge in reckless daring and success- 
ful effort. Wherever the sea lashed 
its waves in greatest fury there Jack 
made his way, disputing and despoil- 
ing the sea-god of his victims. Xot 
until ever}- shipwrecked man had 
been rescued and transferred to the 
life-boats, did Jack think of himself. 
He was standing on the ill-fated 
vessel alone, awaiting the approach 
of the boat and watching the others 
as they fought their way Shoreward, 
when a tremendous wave struck the 
boat, boating it down into the black 
fathomless vortex that yawned to en- 
gulf it. The mad, boiling waves, as 
they rushed over the ship, swept 
Jack far beyond the scene of disaster, 
and a spar, caught up by the wild 
gale and hurled across the waters, 
struck him just as he, worn and ex- 
hausted by his efforts in behalf of 
others, was battling for his own life 
with the mighty billows. When one 
of the boats succeeded in reaching 
him he was to all appearance dead. 
A stream of blood oozed from his left 
temple, and his face was as white as 
if Death had already laid his icy 
hand upon him. 

The day was drawing to its close 
when Jack awoke to consciousness 
and found himself lying in a fisher- 



man's cottage. They had borne him 
there, the nearest house at hand, on 
landing, believing that life was al- 
most if not quite extinct. All that 
medical skill could devise and warm, 
sympathetic hearts suggest was done 
to fan the feeble spark of life still 
glowing within the breast of the 
storm-beaten man. But for hours 
his life hung by a single thread. 
The bruises he had received were of 
a serious nature, and these, with his 
protracted unconsciousness, awoke 
grave fears amongst his friends. 

The story of all he had dared and 
achieved that da}- had been told, 
again and again, by grateful hearts 
until the one topic of conversation in 
those island homes was Jack Hart- 
ridge s heroism. Many persons has- 
tened to the cottage with offers of 
assistance ; but the room in which 
he lay was small, and, on the plea of 
securing quiet and plenty of air for 
his patient, the physician succeeded 
in clearing the apartment and rele- 
gating the care of Jack to the fish- 
erman's wife, a motherly soul, with 
plenty of common sense and experi- 
ence in such cases as his. 

When, at length, Jack awoke the 
storm had abated. The rain was no 
longer falling, but the lurid light 
shining in the west showed a stormy 
sky ; the wind still shrieked in wild 
uproar, and the surf boomed deep 
and sullen on the beach below. 

With Jack's new lease on life came 
the sharp sting of memory, and, as 
his mind reverted to the woman he 
loved and had lost, and he recalled 
how nearly he had escaped from the 
burden and conflict of a life that, he 
told himself, would be henceforth joy- 
less, he almost wished he had met 
his death in the grasp of old ocean. 



LOVE IN SEQUEL WORKS WITH FA 7k 



55 



Through the danger and excite- 
ment of the day he had been haunted 
"by the recollection of his last inter- 
view with Helen: and, when the 
waves swept him from the sinking 
bark, it was not of death lie thought 
but of her, the siren, who had given 
him scorn for love : in that supreme 
moment her pale, cold, beautiful face 
was still before him, her name the 
last upon his lips. His nurse had 
left him on some hospitable thought 
intent, and as he lay alone musing 
on the past that held so much, and 
on the future so utterly empty, the 
.shadows deepened and, yielding to 
the drowsiness creeping over him, he 
slept. 

So still was he, with closed eyes 
and the marble hue of death upon 
his face, that no wonder Helen Mere- 
dith, standing on the threshold of his 
room, believed he had already fallen 
into the dreamless sleep. 

She had come to him, through the 
storm and darkness, determined to 
make shipwreck of her pride and im- 
plore his forgiveness while she con- 
fessed that at last when she had 
heard of his deadly peril her heart 
had asserted itself and proclaimed 
him its prince. And now he was 
•dead and would never know how 
deeply she repented the vanity and 
•egotism that had prompted her to 
trifle with his noble heart. With a 
low cry she threw herself on her 



knees beside his bed and broke into 
an agony of weeping. 

11 Dead ! dead I " she sobbed, <l and 
he will never know how well I love 
him ! Jack ! dear Jack ! speak to me, 
if only to say you forgive." In the 
utter abandon of grief she yielded to 
a sudden impulse and laid her lips to 
his. 

Had life's feverish dream indeed 
been waning for Jack Hartridge that 
voice and that touch would have 
stayed its course. Even as Helen 
spoke his eyes opened, doubt, amaze- 
ment, flashing in their depths; then, 
as he grasped, all the sweet assurance 
her words conveyed, a swift, sudden 
radiance shone on his face. 

" Helen ! Sweetheart [Is it really 
so?" he cried, his voice quivering 
with its hoarded love and passion — 
its surprised delight. "Can it be I 
have been dreaming ; or has my darl- 
ing after all been playing only a 
part ? " 

Tearful and full of self-scorn was 
the confession that Helen made ; full 
and free the absolution Jack granted. 

"And thus," he said, drawing the 
fair face down to his, " ' love in sequel 
works with fate ; ' the charm that 
lay upon the heart of the enchanted 
princess is broken, and I have won 
my wife." 

For answer she placed her hand in 
his, and so passed with him into that 
" new world which is the old." 




$~& 



THK FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



At Odiorne's Point, in Portsmouth, on Saturday, October 2r, was unveiled a modest, yet sub- 
stantial, granite memorial, on the site of the first white settlement in New Hampshire, made in 
May. 1623, the same having- beer, erected through the efforts and under the auspices of the New 
Hampshire branch of the Colonial Dames of America, Mrs. Arthur H. Clarke of Manchester, 
president. Appropriate exercises were held in connection with the ceremony, and the follow- 
ing address was delivered by the lion. Joseph B. Walker of Concord: 









UMAX society first existed in 

tribal organizations. These, 

£•3 p\ fci 

>!J HJ| in time, were consolidated 

^•^/ ' into nationalities. . Nation- 
alities, first formed in the far East, 
moved westward. It is easy to trace 
their progress : Babylon, Egypt. As- 
syria, Persia, Greece, the empire of 
Rome, and the states of Europe. 
The star of empire, like the star of 
the Messiah, arose in the east and, 
with grandeur, moved westward. 

This movement seems to have been 
arrested, for a time, at the western 
shore of the Atlantic, and it ma)* sur- 
prise us, perhaps, that it delayed so 
long to cross this ocean. But it 
should not, for its progress was ever 
slow. There is a reach of 500 years 
from Qyrus to Augustus ; of 800 
from Augustus to Charlemagne, and 
from Charlemagne to William of Nor- 
mandy nearly 500 more. 

But, at length, in the great current 
of events, the advent of the sixteenth 
century brought to the eastern shore 
of North America nationality and 
civilization, before which aboriginal 
barbarism reluctantly withdrew. 
While the Indian retreat was a sad 
one, its story is not the one we are 
to rehearse to-day. We are here to 



commemorate, rather, the advent of 
new institutions to a new world. 

Some attempts at colonization along 
the Atlantic coast of what is now the 
United States had been made in the 
previous century, but with slight suc- 
cess. The Spaniards had founded 
St. Augustine, in Florida, as early 
as 1565. The French attempted a 
settlement at Port Royal, in 1562, 
and Sir W r alter Raleigh another at 
Roanoke island, in 1585 ; but the 
first two were of slight account, and 
the inhabitants of the last w r ere lost 
in the woods. 

The first successful English settle- 
ment on the, Atlantic coast was that 
of Jamestown, in Virginia, in 1607. 
The first upon that of New England 
was made by the Pilgrims, at Ply- 
mouth, in 1620. The first upon the 
coast of New Hampshire was made 
at Odiorne's Point, in the spring of 
1623. It is with this that we are in- 
terested to-day. 

The region about the mouth of the 
Piscataqua and the Isles of Shoals 
was quite well-known in France and 
England scores of years before 1623. 
The Brittany fishermen had, for a 
long time, made annual visits to it, 
and returned to their homes when 



FfJ?ST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



0/ 



their fares had been completed. 
Martin Pring examined the country 
upon the river for some miles inland 
as early as 1603 ; Champlain was 
here two years afterwards, in 1605 ; 
Capt. John Smith sailed up and 
down the New England coast in 
1614, and afterwards made a care- 
ful report of his explorations. But 
none of these made permanent settle- 
ments. 

According to the latest authorities 
to which I hr.ve had access, on the 
16th da}* of October, 1622, David 
Thomson, of Plymouth, in England, 
received from the council of New 
England a patent for six thousand 
acres of land and one island in New 
England. On the 14th day of De- 
cember following (1622) he made a 
contract, which is still preserved, 
wuth these merchants of Plymouth in 
relation to the occupation and man- 
agement of this territory. 1 

In accordance with this, earh' in 
the spring of 1623, Thompson came 
to this countiy with a small body of 
men and began a settlement here at 
Odiome's Point near Little Harbor. 
What induced him to locate at this 
particular spot I know not. Pre- 
sumably it was on account of the 
fishing and trading facilities which it 
afforded. Here, he erected fish 
rlakes and buildings for carrying on 
the business of fishing, trading, and 
the manufacture of . salt. He re- 
mained here until 1626, when he 
removed to his island, before men- 
tioned, in Boston harbor, where he 
died about two years later. 

This was the first permanent Eng- 
lish settlement upon the New Hamp- 



1 See Indenture of David Thomson with Abraham 
Colmer, Nicholas Sherwill, and Leonard Pomery, 
Mass. Hist.. Soc. Proceedings, Vol. 14, p. 



shire coast. None of the structures 
erected by Thomson now remains. 
The ^ite of a smith shop has been 
discovered, and that of a house, 
sometimes spoken of as " Mason's 
Manor House," has been approxi- 
mately fixed. A spring may still be 
seen, and a very ancient burying- 
ground, which contains some forty 
very old appearing graves, marked 
by rough head and foot stones. 
Some of these may, possibly, be 
graves of Thomson's men. 

As one looks down upon them, he 
is reminded of the startling figures of 
the mailed knights recumbent with 
crossed legs upon the pavement of 
the old Temple church in London. 
And he cannot refrain from asking 
them of the early fortunes of this an- 
cient settlement, in which we all feel 
so deep an interest. But, unlike the 
lips of Longfellow's ' ; Skeleton in 
Armor," at P A all River, theirs are 
mute and give no answers. 

It is by no means strange that so 
little remains of this ancient planta- 
tion, for its business ere long moved 
up the west shore of the river and 
established itself at Strawberry Bank, 
where, from this humble beginning, 
the grand old town of Portsmouth 
has arisen ; always the commercial 
metropolis of New Hampshire, and 
for a hundred years its provincial 
capital. 

Fit was it that the landing place of 
these pioneers should be suitably 
marked by a durable monument. 
Honor and thanks to the Colonial 
Dames of America in New Hamp- 
shire for their efforts of love and 
patriotism now crowned with such 
eminent success. Hail, and hail 
again, to the monument which you 
now unveil to dwellers upon sea and 



58 



THE ANTHEM, 



land, to mark the advent of civiliza- 
tion to tliis shore ! Century after cen- 
tury may it firmly stand, and connect 
with a lengthening bond the reced- 
ing- past and the advancing future ! 
For ages upon ages may the blush 
of earliest morning bathe it in rosy 
light and the last ray of sunset lin- 
ger in benediction upon it ! 

The subject of marking this im- 
portant spot was quite freely dis- 
cussed some twenty-five 3-ears ago 
by parties interested in our early 
history. Mr. John Lang-don Klwin, of 
Portsmouth, a gentleman well-known 
to many of you as a learned anti- 
quarian and historian, was deeply in- 
terested in the project, and brought 
the matter to the attention of mem- 
bers of the New Hampshire Histori- 
cal Society, li 1 am not mistaken, 
some letters in relation to it passed 
between him and the society's cor- 
responding secretary, the late Dr. 
Bouton. Could these be found they. 
might afford evidence of the note- 
worthy fact that Mr. El win's idea of 
the kind of monument most suitable 
for this purpose was similar to that 
adopted by the members of this hon- 
orable society, --a substantial granite 
shaft, with fractured surfaces, bear- 



ing upon a polished panel a brief 
record of the event which it was 
reared to commemorate. 

Hitherto, our Colonial history has 
received less attention than it has de- 
served. Latterly, however, the dis- 
covery and careful study of very 
many early authentic records have 
brought new facts to light. These, 
displayed upon the pages of such 
authors as Charles Deane, Parkman, 
John Fiske, and others, have ren- 
dered this part of our national story 
attractive. 

It is to be hoped that as the early 
colonizations of the eastern border 
of our national domain become better 
known that the Colonial Dames of 
other states will emulate your exam- 
ple, and that, as a reward of your de- 
votion, you may see such a line of 
monuments as you have this day 
dedicated extending along our whole 
Atlantic shore, from St. Croix to St. 
Augustine ; monuments in memory 
of bold pioneers, whose successors, in 
less than three centuries, have cre- 
ated a nation, whose territory, reach- 
ing from ocean to ocean, embraces 
every clime, and where people are 
the peers of the noblest which time 
has yet produced. 



THE ANTHEM. 



By Samuel Hoyt. 

The wind, the giant harper, 
Lay hold of his forest-harp ; 

He tried the trees with his fingers, 
Lightly at first — then sharp 

He twanged one strong " harmonic,' 
To try ii they were in tune, 

And they bowed like sable courtiers, 
In the light of the winter moon. 



THE ANTHEM. 59 

And then he played an anthem 

That was heard from hill to sea — 
Softly the topmost branches 

Voiced his wild melody, 

Then a loud diapason, 

Full-toned, and round, and. deep. 
Like the sound of a might}' organ. 

Rolled down the mountain- steep. 

Again the trees he gathered, 

And held them tense and strong. 
Then set them free, and, rushing 

The rocky slopes along, 

The strange, weird chords resounded 

Through all the frosty land, 
As if some -sky-born Wagner 

Flung chaos from his hand ; 

And the hamlets quaked with terror, 

And the sea awoke with wrath, 
And the beasts wailed in their caverns 

Along the mountain path. 

From hill to hill they echoed, 

From hill to the distant main, 
Till nature seemed all throbbing 

With the pulse of the mad refrain. 

And then the harper, laughing. 

Gave o'er his wilder mood — 
He played a soft andante 

Through all the shuddering wood, 

That stole out on the silence 

With the sweet voice of a lute — 
The "Amen" of the anthem — 

Then all the air was mute. 



J* „£*«? 









^ 



5? 



(CO 



LIFE 



By F> 



ALUn 



Morning and noontime, night, and peace ; 

Across the years God's purpose falls, 
And that which morning gave shall cease 

Not while for strength the noontide calls, 
Or while the silent- winged night 
At evening time shall call for light. 



fl| :. SI^j5^ _^^rv: 







■^ .-3Sj» 




DR. ELLIOTT COUES. 

Elliott Coues, one of the most famous naturalists of his time, and the lead- 
ing American ornithologist, who died at the Johns Hopkins hospital, Baltimore, 
Md., December 25, was a native of Portsmouth, born September 9, 184.2. 

He was a son of Samuel Elliott Coues. a scientist and author of note, who 
removed with his family to Washington, D. C, in 1853, where the young man was 
educated at the Jesuit Seminary now known as Gonzaga College, and at the 
Columbian University, graduating from the academic department of the latter in 

1861. and from the medical department in 1S63. While still a medical student, in 

1862, he entered the United States Army as medical cadet., and after service in 
one of the hospitals in Washington, was appointed as assistant surgeon in the 
United States Army, retaining that office until his resignation on November 17, 
1 88 1. His hrst post of duty was in Arizona, followed in 1S66 by three years* 
service as post surgeon at Columbia, S. C. In both places he investigated the 
natural history of the region, and published various scientific papers. 

In 1869 he was chosen professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Nor- 
wich University, Vt. Later, in 1873. whiL on duty at Fort Randall, Dak., as post 
surgeon, he was appointed surgeon and naturalist of the United States Northern 
Boundary Commission, which surveyed the line along the 49th parallel from the 



MEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY, 61 

Lake of the Woods to the Rocky mountains, being engaged two years, after 
which he returned to Washington and prepared a report of his scientific opera- 
tions. Subsequently he served as secretary and naturalist of the United States 
Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, under the late Dr. F. V. 
Ilayden. He edited the publications uf the Survey from 1S76 to 1S80, mean- 
while conducting zoological explorations in the W r est, and publishing several 
volumes, including " Birds of the Northwest," " Fur-Hearing Animals,'' and '-Birds 
of the Colorado \ alley." At about this time he was ordered by the War Depart- 
ment to medical duty on ihe frontier. He soon returned to Washington and 
tendered his resignation, to continue his scientific work. 

Dr. Coues was a member of most of the scientific societies of the United 
States, and of several of Europe. He was elected to the National Academy of 
-Sciences in 1877, and was for some years the youngest academician. The same 
year saw his election to the chair of anatomy of the National Medical College in 
Washington, which position he retained for ten years. He was the first professor 
in Washington to teach human anatomy upon the broadest basis of morphology 
and upon the principle of evolution. 

Dr. Coues became interested in the phenomena of spiritualism, and for some 
years he was an enthusiastic theosophist, a friend and coadjutor of Mme. Blavat- 
sky, but later he lost his interest in theosophy. He was a believer in the main 
principles of evolution in the held of science, and proposed to use scientific 
methods to explain the obscure phenomena of hypnotism, telepathy, etc. He 
wrote a work called "Biogen: A Speculation on the Origin and Nature of Life.*' 
In 1S84, while visiting England, he became a member of the British Society of 
Psychical Research. After his return for several years he was employed as one 
of the experts on the Century Dictionary, having charge of the departments of 
biology, zoology, and comparative anatomy. The culmination of his prodigious 
activity was his editing the journals of Lewis and Clark, by which he was led 
to perform a like service for other classical works of exploration in our trans- 
Mississippi territory, and for kindred unpublished documents of great value and 
interest. He received the degree of A. M., M. D., and Ph. D., from Columbian 
University. 

WILLIAM B. GALE. 

William Eoynton Gale, bom in South Hampton. N. H., August 8, 1829, died 
in Boston, Mass., December 26. 1899. 

Mr. Gale was the son of a prosperous carriage manufacturer doing business at 
Amesbury, Misss. He was educated mainly by private instructors; studied law at 
the Harvard Law School and with Pierce & Fowler of Concord, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1853, locating in practice, in July of that year, at Marlboro, Mass., 
where he hod his home for twenty-five years, meanwhile establishing a reputation 
as one of the most successful practitioners at the Massachusetts bar, especially 
in the field of criminal jurisprudence, although it is said that he had no special 
fondness for that line of practice, but followed it from force of circumstances. 

lor twenty years past he was a resident of Boston, removing to that city as a 
matter of professional convenience, and having his home first at the Revere House 



62 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

and later at the Vendome. " During his career as a lawyer he was connected as 
counsel with more than twenty-five noted capital cases, and was seldom unsuccess- 
ful in the defence of a client. He had no superior in Massachusetts as a jury 
lawyer. 

Although not without deep interest in political affairs, Mr. Gale never became 
a candidate for public office; but was grand chancellor of the Knights of Pythias 
of -Massachusetts, in 1875. and supreme representative in 1877. He was a warm 
admirer and close friend of the late Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, and delighting in 
travel, and especially in life upon, the water, spent much time with the General 
upon the famous yacht America. 

Mr. Gale lost his wife arid only son by death some, years since, and his only 
near surviving relative is a sister. Miss Louise Gale of Lawrence. Mass. 

JOSEPH BARNARD. 

Joseph Barnard, one of the best known agriculturists of the state, born in Hop- 
kinton, November 11, 1S17, died in that town December 26, 1S99. 

Mr. Barnard was a son of Joseph and Miriam (Eastman) Barnard, and a grand- 
son of Joseph Barnard of Amesbury, Mass., who settled in Hopkinton in 176^ 
and cleared up the farm, which always remained in the family, upon which the 
deceased spent most of his life, and on which his father attained celebrity as a 
breeder of pure blood Saxony sheep, winning prizes for the same at the World's 
Fair in London, and at the New York Institute. He was associated with his 
father in breeding Guernsey cattle, they being among the first and most suc- 
cessful breeders in this line in the country. October 26, 1849, *^ r - Barnard 
married Maria, daughter of Abial Gerrish of Boscawen. They had nine children 
of whom four survive, a son, George E. Barnard, now being the proprietor of the 
homestead from who:- e active management Mr. Barnard retired sometime since. 

For many years Mr. Barnard was actively engaged in lumbering. In 1S49 ne 
was building agent of the Contoocook Valley Railroad, and was subsequently, for 
many years, a fire loss adjuster for the Northern and Boston & Maine roads. He 
was active in military matters in the old militia days and was enrolling officer for 
the Twentieth New Hampshire district during the War of the Rebellion. 

He was a member of the Congregational church of Hopkinton, and a Repub- 
lican in politics, but out of sympathy with 1 is party for sometime previous to his 
death. He represented his town in the legislature in 1870 and 187 1, and was 
a member of the Constitutional Convention of 18S9. ^ e was a charter member 
of L'nion Grange, P. of H., of Hopkinton, and remained in active membership 
until the infirmities of age induced withdrawal. He had long been an. interesting 
contributor to the press upon agricultural and forestry topics. 

WILLIAM F. HEAD. 

t 
William F. Head, son of Colonel John and Anna (Brown) Head, born in 

Hooksett, September 25, 1832, died in that town December 1899. 

Mr. Head was a younger brother of the late Governor Natt Head, and was the 

lifelong associate of the latter in business as a farmer and brickmaker, the opera- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 63 

tions of the firm in the hitter direction being very extensive. He was a Republi- 
can in politics, but not particularly active in political affairs, devoting his atten- 
tion quite strictly to business. He served two years as a member of the Hooksett 
board of selectmen, was a representative in the legislature in 1869 and 1870, and 
a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1876. He was also a director of 
the First National bank of Manchester and of the Suncook Valley Railroad. He 
was a prominent Mason, having joined Eureka Lodge ot Concord in 1863; was a 
charter member of Jewell Lodge of Suncook, and a member of Trinity Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, of Manchester. 

November 4, 1S53, Mr. Head married Sally Gault Sargent of Allenstown, who 
survives him with one sen, Eugene S. Head, and one daughter. Sally. 

JAMES P. WHITTLE, M. D. 

James Peterson Whittle was born in Weare, September 26, 1836. and died in 
the same town December 29, 1899. 

He received his early education in the common schools of his native town, 
part of the time under the instruction of Moses C. Cartland. He graduated from 
the Castleton Vermont Medical College in JS59; practised at Hillsborough Bridge 
and Manchester hve years, when he returned to Weare and entered partnership 
with his uncle, Dr. James Peterson, and since the death of the latter, in 1870, has 
been the only homeopathic physician in Weare. He was a Chapter Mason, a 
a member of the 1. O. O. F. and several other similar organizations, and repre- 
sented his town in the legislature in 18S1 and 1SS2. 

He was a man of most generous impulses and kindly disposition, and leaves a 
wide circle of friends. 

He is survived by four daughters and three grandchildren, also by one sister. 
Mary P., widow of the late Joseph Prescott of Concord, and a brother, J. William, 
who also resides in Weare. 

CHARLES W. BALDWIN. 

Charles W. Baldwin, sheriff of the county of Belknap, died at his residence 
in Laconia, December 13. 1899. 

Mr. Baldwin was a native of Hillsborough, born April 3, 1838, but removed to 
Laconia, then Meredith Bridge, when a boy. During the Rebellion lie served in 
the Illinois cavalry and artillery throughout the entire war, and was a member 
of John L. Perley Post, G. A. R., of Laconia. Politically he was an earnest 
Republican, and had served as supervisor under the town government in Laconia. 
and subsequently as ward supervisor and selectman. He was chosen sheriff of 
the county at the last election, and assumed his office last April. He leaves a 
widow, two sons and a daughter. 

HON. LEONARD P. REYNOLDS. 

Leonard P. Reynolds, a prominent citizen and active Democrat of Man- 
chester, died in that city December 20. 

Mr. Reynolds was a son of Peter and Mary Reynolds of New Boston, born 



64 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

September 12, 1052. When he was about eleven years of age his parents 
removed to Manchester, where after attending school for a time he learned the 
carpenter's trade with A'lpheus Gay. Subsequently he engaged in mercantile 
business, and was for the last fifteen years of his life in the tobacco trade. 

lie was actively interested in politic.-,, as a Democrat, from youth; served 
repeatedly in both branches of the Manchester city government, also in the state 
house of representatives, and one term in the state senate. lie was also at one 
time street commissioner in Manchester , and for many years a member of the 
Democratic State Committee. 

EMM^ A. TWITCHELL, 

Emma A., wife of Gen. A. S. Twitchell of Gorham, died at her home on Pros- 
pect Terrace in that town, December 14, 1S99. after an illness of two weeks, from 
pneumonia followed by paralysis. 

Mrs. Twitchell was the daughter of Parker and Persis C. Rowland of Fran- 
conia, born April 7, 1848. The family removed to Littleton soon after her birth, 
a lid to Gorham when she was seven years of age, where she ever after had her 
home, uniting in marriage with General Twitchell. May 7, 1868. She was the 
mother of two children, a son who died in May, 1883, at the age of eight years, 
and a daughter, Rita May. born May 16, 1SS9, who survives. Mrs. Twitchell 
was strongly domestic in her tastes and inclinations, and her home and family 
held the first place in her heart ;' but a wide circle of friends and acquaintances 
mourn her departure. One brother, Ora P. Rowland of Gorham, as well as her 
bereaved husband and daughter, survives her. 

DEA. JOHN B. FLANDERS. ' 

John B. Flanders, for forty-five years past a deacon of the First Baptist church 
of Concord, died November 28, 1899. 

Deacon Flanders was a native of Peterborough, born November 8, 1824. He 
had been an employee of the Abbot-Downing Company of Concord since 1850; 
was a member of White Mountain Lodge, I. O. O. F., of Concord, was a member 
of the Concord common council in 1S60, and a representative in the legislature 
in 1879. 



GrS"-(cfe 









MRS. LUCIA MEAD PRIEST. 
President oj the Manchester Federation of Mmen'j Chris 



<£7 



THE uRANITn AOHTIII^I. 



Vol. XXVIII. 



FEBRUARY. 



1900. 



No. 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 
By Mertie Alice Emerson, B. A. 



gjFON the summit of yonder 

fmk SI distant hill methinks I see a 
„ \ M maiden, standing: in statu- 
=^^=J esque dignity, her face and 
figure illumined by the mellow light 
which the glory of the departing sun 
sheds upon her. See her as she 
turns her eyes to the horizon where 
the radiant orb still lingers, unwill- 
ing to lose sight of the beautiful 
vision. Behind her lies a long and 
devious pathway, stretching down 
through the dim vista of the past 
and lighted here and there with some 
beacon light of achievement which 
has helped her to trace her course, 
until, at last, she has gained the 
eminence from which she can look 
back upon the scenes of her labor 
and her care. Before her lies an- 
other stretch of country, transformed 
now by the shafts of light, but here 
the pathway grow T s less and less dis- 
tinct, until it, too, is finally lost in 
the mists of uncertainty. The pres- 
ent only seems real to this solitary 
maiden, yet, as she meditates, the 
varying emotions which are regis- 
tered upon her facile countenance are 



indicative of the changing scenes 
which she has witnessed. You ask 
me who she is — this royal princess, 
who, from her lofty station, looks 
down upon the vacillating fortunes 
of struggling humanity? Her name 
is History, and the crest of the hill 
upon which she stands is the bound- 
ary line between the old and the new. 
The last faint glimmers of the light 
of a receding century bathe her with 
their parting beams. 

But what sees she, as with the 
glance of retrospection she scans the 
broad and varied country at her feet? 
On the very horizon she sees confu- 
sion, and hears the faint echoes of 
the stirring scenes of the French 
Revolution. She sees mothers and 
daughters employed from morn till 
eve in their household duties. She 
sees them as they manufacture all 
the materials for clothing, brave and 
uncomplaining at their narrow lot. 
Without social life, with few oppor- 
tunities for travel or learning, with 
only an occasional visit to the nearest 
centres of civilization, with hardly 
any books, the women lived, happy 



6S 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER 



in their privileges as home-makers. 
As the glance travels nearer the 
point of observation the pathway 
widens, the opportunities for culture 
increase. Science makes phenome- 
nal discoveries, new avenues for labor 
are opened, woman finds herself com- 
ing to be recognized as a factor in 
not only social but intellectual and 
economic life, until, at length, she 
stands in the unassailable position 
which she holds to-day. 

If such is the general record which 
the genius of History makes of the 
advancing years, the historian of a 
single line of progress finds the trend 
of events to be little different. Es- 
pecially is this true in the realm of 
women's clubs which have now be- 
come prominent features of eit}~ and 
country life. Xew Hampshire is not 
behind in these matters, and has a 
large number of active and progres- 
sive clubs which are each year add- 
ing to the culture of the state. In 
point of numbers Manchester leads 
the list, having nineteen clubs con- 
nected with the Federation, beside 
many other clubs with varying ob- 
jects, which have not affiliated them- 
selves with the organized body. 

THE MANCHESTER FEDERATION OF 
women's CLUBS 

is a nucleus around which the broad- 
er interests and activities of the indi- 
vidual clubs have gathered. It owes 
its inception to the lofty ambitions 
and broad sympathies of many promi- 
nent ladies in the city, having been 
organized chiefly through the ini- 
tiative of the Manchester Shakes- 
peare club, that brilliant star which 
gleamed so long in solitary beauty in 
the dawn of club life, while under the 
presidency of Mrs. Lydia A. Scott. 



&*•. 



*> 



\\ 



:v--. 



Mrs. Lydia A. Scott. 

Past President of the Shakespeare Clhb, 
and Projector of the Federation. 



Formally organized in 1895, for two 
years it was under the able direction 
of Mrs. Melusina Varick. In 1895 
it was federated and has gone on in- 
creasing in strength and numbers 
until to-day there are 350 ladies en- 
rolled upon its books. Mrs. Varick 
was succeeded by Mrs. Olive Rand 
Clarke, who performed the various 
duties devolving upon her with care 
and satisfaction, thereby winning for 
herself the gratitude of the members. 
Mrs. Lucia Mead Priest, the present 
incumbent, is now serving her sec- 
ond term in the capacity of president. 
Through her earnest and persevering 
efforts the affairs of the Federation 
have been administered in an econo- 
mical and business-like way, and the 
organization has become a powerful 
factor in elevating the standards of 
taste in the city. 

Although not formed until after the 
organization of many of the clubs, it 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER, 



69 



has gained support from them and 
has brought great advantages with 
it. Its object is broadly altruistic 
and not selfish as some may be led to 
suppose. Its transcendent aim is to 
bring to the women connected with 
it, and to the community at large, 
educational advantages accruing 
from concerts and lectures which 
otherwise would be beyond their 
reach. Through the lectures, which 
embrace all the departments of hu- 






- 



j 



- 



ers. and broadly educated men and 
women, authorities in their respec- 
tive departments, bring to their hear- 
ers, and thus to the community, new 
ideas otherwise unattainable. In 
saying this has been the effect, one 
• iocs no, simply philosophize, for tan- 
gible results have already been at- 
tained. The progress has, of course, 
been gradual, since such ends can- 
not be immediately attained. 

" We build the ladder by which we rise 
>"rot.i the lowly earth to the vaulted skies, 
And mount to its summit round by round." 

It has been the custom for the Fed- 
eration to hold its meetings on the 
third Thursday in each month, lec- 
tures and concerts not being confined 
to these evenings. The policy of 
those in authority has always been to 
keep the membership fee as low as 
possible, so that no aspiring mind 
should be denied the privilege of 
culture because unable to pa} r the 



•• 1 



Mrs. Susie E. Hadcoek. 
Recording Secretary 0/ the Federation. 



man thought, the mind is broadened 
and the horizon enlarged. Science, 
literature, art, music, and sociology 
all find a place upon its programmes. 
Such names as those of Prof. Will- 
iam F. Ward, Prof. A. E. Dolbear, 
the scientist, Prof. Carleton Black of 
literary fame, Alice Freeman Palmer, 
F. Hopkinsou Smith, Margaret De- 
land, the Adamowskis, the Dannreu- 
ther Quartette, are exponents of lib- 
eral and advanced research in the 
arts and sciences. These deep think- 



M, 
'J'rrn 



M'nnie E Putney. 
rerefthe Federation. 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



price of attaining it. Their motto 
might well be "The greatest good 
to the greatest number." Since this 
is true, the Federation has been 
somewhat hampered in its philan- 
thropic work by lack of funds. This 
year, however, no such obstacle was 
allowed to bar the path of progress, 
for the ladies, with a spirit born of 
firm determination, scaled the barriers 
of difficulty and carried their plans to 
a successful fruition. 

Recognizing the fact that the nope 
of a nation lies in its youth, the 
ladies conceived the idea of provid- 
ing an environment of culture and 
refinement, where the child mind 
would be free to imbibe the elevat- 
ing thoughts and influences which 
come from the contemplation of beau- 
tiful pictures and the companionship 
of good books. With this end in 
view they planned a chicken-pie sup- 
per, which, although it entailed al- 
most Herculean effort, ended in one 
grand success. Fully 900 were 
served, and the $245 realized, to- 
gether with additional donations 
from friends, will be used for fitting 
up a reading-room for children in the 
city library, where they may have 
free access to the books, and may feel 
that the place is theirs for use. 

Such is the record of the Federa- 
tion. Its history is one of evolution ; 
the future, undoubtedly, has great 
things in store for it. Devoid of the 
spirit of self-aggrandizement, it works 
quietly and unboastingly to under- 
mine the base and strengthen the 
pure and noble in human life. Per- 
severance has accomplished wonders 
in the past, and the record of the fu- 
ture will be no lower one. The goal 
is far away, but energy and patience 
are bringing it nearer, and the hope 



shines brightly as the morning star 
that the time is not far distant when 
this unassuming leaven shall have 
completed its work and a higher 
standard of taste and appreciation 
will be established throughout the 
city. 

As the whole is the sum of all its 
parts, so the Federation is made up 
of individual clubs, which are or- 
ganised units. These have a long 
and varied history, reaching over a 
period of tw r enty-seven years, and the 
record is one of which each has rea- 
son to feel proud, as he w T ho reads 
the following will realize. 

No poet is more reverenced and 
has more devotees bowing in adora- 
tion before his shrine than the im- 
mortal Shakespeare, the bard of 
Avon, who has created for us a sew 
world with elves and fairies, men and 
women, kings and queens, all in de- 
lightful companionship. Search 
where you will it would not be easy 
to find a company of ladies more de- 
voted in their reading and their 
study of this genius than those who 
compose the 

MANCHESTER SHAKESPEARE CLUB, 

that morning star which heralded the 
rising dawn of club life. It was or- 
ganized in 1873, and its inception 
was the informal meeting of six 
ladies, — Mrs. Sarah S. Reynolds, 
Mrs. Lizzie B. James, Mrs. Hannah 
Lewis, Mrs. Ellen Ham, Mrs. Nellie 
M. Blonquist, and Mrs. Etta F. 
Shepherd, who banded themselves 
together for elocutionary study under 
the direction of Mrs. Irene Huse. 
Early, through the influence of their 
teacher, the attention of these ladies 
was directed to Shakespeare, and 
from that time on he has been the 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 






M'ss Sarah J. Green. 
President of ike Shakespeare Club. 

centre of their work. Six years after 
this little coterie came together they 
joined to themselves six other kin- 
dred spirits and formed a regular or- 
ganization under the present name. 
Tiie membership has now increased 
to twenty-five, and Miss Sarah J. 
Green holds the office of president 
which Mrs. Lyclia A. Scott held for 
many years with much credit to her- 
self and to the club. The literary 
director, who so ably arranges all the 
programmes, is Miss Elizabeth Mc- 
Dougal, who has also been connected 
with the club for many years. The 
ladies have labored long and well 
upon their favorite study, not only 
reading, but analyzing and consider- 
ing intensively the most minute de- 
tails. Yet they find opportunities 
for other things, for it was this club 
which took the initial step toward 
forming the City Federation. They 
have also given a set of the Rolfe 
"Shakespeare" to the Manchester 



high school in honor of one of their 
members, Mrs. Elizabeth H. A. Wal- 
lace, who was the first graduate of 
that institution. 

Each year the club holds an out- 
ing and banquet at some chosen 
place, and the toasts which are there 
offered are worth}' to come from 
ladies who have spent long years in 
study of the great master of English 
dramatic poetry. Year by year the 
members go on delving more deeply 
into Shakespearean lore, and furnish- 
ing their minds with the philosophy 
and the expression which have a 
perennial richness. The first ladies' 
club to be organized in the state, 
this organization bears its honor with 
humility, and earnestly, yet quietly, 
seeks to do its part toward lifting hu- 
manity from the valley of ignorance 
to the high plane of intellectual liter- 
ary appreciation, where 

Cl The eye sees the world as one grand plain 
And one boundless reach of sky." 



(Sk 



"fc~-W J 



Miss Elizabeth McDuugai. 
Literary Director of the Shakespeare Club. 



72 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



THE REVIEW 

is one of the clubs which is purely 
literary iu character. Its primal or- 
ganization was accomplished in 1887, 
and since that time the twenty mem- 
bers have devoted their leisure to the 
study of history, literature, and au- 
thors. Beginning with the pioneers 
in these various lines, the study has 
been carried through successive sea- 



club meets Thursday evenings, and 
is at present led by the president, 
Miss Minnie E. Littlerield. 

This is the ninth year which the 
members of the 

MANCHESTER MUSICAL CLUB 

have spent in the congenial study of 
the lives and achievements of the 
masters of harmony, who have made 
the world richer and better through 



•• - ' 






.vs 



>»*& 









' ■ ' : 



Miss Minnie E. Littiefiefd . 
President of the Review Club. 

sons according to its natural develop- 
ment. The speed has not been regu- 
lar, however, for during two winters 
the members lingered, that they 
might study the lives and fortunes of 
the immortal characters who live 
eternally upon the pages of Shake- 
speare's dramas. This year the time 
has been devoted to French litera- 
ture and history, and the papers pre- 
sented show that it is no superficial 
study which the members put upon 
the subjects assigned to them. The 



Miss Bessie M. Christophe. 
President of the Manchester Musical Club. 

their earnest efforts. The object of 
this club, which was organized 
October 28, 1891, is "improvement 
on musical matters, and a more thor- 
ough knowledge of musical history, 
as well as a consideration of national 
music and current events." All kinds 
of music come into the course, one 
or more evenings being devoted to 
each. As far as possible illustrations 
of both the vocal and the instru- 
mental music studied are given by 
the members. The fact that the 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



club has continued its earnest work 
through the successive years shows 
that the members, all of whom are 
musicians of some note, realize the 
value of broader and more general 
study, and the results attained show 
that the time has not been misspent. 
Miss Bessie Christophe is president 
of the organization. 

CURRENT EVENTS 

is no misnomer in the case of the 
club of that name which first met as 
an organized bod}- in 1892, under the 
presidency of Mrs. Evelyn French 
Johnson. With a membership lim- 
ited to fifteen, the ladies have taken 
up the study of the current topics of 
the day and their relation to the his- 
tory of the world. One meeting in 
each mouth is devoted to the reading 
and careful study of one of Shakes- 
peare's plays, the other meetings 
being occupied with papers on vari- 
ous subjects. Prom time to time in 
the course of its existence the club 
has given musicals, and each year 
they give a reception to their gentle- 
men friends. The present president 
is Mrs. Elizabeth S. Sawyer, and the 
work is thoroughly and conscien- 
tiously done. When the social side is 
allowed prominence it proves all the 
more enjoyable for the labor which 
has gone before. 

THE OUTLOOK CLUB 

is now enjoying the seventh year of 
its existence, a period of time which 
has been marked by individual and 
collective development, as well as 
one which is rich in pleasant memo- 
ries. The first president was Miss 
Martha Hubbard, while the club was 
first started by Mrs. Frank Forsaith. 
It was originally designed as a neigh- 



borhood social reading club, but after 
a short trial it was found that the 
best work could not be dcue unless 
there <vas organization. Accordingly 
the ladies met for that purpose in 
1893, and since that time have striven 
to realize the ideal of a more com- 
plete knowledge of the ruling topics 
of the day as well as the training of 
the mind through discussion, and the 
attainment of a vision of the practi- 



Miss Martha Hubbard. 
Corresponding' Secretary of the Federation. 
First President of the Outlook Club. 

cal life of humanity. This club was 
one of the charter members of the 
Manchester City and the New Hamp- 
shire State Federation, and has al- 
ways been among the foremost in the 
rank and quality of its work. Dur- 
ing the early years of its existence 
much time was given to parliament- 
ary drill, and through this medium 
the efficiency of the members as pre- 
siding officers was greatly increased. 
A distinguishing feature of the pro- 
gramme is the assignment of some 



74 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OE MANCHESTER. 



foreign country to each member at 
the beginning of the elnb year, the 
polities and events in which that 
member is to follow up throughout 
the year, and report on the same at 
specified times to the club. There is 
usually oue paper upon some general 
topic at each meeting, with shorter 
discussions of minor questions. The 
membership is limited to fifteen 
ladies who are banded together by a 
common interest and who seek the 
highest good of society at all times 
under the leadership of the president, 
Miss Nancy N. Bnutou. 

"Art is the outward expression of 
the good, the true, and the beautiful, 
the crown of ethics and esthetics," 
says one, and this might well be 
stated as the noble conception which 
has filled the minds of the members 
of the 

HISTORIC ART CLUB 

and prompted them to the many- 
deeds of love which they have per- 
formed. Organized in 1895 and fed- 
erated the same year, the fifty ladies 
who composed it set about arranging 
a course of study in historic art. 
They began with the Italian ar- 
tists, aud then followed those of the 
Dutch, Flemish, German, and Span- 
ish schools. The paintings, statuary, 
and architecture of Florence and 
Venice were the subjects of extended 
study. Then they went back to the 
genesis of art, taking up that of 
Egypt, Assyria, Greece, and Rome. 
Viewed collectively the course has 
covered the whole history of art from 
its earliest forms as manifested in the 
Egyptian pyramids and temples to 
the masterpieces of contemporary 
geniuses. 

The club lias not confined itself, 
however, to wholly original work, 



but has called speakers of much re- 
nown, authorities in their depart- 
ments, to lecture before it. Among 
those who have appeared are Mr. F. 
Hopkinson Smith, Mr. Fred Hovey 
Allen, who has lectured three times; 
Prof. William G. Ward of the Emer- 
son School of Oratory, who has ap- 
peared twice ; Prof. Henry T. Bailey, 
supervisor of drawing in the state of 
Massachusetts, twice ; Prof. J. F. 
Hopkins, supervisor of drawing for 
Boston, twice ; Miss Annie Ryder 
of Medford, Mass., twice; Dr. Wins- 
low of the Society of Egyptology ; 
Mr. Leonard Freeman Burbank of 
Nashua, and Mr. Ross Turner. The 
club has also furnished two lectures 
for the Federation. 

Before mentioning the achieve- 
ments of the club along philanthropic 
lines, it may be well to note that it 
was organized as a result of five 
courses of art lectures wdiich were 
given by Miss Deristhe E. Hoyt. 
The interest of the ladies was so 
aroused by these talks that fifty of 
them signified their desire to con- 
tinue the study begun under such 
pleasant circumstances. Accord- 
ingly the club became an organized 
body. 

Three years ago, through indefa- 
tigable effort, they were enabled to 
hold an art exhibition in the city 
similar to the Allston exhibit in Bos- 
ton. The pictures contained in the 
same were from the leading dealers 
in Boston and Manchester and were 
suitable for the decoration of public 
school buildings and hospitals. It 
was at the time when schoolroom 
decoration was just beginning to be 
agitated, and many of the pictures 
were sold to the schools. The ex- 
hibit included, beside pictures, some 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



/$ 



beautiful casts, most of which were 
quickly disposed of. The sum of 
Sixty-five dollars was cleared at this 
time, and that was expended in buy- 
ing mural decorations for the new 
High School building, and for the 
training school. In addition, the 
High school was presented by the 
club with a pedestal to hold a statu- 
ette previously donated to it. The 
Historic-Art club appropriated twen- 
ty dollars to which the other clubs 
added sixty dollars, and this money 
was used in buying pictures for the 
lower grade schools. Last spring- 
two pictures were given to the 
schools. 

All this has been effective, not 
only in beautifying the schoolrooms, 
but in giving an incentive to the 
schools to do for themselves. The 
club's work has been far-reaching in 
its influence, and the study and the 
discussion has tended to elevate the 
taste and enhance the appreciation of 
esthetic and artistic productions. 
The efficient president of the club is 
Miss Jennie Young, who was one of 
the prime movers in its organization, 
and whose interest in it has never 
faltered. The club has now in its 
possession a collection of four hun- 
dred photographs of famous pictures, 
which are emplo} ed for illustration 
or decoration. 

1 December 10, 1895, is the birthday 
of the 

ADVANCE CLUB, 

and now, after its four years of 
growth, it has developed into a lusty 
child, increasing constantly in wis- 
dom and knowledge, and from week 
to week adding to its store of facts 
with regard to literature, for this, 
too, is of a purely literary character. 
The membership is limited to twenty- 



five, and the list is always full. The 
first three years of its existence were 
spent in the study of American litera- 
ture, but this year the programme 
has been changed to a consideration 
of English literature. Current topics 
are discussed, and occasionally a 
paper on some scientific subject is 
presented, or one on music or art. 
In rehearsing its work may not seem 
very much, but in reality great good 



- 



Mrs. Jess.e P. Wallace. 
President of the Advance Club. 

has been accomplished in the train- 
ing and development of the members. 
Each year the club makes a pilgrim- 
age to some place renowned in his- 
tory, or made famous in literature, 
and thus socially ends the season's 
work. The president of the club is 
Mrs. Jessie P. Wallace. 

THE NATURAL SCIENCE CLUB 

stands unsurpassed in its department, 
which is indicated by the name. Or- 
ganized March 12, 1895, it was simply 



76 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



a number of ladies banded together 
under the tutelary care of Mrs. A. O. 
Brown for the special study of bot- 
any. With . the inspiration which 
comes from united effort, however, 
the members determined to investi- 
gate more carefully the mysteries of 
life and growtli which lie wrapped 
up in the common manifestations 
of Nature. Filled with this spirit 
the}' devoted one day in two weeks 
to the results attained from research 
and observation, the same being em- 
bodied in papers. In the interval 
between the meetings the members, 
either singly or in parties, roamed 
through fields and woods collecting 
specimens for preservation and for 



- 



- 



1 

is. '' 1 

Mrs. Ciara E. Williams. 
President of the Natural Science Club. 

study. It was not to botany, how- 
ever, that the ladies devoted all their 
energies. The feathered songsters 
of wood and street were too impor- 
tant to be passed over, and this is 
the third season that, from the earli- 



est heralds of spring to the last out- 
rider of the retreating winter, the 
senses have been acute to hear the 
sweet and mellow notes and watch 
the changing colors of the inhabi- 
tants of the air. 

Forestry has not been excluded 
from the course of instruction, since 
last year and this one also, a special 
study has been made of trees, the 
aim of the members being to familiar- 
ize themselves with the leaves and 
bark, together with the distinguish- 
ing features of all our common native 
trees. 

All the stud)* which has been put 
upon these subjects is not of a mere 
desultory and haphazard kind, but 
rather is it true scientific research. 
The club has accumulated a large 
number of mounted specimens which 
are used in illustration, and later 
form the basis of a memory test, the 
modern club equivalent for the " ex- 
amination " of school-day life. The 
president, Mrs. Clara E. Williams, 
and the members are thoroughly in- 
terested in the subject of science and 
nature study, and they are constantly 
giving out to those about them in- 
spiration and influence, which will 
silently yet truly do its work, until 
many more shall come to peer into 
the secrets of Nature and reflect 
upon her marvelous work. 

It is not to the bleak and rugged 
coast of Massachusetts that we must 
go to trace the history of 

THK PILGRIMS, 

neither do we need to revert to the try- 
ing days of 1620, for these nineteenth 
century Pilgrims date their com- 
mon history from January 25, 1S96, 
when they met together and organ- 
ized themselves into a club of twelve, 



THE WOMEN'S CLUB'S OF MANCHESTER. 77 

of which Miss Kate M. Gooden is members. have one elaborate banquet. 
now president. Since that time they while at intervals during the winter 
have met each week from October to there are socials of various kinds. 
May and studied questions of univer- One year the club gave a sum of 
sal interest. For three years they money to a family to provide Christ- 
took up American literature and the mas gifts for a large number of chil- 
dren, and some donations have been 
made of pictures for school decora- 
tion. 

a 

Surely the Pilgrims were prophets 

when they chose their motto from 

§ Holmes, or else the spirit of it has so 

I taken possession of them that the 

ideal seems easy of attainment, for 

they obey the teachings of their 

chosen watchword, "Let us row, not 

drift nor lie at anchor." 

... _,. Varied, indeed, has been the work 

which has called forth the intellec- 
ts tual power of the members of the 

BIOGRAPHICAL CLUB, 

I another of Manchester's clubs whose 
aims and plans are embodied in its 

L ...■_. „_ . .. .... MA ..^.^' ]L . i . , ..._ ':i name. Since its organization, in 

1896, most of the time has been 
given up to the study of biography. 
This has not excluded many closely 
history up to Lincoln's administra- allied branches of research, however, 
tion. Last year English history was for the members aim at breadth as 
the basis of study, and such literary well as intensity of stud}'. Ameri- 
works as came in connection with it can history, back to the time of the 
were taken up. The programme this Puritans, has been very interesting, 
year is a miscellaneous one and gath- since it has been taken up not as a 
ers up the threads left loose in pre- mere aggregation of facts, but rather 
vious years. The chief feature of as a living reality, revealed through 
the meetings is the prepared papers, the personality of statesmen. In the 
but current topics and quotations fill same way the political events of for- 
less conspicuous places. eign countries have been viewed 

Aside from the regular work the through the medium of the great 
club has had the pleasure of listening statesmen like Bismarck and Glad- 
to two lectures of much interest, stone. The consideration of the past 
Both were illustrated and were de- has not been allowed to crowd out 
livered by Mr. J. Trask Piummer, the events of the present, however, 
one being the description of a trip for at each meeting the topics of the 
through Holland. Each year the day are reviewed carefully and in- 



Miss Kate M. Gooden. 
President of The Ptigrii 



?s 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OE MANCHESTER. 



~ 



Mrs. Lilta C. Riley. 
Preside >ii oj the Biographical Club. 

telligently. Quotations from the au- 
thors studied are selected and memo- 
rized, and each literary programme is 
varied by the introduction of music 
and recitations. Music has not been 
excluded from the course of stud}', 
for prominent compose) s have been 
subjects of consideration. During 
the first years parliamentary drill oc- 
cupied a prominent place in each 
meeting, and by its introduction the 
members were trained in all that per- 
tains to parliamentary procedure. 
The critical powers of the ladies 
have been employed in book reviews 
of well-known or new books. One 
unique feature of the work is the cus- 
tom of having the members, to each 
of whom is assigned a day, tell 
what important events of former 
years have occurred on the days in 
the interval between the club meet- 
ings. 

Although the club has not done 
any work outside of itself, yet by 



self-culture it has helped to throw 
out a nobler influence in its environ- 
ment. The ladies, with Mrs. Lilla 
C. Riley as president, are looking 
forward next year to a winter spent 
ii'i the company of historians, that 
thereby the past may live again with 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY CLUB 

is a band of fifteen young women, 
with Miss Gertrude R. Burnham as 






Miss Gertrude E. Burnham. 
President of the Nineteenth Century Club. 

president, who have organized them- 
selves into a club whose object is the 
social and mental improvement of its 
members. The first meeting of the 
club was held January 28, 1S96, and 
since that time all its energy has 
been spent in approximating the 
ideal set forth in its constitution. 
The first year the study was chiefly 
upon foreign countries, but in the 
second the emphasis was placed upon 
United States history. This formed 
a working basis for the next two sea- 
sons' study which was devoted to 
American literature of the present 






' 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



79 



day. This year they have gone back 
to early English literature, taking it 
in its natural sequence. Current 
events are a feature of each meeting 
preceding the papers, and after 
those are read the subjects are dis- 
cussed by the club at large. In 
April, 1S9S, the club gave two dra- 
matic productions, "A Fair Encoun- 
ter " and "Place aux Dames." To 
close the year the members hold a 
field day, so-called, when they leave 
the city far behind them and seek 
quiet and rest in the shade of some 
friendly retired country nook. 

THE xiv club, 

as its name signifies, is composed of 
fourteen members on whom their ac- 
cepted constitution lays the duty of 
individual improvement " in litera- 
ture and in the vital interests of the 
day." The club was founded in 
1S96 and federated in 1899, the first 






Mrs. Evelyn M. Cox. 
President of the XIV Club. 



president being Mrs. Lizzie J. Brown, 
while the present chief officer is Mrs. 
Evelyn M. Cox. During the earlier 
months parliamentary drill was a 
prominent feature, and debates on 
vital questions added zest to the 
meetings. Science, religion, foreign 
and domestic politics, have ail been 
subjects of research, as have been 
industrial, economic, and educational 
problems. Psychology and philan- 
thropy have not been omitted, and 
current topics are discussed at each 
meeting. In addition to this broad 
range the members have made a 
careful study of English history and 
literature. Each one is supposed to 
have something of interest to give 
out at each meeting, and thereby a 
spirit of mutual helpfulness is gen- 
erated. 

Another of the clubs of later or- 
ganization is 

THE DELFAN CLUB, 

which started out in 1S96 with the 
avowed purpose of gaining familiar- 
ity with the life and works of the 
prominent American authors. At 
each meeting this plan has been car- 
ried out, and from time to time new 
features have been added. Some of 
the members have been called upon 
to write critiques of books, and all 
have had the privilege of preparing 
special papers. Current events have 
furnished a topic for informal discus- 
sion at each meeting, and this winter 
the members are carefully studying 
the history of New Hampshire. Out- 
side of the purely literary and intel- 
lectual lines of work some time has 
been devoted to social life. Each 
year the members have held a "gen- 
tleman's night," and at the close of 
the season's work, a field day. 



So 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



These have relieved the monotony 
of the deep study and eareful thought 
which have broadened and cultivated 
the lives and tastes of the members* 
Mrs. Josephine Oxford is president 
of this enterprising club. 

THE XEAV HAMPSHIRE AUDUBON 
SOCIETY 

was organized at Manchester, April 
6, 1S97, with Mis. Arthur K. Clarke, 



. 



a & I : . _■ ^i-' m - ' 1 

Mrs. Arthur E. Clarke. 
President 0/ the New Hampshire Audubon Society. 

the founder, as president, and Mrs. 
F. W. Batchelder as secretary. 

The first work of the society was 
to cause sections of the game laws 
relating to bird protection to be 
posted in conspicuous places. Then 
followed the circulation of its own 
and other suitable leaflets, the exten- 
sion of influence by the formation of 
branch societies throughout the state, 
and the securing of the cooperation 
of women's clubs, many of which 
have given an afternoon to papers 



and discussions on the work of the 
society from material furnished by 
the secretary. 

Recognizing the paramount impor- 
tance of work which should influence 
the young, the society early prepared 
an "Outline of Bird Study*' for use 
in the public schools. This has been 
adopted by the school committees of 
Manchester and other cities and 
towns with excellent results. A 
Junior Audubon Society, formed the 
first year, has held two annual meet- 
ings in which great interest was 
manifested. A stereopticon lecture 
was given the second year, the slides 
used, which are the property of the 
society, being representative of birds, 
their nests and haunts. A small cir- 
culating library of bird books has 
been instituted for the use of such 
schools as are not in condition to pur- 
chase them. Special efforts have 
been made to increase the circulation 
of Bird Lore, a most excellent bi- 
monthly magazine edited by Mr. 
Frank M. Chapman, the ornitholo- 
gist, and which is the official organ 
of the Audubon societies. Prang's 
colored "Bird Chart" has been 
largely introduced into the schools 
of the state. 

In the spring of 1899 prizes were 
offered to the school children of New 
Hampshire for the best compositions 
on birds. The results have been 
very satisfactory. Lectures have 
been given under the auspices of 
the society by Mrs. Orinda Horn- 
brooke, Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, 
Miss Edith Barnes, and Miss Harriet 
E. Richards, secretary of the Massa- 
chusetts society. Through the per- 
sonal efforts of the president a course 
of lectures was inaugurated, the pro- 
ceeds of which were devoted to the 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



Si 



payment of the above-mentioned 
prizes. 

Another club of young ladies de- 
voted to literary studies was formed 
in September of 1S9S, and is called 
the 

FORTNIGHTLY CLUB, 

from the time of occurrence of its 
meetings. Here topics of present 
day interest are reviewed, while 
the first meeting in the month each 
member gives a review of the current 
issue of some magazine which was 
assigned to her at the beginning of 
the season. Papers are prepared 
upon the life and works of present 
day American authors, and the meet- 
ings prove of much interest. The 
president of the club is Miss Emma 
J. Coaker and the secretary, Miss 
Emma B. Abbott. 

In November, 1S9S, another link 
was added to the fast lengthening 
chain of club life, and this took the 
name of the 



gramme or may talk upon some 
special subject, yet he is not allowed 
to vote, hold office, or pay dues. 
Some very entertaining and instruc- 
tive talks have been given by the 
gentlemen, one being on the " His- 
tory of the Transvaal Question and 
Dissertation upon the Ethical and 
Commercial Value of English Dom-" 
ination in the Transvaal." The 
talks and papers are always followed 



v\ 



"■:.-* 









NEW CENTURY. . 

Its object is the study and discussion 
of timely topics, the work being along 
the line of current events. Papers 
have been prepared upon new inven- 
tions, new methods, and new indus- 
tries, together with other up-to-date 
subjects. A pleasing feature of the 
meetings is the custom of opening 
with a quotation from each member 
of what has especially impressed her in 
her general reading during the interval 
between the meetings. This results 
in the presentation of many new and 
bright ideas which are often of use 
later.' Although the club is com- 
posed of ladies, each member is 
privileged to invite one gentleman 
associate member who may contri- 
bute a paper to the general pro- 

xxviii— 6 



Mrs. E. N. Blair. 
President of the Xew Ceritury Club. 

by a lively discussion in which all 
join. The club is fortunate in hav- 
ing for its president Mrs. Eliza Nel- 
son Blair, who is also a member of 
the Educational committee of the 
General Federation, and although one 
of the younger clubs, it ranks high in 
the value and quality of its work. 

" The better acquaintance, the pro- 
motion of good fellowship and the 
mutual improvement of the gradu- 
ated nurses cf Manchester" is the 
defined object of the 



THE WOMEN'S CLUBS OF MANCHESTER. 



FI.OREXCK XIG11TIXGALK CLUB, 

whose membership is limited to 
trained nurses regularly graduated 
and in good standing. The club 
meets once each month and devotes 
the evening to a liteiary programme. 
The first meetings were held last 
spring when the life and noble works 
of Florence Nightingale, that angel of 
mercy to the wounded heioes, were 
studied and discussed. Another meet- 
ing was devoted to the Philippine is- 
lands. With the opening of the au- 
tumn the regular programme was 
arranged and embraces a varied as- 
sortment of subjects. The Red Cross 
and Clara Barton's work have been 
examined ; several evenings have 
been spent in hearing about Paris 
and the Exposition. Victor Hugo, 
Chopin, and Napoleon are supple- 
mented by scientific subjects and 
those relating to the profession. 
During the winter the club will be 
privileged to hear two lectures. 
The nature of the duties of the mem- 
bers precludes the possibility of fre- 
quent meetings, but the ladies con- 
nected with it are striving earnestly 
to increase their efficiency by broad- 
ening the mind and storing it with 
useful information. 

One of the youngest clubs in the 
city is the 

UNITY CLUB, 

with Miss Caroline E. Plead as presi- 
dent. This organization has been 
in existence only since October, and 
so has not yet had time to demon- 
strate what it will be able to accom- 
plish. Its plan of study this winter 
embraces the historic development of 
English literature from the pre-Chau- 
cerian era to the time of Milton and 



Drydeu, and the work will be carried 
out chiefly by papers. The outlook 
for the future is promising, and un- 
doubtedly the promise will meet its 
fulfilment in the days to come. 

All these agencies, working along 
their individual lines, are doing a 
lasting good to the communities 
wherein they are placed. They 
seek not only their own good, but 
by cooperation with each other, 
strive to further the work of the 
Federation. Without a spirit of sel- 



\ 



w 



Miss Carrie E. Head. 
President of the Unity Club. 

fishness they often sacrifice their own 
desires that thereby they may give 
more liberally to the general work. 
With the goal of increased useful- 
ness ever in view, and believing with 
Cicero that " there are more men en- 
nobled by study than by nature," the 
women of Manchester are pressing 
on, filled with "the love of study, a 
passion which derives fresh vigor 
from esjoyment, and supplies each 
day, each hour, with a perpetual 
source of independent and rational 
pleasure." 



?$ 







White Horse Ledge. Echo Lake, and Dart of Moat Mountain, North Conway. 

WHITE HORSE CLIFF, 

NORTH COXWAY, N. H. 
By Frederick J. Allen. 

Silent and gray, with adamantine crest, 
Yon cliff uprises at the mountain's base, 
And bears a snow-white figure on its face, 

A horse forever looking toward the west ; 

Below, in limpid sheen and shadow drest, 

The fair lake lies, and flows with matchless grace 
Old Saco's crystal tide. The cliff hath place 

By mount and vale where Nature wrought her best. 

'Tis here the sweetness of the woodland fdls 
The heart with rest ; 'tis here the poet dreams, 
Interpreter of the omniscient plan 
Of him who graved His glory in the hills, 

And set His beauty by ten thousand streams, 
Aud made the earth a paradise for man. 



tfM 




SS" 



THE DEATH OF WASHINGTON. 

By William S. Harris. 




NE hundred years ago the 
entire nation was in mourn- 
ing for him who was "first 
in war, first in peace, and 
first in the hearts of his fellow-citi- 
zens." His illness was of but two 
days' duration. — so brief, in fact, that 
congress, then sitting at Philadelphia, 
knew not of his illness until the news 
of his death reached them, three days 
after the event, brought by a passen- 
ger in the stage. And as the mourn- 
ful tidings spread over the country, it 
produced the deepest grief in all 
hearts. It is difficult for us to real- 
ize the depth and universality of the 
feeling of sorrow and loss that per- 
vaded the nation at the death of the 
one to whom all ascribed the leading 
part in the war for independence and 
in the establishment of the infant re- 
public upon a firm and lasting basis, 
and who had but so recently retired 
to private life in the height of his 
glory, after forty-five years of varied 
and illustrious services for his be- 
loved country. 

As commander-in-chief of the Con- 
tinental army, as president of the 
convention which formed the Fed- 
eral Constitution, as president of the 
United States for two terms, charged 
with the difficult task of putting into 
effect the new and untried system of 
government, and ill the various other 
lesser positions which he held, he 
displayed such wonderful executive 
ability, such sound judgment and 



wisdom, courage and self-sacrifice, 
purity of motive and calm persistence 
of purpose, that he won the confi- 
dence and admiration of all classes 
and all parties, and, as one has said, 
"now wore, by the assent of the 
world, the triple wreath, which never 
had been worn so worthily by other 
man, of hero, patriot, and sage." 

Time brightens rather than dims 
the lustre of his noble character and 
of his splendid achievements, and 
after the lapse of a century the mem- 
ory of Washington still holds its 
unique place in all the hearts of the 
nation, and the name of the father of 
his country heads in glowing letters 
the long list of world-famous Ameri- 
cans who have learned wisdom from 
his example and received inspiration 
from his career. For the greatness 
of Washington is to be measured, 
not alone by his actual achievements 
while living, great as these were, 
but also by the results which, during 
these one hundred years, have grown 
out of the principles and labors of his 
life. The national domain has ex- 
panded to four times its extent at 
Washington's death, our population 
has multiplied fourteen- fold, our in- 
dustrial life has become revolution- 
ized by the applications of steam and 
electricity and other discoveries and 
inventions unknown in his day. And 
it is the greatest proof of the excel- 
lence of the foundation which Wash- 
ington and his coadjutors were able, 



86 



77//; DEATH OF WASHLXGTOX 



■ 






v i' 






Mt. Ve 

under the most discouraging and ad- 
verse circumstances, to lay, that it 
has been capable of sustaining so 
lofty and glorious an edifice. 

Washington died late on the night 
of Saturday, December 14, 1799, from 
laryngitis brought on by a sudden 
cold, the result of exposure on the 
Thursday before, or perhaps rather 
from the treatment he received from 
the hands of his physicians, which, 
in accordance with the crude medi- 
cal ideas of those times, consisted 
largely in blood-letting. On Wed- 
nesday, the 1 8th, the funeral took 
place at Mt. Vernon, with fitting 
religious and military ceremonies. 
Congress commemorated the sad 
event by appropriate services and 
an oration on the 26th, and, as the 
news reached different parts of the 
country, there were in various places 
similar services testifying to the uni- 
versal grief. 



In Portsmouth the 31st of Decem- 
ber was set apart for such commemo- 
ration, upon which occasion a long 
procession containing the dignitaries 
of the town and state, military and 
Masonic organizations, and citizens, 
moved to St. John's church, where 
the rector, Rev. Joseph Willard, read 
the service of the Episcopal church, 
and Hon. Jonathan M. Sewall de- 
livered an eulogy. Adams tells us in 
his "Annals of Portsmouth," that " a 
vast concourse of people attended, 
and almost every individual of re- 
spectability wore crape as a badge of 
mourning, and all the shipping in 
the harbor hoisted their flags half- 
mast high." 

Congress, on December 30, adopted 
a joint resolution recommending "to 
the people of the United States to as- 
semble on the 2 2d day of February 
next in such numbers and manner as 
may be convenient, publicly to tes- 



THE DEATH OF WASHINGTON. 



S? 



tify their grief for the death of Gen- 
eral George Washington, by suitable 
eulogies, orations, and discourses, or 
by public prayers;"' and a further 
resolution requested the president to 
issue a proclamation for the purpose 
of carrying the above into effect. 
President John Adams issued the 
proclamation, and the commemora- 
tive discourses were delivered in 
many places on the day appointed, 
which was the sixty-eighth anniver- 
sary of Washington's birth. The 
writer of this possesses printed copies 
of some of these orations delivered in 
different towns in New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts, and they are in- 
teresting reading on this centennary 
of their deliver)*. 

In them we see reflected the ad- 
miration and love of the people for 
their departed leader, and we therein 
read the estimate which his contem- 
poraries placed upon his character 
and work. As " distance lends en- 
chantment to the view," so the lapse 
of time often obscures the faults 
and vices of great men, and throws 
around their virtues and heroic deeds 
a false halo of glory. 

Thus the heroes of antiquity seen 
through the mists of the ages become 
demigods. For this reason it is in- 
teresting and instructive for us to see 
how the contemporaries of Washing- 
ton regarded him, when no reason 
existed why they should exaggerate 
his virtues or warp the truth in his 
favor. No man ever was more in the 
public eye than he was for a long 
term of years and in various capaci- 
ties. And his character and abilities 
stood every test. 

From the oration delivered at Kxe- 
ter upon that occasion by Hon. Jere- 
miah Smith, afterwards governor of 



New Hampshire — printed at Exeter 
by Henry Ranlet — we quote : " Our 
young men have lost a Father ; the 
more aged a Brother ; Religion her 
brightest ornament ; our country her 
shield, her defense, her glory in war, 
her guide, her great example in 
peace. . . . It is rare indeed to 
find the splendid, the amiable, and 
the useful united in the same person. 
Our Washington furnishes an excep- 
tion to the general rule ; and it will 
forever remain a question, whether 
he was most distinguished above all 
other men by the greatness of his 
talents, or the goodness of his heart ; 
whether his noble, his useful or his 
amiable virtues predominated ; and 
which of these have been most glo- 
rious to himself, or most serviceable 
to his country. If by the first he 
has acquired the title of our political 
Saviour, by the latter, like Marcus 
Aurelius, he has merited to be styled 
by the more enduring epithet, the 
Father of his Country." 

All the historians and eulogists of 
Washington bear testimony to this 
wonderful " all-aroundness " of char- 
acter which he possessed. W T hen 



3 







Washington's Room, Mt. Vecr.o'-,. 



88 



THE DEATH OF WASHINGTON. 



has the world ever seen a man so 
eminent in so man)- different quali- 
ties ? Many may have excelled him 
in the greatness of single talents or 
in the brilliancy of their achieve- 
ments in some one direction ; but in 
Washington what we most admire 
and marvel at is the perfection of the 
combination of all the talents and 
qualities which go to make up a truly 
great and noble character. Physical, 
mental, and moral qualities were alike 
superior, and all combined to produce 



applaud their virtues ; but the char- 
acter of our deceased General can 
bear a full examination, and appears 
spotless, as well as splendid, in the 
sight of his enemies." 

The same speaker delivered at the 
same place on February 22, an ora- 
tion on Washington " at the request 
of the officers of the assembled cav- 
alry and infantry, and other militia 
officers." Upon this occasion, after 
reviewing Washington's career and 
services to the country, he said : 



& 



t 




Torr.b cf Washington, ivlt. Vernon. 



. ->.- -» >:^&;.Jlii ••■'-£__.■ 



the grandest figure, all things consid- 
ered, in the world's history. 

A memorial sermon was delivered 
on January 1, 1S00, by the Rev. 
William Morison, D. 13., "at the 
request of the elders and other 
church members of the Presbyterian 
society " in Londonderry, from which 
we quote: "In viewing the most 
illustrious characters of other Heroes 
whether more ancient or modern, 
even their friends must draw a veil 
of tenderness over some imperfec- 
tions in their conduct, while they 



" His whole life seemed to indicate 
that a special Providence had raised 
him up and given him a rare assem- 
blage of virtues and powers of judg- 
ment, to perform a complicated va- 
riety of important services ; in de- 
fending his country in war ; in refin- 
ing and consolidating her govern- 
ment in peace. Like a focus of light, 
in which all rays concenter, he pos- 
sessed whatever was noble, virtuous, 
and good in man. To our American 
Hero, as to the greatest of mortals, 
has been allotted the highest prize of 



THE DEATH OE WASHINGTON. 



89 



human glory, in running his race 
without stumble, stain, or defect. 
. . At his birth, the pillars of 
tyranny trembled ; in his life, kings 
and conquerors darkened under his 
superior lustre ; and at his death, the 
nations mourn." 

Rev. Samuel Worcester, D. D., in 
his oration at Fitchburg, Mass., said, 
referring to Washington's election as 
first president : "And in all probabil- 
ity Washington is the only man in 
the country so fully possessed of the 
confidence and affections of the na- 
tion, and so completely qualified in 
every respect for the office to which 
he is called, as to carry the constitu- 
tion into effect without bloodshed or 
commotion." 

In this connection we may recall 
the visit of Washington to New 
Hampshire. It was in the autumn 
following his first inauguration as 
president of the United States in 
1789. Adams's ''Annals" shall be 
our authority again. On Saturday, 
October 30, the president, coming 
from Boston, was met at the Massa- 
chusetts line by the officials of the 
state, a military escort, and distin- 
guished citizens, and conducted to 
Portsmouth. On his arrival at the 
town he was saluted by a discharge 
of thirteen cannon and welcomed by 
a vast assemblage of people. He 
proceeded to the state house, and 
from the balcony of the senate cham- 
ber spoke to the assembled crowds ; 
odes were sung, and a large body 
of troops passed in review. In the 
evening, illuminations and fireworks 
testified to the people's joy. On 



Sunday the president attended ser- 
vice at St. John's church in the 
morning, and at the North church in 
the afternoon. On Monday an ex- 
cursion down the harbor was con- 
ducted, a landing being made at 
Kittery and at Little Harbor, where 
a visit was paid to the Wentworth 
mansion. On Tuesday an elegant 
reception was tendered to the dis- 
tinguished guest, by the president of 
New Hampshire, John Sullivan, and 
liis council, and in the evening the 
gentlemen of Portsmouth gave a 
splendid ball. Early on Thursday 
morning Washington left Portsmouth 
to return to New York. 

A portion of the eloquent perora- 
tion of Dr. Morison's eulogy already 
quoted from, will form a fitting close 
to this article: "Let us not forget 
the memory of our beloved Washing- 
ton ; and it will not cease to do us 
good. In his life we have a com- 
bination of examples for all classes 
of citizens, from the chief seat of 
government to the humble peasant. 
In the firmness of his integrity, wis- 
dom of his administration, dignity of 
his manners, with his unremitted 
concern for the public good, we have 
a noble example for every descrip- 
tion of public officers. In the pious 
goodness of his heart, illustrated by 
the justice, temperance, tender be- 
nevolence, and universal correctness 
and purity of his manners in private 
life, we have all an example in 
Washington for living ; and in his 
magnanimous, resigned composure 
in death, a precious example for 
dying." 






90 

THE DAWN OF THE PROMISE. 
By Francis Dana. 

In the home of the Golden Promise, the land of the Open Gates, 

On the throne of the Sovereign People, in the Hall of the Sister States, 

By the wash of the vast fresh waters and the hush of the virgin fells, 

And the stainless heights and the prairies, the Spirit of Freedom dwells 

And joys in the unborn glory, and sings from sea to sea 

As she fashions the hearts of her people for the work of the years to be. 

Late from the Isles of the Summer, faint to the western main 

Came the cry of a grinding sorrow and the moan of a hopeless pain. 

The tale of a constant dying, of a naked, starving need, 

Of the wrath of an unblest power, of the gripe of an endless greed, 

Of the hate that slays by inches, of an age-long shame and scorn, 

Slaying of elders and women and a war on the babe unborn, 

A blight upon God's creation, a waste of His fair-wrought lands 

And the crush of tortured races in the cruel futile bauds, 

And tLe Spirit stooped and barkened, and looked on the helpless ones 

And stood aloft in her anger and called to her chosen sons : 

Men of the new-born Promise — Hands of the God-writ Doom — 

Might have I taught you and cunning, and the power to shred the Gloom — 

The Gloom that wrapped the Old World, when the blind were led by the 

blind, 
When folly and fear of shadows hung dark on the clouded mind — 
Free are your hearts for hoping — free are your eyes to see — 
Free are your tongues to utter — as gods are, so are ye ! 
Ye are given to search the Secrets that lurk in Earth and Sky, 
That hide in the deeps of the mid- world and flit in the clouds on high — 
The elements pay you tribute and the lightning serves your weal — 
Ye measure the naming fodder to your steam-breathed beasts of steel, 
Wise are the wise among you, and find you many a spell 
To bless with the light of the Heavens, or slay with the fires of Hell — 

These are ye given, my children, for the rending of the chain 

That the gripe of the Dead be broken and the Old World curse be slain ; 

An Evil cries for a vengeance — sons of the free souled West 

And I call you to right the evil with your bravest and your best ! 

They came from the thronging city, they came from the lonely wold, 

From mountain and forest and prairie, from the home of the new found gold, 

Strong from the fields of labor, fierce from the forge's flame, 

White-handed sons of pleasure hot for the battle game, 

And the gaunt-faced prairie-riders, wild as the cyclone's breath, 

That play at dice with the Devil and tickle the ribs of Death — 



THE DAWN OF THE PROMISE. 91 

Lads in their scathless beauty — (and the mothers' hearts are torn !) — 

Men of the older war-time, broken and scarred and worn — 

Left they the wealth and the labor, — pleasure and gain and peace — 

For they heard the cry and the grieving, and swore that the wrong must cease : 

And the Spirit laughs as she knows them, and her eagles laugh on high 

For they see the end of the Evil and know that the day draws nigh. 

They of the new-learned macric, mightv of art and skill, 
Wakened the flame-fed war beasts that live at mortal's will, 
The steel-scaled swimming mountains swift on the trackless way, 
With eyes of prisoned lightning, that search the dark for prey — 
Those fierce sea-beasts, whose quarry the isles and harbors are, 
And the stark grim dogs, whose baying can rend the walls afar, 
And lest the things lack cunning and will and deadly zest 
Gave to be souls within them the bravest and the best. 

Then round the isles that languished, where wrong and famine crept, 

Full of the ready war-storm the awful squadrons swept, 

And the roar of the sea-beasts rended the holds of ancient crime ; 

Sang of the doom of the Evil and the hope of the coming time ; 

Dreadfully sang the death-song of the hideous rule of Hell, 

Sang of the might of the new world where the sons of Freedom dwell, 

And the teeth of the curse were broken and up from the stricken shore 

Came the hosts of the self- ruled People — and the evil was no more. 

Now from her woods and mountains the Spirit that makes men free 
Laughs with the joy of the doing, and calls from sea to sea : 

Well have ye wrought, my children, — and rising is the sun — 
Well have ye wrought in the dawning — aud the day is just begun. 
Leave not the task .untended — let not the labor cease — 
After the crash of battle is the long, slow toil of peace. 

Shall ye leave the lamb on the prairie, when the old gray wolf is slain ? 

Will not the pack at nightfall be hunting along the plain ? 

Shall ye snatch the child from the bully, to leave it bare in the street, 

To push through the press and turmoil, on naked tottering feet, 

Hurt and feeble and sill)', tender of flesh aud bone, 

To fight its way through the perils and win to its strength alone ? 

What though it turn against you with the hate it has known too much, 

And bite at the hand that saves it, or shrink from the friendly touch — 

Shall ye not bear it homeward, out of the dark and strife 

Guard it and feed it and help it to the wholesome ways of life ? 

Still on the feeble Isle-folk there lies the ancient blight — 
On the eyes of the mind long prisoned, that blink in the new-found light ; 
The folk ye have fought and bled for, their hearts and their souls to free — 
And now ye shall hold them strongly and bring them to live by me. 



9 2 



THE DAWN OF THE PROMISE 



Mine are the soul-bound races — mine by the well-lost lives. 

By the loss of the orphaned children — by the tears of the widowed wives, 

By the toil and the sweat and the life-blood ye have spent in the God-loved 

cause. 
So shall ye hold them to Freedom, and help them to learn my laws : 
(Not to the false- called Freedom that, fool -led rebels claim, 
That apes my glittering vesture, and mocks in my sacred name — 
Freedom that guides not — guards not — but lets the helpless stray 
A prey to the world and a booty to the robber that haunts the way.) 

Ye shall hold them and guide them, and guard them, with the iron hand and 
strong 

Till their souls shall wonder and waken, and know the right from wrong — 
When their eyes are clear of the darkness and their feet can walk alone — 
And their hands are strong for the battle, ye shall leave them to hold their 
own. 

But this is a toil of the ages, weary and long and sore, 

For you and your children's children and many a breeding more ; 

The work of a people's rearing — the teaching of tribes to come 

A casting out of devils, a loosing of words from dumb — 

A making the deaf to hearken — a giving of sight to the blind 

And healing the leprous torment wrong ages have left behind. 

The living shame was before you — and ye would not have it so — 

The curse of the past is on them — and ye shall not let them go. 

Well have ye wrought in the dawning — still shall } r e do your part 

And show my strength to the nations, and the hope that is in my heart : 

When I spoke the doom of the Evil, my challenge alone I hurled — 

And whether or no I cared not — in the. teeth of an angry world. 

The Old World sneered and threatened — and nothing did I heed — 

But the Island mother knew me, and thundered a glad 4i God-speed " ! 

And the threatening Nations dared not — for they read the gleaming fates 

On the shield of the. Royal Mother and the sword of the Sister States : 

From sword and shield together the mingled lightnings streamed 

And rent the veil for an instant, and out to the Hope-land gleamed ; 

And they saw the old soul-prisons totter and break and fall 

And the writhing of things in the death-pang under the ruined wall 

Those dragon forms of the darkness, of fear and falsehood bred 

That slew the hopes of the living for the sake of years long dead — 

And they saw them change and vanish, in the light of my deathless face 

From the world thrown wide to the People, by the hand of the God-sent race. 

So sings the Spirit of Freedom of the rending of the Gloom, 

Of the wreck of the ancient evil, and the light of the coming Doom. 

Blithe in the joy of the Promise she sings from sea to sea, 

And fashions the hearts of her people for the work of the years to be. 



<\s 



CHARLESTOWN— " NUMBER FOUR. : 
By Thomas D. Howard. 




?p^5pHIS combination title may 
still be heard, coming down 
from a time when such speci- 
i fication was a necessity. As 
an unincorporated township it was 
No. 4, Walpoie, its next neighbor on 
the south, being No. 3,, When it be- 
came Charlestown the number was 
retained in order to distinguish it 
from the older Charlestown, although 
as will subsequently appear the New 
Hampshire town was not its name- 
sake. Both number and town has 
each its war story and hero. The 
two soldiers commemorated may be 
best introduced by an extract from 
Saunderson's "History of Charles- 
town, N. H.," a work made interest- 
ing by illustrative details, and es- 
pecially valuable as a local record of 
that period of the long struggle be- 
tween France and Kngland called 
King George's War. It should also 
be premised that because of the ful- 
ness of carefully gathered facts and 
the excellence of their arrangement, 
this history has, of necessity, been 
largel} r followed in the preparation of 
the sketch presented. 

" In July, 1852, Captain Stevens 
was once more commissioned by the 
government of Massachusetts to pro- 
ceed to Canada, to negotiate for such 
captives belonging to the state as he 
might there find. . . . On arriv- 
ing at Montreal, not finding, as they 
anticipated, the prisoners belonging 
to Massachusetts, he decided on the 



redemption of two from New Hamp- 
shire. These were John Stark, sub- 
sequently General Stark, the hero of 
Bennington, and Amos Eastman. 
The ransom of Stark was one hun- 
dred and three dollars, and that of 
his friend Eastman, sixty dollars. 
The ransom of Stark was not paid in 
money, but he was given up for an 
Indian pony for which the amount 
specified had been paid. 
Stark ultimately paid the price of his 
redemption himself by pursuing his 
vocation as a hunter." 

The two men whose names stand 
conspicuous in this narration made 
the long journey from Canada to No. 
4 together by the only practicable 
route, which from the northern line 
of the province of New Hampshire 
followed the Connecticut river. Cap- 
tain Stevens was forty-six years of 
age, and the hard service he had 
seen may well have made him look 
much older. Stark was twenty-four, 
not yet a soldier, but a hunter, which 
occupation he was to follow long 
enough to earn the one hundred and 
three dollars to repay his ransom 
money before joining the army. Ar- 
riving at No. 4 the companionship 
ended, not, so far as appears, to be 
resumed, Captain Stevens remaining 
in the place which was at once his 
post and his home, and Stark going 
eastward to Derryfield. 

Phineas Stevens came of good 
nVhtinsr stock. His grandfather 



94 



CHARLESTOWN— "NUMBER FOUR. 



Cyprian married Mary Willard, 
daughter of Major Simon. Cypri- 
an's son Joseph was the father of 
Phineas, who was born in Sudbury, 
Mass., February 20, 1706. At the 
age of seventeen he was taken 
prisoner by Indians. He remained 
in captivity about a year, during 
which time he may be supposed to 
have learned much of the sort of war- 
fare in which lie was to become pro- 
ficient. Married, in 1734, to Eliza- 
beth Stevens of Petersham, their first 
home was in Rutland, where seven of 
their ten children were born. 

Phineas Stevens was one of the pro- 
prietors of township No. 4, granted 
by the general court of Massachu- 
setts, western New Hampshire being, 
at the time of the grant and for some 
twenty years thereafter, in the juris- 
diction of the Massachusetts province. 
Captain Stevens, having been mean- 
while in active cooperation with the 
proprietors resident in Massachusetts; 
joined the settlement between two or 
three years after its beginning, which 
was in 1740. He at once became its 
leading spirit, implicitly trusted and 
relied on, with a prestige not unlike 
that of Colonel Bellows in Township 
No. 3. 

One of the conditions on which 
each and all the townships were 
granted was that the sixty- three 
house lots should be "laid out in as 
regular, compact, and defensible a 
manner as the Land will allow of." 

Something more than this pro- 
vision was needful for No. 4. This 
settlement was the northernmost point 
of civilization in the region of Ver- 
mont and western New Hampshire. 
All beyond to the Canada line was 
the ranging ground of the St. Fran- 
cis tribe of Indians, who were in the 



impending war to fight in the inter- 
ests of the French. There was need 
of a strong fort. The requirement 
was met man fashion. A meeting 
duly called was held in the house of 
John Spofford, Jr., " for the purpose 
of considering the present circum- 
stances of affairs and the danger we 
are in of being assaulted by an 
enemy, in case a war should happen 
between the kingdoms of England 
and France." It was voted that the 
sum of /"300 be assessed "for com- 
pleting the fort so far that it may be 
convenient and defensible." Twelve 
other votes covering details were car- 
ried. The date of the meeting is 
November 24, 1743, the year before 
that of the declaration of war. 

The site of the fort is not definitely- 
known. The extent of the enclosure 
is stated by Rev. Dr. Crosby in his 
contribution to the collections of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society 
to have been three quarters of an 
acre. Of the structure itself Park- 
man in "A Half Century of Conflict," 
gives the following description : "The 
wall was of squared logs laid one up- 
on another and interlocked at the cor- 
ners after the manner of a log cabin. 
Within were several houses which 
had been built close together for mu- 
tual protection, and which belonged 
to Stevens, Spofford, and other set- 
tlers. Either they were built in a 
straight line or were moved back to 
form one, for when the fort was fin- 
ished the} 7 all backed against the 
outer wall so that their rools served 
to fire from." Five houses were thus 
converted to public use, and the sums 
allowed to their owners are recorded 
on the township records, the most 
modest being /"8, "voted to Moses 
Willard for his house." 



CHARLESTO WN— "NUMBER FOUR. 



95 



The fort, completed in 1745. was 
not visited by the enemy until the 
spring of 1747. The previous sum- 
mer had been disastrous to the settle- 
ment. The Indians were almost con- 
stantly at hand. "Eight of the sol- 
diers and inhabitants were slain and 
three carried away prisoners." It 
was impossible to cultivate the lands. 
In utter destitution both, fort and set- 
tlement were abandoned, and refuge- 
taken in various towns to the South. 
Captain Stevens, with his family, 
spent the winter in Northfield. To- 
ward the approach of spring he me- 
morialized Governor Shirley, setting 
forth the danger of the enemy's seiz- 
ing the fort and the importance of its 
being garrisoned. Consequently the 
order was issued for Captain Stevens 
with thirty men to march to No. 4 
and take possession. The arrival at 
the fort was on March 27, 1S47. The 
enemy, it would seem, were ahead}' 
approaching, as their presence was 
soon realized. 

The discovery can be best described 
by quoting the opening paragraph of 
the commander's realistic report to 
Governor Shirley, dated April 9, and 
preserved in Hoyt's "Antiquarian Re- 
searches," — " Our dogs being very 
much disturbed, which gave us rea- 
son to think that the enemy were 
about, occasioned us not to open the 
gate at the usual time ; but one of 
our men being desirous to know the 
certainty, ventured out privately to 
set 011 the dogs, about nine o'clock 
in the morning, and went about 
twenty rods from the fort firing off 
his gun and saying choboy to the 
dogs. Whereupon the enemy being 
within a few rods, immediately arose 
from behind a log and fired, but 
through the goodness of God the 



man got into the fort with only a 
slight wound." There was mani- 
festly no further reconnoitering. 

The force which immediately at- 
tacked the fort is popularly taken to 
have been 700 of French and Indians. 
This was the French captain's vaunt, 
in his dire threatening^ and call to 
surrender. Parkmau in the chapter 
headed, " The French Repulse," 
speaks of the attacking force as "a 
large war party of both French and 
Indians," and quotes from official 
records to which he had access in 
Paris that "its commander was 
Boucher de Niverville, ensign in the 
colony troops." 

Doubtless the command assigned 
to this officer was expected to be 
overpowering, as it certainly would 
have been except for the obstinacy 
of the men within the fort and the 
defective commissariat of those with- 
out. The first demand, that for un- 
conditional surrender, accompanied 
by the announcement that if the be- 
sieged men " made any further resis- 
tance or should happen to kill one 
Indian, they might expect all to be 
put to the sword," was duly brought 
before the little community, town- 
meeting fashion, the question being, as 
presented by the captain, "whether 
they would fight or resign," and 
" they voted to a man to stand it out 
as long as they had life," which re- 
sult was announced to Ensign Niver- 
ville. Thereupon the attack was re- 
sumed and continued through the 
night. On the next day came the 
proposal that " in case we would sell 
them provisions, they would leave 
and not fight any more," to which 
was returned the answer "that sell- 
ing them provisions for money was 
contrary to the law of nations, but" (the 



9 6 



CHARLESTO 1 1 r N— "NUMBER FO UR. ' 



offer which followed must in view of 
the nakedness of the land have been 
pure counter-bluff to the etiemy's previ- 
ous vaunting) " it they would send in 
a captive for every five bushels of corn 
I would supply them." This fancy 
sketch of abundant supply for long- 
sustenance seems to have daunted 
the besiegers, for it is added, " when 
this answer was returned, four or five 
guns were fired against the fort and 
they withdrew as we supposed, for 
we heard no more of them." 

But this decisive repulse was by no 
means easily secured. The defense 
was against desperate, starving men. 
The fighting would seem to have had 
only occasional intermissions for two 
days and nights. " In all this time," 
says the report in conclusion of the de- 
tails. " we had scarcely opportunity to 
eat or sleep. ... I believe men 
were never known to hold out with 
better resolution, for they did not 
seem to sit or lie still for one moment. 
There were but thirty men in the fort, 
and although we had some thousands 
of guns fired at us, there were but two 
men slightly wounded, viz., John 
Brown and Joseph Ely." 

The gratitude prevailingly felt in 
Massachusetts for the gallant defense 
of this outpost gave Captain Stevens 
more than a local reputation for 
valor. An appreciative tribute that 
he received from a somewhat distin- 
guished source was highly gratifying 
to him. "When the intelligence of 
this brave defense was received at 
Boston, Sir Charles Knowles, who 
happened to be at that station, was 
so highly gratified at the conduct of 
Stevens that he sent him an elegant 
sword, and No. 4, when it was in- 
corporated into a town in 1753, was 
called after the commodore's sur- 



name, Charlestown. ("Antiquarian 
Researches," p. 244.) 

In Vol. 53 of "The Archives," 
engrossed in fair copy, in the Massa- 
chusetts State library, correspon- 
dence between Sir Charles and Sec- 
retary Josiah Lincoln is preserved. 
The first letters relate to the loan of a 
vessel of light draught belonging to 
the province, which accommodation 
was granted. Meanwhile the secre- 
tary* was a guest of Sir Charles, and 
after the visit wrote him in terms of 
mingled compliment and reproof. 
There is courteously acknowledged 
in the letter a public, self-denying 
spirit, patriotism and high intellec- 
tual ability. The praise, however, 
is qualified by regret caused by a 
word dropped during the visit, which 
would seem to indicate the habit of 
irreverent speech. The reply of Sir 
Charles is apologetic and humble, 
and throws a sidelight on the charac- 
ter of the town's godfather. He re- 
ceives the admonition in a spirit of 
entire friendliness, claims that the 
practice is not common with him, 
and promises to be more watchful in 
the future. Especial regret is ex- 
pressed that he should have so far 
violated the laws of hospitality as to 
have, in such a manner, given cause 
of offense to his honored guest. 

At the initial town-meeting of the 
new muncipality Captain Stevens was 
elected first selectman and treasurer. 
He was reelected to the same offices 
in the following year, which proved 
to be the last year of his residence in 
Charlestown, and not far from his 
life's close. 

On the 20th of May, 1755, he sailed 
with his companj' from Boston for 
Nova Scotia, where they soon took 
part in the reduction of Fort Beau 



CHARLES TO J I r N— "NUMBER FO UR. 



Sejour, No other soldierly service 

was rendered, and it is known that 
the regiment was employed in bring- 
ing in Acadians for deportation. Of 
the ten months in Nova Scotia there 

is no personal record, except that of 
his last illness and his death, April 
6, 1756. in the 51st year of his age. 

It is not known that Stevens and 
Stark ever met after the close of their 
long- journej together from Canada. 
They were both captains in the Pro- 
vincial army, but Stevens when not 
at the fort was in detached service 
commanding a company of Rangers. 

Stark was, however, in his vigor- 
ous prime to occupy for a brief but 
critical period the fort which Stevens 
had valiantly defended. Charles- 
town, which had become an impor- 
tant centre of trade and in the War 
of the Revolution a post and a state 
depository of military stores, had 
modest bat essential part in the sig- 
nal victory at Bennington. It was 
the appointed place of rendezvous of 
the brigade that marched to the aid 
of their imperiled neighbors across 
the river with General Stark as its 
commander. "It was a stirring 
time when Charlestown was made 
the rendezvous of the soldiers of 
Stark as they were hurried forward 
to the Battle of Bennington, yet such 
was the activity of Colonel Hunt and 
his commissary that the various 
bodies of troops on their arrival were 
immediately supplied with their out- 
fit and made ready to pass on." 
General Stark wrote to the Commit- 



tee of Safety of New Hampshire July 
50, 1777 : "I forwarded to Colonel 
Whipple 250 men on the aSth. I 
sent another detachment off this day, 
and as fast as they come in will send 
them. I expect to march myself to- 
morrow or next day." 

When the -last soldier was de- 
spatched Benningtonward, the use- 
fulness of the fort came to an end. 
How long the structure remained in- 
tact is not definitely known. It is 
certain that not a vestige remains in 
place to mark its site. Tradition 
preserves its location only approxi- 
mately. 

Still less is known of the burial- 
place of Captain Stevens. That he 
died within the fort he had assisted 
in capturing, its name changed to 
Fort Cumberland, is quite certain. 
The burial was doubtless in the near 
vicinity. Of the fort, scattered relics, 
we are told, mark the place of the 
walled enclosure, but his grave no 
man knoweth. 

Stark, in early manhood educated 
in the Provincial army as a school of 
arms, lived to gain in his stalwart 
prime a signal, almost decisive, vic- 
tory in the War of the Revolution, 
and survived in vigorous old age to 
follow with deep interest the events 
of a second war with England. He 
died May 8, 1822, aged 93 years. 
His native state has fittingly com- 
memorated by statue conspicuously 
placed, the martial deeds of the dis- 
tinguished patriot soldier and loyal 
son of New Hampshire. 







X5T111-7 



9s 



"THE OLD SQUIRE LORD" HOUSE 
By John Livingston Wright. 



ES%5f"H}fSE expenditure of wealth 
Wmm ffl, is always to be com- 

1 V; v3 El 

& Vx \ ! ;.":i mended, and m no respect 
* a * <gftfefc> ^ is the spectacle more grati- 
fying tb.au when investment looks to 
the preservation of old landmarks. 
Thousands of fine old estates owe 
their perpetuation to the timely on- 
coming of the man of means who 
desires a retreat where he and his 
family may retire to a season of rural 
delights after the exacting routine of 
business or society. Outings and 
out of door life are what the nervous, 
active American in particular most 
requires. One of the most enduring- 
means of indulging in outing life 
may be attained through the fortu- 
nate possession of a country home. 

Thus, when Mr. William P. Fitz- 
gerald, the Boston copper magnate, 
purchased the famous " Old Squire 
Lord " house at Lord's Hill, Effing- 
ham, the circumstance was one that 
was not only hailed with pleasant 
anticipation by the carpenters, work- 
men, and residents generally 7 of this 
hillside neighborhood, but the act 
was in line with what all persons 
.interested in the maintenance of his- 
toric buildings and monuments like 
to see. It is a satisfaction to know 
that, after many years of neglect, this 
fine old mansion has become destined 
to a worthier fate than slowly rotting 
to the ground. It has been restored 
to a suggestion of its former great- 
ness. 

"The Old Squire Lord " house 
has been for generations a term typ- 
ical of grandeur and awesome tradi- 



tion round about Effingham. Many 
a little child has been entertained 
with marvelous stories about the 
wonderful days when the "Old 
Squire " was alive ; how rich he was 
and how queer; what an important 
man he was; in what magnificent 
estate he lived; and to cap all, there 
were the hair-raisiug accounts of 
rooms that became "haunted," and 
devious reports of weirdly-gotten 
wealth having been the basis of the 
Lord domain. Give a country neigh- 
borhood time and it will inevitably 
grow into possession of the suitable 
crop of fables and tales about any 
individual who arose to uncommon 
height in its midst. As the years 
creep on, little by little the halluci- 
nations and legends grow together, 
for there is none to contradict, and, 
finally, the stories converge into a 
sort of phantasmagoria most invul- 
nerable to the irreverent questioner. 
All he can get in response is: " Well, 
it has always been said." Thus, in 
regard to this old estate on Lord's 
hill, my grandmother (who was born 
and spent her days not ten miles 
away) used to say, with an ominous 
shake of the head, " They, allers said 
the Old Squire got his money by 
makin' a league with the sperits ! " 
Thus, as a small boy, my imagina- 
tion pictured wondrous deeds of this 
mighty man. He might have been a 
bold roamer of the sea and got un- 
told wealth in the taking of hapless 
prizes! Who knew? He might 
have been of the Knglish nobility 
and for some romantic and pathetic 



THE OLD SQUIRE LORD HOUSE. 



99 



reason consigned himself to exile in 
the wilds of America. He might 
have had huge pots of gold hidden 
on his estate and when in need of 
pocket money might have been in 
the habit of stealing out, at night, 
into some remote corner of a field, 
and, by the dim light of a tin lantern, 
reached his hand into heaps of coin ! 
Thus does a community come to ac- 
cept visions as facts. Despite, how- 
ever, the maze of romance that gossip 
has woven about the builder of this 
great house the truth about Isaac 
Lord, Esq , takes on a hue approach- 
ing more of the color of every day 
existence. 

In the late afternoon of a bleak 
day in November, 177S, there 
trudged along the lately-hewn trail 
toward the eminence now known as 
"Lord's Hill," a sturdy youth who 
carried a stout pair of cowhide boots 
upon his shoulder. Those boots 
were his evidence of aristocracy, for 
boots in those days were prized, 
and in order to preserve his dearly- 
bought footgear, this } r oung fellow 
walked barefooted and carried the 
boots upon his back. Also slung 
from his lusty shoulders was a bun- 
dle. If contained a tiny stock of mer- 
cantile wares, needles, pins, thread, 
and the like, the first stock of "goods 
for sale" ever brought into the 
hamlet. The exact oiigin of this 
stranger seems to be clouded in un- 
certainty. It is believed, however, 
that his birthplace was probably in 
the neighborhood of Berwick, Me. 
On the tombstone of his father, in 
Somersworth, N. H., appears the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

"Here lies the body of Samuel 
Lord, Esq., who was drowned the 
17th day of May and was taken up 



on Sunday 30,-1773, aged 38 years, 
3 mos." (The drowning took place, 
of course, in the Salmon Falls river.) 
With the coming of Isaac Lord sim- 
ultaneously arrived the concentrated 
essence of thrift. This was accom- 
panied by an insatiable capacity for 
work. These two important attrib- 
utes were engineered by a farseeing 
brain. In the history of America it 
has, thus far, been found that a man 
thus endowed is pretty likely to be 
heard from. It was not long until 
Lord was the big man of the settle- 
ment. He established himself in a 
comfortable home about a mile north 
of the "Hill," and had a slave, one 
Cato. The presence of Cato is com- ■ 
memorated by a small rise near the 
site of the old homestead which is 
known as " Cato's Hill." About 
17S0 Mr. Lord erected the large 
building at Lord's Hill square occu- 
pied by the present post-office. Its 
original purpose was for a store. 
Here, Lord waxed exceedingly pros- 
perous. He began to acquire lands, 
and to venture into lumbering among 
his other enterprises. In 1795 Lord 
was collector, the early proof of his 
determination to be a prominent man 
among his townsmen. The record 
books which he kept show a curious 
system of enumeration. Part of the 
record, up to March iS, 1796, re- 
vealed the use of the terms of Eng- 
lish money — pounds, shillings, pence. 
In June, 1797, he adopted the names 
of United States coin — dollars, dime's, 
cents, and mills. But in employing 
the new plan, he always drew a line 
down the page for the mills. Of 
course there were never any mills to 
be denoted, yet he invariably put the 
zero in the mills column. From en- 
trance as a boy, with little else than 



roo 



.THE OLD SOU] RE LORD HOUSE, 



his cunning brain and strong hands, 
Lord steadily progressed in material 
possessions until, in 1S02, he was 
listed in the poll hooks of Effingham 
as owning 1,654 acres of wild land, 
and tillage 35 acres. By 1864, this 
had grown to 2,684 acres, tillage 92 
acres. Far from "buccaneering" or 
inheriting wealth from feudal bar- 
ons, the monry of Isaac Lord came 
from his own brave enterprise. In a 
few years he married, and his wife is 
thought to have been a woman who 
aspired to a life reaching beyond the 
limits of this obscure nook in the 
hills. She wanted to reside in a city, 
and in a manner commensurate, to 
her mind, with the wealth and im- 
portance of her Lord (in name as 
well a*: hopes). After having helped 
build a public bridge and new roads, 
as well as assisting in the improve- 
ment of the place generally, for the 
records evince clearly that Isaac Lord 
was a most public-spirited citizen, he 
prepared to leave the scenes of his 
active commercial career. 

He bought a flue mansion in Port- 
land, forty miles distant. The house 
was a splendid type of the old Eng- 
lish manor. It was begun in 1765, 
but various changes had been made 
by the several owners, and at the 
time Lord came into possession, it 
had three stories and a low hip-roof 
surmounted by a wooden balustrade. 
Existence in the city did not prove 
so glorious as Lord and his ambi- 
tious spouse had imagined. Within 
a few years, they were back again 
at Lord's Hill. Then, with the re- 
mark, attributed to him by neigh- 
borhood tradition, that " He 'd rather 
be a king among hogs, thau a hog 
among kings," Isaac Lord began 
preparations for the construction of 



a house that should perpetuate his 
dignity and fame. In 1S22, a few 
rods from the public square and on 
the road leading to Em ugh am Falls, 
he built the "Old Squire Lord" 
mansion. Three boss carpenters 
were employed, and under their di- 
rection scores of laborers and me- 
chanics were hired for the. get- 
ting out of stone and the hewing 
of timber. The undertaking was an 
immense one. Hand-painted wall- 
paper, bricks, and furnishings were 
brought from England, coining in 
the sailing vessels from London to 
Portland harbor, and then hauled 
by ox teams inland from Portland. 
This venture of the "Squire" was 
the sole topic of conversation for 
miles and miles around. When the 
house was finally completed, there 
stood on the steep slope, a few hun- 
dred feet from the corners of the two 
roads, a memorable institution. In 
outline, the structure showed how 
faithfully the clever mind of the 
owner had led him to copy the out- 
line and general style of his former 
home in Portland. There were the 
three stories, the almost flat hip-roof, 
the wooden balustrade, the cupola or 
observation tower rising from the 
centre. 

The grounds about had been beau- 
tified in all possible degree. At the 
left of the main entrance to the 
grounds was a large artificial pond, 
upon which a couple of swans were 
gracefully- riding. Here and there 
were magnificent bowers of roses and 
foreign shrubbery. Terrace after ter- 
race led up to the great house. 
Within all was as sumptuous as the 
fancy of the owner could dictate. 
He was not an educated man, in the 
sense that the word is correctly used, 



THE OLD SQUIRE LORD HOUSE. 



101 



but he had remarkable powers of 
discernment, and he had copied in- 
to this structure every idea that 
he regarded as aristocratic or pomp- 
ons. On the dining-room walls was 
the hand-painted paper representing 
scenes from Venice. There was the 
massive fireplace and the great fire- 
dogs. In the parlor was the hand- 
painted paper poitraying actual Par- 
isian scenes. Northward, toward the 
huge barn, were the rooms for the 
hundred servants and laborers on the 
great farm of many i undred acres. 

And here, with a great house, and 
a great farm, Isaac Lord sat him 
down to be a great man. But the 
huge rooms seemed solemn and grue- 
some, sat in day by da} T and day by 
day. Amidst such regality, his sim- 
pler neighbois did scaice dare to 
look even within the large yard that 
the long iron chains, slung to numer- 
ous stone posts, enclosed. After all. 
in order to secure that most precious 
benison the human being can know, 
namely, communion with other hu- 
man beings, the disappointed old 
man had to resort to his store down 
in the square. There he could sit 
and meet his townsmen on a plane 
where they were not so awe-stricken, 
and could occasionally express an 
unbiased word to the mighty s; ge. 

The years came on. Isaac Lord 
bad to leave the mansion that he had 
thought to realize so much gratifica- 
tion in, and yet had actually found 
-so very little in. . He died, and was 
laid to his long sleep in the near-by 
plot that he himself had caused to be 
set apart. 

After the owner's death the estate 
gradually disintegrated. Acre by 
acre, piece by piece, it went out of 
the hands of the family. Some years 



later, a farmer who was living in the 
great house not having conventional 
use for a fraction of the rooms, was 
storing his corn in an upper cham- 
ber ! There was the weird tale of a 
certain apartment on the upper floor 
being "full of sperits." The door 
never could be kept shut. Close the 
door at night, it would be open in 
the morning. Here, years ago, tradi- 
tion had it that a crazy woman had 
been confined ; most of the time it 
had been neeessarv to keep her 
chained to the floor. Decay began 
to lay hold upon the structure. Sills 
began to come dowm, clapboards to 
drop off, desolation to hold sway. 
For years the house remained as a 
pathetic monument to the ambition 
of Isaac Lord. 

Then a new era for the old house 
began. It began when Mr. Fitz- 
gerald recently purchased the house 
and the hundred acres of laud sur- 
rounding. For a second time, an 
army of workmen were brought to 
the spot. The weeds, tangled bushes, 
decaying brandies and rubbish were 
speedily cleared aw r ay. Presently 
the loosened clapboards were nailed 
back in place, the roof repaired and 
resplendent in new paint, the Old 
Squire Lord house seemed to have 
renewed its-yemth. The glory of 
former days had returned in a day, 
as it were. Soon merry young peo- 
ple in picturesque costumes were 
trooping about the broad grounds, 
playing at the tennis aud croquet 
courts or lolling in the hammocks. 
Brilliancy and animation lent charm 
to the restored estate. The rehabili- 
tation of this fine old place had its 
reflex influence upon several other 
long-established homes in the village. 
It was not long until neighbors were 



102 MY VALEXTJXJ-:. 

"fixing up," too. The Fitzgeralds friend, visiting me," she said, ''asked 

were doubly welcome at Lord's Hill me if the Fitzgeralds were aristo- 

when the townspeople found the new cratic." "I told her I did not know, 

purchasers were people of kindliness for if they were, they were too well- 

and refinement. I enjoyed the in- bred to show it." May they spend 

cident told me by a lady who has many a delightful season in their 

long resided in the village. "A summer home at Lord's Hill. 



MY YALKNTIXK. 
By C. Jennie Sivaine. 

I found a yellow valentine. 

Wild roses clinging to it still, 
As sometimes ivy leaves will twine 

The spaces of lost bloom to fill. 
I wondered that these flowers should hold 

Their brilliant tints, their hearts of gold. 

Is it a sign that o'er the wave 

YYhere mortal barque but once may glide, 
Mindful of love that once they gave, 

Our dear ones wander to our side ? 
If so, your fond eyes look in mine 

Across this crumpled valentine. 

What holy dreams the sweet thought brings, 
As heaven and earth in message blend, 

Where cupids twine with angels' wings, 
This sweet remembrance to send. 

Tossed with forgotten things away, 
You must have sent it back to-day. 

Ah, had you lived I had forgot 

Y r ou sought me for your valentine ; 

Now wreaths of sweet forget-me-not 
Intwine your angel soul with mine. 

Had time its dreams of roses spared, 
You had forgot and I not cared, 

Had you but lived, these violets rare 
Were to the old dead summers thrust ; 

I '11 keep them now, with tender care, 
Because your heart is only dust. 

'Tis thus ; these roses of the past, 
We fondlv hold them to the last ! 



\03 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WOMAN. 1 



By Mrs. A r . Z 3 



7w; 




HE nineteenth century had a 
beginning, a middle, and an 
end. The beginning would 
never recognize the end, and 
would have to be introduced. The 
middle was so busy with scientific 
discovery and application, with lit- 
erary stars and meteors, that it had 
no time to contemplate either ex- 
tremity. In ferreting out the com- 
posite woman from these different 
parts of the century, we shall find 
such a divergence as will make it 
impossible to reduce the product to a 
single type. But it will never do 
to snub the early product of the 
century. 

The smoke of the French Revolu- 
tion had cleared away. Napoleon 
was seating his family and friends 
upon the thrones of European de- 
pendencies. The coast of America 
was ravaged by British vessels. Pub- 
lic buildings in Washington were 
destroyed. The attempts to seize 
Canada failed. Our currency was 
almost worthless. Not till 1814, after 
the abdication of Napoleon, was the 
treaty of peace signed at Ghent and 
tranquility restored. There, was not 
a railroad on the continent. Steam- 
ships were unknown. The first one 
crossed the Atlantic in 1S19. Fulton 
launched one upon the Hudson in 



180: 



Science, social, and indiu 



trial economics received little atten- 
tion. The unfolding and application 

1 Paper read befoie Molly Stark Chapter, D. A, 



of governmental principles, together 
with Indian adjustments and terri- 
torial expansion, occupied American 
statesmen. 

The American woman of this pe- 
riod bowed herself before two altars, 
in all reverence. I say reverence be- 
cause at that period of our history 
there was a reverence imbibed and 
diffused chat has become all too rare 
at the present time. The two altars 
of woman's reverence were home and 
church. The first she accepted with- 
out complaint as to its conditions or 
opportunities. The terrors and hard- 
ships of the war for independence 
and of Indian depredations made se- 
curity so sweet a boon that she asked 
little else. Perhaps the home, in its 
high, far-reaching sense, in its record 
as the conservator of liberty, did not 
consciously possess her soul, but she 
went about, from day to day, making 
firm what the Revolutionary soldiers 
had won. The hearth-fire blazed, 
the shining pewter or tin adorned the 
walls, the cradle was animated, her 
song of contentment filled the air. 
Carding, spinning, weaving, soap 
making, sewing, and knitting filled 
the sunlit hours, and by the light of 
tallow candles (also made at home) 
progressed into the dark ones. Far 
from nervous affection she thought it 
no hardship to saddle and bridle her 
horse and go to mill, or upon any 
errand of mercy or social duty. To 

R., of Manchester, Saturday, January 6, 1900. 



IG4 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WOMAN. 



be mistress of a home was not a dim 
possibility for which young women 
waited silently and sadly. It was a 
burning certainty, and its simple re- 
quirements were known at an early 
age. 

I do not know how tender was the 
chief sentiment of home, but it was 
strong, and rarely suffered dislodg- 
ment. Its inception was not hin- 
dered by lack of means. The follow- 
ing is a true story : There lived in a 
New England town, in the early part 
of the century, two young men, each 
ready to start h^ for himself. They 
were firm friends, a kind of Damon 
and Pythias, with Dionysius left out. 
These friends were in love with and 
wished to marry the same 3*011 ng 
lady. It ought, to be said that the 
young woman was absolutely 7 the 
only one in town. Here was a dra- 
matic situation ? Would the friends 
become enemies? Would there be a 
duel ? Not at all. One of the friends 
said to the other, " Take her and be 
happy:*' 

Now there is one curious thing 
about this stor3 r . If is not recorded 
that the lady had any choice between 
the friends, nor is it intimated that 
her feeling in the matter had any 
weight. The supposition is that her 
choice was transferable. The swain 
that made the sacrifice did not take 
to the violin nor to poison. He 
simply visited an adjoining town, 
met there by chance another young 
woman, Mary Grout by name, and 
learning a lessor, by his former ex- 
perience, he suffered no chance to 
arise of a second interference with 
his choice. The wedding day was 
named before he left town some two 
days. 

Now this woman was typical of the 



New England home maker of that 
period. She reared a large family of 
American citizens, and her crown of 
motherhood lends brightness to-da>' 
in the United States congress. She 
was a direct progenitor of ex-Gov- 
ernor W. W. Grout of Vermont. 
Once, when all the men in the place 
where Brattleboro now stands were 
away from home, there was an alarm 
of Indians. She instantly put to- 
gether an ox-team, and going about 
from house to house carried ever3 r 
woman and child to a block house, 
where m safety they T awaited the 
coming of the men. Such were the 
home makers of that period — the 
New England women of the early r 
nineteenth century. 

The altar of religion w*as found in 
the home and was a part of it. Its 
stern principles and pure faith en- 
circled the women of that period like 
an aureole. It was the still call to 
devotional exercise, the pledge to 
upright behavior and right thinking, 
the sta3 r in sorrow, the appeal in 
perplexit\ T , the chief foundation stone 
in character building. The Southern 
woman of this period touched into a 
somewhat finer tenure by the plume 
of chivalry, and by climatic influ- 
ence, did not rise above her Northern 
sisters in physical or mental vigor, or 
any essential virtue. The avenues 
open to women for intellectual or 
industrial improvement, North or 
South, were necessarily few, and, 
though other influences were at work, 
her chief activities were given to 
home and church. 

The next, or middle period of the 
century, is the formative one of the 
wonderful, newly-fledged nineteenth 
century woman. For the better un- 
derstanding of this woman I shall 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WOMAN. 



105 



consider the middle century period, 
under a type not of the most numer- 
ous but of the most influential in 
bringing about present conditions. 
The peace of Ghent, the rapid ac- 
quisition of territory, the building of 
railroads and manufactories, the bet- 
tering of schools and churches and 
homes, steam navigation and the tel- 
egraph, could not silence the discon- 
tent that existed between the slave- 
holding and the non-slaveholding 
states. Whenever new territory was 
acquired, the burning question to be 
settled was. " Shall it be a slave or a 
free state? " The Missouri compro- 
mise came as early as 1S20. In 
183 1 William Lloyd Garrison estab- 
lished in Boston the Liberator in 
which he said, " I will not equivo- 
cate, I will not excuse, I will not 
retreat a single inch, and I will be 
heard." From this time on to the 
Civil War the great anti-slavery 
struggle was in progress. 

This struggle would not concern 
us much here and now were it not 
for the fact that this movement first 
drew American women to consider 
what they could do to better the 
political conditions in which they 
lived. As typical of this period I 
will mention the case of two Southern 
women, whom it was my good for- 
tune to know well, and one of whom, 
the wife of Theodore D. Weld, may 
be known to some of you. These 
sisters, Angelina and Sara Grimkie, 
usually called the Grimkie sisters, 
were reared in affluence in South 
Carolina. Judge Grimkie of the su- 
preme court of that state was a man 
of large means and cultured tastes. 
The family home was beautiful in 
'every way save that it held slaves. 
Both Angelina and- Sara took a 



course of social triumphs, with ac- 
companying fine apparel, when in 
their teens. Gradually deep religi- 
ous convictions changed the tenor of 
their thoughts. One day there was 
a cushion to be stuffed and Angelina 
brought out solemnly lace flounces 
and kerchiefs, and ribbons, and other 
flimsy things, and filling the cushion 
with them went her way. This was 
but a beginning of her man}' sacri- 
fices. The slaves that were given 
her for her own use she promptly 
freed, and Sara did likewise. The 
noise of the auti -slavery agitation in 
the North brought them, after hot 
tears of separation had been- shed, to 
the scene of conflict, and for many 
years they devoted all their energies 
to the anti-slavery cause. Angelina, 
with her gentleness, her womanly 
purity, her direct naturalness and 
simplicity, her fire of conviction, car- 
ried everything before her. As she 
could control the tide of thought, so 
she could still the violence of mobs. 
On one occasion she arose amid a 
shower of missiles that w r ere hurled 
through crashing window's and stood 
so still and fearless that the mob ele- 
ment was hushed, ana as she w T ent 
on it gathered to listen at the open- 
ings made by its own violence. Sara 
was more self-conscious, and not so 
delightful a speaker, though she was 
equally devoted in spirit. Angelina, 
beautiful of face and figure, thought 
no sacrifice too great for the cause of 
freedom. She spoke repeatedly be- 
fore the Massachusetts legislature in 
the interest of better laws. She be- 
came the wife of Theodore D. Weld, 
and to illustrate one of her truest 
charms I want to say that one of her 
sisters, a pro-slavery woman, came to 
reside with her after the war had 



io6 



THE NINETEENTH CEXl'URY WOMAN. 



oveturned affairs in South Carolina. 
In the presence of that sister no visi- 
tor, no member of the household was 
permitted to drop a word that could 
remind her she was not among peo- 
ple of her own belief. Even the 
praises of Sumner were hushed when 
this dark-eyed Southerner came into 
the room. 

I feel the impossibility of picturing 
that woman in the purity of her de- 
votion to relief of suffering in all 
forms and to the advancement of 
what is noblest in humanity. Her 
death was the direct result of linger- 
ing at the deathbed of a friendless 
sufferer until much exhausted. May 
I quote a little from the words of 
Wendell Phillips, spoken at her fu- 
neral. At her Hyde Ta r k home the 
shutters swung wide that the sun's 
rays she so loved might stream in un- 
hindered, where there w T as no crape, 
no costly trappings, but everything 
light and simple and true. Wendell 
Phillips said : 

" When I think of Angelina there 
comes to me the picture of the spot- 
le>s dove, in the tempest, as she bat- 
tles with the storm, seeking for some 
place to rest her foot. She reminds 
me of Innocence personified in Spen- 
ser's poem. The eager soul must 
work, not rest in testimony. Coming 
North at last she makes her own 
religion one of sacrifice and toil. 
Breaking away from, rising above all 
forms, the dove floats at last in the 
blue sky, where no clouds reach. 
Farewell for a little while. God 
keep us fit to join thee in that 
broader service on which thou hast 
entered." 

I have considered thus long the 
course of Angelina Grimkie because 
her life was typical in a movement 



that through bitter opposition made 
its way up to the great world-wide 
triumph of the late nineteenth cen- 
tury. There were others of a similar 
type. Lydia Maria Child was ready 
to sacrifice her literary reputation if 
need be in the conflict. The work 
of Harriet Beecher Stowe need not 
be mentioned. Lucy Stone, who 
went through Oberlin college with 
only one best dress, and hardly any 
minor dresses, was fearless and de- 
voted. Mary A. Livermore, our be- 
loved Julia Ward Howe, and others 
all along the line, were touched into 
an activity that never rested. 

The anti-slavery workers came to 
feel the injustice of their positions 
when at a convention in London the 
women were denied the right to sit 
as cjualified delegates. In 1S4S, at 
Seneca Falls, N. Y., the first woman 
suffrage convention was held. Its 
announcement passed Qver the nation 
in a smile of derision. Woman suf- 
frage, indeed ! Were men to darn 
stockings and rock cradles? Eliza- 
beth Cady Stanton, Susan B. An- 
thony, beautiful Lucretia Mott, in her 
Quaker garb, were among the speak- 
ers. Editors grew funny. One of 
them remarked that Miss Anthony's 
feet did not steal in and out of her 
skirts like mice. Few shafts were 
directed at Mrs. Stanton. The 
daughter of Judge Cady, the wife of 
Henry Stanton, commanded respect. 
Nobody could resist her smile, her 
distinguished bearing. Once an Al- 
bany editor grumbled a little about 
her during a convention held there. 
When at the evening session she 
came gracefully and smilingly for- 
ward and proposed that a bottle of 
Mrs. Winslow's soothing syrup be 
immediately tendered the wri.ter. 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WOMAN, 



107 



At that time married women bad 
no property rights. The woman who 
toiled all day for her pittance must, 
per force, give it to her husband at 
night, if he asked ior it. There 
were few industrial avenues open to 
women, and those were poorly paid. 
Twenty thousand women earned 
their bread at starvation prices in 
New York city. Mothers could not 
claim the guardianship of their minor 
children. Since that time in all the 
Eastern, Northern, Western, and 
Middle states the laws relating to 
the personal property rights of mar- 
ried women and widows have ma- 
terially changed in consequence of 
this movement. In eight states 
women are equal guardians with 
their husbands of their minor chil- 
dren. Four states, Utah, Idaho, 
Wyoming, and Colorado, have given 
women full suffrage. There are 
thousands of women physicians, a 
hundred or more ministers, perhaps 
half as many lawyers, while many 
lucrative avenues of labor are wide 
open to them. In this industrial 
competition there are sociological 
problems unsolved, stdl the condi- 
tions are much improved. Mrs. 
Stanton's fine head stands 211 mar- 
ble beside that of Wendell Phillips. 
Miss .Anthony, who bore such show- 
ers of abuse, is an honored guest 
among the nobility of England, and 
was invited by the queen to visit at 
Windsoi castle. She ministers to 
her audiences in the old way ; but 
they sit in hushed admiration, re- 
specting, if they cannot adopt her 
convictions. 

The women of the late nineteenth 
century ewe more than they will 
ever know to the high courage and 
fidelity to principle of the middle 



century woman. Women's colleges 
have risen from what Oberlin was in 
the days of Horace Mann, from what 
Mount Holyoke was at its inception, 
to the splendidly equipped institu- 
tions of Wellesley, Radcliff, Bryn 
Mawr, Smith, Vassar, Lassell, and 
many others. From these institu- 
tions, from art and industrial pur- 
suits, from cultured homes, comes 
the late nineteenth .century woman. 
She is all about us. She fills the air 
with a feminine force and energy 
that is felt in all departments of life. 
She plans and executes. She dashes 
over the golf-links, climbs mountains, 
hunts, whirls through space on a 
wheel, swims, fences, plays basket- 
ball, understands football, and knows 
when to wave her flag on the field. 
She moves about the home with a 
clear light in her eyes, with ministra- 
tion in all her movements. She 
does not lk sit on a cushion and sew a 
fine seam, and live upon strawberries,. 
sugar, and cream. Her appetite is 
excellent, and her food quite the or- 
dinary kind. Her fine physique does 
not even succumb to age. Does any- 
body know of an old woman ? " 

She has reared about her under- 
takings a great defense of organiza- 
tion. She is organized for charity, 
philanthropy, music, education, phy- 
sical culture, psychic research, so- 
ciology, suffrage, needlework, domes- 
tic science, business, temperance, lit- 
erature, civics, art, parliamentary law, 
social good times, patriotism, and so 
on. She uses the committee system 
in doing business. She makes mo- 
tions, as a surprised Manchester 
scientist said, "as naturally as can 
be." She speaks with ease and 
keeps to the point. She scans the 
globe with the white light of investi- 



io8 



THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WOMAN. 



gation and coins the result for the 
club world. 

In legislation her work is for the 
most part, behind the throne. There 
she has an influence that ripples the 
civilized world. In art her place is 
an honored and a growing one. In 
education she is seated among the 
councilors, and is found in every de- 
partment that follows down the line. 
When Yale offered her its Ph. D. the 
response was a final answer to the 
brilliant query of T. W. Higginson, 
"Ought. Women to Learn the Al- 
phabet?" 

In business there are conspicuous 
examples of her success. Asking for 
money is fast fading away from her 
perplexities and her assets are grow- 
ing. In philanthropy she is a pow- 
er, whether it be on the business or 
on the humanity side. 

There are shining examples in our 
own city, in our own organization, of 
her activities in this direction. A 
Manchester woman went before the 
New Hampshire legislature and by her 
argument there and her efforts else- 
where caused the enactment of a law 
that placed the children of paupers 
where they would, at least, have one 
chance to be somebody. 

Nor was this all. The board of 
charities will in future inspect jails, 
houses of correction, reform schools, 
all departments of almshouses, and 
extend their protecting care over the 
defectives of the state. Also the 
accounts of the county commissioners 
will be audited. The fight was very 
bitter as you know, and the victory a 
proud one. 

The revered treasurer of the Wo- 
man's Aid Home has performed a 
work that is felt all over our city and 
state. Other officers of that institu- 



tion are worthy of all praise. The 
word auxiliary in Manchester when 
applied to an institution means 
women workers. The power of this 
work in hospital or mission work is a 
great, I had almost said the chief, 
power. Manchester women have 
built up oar Children's Home. 
There are brighter exa.mples and 
more widely known of the late nine- 
teenth century woman in philan- 
thropy ; but we are more than sat- 
isfied with the record of our own 
city. 

Jane Addams has done a peerless 
work in Chicago. Hull House is 
almost a university. Three large 
buildings are used in its work and 
her exposition of adapting methods 
of instruction to all conditions and 
nationalities shows a clear concep- 
tion of the different ways there are to 
reach an obscure intellect. The New 
York settlement followed closely the 
Hull House in 18S9. The last de- 
cade has, under the College Settle- 
ments Association, established eighty 
settlements in America. All erected 
and supported by the nineteenth cen- 
tury woman. 

In literature she is well up v on the 
immortal scroll by reason of faithful 
service. As a writer she is not only 
honored but is paid. Now comes a 
hint which may not materialize, that 
she will reinstate the old-time French 
salon in New York city, bringing 
political and literary discussion into 
an atmosphere of beauty and refine- 
ment, and at the same time redeem- 
ing and strengthening the so-called 
lost art of conversation. I need not 
add that the new woman is promi- 
nent and that she likes it; she is 
prominent in philanthropy, educa- 
tion, societv, literature, the home, 



MY SNOW MAIDEN. 



1 09 



everything that moves up and on. 
She helps to organize the world's 
increase for comparison, and sends 
laden ships over the water on errands 
of mercy. She has reared a standard 
of intellect and all its stars are true. 
Artificial distinctions sound, hollow in 
the air that surrounds her. In one 
of the continental congresses of our 
order a woman arose and said : M No 
organization can succeed that does 
not rate its members and honor them 
according to their own. individual 
merit." That idea sounds in the 
bugle call of the nineteenth century 



woman. It was the leading one in 
the minds of those who founded our 
republic. 

Lowell says that Americanism is 
thinking yourself no better or worse 
than your neighbors because of any 
artificial distinction. Guizot once 
asked him, " How long do you 
think the American republic will 
endure?" "So long," he replied, 
"as the ideas of its founders continue 
to be dominant." If then the nine- 
teenth century woman is guarding 
these ideas, she is the proud conser- 
vator of American liberty. 



MY 



SNOW MAIDEN 



By A. P. S. 

'* She 's coming," the breezes whisper low, 
That lightly, softly kiss her cheek, 
My heart cannot but quickly beat, 
At sight of her I worship so. 

Her timid look makes my heart brave, 
Her eyes meet mine — I tremble now — 
Where is the courage that I crave ? 
Why does my spirit lowly bow? 

The 'flaky whiteness stealing down 
Nestles in her shining hair 
For her drooping lashes make a crown, 
I like to see it hiding there. 

Her hands, like birds within their nest, 
In furry muff are nestling warm, 
She 's here — I care not for the rest 
For what may come of good or harm. 



Little Snow Maiden ! sweet and pure, 
Fpirer llian anything can be. 
I care for nothing else, but now 
And always have her near to me. 



\D 



SOME NOTES ON THOMAS PACKER. 
By Irving A. Watsmu 



jff^pFXV HAMPSHIRE was for- 
H |v j$j tunate in its Colonial period, 
a WM\ * n having a relatively large 
IjjggjgjJ nuin b er f men f perhaps 



more than ordinary ability, and es- 
pecially is this true of the medical 
profession, from which were de- 
veloped judges, generals, governors, 
members of congress, as well as 
many officials of lesser note. 

Biographies of many of these have 
been written, but there is one worthy 
of a record, who. so far as the writer 
can ascertain, has received only the 
briefest mention in history — Dr. 
Thomas Packer. 

He was regularly educated for the 
medical profession in Loudon, came 
to this country when a young man, 
and resided for a short time in Salem, 
Mass. From the latter place he re- 
moved to Portsmouth about 1687, 
where he remained until his death, 
in the year 1724. Pie was probably 
the third physician of Portsmouth, 
Ilenald Fcrnald being the first, and 
John Fletcher the second. 

Dr. Packer was a man of marked 
ability, and not only attained emi- 
nence in medicine and surgery, but 
also in military and civil life. It is 
from fragments from here and there, 
and from manuscripts in the posses- 
sion of the state, that the few facts 
herein given have been obtained. 

Dr. Packer held the offices of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the militia, Judge 
of Probate for the province for many 



years. Judge of Common Pleas. Judge 
of the Superior Court, as well as other 
official positions. As Judge of Com- 
mon Pleas he was superseded in 1695. 
He was dismissed from tiie offices of 
Lieutenant-Colonel in the militia and 
Judge of Probate for the province in 
1697, by the President of the Council, 
when public sentiment was divided 
by political disputes. In the year 
1717 he was appointed Judge of the 
Superior Court, and on July 17 of 
that year took the oath of office. 

In 17 19 he was appointed Coun- 
cilor, and held the office until his 
death. Pie was a representative to 
the General Assembly from Ports- 
mouth at the time of his appointment 
as Councilor; was chosen speaker of 
the former in 17 17, and held the 
office until he was made Councilor. 

He presented a bill of ten pounds 
to the Council as early as Jul}'. 1697, 
probably for professional services dur- 
ing- the French and Indian troubles. 
His name appears upon a petition in 
1689. He was justice of the peace 
in 1693. In 1693 he was captain of 
a military company, as it would seem 
from an order issued to him by the 
Council, commanding him to direct 
the clerk of his company to " levy by 
distress and sale of the several per- 
sons goods hereinunder mentioned, 
the sum of five shillings on each per- 
son, for their not appearing with their 
arms" on a certain day as the law 
directed. 



SOME NOTES OX THOMAS PACKER. 



in 



Iu 1693 one Elizabeth Fabens com- 
plained to the Council that, he had 
charged her three pounds for probat- 
ing a will, and the Council ordered 
that "Capt. Packer forbear to grant 
any Probate of Wills, or Letters of 
Administration, till farther ordered ;" 
and at a subsequent meeting " Or- 
dered, That Capt. Tho. Packer re- 
turn back the money to the widow." 

He was actively engaged in his 
military capacity, and in July, 1694, 
was ordered to march with his men 
to the relief of Oyster River. Pie re- 
ported to the Council relative to the 
massacre at Oyster River, as follows : 

"Portsmo., July iSth [[694]. 
" Just now arriued a post from Oyster Riiier, 
The Indians haue desired-eel the place killed & 

burned all they could. Nere haue Escaped 

and are too badly wounded dee not kuow but 
they be all o rer our firontiers. 

" Wait y r Honors Mention 

'* Tho. Packer." 

In 1694 the Council appointed him 
one of the committee of three to re- 
ceive and examine the ''accounts of 
the Province debts." 

I;r. Packer's activity in military 
affairs led to his promotion. In May, 
1696, Lieutenant-Governor Usher di- 
rected the Council to take due care 
of " y € souldiers in y e King's pay; 
w th if nott Col. Packer is not oblidged 
to continue them outt." Dr. Packer 
was evidently a man of large execu- 
tive ability, and was looked upon as 
such by Lieutenant-Governor Usher, 
as may be seen by the latter' s letters 
to the Council, in which he is fre- 
quently mentioned. The Council 
conferred upon him special powers at 
times, in his capacity as lieutenant- 
colonel. On January 19, i6g6- y g-j, 
the Council "Ordered that notice be 
given by the Secretary from this 
Board to Lt. Col. Thomas Packer, 



that for the future he do not exercise 
the ofhee of Lt. Colonel over the 
Militia of the Province, nor that of 
Judge of the Probate of Wills and 
Grant Letters of Administration, by 
being hereby dismissed from both 
these ofnees." This action was 
probably taken at the instance of 
Lieutenant-Governor Usher, between 
whom and Colonel Packer it is evi- 
dent from other records the best of 
relations did not exist at that time. 
Colonel Packer was charged with 
having granted warrants to raise 
men, under a warrant from Mr. 
Usher, in a manner not exactly in 
accord with the latter document. 
Pie was directed to appear before the 
Council to explain, and after receiv- 
ing an "admonition," and acknowl- 
edging the government he was dis- 
missed. The feeling against Usher, 
among the Council and the leading 
men of the province, became so great 
that he was superseded iu his office 
in 1697 by Lieutenant-Governor Par- 
tridge. 

In the Council records of 1703, 
July 3, bills were allowed Dr. Packer 
for "expenses upon the two Indian 
Treaties." From same records, Feb- 
ruary 2_j, i703-'o4 : "Mr. Thomas 
Packer's Debenter amounting to i£ : 
6s : 7d, for entertaining an P'xpress, 
and some Indians about making In- 
dian Shoes &c," was allowed and 
ordered to be paid out of the next 
Province Rate in course. 

"Mr. Thomas Packer's Debenter, 
am to eight pounds, for fire and can- 
dles for the Governour, Council and 
Representatives, in the year 1703; 
allowed him six pounds, and ordered 
to be paid ut supra." 

February 17. 1704, he was allowed 
a sum for "entertaining Capt. M01- 



112 



SOME NOTES ON THOMAS PACKER. 



ris Commander of Her Maj'tys shipp 

Advice, and several Dinners for her 
Iviaj'tys Council, «xc. ; " also " y Ib for 
fire and candles from February 1703, 
to February 1704.'* 

May 8, 1705, he was paid " tenn 
pounds, two shillings, nine pence, 
for entertaining his Excellency and 
attendance." It would seem that 
Dr. Packer was again, at this time, 
on harmonious terms with the pro- 
vincial authorities. His " entertain- 
ing " the governor seems to have 
been reciprocated to a certain extent, 
for we find upon the records of the 
Council, September 5, 1705, the fol- 
lowing : "His Excellencys Letter 
dated Boston the 20th Aug', 1705, 
signifying to the Council that he ad- 
vises and directs that they forthwith 
fortify Mr. Packer's house at the 
Bank, either with Square Timber 
and two regular Flankers, or with 
Stone and brick, and that the Line of 
the town be Reformed, and the 
Watches duly kept," etc. 

The Committee of Militia of the 
town of Portsmouth "ordered Col. 
Packer's house to be fortified as a 
Garrison House for the defense of 
the Subjects against the French and 
Indian Enemy," and selected several 
persons to defend it. This order was 
not speedily carried out, so the Coun- 
cil at its meeting September 20, di- 
rected " Mr. Packer's house to be 
forthwith fortified." . . I In the 
meantime the governor had learned 
of the delay, and again under 
date of May 10, 1706, directed that 
"Colonel Parker's House in Ports- 
mouth be forthwith fortified in good 
form, to receive the women and chil- 
dren, &c." 

Whether the finances of Dr. Pack- 
er became somewhat impaired or not 



at this time, is open to conjecture 
from the following entry in the 
records of the Council, July 29. 1706: 
" Whereas there is a warrant given 
to Mr. Thomas Packer for io ib , 2 s , 9**, 
being the proportion of this Province 
for entertaining his Excellency in 
May 1705, out of which several per- 
sons are to be paid several sums : 

"Ordered, That the Treasurer, 
when the said Packer comes to de- 
mand the io lh , 2% g'\ take care that 
the said several sums belonging to 
the several persons be first deducted 
out of the said io lb , 2 s , g a ; and by the 
Treasurer paid them accordingly, be- 
ing for Hay, Graine, &c." 

It appears that the meetings of the 
Council, Assembly, and Courts were 
held in Dr. Packer's house. Under 
date of July 30, 1706, the Council 
ordered that "unless Colonel Thomas 
Packer accepted the terms offered 
him by the Treasurer, about the two 
rooms for the Council and Assembly 
and the courts, that the Treasurer 
speak to Mrs. Harvye for two rooms 
in her house for the Council and As- 
sembly to sit in ; and that the Courts- 
be held at the Meeting House." 
Satisfactory arrangements were, how- 
ever, soon effected. The records of 
October 10, 1706, contain the follow- 
ing • " The Council, having discoursed 
Colonel Thomas Packer for the rooms, 
one to hold the Courts in and the 
Assembly to sit ; the other for the 
Gov. and Council to meet in — It was 
agreed, that the said Packer have 
8 lb a year for the said rooms ; the 
rent to commence from the 25th July, 
1706 : the said Packer to find Chairs,. 
Tables, See." 

In 1707 1 nomas Packer's name ap- 
pears among the jurymen, with place 
of abode Great Island. From the 



SOME NOTES ON THOMAS PACKER 



1 1 



records of the Council, October 22, 
1707: " Thomas Packer his ac- 
count Am to two pounds four shil- 
lings, for administering physic to 
Benjamin Lainperil, a soldier in the 
Expedition to Nova Scotia, was al- 
lowed and ordered to be paid out of 
the Treasury." "Thomas Packer, 
his account am to four pounds, lor 
fire and candles for the year 1706, 
and allowed, was ordered to be paid 
out of the Treasury." " Thomas 
Packer, his Debenter Am to 16 : 8 — 
for Wine and Beer, allowed and or- 
dered to be paid out of the Treasury.'* 

Dr. Packer's financial standing at 
this time must have been excellent, 
a^ he was accepted by Governor Dud- 
ley as one of the two sureties re- 
quired of Thomas Hrdlard. to guaran- 
tee fulfilling the commission and in- 
structions as commander of the ship 
Neptune, "burthen two hundred 
Turns, or there abouts, mounted 
with sixteen gunns, with the said 
shipp and Company to warr, fight, 
take, kill, suppress, and destroy 
any pirates, privateers, or other the 
subjects or vassals of France or 
Spane." 

On November 17, 17 10, the Coun- 
cil allowed his bill of nine pounds for 
" Entertaining His Excellency Gen- 
eral Nicholson, Leut. Governor 6c 
Council &c, on Thursday the 16 th 
Currant, being a day of Thanksgiv- 
ing for the success of Her Majesties 
Forces at port Royal.":' 

Dr. Packer was, undoubtedly, a 
good entertainer, for in December, 
1713, the Council ordered the Treas- 
urer, when he knew of General 
Nicholson's coming into the prov- 
ince, to "acquaint Col. Packer there- 
of in order to provide for his recep- 
tion, &c, at his the said Packer's 

xxviii— S 



bouse." In July, 1714, the gover- 
nor, General Nicholson, and some 
Indian Sachems were at Portsmouth, 
as the guests of the province, and 
were entertained at Packer's. Usher 
was again lieutenant-governor, and 
came to Portsmouth a few days prior 
to the reception of the distinguished 
visitors, and presided at the meetings 
of the Council. At the meeting of 
August 2, immediately following the 
entertainment, he asked the treasurer 
to bring in Packer's bill, which was 
done. The records say "The said 
Ace* being read, it is lookt upon as 
noe proper acc c and therefore, Or- 
dered, That the said Colonel Packer 
be directed to draw out an Ace' of 
the number of persons that dined 
every day, and of the quantity of the 
sorts of liquors," and that it be re- 
ferred to a committee for examina- 
tion. Usher apparently had not for- 
gotten old relations during the lapse 
of a few years. s 

October 6, 1703, he presented the 
following bill to the Council and 
General Assembly for entertaining 
Major- General Povey : 

"Majr. Gent!. Povey's Bill for Diet and Lodg- 
ing- Augt. ye 13^, 1703, 
Due to Thomas Packer. 
13 Aug. 1703, Maj. Genii. Povy, Dr. 



To 1 pt. wine egs & bacon 

14, to breakfast, 4tl, 1 pt. wine 
iod, 5 meals . 

To Madara, 2s., Grean wine, 2s. 6d. 

15, to breakfast 4d., to 5 meals, 

iOi; ; 2 qts. Grean wine, 3s, 

4d 

to 1 qt. Grean, r qt. madara . 

16, to breakfast, 1-2 pt. wine, 5d., 

to 6 meals, 12s 
to madara and Grean wine . 

17, to breakfast, 4<lv, to 5 meals . 
to 2 qts of Grean wine . 

iS, to breakf't. id., to 3 meals, 
10s., Grean wine, 2qts., 3s., 
4 d. . . . . . 



£. s. d. 
00 : or : 06 

00 : 10 : 00 
00 : 04 : 06 



00 : 13 : oS 
00 : 02 : 10 

1 00 : 1 2 : 09 

00 : 03 : o3 
00 : 10 : 04 
00 : 03 : 04 



00 ■ 09 



ii4 



SOME NOTES ON Til 'DMAS PACKER. 



^ 



19 to brenk., .4 meals, 8s., ^qts. 








Grean wine, 5s. 


00 


• '3 


: 04 


21 to meals, jjs.. 1 qt. -wine, is. 








Sd 


00 


: 05 


: 08 


22, to breakft., 3 meals, 6s., 1 qt. 








wine, 13s. 8d. 


00 


: 08 


: a) 


23 to 3 meals, 6s., 3 pt. wine, 2s. 








6d 


00 


;09 


: 01 


24 to break, 3 meals, 6s., 3 pt 








wine, 2s. 6d 


00 


:cq 


: 01 


23 to break.. .) meals, Ss., 2 qts. 








G. wine, 1 pt. raada. . 


CO 


: 12 


:oS 


27 to breakf.,4 meals, Ss., : botll. 








wine 


00 : 


10 : 


00 


To your man's diet .... 


00 : 


12 


: 00 


To your chamber, 6s. yr man's lodg- 








ing, 2S 


00 : 


oS : 


: 00 


To.keeping yr hors 36 claies & nights 


01 : 


iG : 


; 00 


To keeping yr man's hors 14 daies 








& nig-hls .... 


00 : 


U : 


00 


Zio: 


10 : 


01 



Upon tliis bill he was allowed nine 
pounds and six shillings ; it is not 
stated en what items the deduction 
was made. 

In 1707, under date of April 7, 
the following appears upon the jour- 
nal of the Council and Assembly : 
"It being reported at this Board 
that Colonel Thomas Packer, Chi- 
rurgeon, has taken the Indian squaw 
lately wounded under his care and 
protection, to be cured, It is there- 
fore directed that the said Packer 
proceed in curing the said Indian 
Squaw, and that the charge thereof 
be paid in proportion by the Massa- 
chusetts and this Government," 

In October following Dr. Packer 
sent a bill to the Assembly of jg£, 
6s., for " provisions and medicines 
for the wounded Squaw," most of 
which was allowed. What propi- 
tious circumstances favored the 
squaw's receiving such handsome 
treatment, at a time when the prov- 
ince was paying five pounds for an 
Indian scalp, the record does not 
show. At a little later date, May 12, 
1711, the Assembly "Voted, That 



for Indian man slayn in the Prov- 
ince sixty pounds, for every woman 
thirty pounds, and for every minor 
or Papoose, fifteen pounds to be payd 
out of the Treasury." 

July 16, 17 13, a bill was allowed to 
Dr. Packer by the Council " for Rent 
for the Court House, Council Cham- 
ber, and lire and candies," sbowine 
that these bodies still met in his 
ho/use. In May, 17 iS, the following 
occurs in the journal of the House : 
"Mem: It being ye time of ye sit- 
ting of ye Superiour Court, ye House 
adjourned from ye Court House to 
ye great room in Mr. Speakr. Pack- 
er's house." 

With all his public and official 
duties, Dr. Packer practised his pro- 
fession. The following entry in the 
records of the Council, while he was 
a Councilor, under date of May 30, 
1723, indicates this : 

" N° 13 an account Signed Thorn 8 
Packer for house rent fireing and 
Candles i^£ and 2£ for visiting two 
vessels and also another acc { for Medi- 
cines &c am° to 5 lb . 6d we allow as 
follows (viz) 

" For house rent fireing ecc as pr 
Establishm' For visiting two vessels 
2 days and for the aect of $£. 6d. we 
refer it to the assembly." 

The Assembly voted to refer the 
bill for medicines {$£. 6d.) to the 
next session. 

In the journal of the House, under 
date of May 30, 1723, in a bill of 
items presented to the province, is 
the following: " Tho. Packers acct 
fireing 8c 2 visits to ye sick, £12 : o." 

The action of the House in refer- 
ring the account above-mentioned to 
the next session, is entered upon the 
journal as follows : 

"Voted" . . . "thay Coil. 



THY WORK. 



"5 



Packers acet of the Box of Medicens 
&'.X«stFum* ly under consideration 
till next sessions and that the box be 
ordered to be returned, and what is 
wanting to be made good." 

Dr. Packer married, August 7, 
16S7, Elizabeth, widow of Joseph 
Hall. She was a niece cf the cele- 



brated Maj. Richard Waldron of 
Dover. He had a son Thomas, who 
was well-known as Sheriff Packer, 
by reason of his executing the first 
two women hung in the Province of 
New Hampshire. He also had a 
daughter Elizabeth, who married 
Henry Deering. 



O LITTLE BIRD. 
By C. C. Lord. 

O little bird, 
That in the smile of summer sang for me 

Thy rarest song, the sweetest ever heard, 
A strain now echoes in my heart, to be 

The gladness of a love that lists each word : 
Thy music lives, though dumb thy leafless tree, 
O little bird ! 



THY WORK. 
By Luella Clark. 

Do but thy work and all good powers 

Agree thy path to bless ; 
Fill but with work and love the hours, 

Thou needst not seek success. 

Honor or fame thou needst not seek : 

Heaven careth for Its own. 
Th} T praise attendant angels speak ; 

Heed thou thy task alone. 

Speak thou thy wxrd, do thou thy deed 

And leave to God the rest ; 
He wills thee martyrdom or meed, 

With either thou art blest. 

Single thy purpose and thine eye ? 

Single thy hand and heart ? 
Then, rise or fall, then, live or die, 

One knows and takes thy part. 



',.' 





¥1 ' ?! 



GEN. CHARGES H. BARTLRTT. 

Charles H. Bartlctt, one of the best known citizens of New Hampshire, and 
one of the most accomplished orators in the state, a recognized leader of the Re- 
publican party, though never aspiring to any of its higher honors, died suddenly at 
his home in Manchester, early in the morning of January 25, from paralysis of the 
heart, having been about his business at his office and on the street the previous 
day, apparently in his usual health. 

General Bartlett was born in Suuapee, October 15, 1833, the son of John and 
Sarah J. Bartlett. He was a lineal descendant in the eighth generation of Rich- 
ard Bartlett. who came from England to Newbury, Mass.. in 1634. His early life 
was mainly spent upon his father's farm, laboring through the summer season and 
attending school in the winter. He early developed a taste for literary pursuits 
and slowed remarkable facility in both prose and poetic composition. 

He completed his education in the academies at Washington and New Lon- 
don, after which he began the study of law in the office of Metcalf & Barton at 
Newport. He studied subsequently with George & Foster at Concord, and with 
Morrison & Stanley in Manchester, being admitted to the bar of Hillsborough 
county from the office of the latter in 1S5S. In that year he began the practice of 
his profession at Wentworth. 

In 1S63 he removed to Manchester, where he afterward resided. For two years 
he was a partner of the late James U, Parker, the partnership terminating with the 
retirement of the latter. 

In June, 1857, Mr. Bartlett was appointed clerk of the United States district 
court for the New Hampshire district,, since which time he had not actively prac- 
tised his profession, but devoted himself to the duties of his office, which became 
onerous and responsible on the passage of the bankruptcy law r , about the time of 
his appointment. 

He was clerk of the New Hampshire senate from 1 86 1— '65 ; Governor Smyth's 
private secretary in i865-'66 ; and treasurer of the State Industrial school in 1S66- 
'67. In the same year he was unanimously chosen city solicitor, but declined a re- 
election. 

In 1872 he was elected, as the nominee of the Republican party, mayor of 
Manchester, and served till February, 1873, when he resigned in accordance with 
the policy of the national government, which forbade United States officials to hold 
state or municipal offices. On retiring he turned his salary over to the firemen's 
relief association. 

Mr. Bartlett was a trustee of Merrimack River Savings bank from its organiza- 
tion, in 1874, and also a director in the Merchants' National bank. He was mas- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 117 

ter of Washington Lodge of Masons from April, 1&72, to April, 1S74. He was a 
member of the constitutional convention of 1S76, and chairman of the commission 
appointed by the governor and council to investigate the affairs of the asylum for 
the insane. 

In 1SS1 Dartmouth college conferred upon him the honorary degree of master 
of arts. In 1882 he was elected to the state senate, resigning his position as clerk 
of the United States district court. At the assembling of the legislature he was 
chosen president of the senate. 

Mr. }5artlett had been a trustee of the State Industrial school, having been ap- 
pointed by Governor Goodell to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge 
Daniel Clark, whom he succeeded as clerk of the board. 

He had been commander of the Amoskeag Veterans, was judge advocate on 
Governor Tuttle's staff, with the rank of general, and had been president of the 
Manchester board of trade for two years, president of Hanover-Street Congrega- 
tional society and treasurer of the Manchester street railway. 

Mr. Bartlett was united in marriage with Mrs. Hannah M. Eastman, a daughter 
of the late Capt. Moses Eastman, of Croydon, December 8, 1S57. Mrs. Bartlett 
died July 25, 1890. They had two children, Charles Leslie, who died when four 
years old. and a daughter, Clara Belle, wife of Charles LI. Anderson of Man- 
chester. 

JOHN C. FRENCH. 

John C. French, one of the most prominent insurance men in the state and in 
New England, one of the organizers, for many years secretary, and for some years 
past— since the death of ex-Governor Weston — president of the New Hampshire 
Eire Insurance company, died at his home in Manchester, from Bright's disease, 
January 8, 1900, having been ill for several months, and confined to the house 
several weeks. 

He was the son of Enoch and Eliza (Cate) French, and was born in Pittsrleld, 
March 1, 1832. His opportunities for obtaining an education were very limited, 
but his ardent desire to learn impelled him to supplement his common school privi- 
leges by reading at home, and afterwards to obtain, by working on a farm in sum- 
mers and teaching in winters, the money to pay his expenses at the academies at 
Pittsfield, Gilmanton, and Pembroke. What he learned at these institutions only 
fed his ambition to know more, and as there was little opportunity for him to 
gratify his tastes and aspirations at home, when he became of age he made an 
arrangement with J. H. Colton & Co., to solicit orders for their mounted maps. 
The tact and activity which he showed in this work led his employers, a year 
later, to give him the Boston agency for " Colton's Atlas of the World," then in 
course of preparation. In this he won another success, selling over 1,200 copies 
of this large and expensive work. In 1855, he was appointed general agent for 
the house in New England, and subsequently gave considerable time to the intro- 
duction of Colton's series of geographies into the public schools. He was after- 
wards employed by Brown. Taggart & Chase, and Charles Scribner <Sj Co., in 
bringing out their school publications. 

In 1866, having been appointed state agent of the Connecticut Mutual Life 
Insurance company, he established his residence in Manchester, which has since 



n8 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

been his home. Three years later, in 1S69, he conceived the idea of a stock fire 
insurance company, and in drat year, by persistent efforts, succeeded in organizing 
the New Hampshire Fire Insurance company to which his energies were subse- 
quently devoted, with wonderful success. 

Mr. Trench always took a liver.' interest in his native town, and when the project 
for building a railroad which won. Id promote its growth and prosperity took shape, 
he gave himself heartily to the enterprise, and it was largely through his efforts 
that the $350,000 necessary to build the Suncook Valley road was secured by sub- 
scriptions to the capital stock and gratuities from die towns along the line. 

He had decided literarv tastes, and wrote articles of valuable historical nature, 
with special- reference to New Hampshire and New Hampshire men. For many 
years he had been an active and enthusiastic member of the New Hampshire His- 
torical Society, and at the time of his death he was the president of the Manches- 
ter Plistorical association. 

Mr. French was a member of the board of trustees of the New Hampshire 
asylum for the insane, a director of the Manchester Shoe company, a director of 
the Merchants' National bank, a trustee of the Guaranty Savings bank, a trustee 
of the Manchester city library, and president of the Franklin-Street society. 

He married, in 185S, Annie M., who survives him, daughter of L. B. Philbrick 
of Deerheld, and had three children, Lizzie A.. Susie P., and George Abram. He 
was a member of Trinity Commandery, Knights Templar. 

JOSHUA L. FOSTER. 

Joshua Lane Foster, a well-known journalist of Dover, died in that city Janu- 
ary 29, 1900. 

Mr. Foster was a native of the town of Canterbury, a son of Daniel K. Foster, 
born October 10, 1824. When three months of age his parents removed to the 
home of his maternal grandparents at Chichester, where he passed his boyhood. 

He was educated in the district school and at Pittsneld and Gilmanton acade- 
mies. Mr. Foster began life on a farm, but being of a mechanical turn of mind, 
learned the trade of carpenter and builder, and afterward pursued the study of 
architecture under the instruction of Prof. Benjamin Stanton of New York. He 
followed the architectural profession at Concord about ten years. During that 
period he designed and constructed many public buildings in New Hampshire, 
including churches, court-houses, and schoolhouses. July 30, 1848, he married 
Miss Lucretia N. Gale, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Bartholomew Gale of Upper 
Gilmanton. 

Mr. Foster began his editorial career in 185S, when he, in conjunction with 
Dr. Joseph H. Smith, bought the Dover Gazette. A partnership was formed with 
Edwin A. Hills, son-in-law of Dr. Smith, and the paper was published by the firm 
of Foster & Hills for three years, when Mr. Foster sold out. In 1863 he founded 
the States and Union^ a weekly paper at Portsmouth, and in 1868 began the issue 
of the Daily Times of that city. Subsequently he sold these papers to Thayer & 
Guppy and removed to Connecticut, where he published the «New Haven Lever for 
a time, and afterward issued a paper of the same name at Manchester, N. H. 

In 1872 Mr. Foster returned to Dover, where he started Foster's Weekly .Demo- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 119 

trat, the first issue appearing January 20, 1S72. On June 18, 1873, the daily edi- 
tion was started. He never cherished ambition for public office, but served three 
successive seven-year-terms as a member of the board of trustees of the Dover 
public library, a position which he held at the time of his death. July 30, 1898, 
Mr. and Mrs. Foster observed their golden wedding anniversary, which was a 
grand event and was largely attended by prominent people in that section. 

The deceased is survived by a widow, two sons. George J., and Charles G., 
and two daughters, Lucia K.. wife of Mercer Goodrich of Lynn. Mass., and 
Ena V., wife of Fred J. Whitehead, and nine grandchildren. 

HON. ISAAC \\\ SPRINGFIELD. 

Hon. Isaac Woodbury Springfield, born in Rochester, October 27, 1823, died 
at South Wolfeborough, January 7, 1900. 

Mr. Springfield was bereft of his father when thirteen years old. being left with 
two other children in his mother's care in destitute circumstances. At fourteen he 
entered the employ of the Norway Plains Manufacturing Co., of Rochester, re- 
maining ten years. Later he was for three years in the lumber business. 

In 1S50, conjointly with John Hall, he erected a woolen mill on the Salmon 
Falls river, at Fast Rochester, and commenced the manufacture of woolen goods, 
buying out his partner's interest in the business five years later. After two years 
of success, the establishment was totally destroyed by tire, leaving him heavily in 
debt. This he paid in full, principal and interest, during the next live years. In 
185S he commenced the manufacture of blankets at South Wolfeborough, where 
he increased the business, continually improving the quality of his products, until 
the. mills have the reputation of turning out the best blanket of any concern in the 
country. Aside from his manufacturing, Mr. Springfield had business interests in 
a variety of directions. He ha? dune lumbering on an extensive scale, and he 
has also been engaged in large farming enterprises. 

Mr. Springfield was one of the corporators of the Rochester Savings bank and 
was long one of the directors of the Lake National bank at Wolfeborough. He 
represented Rochester two years in the legislature and also served a term in the 
state senate. He was a prominent Mason and Odd Fellow, a charter member of 
Rochester grange, and its first master, holding the chair for ten years. He was 
elected president oJ the Rochester Agricultural and Mechanical association upon 
its organization, and held the office until his resignation, when an entire new board 
of officers was chosen. 

He was twice married, his first wife having died many years ago and his sec- 
ond wife surviving him. Fie leaves three children by his first wife, Charles W. 
of Rochester, who, like his father, is a successful manufacturer; Jennie, who lives 
at the Springfield home in Rochester, and Mrs. T. L. Thurston of Wolfeborough. 

CHARLES M. DORR. 

Charles Melville Dorr, born in Sornersworth, May 30, 1845, died there Decem- 
ber 31, 1899. 

He was a son of Ezekiel and Belinda Dorr. He attended the public schools 
in Sornersworth after which he took a course at West Lebanon academy. After 



120 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

being graduated from that institution lie returned to Somersworth and acted as 
clerk in various places, at one time in a drug store. Later he went into the 
dry goods store of the late Moses Bates, and became, in company with James E. 
Hobson. successor to Mr. Dates. For quite a number of years this partnership 
continued doing a successful business, but about eight years ago Mr. Hobson 
retired, and Mr. Dorr thereafterwards carried on the business until he sold it out 
in 1S97, shortly after accenting the position of cashier of the Somerworth National 
Bank for which position he was specially well qualified from having served as 
National Bank examiner, under the administration of President Harrison, and 
during which incumbency he had rendered the government signal service. 

Mr. Dorr served for many years as town clerk, and subsequently as moderator 
for Somersworth, under the old town government. In 1879 he was elected to the 
legislature, and v. as re-elected in 1SS1. He was a member of the Constitutional 
convention of 1SS9. He was prominent in Republican politics not only in the 
city and county, but throughout the state as well, having for years been a member 
of the State Republican committee. He was a member of the Free Baptist church 
and one of its staunchest pillars. He was also prominent in Masonry, and had 
taken the thirty-second degree in the order. May 30, jS68, he was married to 
Miss Eunice O. Hayes of West Lebanon, Me. To them were born four children, 
three sons and one daughter, of whom only one, Percy O.. a member of the class 
of 1902, Dartmouth college, survives. 

GEORGE W. MURRAY. 

George W. Murray, Esq., a prominent member of the Grafton County bar, died 
at his home in Canaan, where he had long resided, January 5, a" 900. 

Mr. Murray was a native of the town of Hill, born July 31, 1830, the son of 
John and Rhuannah (Wells) Murray. He studied law with Nesmith & Pike at 
Franklin, was admitted to the bar and located in Canaan about 1855, where he 
ever after remained, and where he was quite successful in practice. 

He represented Canaan in the legislature in 1861 and 1866, and was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional convention of 1876. He had the honorary degree of 
A. M. conferred upon him by Dartmonth college. While always interested in 
public affairs, a staunch Republican, and in the early days of the party an able 
and earnest advocate of its principles on the stump, he had little taste for public 
office, and his life had been devoted to the practice of his profession. Always 
deeply interested in the welfare of his adopted town of Canaan, he was one of its 
most generous and public-spirited citizens. His advice upon business as well as 
law matters was sought and followed by the people of his town, and he enjoyed 
their confidence, respect, and esteem. 

December 17, 1S56, he was married to Jeanette F. Barnes, then a music- 
teacher in Lnion academy. Six children have been born to them, Julia, now 
Mrs. O. P. Wright; Ellen, Mrs. W. A. Plummer: Kate, Mrs. A. L. Davis; 
Charles Edward, Claude M., and Carl B. All are living but " Ned,"' as he was 
familiarly known, who died while he was attending the Holderness School for Boys. 

Mr. Murray was a prominent member and liberal supporter of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in Canaan. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 121 

COL. joiix a. HALL. 

Col. John B. Hall, of Manchester, long prominent in the business life of that 
city and in state militia affairs, died at his residence on Walnut street, from 
pneumonia. January i^- I 9°°- 

Colonel Hall was a native of West Bradford, Vt.. born July it. 1841, At the 
age of seven years he removed, with his parents, to Piermont in this state, where 
he lived until about 1S55, when he went to Manchester and learned the machinist's 
trade, but on account of dull times went to New York city where he was located 
when the war broke out. He enlisted in the Eleventh New York volunteers on 
the 7th of May, 1861. His regiment was originally known as the Ellsworth Fire 
Zouaves, and he remained with them until they were mustered out, and then 
returned to Manchester in very poor health. In the spring of 1S65 he went to 
Shelbyville, III., and was engaged as a locomotive engineer for a number of years. 
From there he went to northern New York and there engaged successively in the 
wood and lumber business, hotel business for five years, and the musical instru- 
ment business. Not liking the latter he sold out and. obtaining a license as a 
first-class engineer, he went to the steamboat engineering business on Lake 
Champlain, on the boat River Queen, where he remained until she went to pieces 
on Hathaway':. Point. He returned to Manchester, August 4, 1S72, and after 
that time was successfully engaged in the drug business in that city. 

He had a superb military record, having served with distinction as assistant 
surgeon, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel of the First regiment of the N. H. N. G. 

In religion he was a Unitarian and politically a Republican. He was an old 
time fireman, a member of the lodge of Elks, of the United Workmen, of the 
Queen City lodge, Knights of Pythias, of the Amoskeag Yeterans, and also of a 
lodge of Masons in West Chazy, N. Y. 

He leaves a widow, a half brother, and a mother, Mrs. Susan H. Prescott of 
Manchester. 

COL. JOHN B. -DANE. 

John B. Dane, a noted old time stage and express man, son of John and Chloe 
(Bowers) Dane, born in Sunapee, (then Wendell), July 16, 182 1, died in Hillsboro, 
January 19, 1900. 

Flis parents removed to Francestown when he was three years old, where his 
education was received in the public schools and at Francestown academy under 
Benjamin Wallace. After leaving school, at the age of eighteen, he entered the 
employ of his uncle, Moses Dane, who was in trade in Greenfield, going twice a 
week to market in Lowell. A short time later he was admitted to partnership 
with his uncle, and for several years they carried on an extensive trade in butter, 
cheese, and eggs. In 1844 he married Almira P., daughter of William Whitte- 
more of Greenfield, removing to Francestown where he carried on the same busi- 
ness for a short time. In 1S46 he commenced driving stage for Robert Moore on 
the route from Greenfield to Manchester, afterward changing to the Deering and 
Manchester route. About this time he was much interested in military affairs, 
and in the early '50*3 lie was a colonel in the New Hampshire state militia. 

In 1852 he removed to Antrim, soon after which the firm of Morrill, Howison 



12? NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

be Dane was formed, lie taking charge of the upper end of the several stage routes 
controlled by the firm. About rSoo. S. I Vose being- admitted to the firm, he 
removed to Peterborough and became general manager of the entire business, 
which included routes from Peterborough to Wilton, Peterborough to Keene and 
Munsouvil'e, and the Forest line from Alstead and Antrim to Greenfield. At this 
time they controlled ail the express business from Peterborough to Boston by way 
of New Ipswich and Greenfield. About 1S70 they sold the entire stage business 
to the Boston & Lowell R. R., and lie became manager for the railroad company 
in whose employ he remained until they sold out. He resided in Hancock from 
1S71 to 1S75, removing then to Greenfield. Since retiring from business he had 
resided a larger part of the time with his son, John II'., in Peterborough. For the 
past five years he has resided in Plillsborough. He is survived by his wife, two 
son., John H., William F., of Somerville. Mass., and one daughter, Fannie P. 
Cummings of Peterborough. 

EDWARD P. KIMBALL. 

Edward P. Kimball, born in Hillsborough, February 23, 18 19, died in Troy, 
January 23, 1900. 

Mr. Kimball was the son of Retyre and Lucy (Bill) Kimball. Flis father was 
a tanner, currier, and shoemaker in Hillsborough, and was colonel of the Twenty- 
sixth New Hampshire Infantry. He died in 1839. Young Kimball was educated 
at private and other schools in the vicinity of his home, and after the death of his 
father lived two years with his uncle, who kept a store. He then went to Frances- 
town, working on a farm and gaining some farther education. Then he learned 
the hat and cap business in the store of Benjamin F. Grosvenor at Hillsborough 
Bridge, removing to Troy in 1836 with Mr. Grosvenor, who opened a hat store 
there. At the end of four years he bought out his employer, adding groceries and 
other merchandise, and building up a large and successful business. In politics 
he was a Democrat. He was appointed a deputy sheriff in 1S44, and held that 
office until his death, except while he was high sheriff for two years, being when 
he died the oldest deputy in the state, both in years and point of service. He was 
postmaster of Troy under Pierce and Buchanan, and had been town clerk, treas- 
urer, agent, etc., holding many positions of trust. He was a Freemason, and for a 
number of years previous to his death was the only surviving charter member 
of the lodge in Troy. July 6, 1844, he married Mary A., daughter of Cyrus Fair- 
banks, who survives him. They had three sons, Charles E., G. Fred, and 
Warren \Y. The second son died some years ago. Charles and Warren reside in 
Troy. 

REV. JOSIAH W. KINGSBURY. 

Rev. Josiah \V. Kingsbury, who died at Braintree, Mass., January 14, was 
essentially a New Hampshire man, though a native of Underbill, Vt., where he 
was born October 2, 1S3S. 

He removed, with his parents, early in life to Tamworth in this state, where he 
was brought up and received his preliminary education, and where his remains 
now lie in their last resting-place. He prepared for college at Phillips Exeter 



NFXV HlZAfPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 123 

academy, and graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 1S62. In 1863 he 
began the course at Princeton Theological seminary, and after he was graduated 
from that institution he was appointed principal of a school in Schenectady, N. Y. 
In 1S65 he was licensed to preach by the White River Association of Congre- 
gational churches of Vermont. The following year he was ordained pastor of 
the Congregational church at Quechee, Vt., and served there four years. After- 
wards he held pastorates at Woodstock. Conn., Montague, Mass., Biddeford, Me. r 
Rye, N. H., and Middleboro. Mass. 

Rev. Mr. Kingsbury retired from active work seven years ago, and settled in 
Braintree. Since that time he was engaged in literary work until his death. 

Mr. Kingsbury married Mary H. Jackson of Tamworth in 1S63, who, with 
three daughters and five sons, survives him. 

W1LLARD 6. KURD, M. D. 

Dr. Willard Otis Hurd, who died, January n, at the Soldiers' Home in Tiltom 
a son of Henry and Abigail Hurd, was born at Croydon, December 7, 1839. ^ n 
1847 the family removed to Dempster where he attended the public schools and 
academy until he was seventeen, when he entered the office of his brother, Dr. 
William H. Hurd. at Carlton Place. Ontario, preparatory to the study of medicine. 
Later he entered the medical college at Albany, N. Y., and immediately upon his 
graduation in the spring of 186.3., entered the army, receiving a commission as 
assistant surgeon in the Eighty-third New York Volunteers. On the mustering 
out of that regiment, a year later, he was transferred to the Ninety-seventh Xew 
York Volunteers, and served until the close of the war. 

In 1866 he eiitered upon the practice of medicine in the town of Grantham, in 
this state. In the following year he married Randilla Howard, of Grantham, by 
whom he had two children, Harry Wilbur, for several years past principal of 
Whitefield academy, and Annie M., now connected with the New Hampshire 
State library. 

In 1884 he removed to Hyde Park, Mass., where he continued in practice till 
1890. In 1S95 he entered the Soldiers' Home at Tilton, where he had charge of 
the hospital, lie died suddenly of heart disease. 

CHARLES H. BROOKS. 

Charles H. Brooks, a native of Bolton, Mass., born February 22, 1820, died at 
his home in Peterborough, January 21, 1900. 

Mr. Brooks had been a resident of Peterborough more than fifty years, loca- 
ting there in 1849, and was for many years engaged in the transportation of 
freight and general teaming, which before the advent of the railroad was an 
important item of local business. Later he was interested in banking and real 
estate, and was for a long time, and up to his decease, a director of the First 
National Bank of Peterborough, and president of the Peterborough Savings Bank. 
' He was a public-spirited citizen and a man of sound Judgment and business 
sagacity, and served his town faithfully in many capacities as selectman during the 
Civil War period and several times subsequently, as treasurer for a number of 
years, and on various important committees. He was a Republican in politics 



124 &£& BAMPSH/RE NECROLOGY. 

and represented the town in the legislature of T.S95. He was an active and 
interested member of the Unitarian society of Peterborough. His wife died in 
August, 189S, but he is survived by two daughters. Caioiine P>., wife of Hon. 
M. L. Morrison, and Fannie M.. wife of Hon. Frank G. Clarke, representative 
from the Second New Hampshire district in the national house of representa- 
tives. 

JAMES C. HILDRETH. 

James C. Hildreth. editor and publisher of the Holiis Tiuies. died at his home 
in that town, January 27. He was a son of Amos and Mary E. (Stearns) Hildreth, 
born in Holiis, May 26, 1S46. 

His education was received in the district schools of Flollis. In 1S69 he 
established the printing business which he has since conducted. Several years 
ago he founded the Times, a weekly paper devoted to the welfare of the town and 
its inhabitants. Mr. Hildreth was a charter member of Charity lodge, I. O. G. T., 
and remained a member until -it disbanded. He was also a charter member of 
Holiis Grange and Holiis Commandery, U. O. G. C, continuing a member of both 
until the time of his death. He had been a member of Holiis Congregational 
church since November 4, 1S66. He left a widow, one son, A. F. Hildreth, one 
brother. H. F. Hildreth, editor of the Law?'ence Eagle, and an aged mother, 
Mrs. M. E. Flildreth of Harvard, Mass. 

MYRON W. COLE. 

Myron Wesley Cole, postmaster of Flampton, died at his home in that town, 
January 9, 1899. ^ e was a nar -' ve of Portsmouth, a son of William G. and 
Hannah T. (Brooks) Cole, born May 27, 1S57. He graduated at Hampton 
Academy to which town his father removed when he was about twelve years of 
age. He was for several years a clerk for J. A. Lane of Hampton. Fie was 
appointed postmaster May 2S, 1889, serving four years, and four years after the 
expiration of his first term, in 1897, was again appointed and held the office at the 
time of his death. He was a prominent member of the Congregational church 
and of Rockingham Lodge, I. O. O. F. November 5, 1891, he married Miss 
Carrie R. Leavitt, who survives him. 

ELDER JOSEPH SPINNEY. 

Joseph Spinney, one of the oldest and best known preachers of the Advent 
faith in the state, died in Wakefield, December 21, 1S99. 

Elder Spinney was born in Wakefield, March 11, 1812. He was educated at 
Limerick, Me., and Wakefield academies, and taught school winters from 1830 to 
1850. He commenced preaching at twenty-one years of age, and was ordained to 
the ministry of the Free Baptist church, but in 1843 he associated himself with the 
Adventists with whom he continued up to the time of his death, preaching most of 
the time in Wakefield. He had united 225 couples in marriage, and officiated 
at between seven hundred and eight hundred funerals. 



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which' we will buy back tor's.", 00 it cwrt exact ly ;>- 1 ■■.■ pi ■.•-> tftecl. Showfcl you so desiri you can 
sdi ct a different premium from our premium 11 — t: wiifcn we send %. it n the Tablets. Write us 
at once giving your full name ..ml address plainly. 

HARRISON CHEMICAL COMPANY, - - Newton H.ghlands. Ma-s. 



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The New Hampshire Memorial Hospital for Women and Children. 



66 South St., Concord, N. H. 

Jt/lia Wallace-Russell, M. D., Physician in Charge. 
Miss Esther Dart, Superintendent. 

This quiet, homelike sanitarium for invalids is under the auspices of The Woman's Hos- 
pital Aid Association. President, Miss Mary A. Downing, Concord, N. H. Vice-Presidents: 
Mrs. Louisa F. Richards, Nevrport, N. H ; Dr. Ellen A. Wallace, Manchester, N. K. Recording 
Secretary, Mrs. Caroline R. Thyng, Laconia, N. H. Corresponding Secretary, Dr. Julia Wallace- 
Russell, Concord, N. H. Treasurer, Miss Emma M. Flanders, Concord, N. H. Auditors: Mrs. 
Mary W. Truesdell, Mr. John F. Jones. 



♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-fr©^ «•«<>♦*♦♦$ *►♦♦♦♦ •*■«-* **«o<Sk-^3"e«<*+*e*4~6 4><» 



The First National Bank, 



CONCORD, N. H. 



Transacts a general banking business, 




Tlie Concord Safe Deposit Vaults, | 

With the First National Bank, <| 

Have for rent Safes, Deposit Boxes, and Storage space. ♦ 

The Union Guaranty Savings Bank I 

Allows interest on savings deposits at the rate of 3 1-2 T 

per cent per annum. ♦ 

I COR. MAIN AND DFPOT 3TRHHTS, CONCORD, If- Ff. | 

I ! 

»+♦♦♦ ♦ ♦»♦ ♦ »♦♦♦ ♦ »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦« 1 -i-vv-* *♦♦* ; -eve '.-: '; 9**4 v ++4 



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That a Typewriter can save you time, make you money, and please your corres- 
pondents? Tower's NEW FRANKLIN Typewriter, price $75, is a first-class 
Typewriter at a reasonable price. Itis the simplest, lightest, easiest running, fastest, 
and most durable Typewrter made. On the majority of other high-grade machines 
the carriage has to be lifted before the work can be seen. On the New Franklin the 
work is in sight from the time the first letter is written until the paper is removed 
from the Typewriter. Typewriters of all makes sold, exchanged, and repaired. 
Typewriters rented 54 per month. For Illustrated Catalog and full particulars, write to 



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CUTTER -TOWER COMPANY, 

Established 1845. No. 10 Mfik Street, Boston, Mass. 

it 4* 4* 4* 4* *f • 4* 4* 4* 4 v "I" 4* 4* 4 4* 4* 4 *f* 4* •S - 4* 4* 4 4 4* 4* 4* 4* 



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beat two pairs, but one pair of 

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beats two pairs of any other make. 

It's in tfv- "graduated" cord ends- 
Elastic in places for comfort; 
Non-elastic in places for durability. 



Ask you r furnisher fort he "Endwell," or send 50c. € 

fur a sample p.>ir postpaid. Cheaper n;. ..'■•!, tin- g 

"C.-S.-CVf 'r--'y:. Sea if fastenerfree,fory<uiTHjr- j 

nishcr's name if he does not keep "Endwell Braces." £ 

CHESTER SUSPENDER CO. C 

Decatur Ave., Rcxbury Crossing, Mass. £ 



Luw 

j Keeps the Stocking 
I Free from Wrinkles 

DOES NOT BIND 

JkW* CUSHION 
BUTTON 




CLASP 

Lies Flat to the leg and 
cannot unfasten accidentally 

SOLD EVERYWHERE 

.'•\\ SarrtpfrfPalrVSnk, 50c 
by Mail J Cotton, 25c. 

\ GEORGE FROST CO. 

-''* BOSTON. MASS. 



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JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 



IA7 



The Granite Ach'thm 



Vol. XXVi II. 



MARCH 



1900. 



No. 



NEW ORLEANS. 

By Converse jf. Smith.. 



EW ORLEANS is a quaint 



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III 



old city. Its cosmopolitan 
character, the old Spanish 
and French sections, the 
traditions, legends, and incidents sur- 
rounding the early scenes make it 
one of the most interesting places in 
the United States. 

To a person from the North the 
wretched condition of the streets and 
the surface sewerage seem unpardon- 
able ; but extensive improvements 
are now under way, the immense 
sum of $14, coo, 000 having been ap- 
propriated for these improvements, 
and 1,000 men are now working on 
tlie streets day and night. 

New Orleans at present is enjoyiiig 
an era of prosperity. Cotton, sugar, 
and rice, the chief sources of wealth 
in Louisiana, are bringing high 
prices, and there is a boom in all 
branches of trade. The city is sit- 
uated on the east bank of the Missis- 
sippi river, one hundred and seven 
miles from its mouth. The river has 
a great depth, ranging from 60 to 
250 feet, which enables the largest 
vessels to land at the banks. It is 



about one mile wide, and, opposite 
the city, it runs directly north. 

One interesting feature of the river 
is the depositing of alluvium on the 
east side of New Orleans, adding; 
new squares and streets. The pres- 
ent custom house when erected was 
on the banks of the river ; now it is 
three squares inland. 

While the site of New Orleans was 
selected as the highest point on the 
riverbank, and consequently thought 
safe from overflow, yet such has not 
been the case. During the second 
year of its occupation the entire town 
was submerged ; hence the immense 
system of levees, which have cost the 
people of the lower Mississippi valley 
over one hundred and fifty millions 
of dollars to erect and maintain, and 
to which the general government has 
appropriated vast sums in addition. 
The city is several feet lower than 
the river at high water mark, there- 
fore, it is impossible to provide cel- 
lars under the houses, and some of 
the churches and large buildings 
have not been completed for reason 
of the risk of additional weight. 



I2S 



NEW ORLEANS, 



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Canal Street 



THE CEMETERIES. 
The cemeteries are most interest- 
ing places to visit, as interments are 
wholly made above ground. The 
Chalmetle is located near the old his- 
torical battle-field where the battle of 
New Orleans was fought, between 
the British and American forces, in 
1 8 15. It is the National cemetery, 
tastefully laid out and beautifully 
kept. 









*• 






Entrance to Metairie Cernetf 



The St. Louis is the oldest in the 
the city, while Metairie cemetery is 
the handsomest. The latter contains 
some magnificent monuments, and 
the most beautiful mausoleums, un- 
like those seen elsewhere in this 
country. Of those that are promi- 
nent mention should be made of 
those of General Albert Sidney John- 
son and General Stonewall Jackson, 
and tombs to the Army of Northern 
Virginia and the Arm}- of Tennessee. 
The remains of Jefferson Davis were 
for a time in a tomb in this cemetery, 
and his name ma)* yet be seen from 
the outer gate on the vault where his 
body was placed. 

NAMES OF STREETS. 

The people of New Orleans are 
proud of the nomenclature of their 
streets, and it is claimed that no city 
in the Union has so well preserved 



NEW ORLEANS, 



129 



all the romance of its early clays hi 
the titles of its streets, and that the 
entire history of the French and 
Spanish dominions may be recalled 
by referring to a city director)'. As 
to the French names, there is a 
Xapoleon and Lafayette avenue, a 
Jena, Austerlitz and Murat street, 
and the whole northern section of the 
city is named in honor of Napoleon, 
his victories, or his generals. 

The Spanish names are equally 
prominent. For a time it was fash- 
ionable to name streets from anti- 
quity, and those survive to-day. 
There is an Achille, Alcibiades. De- 
mosthenes, Xayades, and Kmphro- 
sium street. After many of the 
streets are located it is difficult to 
know how to spell or even to pro- 
nounce them, and to be unable to do 
so is considered a serious offense by 
society people, and in the case of 



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■■ ■ ■ 



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31 



a state official who had misspelled a 
name of a street there was the utmost 
indignation displayed by the popula- 
tion, and he was never forgiven for 
his mistake. The city also boasts of 
a Goodchildrens street, a Love street, 
Madman's street, Mystery and Piety 
streets. 

New Orleans has been under the 
ownership of five different countries. 
What a history of incidents, vicissi- 



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Sugar Car.e Field. 



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NJEW ORLEANS, 



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Unaer the Oaks, City Pat 



tudes and romances with so many 
different masters! And this tells in 
its street nomenclature. 

THE OAKS. 

The Oaks, or the old duelling 
ground of New Orleans, is now a 
part of the city park, and is a little 
forest of gigantic live oaks with 
immense branches reaching to the 
ground. There is still great interest 
lingering about these famous oaks 
for reason of the memories which 
the}- recall, and the tradition that 
makes them immortal. 

So well recognized was the code 
before the war, by all who had any 
pretensions to good breeding, that 
judges on the bench would resent an 
insult from lawyers at the bar. The 
Oaks became a place of rendezvous 
for duellists iu the year 1S35 ; prior 
to that date another locality was used 
for fighting. 

After a challenge was accepted, if 
either of the principals failed to put 



in an appearance, then it became the 
duty of the second to do the honors. 
In one instance two military gentle- 
men fought a duel with navy re- 
volvers at ten paces with six barrels 
loaded ; with agreement to fire at 
will while advancing, one of whom 
was killed. Both had declared they 
did not know the cause of the diffi- 
culty. 

Early in the history of Louisiana 
six Frenchmen were enjoying a prom- 
enade when one exclaimed, "What 
a beautiful night and what a level 
ground for a fight ! Suppose we draw 
our swords and make the night mem- 
orable by a spontaneous display of 
bravery and skill." Upon the word 
the)' drew and paired, and in the 
clear moonlight their shining blades 
gleamed until two of the number 
remained on the field corpses, victims 
of foolish bravado. 

In the St. Louis cemetery my at- 
tention was called to the following 
epitaph : 



NEW ORLEANS. 



*3* 



Sacred to the memory of 

Mica Job Lewis 

Brother-in-law and Secretary of 

Governor W. C. C. Claiborne 

Who fell in a duel Jan. 14, 1S04. 

Aged 2.} years. 

The above is on one side of a shaft 
erected over the remains of Gov- 
ernor Claiborne who left the guber- 
natorial mansion to fight Congress- 
man Clark, which resulted in severely 
wounding the latter. 

For a time there were always one 
or two encounters dail} T , a daily pro- 
cession of pilgrims to the bloody 
Mecca ; once on the field honor re- 
quired that some blood should be 
shed ; now and then a drop would 
satisfy ; at other times it must be 
death. There were duels with 
swords, rifles, revolvers, broadswords, 
and shot guns, the latter being con- 
sidered the most dangerous, and 
more often fatal. There were in- 
stances of duels when the parties were 



mounted on spirited horses, and with 
broadswords as weapons. The code 
was very strict, for instance, one 
could not fight a man who could not 
be invited to his house. 

A man still living in Xew Orleaus 
did much to arouse bitter prejudice 
against duelling. He received a 
challenge as to a claim and he was 
chc.rged with being a coward. His 
answer was that a just claim could 
be collected through the courts, and 
if the man considered him a coward 
to attack him on the street and dem- 
onstrate the fact. The people real- 
ized that there was argument in the 
answer and a better way to adjust 
difficulties than to take life, and from 
that day duels grew less, and are 
wholly discontinued to-day in New 
Orleans, although The Oaks are re- 
ferred to in nearly every business 
transaction. 



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Mississippi River 



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132 



NEW ORLEANS. 



A splendid answer to a challenge winter he gives his alter.:;::: :o hunt- 
was once sent by Mirabeau to Mar- irig duck, quail, and ceer wliich 
quis du Chatalet, both members of a abound, in that vicinity, and a ready 
Constituent assembly of France, each market is found at New Orkans. 






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A Cheerful Coupie. 



leader of the opposite party. It hap- 
pened that Mirabeau had used some 
expressions in debate which the Mar- 
quis considered offensive and de- 
manded satisfaction. Mirabeau re- 
plied as follows : 

Monsieur Lk Marquis: — It would be very 
unfair for a man of sense like me to be killed 
by a fool like you. 

I haope the honor to be 

With highest consideration, 

MlKABEAU. 

ALLIGATORS. 

Alligators are numerous during 
the summer season along the banks 
of the Mississippi river and hunting 
for them is a regular business by a 
large number of colored men, the 
skins being sold at Si. 25 each. One 
hunter stated that last season he 
killed 1,000 alligators. During the 



THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

The First Presbyterian church has 
as pastor Rev. B. M. Palmer, D. D., 
who enjoys a national reputation, 
and at home is exceedingly popular. 
He is eighty-two years of age and 
has been pastor of that church forty- 
five years. Last year a reception 
was given him and ten thousand per- 
sons called to pay their respects. He 
is a vigorous preacher to-day and 
speaks without notes. Xo one wcul I 
suspect that he is over sixty years 
old. During the war he was forced 
to take his departure from New Or- 
leans on the appearance of the Union 
army, for reason of his denunciation 
of the North, and I was informed 
that he is now one of the few unre- 
constructed men of the South. 



NEW ORLEANS, 



*33 



THTC COLOR KD PKOPTj:. 

The colored people of the South 
axe not yet enjoying the privileges 
that arc supposed to be vouchsafed 
to them by the law of the laud, but 
so far as I could learn they are fairly 
satisfied, and are not making conten- 
tions or complaints. The coaches 
and steam cai > are made with sepa- 
rate compartments, one for the white 
passengers and the other for the col- 
ored people, and each station has 
separate waiting-rooms. While the 
colored race are permitted to ride in 
the street cars in New Orleans, should 
there be excursions or attractions at 
any point, the advertisements always 
make mention that there will be ex- 
tra cars for the colored people. 

If a. colored man desires to enter- 
tain two of his friends at the bar, he 
will be asked for his mouey in ad- 
vance and will be informed that the 
three drinks will cost him fifteen dol- 
lars, and, of course, they have not 
the money, or will not be imposed on 
to that extent. Should a colored 
gentleman register at any first-class 
hotel he will be told that his room 
over night will be thirty-five dollars, 
and the man, of course, leaves the 
house. Proprietors of hotels, when 












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the rights of colored people were be- 
ing tested in court, instructed their 
employes to refuse to serve them ; 
then the proprietors, if found, would 
say, "You can see we are powerless; 
our waiters decline to serve you ; cer- 
tainly you cannot expect me to wait 
upon you." 

No tickets are sold for theatres or 
the opera other than for the third 
gallery, which is reserved for them, 
and if a negro should attempt to en- 
ter with a ticket purchased by an- 
other, he would be immediately 
ejected. 

Bishop Henry W. Turner of the 
Methodist Episcopal church was re- 
cently refused a sleeping berth on the 
Central Georgia railroad, notwith- 
standing he was ill at the time, and 
he was forced to occupy the second- 
class day coach reserved for the ne- 
groes. A man with colored blood in 
his veins, although he may be a gen- 
tleman, and highly educated, speak- 
ing several different languages, and 
in possession of much wealth, is 
never recognized in society 7 or ex- 
pected to enter the house of his 
neighbors, although their lawns may 
join. 

The naval officer, Hon. John 
Webre, at New Orleans, is a colored 



134 



MASCOMA VALLEY SKETCHES. 



man. As the naval officer at Boston 
has been considered a part of the 
patronage of New Hampshire since 
r869, so this position in the South, 
since the war, has been given invari- 
ably to the colored race. 

Col. James Lewis, United States 
surveyor general, Hon. Walter N. 
Cachen, United States register of the 
land office, and J. M. Holland, cor- 
respondence clerk at the custom 
house, are colored gentlemen, all 



recognized as men of ability, and, 
with the exception of Mr. Holland, 
presidential appointments, and would 
be received by the president of the 
United States, yet none of these gen- 
tlemen at Xew Orleans can enter the 
theatre or opera unless they take the 
seats in the upper gallery as above- 
mentioned, and, at death, their re- 
mains must be taken to that section 
of the cemetery reserved for the col- 
ored people. 



MASCOMA VALLEY SKETCHES. 

AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHS AND NOTES. 

By Ernest Albert Barney. 

i. The highway winds around the brow of the hill between magnificent maples, and then down- 
ward, by an abrupt descent, to the Gulf bridge. The brook is very low and the music of the fiow- 

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36 



MA SCO MA I T A L LB 1 ' SKE TCHES, 



ing waters among the rocks is hushed to a faint murmur. After the bridge is crossed the ascent 
to the level of the long ridge beyond is very steep and is a novel experience to one unaccustomed 
to New Hampshire hills. 

2. This visitor of the drift epoch is situated on a height of land, and the stone profile that can be 
seen only as a side view is, apparently, looking toward Blue Mountain Park and Z\It. Ascutney. 
To the eastward, from this point, is a magnificent view of the Cardigan range. 

3. This photograph was taken December 21, 1899, on what would have been called an ideal fall 
day ; no snow in the valley and only a thin coating of ice along the stream. Mt. Cardigan is 
crowned with white and the trees, five hundred feet below the summit, are touched by the " elfin 
fingers of the frost." 

4. This farm road leads through a natural park in a valley between two fields. Large paper 
birches, beeches and evergreen trees have escaped the woodman's axe. It is an ideal bit of 
forest rapidly disappearing from points easily accessible from the highland villages of the 
state. Spare these natural parks that have small monetary value, but require generations to 
replace. 

5. Thoreau Basins, near the highway from Canaan to the summit of Mt. Cardigan, are especially 
pretty. The three falls are almost in. line but only a part of the view appears in this photograph. 
On a ledge above the brook small rock ferns ( ' Poly podium vul^are) and lichens (Eeliigra 
canine?) me bright with just a sprinkling of snow for a background. A grim rock profile is on 
the right, near the margin of the photograph. 

6. Across the ravine a puff of smoke ascends from a mica mire and the explosion of dynamite is 
heard. Canaan village is seen nestling among the hills below. The mountains of Vermont loom 
up on the horizon. 



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6. The Road from Mt. Cardigan to Canaan. 



13* 



SONG OF THE MERRIMACK. 
By Frederic Brush. 

Ever falling, softly calling 
Day and night and into day ; 

I was nursling of the glaciers ; 
I shall see the world grow gray. 

Ever flowing, ever growing, 

Onward to the sea I glide, 
Fed by fountains from the mountains 

Where the storm-god loves to hide. 

Downward sinking, ever drinking, 
From the East and from the West 

Juices chastening, I am hastening 
To the Mother Ocean's breast. 

All this throbbing, murmuring, sobbing 

Is her spirit voice in sleep. 
And the bubbles are all troubles 

Cast up from the secret deep. 

Ever flowing, never knowing 
Time to doubt or time to pray, 

I am giving to the living 

Love's sweet labor all the way. 



CONCORD'S CHILDREN. 
By Clara Frances Brown. 



U 



31 

m 
m 



ET us read and recollect 
and impress upon our 
souls the views and ends 
of our forefathers in ex- 
changing their native country for a 
dreary, inhospitable wilderness. 
Recollect their amazing fortitude, 
their bitter suffering, the hunger, 
the nakedness, the cold which they 



patiently endured; the severe labors 
of clearing their grounds, building 
their houses, and raising their pro- 
visions amidst dangers from wild 
beasts and savage men." 

Turning slowly the pages of many 
an ancient book, I have been made 
proud and happy to see how many 
illustrious names belong to our be- 



CONCORD'S CHILDREN 



*39 



loved city, and it is my purpc.se here 
briefly to recall to memory the noble 
men and women who have gone out 
from this place and given their lives 
in service to the world. Not boast- 
fully would I recall their deeds, but 
in simple words draw a picture of 
their lives, that, pausing a moment 
in the rush of this busy century, our 
lives may be ennobled and strength- 
ened by a few moments' contact with 
theirs. In the NortJi American Re- 
view, some years ago, a w ? riter ex- 
pressed great wonder that a state so 
rich in beautiful scenery had pro- 
duced no poets. We do not claim 
the greatest of our poets sprang from 
New Hampshire soil, but many of 
them have drawn inspiration from the 
sublime scenery of our mountains, 
lakes, and rivers, and not infrequently 
has Concord, for a time, at least, been 
honored as their abiding place. 

"There is a perennial nobleness 
and even sacredness about work," 
remarks Carlyle, and the first set- 
tlers of Concord, then Penacook, 
were the hardest of workers. While 
their busy hands leveled the forests 
and cleared the meadow land, their 
no less busy brains were coining 
thoughts that burn. From his plow 
Parson Walker went to his study, 
*and amid the severe labors of the 
week found ample time for penning 
sermons whose strong words roused 
the hearts of his hearers, and cheered 
them through a week of toil ; and 
the same careful hand found time to 
fill the pages of a diary which we 
prize to-day as an accurate and al- 
most only picture of life when the 
good man prayed with his gun by 
his side, and the whoop of the Indian 
drove the settlers for refuge to the 
garrison- house nearest at hand. 



There was little chance in those 
early days for the gentler arts. 

We come to a period of tragical 
interest in our little town. The 
renacook tribe of Indians, under 
the wise management of Parson 
Walker, were always friendly, but 
fioni Canada, instigated by the 
French, who, from iyiu.-^, were 
almost always at war with England 
and her colonies, hordes of savages 
poured down upon the settlement, 
but in spite of all the discourage- 
ments they stood their ground 
against the enemy, supported them- 
selves with all the necessaries of life, 
gave a goodly quantity of provisions 
to neighboring villages, and were 
ready upon notice of danger or 
trouble of any kind to go to the as- 
s ; stanee of their neighbors. Belknap 
says : " The history of a war on the 
frontier is little except the recital of 
the hair-breadth escapes, exploits, 
and sufferings of individuals, fami- 
lies, or small parties." 

Among the familiar names in our 
city of those who at this period freely 
offered liberty and life for the safety 
of their fellows are Abbot, Eastman, 
Bradley, Kimball, Evans, Carter, 
Colby, Chandler, Walker, Virgin, 
Shute, and to day their descendants 
occupy positions of trust and honor 
in our midst. With Rogers' Rans:- 
ers were representatives from these 
families, and many others, and 
through the Revolutionary War 
Rumford did her part, freely send- 
ing her bravest and best in her coun- 
try's hour of need. At the Battle of 
Bunker Hill it is said Captain Ab- 
bot's company fought without even 
the slight protection of the rail fence 
or heaps of hay enjoyed by most of 
the regiment. 



140 



CONCORD'S CHILDREN. 



The second minister of the old 
North church, Israel Kvans, was the 
only chaplain who served during the 
whole of the Revolutionary War. lie 
was always first in danger, often lead- 
ing the men himself, and in Sulli- 
van's engagement with the Indians 
was constantly under fire", acting as 
aid to the general. With such men 
as her spiritual leaders is it any won- 
der that the children of Rumford 
grew fearless and strong? And lis- 
ten ! as we read the earnest words of 
Mrs. Little do we not hear echoing 
through the years the slogan of Clan 
McFarlane, and in fancy see the fiery 
cross glancing swiftly from the Scot- 
ish shore till it reaches our own and 
settles down over this city? And 
were not the labors of that scion of 
Scotland equal to those of his noble 
ancestors ? Who has performed more 
exhaustive work for the benefit of 
our city than the man, who, as pas- 
tor of the old church from which we 
all sprang, found time to deliver two 
written sermons every Sunday, to 
attend a third service in town hall or 
schoolhouse, to preach frequently in 
the outer districts, to respond to the 
call for ordination sermons in other 
towns, to perform missionary work in 
northern New Hampshire and Frye- 
burg. Me., to serve as trustee of Dart- 
mouth college during the exciting 
period of its controversy, to act as 
president of the New Hampshire 
Missionary Society, to leave the 
manuscript of 2,054 sermons, a book 
of 276 pages, and the names of 441 
persons added to the church during 
his ministry to attest how faithfully 
he had " sprung to the rescue ? " 

In Munich is a statue of one of 
Concord's adopted sons — Benjamin 
Thompson, born in Woburn, Mass., 



in 1753, spending most of his life 
abroad, yet retaining sufficient love 
for the home of his adoption to take 
its name as his title ; a brilliant man 
with a remarkably handsome face 
and graceful manner which won him 
favor wherever he went. A calcu- 
lating, shrewd Yankee, yet one, who 
by Ms scientific research has greatly 
benefited humanity. He came to 
this city at the age of nineteen, fell 
in love with, and married, a widow of 
thirty-three. Driven by the patriots 
from Rumford in 1774 on account of 
Tory sentiments he placed himself 
under British protection in 1775. 
At thirty he was a colonel in the 
English army, with half pay for life, 
and a baronet. In 17S4 he went to 
Munich by request of the elector, re- 
maining there eleven years. He re- 
formed the government, reduced beg- 
gary, introduced new methods of 
cooking, made numerous scientific 
experiments, and published many 
essays, the first in 1796. About this 
time he gave $5,000 to the American 
Association of Arts and Science in 
Boston. Theie are probably some 
still living who remember the coun- 
tess, his daughter, whose home at 
the South end is now known as the 
Rolfe and Rumford Asylum. The 
count died near Paris in 1S14. 

Concord has ever had reason to be 
proud of her medical fraternity, and 
the name of Carter is deservedly hon- 
ored in our midst. Dr. Kzra Carter 
settled in Rumford about 1740. A 
good scholar, a skilful man, he was 
universally beloved. Often in his 
work he was menaced by the In- 
dians. At one time he was saved by 
the playfulness of his horse, which, 
declining to be caught, saved his 
master from falling into an ambushed 









- 



. . 















CONCORD'S CHILDREN. 



141 



party of Indians. Dr. Philip Carri- 
gan was another physician whose 
name has descended to us covered 
with honor, lie was born in the city 
of New 'York in 174ft. But little is 
known of his early life. His father 
was at one time in the service of the 
Pretender. Dr. Carrigan came here 
in 1763, and established himself as a 
physician and surgeon. There were 
but few of the profession in the state, 
and, as he possessed extrordinary 
skill, he rose rapidly and had a more 
extensive practice than any physician 
of his time. We speak proudly of 
New Hampshire as the Granite state, 
but how many of us ever knew 
whence the name originated? Philip 
Carrigan, son of the doctor, born in 
1772, first made use of the term in 
a poem written on the occasion of 
Lafayette's visit to Concord, June 
25, 1825. 

Philip Carrigan might be spoken 
of as a literary ' ; Jack-at-all-trades." 
Ostensibly he was a lawyer. Plis 
engaging personal qualities, his repu- 
tation for talent and learning, his gift 
of light speech and easy versification, 
his readiness to take part in all fes- 
tive occasions, combined to surround 
him with popularity. No political, 
agricultural, or social gathering was 
complete without him. A toast, a 
speech, a poem, was always ready in 
his prolific brain. He complimented 
the ladies, flattered the farmers, and 
won the applause of all. In 1805 he 
was secretary of state; in 1806 one 
of an association of gentlemen who 
Carried on a newspaper called the 
America?! Patriot; in 1 821 -'2 2, clerk 
of the state senate. But he is prin- 
cipally remembered by the map of 
New Hampshire which he succeeded 
in skilfully putting together from 



very incompetent surveys. Fre- 
quently called upon to sign a recom- 
mendation for some office, he never 
refused, but it was understood by the 
governor and council no signature 
was worthy of attention unless ac- 
companied by a flourish under his 
name ending in an eagle's beak. 
Called upon suddenly one day to 
translate the motto on the seal of 
John Randolph of Roanoke, he in- 
stantly rendered " Fari quae scntiat" 
"My God and my country." He 
never married. He won his popular- 
ity too easily, and died poor. His 
tombstone was erected by friends of 
his better days. 

S. K. B. Morse, the inventor of the 
electric telegraph, passed some time 
in Concord in his early life. He is 
described as tall and symmetrical, 
with a face of Italian cast, and is 
said to have astonished the good peo- 
ple of the town by three things — first, 
by painting pictures they could rec- 
ognize ; second, by capturing from 
Concord young men the most desir- 
able lady, and last, by giving a large 
fee to the minister who performed the 
marriage service. It is impossible 
for us to follow the career of this bril- 
liant man. 

Who among the Woman's club 
fails to consult the phases of the 
moon in Leavitf s Almanac? Are 
not its quaint cuts dear to our 
hearts ? Does not a glimpse of its 
covers as it comes each year from 
Eastman's recall the time when as 
children we believed in its inspiration 
and scanned its pages in fear and 
trembling for the next day's weather 
for our picnic? Yet how many of us 
knew Dudley Leavitt was once a 
teacher in the old Bell schoolhouse 
in iSi6-'i9 ? 



142 



CONCORD'S CHILDREN. 



The best blood of New England 
comes from the Huguenot religion- 
ists, and Nathaniel Bouton, D. D., 
sprung from this old French stock. 
Called a pastor to the North church 
March 26, 1S25, for forty-two years 
he faithfully guarded and guided his 
flock. When he came to Concord 
there was a small Quaker meeting- 
house in which two or three families 
were accustomed to worship. A few 
Methodists were in town, and a small 
Baptist church was organized, which 
met in the old town hall or in a 
schoolhouse. The congregation Dr. 
Bouton addressed every Sunday 
numbered over 700, and the period 
covered by his ministry was the most 
difficult and trying of any in the his- 
tory of the church and city. Not 
only was he interested in every thing 
pertaining to the affairs of the city, 
always working with great zeal for 
every improvement that seemed to 
him right, but he exerted a great in- 
fluence in the state and nation. It 
was not New Hampshire alone that 
received the benefit of his knowledge. 
He estimated that he had preached 
7,180 times. Thirty-four printed ser- 
mons, nine articles in various periodi- 
cals, six books, among them the 
valuable history of our city, and ten 
larger volumes of provincial and state 
papers, prepared while he was state 
historian, remain to us. His motto 
was "one thing at a time." There- 
fore he had time for all, and in the 
words of the Rev. Dr. Ayer, " By 
daily fidelity he made the transient 
yield a grand residuum of the perma- 
nent, and brought together and left 
much that will endure." 

John Farmer, historian, antiqua- 
rian, doctor, gentleman— -all these 
titles apply to the compiler of one of 



the best, if not still the best history 
of New Hampshire. He was born 
in Chelmsford, Mass., in 17S9; he 
traced his ancestry back to Henry 
Y1T of England. It is said that one 
can scarcely conceive of Dr. Farmer 
as a boy. At the age of thirty-two he 
came to Concord where he spent the 
rest of his life, engaging for a time 
in the sale of drugs and medicines, 
but at last devoting himself wholly 
to his literary pursuits. Dr. Farmer 
seldom mingled in company ; led by 
bodily infirmity he preferred commu- 
nion with books rather than men. 
Lie is, however, described as a gen- 
ial, companionable person, always 
particularly fond of the society of 
young men. There was a vein of 
quiet sportiveness about him that 
lasted all his life. He died in 183S. 
His last residence was at the home 
of Daniel Clark of Millville. In con- 
nection with Jacob B. Moore he pub- 
lished the Gazatcer of New Hamp- 
shire, contributed largely to the pub- 
lications of the New Hampshire His- 
torical Society, and published three 
volumes of historical collections, con- 
taining rare and valuable matter. 

Madame de Stael Holstein once 
said, ''that the adventures of almost 
every individual would, in competent 
hands, supply interesting material 
for a novel," and, surely, after read- 
ing the crowded pages of Cyrus P. 
Bradley, we regret that we can only 
pause to say of Gov. Isaac Hill that 
he was a descendant of Abraham 
Hill of Chailestown, admitted free- 
man iu 1640, and that the day before 
he was twenty-one lie became a resi- 
dent of our city, and at the close of a 
long and eventful career had been 
given every honor it was possible for 
city and state to bestow. 



CONCORD'S CHILDREN. 



MS 



Franklin Pierce, fourteenth presi- 
dent of the United Slates, " New 
Hampshire's favorite son," as history 
calls him, .lived in several different 
houses while practising: law in this 
city. He died here in 1869, and is 
buried in the Old North cemetery, 
And still another of the nation's 
leaders in early manhood gained his 
daily bread in Concord. Levi P. 
Morton, vice-president of the United 
States in i88$- , -93, was f° r several 
years a clerk in the dry goods store 
known as the "Great 8," kept by 
Mr. Esterbrook. And another of our 
citizens, George Gilman Fogg, served 
his country as minister to Switzer- 
land during the administration of 
President Lincoln. 

Among oar citizens who came to 
us from other towns we must not for- 
get the name of Col. William Kent, 
who, for fifty years or more, was ac- 
tively engaged in business of some 
kind in Concord. He was justice of 
the peace, member of the state house 
of representatives and senate, bank 
cashier, and merchant. Energetic and 
public- spirited, he aided in all work 
of improvement. He is remembered 
by some as the founder of the Uni- 
tarian church in this city. 

Ab'al Chandler is known as the 
benefactor of Dartmouth college, 
founder of the Chandler Scientific 
school. Thanks to the kindness of 
Messrs. Bradley and Eastman he ob- 
tained a start in life and his college 
education. He was at last a commis- 
sion merchant in Boston. Dying, he 
gave to his native state and city 
^75,000. 

Lewis Downing, born in Lexing- 
ton, Mass., in 1792, came to Co:v:ord 
in 1S13. By frugality and industry 
he gained a foothold. Flis life was 

xxviii— 10 



" earnest work not play," and to-day 
vehicles made by his descendants go 
around the world ; from Alaska to 
Africa their worth is known. And, 
following in then wake, for years the 
B! an chard churn lightened the labors 
of many a housewife from the moun- 
tain farms of our Granite state to the 
peasant homes of Russia. 

Our library building speaks to us 
of the loved labors of Judge Asa Fow- 
ler and wife for the youth of our city, 
— our library of Capen, Crawford, and 
the unwearied care of the patient and 
faithful Daniel Secomb. The rec- 
ords of the bench and bar contain 
no prouder names and none more 
worthy of honor than Bellows, Up- 
ham, Perley, Minot, Foster, George, 
Carpenter, Hutchins, Eastman, Low, 
West, Ambrose, Rollins, Evans, 
Mason, Howe, Odlin, Kimball, — all 
models for our young business men 
to follow, All railroads know the 
names of Gilmore, Stearns, and 
Todd. Our navy mourns the loss of 
Concord's honored son, Commodore 
Perkins. Our apostle of freedom, 
Parker Pillsbury, lives in the hearts 
of his countrymen the world over. 
Nathaniel White was born in Lan- 
caster. He arrived in Concord, 
August 25, 1826, with one shilling 
in his pocket. From that time suc- 
cess crowned his efforts. To him our 
city owes much of her business pros- 
perity. His home in anti-slavery 
days was the refuge of many a fugi- 
tive slave. Most essentially was he 
a progressive man. His wife still 
lives in a green old age, and retains 
his interest with her own in our city's 
welfare. 

Time faileth me. Who of Con- 
cord's children can I pass by in si- 
lence ? Surely not Miss May Clark 



144 



CONCORD'S CHILD REX. 



of Millville, our early poet, she 
who first started a little library, and, 
calling the children she loved so we'll 
to her home 011 Saturday after- 
noons, told them a simple story of 
birds or flowers, and loaned them 
for the week some cherished volume. 
Nathaniel H. Carter, whose letters 
from abroad still afford pleasure to 
the seeker after knowledge, and who 
sang in strains of surpassing melody 
of the haunts and streams of his boy- 
hood's home in Millville. Ralph Wal- 
do Emerson, the first Unitarian min- 
ister of Concord, took as his wife the 
daughter of one of our most eminent 
citizens. The noble Augustus Wood- 
bury, the saintly Father Tilden, the 
revered Dr. Cummings, the beloved 
Kenry Parker, the benign Elder Cur- 
tis, the quaint old Elder Hook, the 
genial Drs. Moore and Flanders, the 
courtly Dr. Eames — are they not 
enshrined in all your hearts? They 
need no words of mine to sing their 
praise, or tell the benefits their 
labors have brought to Concord. 
The names of Drs. Morrill, Carter, 
Crosby, Gage, Bancroft, still linger in 
our memory, hallowed by tenderest 
recollections. Nor would I forget 
our teachers, Stone, Peabody, Web- 
ster, Woolson, Bartley, Stanjey, and 
Kent. To these her children of early 
and later date our city is most deeply 
indebted. 

Have I seemed to omit the women 
among the children of Concord ? Not 
so, from Hannah Dustin, who tarried 
but a night on our shore, and the 
Abiah Bradley who was hard to kill, 
from my own great-great-grandmoth- 



er, who, with Mrs. Walker, watched 
the Indians all night holding a dance 
on the Intervale (no man in the house 
to defend them from sudden attack), 
down through the generations the 
women of Concord have nobly borne 
their part. They spun the flax, 
tended the children, watched by 
their sick neighbors, sent their hus- 
bands and sons to war, and managed 
the farms at home. 

As teachers, as missionaries, as 
leaders of society, as literary women 
they have gone into the world. Who 
has sung so sweetly of our hills and 
vales as Laura Garland Carr, and 
Concord's adopted daughter, Abba 
Gould Woolson ? Whose name re- 
sounds from shore to shore like Mary 
Baker Glover Eddy's? Who has 
raised the tone of our city's literature 
and morals but. the women of our 
clubs? From Maine to Rhode Is- 
land their voices are heard in de- 
bate. The}- institute reforms, re- 
dress w T rongs, and in our "city of 
homes" make the fireside a sacred 
spot. The criticism in the North 
American Revieiu may be true, but 
Concord has no reason to be ashamed 
of the literary talents of her daugh- 
ters ; from the Old club to the Cym- 
berline and Hathaway, from the Fort- 
nightly and Concordia and the latest 
reading club just started have come 
papers of literary value. 

" Her people,— well is this the place, 
To laud ruy neighbors to their face 
And tell them pleasant things ? 

" I spare my words, but we '11 agree 
That angels they would surely be 
If onl}- they had wings ! " 



*M_ *$k? %M &te ^fe. 
^ ^ ^ #j^3?f* 



\H£- 



MOORESTOWN, N. J. 



SWEET HOME. 
By Martha Shepard Uppincatt, 

No spot in all this world 

Is half so dear as home ; 
All round that collage old 

Sweet memories will roam. 
"T is there my mother sits. 

Her face so sweet and fair, 
And toils away for us 

With heart so fffll of prayer. 

Of self she scarcely thinks, 

But for her children lives, 
And to our humble home 

The life and light she gives. 
Oh, how could it be home 

If mother were not there ? 
'T would seem so sad and lone, 

The home be cold and bare. 

Yes, all around the house 

Shows touch of mother's hand ; 
The blooming roses, too, 

Her kindness understand. 
Those flowers sweeter are 

To me, than orchids rare, 
Because they grow and live 

My mother's home to share. 

Oh, dearest spot on earth, 

My home shall ever be, 
For there my mother dwells, 

In sweet serenity ; 
And every thing around 

Sweet memories will bring, 
Although I 'm far away 

To home my thoughts take wing. 

I see my mother's face 

So smiling, sweet and fair 
Has there another been 

That with her could compare ? 
She sterns the queen of all 

The mothers of the earth ; 
And more than diamonds rare 

Her loving heart is worth. 



<ffc 



A MIDSUMMER'S DAY DREAM. 

A PREHISTORIC IDYI,. 
By Caro'iuc C. Lamprey Shea. 



f^-'-^ST was one of those insufferably 

k| raj 

ij| M\ hot days among the moun- 
M || tains, and, longing for a cool 
£^~ii retreat, I wandered into the 
pine woods. 

I had with me a volume of seaside 
poems, that I might get a whiff of 
the salt breeze, and catch a murmur 
of the waves on this midsummer af- 
ternoon. 

As I listened to Celia Thaxter's 
music of the sea it was echoed 
through the pine trees faint and in- 
distinct at first, but growing- stronger 
and clearer, until, at last, the low 
voice whispered a story to mc. 

It was a story of long ago, ere the 
gentle Evangeline loved and lost her 
Gabriel, ere the dusky Hiawatha 
woed Minnehaha. 

It was the story of Monadnock and 
Wachusett, lovers of an olden time. 

Fair Wachusett, a daughter of the 
Green Mountains, was betrothed to 
"brave Monadnock," who dwelt 
among the White Hills, and ere win- 
ter came he hoped to claim her as his 
bride. 

Wachusett was in a maze of de- 
light, to her the songs of the birds 
were ballads of love in which she 
heard Monadnock's name repeated 
with her own. For hours would she 
w r atch the ever-shifting clouds as 
they painted pictures of her lover, 
and would then bid the winds bear 
them back to him, with her own 



image floating in their dreamy 
masses. 

So the summer passed away, and 
the winds of September played with 
Wachusett's tresses and breathed 
messages from Monadnock which 
made her cheeks blush scarlet, for 
he asked her to fulfil her promise, to 
leave home and friends, and come to 
him. 

Wachusett's was a sorrowful de- 
parture, for it was hard indeed to 
leave her childhood's home. The 
birds sang sweet good-bys to her and 
the brooks chanted an epithalamium. 
Never had she looked fairer than 
now as she went forth, 

" Into the shining mists of morning," 

arrayed in brilliant robes of scarlet 
and crimson and gold. 

She traveled, southward at first, 
for she would say fore well to her 
brothers, On away and On agon 1 , from 
whom she would go to Monadnock. 

For a long time the hoary-headed 
Agischook- had wished his son to 
take Wachusett for his bride, but the 
Old Man, the magician of the moun- 
tains, whose stony face you may see 
over the notch, sternly forbade this 
union. Years before he loved Wa- 
chusetts' mother, but she refused to 
be his wife, and married a Green 
Mountain chief. In revenue the 



1 Mounts Tom and Kolyokc. 

2 Mount Washington. 



' ••■•■ •• • 





















A MmSUMMER'S DAY DREAM. 



47 



steru old man- refused to allow Mo- 
nadnock's marriage with Wachusett. 
They da^e not break his command, 
for his was a mighty power, but he 
had been asleep (or years, and it was 
murmured among the hills, that lie 
had cast a spell upon klinself and 
would never more awake, so. the 
young chief ventured to go forth to 
meet his bride. With all eagerness 
he began preparations. His weapons 
of war and cha-:e were hurled aside, 
his huge powder flask fell thunder- 
ing down the chasm, and there to- 
day it hangs a solid boulder, lodged 
between the walls of the Flume. 
With one last look at the Old Man 
of the Mountain, whose face was 
stern, even in sleep, he was gone. 

Never had an autumn been so 
beautiful as this, for October, an 
enemy of the magician's, delighted 
in Monadnock's wooing, and threw 
his richest colors over hill and dale, 
with an unsparing hand. The young 
chief traveled without rest, da}' and 
night, accompanied part of the way 
by his old friend, Indian Summer. 

Suddenly November met them, 
and full of malice and ill-will 
shrieked and howled among the 
mountains until he roused the Old 
Man from his slumbers, then he 
poured into his willing ear the tale 
of Monadnock's departure. 

When the magician knew that Mo- 
nadnock had broken his stern com- 
mand his anger knew no bounds. 
The valley echoed with his fierce 
rage, the Saco trembled and swelled 
within its banks, while the snowy- 
browed chiefs bowed their heads in 
fear. . He vowed that he would make 
the disobedient Monadnock a lasting 
example. 

Agischook entreated him to spare 



his son, and the brothers begged him 
to stay his mighty wrath. These 
pleadings were of no avail, they 
had transgressed and they must suf- 
fer. 

Mean while the lovers were still 
slowly approaching each other. The 
days had been .sullen and dreary, 
when again there came one of sun- 
shine. The travelers rejoiced in the 
lifting of the clouds, for it seemed 
that the sun was a messenger coming 
to bring tidings of their speedy union. 
But the sky grew thick and dark, 
and such a tempest as was never be- 
fore known, swept over the land. 
The winds in frantic fury rent Wa- 
chusett's garments, while the light- 
ning quivered and flashed in the 
black clouds which enveloped Mo- 
nadnock's form. 

When the storm ceased both were 
motionless. The magician had done 
his work. He had cast a spell upon 
them, and never again would they 
move. They were fixed as the Eter- 
nal Hills. 

To-day the tourist may see " Brave 
Monadnock " and " Fair Wachusett," 
where, ages ago, the Old Man of the 
Mountain touched them with his 
magic wand. Wachusett, calm and 
quiet, stands as a background to the 
sunny meadows of the Nashua. She 
prophesies the changing weather, 
and by one glance at her summit 
may we foretell the coming storm. 

Monadnock has grown bald and 
hoary, and shows many traces of the 
magician's terrible wrath. When 
the thunder rolls around his head 
and the winds go muttering through 
the caverns of the mountain, the lad 
in the valley tells his frightened com- 
panion not to be afraid for 't is Mo- 
nadnock mourning for his bride. 



\>48 



THE WAITING OF THE MOOR. 
By Fred Myron Colby. 

Where the proud Sierra rises 

Spectral with its crown of snow, 
And the silver}- Darro rushes 

Through the olive groves below : 
In a mountain cavern lonely 

Fast locked within its rocky gate, 
With his swarthy chieftains round him, 

King Boabdil sits in state. 

Swinging bells and chant of vespers 
• Do not reach the Moors' retreat, 
And the vineyards of the Yega 

Vainly yield their harvests sweet. 
Deaf to all the din and turmoil 

Of the centuries as they go, 
Sit the Moorish warriors silent 

Brooding o'er Granada's woe. 

Still below them the Alhambra 

Rises with its time-worn walls, 
Stately home of Moorish glory, 

Rich with airy, marble halls ; 
Where the cooling plash of fountains 

With a gentle cadence low, 
Lulls the senses with the glamour 

Of the days of long ago. 

Gone the tourneys and the revels 

Of those wondrous days of old ; 
Watch no more the Moorish maidens 

O'er the sports of warriors bold ; 
Gleaming eyes and raven tresses 

Wake no more the minstrel's lays, 
W r here the pomp of empire flourished 

In the brave Granadan days. 

But in their mountain cavern hidden 

The Moorish warriors wait, 
For the dinning bray of trumpet 

To charge the Elvira gate. 
Each knight in shining armor 

Beside his courser fleet, 
His sword and battle axe in hand, 

The Christian foe to meet. 



USI-LESS THINGS. 



49 



Then once more the Moslem crescent 

Will float above the cross ; 
And Boabdil and his warriors 

Avenge the Alhambra's loss. 
So they watch, those Moorish chieftains, 

And their lonely vigils keep, 
Till the warlike blast of bugles 

Shall wake them from their sleep. 

Note- There is a legend among the Spanish Moors that Boabdil, the last kiug of Granada, and his 
bravest knights are locked within one of the caverns of the Sierra Nevadas, and there, with their armor 
on and their st.eds all bridled and saddled, they await some signal, when they will rush forth and once 
more rule .->pain from their ancient palace of the Alhambra. 



USELESS THINGS. 

[Translated from the French of Emile Souvestre. 
By Frances C. Stevens. 



ii 



Wi I 

: 



FIE diligence from Paris," 
cried a waiter, throwing 
open the door of the din- 
ing-room of the "Grand 
Pelican" at Colmai. 

A traveler of middle age who was 
finishing his breakfast, rose quickly 
at this announcement and hastened 
to the hotel entrance where stood the 
heavy carriage just arrived. At the 
same moment a young man thrust 
his head through the little door of 
the coupee. The two recognized 
each other, and each uttered an ex- 
clamation of joy. 

"Father! " 

"Camille ! " 

The carriage door was quickly 
thrown open, and the new arrival, 
clearing the steps with a bound, fell 
into the arms of the older traveler 
who held him for a moment in a 
close embrace. 

The father and son were meeting 
for the first time after a separation of 
eight years, which time the latter 
had passed in London at the house of 



his maternal uncle. The death of 
this relative, who had made Camille 
his heir, permitted him at last to re- 
turn to his father's house which he 
had left when scarcely more than a 
child, and to which he was returning 
a man. 

After the first greetings and ques- 
tions M. Isador Berton proposed to 
his son that they should immediately 
start for the country where he lived 
near Ribeauville, and Camille, im- 
patient to see again the place where 
he was born, gladly assented ; the 
cabriolet was soon ready, and they 
were off. 

There is always in first interviews 
between friends after a long separa- 
tion, a certain embarrassment which 
causes conversation to be broken by 
long pauses. Unaccustomed to each 
other, each studies the other, ob- 
serves closely, tries to discover what 
changes time has wrought in ideas 
as well as in appearance ; each seeks 
the past in the present with a vague 
sort of anxiety. M. Berton especi- 



15° 



f/S BLESS THINGS. 



ally was anxious to know the young 
man who had returned to him in 
place of the child who had left him. 
Very much as a physician examines a 
patient, he questioned his son slowly, 
noting carefully his replies and an- 
alyzing them. 

While continuing this study of 
Camille, M. Berton led the conversa- 
tion in such a way as to bring out 
his own tastes and occupations. The 
proprietor of Ribeauville was neither 
a savant nor an artist, but. powerless 
himself to produce, he loved the no- 
ble productions of others ; he was a 
mirror which, without creating any- 
thing, reflects creation ; he encour- 
aged genius, and responded to every 
noble emotion. He interested him- 
self in recent discoveries, in scientific 
investigations, and encouraged what- 
ever was in the direction of progress. 
For him to live was not simply to 
keep alive the divine spark which 
God has placed in ever} r one of us, 
but to kindle it to a flame, increase 
its glory, and kindle other sparks 
from it. Thanks to the leisure 
which a rich patrimony gave him, 
he had been able to develop liberally 
his own natural tastes ; not being 
confined to any occupation, he had 
taken great interest in the occu- 
pations of others, sustaining their 
courage by assistance or sympathy. 
Alsace had seen him at the head of 
every enterprise organized for the 
advancement of letters, science, or 
art, and the museums of Strasburg 
had been enriched by his gifts. 

Just at present he was making ex- 
pensive excavations in the side of a 
hill, where some remains of antique 
pottery had been discovered. He 
showed this knoll to his son, in pass- 
ing, and told him that in order to get 



possession of it he had given in ex- 
change an acre of his best meadow 
land. 

Camille appeared surprised. 

''You think I am very foolish, do 
you not?" said M. Berton who ob- 
served it. 

"Oh, pardon," said the young 
man, "I was only surprised at the 
bargain." 

"Why so?" 

" Because it seems to me that in 
everything we should have an eye to 
utility, and this sterile hillside can- 
not be worth an acre of meadow 
land." 

" I see that you are not an archae- 
ologist." 

" No, indeed, I have never been 
able to see what the discovery of old 
pottery proves, or how any one can 
take an interest in extinct genera- 
tions." 

M. Berton looked at his son, but 
made no reply. x\nxious to know 7 
him thoroughly, he would not 
frighten away his confidence by a 
discussion. A silence of a few mo- 
ments followed, suddenly broken by 
an exclamation from Camille, who 
had just perceived in the distance the 
grand tower of the manor, his home. 

"Ah ! yes. that is my observatory," 
said his father smiling, ''for I am 
not only an antiquary, but an astron- 
omer as well." 

" You, father ! " . 

"I have turned our tower into a 
study, and have pointed a telescope 
there with which I observe what 
passes among the stars." 

"And do you really find pleasure 
in concerning yourself with things so 
far from your own door, which you 
can in no way change, and which 
are of no use to you?" 



USELESS THINGS 



151 



"It passes the lime," said M. 
Berton who continued to avoid a seri- 
ous discussion. " I have many other 
changes to show you. The old poul- 
try yard has been turned into an 
aviary, and the orchard into a botani- 
cal garden." 

" All these changes must have cost 
you a great deal of money." 

"And bring me nothing in return." 

" Aii ! then you condemn them 
yourself ! " 

"I did not say that; but here 
we are." 

The groom hastened to take the 
reins, and our two travelers left him 
to take the horse to the stable while 
they entered the house. 

Camille found the vestibule full 
of old armor, geological specimens, 
and herbariums full of the flora of 
Alsace. 

"You are looking for a peg to 
hang your coat upon?" said M. 
Berton who saw his son look around 
with an air of disappointment ; "that 
really would be more useful than my 
curiosities ; but let us go into the 
drawing-room." 

The walls of the salon were cov- 
ered with beautiful paintings, rare 
engravings, and medallions. The 
father tried to call out from his son 
some expression of admiration for 
these choice works of art, but the lat- 
ter excused himself, acknowledsdnc: 
his ignorance upon such subjects. 

"Well, really, all this is not of 
great importance, perhaps," said M. 
Berton with good humor ; ' ' we are 
all great children pleased with curi- 
ous things; but I see that you have 
taken life by its practical side." 

"I owe it to my Uncle Barker," 
replied Camille with an air of mod- 
esty a little theatrical; "he often 



complained of the time and money 
spent for works of art, and sought in 
vain" to find any profit that humanity 
could draw from engravings and 
paintings." 

They were interrupted here by the 
appearance of a servant who an- 
nounced dinner, and who handed to 
M. Berton a new book which had 
just arrived by the post ; it was the 
work of a favorite poet which had 
been impatiently looked for. He be- 
gan to examine the book, but sud- 
denly closing it said, " Come, come, 
it will never do to delay dinner for 
verses \ Uncle Barker would never 
pardon that, eh ! " 

"I am afraid not," replied Camille 
smiling, "for he often asked what 
was the good of poems." 

Father and son seated themselves 
at the table, where the conversa- 
tion continued upon the same sub- 
ject. Camille brought out very 
frankly the opinions which he owed 
to Uncle Barker's teaching, for the 
latter had taught him to be sincere, 
only this sincerity sprang less with 
the old economist, from the worship 
of the true than from love of the use- 
ful. He respected a straight . line, 
not because it was straight, but be- 
cause it was short. With him false- 
hood was a wrong calculation, vice a 
bad investment, passion a tremen- 
dous expense ! In every thing utility 
was the supreme law. P^or this rea- 
son even the good actions of the old 
man were barren and unfruitful, and 
his virtues seemed to be nothing 
more than problems well worked out. 

Camille had adopted the doctrines 
of his uncle with all the ardor with 
which youth accepts the absolute. 
Applying this question to every- 
thing, "of what use is it?" His 



IS2 



USELESS T/f/JYGS. 



reason, or what he took for his 
reason, brought everything to the 
exactness of mathematical proposi- 
tions. Cured, as he said, of -the 
" mental derangement called poetry," 
he treated things after the manner of 
the Jew who effaced a painting by 
Titian in order to have a clean piece 
of canvas which was good for some- 
thing. 

M. Berton listened to these 
opinions without expressing disap- 
proval or impatience. He raised 
some objections which the young 
man refuted victoriously, appeared 
impressed by his arguments, and 
when the}' separated expressed his 
wish to talk further upon the subject 
in their next conversation. 

The next day and those following, 
M. Berton led the conversations to 
the same subject, yielding a point 
now and then as if being convinced 
to his sou's views, and Camille find- 
ing himself in the singular role of 
teacher to his father felt greatly 
elated, redoubled his arguments and 
eloquence and felt triumphant. At 
last, obliged to go on a visit to rela- 
tives, he left M. Berton, as he 
thought, wholly converted. 

At the end of a week's time he re- 
turned home. Spring was bringing 
forth her many delights ; buds were 
opening, leaves unfolding, the swal- 
lows were darting hither and thither 
in the clear, soft air, uttering joyful 
notes, the peasants sang at their w r ork 
in response to the songs of the herds- 
men in the fields ; the cool breeze, 
which waved the young grain, 
brought the sweet scents of the haw- 
thorn, of primroses and violets. In 
. spite of his systematic indii'feienee to 
all poetry, Carnille could not entirely 
escape from the charms of the season, 



this awakening of life everywhere. 
Without intending it he yielded to 
the subtle charms of the sunlight, of 
the songs, of the perfumed air ; an 
involuntary emotion took possession 
of him, and lie arrived at the manor 
in a sort of intoxication of delight. 

He found his father in the flower- 
garden surrounded by workmen 
whom he was directing to pull up 
the plants and cut down the shrubs. 
Two lilacs which shaded the lower 
windows of the house with their fra- 
grant flowers, were being cut down, 
and cut into fagots. 

The young man could not restrain 
a cry of surprise. 

"Ah ! here you are," said M. Ber- 
ton at that moment perceiving his 
son, " you have come just in time to 
enjoy your triumph." 

' : My triumph ! " repeated Camille, 
who did not comprehend. 

il Do you not see that I have be- 
come your disciple ? ' ' replied the 
proprietor of Ribeauville. "I have 
though I. a great deal upon all that 
you have said, my dear, and have 
made up my mind that you and Un- 
cle Barker are right. One must give 
up in life all useless things. Now, 
flowers and shrubs in a garden are 
just what poems are in a library, and, 
as you say, of what use is a poem ! 
except, perhaps, to light a fire, as 
these lilac twigs will. But come, 
come, you will see many other 
changes. I have profited by your 
absence, and hope that you will be 
pleased with what I have done." 
So speaking M. Berton drew his 
son's arm familiarly through his own, 
and thus together they entered the 
manor. 

The vestibule had been thoroughly 
cleared of the curiosities which for- 



USELESS THIXGS. 



153 



merly filled it, and in place of them 
were canes and umbrella stands, spit- 
toons, and other useful articles. In 
the salon all the engravings and 
paintings had been removed, and tiie 
walls, completely bare, had beeti 
whitened. Plain and simple furni- 
ture took the place of the Louis 
Quatorze chairs and ottomans, the 
inlaid cabinets, and elegant tables, 
which were there before. 

M. Berton turned to his son with 
a radiant look. 

"See." cried he, "you cannot ac- 
cuse ine now of sacrificing to the 
frivolities of art ; ou^ salon has now 
only its four walls, and no one can 
dispute their utility. We shall now 
have a place to hang up our pot- 
herbs and our guns, and to take off 
our sabots." 

Camille was about to make some 
objection, but his father prevented it 
by recalling the atmtheina he had 
pronounced in Uncle Barker's name 
upon engravings and paintings 
which " could never be of any profit 
to humanity." 

Changes were not confined to the 
salon ; the entire house had been 
subjected to the same transformation. 
Everything which had for its object 
simply to phase had been pitilessly 
sacrificed. Everything now had a 
daily and positive use, the beautiful 
had given place to the useful. 

M. Burton, who showed this new 
arrangement with a certain pride, 
informed Camille that he should not 
stop there. His flower-garden just 
destroyed, was to be turned into a 
poultry-yard, his botanical garden 
into a cow-yard. The new purpose 
to which he should devote his ob- 
servatory he had not quite decided 
upon ; he was undecided between 



making it a windmill or a pigeon- 
house ! 

Camille was amazed at the exag- 
geration of the reform, but the prin- 
ciples which he had expressed pre- 
vented him from blaming, though he 
could not praise. Wishing to re- 
lieve his embarrassment by speaking 
of other things Camille asked if any 
letters for himself had arrived from 
England. 

*■ Yes, I remember that one came/' 
said his father, " but as you have no 
affairs there I gave orders not to keep 
it." 

"What do you say?" cried the 
young man. "Why! I was expect- 
ing news from one of my dearest 
friends, and he promised to keep me 
posted on the Irish question ! " 

"Bah!" replied M. Burton, with 
indifference. " What pleasure can 
you find in concerning yourself with 
matters so far from your own door? 
Is not Ireland to you just what the 
stars were to me ? Its revolutions 
cannot affect you, and you cannot 
change them." 

" But I have a great interest in the 
subject, and my sympathy is with 
Ireland." 

" Can that be of any use to your- 
self or to Ireland? " tranquilly asked 
M. Berton. " Can your interest or 
sympathy influence her destiny, or 
your wishes be of any help to her? " 

" I did not say that it could." 

M. Berton went on not heeding 
the remark. " So the letter was of no 
use to you ; you must admit that 
and so condemn it yourself." 

Camille bit his lips ; he was beaten 
with his own weapons, and for this 
reason was all the more irritated. 

This rigorous application of his 
own doctrines had the air of a pun- 



54 *. 



USELFSS THINGS. 



ishmeut. He felt it keenly, but went 
Oil to criticise in detail the proposed 
changes, and those already made, 
but M. Burton had anticipated every 
objection, and had a reply ready. 
At last, Camille, at the end of his 
criticisms, said the parterre would 
never be a suitable place for the new 
purpose, because a courtyard should 
be paved. His father appeared to be 
much impressed by this. 

"Certainly, certain!}', you are 
right," cried he, "and I have ex- 
actly trie thing I need for it. some 
stone slabs just the right size." 

"Where are they?" asked the 
young man. 

"In the little cemetery of the 
chapel ; they are the tombstones of, 
our family, but of what use are thev 
therei*" 

" And do you mean that you will 
take, them for paving stones? " cried 
Camille. 

"Why not? Is it possible thai 
you can take any interest in old 
stones or in ' extinct generations ? ' " 

"Ah! xhis is too much," ex- 
claimed Camille. "You are not 
serious, my father ! You cannot be- 
lieve that instincts, tastes, and senti- 
ments should be sacrificed in this 
way ! You cannot wish that the 
soul should be subjected to the rules 
that govern common things, and be- 



come a book in double-entry, where 
every value is expressed by figures. 
I understand now ; this is a les- 
son." 

" Say rather an example," said 
M. Benton, drawing his son ten- 
der!)- to him. "I wished to show 
you where the doctrines of Uncle 
Barker would lead you, and in what 
destitution one might be left though 
surrounded by useful things. Never 
forget the sacred words which you 
have heard repeated from your child- 
hood : Man shall not live by bread 
alone ; that is to say, by that which 
is simply necessary to the material 
life. Above all things it is necessary 
that the soul should be nourished ; it 
has need of science, arts, and poetry. 
The things which you have called 
useless are precisely those which give 
value to useful things ; the latter sup- 
port life, the former make us to love 
life. Without them the moral world 
would be like a. country without ver- 
dure, without flowers and birds. One 
of the vital differences between man 
and the brute is exactly this need of 
the superfluous. It proves our as- 
pirations to be higher, and our ten- 
dency towards the infinite. It proves 
the existence within us of something 
which seeks satisfaction beyond the 
real world, in the supreme joys of 
the ideal." 



^#A 










Ksr 



THE POET'S MISSION. 
By C. C. lord. 

O mission high and holy ! Cross and loss, 
The bleak wind sighing on the barren wold, 

Deter him not. In troublous things he sings 
Of pleasures vast, untold. 

In the world's thought he toils in fears and tears, 
The restless breezes sob far over sea, 

But faith beams in his dewy eyes, nor dies 
Though time's illusions flee. 

He loves and longs and feels life's dart and smart, 
The airs but whisper woes to hill and dale, 

Yet all his heart endures to smile the while 
He soothes earth's sorrows pale. 



A SUGAR SEASON AT THE FARM. 
By Esther E. Ellis. 




a OT until late in November 
was it decided to build the 



new " sap house," and not too 
^ aaBa ^ soon either, for the old one 
wasn't much more than a rough 
shanty, and the round arches which 
were built of stones, topped out with 
bricks, for the big iron kettles to set 
on, had to be patched up every little 
while, and smoked at that. We had 
lumber on hand and went to work 
with a will, and it was a great day 
when "Chark-s Henry" came from 
Bridgewater to lay up the brick arch 
and build the chimney. In the old 
one there was only a stovepipe that 
ran out of a hole cut out on the back 
of the camp. 



Grandfather at first was n't in favor 
of the new arch. He would walk 
round, look it over and say " he only 
hoped 'twould work. well ; " but after 
the camp was finLshed, the roof shin- 
gled, two windows, and a side door 
put in, he was as pleased as any of 
us— though compared with a "sugar 
camp " of to-day it would be thought 
a primitive affair. There was no 
floor, only a few boards laid down for 
a walk, and the fitting up very sim- 
ple — four or five wooden pegs for the 
skimmers and dippers, an old chair, 
and two three-legged stools; and 
after the sap holders and draw tubs 
were in there wasn't much room left. 

Our finders were numb with cold 



1*6 



A SUGAR SEASON AT THE FARM 



on the last day we worked, and we 
hadn't finished any too soon, for the 
leaves on the big maples, that had 
changed from green to red, and yel- 
low and brown, lay on the ground 
frozen by crisp frosts, and there was 
a snow bank in the sky. 

" We sh'll hav' snow 'fore mominf " 
said grandfather as he came from the 
barn that night. Sure enough, in 
the morning the ground had its white 
mantle. Snow was steadily falling ; 
winter had set in. As soon as it was 
good sledding we got up the wood 
for the "sap house." It made a big 
hole in a wood pile to run the lire 
in a good sugar season. The new 
arch was about fifteen feet long, and 
it would take a good many big sticks 
to keep the fire up and pans boiling. 
This winter we hauled to the camp 
about twelve cords that we hired 
chopped. It was now February. The 
snow was deep., and the prospects were 
that we should have a good sugar 
year, for there were good and poor 
sugar crops, as in everything else. 
There were stormy days now, and 
we thought the spiles had better be 
looked over and see how many new 
ones would have to be made. We 
brought them from the shed cham- 
ber, and with the little bench and 
shave, into the back kitchen, where 
in the winter there was always a 
fire in the fireplace. We made the 
spiles from sumach, for there was 
only the pith to punch out then. 

As the sugar orchard was on the 
north side of the hill we tapped out 
about the first of March, for the sap 
didn't start as soon as though on the 
south side. Everything was ready ; 
the hoops on the wooden buckets 
were tightened, the new sap pans 
scoured, and sap holders cleaned up. 



We had none of the modern improve- 
ments that are used nowadays, but it 
isn't so many years ago that neat- 
ness, ski];, with hard work were ail 
that was thought necessary to turn 
out a first-class article. There was 
warmth in the air in the first days of 
March, and it looked like a thaw. 
We were now, as grandfather said, 
"ship shape," and ready for a start. 
He was fond of old sea yarns, and 
next to Leavitt's almanac, which he 
considered the only one that had cor- 
rect time on the sun's rising and 
setting, he treasured an old book, 
"Captain Kidd." We were his 
sugar crew. He was captain, father 
first mate. Dick and Ben, — that \s 
me — the crew. We took notice that 
the first mate generally had his say 
about how things should go. 

The sugaring off was done at the 
house. The sap, boiled down to thin 
syrup and strained into pails, was 
carried to the house, poured into a 
big brass kettle, and put on the stove 
to boil down and be run into cakes, 
or stirred off into dry sugar. Grand- 
mother did the sugaring off, for it 
took a good deal of skill to get it just 
right, and not have the batch scorch. 
Sometimes, as a great favor, we were 
permitted to run the cakes in little 
tins, or help stir off, but only under 
her vigilant eye. 

This year we had a new sugaring- 
off pan. Grandmother said at first 
that she would n't use the new-fangled 
thing, but after we scoured and car- 
ried it in, she said we might hang 
it up — " p'haps she'd use it" — and 
she did. We found out why. The 
big brass kettle had sprung a leak. 

It was thawing, the wind in the 
west, and we were ready to tap out 
and not lose the first run. Grand- 



4 SUGAR SEASON AT THE FARM. 



*57 



mother said we " sh 11 liav J 't go first 
and get Sa Jane t' help out.'* Mother 
was n't strong and took no part in 
sugar making: and from some re- 
mote part of the neighborhood, " Sa 
Jane" was sought for and always 
came. There never had been within 
oi:r remembrance a sugar season 
without her. We suppose her name 
was Sarah, it might have been Sa- 
mantha. but to us she was always 
" Sa jane*' that helped out. 

The wood road had been open all 
winter, but a road would have to be 
broken out to the trees. The snow 
was deep and the oxen slumped, but 
we got lound all right and left the 
"big sled at the camp, loaded up with 
our buckets and spiles for an early 
start in the morning. It froze hard 
that night, and, after breakfast, we 
took our handsleds for a short cut 
across the tields, leaving the rest of 
the crew to follow the road with the 
oxen and sleds ; " Bose " rati ahead, 
barking and poking his nose into 
walls for a squirrel. It was a large 
sap orchard, and sometimes it took 
two days to get tapped out, but we 
kept busy and had a good many 
buckets hung up when " Sa Jane" 
blew the horn for dinner. While the 
crust lasted we had fine coasts. 
After a high wind, when some of the 
buckets had blown down, or, afcer a 
storm, were full of rain or snow, we 
would start for the woods with our 
sleds, and when we had the buckets 
righted up, go out into the clearing 
and coast down the steep hill to the 
camp. Sometimes, on a frosty morn- 
ing; we would be at the highest point 
of the hill when the sun rose, and as 
the bright rays streamed up, the air 
would seem alive with thousands of 
sparkling little crystals. 



We had a famous appetite in those 
days. The brick oven was heated 
twice a week in " sugaring," and the 
beans and brown bread; pumpkin 
and apple pies never tasted any bet- 
ter than they did then. Sometimes 
grandmother would stand the tin 
baker in front of the fireplace and 
say, " Sh/ gessed she'd clap a few 
bis'kit in T supper." We used to 
eat syrup on these, and how good 
they tasted ! We could make way with 
a lot. too. " Sa Jane " would say " sh' 
sh'ld think we 'd bust." 

Grandfather knew the signs of a 
good or poor sap day, a high wind 
would stop the flow ; or, if it was too 
cold, he thought sap ran better after 
the brook back of the camp opened. 
We were having a big thaw — the 
wind out for a storm, and it looked 
like rain ; the buckets were running: 
over, and holders at the camp full. 
It was great fun in the camp after 
dark. The fire roared and crackled 
under the pans, and there were red 
gleams from the open arch door. 
The sap boiling up in little white 
foams, and throwing off clouds of 
steam, through which the lighted 
lanterns, on the pegs, looked like 
glow-flies. As a great privilege we 
could stay until * Sa Jane" blew the 
horn; then we had to start. She 
had a wonderful memory. We used 
to think, reproachfully, that she 
might forget us once in a while, but 
she never did. 

The rain was over and in the 
clearing sky was a prospect of good 
weather. The snow was settling fast, 
and the waters that now came rush- 
ing and foaming down from the high 
mountain springs, had cleared the 
snow as if b_* magic. The little 
brook was open. Not until sugar- 



«-58 



MISJUDGED. 



ing was well over, did we have our 
annual "sugar party," for the first 
runs were the sugar maker's harvest, 
as the sap was not only sweeter, but 
made whiter sugar and brought bet- 
ter price in the market. To our 
party the young and old in the 
neighborhood were invited. The 
sugaring-oit pan was half filled with 
thick syrup and put on the stove. 



Graudfal 



ared off at 



si- en re a 



liese 



times, and had his little twigs twisted 
in little hoops at the end to dip in 
the syrup and blow bubbles through 
as a test when done. We filled tin 
pans with snow, pressed it hard to 
run the sugar on ; or, instead of the 
the brittle sugar on snow, 3*0*1 could 
have a "toad in the hole," which 
was a pine stick thrust in the hot 
mass, before it had time to cool, and 
twisted round and round ; or some 
cooled in a saucer, — and you could 
have all you wanted, too, for the rule 
at a sugar party was to eat all you 
could and then eat some more. We 
noticed on these occasions that " Sa 
Jane " would sit quite rear the cellar 
door. It was a wise precaution of 
hers that she had seldom failed to 
observe since the time we ate the 



pickles all up in the pickle tub, for 
pickles and sugar used to go well 
together. The only one of the party 
that didn't enjoy himself at these 
times was Bose, and he was a dog 
that had a sweet tooth, too. He re- 
membered a time that he had been 
used roughly, though in fun, and 
his jaws shut down on a "wob" of 
hot sugar that burned his mouth. 
On the eve of a sugar party he would 
discreetly disappear, and go under 
our bed upstairs. And, turning a 
deaf ear to all calls, would stay, until 
in the night we would hear him 
jump on the bed and with a wag of 
his tail curl down as much as to say, 
"they didn't come it on me this 
time." 

Sugaring was over ; the buds were 
starting on the maples and robins 
swayed on limbs in the high tops. 
There had been a general cleaning 
up and putting away 'till another 
season, and our hard work was over; 
but through it all we had many good 
times that are not to be got out of 
a sugar season in these clays. 

Old sugar days, 3-011 are but a 
memory gone with our 3011th into 
the unchanging laud of the past ! 



MISJUDGED. 
By Moses Gage Shirley. 



He thought she did not love him and he went 
Throughout the world his life a sad eclipse, 

He had misjudged her. News at last was sent 
That she la> r dead, his name upon her lips. 



\$r<\ 



I : 



... 






I - ..;_:.;; 






■ 



t- l.- :■ cry^A, 'i^-Aii*;''."'.'.! 1 J, ■ '"■-,:■ •■^_ -"i.-^.'iiKi. k ii 



FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH OF FRANKLIN 
ZV Mary East; nan Danietl. 




HE movement for establishing 
Unitr riari worship in Frank- 
lin was inaugurated in the 
autumn of 1S7S, and regular 
services have been maintained since 
that time. On January 1?, 1S79, 
Rev. J. B. Harrison of Yineland, 
N. J., preached to a good-sized con- 
gregation in Shepard's hall, where 
services were afterwards held for 
more than four years, and he was 
called to be the first pastor. 

In December, 1879, the first Uni- 
tarian Congregational society of 
Franklin was organized "for the 
purpose of establishing and sustain- 
ing the worship of God in public and 
social religious services, and to se- 
cure for ourselves and our children 
the benefits of religious instruction, 
and as a means of illustrating and ex- 
tending rational and practical Chris- 
tianity." In the second article of the 
Constitution, the objects of the so- 
ciety are declared to be the " cultiva- 
tion and diffusion of useful knowl- 
edge, the promotion of fraternal jus- 
tice, and of a serious and intelligent 

xxviii— 11 



public spirit, and the earnest endeav- 
or to supply a centre and home of 
religious sympathy, and of all good 
influences to those who seek and 
need our fellowship." 

This church accepts the religion of 
Jesus, holding in accordance with 
His teaching that practical religion 
is summed up in love to God and 
love to man. Its object is to seek 
and proclaim truth, to interpret the 
Bible as the supreme literature of the 
religious life, to emphasize the dig- 
nity of human nature as the highest 
manifestation in this world of the 
Creator's love and wisdom, and to 
affirm the priceless worth of the soul 
and the impossibility of its ever be- 
coming separated from God. And 
while it looks with sympathy and 
charity upon every form of religious 
faith, it seeks to put the chief em- 
phasis upon truth, righteousness; and 
love, rather than upon creeds which 
divide the disciples of Christ. It 
welcomes to its fellowship all who 
are in sympathy with these high 
aims. 



i6o 



FIRST UNITARIAM CHURCH OF FRANKLIN. 



Oil the occasion of the organization W. Sulloway reported that a parson- 
of the society the following persons age had been completed at a cost of 



were elected its officers : George B. 
Wheeler, clerk ; Alexis Proctor, 
treasurer; Warren F. Darnell. Al- 




Rev. Edwin S. Eider. 



$2,500, exclusive of the lot, which 
had been given by Warren F. 
Daniell. In the same year, the so- 
ciety received from its most gener- 
ous benefactor, Mrs. Smith, $3,000 
toward forming a library. 

Persis Smith was the daughter of 
James Garland, one of the early set- 
tlers of the town of Franklin, then 
Salisbury, and was born in 1806. 
She married James Smith of Peter- 
borough, and went to St. Louis to 
reside in 1S30. She was a woman 
of rare endowments and a fine pres- 
ence, possessing great dignity and 
strength of character. She and her 
husband were among the original 






vah W. Sulloway, Rufus G. Bur- 
leigh, Alexis Proctor, Daniel Barn- 
ard, B. B. vS. Sanborn, Frank H. 
Chapman, trustees. 

In April, 1881, Mrs. Persis Smith 
of St. Louis offered the sum of $4,000 
toward the erection of a church edifice 
and $1,000 toward building a parson- 
age provided a suitable lot be given 
for the latter. 

At a meeting of the trustees held 
on April 30, it was voted that they 
proceed to build a church at a cost of 
not less than $10,000. They were 
also authorized to build a parsonage 
as soon as the necessary funds could 
be raised. 

At the annual parish meeting held 
on December 31, 1881, Mr. Alvah 



M 



Mrs. . Persis ''tSar!ain# ,J Smith. 

members of the Church of the Mes- 
siah at St. Louis and were lifelong 
friends and supporters of Dr. Eliot 
during his long pastorate in that 
city. 

Mrs. Smith, died in St. Louis, Feb- 



FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH OF FRANKLIN 



161 



ruary 13, 1S90, and was buried from tariaii sermon ever heard in Frank- 
the Franklin church., in which she lih. 



felt so deep on interest, Rev. E. S. 
Elder officiating, and the trustees of 
the society acting as pall bearers. 



r. 






The church edifice is built in the 
Queen Anne style of architecture, 
surmounted by a tower eighty feet in 
height, and is one of the most pic- 
turesque structures in New Hamp- 
shire. 

The interior is beautifully frescoed 
in warm, harmonious tints, is fin- 
ished in polished ash, and is well 
lighted by large windows of cathe- 
dral glass. On one side of the pulpit 
is the pastor's room, and on the other 
is the organ gallery. 

The auditorium, containing fifty 
pew T s, is connected by sliding doors 
with the vestry, which has a raised 
platform and curtain, and can be en- 



L^, 



Rev, Her.ry C. McDc^a!!. 



The library at Franklin Falls, that 
bears her name, contains 3,000 care- 
fully chosen volumes, and is an in- 
strument of helpfulness to the entire 
community. 1 

The church was completed in No- 
vember, 1883, at a cost of Si 6, 120, 
including £2,250 paid for the land. 
It was dedicated on December 19, 
Rev. Minot J. Savage of Boston 
preaching the sermon. Among 
those who participated in the ser- 
vices of the occasion was Rev. Flo- 
ratio Wood of Lowell, who, fifty- one 
years before, preached the first Uni- 



J Miss Danicll has modestly omitted to mention 
the fact that she has generously volunteered her 
services as librarian, without recompense, since 
the foundation of the lihrarv, and been entt ust'.-d 
with r vA\ i-' -rv>: <>f the s.i n,-'. This being the only 
public library in that part of the city, east of the 
Pemigewasset river, and it being open to all citi- 
zens on like terms, has made her services of a 
public character, and earned for her the gratitude 
of the general public as well as the love. — I-',n. 



Warren F. Danieil 



larged by opening the wide door- 
way into the parlor, a pleasant room, 
with fireplace and large bay-window. 
Here are hung the portraits of Dr. 
Channing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, 
Thomas Starr King, Rev. William 



162 



FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH OF FRANKLIN. 



Morse, and Dr. Ezra Gannett, the 
latter a gift from Mrs. Kate Gannett 
Wells. In the rear of the vestry is 
a well-appointed kitchen. 

The handsome organ was the gift 
of Mrs. Charlotte Stevens of North 
Andover, Mass. The Bible for use in 
the pulpit was given by Mrs. Annette 
Eastman Daniell, and the clock by 
Mr. Gilbert G. Fellows. 

In January, 1SS4, Rev. J. B. Har- 



ciety was privileged to enjoy the 
ministrations of this servant of God. 
A thoughtful man of unusual ability 
and high purpose, who endeared 
himself to his parishioners by his 
large-heartedness and tender sym- 
pathies. For several years he 
preached under great physical diffi- 
culties, being assisted into the pulpit. 
and sitting while conducting the ser- 
vices. He resigned in the autumn of 



g& 



\ 



\ 



Alvah W. S'j'lo^vay. 






Ruf'js G. Burleigh. 



rison, who, by his earnestness and a 
high order of ability, had drawn a 
congregation together, and held them 
during nearly five years, in which 
time religious services had been held 
in Shepard's hall, withdrew from the 
pastorate of the society. In the fol- 
lowing September, Rev. Edwin S. 
Elder accepted a unanimous call 
from the church, and became its pas- 
tor. He was a native of Milton, and 
a graduate of the Harvard Divinity 
school. For fourteen years the so- 



189S, preaching his last sermon on 
Christmas Day. 

At the annual parish supper a few 
weeks since, at which Rev. C. J. 
Staples of Manchester, Rev. G. H. 
Rice of Eaconia, and Hon. James O. 
Eyford of Concord were the guests, 
Dr. John W. Staples, speaking for 
the Franklin society, paid the fol- 
lowing tribute to Mr. Elder: "The 
courageous man, who, under physi- 
cal pain and mental stress that would 
crush most men to earth, for many 



FIRST UNITARIAN. CHURCH OF FRANKLIN. 



163 



years taught us the truths of the 
higher life with an intellectual grasp, 
a sublime faith that puts our doubts 
and misgivings to shame. If ever a 
man gave the best of himself to his 
people, if ever a man in the crucible 
of pain separated the dross from the 
pure metal, and coined that metal 
into the genuine coin of the kingdom 
of God and His righteousness, that 
man was Edwin S. Elder." 



to Rev. J. B. Harrison and another 
was built at a cost of $4,200, upon 
a lot of land given by Mr. A. W. 
Sulloway. 

The past of the society is a source 
of gratitude, and the outlook for its 
future is full of promise. More than 
sixty families are connected with the 
church. The Sunday-school under 
superintendence of Mr. \V. F. Duffy 
is in a flourishing condition, and the 



J 



- 



John W. Staples, M. D: 



.. ; . 



Ed/.ard H. Sturtevant. 



In March, 1899, a call was ex- 
tended to Rev. Henry C. McDougall 
of Marblehead, Mass., which was 
accepted, and his installation took 
place June 13, Rev. J. E. Wright of 
Montpelier preaching the sermon. 
Mr. McDougall is a native of Michi- 
gan, a graduate of Ann Arbor uni- 
versity, and of the Harvard Divinity 
school, a man whose power and 
strong personality have already made 
themselves felt in the community. 

In 1886, the parsonage was sold 



Young People's Union, Mr. Ernest 
Atwood, president, meets twice a 
month. The purpose of this organi- 
zation is to cultivate and deepen the 
religious spirit, and to educate the 
young men and women of the parish 
to be loyal and efficient Christian be- 
lievers and workers. The Woman's. 
Alliance, Mrs. S. H. Robie, presi- 
dent, supplies the social element, 
with its monthly suppers and pleas- 
ant gatherings, where young and old 
meet together. That there are earn- 



1 6 4 



FIRST UNITARJjLM CHURCH OF FMANKLIN. 



est workers in the Alliance is shown 
by the fact that their yearly earnings 
average $500. 

The present officers of the society 
are as follows : Rev. Henry C. 
MeDougall, pastor; Edward H. 
Sturtevaut, moderator ; Edward G . 
Leach, clerk ; \Y. F. Duffy, treas- 






m 



(N 



Edward G. Leach. 

urer ; Warren F. Daniell, Alvah \V. 
Sulloway, Rufus G. Burleigh, Alexis 
Proctor, John W. Staples, Edward 
H. Sturtevant, Edward G. Leach, 
trustees. 

The society is indebted for its ex- 
istence and prosperity to an unusu- 
ally favorable concurrence of circum- 
stances. It was no common talent 



that attracted, and 110 common abil- 
ity that held together, a congregation 
drawn from the other churches. It 
was no ordinary interest in a liberal 
church, and in what it stands for, 
that prompted the generous gifts of 
over nine thousand dollars from dis- 
tant friends towards a church, a par- 
sonage, an organ, and a library, and 
this generosity was seconded by a 
corresponding liberality on the part 
of the society. And what is more 
significant and piomising, those 
ideas, convictions, and purposes of 
which the Lmitarian church is the 
exponent and representative, were 
heartily welcomed by a large part of 
the community. It is to be hoped 
that, as an institution for the promo- 
tion of goodness and righteousness in 
the lives and characters of its mem- 
bers and for the advancement of 
the kiugdom of God, the Unitarian 
church of Franklin will abundantly 
justify the faith, fulfil the hopes, and 
reward the endeavors of all who have 
in any way contributed to its estab- 
lishment. May this church be a 
home for all reverent souls. May it 
be a garden of God, wherein the seed 
sown may spring up in fragrant blos- 
soms, and bear rich fruit in human 
lives. 

May it be a shrine of holy and 
blessed memories of those "who walk 
with us no more," of her, who, in 
reality, laid its corner-stone, by her 
teachings and by the gracious influ- 
ence of her beneficent life. 



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T^W* 



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\tes 



03. .Bee 



BACKERS 
FALLS 

District. 




THC MOAT 



PACKER'S FALLS. 
By Lucie n Thompson. 



t 



HE article in the February 
number of the Granite 
Monthly, written by Irv- 
^^1 ing A. Watson, M. D., has 
been read with much interest, and as 
Thomas Packer's name is connected 
with the early history of Durham, 
from the fact that he once owned 
land and mill privileges on the 
Lamprey river, and that a large sec- 
tion of Durham is still called " Pack- 
er's Falls," the writer has ventured to 
present the following notes 
regarding the same. 

Packer's Falls are in the 
Lamprey river, which flows 
through the southern part r 
of Durham. The name was L 
originally applied to a series 
of falls, but is now confined 
to the falls just below the 
bridge on the road to New- 
market. The name of Pack- 
er's Falls was derived from 



Col. Thomas Packer of Portsmouth, 
who was a physician, judge, lieuten- 
ant-colonel, and member of the gover- 
nor's council. The town of Dover, 
April 1 1, 1694, " granted to Capt. Pack- 
er, Jonathan Woodman, James Davis, 
Joseph Meder, and James Thomas, 
the hole streame of Lampreh River 
for the erecting of a sawmill or mills, 
that is to say, the one half to Capt. 
Thomas Packer, the other half to the 
other fower men be/our mentioned." 



I 



- A 






Packer's Fails. 






. 






i66 



PACKER'S FALLS. 



Captain Packer received a grant 
of fifty acres of land "on the south 
side of the aforesaid falls, or else- 
where, for his convcniency 



leaving 



- 

\ i 



&&' *^z 



K> 



r i 



i • 



Gen. John Sullivan. 

eight rods of land by the river for a 
highway." 

Captain Packer sold the above 
grant and mill privilege to Philip 
Chesley of Oyster River, December 
i, 1711. 

The name has also been given for 
a 'long time to the southwestern part 
of the town on both sides of Lamprey 
river, extending to the adjoining 
towns of Lee and Xewmarket. 

General John Sullivan's mills at 
"Packer's Falls" are spoken of 
December, 1774, when Eleazer Ben- 
net, of the Fort William and Mary 
expedition, was in his employ. In 
1774, John Adams (afterwards presi- 
dent) in a letter said that John Sul- 
livan then had " a fine stream of 
water with an excellent corn-mill, 
sawmill, fulling-mill, scythe-mill, and 
others, six mills in all, which are 
both his delight and profit." 

A few years ago the paper mills in 
Packer's Falls were burned, and the 



present year an electric light plant 
has been erected or. the Lamprey 
river to furnish heat, light, and power 
for Xewmarket and Durham. In the 
Packer's Falls district once stood the 
David Davis garrison, the Pender- 
gast garrison, which is now occupied 
by 'Mr. John H. Scott, and the 
Joshua Woodman garrison. 

Moharimet's Marsh and Mohari- 
met's Planting Ground are in Pack- 
er's Falls, and are localities named 
after an Indian sagamore of this 
region. 

Mention should be made of Col. 
Thomas Tash who- lived at Packer's 
Falls. He was a brave officer in 
the French and Revolutionary wars,, 
and at one time he was stationed at 
Charlestown No. 4 (a fact of interest 
in connection with the article in the 
Granite Monthly, February, 1900. 
on " Charlestown Xo. 4."). 

Thomas Packer's name is also as- 
sociated with Greenland, X. H., as 
Packer's Creek, and Packer's Point 
were named from him. He acquired 
a part of the Champernoune farm. 



•'v..-v.- 



I . I 






'■■' '■ "■ 

A Mi.i Scene. 



Most people would better locate this 
land if the writer had called it the 
" Pierce farm" which was a part of 
the Packer estate. 



Its? 



JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 1 
By James I)-: N"ormandie* D. D. 






I H 



opening years oi tiie cen- 
tury now drawing to its 
H^^l^v close witnessed a great awak- 
\^?& enirjg and overturning m the 
intellectual, social, and religious life 
of New England. 

James Freeman Clarke was born in 
the midst of these movements ; they 
became a part of Lis life, and he a 
large part oi their life, so that if we 
would seek tire explanation of his re- 
markable and humane activities we 
must make a brief review of these 
movements. 

Among these, perhaps, the one of 
chief moment was transcendentalism. 
The term in ils best meaning was ap- 
plied to those who believed in an 
order of truth transcending the exter- 
nal senses ; a faith that in human 
nature was an intuitive faculty which 
clearly discerned spiritual truths, and 
that spiritual knowledge did not come 
by special grace, and was 'not at- 
tested by miracles. 

To many, transcendentalism was 
only another name for the highest 
and most beautiful interpretation of a 
spiritual Christianity, just as the Quak- 
er trusted to the teachings of the inner 
guide of God's ever-present spirit, 
but many were full of fears lest it 
was about to establish a new Chris- 
tian sect which should gather to it- 
self the highest types of life in the 
community, foi it was noticed with 
keen apprehension that the most of 
these were, at least, touched by, if 
not imbued with, the new philosophy. 
The transcendental club numbered a 

1 An address delivered before the New Hai 
xxviii— 12 



large proportion of the most thought- 
ful, refined, educated, artistic, and 
humane persons in and around Bos- 
ton, men like George Ripley, W. E. 
Channing, Emerson, Hawthorne, 
Bartol, Parker, Hale, S. I. .May, 
Wm. Henry Channing, Cranch, 
Thoreau, Bancroft, and women like 
Margaret Fuller, Elizabeth Peabod3 T , 
Mrs. Hawthorne, Miss Ripley and 
Mrs. Ripley. Still the community 
in general, and especially the church, 
were full of fears as to whither this 
philosophy was leading these young 
and gifted lives. It was easy to 
criticise them ; to say they were 
given too much to idealism, that 
they divorced the mind from matter, 
and abandoned the earth to gaze 
upon the heavens, but it is true that 
to this movement very much of the 
best influence of American life is 
due. One of the marked fears of 
this movement was seen in a general 
suspicion and condemnation of all 
German theology. 

When I had my call to the South 
Parish in Portsmouth, in 1S62, I wrote 
to the committee of the church that I 
should like to put in my acceptance a 
condition, that after two or three 
years I should have a year to pursue 
my theological studies in Germany, 
and the reply came that the parish 
would be delighted to grant the re- 
quest but begged that while such a 
step might be highly useful for a stu- 
dent, it would be much wiser to leave 
the word German out of my request 
because there was such a prejudice 

npshire Historical Society, Februarys, 1S99. 



i6S 



JAMES FRIZ EM AN CLARKE, 



against German transcendentalism, 
which shows how, to the popular 
mind, there was conveyed some dim 
vision of an awful and Impending 
evil to the Church of Christ. 

In Xew England transcendental- 
ism found its best expression in 
Emerson, and it is something of a 
literary as well as spiritual curos-ily 
to see in what terms of horror the 
sweet and uplifting writings of this 
beautiful soul were received,. or rath- 
er shunned. The criticisms of those 
who afterwards became his warmest 
admirers, but who were alarmed lest 
he were overturning the whole struc- 
ture of Christianity, are to us now 
almost incredible. They reveal the 
fact that even with the strongest 
minds the atmosphere of the society 
in which they move, and the current 
opinions of their day are of greater 
influence than their own judgment. 
"The effort of perusal," said one 
when "Nature" appeared in 1837, 
" is often painful, the thoughts ex- 
cited and frequently bewildering, and 
the results to which they lead us 
uncertain and obscure." "The 
writer aims at simplicity and direct- 
ness, as the ancient philosopher 
aimed at humility, and showed his 
pride through the tatters of his 
cloak." " He is sometimes coarse 
and blunt that he may avoid the 
imputation of sickly refinement, and 
writes bathos with malice prepense, 
because he abhors dignity and un- 
natural elevation." 

Professor Bowen says of the chap- 
ters on "Spirit" and "Prospects," 
" We prefer not to attempt giving any 
account until we can understand their 
meaning." 

Bartol says, " He seems in some 
places to know no difference between 



light and darkness, sweet and bitter; 
of reverence we perceive but the 
faintest traces." 

Feiton says, "With many of Mr. 
Emerson's leading views we differ en- 
tirely if we understand them ; if we 
do not the fault lies in the author's 
obscurity." 

Of hardly less importance, for a 
brief period, than transcendentalism, 
was the "Brook Farm movement," 
for it was supported by many of the 
same noble persons. 

Brook Farm was not any form of 
Socialism as is now understood, or 
little understood, for a vast and sub- 
tle influence which in its best and its 
worst features is now rapidly pene- 
trating and transforming society un- 
der the name of Socialism, but Brook 
Farm was an expression of that sen- 
timent which for long ages has ani- 
mated many of the loftiest souls, a 
dream of some Arcadia, some Plato's 
Republic, some Island of the Blest, 
some Apostolic community of goods, 
some Utopia, some Augustine's city of 
God, where the heavy burden of social 
life may be lightened, where the vast 
irregularities may be tempered, where 
the ugly discords may be harmonized, 
where a community of interests may 
take the place of this everlasting 
envy and over-reaching, and where 
the physical, intellectual, social, and 
the spiritual parts of man's nature 
may have room for a more even devel- 
opment. From the Egyptian Thera- 
peutae and the Christian Hermits 
down to the Brook Farm community 
there have been, and as long as there 
is so much social unrest there will 
be, all kinds of attempts to help so- 
ciety by withdrawing from society, to 
redeem the world by going apart from 
the world. 



JAMBS FREEMAN CLARKE. 



169 



It was out of this feeling that a 
company of most highly respectable, 
refined, and humane persons, want- 
i 1 1 g t h e d i s p a r i t y of c 1 idition a n d 
opportunity which were working 
such injustice in the world, to be for 
a little circle righted, bought the 
Brook farm in West Roxbury in 
1S.10. Lowell was -there, and George 
William Curtis, and Hawthorne, and 
George Ripley, and many enthusias- 
tic and congenial spirits. There 
were high ideals, and fine conversa- 
tions, and zealous cooperation, but 
the practical details 01 living could 
not be mastered, and it was soon 
abandoned. Hawthorne says, "There 
is a most vicious animal in the yard, 
a transcendental heifer belonging to 
Margaret Fuller. She tries to rule 
every other animal, and a gvard has 
to be placed over her while the other 
animals pass in and out. Whether 
the fact that the creature belonged 
to Miss Fuller, or that she was a 
trauseeudentai animal, caused it to 
be so undesirable a companion is not 
announced." 

Again Hawthorne writes, — April 
14, 184 1 : "I did not milk the cows 
last night; either because Mr. Ripley 
Was afraid to trust them to my hands, 
or me to their horns, 1 know 7 not 
which." 

April 16: "I have milked a cow. 
Ripley said he liked to milk cows, — 
such an occupation was eminently 
favorable to contemplation, particu- 
lar!}' when the cow's tail was looped 
up behind." 

James Freeman Clarke owned the 
Brook farm in 1861, and when the 
Second Massachusetts regiment was 
about to be organized, I offered it, he 
says, to the quartermaster, and it was 
accepted. " I never raised much of a 



crop upon it before ; but in 1S61 it 
bore the greatest crop of any farm in 
Massachusetts, in the courage, de- 
votion, and military renown of the 
officers and men of that noble regi- 
ment." 

Brook farm was such a failure as 
must come to all experiments where 
the practical knowledge is wanting ; 
it was such a success as follows every 
movement where men are honestly 
making some attempt at higher liv- 
ing. 

Then came the Anti- Slavery move- 
ment which formed so large a part of 
Mr. Clarke's interests and writings 
and labors and prayers. No pen 
has ever given, no pen ever can give, 
even a faint picture of the misery the 
slave trade has caused; and yet two 
centuries ago there was not the 
slightest moral feeling aroused in 
connection with it. Bishop Berkeley 
had no scruples about it ; Jonathan 
Edwards, saintly and profound, 
thought it no evil ; Whitefield advo- 
cated it ; the society for the propaga- 
tion of the gospel sent slaves along 
with their missionaries, and as if to 
show the moral blindness and even 
profaneness which the trade encour- 
aged, one of the ships which the 
English sent to open the trade in 
new quarters was called TJie Jesus. 

By and by one after another began 
to see how the moral law bore upon 
it. Blind and selfish as many were 
fifty years ago, clergymen passing it 
silently by, many a congregation 
stirred into a fury if the subject were 
but introduced, nevertheless the con- 
tagion of liberty spread ; children 
were educated in the better aspects 
of the question, older persons en- 
forced them, political and social in- 
fluences turned towards them, and a 



170 



JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 



crime which began so far as this 
country is concerned in 1562, which 
flourished with hardly a rebuke from 
the most saintly lives of Christendom 
for two centuries, and which was 
mildly spoken against at the opeu- 
ing of the third, was swept from the 
English speaking nations by a fear- 
ful war before the century closed. 

I need not refer at any greater 
length to this subject here, where 
there must be some familiar with 
Parker Pillsbury's "Acts of the 
Apostles " of the Anti-Slavery cause ; 
some, too, now remember the disturb- 
ances and riots and works at Derry 
and Dover in this state and in par- 
ticular the disgraceful behavior of 
the students of Dartmouth, at Han- 
over, the birthplace of Mr. Clarke. 

In the last place we have the re- 
ligious movement into which Mr. 
Clarke threw his whole powers. 

A great movement of the divine 
spirit was stirring men's minds and 
hearts as they had not been stirred 
since the rise of Puritanism strug- 
gling against the Church of England. 
Calvinism under the inexorable logic 
and the terrible theology of Jonathan 
Edwards held triumphant sway and 
darkened, discouraged, arid poisoned 
human nature at its very heart. 
Man's reason was held to be help- 
less and blind, and the fairest, most 
moral, and most spiritual soul counted 
for nothing unless by the arbitrary 
decree of election it had been se- 
lected for salvation, and that without 
any regard to the purity and fidelity 
of its own life. A few of the elect 
were exalted into a theological aris- 
tocracy, the most pernicious and un- 
deserved that has ever soiled the 
page of human history, while all the 
rest of mankind were by the eternal 



purpose of the Creator destined to a 
realm of torture, malignant, endless; 
in comparison with which all tem- 
poral suffering would be sweet and 
grateful. 

Never was there a clearer call out 
of the heavens for a protest against 
such an appalling belief, and never 
was (hat call more faithfully obeyed 
than by the mission of Channing, 
with its quiet, spiritual, persuasive 
pleas for the nobility of human na- 
ture, for reliance upon human reason, 
for salvation according to the actual 
quantity of human goodness, nothing 
more, nothing less, nothing else ; for 
the imitableuess of Christ's character 
because all natures are one in kind, 
but differing in degree ; for a uni- 
verse so full of God that there was no 
room for a hell where He was not, 
and yet so full of law there was no 
escape from the just and eternal pen- 
alty for every wrong ; and for a God 
who knows no few elect and millions 
lost, but who is without partiality 
the Father indeed of all. 

No justice has yet been done to 
that noble band who took up the 
strain of Channing. They have been 
called respectable, refined, scholarly ; 
they were more than that, they were 
men of the spirit, they were friends 
of God, they were seekers after and 
servants of the truth, they were lov- 
ers of humanity, they had caught 
glimpses of great, broad, spiritual 
thoughts, which lie at the foundation 
of all true religion, by which alone 
that parliament of religions six years 
ago at Chicago became possible. I 
am not unfamiliar with ecclesiastical 
history, and I say confidently that 
not since Christianity was introduced 
has there been in any land within so 
brief a time or so small a circle, so 



JAMJ-S FJtiB&Tfs 



4RKE. 



171 



distinguished and consecrated a com- 
pany as the early leaders of the 
U 11 i ta r i a n n 1 o ve rnent, a 11 d by whom 
the standard of the Christian pulpit 
has been lifted up as it never was 
before. But think of them, Chan- 
ning, Dewey, Emerson, Hedge, 
Priestley, Gannett, Bellows, Parker, 
Fairness, Clarke, the Wares, the 
Peabodys ; Putnam, Walker, and 
King ! What a wonderful company 
of literaiy persons responded to their 
awakening appeal. — Longfellow, Low- 
ell, Holmes, Bryant, Hawthorne, 
Wasson, Bancroft, Motley, Preseott, 
Sparks. Hiklreth, Parkman, Thoreau. 
Hale, George Ticknor Curtis, Mar- 
garet Fuller, Lydia Maria Child, 
Louisa May Alcott, Lucretia Mott, 
and Helen Hunt Jackscn. Think 
what statesmen and philanthropists 
found their highest ideas of govern- 
ment in this simple theology, — John 
Adams, and John Ouincy Adams, 
Jefferson, Franklin, Fisher Ames, 
Judge Story, Otis, Daniel Webster, 
Edward Everett, Calhoun, Ouincy, 
and Charles Sumner. Think, too, 
what noble lives in every walk of 
life made that faith their inspiration 
to every good work, — Horace Mann, 
Samuel G. Howe, Peter Cooper, Louis 
Agassiz, Benjamin Pierce, Dorothea 
Dix, who, with a serener majesty 
than any queen has ever equaled, 
made her divine pilgrimage to the 
prisons and asylums of the world ; 
Pierpont in his noble fight for tem- 
perance, Tuckerman in his sweet 
mission to the lowly, Ezra Abbott, 
easily first among the revisers of the 
Bible translation. 

All these were Unitarians because 
a great movement was stirring the 
souls of thoughtful men, the whole 
system of popular theology had been 



slowly undermined, the times called 
for greater liberty of individual judg- 
ment, for a more reasonable faith. 
The human heart and the human 
reason had long rebelled, and now 
there came forth an open, swelling 
torrent of opposition and indignation. 
Man was claiming a larger freedom, 
a broader faith, a God who was not 
a tyrant, a human nature not utterly 
depraved, a race not doomed to 
helpless and eternal ruin, a human 
reason not altogether astray, and 
a system of theology which pro- 
claimed, wide as the fellowship of 
humanity, that the only salvation 
here or hereafter was personal righte- 
ousness. It was out of this ferment 
that the Unitarian movement came, 
and as well the revival of the great 
interest and prosperity which have 
marked the wonderful growth of the 
Episcopal church in this country 
during the past fifty years. 

It was in the midst of such an 
awakening of the social and spiritual 
life of New England that James Free- 
man Clarke was born at Hanover, in 
this state, on the 4th of April, 1S10. 
His father, Samuel Clarke, was liv- 
ing: at this college seat in order to 
study medicine under Dr. Nathan 
Smith. He lived here only a few 
weeks when the family moved to 
Newton, Mass., in the care and 
household of Rev. James Freeman, 
the minister of King's Chapel, while 
the father returned to Dartmouth to 
finish his medical studies. 

At this time the community had 
not ceased to talk of the commotion 
which had been aroused by King's 
Chapel lapsing from the Church of 
England. It had been established, 
as its name implied, as the house of 
worship for the representatives of the 



JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE, 



king in Boston and the neighbor- 
hood, but in the opposition to Eng- 
land which arose at the time of the 
Revolution, every appearance of roy- 
alty was frowned upon and removed. 
The worshipers Who remained after 
the Royalists had left the town, were 
affected by that theological move- 
ment which had then begun, and 
which culminated in the preaching of 
Charming, and the proprietors of 
King's Chapel chose James Freeman 
to be their pastor, and ordained him 
themselves because there was no 
bishop wdio would do it. 

When Dr. Bellows was in Kngland 
a bishop of the English church asked 
him to tell him about a church in 
Boston, where, as lie had understood, 
they used the "Book of Common 
Prayer," watered. "Oh, Bishop," 
replied Dr. Bellows, "not watered 
but washed." 

The minister under whom this 
church became interested in the 
Channing movement was the grand- 
father of James Freeman Clarke. It 
was in his home that he grew up un- 
der the most favoring, happy, and 
spiritual influences, where he could 
have said as the Apostle Eliot did of 
the home of Thomas Flooker, in 
which, for some time, he was an in- 
mate, " When I came to this blessed 
family I then saw, as never before, 
the power of godliness in its lovely 
vigor and efficacy." 

We may smile at the austerity of 
our Puritan ancestors, and in their 
fear of giving way to pleasure think 
life had a grim aspect to them, and 
the prying historian looking over their 
church records and finding how they 
sat down the lapses of some brother 
or sister from honor, truth, or virtue, 
or temperance, may draw some hasty 



and unfavorable conclusion about the 
state quarrels in those days, but 
when we know the keen scrutiny of 
the Puritans, than which no papal 
inquisition was more searching, when 
we remember they were not afraid to 
make a public record of their trans- 
gressions, and when we look at the 
population — there is every reason to 
believe that these early settlers were 
exceptionally godly men and wo- 
men. 

And how true it has been from that 
day to this, when righteousness is 
plainly manifest in the busy hearts of 
trade in our metropolitan centres, in 
the councils of the nations, or in the 
halls of learning, you go back and 
back until you fed its spring in some 
sweet home of piety in these little 
villages, nestling among our New 
England hills. 

In the home of Dr. Freeman young 
Clarke found every help that could 
train him for his work in life. It was 
a home of intellectual activity, of hu- 
mane interests, of a spiritual atmos- 
phere. It was a home where there 
was a love for the earth and its 
products, a delight in all country 
pursuits, an interest in the lower 
creatures, the ever-present charm of 
a simple life in Nature. 

Dr. Freeman had a happy faculty 
of teaching his grandchildren. Be- 
fore Clarke was ten years old he had 
read parts of Ovid, Horace, Virgil, and 
the New Testament in Greek, and had 
gone as far as cubic equations in 
algebra, and this without any sense of 
being overtasked. All studies were 
made entertaining. Latin and Greek 
were as interesting as when a child 
has the joy of finding a new word, 
and has to tell it to the whole house ; 
problems in mathematics were treated 



FAMES FREEMAN CLARKE 



i73 



as a kind of game, and all his walks 
and sports in the outer world were 
turned into methods of acquiring 
knowledge. 

Dr. Clarke says of him, " He an- 
ticipated sixty years ago the best 
method of modern instruction. 

He made our studies interesting 
to us. First he removed all unneces- 
sary difficulties, and only required us 
to learn what was essential." 

He taught him trigonometry dur- 
ing play hours, so that the hoy of ten 
made himself a little quadrant out of 
a shingle and measured the height of 
the trees and houses around him. 

In his early home life at Newton 
he speaks of the habit of church go- 
ing, and says, " Every one in the 
town went to church, attending two 
services with an hour's intermission 
between. . . . One man in the 
parish, and one only, never went to 
church, and he was looked upon with 
horror as an infidel and wicked per- 
son. I do not think the people paid 
any great attention to the sermon, 
nor did they regard that as of any 
consequence." The}' assisted at the 
sendee as the Roman Catholic assists 
at the mass, — by their bodily pres- 
ence ; that was held to be enough." 

There can be no doubt that the gen- 
e r al condition of congregations in those 
earlier days was one of somnambulan- 
cy, for we find in the old records min- 
utes of the officers whose duty it was 
to go up and down the aisles during 
service time with a rod bearing a 
tuft of feathers at one end and a 
brass ball at the other ; the feather 
end to wake up the women sleepers, 
and the brass ball the men. How 
could it be otherwise with hard work- 
ing^ people, and the interminable ser- 
mons? Still everyone was there, and 



there was the service of communion. 
of devotion, of worship, a solemn and 
awful feeling of the divine presence. 

After being fitted at the Boston 
Latin school Clarke entered Harvard 
college, at the age of fifteen, in 
1S25. The ela^s was quite a famous 
one, made more so by the poems 
Holmes read at its various meet- 
ings, and had in it Oliver Wendell 
Holmes. Rev. William Henry Chan- 
ning, the nephew of Dr. Channing, 
of whom one who knew him from a 
child said, " William Henry Chan- 
ning is the holiest person I ever 
knew. God beset him behind and 
before, and laid His hand upon him." 

In college Clarke made no special 
mark in any study or in any way. 
II f. was liked for his gentle ways and 
sweet character, but took no high 
rank as a student. He spoke of 
Holmes's wit and poetry as marked 
then as in after life. One day they 
were talking of metaphysics, "I'll 
tell you, James," said he, ''What I 
think metaphysics is like. It is like 
a man splitting a log, when it is done 
he has two more to split." 

From college he entered the divin- 
ity school in 1829, and there was in- 
timate, with Hale, Bellows, and W. G. 
Eliot, and may have seen Emerson, 
who, that year, was boarding at Di- 
vinity Hall. 

In the divinity school it was as in 
college. Mr. Clarke seemed to have 
no very marked interests, and to give 
little promise of the work he did, and 
the eminence of later years. But he 
was diligent, judicial, not a partisan, 
and so earnest to see both sides of a 
theological question that even then it 
was thought lie had no decided opin- 
ions of his own. 

When the end of his theological 



174 



I AMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 



course came Clarke chose a Western 
field, because the idea of some mis- 
sionary work interested him, and in 
the old parish of a New England 
town he thought there must be little 
freedom, only the routine of genera- 
tions, and not so much room for self- 
development. A church had been 
established in Louisville, Ky., the 
year before, but the ill-health of the 
minister had left it vacant, and soon 
after graduating Mr. Clarke set out 
for Kentucky. He preached once be- 
fore going at Waltham. and his grand- 
mother hearing fee was to have a ser- 
vice in the town of factories, sug- 
gested for a text, " She seeketh wool 
of flax, and spimietb diligently with 
her hands," but the text of his first 
sermon was " Whatsoever thy hand 
fmdeth to do, do it with t\\y might." 
That was really his life-motto, for 
until the end came, he was from that 
time an earnest, hard-working, un- 
wearied student, seeking for the 
truth, helping humanity, living close 
to God. 

Then he set out for Kentucky. 
The only railroad on which trains 
were drawn by locomotives was a 
short one crossing the state of Dela- 
ware. The Boston <>c Providence and 
Boston & Worcester railroads were 
opened in 1S35; and Mr. Clarke 
notes the extraordinary feat of six- 
teen miles in seventy minutes. The 
stage-coach and steamboat were the 
only means of conveyance. The 
progress was slow ; the forest paths 
were not infrequently lost sight of, 
the corduroy roads rose and fell 
over the swampy prairies, the drivers 
were sometimes intoxicated, the 
horses left to pick their own way 
through the rocks, or to dash down 
the hills, and the passengers often 



expecting, and sometimes experienc- 
ing, a turn-over; and serious injuries, 
with no help at hand, were far from 
unusual. But to a young man such 
an experience of the forests and 
mountains and rivers, the glory of 
the autumnal woods, of the possi- 
bilities of this vast and unsettled 
region, and of the frontier characters 
in the beginning of the civilization of 
a new land was full of fascination 
and life. In 1840 he went to Chi- 
cago on his way to Kentucky, a quiet 
town of about 7,000. 

Arriving in Louisville in August, 
1837, he found a small church had 
been gathered, embracing a few 
prominent families, among others 
that of Judge Speed, whose sou was 
the most intimate friend Lincoln ever 
had. 

Judge vSpeed was a slaveholder, but 
like so many of his class in that day 
thought it wrong, and expected that 
before long all the slaves would be 
emancipated. A young man from 
the North once said to him, "Your 
slaves seem to be very happy, sir." 
He replied, "I try to make them 
comfortable, but I do not think that 
a slave can be happy. God Almighty 
never meant a man to be a slave ; and 
you cannot make a slave happy." 

From such a man the young minis- 
ter was taking his first lessons in the 
Anti- Slavery cause. 

Mr. Clarke had heard that in the 
West they would listen only to 
preaching without notes, so the first 
Sunday he made the attempt, and he 
says after talking in a very desultory 
way for fifteen or twenty minutes he 
suddenly came to an end. No one 
spoke to him and he went back to 
his room thinking he had made an 
utter failure. 



MMSS FMMBM^N CLARKE. 



*75 



Twenty years after he met in Green- 
field, Mass., a man who told him he 
was in the Louisville church when he 
preached his first sermon. "You 
heard a pretty poor one." said Mr. 
Clarke. " That \s so," said lie ; " about 
as bad a one as I ever heard." " Do 
you know what the people said about 
it?" asked Mr, Clarke. He an- 
swered, "Yes, after you had gone 
out some of them stopped and talked 
about it. One man said, * We had 
better let him go back, at once, to 
Boston, ior he will never do anything 
here.' But another remarked, ' Do 
not let him go in a hurry, perhaps he 
will do better by and by.' I noticed 
that there seemed to be some sense 
in his prayer." So they concluded 
to wait awhile before speaking to 
him. 

During his Kentucky life he kept 
in touch with his Xew England life, 
and with all denominational affairs 
by his literary work in The Western 
Messenger, of which he was editor. 
He found it easier to speak against 
slavery in Louisville at that time 
than in Boston, and strong words 
against the evil were quite common 
among those who felt the deadly 
coils in which they were bound. 
Dueling was common, and when Mr. 
Clarke once preached against it, a 
United States senator, who was in 
the congregation, could not under- 
stand the minister's objections to 
the question, and exclaimed, : ' Why, 
he might as well preach against 
courage." . 

. His somewhat lonely life was 
greatly enriched by an abundant cor- 
respondence with many of the choic- 
est spirits of that day, men and 
women, all afire with the questions 
of society, politics, and religion shap- 



ing the life of this great, new world. 
Correspondence, that wonderful art 
of fine com 111 union between kindred 
souls, which the busy life of our day- 
is placing among the lost arts, or 
bringing down to the conciseness of a 
telegram, or a telephone talk, or the 
limits of a postal card. 

Mr. Clarke had a busy ministry 
at Louisville with the possibility of 
an exchange only at very rare in- 
tervals, manager of the schools of the 
city, seeking for employment and 
homes for Polish emigrants, a pro- 
nounced and active universal phil- 
anthropist. 

That ministry came to an end in 
June, 1S40. He returned to Xew 
England when society was restless 
and fermenting with new ideas upon 
every subject. Emerson said, " Every 
man carries a resolution in his waist- 
coat pocket." 

On the 28th of February, 1841, 
Mr. Clarke preached for the first 
time in Amory hall, on the corner of 
Washington and West streets, to a 
company which became the Church 
of the Disciples, of which church, 
with slight intermission until his 
death, he was the minister with 
an ever- widening, deepening, conse- 
crated influence in everything which 
concerned the social, intellectual, 
and. religious life of Boston ; in every- 
thing which concerned the Unitarian 
church ; in everything which con- 
cerned the church universal in its 
highest and finest interpretation. 

In 1S48, a new house of worship, 
a chapel in Freeman Place, was dedi- 
cated to the uses of the church, and 
in February, 1869, the new church 
was built, still known as the Church 
of the Disciples, on Brookliue street, 
corner of Warren avenue, and here 



7 6 



■■JAMJSS FREBM-AN CLARKE. 



he preached until the 13th of May, 
iSSS, when the last sermon was from 
the text, " Lead us not into tempta- 
tion." It was fifty-live years from 
that first sermon upon doing ,; What 
lies at hand " — the nearest duty, and 
for fifty-five years that text had been 
the watchword of his life. 

There is not very much to single 
out and dwell upon in the life of 
a busy city minister. There is the 
morning service year in and year out., 
and perhaps half of the year a second 
service, and the manifold outside 
calis come to have a ecu tain routine 
even in their unexpectedness. You 
never can tell what will happen 
within the next half day, but you 
are pretty sure that something will 
happen ; and yet the calls, the meet- 
ings, come to have a certain unity 
in variety, where the one purpose 
running through them all will be 
the opportunity, the obligation, to 
take sides for the higher humanit}', 
to say 7 another word for the kingdom. 

So it was in the busy years oi Mr. 
Clarke's ministry. Besides the morn- 
ing sermon was a sermon for the 
Saturday Evening Gazette, for fifteen 
years ; there was the writing of in- 
numerable papers for different socie- 
ties, addresses for various meetings, 
editorials for two or three periodicals, 
reviews of books ; the writing of 
books, large or small, counting up 
thirty volumes ; there was the Bible 
class and social meetings at the 
vestry every week : ordinations to at- 
tend ; meetings of the Anti-Slavery 
party, of the Free Soil party, of the 
Temperance party, of the Women's 
Suffrage party ; chaplain of the sen- 
ate, director of the Unitarian associa- 
tion, professor at Harvard, trustee of 
the public library, member of the 



State Board of Education, overseer 
of the neighboring university, and an 
ever-increasing correspondence not 
only in our own country but abroad. 
The organization of the Church of 
the Disciples for Mr. Clarke was not 
altogether cordially received by the 
churches in Boston which were in 
general accord with his theology. 
The ideas upon which it was based. 
upon the social principle, the volun- 
teer principle, and a sharing of the 
duties, and even to preaching by the 
members with the pastor were not 
popular. They were very different 
from any which the churches had 
known, and they were looked upon 
with a good deal of distrust, of 
criticism, and of opposition. Dr. 
Frothingham, of the First church, 
returning from Mr. Clarke's installa- 
tion in Freeman Place chapel in 184S 
remarked that. " David's soul did not 
rejoice that day." The idea of any 
social life among members of a 
church was bitterly resented. It was 
claimed that the free system, instead 
of rented or owned pews, threw the 
expense upon a few, and it was 
thought Mr. Clarke's intellectual lib- 
erty went altogether too far when he 
ventured to exchange with Theodore 
Parker ; and that he had, on account 
of his life in the West, ventured to 
speak altogether too freely of Boston 
Unitarianism. An air of elegant 
conservation, of fine breeding, of 
great respect for tradition, of belief 
in class distinctions, of interest in 
liberal thought so far as it did not 
disturb the established order of so- 
ciety, of a pervading moral senti- 
ment, of great reluctance to overturn 
anything, of a desire to preserve the 
best life of puritanism, of a sober, 
dignified, reverent existence, of an 



JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 



177 



all-pervading humane conduct inside 
of the old traditions, of intellectual 
culture without much logical coher- 
ence, of biblical criticism not pressed 
to an)' extreme issues, of sweet, 
spiritual sentiment, and of a far- 
reaching, generous philanthropy 
within social centers, marked the 
Unitarians of New England. At 
that time they 1 ever thought of ac- 
cepting the logical results even of 
Chauning's theology. 

It is interesting to notice how Dr. 
Clarke came running quite against 
much of this life, and vet growing to 
a commanding position among all its 
representatives. 

It was all possible through the fine 
flavor of the man's character. Here 
was one who was intensely in earnest, 
he lived upon the uplands, he im- 
pressed everyone as a man of this 
spirit. He was as saintly at St. 
Francis, but of a very different as- 
pect. Mr. Clarke was an earthly 
saint ; there are celestial saints, and 
saints terrestrial, but the glory of 
the celestial is one, and the glory of 
the terrestrial is another. There 
was nothing ecclesiastical about his 
church, except all that was ever best 
in the ecclesia, a true assembly of 
souls ; there was nothing in the dress 
or habit or way of the man to desig- 
nate the. priest, except the deepest life 
which ever marked any priest ; a di- 
vine authority to officiate at the altar 
of God. He knew full well that the 
one great truth of all ecclesiastical 
truths is . that just as ritualism is 
introduced, spirituality dies out. In- 
dividuals may be just as devout and 
spiritual amidst the extremest ritu- 
alism as anywhere, but all the ad- 
vance of organized ritualism has 
through the whole history of man 



marked the decay of godliness. 
Here was an orator as men desig- 
nate eloquence. His manner was un- 
graceful ; liis voice upon the whole 
rather gruff and disagreeable ; his 
style would be regarded as extremely 
poor by all merely liteiary critics, yet 
few ministers have ever had a greater 
faculty of bringing spiritual truths 
right home to their congregations, 
because of a simplicity, a directness, 
a clearness, and an earnestness which 
at once won you. 

He was a wide student of theolog- 
ical literature, and had a most happy 
faculty of picking the wheat from the 
chaff ; of seeing what good there was 
in all systems, and a frank acknowl- 
edgment of it, and a very clear way T 
of saying what he thought was wrong 
in each. He liked to touch upon 
every doctrinal discussion which was 
broached in his day, and hardly a 
social question of the least moment 
but was sure to have at his pulpit the 
benefit of a sermon. 

He had, too, a very fair way of 
stating an opponent's view, and a 
long stud}- of extempore discussions 
of every kind gave him a strong and 
ready expression in debate. And he 
could say pretty severe things out of 
a heart so sure of its rectitude that no 
one could take offense. 

One day in the height of the Anti- 
Slavery discussion, where, at every 
meeting, some resolution upon the 
subject was sure to come, at a reli- 
gious conference, not very long after 
the Lovejoy affair in Illinois, the in- 
evitable resolution came. Dr. Eliot 
of St. Louis, who could ill bear any 
reference to the matter, arose, saying 
that thus far the meeting had been 
most harmonious and helpful, ^and 
desiring that no word of. discord 



i 7 S 



JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE. 



should be introduced, and started 
down the aisle repeating the text, 
•'•' Render under Caesar the things that 
are Caesar's; wait for the things that 
are God's," whereupon Dr. Clarke 
jumped to his feet exclaiming, 
" Brother Eliot, just wait a moment, 
that is exactly my view of the mat- 
ter, but Caesar lias got hold of some 
slaves down South that belong to 
God, and I 'm bound God shall have 
them." 

Mr. Clarke's habit of mind was 
poetical, hence all the sternness of 
theology vanished at his touch, and 
yet he never wrote very much poetry ; 
a few hymns which are cherished, by 
his friends. At a time when stu- 
dents of German literature were very 
rare in this country, he was reading 
what was best in it. As early as 
1 84 1 he translated from the German 
of DeWette "Theodore; or, The 
Skeptic's Conversion," and later 
Hase's "Life of Jesus." The two 
parts of "The Ten Great Religions" 
form his most extensive literary work, 
and show what a happy faculty he 
had of finding the best part of every 
religion, as in life he was ready to 
look for the better things in every 
person's nature, and nowhere is this 
so fully shown as in his " Orthodoxy ; 
Its Truths and Errors," which has 
had a very wide reading. 

When many young persons were 
speaking of great enthusiasm about 
the equal and superior merits of other 
sacred books to their own Scriptures, 
— generally persons who know little 
of their own, — a person was insisting 
that passages from the " Rig Veda " 
should be read as well as from our 
Bible. "And in what language will 
you read them?" "In English, of 
course." "Then you understand 



Sanskrit?" Not at all, in fact he 
could hardly read English. Then 
Mr. Clarke explained to him that at 
that time none of the " Vedas" ex- 
isted in the English language. 

Thus he worked on faithfully, joy- 
ously, thinking this world of God's 
was a good world, and ever coming 
to better tilings, with an ever-in- 
creasing body-guard of loving friends. 
v. ith an innumerable host who had 
been helped by his quiet and serene 
faith, a treasured companion, a man 
walking in his home with a perfect 
heart until the Sth of June, iSSS, 
when the end came. 

It has been said that- when the 
men who play out the ocean cable 
lose it overboard in a gale of wind, a 
calculation depending upon the heav- 
enly bodies, marks upon paper the 
spot where it fell into the ocean's' 
•depths and left no trace behind. Af- 
ter the storm the ship returns at her 
leisure and pauses with unerring di- 
rectness on the waste of water as if a 
stake marked the spot, and the cable 
is restored. 

The soul is always making its voy- 
age from the human to the divine, 
but often in stormy weather of doubt 
01 the rough tempests of worldliness, 
the chain which binds us to the eter- 
nal seems to drop into the unfathom- 
able deep, but some overwatehing*, 
unclouded star still marks the loss, 
and will not let our relation to the 
Eternal be quite blotted out from the 
memory. What then shall bring us 
back? Only the life of a good man, 
of a godly man who has been down 
into the deep things of the spirit, who 
can find the lost and bring the dead 
in transgression again to life, — and 
such a man was James Freeman 
Clarke. 



t7<? 







\^/ 



m 




HON. JOHN M. HILL. 

John McClary Hill, born in Concord. November 5. 1821, died in the city of 
his birth amhlifetime residence March 4, 1900. 

Mr. Hill was the second son of the late Hon. Isaac and Susan (Aver) Hill, his 
father having been one of the most distinguished residents of the state, governor, 
and United States senator, a close friend of Andrew Jackson, and a leader of the 
Democratic party for forty years. He was the founder of the New Hampshire 
Patriot, the leading Democratic newspaper of the state, and his son, John M., was 
reared in close touch with the newspaper business, and strongly indoctrinated with 
the principles of the Democratic party. 

His early education was obtained in the public and private schools of Concord, 
and supplemented with a year's attendance upon the academy at South Ber- 
wick, Me., from which he returned home in the spring of 1S40, and immediately 
engaged in journalistic work, as publisher of 27ie Farmers' Monthly Visitor, an 
agricultural publication which his father had established a short time previously, 
and which soon obtained a large circulation. In the fall of the same year, with 
his father and eider brother, William P. Hill, he commenced the publication of 
a new political paper, Hill's New Hampshire Patriot, the old New Hampshire 
Patriot having been sold to other parties by Isaac Hill during his absence in 
public life at Washington. The new paper commanded a large measure of popu- 
lar favor, and Mr. Hill continued his relation thereto until 1S47, when it was 
merged with the old Patriot, under the proprietorship of himself and the late 
Hon. William Butterfield. 

In 1853. Mr. Hill sold his interest in t;he newspaper to his partner, desiring 
relief for a time from the confinement of indoor life. In 1856, he accepted the 
treasurership and management of the Concord Gas Light Company, which he held 
continuously until January. 1889, a period of thirty-three years. It was in that 
office that the greater portion of his business life was spent. 

Mr. Hill had ever been deeply interested in all enterprises tending to promote 
the interests of the city of Concord, and in many such had been actively and 
efficiently engaged. He was, for six years' from its inception in 1872, a member 
of the city board of water commissioners, and was for many years a member of 
the Concord fire department. His first service in connection with the department 
was as a member of the board of firewards in 1844. Afterwards he served in 
various companies and on the board of engineers for a long series of years, and 
twice held ihe position of chief engineer, first from 1870 to 1873, and again from 
1882 to 1885 in a departmental crisis. No man living had taken a greater interest 



180 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

in this important branch of the municipal service, and no man who ever held the 
office did more than he to bring the department to a high state of efficiency, and 
to firmly establish its reputation as one of the best in the New England states. 

In 1861. at the commencement of the Rebellion. Mr. Hill was tendered the 
position of adjutant-general of the state, but declined it. He was a member of the 
board of trustees of the Concord Ladies' Soldiers' Aid association, an organization 
which contributed largely to the comfort and relief of sick and wounded soldiers 
in the Union army. He was. in fact, the working member of the board, and gave 
much time and ene:. gy to carry forward its operations, raising and dispensing large 
sums of money and oilier contributions. 

In 186S Mr. Hill resumed his connection with the Patriot, representing one 
half ownership jointly with ex-President Pierce and Hon. Josiah Minot, and was 
associated with William Butterrield, who had held continuous proprietorship until 
the sale of the paper to the late Col. Edwin C. Bailey, in 1873, when both finally 
retired. He was not, however, personally engaged in the office, but represented 
by his son. Howard F. Hill, who had graduated from Dartmouth college the year 
previous. 

In his later life his interest in journalism remained unabated, and he became 
the first president of the New Hampshire Press association, holding the office for 
four years, from the organization in 1S6S, and maintained his membership and an 
active interest in its affairs down to the time of death. 

He also retained his interest in tire department matters, and was frequently 
called upon for counsel and advice. He was active in the formation of the 
Veteran Firemen's association and was its first president, holding the position 
for several years. 

Fie had several times held the position of state auditor of printer's accounts, 
and in 18S4 was selected by the justices of the supreme court as a member of the 
State Board of Equalization. He was chosen its secretary, but resigned at the 
close of the second year. He was then elected president of the board, which 
position he held at the time of his death. 

He was long intimately connected with the management of the Meehanick's 
National Bank of Concord as a director and clerk of the board; also with the 
Merrimack County Savings Bank of which he was vice-president. 

Schooled in the principles and traditions of the Democratic party from earliest 
childhood, by both paternal and maternal teaching, Mr. Hill had been all his life 
an earnest, working Democrat, laboring zealously for the success of his party. 
He had been actively identified with the party organization in various capacities, 
on ward, city, and state committees, having been at different times secretary, 
chairman, and treasurer of the state committee, holding the latter position for 
many years. He never made politics a business, however, and never sought 
public o-fice'at the hands of his fellow-citizens. Against his own desire he was 
nominated on two occasions, in past years, as the candidate of his party for mayor 
of Concord, receiving, in such case, a vote considerably in excess of his party 
strength. 

In 188.4. ^ r - Hill was the Democratic candidate for governor, having been 
nominated in opposition to his own wishes and inclinations, from the general con- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 1S1 

viciion on the part of leading Democrats through the state that his name would 
materially strengthen the party cause before the people. How well grounded was 
this conviction, and how great was the public confidence in his ability, integrity, 
and special fitness for the chief magistracy of the state is evidenced by the fact 
that while the Republican electors in the state received a plurality of 3,957, the 
Republican candidate for governor had a plurality of only 2,727. In Concord, his 
home city, his opponent had 5; plurality, as against 403 for the electoral ticket, 
which showed the popular regard in which, he was held by the people. He 
declined a renomination in 1 8 ^ 6 . 

Although not a communicant. Mr. Hill had been, from childhood, a constant 
attendant upon the worship of the Protestant Episcopal church, and had con- 
tributed liberally of his means for the maintenance of the same, and for the sup- 
port of all the auxiliaries of the church work. 

Mr. Hill was twice married; first to Elizabeth Lord Chase, of Berwick, Me., in 
1S42 ; second to Elizabeth Lincoln of Concord, who survives him, as does an only 
son. by his first wife. Rev. Howard F. Hill of Concord, and two brothers, William 
Pickering Hill, now of Pitkin, Col., and Isaac Andrew Hill of Concord. 

HON. CHARMS C. COMSTOCK. 

Charles Carter Comstock, born in Sullivan, N. H., March 5, 181 8, died in 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, February 20, 1900. 

Mr. Comstock spent his youth, until eighteen years of age, upon his father's 
farm in Sullivan, when, upon his persuasion, the latter sold out there and pur- 
chased a better farm in the town of Westmoreland to which he removed. In 1S42 
young Comstock built a sawmill in the latter town, and was there engaged in 
lumbering until 1853, when he sold out and removed to Grand Rapids, where he 
entered at once into the same business. He manufactured lumber on a large 
scale, and in addition established mills for the conversion of the lumber into 
finished products. He manufactured sash, doors, and blinds, and his mill was 
the largest in western Michigan, equipped with some of the first woodworking 
machinery brought here. The output of his mill exceeded the local demand, and 
he found a market for the surplus in other cities, shipping the stock out by boat 
down Grand river and across the lake. His shipments were among the first 
exports from Grand Rapids, and laid the foundation for a trade which grew to 
large proportions and of great advantage to the town. 

In 1857 he purchased a furniture factory, and into this industry put the same 
enterprise and energy which he had applied to his lumbering and other ventures. 
and in the shipment of furniture was also a pioneer. Mr. Comstock sold a half 
interest in his furniture business in 1863 to James M. and Ezra T. Nelson, and 
two years later sold the remaining half to his son, and the business his energy put 
upon a firm foundation is still in existence at the old site under the corporate title 
of the Nelson-Matter Furniture company. 

Upon disposing of half of his furniture business, in 1863, Mr. Comstock engaged 
in the manufacture of pails and tubs, and built up an immense business in this 
line, consuming over 10,000,000 feet of lumber annually, and continuing in the 
business until 1883. 



i82 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

During the panic of 1873, wnen money was scarce, public confidence shaken, 
and the outlook dark, Mr. Comstock was obliged, by stress of circumstances to 
resoit to the issuing of script for the payment of his employe's or to shut down 
entire!}. In his mills and factories he gave employment to nearly three hundred 
men, and to have suspended would have entailed upon them the severest hardship, 
The script was accepted and for several months passed current about town, con- 
fidence in Mr. Comstock's integrity and financiering ability sustaining it. He 
weathered the storm and with the return of good times redeemed every cent of his 
script indebtedness. 

In his lumbering operations Mr. Comstock acquired large tracts of timber land 
which proved valuable for farming purposes when the timber was taken away. 
As old age advanced, he more and more sought the quiet of the farm, and brought 
the same executive ability to bear upon agriculture that he had put into manu- 
facturing, and made his farms pay substantial profits. For the last ten years he 
lived almost entirely on his farm or in the handsome suburban home which he 
built for himself just south of the soldiers' home. 

One of Mr. Comstock's farms is the present Comstock park at Grand Rapids. 
Always interested in promoting industry and agriculture, he gave this property, 
nearly one hundred acres, to the West Michigan Agricultural society for fair 
grounds. There is a provision in the dieed. transferring it to the society that 
should the society ever cease to exist, or the land be used for other than fair 
purposes, that it shall become the property of the city of Grand Rapids, to be used 
for park purposes. 

While deeply engaged in manufacturing and' other enterprises, Mr. Comstock 
found time to devote attention to the duties of citizenship. In 1.86,3 ne was 
elected mayor of the city, and in 1S64 was elected for a second term. That was 
during the war period, and he was active in sending the soldiers to the front. In 
1870 he was candidate for governor of Michigan and was defeated by a plurality 
of 18,785 by Governor Baldwin, in a state which two years later went Republican 
by 56.000 majority. In 1S73 ne was ^ ie Democrat candidate for congress, and in 
1878 he was nominated by the Greenbackers for congress. In 1884 the Demo- 
crats and Greenbackers fused, he was the nominee for congress, and his election 
gave the Fifth district its first. congressman whose politics were other than Repub- 
lican. Mr. Comstock declined a second term and since then, although he never 
lost interest in what was going on, he did not mingle actively in political affairs. 

Mr. Comstock was married in 1840, in his native village, to Mary M. Win- 
chester, who died in 1S63. In 1865 he married Mrs. Cordelia Davis, daughter 
of Daniel Guild, and she survives him. His only son, Tileson A. Comstock, died 
when a young man. His eldest daughter, with her husband, Albert A. Stone, and 
little son, perished at sea by the wreck of the Brother Jonathan off the coast 
of California in July, 1865. Beside his wife, four daughters survive him, Mrs. 
Goldsmith, Mrs. Konkle, Mrs. Boltwood, and Mrs. Russell. 

ABEL P. RICHARDSON, M. D. 

Dr. Abel Barker Richardson, long the leading physician in the town of Wal- 
pole, died at his home in that town, after a protracted illness, February 4, 1900. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 1S3 

Dr. Richardson was born in Lempster. February 19, 1834. and was a son of 
Abel and Ahnena (Parker) Richardson of that town, and in the eighth generation 
from Thomas Richardson, the emigrant, who was one of the settlers of Woburn, 
Mass., in 1641. He was educated in the Green Mountain Liberal institute in 
South Woodstock and in Westminster seminar}'. In 1S57 he became principal of 
Walpole High school, and was a thorough and successful teacher, and very popu- 
lar with his pupils, many of whom became his lifelong friends. He taught the 
High school four years, from 1S57 to 1S59, anc ^ a S a i n from 1S62 to 1864. After 
his first term of teaching in Walpole, he resided for nearly two years in North 
Carolina, engaged in teaching and other pursuits, and returning at the outbreak of 
the War of the Rebellion, In 1S61 he began the study of medicine with Dr. Will- 
iam M. French in Alstead. He attended two courses of lectures at the University 
of Vermont, and one course at Dartmouth Medical college, where he received his 
degree in 1S64. He also did post-graduate work in the Harvard Medical school 
and in New York and Philadelphia. After practising one year in Marlow, he 
settled in Walpole in the fall of 1865, and spent the rest of his life there. He 
acquired a large practice in Walpole and neighboring towns on both sides of the 
Connecticut river. He became prominent in his profession ; was president of the 
Connecticut River Valley Medical society in j8Si ; of the Cheshire County Medi- 
cal society: and of the New Hampshire Medical society in 1S96. On the one 
hundredth anniversary of the organization of the New Hampshire Medical society, 
in 1 891, he delivered an interesting address, entitled "Looking Backward/' in 
which he took for his subject the life of a country physician one hundred years 
ago. He was a member of the board of United States Pension Surgeons at 
Bellows Falls seven years, from 1SS2 to 1889, and president four years. In June, 
18S1, he delivered an- address before, the New Hampshire Medical society on 
"Death: Its Physical Aspect," and in November, 1883, he delivered the address 
to the graduating class in Dartmouth Medical college. 

He served on the school committee for ten years, from 1867 to 1877, and his 
annual reports printed by the town were interesting and valuable. He was 
elected town clerk in 1869, and was re-elected annually, with the exception of one 
year, having at the time of his death nearly completed his thirtieth year in that 
office. From this long service as town clerk and from his practice of many years 
as a physician he had become thoroughly acquainted with the history of the town 
and its people for the last forty years. He was a Democrat in politics, but not 
inclined to discuss political questions. He was an active member of the Unitarian 
society ; trustee for many years, and treasurer at the time of his death. He was 
also a trustee of the savings bank of Walpole. He was a public spirited citizen, 
interested in everything tending to benefit the town, and ready to do his part 
by contributing his time and means. He was ready with his pen and an interest- 
ing speaker on public occasions. 

Descended from the best New England ancestry he exemplified the best New 
England traits in his life and character. He had a keen sense of humor and 
a ready wit, was of a social disposition, so amiable as not to be easily ruffled, and 
kindly in his feelings. He had a taste for general reading, and was a good judge 
of what is excellent in literature. He was much interested in public events, and 

xxviii— 13 



1 84 NEW HA MPS HIKE NECROLOGY. 

alive to the progress of the times both in his profession and in general affairs. 
Dr. Richardson was married April 4, 1S66, to Miss Sylvia F. Symonds, 
daughter of Charles D. Symonds of Marlow, who survives him. He also leaves a 
sister, Mrs. Cordelia A. Clark, widow of Lieut. -Col. Thomas Clark, of Cambridge- 
port, Mass. ; a niece. Miss Ida A. Clark, and a nephew. Dr. Walter T. Clark of 
Worcester, Mass. 

SAMUEL P. CARBEE, M. D. 

Dr. Samuel Towers Carbee. of Haverhill, died at his home at Haverhill 
Corner, January 31, 1900. from cancerous disease from which he had long suf- 
fered, though bearing his affliction with heroic fortitude. 

Dr. Carbee was a native of the town of Bath, where he was born June 14, 
1836. He attended the public schools of his native town, and later pursued his 
studies at Newburv (Vermont) seminary, where he fitted himself to become a 
teacher in the public schools, and for a time followed that calling. 

In 1S60 he began the study of medicine with Dr. Albert H. Crosby of Wells 
River, and continued his studies with Drs. Dixi and A. R. Crosby of Hanover 
imtil 1862, when he enlisted as a private in the Twelfth regiment, New Hampshire 
Volunteers, under Capt. J. Ware Butterfield. For some time he was placed on 
detached duty in the commissa v y department, but in October, 1S63, was com- 
missioned assistant surgeon, and served in that capacity until the close of the war. 
He participated with his regiment in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Gettysburg, and was with the Army of the Potomac from the Wilderness to the cap- 
ture of Richmond. He was the first Union surgeon to enter the Confederate capital. 

At the close of the war he resumed his medical studies at Dartmouth Medical 
college, from which he graduated in 1S66. He soon after began the practice of 
medicine in Haverhill, and has pursued his profession with assiduity and success 
for thirty years in that town, where he built up an extensive and lucrative practice. 

A man of generous impulses and genial manners, he was well adapted to his 
profession, and secured the respect and confidence of his patients. He was a 
member of the White Mountain and of the New Hampshire Medical societies, and 
for many years was medical examiner for leading life insurance companies. He 
also served for twelve years on the examining board for pensions for this district. 

Enthusiastically devoted to his profession, he yet found time to devote to 
public matteis, and was repeatedly a delegate to the county and state conventions. 
He was elected county commissioner, as a Republican, in 1884, and was re-elected 
in 18S6. Fie was elected to the legislature in 1894, and was surgeon-general 
of the state on the staff of Governor Busiel with the rank of brigadier-general. 

Dr. Carbee was a prominent member of the G. A. R., had been commander of 
the Nat Westgate Post, and the Camp of the Sons of Veterans at North Haverhill 
was named in his honor. He was connected with several fraternal orders, and 
was a Knight Templar of Mt. Horeb Comrnandery at Concord. He was one of 
the directors of the Woodsville Loan and Banking association, and a director of 
the Woodsville National Bank from its organization. 

September 30, 1885, he was united in marriage at Dorchester, Mass.. with 
Miss N. Delia Buck, a native of Haverhill, who survives him. 



N$W HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 1S5 

JAMES II. SMART, LI,. D. 

James Henry Smart president of Purdue university, Lafayette, Ind., died at 
his home in that city, February :i. iqco. 

President Smart, who' was long recognized as one of the ablest and most 
progressive of the great array of educators to which New Hampshire has made so 
liberal a contribution, was born in Center Harbor, June 30, 1S41, his father being 
a physician of local repute. He attended school in the neighborhood and in 
various academies, .supplementing his schooling by assiduous home study until lie 
had mastered the full curriculum of a college course. At the age of seventeen he 
began teaching, and in 1S5S was a teacher in the public schools of Concord, 
continuing in those and other New England schools until 1S61, when he was 
engaged in the public schools of Toledo, Ohio. LPere he remained until 1S65, 
meanwhile publishing his first book, a volume on " Physical Exercises." 

In 1S65 he was elected superintendent of schools in Fort Wayne, Indiana, and 
held that post until 1S74, being then elected superintendent of public instruction 
for Indiana. By re-elections he held this office until 1883, when lie was chosen 
president of Purdue university, one of the best appointed technological institutions 
in the country. 

For twenty-seven years he was a member of the Indiana State Board of Educa- 
tion; was elected trustee of the University of Indiana in 1883, and for six years 
was a trustee of the State Normal school. In 1892 he was an assistant com- 
missioner for Indiana to the Vienna exposition, and in 1878 he was a United 
States commissioner to the Paris Exposition, where the school exhibit of Indiana, 
procured and arranged by him, won a gold medal and a special diploma. In 
1 89 1 he was a commissioner from the United States Department of Agriculture to 
the Agricultural congress at The Hague. In 187 1 he was president of the 
Indiana Teachers' asssociation, in 1880 of the National Educational association, 
in 1890 of the American Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment 
Stations. In 1874 Dartmouth conferred upon him the degree of master of arts, 
and in 18S2 he received from the Lmiversity of Indiana the degree of doctor 
of laws. 

He has published: "An Ideal School System for a State," "The Institute 
System for the United States," " Commentary on the School Laws of Indiana," 
" The Schools of Indiana," and " Books and Reading for the Young." 

He married, July 21, 1S70, Man' PI., daughter of Professor Snow of Grinnell 
college, Iowa. 

President Smart always retained a great affection for the state of his birth, 
and the greater part of his summer vacations was always spent here. He has 
been a frequent visitor in Concord. 

LUTHER P. DURGIN. 

Luther Perry Durgin, whose death occurred Saturday morning, February 17, 
was one of Concord's most respected citizens. Tie was the eighth of the ten chil- 
dren of Hazen and Deborah (Thompson) Durgin, and was born in that part of 
Sanbornton now Tilton, October 21, 1823. 



186 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

He attended the district schools near his home, but when he was nine years. of 
age his mother died and lie was thrown upon his own resources. He went to 
Lowell, Mass., and found employment in a woolen mill for a short time, engaging 
also in other pursuits. 

In 1S3S he found further opportunity for schooling, and supported himself at this 
time by carrying newspapers. His life as a newsboy interested him in the printing- 
business, and in 1839 ^ e entere< ^ the office of the Lotvell journal and Courier as 
an apprentice under the late Leonard Huntress, thus beginning his life work as a 
printer, which he followed for nearly sixty-one years continuously in Lowell and 
Springfield, Mass., Concord, Manchester, Portland, Me., and Boston. For the 
past thirty-six years he had been employed by Morrill &: Silsby and by Silsby ^c 
Son, as foreman. 

Mr. Durgin was originally a Free Soiler, and afterward a Republican in poli- 
tics. During his residence in Concord he received frequent evidence of the 
esteem of his fellow- citizens and served one year as councilman and two years as 
alderman. He was elected from Ward Four to the legislatures of 1S74 and 1875 
and in 18S9 he was a member of the Constitutional convention. For nine years 
he was a member of the board of water commissioners. 

Mr. Durgin was an Odd Fellow of long standing, having joined the order in 
1844, two years later becoming a member of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. 
In 1868 he united with Rumford Lodge of Concord. He was also a member of 
Tahanto Fncampment. 

He w r as for more than thirty-six years a devoted member of the Methodist 
church and faithfully and diligently served its interests as a superintendent of the 
Sabbath school, class leader, steward and trustee. Fie was one of the most active 
of the founders of the Baker Memorial church, and was a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the Winnipiseogee Camp-meeting association from its formation. 

Mr. Durgin was three times married: In 1846 to Nancy M. Barnes; in 1878 
to Hannah M. Bickford ; in 1S98 to Isadora P. Nightingale, who survives him. 
He also leaves a sister, Mrs. Sevina Vinton of Lowell, and two sons, Luther W. 
and Hazen F. Duiyin of Concord. 



■d 



JOSEPH E. BENNETT. 

Joseph E. Bennett, for many years a prominent and influential citizen of Man- 
chester, died at his residence in that city, February 20, 1900. 

Mr. Bennett was the son of Stephen and Flannah Bennett of New Boston, and 
was born in that town August 9, 1817. He was educated at Francestown acad- 
emy, New Hampton Institute, Waterville and Yale colleges, entering the latter as 
a junior and graduating in 1843. ^ ne succeeding fall and winter he taught school 
in Searsmont, Mass., where he was elected on the school board, but removed to 
Manchester in 1S44, and engaged with J. Y. P. Hunt in building mills for the 
Amoskeag Mfg. Co. In 1S47 ne became foreman for J. F. Andrews in building 
operations in Nashua, where he continued most of the time till i860. During this 
time he assisted in the rebuilding of the state house at Montpelier, Vt., and in the 
construction of the passenger station and freight house in Manchester, and of 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 1S7 

mills there, at Southbrkige, Mass., and other places, and the Church of the Im- 
maculate Conception at Boston. 

During this time he retained his residence in Manchester, and spent his win- 
ters in teaching in Maine, at New Boston, and at Manchester in this state, having 
been master of the schools at Piscataquog Village, Hallsville and Webster's Mills, 
and the North and South grammar schools of Manchester. 

In 1S60, leaving the employ of Mr. Andrews, Mr. Bennett returned to Man- 
chester and went to work for himself, being in company one year with his brother, 
John J. Bennett, and two years with Lyman R. fellows of Concord. In 1S65 he 
was elected city clerk, a position which he held for more than a decade. He was 
selectman and ward clerk of the old Ward Five, and had been either assessor or 
clerk of the board of assessors seventeen years at different times ; was elected by 
the Democrats of Ward Five as alderman in 1S49 ; and as a FYee Soiler was 
chosen representative to the general court in 1851— '52. He represented Ward 
Five in the school committee in 1S52 and 1S5 7. He was a trustee of the Amos- 
keag Savings bank, having been elected in 1S68. 

Mr. Bennett was a prominent Free Mason, a master of Lafayette Lodge in 
i865- , 66, high priest of Mount Horeb Royal Arch Chapter in 1S70-71, and was 
for a long time recorder of Trinity Commandery, Knights Templar. He was 
always prominent in connection with the First Baptist church and society, and for 
many years treasurer of the society. In March, 1S45. ne married Miss Susie- 
Dyer of Searsmont, Me., by whom three children were born, none of whom sur- 
vives. She died in 1883, and he subsequently married a Mrs. Hart well, who sur- 
vives him. 

GEORGE R. KATON. 

George R. Eaton, one of the most prominent citizens and business men of 
northern New Hampshire, died suddenly in Lancaster, his place of residence. 
February 1 1. 

Mr. Eaton was born in Portland, Me., November 16, 1837. He attended the 
schools of that city and Yarmouth, but at fifteen years of age his school days were 
over, though not his opportunities for learning. Fie then entered the office of 
S. T. Corser, superintendent of the Atlantic & St. Lawrence railroad. When 
twenty years of age, or forty-two years ago, lie left his home city, and came to Ber- 
lin, where he engaged as manager for Hezekiah Winslow & Co., in their great 
lumber operations. This firm changed several times, at last merging into the Ber- 
lin Mills Co., but through the changes Mr. Eaton remained, and for fourteen years 
was connected with the management of that great concern. Berlin chose him one 
of her selectmen when he was but twenty-one years old, and later elected him to 
represent her fast growing interests in the legislature. Flis training and his natural 
insight into affairs enabled him to discern great possibilities for Coos in the lumber 
business, and he early made purchases of large tracts of spruce lands, not confin- 
ing his field of operations to Coos as the years went on. but seeking other sections. 
Jn 1872 he bought a stock of goods and a store in North Stratford, and in that town 
his trade for several years amounted to $200,000 a year. He was selectman of 
Stratford, and in 1876 member of the Constitutional convention. In 1SS2 he took 



iSS NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

E. B. Merriam as partner so that he could pay more attention to his landed inter- 
ests. About this time the Lancaster National bank was started, and being made 
its president, he removed to that town, where he ever after resided. He served 
for three years as commissioner and four years as treasurer of Coos county. For 
some time past he had been treasurer of the Browns Lumber Co. at Whitefield. In 
politics he was a Democrat, and in religion a Unitarian. 

He married, in 1S60. Miss Sarah J. Parker of Berlin, who, with three daugh- 
ters, survives him. 

REV. JOHN W. MERRILL, D. D. 

Rev, John W. Merrill. D. D., died at his home in Concord, February 9, 1900. 

Dr. Merrill was a native of the town of Chester, the son of Rev. Joseph Annis 
and Hannah (Jewett) Merrill, born May 9, 180S. He graduated from the YVesleyan 
university in 1834. From 1S34 to 1837 he studied in the Theological seminary, 
and immediately after graduation he was elected president of McKendree college 
at Lebanon, 111. Four years later he returned to Massachusetts, and in 1841 
organized the First Methodist Fpiscopal church at East Boston, serving as pastor 
for thirteen years. In 1854 he was appointed professor of ethics, metaphysics, 
natural and historical theology in the Methodist General Biblical institution, which 
in those days was located in Concord. He was instrumental in forming the 
Boston University of Theology, which later absorbed the Concord Biblical insti- 
tute. In 1 868 he returned to the itinerant work, and in 1S73 took a super- 
annuated relation. 

Dr. Merrill had lived the greater part of his life in Concord, and was held in 
highest esteem in the city. He was connected with the Baker Memorial church, 
and his last cliurch work was performed in September last, when he assisted at 
the administration of the Communion service. Fie was a profound scholar, and 
continued his study of the languages till he had reached his ninetieth year. He 
was a man of strength, physically, mentally, and morally, and did much to pro- 
mote educational work in his denomination. 

August 17, 1S42, he married Miss Emily Huse, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Enoch Huse of Newburypcrt, Mass. She died in 1886. Six sons were born, but 
only three are now living, Charles A., of Worcester, Mass., Edward H., of Con- 
cord, and Elijah H., of San Francisco. 

TIMOTHY EASTMAN BAYLEY. 

Timothy Eastman Bayley of Plymouth died Sunday, February 18, on his 71st 
birthday anniversary.. having been born on the Bayley farm in the south part of 
Plymouth, February 18, 1829. 

He was the youngest of three children of Benjamin and Ruth Eastman Bayley, 
and came from Revolutionary stock, the grandfather, Solomon Bayley being a sol- 
dier in the War of 1776. 

The father, Benjamin Bayley, was one of the first elected selectmen of Ply- 
mouth and v. as prominently identified with all affairs concerning the town. 
Timothy Eastman Bayley married Susan Cochran, daughter of Robert and Har- 
riet (Gill) Cochran, July 1, 1855, and they enjoyed an unusually happy married life 



. . 






NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 1S9 

of forty-five years. Six children were born, four boys and two girls, all of whom 
are living. They are Mary Ann Johnson. George C. Bayley, Lizzie Ardella Ran- 
dolph. William Cochran, Charles Flanders mid Herbert Eastman Bayley. All but 
George, whose home is in Tilton, reside in Plymouth. 

Mr. Bayley was a veteran of the War of the Rebellion. He was mustered into 
servioe as a private in Co. H, Fourteenth New Hampshire Volunteers, and was 
soon promoted to sergeant. He served three years and received an honorable dis- 
charge in 1S65. He contracted malarial disease while in the service, from which 
he never recovered, and which was the primary cause of his death. 

JOHN S, HOBBS. 

John S. Hobbs, of North Hampton, a lifelong resident and prominent citizen, 
died in that town February 19, at the age of nearly eighty- four years, having been 
born March 17, 1S17. 

Mr. Hobbs was a fine type of the progressive farmer, and as such had found 
his principal occupation. He was a man of marked business capacity, and his 
judgment was seldom at fault. He was much in the service of the town, and had 
well filled every important office within its gift. — collector, clerk, treasurer, rep- 
resentative, and selectman for repeated terms, having served about twenty-five 
years in the last named office. He hie! been a director and agent of the Rocking- 
ham Farmeis' Mutual Fire Insurance company for more than thirty years, and in 
February, 1S91, was chosen its president. He resigned this office in February, 
1S99, but still retained his long connection as agent. Politically he was a staunch 
Democrat. To Mr. Hobbs that company owes much of its strength and security. 

Mr. Hobbs left a widow, one daughter, who is the wife of Collector John W. 
Mason of Hampton, and five sons, — John YY\, of North Hampton, Joseph W., of 
Lawrence, Mass., George C, of West Newton, Mass., Charles P., of Boston, and 
Thomas D., of Somerville, Mass. A sister, Mrs. Freeman Drake, of North 
Hampton, also survives him. 

HON. AMOS L. ROLLINS. 

Amos L. Rollins, born in Alton, December n, 1S26, died in that town, Febru- 
ary 22, 1900. 

Mr. Rollins was a son of Ichabod and Sally Rollins. His father died when he 
was nineteen years of age and the care of the homestead and family devolved 
upon him. In 1S54 he was elected town clerk, and since that time he has held all 
the offices in the gift of the town. He was selectman for twenty years, and very 
successfully cleared the town of its debt of $62,000. He has been moderator of 
town-meetings for twenty-eight years in succession ; was town treasurer seventeen 
years, and for twenty years treasurer of Alton Five Cent Savings bank. He was 
county commissioner three years, representative in the state legislature four years, 
and also served as state senator. 

'December 25, 1S51, he married Sarah E., daughter of Neherniah Kimball, 
and to them were born three sons and two daughters. Mrs. PvOllins died in 1S71, 
and he married, as his second wife, Parmelia A. Pendergast, January 14, 1872, by 
whom he is survived. 



i go NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

DEA. HENRY F. RUBLES. 

Henry F. Rublee, born in Plattsburg, N. Y., December 6, 1S26, died at Lake- 
port, February 2. 1900. 

When a young man he located in Manchester, but removed to Laconia in 1850, 
and in 1S52 established himself in the general blacksmithing business at Lake 
Village row Lakeport. or Ward Six of Laconia. Subsequently, with his son, Alson 
F., he did a large and lucrative business in the manufacture of carriages. 

Mr. Rublee was a public-spirited citi/en, strongly interested in the general wel- 
fare of the community and was honored with the esteem and confidence of the 
people, being elected to nearly all the offices which it was in the power of the citi- 
zens to bestow. He was selectman of the town of Gilford for several terms, was a 
member of the school board and represented the town in the legislature of 1885 
and 18S6. 

He was a devoted member of the Baptist church, having been a deacon since 
1S57, and had sung in the choir for forty-eight years. He is survived by a widow, 
a son, and a daughter. 



At the International Export exposition at Philadelphia prizes have just been 
awarded. Over twenty makes of typewriters competed for first prize, including all 
the leading makes controlled by the trust. The committee awarded the first prize 
to the Franklin typewriter, "for convenience, quality of work, and excellence of 
mechanical construction.*' 

The above clipping from a recent newspaper gives a good idea of the quality 
of goods put out by our advertisers ; and we give it this publicity because they 
deserve it and because the " Franklin " belongs to our family of advertisers. You 
make no mistake when you buy articles advertised in the Granite Monthly. 



Make the delights afforded by the Granite Monthly perpetual by having the 
numbers handsomely bound in cloth for only fifty cents per volume. 

A limited number of bound volumes, XYIII to XXVII, are offered for sale at 
$1.25 per volume. Prompt delivery, postpaid, guaranteed. 

The Granite Monthly Co., Concord, N. H. 



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Granite Aohtmi^l 



Vol. XXVIII. 



APRIL, 1900. 



No. 



STRAFFORD'S FIRST CITY— DOVER BY THE COCHECO. 

By Mary Olive Godfrey. 



EgS**SS 



fir mi 



HOUGH probably the first 
settled of New Hampshire 
I towns, Dover was the fifth in 
^*™*\ the state to assume the dig- 
nity and expense of a city govern- 
ment, having been incorporated un- 
der the same June 29, 1855. Its first 
settlement was made by Edward Hil- 
ton and his associates in the spring 
of 1623, only two years and a half 
after the landing of the Pilgrims at 
Plymouth. Rock, and this is claimed 
to have been the first permanent set- 
tlement within the present limits of 
the state, with no substantial ground 
for doubt of the accuracy of the 
claim. 

The Hilton settlement was upon 
what is known as the " Xeek," lying 
between the Xewichawannock and 
Bellamy rivers, some six miles up the 
Piscataqua. Capt. John Smith is 
said to have visited this region nine 
years earlier, in 1614, but did not 
seem moved to recommend it for set- 
tlement, probably on account of the 
comparative coolness of the climate, 
as he was afterwards attracted to 
Virginia. 



The settlement remained quite 
small for some years, but, in 1631, 
Capt. Thomas Wiggin was sent over 
from England by the owners of the 
"Dover and Swamscott patent," 
granted two years earlier, and which 
covered Xewington and a part of 
Stratham, as well as all the territory 
subsequently known as Dover, which 
latter at first included not only the 
present Dover, but also what are now 
Somersworth, Rollinsford, Durham, 
Madbury, and Lee. Captain Wiggin 
made due investigation, and returned 
to England the next year, and in the 
following season, 1633, came back 
with a company of about thirty set- 
tlers, who took up lots on the Neck, 
and proceeded to establish homes, 
provide for religious worship, and. 
engage in business activity, which, 
at first, was more in the line of fish- 
ing and lumbering than in the pur- 
suit of agriculture, although the sec- 
tion ultimately became and remains 
to-day, one of the most productive 
farming regions in the state. In- 
deed, the present Dover and the 
towns about it, originally within its 



94 



DO VER. 



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111 



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limits, cannot be surpassed in fruit The settlement flourished and in- 
and hay production by an equal ter- creased in population, till, in 1659, 
ritory anywhere in New Hampshire, thirty-six years after the landing of 

Hilton, it included 142 male 
taxpayers. Two years be- 
fore this a town schoolmas- 
ter had been elected, and 
ever afterward the interests 
of education were duly fos- 
tered and subserved. Lo- 
cated on the frontier this 
settlement was naturally 
subject to attack, and suf- 
fered to greater or less ex- 
tent all through the long 
period of hostility with the 
Indians, which began to be 
threatened as earl}' as 1667, 
and broke out in earnest in 
-^"^Ew,- 1675, continuing spastnocii- 

Strafford County Court-house. Cally for more tliail half a 







DOVER. 



195 




Strafford County Jail. 



century, during which time severe 
losses were borne, the most notable 
being the massacre on the 28th of 
June, 16S9, when Maj. Richard Wal- 
dron (or Walderne, as it was then 
spelled) and 22 others were killed 
and 29 carried into captivity, the gar- 
risons having been taken by surprise. 



Nevertheless, the settlement grew and 
prospered, till, in 1767, the entire 
original territory embraced 5,446 peo- 
ple, of whom 1,666 were within the 
limits of Dover proper— Newington, 
Somersworth, including Rollinsford, 
Durham including Dee, and Mad- 
bury having already been set off. 



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Central Avenue, looking South. 



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DO VER. 



197 



Industrious pursuit of fishing, lum- 
bering, ship-building and agriculture 
had been accompanied by fair meas- 
ure of growth and development, so 
that in 1S10 the population of the 
town reached 2,22s ; but it was not 
until the introduction of manufactur- 
ing, commencing with the organiza- 
tion of the old ' 
tor}- ' ' company 
by the Cocheco 
Manufacturing 
Company fifteen 
years later, that 
a realh' rapid 

r 



Dover Cotton Fac- 
in 1S12, followed 



\ 



which the legislature had granted, 
and then only by a bare majority, 
454 voters having recorded them- 
selves in the negative, on the propo- 
sition, to 498 in the affirmative. In 
March, 1S56, the first city govern- 
ment was duly organized, with An- 
drew Pierce as mayor. 

Since that time there has been no 
period of particularly rapid growth. 



3 



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fe. 



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Views on Central Avenue. 



growth ensued. In 1820, the pop- 
ulation was 2,S/0, and in 1850 it 
had reached 8,1 68. The Boston & 
Maine railror.d had been opened 
through the place nine years before, 
the Cocheco branch, to Alton, follow- 
ing a few years later, and when, in 
1855, lne city charter was granted, 
Dover ranked among the most flour- 
ishing New Kngland towns. It was 
September 1 of that year that the 
people voted to adopt the charter 



There have been times of depression 
and of expansion, but, on the whole, 
a general measure of prosperity has 
been enjoyed, and a steady increase 
of population was made up to the 
census of 1890, which showed 12,779 
inhabitants within the city limits. 

The Dover of to-day is a substan- 
tial, conservative New Kngland city 
of the third class, as our cities are 
generally rated, in whose history and 
traditions, as well as in whose present 



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■few 



DO\ r ER. 



99 



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Masonic Te.'riple. 



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status and conditions its 
inhabitants may proper- 
ly take pride. It ranks 
as the fourth in the state 
in point of population, 
and the fifth in assessed 
valuation. Its manufac- 
tories are extensive and 
varied, and the reputa- 
tion of their products 
world-wide. Its railway 
facilities, steam and elec- 
tric, are of a superior or- 
der, and, although its 
shipping is not what it 
was in the olden days, 
before the advent of the 
railroad, when as the 
head of tide water it 
was a prominent port 
of entry, though the commercial its shipping business is now by no 
emporium at the " Landing " has means inconsiderable, as the finan- 
largely given place to the buildings cial prosperity of the Dover Naviga- 
of the Cocheco Manufacturing Com- tion Company most effectively attests. 
pany and the homes of its employes, and the expenditure by the federal 



" 






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View on Si.*er Street. 



200 



DOVER. 



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I 












w 









a? 












I 



Children's Home. 



ble institutions arc, 
properly, a source 
of no little pride, 
and its fraternal or- 
gan izations are 
numerous, long-es- 
tablished, and par- 
ticularly flourishing 
as to membership. 
Its schools, public 
and private, have 
always been of the 
best, and its school 
buildings are com- 
modious and credit- 
able, while its pub- 
lic library, with its 

- - 25.000 volumes. 

government, in the not distant past, ranks among the best in the state. 
of $75,000 in removing obstructions In the walks of professional life 
in the Cocheco, would naturally lead Dover men have always been well at 
one to expect. Its remaining banks, the front. The names of Christie, 
— national and savings — are among Hale, Woodman, Wheeler, Hall, and 
the very strongest in the state, Hobbs have been conspicuous among 
though others in the midst, like the representatives of the bar in this 
many in all parts of the state, have state in the last sixty years, and, in 
succumbed to bad management and the annals of the medical profession, 
the stress of circumstances. Its those of Martin, Fenner, Wheeler, 
churches, stores, 
and business blocks 
compare favorably 
with those of any 
other city of its size. 
Its city hall and 
other public build- 
ings are superior to 
those of other cities 
of the same class, 
the former, indeed, 
being the finest and 
most imposing in 
the state, and un- 
surpassed in New 
England outside 

the very largest 

cities. Its charita- Wentworth Home 



£3. 








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DO VER. 



201 



Lathrop, Hill, Stackpole, Ham, and Guards," has been the most notable 

others have been equally well known, military organization in the state. 
In public and political life Dover has This company acted as an escort 

also played well her part. Two of to General Lafayette upon his visit 

her citizens have been governor of to Dover in 1824. May 5, 1864, it 






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Strafford Guards on the Way to the Front. 



the state, one a United States sena- 
tor, and four, at least, members of 
congress, while in the state legisla- 
ture the influence of Dover has al- 
ways been materially felt. Moreover. 
in all the wars of the nation, from 
the early encounters with the abo- 
rigines down to the recent war with 
Spain, the sons of Dover have proven 
their courage and devotion in ample 
measure. More than Soo Dover men 
served in the War of the Rebellion, 
and some of the most brilliant names 
on the death roll from this state in 
that great struggle are those of 
Dover's slaughtered sons. For a 
period of nearly eighty years., in- 
deed from its organization in 1S22, 
a Dover company, the " Strafford 



was mustered into the service of the 
United States for garrison duty at 
Fort Constitution, remaining in the 
service till July 28. On the break- 
ing out of the war with Spain, this 
company, as an organization, also 
was mustered into the government 
service, leaving Dover for the camp 
at Concord May 7, 1898, with eighty- 
two officers and men, and leaving 
that city for Chickamauga Park, 
May 17. 

THE CHURCHES. 

The First Congregational church 
of Dover, familiarly known as the 
"First Parish church," is the oldest 
in the state, which has continuously 
maintained religious services from its 



202 



DO I r ER. 



establishment, and its history and 
growth is intimately interwoven with 
that of the town itself. The first 
preacher in the settlement was Rev. 
William Leverieh, "an able and 
worthy Puritan minister," who came 
over in the company brought by 
Captain Wiggin in 163^. It was 
durine his ministrv of two vears thai 






i 3 gs t> • 






First Congregational Church. 

the firtt meeting-house was built, but 
it was not until December, 1638, that 
the church was organized, under the 
ministry of Rev. Hanserd Knollys. 
Mr. Leverieh had remained but two 
years, being compelled to leave for 
want of support, and had been suc- 
ceeded two years later by Rev. 
George Burdett, who soon proved to 
be profligate and unscrupulous, and 
soon after fled the settlement, Mr. 
Knollys, "a good and pious man," 



succeeding him. The first meeting- 
house was built near the Beck cove, 
on the western slope of the Neck. A 
generation later a new house of wor- 
ship was erected, and this was fol- 
lowed by a third, on Pine Hill, with- 
in the present limits of the cemetery. 
In J75S, a new church was built, still 
further north, on the site of the pres- 
ent edifice, which re- 
mained, and which 
was occupied for more 
than seventy years, 
when it was sold by 
vote of the parish, re- 
moved, and the pres- 
ent house erected in 
its place, the same 
having been dedicated 
December 31, 1829. 
This house remained 
as built for nearly half 
a century, but was re- 
modeled and improved 
at an expense of $23,- 
000 in 1S78, being re- 
dedicated on Thanks- 
giving evening of that 
J> . .:..*'- M vear, November 28. 
- : I , j| 1 en years later, a 
large and convenient 

' chapel, connecting 

with the church in 
the rear, was built at 
a cost of $13,000. 

The influence for good of this First 
Parish church, as a religious organi- 
zation, and as a moral force in the 
town and city and the surrounding 
communities, cannot be estimated, 
much less set down in words ; but it 
will never fail to be valued as a price- 
less heritage by all its children and 
their descendants for generations to 
come. 

This church has numbered among 



DO \ ER. 



20 - 



its pastors many strong and able 
men, the most noted of all, perhaps, 
being Rev. Jeremy -Belknap, D. D., 
who was conspicuous in Revolution- 
ary days for his patriotic devotion to 
the cause of liberty, and who was 
subsequently no less noted as a his- 
torian. In more recent times, dur- 
ing a ministry of many years imme- 
diately preceding that of the present 
esteemed pastor, Rev. George B. 
Spalding, D. D., now of Syracuse, 
N. Y., gained distinction for himself 
and fully maintained the reputation 
and influence of the First Parish 
church and its pulpit. 

The present pastor, Rev. George K. 
Hall, I). D., was installed January 2, 
1SS4. Dr. Hall is the twenty-third 
on the pastorate roll of this church. 
He is a native of Jamaica, West In- 
dies, a son of Rev. Henian B. and 
Sophronia (Brooks) Hall, born Feb- 
ruary 23, 185 1. He graduated from 
Oberlin college in 1872, and from 
Yale Divinity school in 1875, being 
ordained as pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in Littleton, Mass., 
September 2, of that year. In 1877 
he accepted a call to the church in 
Vergennes, Yt., where he remained 
till his resignation, in October, 1883, 
to accept the call to Dover, where his 
pastorate has been thus far one of 
the most successful in the history of 
the church. Dr. Hall has been sev- 
eral times a member of the national 
council of the Congregational church, 
is a trustee and member of the execu- 
tive committee of the New Hamp- 
shire Missionary Society, and a mem- 
ber of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for foreign missions. He 
has been for several years chaplain of 
the First Regiment, New Hampshire 
National Guard, «m4 3 member of 






i^iSfc 



Rev. George E. Hall, D. 0. 

the Dover School board. He holds 
membership in the Winthrop club 
and Monday club of Boston. In 
1S93, the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Divinity was conferred upon him 
by Dartmouth college. He married 
first, Alice M., daughter of the late 
James Monroe Peabody of Lowell, 
Mass., who died April 6, 1883, leav- 
ing two children, and second, Eliza- 
beth Kneeland, daughter of the late 
William McFarland of Salem. 

The first religious services in town, 
outside those of the F'irst church, 
were held by Quakers or " Friends," 
the first appearance of any of whom 
was noted in 1682, when, according 
to the records, three traveling sisters 
of that persuasion were whipped out 
of town b} r order of Major Waldron. 
These people subsequently became 
quite numerous here, and, according 
to Dr. Belknap, at one time num- 
bered a third of the entire popula- 
tion. Their first meeting-house was 
built prior to 1700, and the first 



204 



DOVER. 

estab 



monthly meeting, regularly 
lished, was "set up" in 1702. The 
first meeting-bouse, which was on 
the " Neck," stood until about 1770, 
when another, the present structure, 
was built. 

The next church established was 
the Methodist Episcopal. The first 



182 




Methodist Ep scopai Church. 

Methodist meeting in Dover was 
held at what w T as then known as 
"Upper Factory" two miles up the 
river from the present city proper, 
where the first manufacturing estab- 
lishment had been located, and quite 
a settlement built up. Here meet- 
ings" were held for a time and a 
"class" and Sunday-school, organ- 
ized by Rev. John Lprd, then travel- 
ing on the Rochester circuit. In 



Dover was made a separate cir- 
cuit, and in 1824, during the second 
year of the service of Rev. Jotham 
Horton, steps were taken for the erec- 
tion of a church in what was then 
Cocheco Village, where the pres- 
ent St. John's Methodist Episcopal 
church stands, which building was 
enlarged four years lat- 
er, in 1S2S. 

The Methodist socie- 
ty in Dover has always 
been in a prosperous 
condition, and in 1876- 
completed the present 
elegant and substantial 
church edifice at a cost 
of $37,500 for building 
and furnishings, exclu- 
sive of the lot. Many 
of the ablest preachers- 
in the conference have 
been located here. The 
present pastor is Rev. 
D. C. Babcock, D. D., 
who succeeded Rev. 
Joseph E- Robins, I). D. r 
chaplain of the last 
state legislature, who, 
as presiding elder of 
the Dover district, re- 
tains his residence in 
town. Dr. Babcock is 
a native of Blandford, 
Mass., and was edu- 
cated at the Providence Conference 
seminary at East Greenwich, R. I., 
at the Vermont Conference semi- 
nary at Newbury, Vt., and at the 
Methodist Theological school, now 
connected with Boston University, 
but then located at Concord, from 
which he graduated in 1864. His 
degree of D. D. was conferred by 
the American Temperance univer- 
sity in 1896. He joined the New 



DO VER. 



20 : 



Hampshire conference in 1S61, and 
was appointed to the Dover pastor- 
ate in 1897, where he has since re- 
mained. 

The Catholics began to multiply in 
Dover soon after manufacturing was 
established, and mass was first said 
as earl}- as the winter of 1826, the old 
court-house being occupied for the 



ii 




Universalist Church. 

service. The first Catholic church 
was commenced in 1S2S, and conse- 
crated September 26, 1830, Rev. 
Father French being the first regular 
pastor, and remaining two years 
after the completion of the church. 
In 1872 the present large and com- 
modious edifice, known as St. Mary's 
church, on Fourth street, was com- 
pleted. Since 1S81, Rev. Daniel \V. 
Murphy, a native of I/iscarroll, Ire., 
born November 24, 1838, has been 



the pastor, having previously been 
stationed in Portland, Houlton, and 
Augusta, Me., and in Portsmouth 
and Keene in this state. During his 
pastorate here the Sacred Heart con- 
vent and girls' school connected, oc- 
cupying the old New Hampshire 
House property, have been estab- 
lished, also an orphanage, and the 
St. Joseph school for 

,v ; .^ b °ys- 

For some years pre- 
vious to 1 S3 7 U ni- 
versalism had been 
preached in Dover, 
and in that year a 
church of that denom- 
j ination was organized, 
: *■' services being held in 
a hall. The year fol- 
lowing a house of wor- 
ship was built on 
Third street, and the 
same enlarged in 1S47. 
About 1S70 the inter- 
est waned and services 
, were suspended. Sub- 
sequently the church 
building was sold and 
[ utilized for business 
purposes. About 1875 

— -*l there was a renewal of 

interest in this denom- 
ination, and regular 
worship was resumed in a hall, contin- 
uing until the erection of the present 
fine brick structure on Central ave- 
nue, known as the Pierce Memorial 
church, the same having been erected 
with funds, amounting to over $25,000, 
donated by the late Col. Thomas W. 
Pierce, in memory of his father and 
mother, the former being Andrew 
Pierce, the first mayor of Dover. 
The present pastor of this church, 
Rev. Ezra A. Hoyt, is a native of 



206 



DOVER. 



Hanover, Me., born October 31, 
1S55. He was educated at Hebron 
academy and Westbrook seminars*, 
Maine, and at Tufts Divinity school, 
graduating from the latter in 1SS2. 
His pastorate here dates from 1891, 
and has been most successful. 

The Calvinist Baptist church now 
known as the Central Avenue Bap- 
tist church, was constituted with 
thirteen members, April 23, 1S2S. 
Rev. Duncan Dunbar was the first 
minister, and the first services were 
held in the hall of a building at- 
tached to the block now standing on 
Second street, and familiarly known 
as the "Old Boarding House," then 
standing on the spot now occupied 




Central Avenue Baptist Church. 



by Morrill block. A year later Rev. 
Elijah Foster was settled as pastor, 
and in October, 1829, the present 
church edifice was dedicated. Dur- 



ing the various successive pastorates 
of good and true men ministering to 
this people, between nine and ten hun- 
dred persons have been received into 
fellowship in this church, which has 
at present some two hundred and fifty 
members. Rev. W. H. S. Hascall is 
the present pastor. He is a native of 
Rutland count}', Yt., but spent his 
early life in Maine, where he learned 
the printing business, and subse- 
quently went to Rangoon, India, in 
the employ of the American Baptist 
Missionary Union. He spent several 
years there largely engaged in the 
supervision of missionary work. Re- 
turning to the United States, he held 
a pastorate of about six years in Fall 
River, Mass., and was 
called to Dover in Oc- 
tober, 1896. 

The Free Baptist 
denomination practi- 
cally had its birth in 
Strafford county, Eld- 
er Randall, its found- 
er, being a native of 
New Durham, and for 
a long time Dover was 
headquarters for this 
church in America, 
the publishing house 
of the denomination 
being located here. 
The first meetings 
were held here in 
1824, and the first 
church organized Sep- 
tember 15, 1826, its 
house of worship, at 
the corner of Chester 
and Lincoln streets, 
being dedicated in 1S32. Subse- 
quently a division occurred and a 
new society was formed (the old one 
continuing services in a new church 



DO I ER 



207 



of Sharon, Yt., born March 21, 1857. 
He was educated at Bates college 
and the Cobb Divinity school at Lew- 
iston, Me., graduating from the lat- 









k^fe 



• 



■ 



building on Charles street), which 
was organized February 4, 1840, 

worshipped for some months in a 
room at what is now 246 Central 
avenue, then at the 
Belknap sehoolhouse, 
and subsequently at 
the court-house. In 
the meantime a place 
of worship was being 
prepared in a build- 
ing erected for the of- 
fice of the Morning 
Star and other de- 
nominational publi- 
cation purposes on 
Washington street, 
which was completed 
in September, 1S43, 
when the church, 
which then had a 
membership of about 
one hundred and fifty 
changed its name to 
Washington Street 
church. In the course 
of time the printing 
business, having 
greatly increased, re- 
quired the entire building, which had ter in 1887. He held two or three 
already been enlarged for its own brief pastorates in Maine before his 
uses, and a fine new brick church settlement hi Dover, which dates 
edifice was erected on the same street from May 1, 1892, and has been thus 
for the use of the church, at a cost of far eminently successful. 
$24,000, the same being dedicated St. Thomas Episcopal church may 
October 28, 1869. This new church not like "Old St. John's" in Ports- 
was destroyed by fire May 2, 1882, mouth, with "the first organ that 
but the society bravely entered upon ever pealed to the glory of God in 
the work of replacing it with another, this country," stand foremost his- 
which was completed within a year, torically in the New Hampshire 
the debt incurred being finally 
cleared off in 1S96. This church is 
now in a flourishing condition, with 
about one hundred and seventy- 
five resident members, under the pas- 
torate of Rev. R. K. Gilkey, a native cember 12, 1S47, Thomas G. Salter be- 

xxTiii— 15 



• 



Washington Street Baptist' Church. 



diocese, yet, it was in 1S39, that its 
first rector, Rev. William Horton, was 
welcomed. In 1841, a church build- 
ing was erected, costing $3,800. In 
1847 Rev. Mr. Horton resigned ;' De- 



20S 



DO VER. 




I: J - 



a J 



m 



St. Thomas Episcopa' Church. 



came rector, resigning his rectorship 
July, 1S61. September i, 1861, Rev. 
Edward M. Gushee became the rector, 
resigning in April, 1864. December, 
1S64. Rev. John W. Clark became the 
rector, but resigned September 16, 
1866. In February following, Rev. 
George G. Field was chosen rector, 
resigning August 16, 1868. Novem- 
ber 8, 1868, John B. Richmond be- 
came rector, resigning April 29, 1876. 
November 5, 1876, Rev. Ithamar W. 
Beard became rector. During his 
rectorship, in 1S92, a beautiful new 
stone church was built. He re- 
signed January, 1899, and was suc- 
ceeded by the present rector, Rev. 
John G. Robinson, who entered upon 
his duties April 9, 1899. He was 
born in England. At the age of 
seventeen he came to Minnesota. 
The first two years of his college 
course were taken in Minnesota, in 



tbe university, the last two 
in Hobart college, Geneva, 
N. Y., where he received the 
arts degree in 1S91. After 
a three years' course in the 
Cambridge Episcopal Theo- 
logical school, which yielded 
a B. D., he went as chaplain 
for a summer cruise on the 
Massachusetts training ship, 
Ente)prise. After two terms 
of post-graduate work in 
Harvard university he en- 
tered on city mission work 
in Grace church, Boston, 
-, -j where he remained until he 
accepted the call from St. 
Thomas church. 

A Unitarian society was 
organized in Dover in the 
autumn of 1827, and a fine 
brick church edifice erected 
the following year on Locust 
street, which still remains. The so- 
ciety has been strong at times, and 
has been ministered to by preachers 
of ability, the first settled being Rev. 
Samuel R. Eothrop, who was or- 
dained pastor February 17, 1829, but 
it has been for some time past with- 
out a pastor or regular services. 

An Advent Christian church was 
organized here in 1S81, though there 
had been meetings held in houses 
and halls under Advent auspices for 
nearly forty years previous. In 18S2, 
a neat little church edifice was com- 
pleted, at a coat of $5,000, the same 
having been dedicated on April 16 
of that year. 

The French Catholics also have a 
church, their parish known as St. 
Charles, having been organized in 
1S93, and their church edifice, at the 
corner of Third and Grove streets, 
completed in 1896, at a total cost for 



DO VER. 



209 



building and furnish- 
ings of . about 5i2,ooo. 
Rev. Julian J. Richard 
has been pastor from 
the start. 

EDUCATIONAL. 

From the early years 
of the settlement the 
people of Dover have 
looked well after the 
interests of education. 
A high school was es- 
tablished in the cen- 
tral district in iS5f, 
and in 1S70, when all 
the twelve districts of 
the city were united 
in one, under the town 
system, its privileges 
became free to all. 
Prior to this the old 
Franklin academy, es- 
tablished in 1S1S, fur- 



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Old Franklin Acadciry. 



Unitarian Church. 

nished instruction in the high- 
er branches to such as desired, 
and w r as largely patronized for 
many years, and even after the 
opening of the high school, 
maintaining a good standing 
among the institutions of its 
class throughout the state. 

The public schools are in 
charge of a committee of fif- 
teen members, of whom ten 
are chosen by the people, one 
each year for a term of two 
years in each of the five wards 
of the city, and the other five 
appointed by the city councils. 
The present chairman of the 
board is Rev. George K. Hall, 
D. D., James H. Southwick, 
secretary, and W. K. Chad- 
wick, treasurer. There are at 
present 190 scholars in the 



2IO 



DO I '£A\ 



high school, 467 in the four grammar 
schools, 960 in the four primaries, 85 
in four ungraded schools in the out- 
lying districts, and 55 evening school 
pupils, making a total of 1,755 pupils 
in attendance upon the public schools, 
aside from the several hundred attend- 
ing the Catholic parochial schools. 
There aie thirteen buildings in all, 
occupied for public school purposes, 
and forty-two teachers employed, in- 
cluding one special teacher in music 
and one in drawing. 

The present superintendent of the 
Dover schools, succeeding Hon. 
Chatming Polsom, who held the 
office for many years, upon the ap- 
pointment of the latter as state sup- 
erintendent of public instruction, is 
Frank H. Pease. Mr. Pease is a 
native of Hast Boston, Mass. He 
was educated at the Nichols Latin 
school in Lewiston, Me, and at Tufts 
college, graduating from the latter in 
1883. He was engaged in teaching 






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Ffcnk H. Peas 



High School Building. 



for fifteen years before entering upon 
the duties of the position he now 
holds, the last twelve years having 
been spent as principal of the Saw- 
yer grammar school in Dover, in 
which position, as in the present, he 
was eminently successful. Mr. Pease 
is a member of the Zeta Psi frater- 
nity at Tufts college, and is 
active in the "Masonic order, 
being a member of Strafford 
Lodge, Belknap Chapter, Or- 
phan Council, and St. Paul 
Commandery of Dover. He is 
unmarried, a Republican in 
politics, and an excellent musi- 
cian and vocalist. 

In these pushing times, in 
our earnest American life, ed- 
ucation is essential to success, 
and the business man particu- 
larly requires special training 
if he would make his way to 
the front in any line. The 
Dover Business college, found- 
ed in October, 1S96, by Bliss 
Bros., of Conusant, Out., fur- 
nishes the training and prepa- 
ration that fit young men and 



i'M 



DO VRR. 



21 I 



women to achieve success which 
would otherwise be long deferred if 
not actually unattainable. The col- 
lege has earned a reputation for effi- 
ciency in helping young people on 
the road to success. It puts them 
in possession oi a practical business 
education : it assists its graduates to 
responsible and lucrative positions ; 
its course of study and training and 
the association with its capable teach- 
ers and energetic business stu- 
dents give an incentive to effort 
and an impulse to ambition. 

Thomas M. Henderson was 
made principal of the institution 
at the start, and in July of the 
following year secured the pro- 
prietorship, and has since con- 
tinued in full control. The class- 
rooms are located in the Odd 
Fellows' block and consist of 
five spacious rooms excellently 
equipped for business purposes, 
the main class-room measuring 40 
by 60 feet. The students have 
the advantage of working in a 
well-appointed business office, 
which also contains a First 
National bank, thus mak- 
ing them thoroughly conversant 
with every detail of business 
life. The prescribed courses of 
study are classed as commercial, 
shorthand, and practical English. 
The commercial course is designed 
to furnish a thorough preparation 
for a successful business career. In 
the shorthand classes the Dement- 
Pitman system is used, being the 
very latest development of the world- 
famed Pitman method. The depart- 
ment of business practice and the 
counting-room department are the 
crowning features of the college — 
those which have contributed to its 



reputation for thoroughness and effi- 
ciency. The pupil here becomes in 
all essentials a practical business 
man. 

Mr. Henderson was born in Pick- 
erings, Ont., Canada, in 1861, receiv- 
ing his earjy education at the Whitby 
High school. He subsequently took 
a course at Pickering college and 
obtained a professional teacher's cer- 
tificate from the Toronto Normal 



«?a 



\ / 



V 



Thomas M. Henderson, 



school. He afterwards graduated 
from the Central Business college, 
Toronto. His teaching experience 
extends over a period of fourteen 
years in both public schools and 
business college work. Mr. Hender- 
son is well-grounded in and thor- 
oughly familiar with every particu- 
lar of business as practised in the 
best commercial offices, and the 
success the college has attained 
under his skilful and capable man- 
agement is as pleasing as it is pro- 
nounced. 



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DO VER. 



213 



MAN (JFACTURING . 

Coclieco prints have been known 
for years the world over, and their 
reputation is unsurpassed. They are 
the principal product of the Coclieco 
Manufacturing Company of Dover, 
whose plant, located at the lower 
falls of the Coclieco river, which 
stream divides the compact part of 
the city, nearly mid- 
way, is one of the 
most extensive in 
the country. 

The Dover Cotton 
Factory was incor- 
porated December 
15, 1 8 1 2, with a 



I H A 



No. 2 mill was built in 1S22, but 
this building ceased to be called No. 
2 when the new No. 2 (first section), 
on the north: side of the river, was 
opened for work in 1SS1. The old 
No. 3 was occupied iu 1823, and was 
superseded by the new No. 2 (sec- 
ond section), which began work in 
1SS2. No. 4 was opened in 1S25, 
and No. 5 in its present form, which 
replaced the old 
printery in 1S50. 
On March 28, 1S77, 
it was voted to 
build No. 1 mill 
and increase the 
capital stock to 
S 1,500,000. The 



?--;-- -*•,- -- 



; r ;>i. y' 1 ' ' " ■"" ^- : ' 



Sorre Views of the Falls of the Cochaco Manufacturing Company. 



capital of $50,000, which built in 
18 15 the No. 1 factory at Upper Fac- 
toi'3' Village ; it was a wooden struc- 
ture and has long since disappeared. 
The company had its capital enlarged 
June 2i, 1821, to $500,000, about the 
time when it bought up the titles of 
the Lower Falls. The capital was 
enlarged June 17, 1823, to Si, 000,000, 
and the name changed to the Dover 
Manufacturing Company, but it was 
not successful, and a new company, 
the present Coclieco Manufacturing 
Company, was incorporated June 27, 
1827, with a capital of $1,000,000, 
which purchased of the old company 
all their works and property. 



new No. 1, standing on the south 
side of Washington street, was fin- 
ished in 1S78. 

The manufacture of cloth began 
under the care of John Williams, the 
first agent. He was the founder of 
this industry here, and thus of 
Dover's prosperit3 r . It was his in- 
defatigable activity which turned 
capital to these falls. Moses Paul 
was clerk when the works came to 
the lower falls ; John Chase, its first 
general mechanical superintendent ; 
Andrew Steele, its first master me- 
chanic ; Samuel Dunster, the build- 
er of the first practical machinery' of 
the calico printery. 



214 



DO J r £h\ 



.-.. . ■ ■ 






Portion of Upper Yard— Cocheco Mfg. Co. 



John Williams was succeeded by 
James F. Curtis, who remained until 
1S34, when Moses Paul became 
agent. He was succeeded August 
1, 1S60, by Zimri S. Wallingford, 
who had been superintendent from 
1849, au d over the mechanical de- 
partment for five years previous. 
Mr. Wallingford was succeeded by 
John Holland, the present agent, 
diaries H. Fish, being appointed 
September 1, 1S95. 

The first printing of calico in these 
works was executed under the sup- 
erintendence of Dr. A. L. Porter, 
who was succeeded, before 1830, by 
John Duxbury, a thoroughly experi- 
enced English printer. His succes- 
sors have been George Mathewson, 
John Bracewell, Washington Ander- 
ton, James Crossley, and the present 
superintendent, Howard Gray. The 



original printery was in the present 
No. 5 mill and other buildings near, 
but now removed. 

It is but justice to say that to the 
intelligent, progressive, and yet firm 
and conservative management of this 
corporation, in building up for itself 
a business among the first in its line 
in the country, the city of Dover has 
been, and still is, largely indebted 
for its prosperity. 

Some idea of the extent of the 
business of this establishment may 
be gained from the fact that it occu- 
pies an area of twenty-five acres of 
laud, while the actual floor space in 
its buildings devoted exclusively to 
manufacturing equals thirty acres. 
The company operates about 130,000 
spindles, 2,800 looms, and gives em- 
ployment to nearly 2,000 operatives, 
manufacturing; various kinds of. cloths. 



DO VER. 



215 



- 



t 



: 



- 1-:. 






Bird : s-e, 



of S. 



which are printed in the extensive 
print works, which contain sixteen 
print machines, with bleachery and 
finishing mills, with a capacity, alto- 
gether, for the production of 65,000,- 
000 yards of finished cloth per an- 
num. The production includes all 
the leading printed fabrics called for 
by the trade, including the finest 
grades of lawns, organdies, etc., 
which take the place of fine imported 
fabrics. 

The power for these mills is about 
one half furnished by the Cocheco 
river, the remainder being obtained 
from steam, in the production of 
which some 20,000 tons of coal per 
annum is used in forty-five boilers. 
The mills have been constructed with 
due attention to the matters of light 
and ventilation, and all possible care 
has been taken for the health and 
safety of the operatives. 

The present officers of this com- 
pany are : President, T. Jefferson 



Coolidge, Boston ; treasurer, Arthur 
B. Silsbee, Boston ; selling agents, 
Lawrence & Co., Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia, and Chicago ; resi- 
dent agent, Charles H. Fish; super- 
intendent of cotton mills, George 
A. Hurd ; superintendent of print 
works, Howard Gray. 

''Sawyer Woolens" have been 
noted for their excellence throughout 
the country for more than half a cen- 
tury, and, next to the Cocheco prints, 
have established the reputation of 
Dover as a manufacturing city. The 
inception of the movement which de- 
veloped into the establishment of 
this great industry dates back to 
1S24, when Alfred I. Sawyer came 
from Marlborough, Mass., and es- 
tablished the business from which 
the present large concern has sprung. 
At that time the Great Falls Manu- 
facturing Company owned all of the 
water powers in the Bellamy Bank 
river and had also secured land cov- 



216 



DOVER. 



- 



Office ar.d Main Mill— Sawyer Wooien MiMs. 



ering the outlet of Chesley's pond, 
Barrington, upon which now stands 
the reservoir dam. In 1S45 Mr. 
Sawyer bought of the Great Falls 
Manufacturing Company all their 
rights in the property, and continued 
the business without interruption un- 



til his death in 1849. The business 
then passed to his brother, Zenas 
Sawyer. 1849-' 50; Z. and J. Saw- 
yer, 1 8 50-' 5 2 ; F. A. and J. Sawyer 
(Francis A. Sawyer of Boston, and 
Jonathan Sawyer of Dover), 1.85-2— '73, 
when Charles H. Sawyer was admit- 



1 



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: 1 












.. '. I .. . . ........ 



- 



Lower Miils — Sawyer Wool 



DO VER. 



217 






ted, and the concern incorporated as 
the Sawyer Woolen Mills, with a 
capital of >6oo,ooo. Flannels were 
exclusively made until 1S62, when 
the machinery was gradually 
•changed until 1S66, after which at- 
tention was entirely devoted to the 
manufacture of fine fancy cassimeres, 
•cloths, and suitings in the produc- 
tion of which the mills have earned a 
reputation for quality and durability 



and is navigable for coal barges and 
fair-sized schooners. The Portsmouth 
& Dover branch of the Boston & 
Maine railroad has a station at the 
mills, the freight of which can be dis- 
charged directly into the warehouses. 
Tlit equipment of the mills is mod- 
ern and first-class throughout, and it 
is what is called a thirty-nine set 
mill, operating 150 broad looms. The 
output of the mills is celebrated for 



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Rear View of Mill — Sawyer Woolen Mills. 






of goods which is unsurpassed by 
any similar concern. In 1891 ma- 
chinery for the manufacture of worst- 
ed yarn was added. 

The mills are located on the Bel- 
lamy river, the water power of the 
three lower falls of which is con- 
trolled and utilized by the company, 
as is also the reservoir at Barrington, 
which was built in 1863- '64, and en- 
larged in 1SS1, with a capacity of 
about four hundred and fifty acres. 
Tide water reaches to the lower mill 



uniformity of texture and elegance of 
finish, commanding the highest price 
in the tailoring and clothing trade 
markets throughout the country. 
The officers of the company have 
always been thoroughly conversant 
with every detail of the woolen busi- 
ness, and energetic and wide-awake 
in advancing the interests of the 
company. 

This enterprise has made of Saw- 
yers—named for the mills — a neat 
and prosperous village, the prosperity 



BS VER, 



of the company also meaning the 
prosperity of the community. On an 
average 600 hands are employed, con- 
sisting of an unusually high class of 
operatives. 

An average of $20,000 a month is 
paid out in wages to its employees. 
This means many comfortable homes 
and happy families. Adjoining the 
mills and tastefully laid out on 
graded streets have been erected fifty 
substantially built and comfortable 
cottages for the families of employees. 



placed by additional woolen ma- 
chinery. The officers of the Ameri- 
can Woolen Company are Frederick 
Aver of Lowell, president ; William 
M. Wood of Boston, treasurer; and 
Edvvard P. Chapin of Boston, general 
agent. Charles F. Sawyer is the 
resident agent, and. Frank H. Car- 
penter superintendent of these mills. 
In factories all over the world 
millions of wheels sre whirling, pro- 
ducing many millions of dollars' 
worth of manufactured goods, and a 



m 



■ 



Pick House and Boiler Room — Sawyer Woolen M;hs — Stock Hous 



These tenements have good sanita- 
ry arrangements, and are kept in 
excellent repair. The company has 
always done all in its power to make 
the employees' lives comfortable and 
happy, and has been the prime fac- 
tor in building up the growing and 
healthy village which bears its name. 
In May, 1S99, this establishment 
was sold to the American Woolen 
Company, a combination now having 
control of twenty-eight woolen mills. 
The worsted machinery has been 
transferred to another mill and re- 



fair proportion of the power is trans- 
mitted by belting made by I. B. 
Williams & Sons of Dover. 

In 1842 Isaac B. Williams laid the 
foundation of the firm by making the 
belting for the Cocheco Manufactur- 
ing Corporation, his work-shop being 
located in the Cocheco Mill. In 
those days, factories were not so 
many, and the demands for belting 
were small but a modest little busi- 
ness was built up. 

In 187 1 I'rank B. Williams was 
admitted to the firm and with his 



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220 



DOVER. 



connection with the concern a fresh 
impetus was given to the business. 

In three years, more room was 
needed and a site was purchased on 
Orchard street, and the nucleus 
of the coming factory established. 
George H. Williams became a mem- 
ber of the firm ill 187S, and the 
present firm name came into being. 

The combination of a most ex- 
cellent reputation for making high 
grade belting with unlimited hustling 
for business sent the firm's sales up 
and up, each year showing a large 
increase, one or two years almost 
doubling. 

Eighteen hundred and eighty-two 
witnessed another increase in the 
plant ; a large four story addition 
with tower for stairways and eleva- 
tors. In 1S92 a four-story building 
was erected, and in 1896 a large two- 
story Iy and separate boiler house 
were added. Business increased as 
rapidly as the additions, and at the 
present date is crowding the capacity 
of the plant. With factory and trade 
growth came improved methods for 
the making of belting, improvements 
suggested by constant striving to per- 
fect the product, and as a result the 
mechanical equipment is replete with 
modern machinery, much of it having 
been built expressly to meet the re- 
quirements of certain processes con- 
sidered necessary to the production 
of highest grade of belting on the 
market. 

Since 18S4 this plant has never 
run for a single day on short time. 
It is an interesting fact that during 
the four years of trade depression, 
1892-1896, the firm of I. B. Williams 
& Sons worked full time and trade 
actually showed large increases each 
year during that period. 



In 1SS4 the manufacture of tanned 
and rawhide lace was commenced. 
It took but a short time to prove the 
superiority of this product, and the 
present output is now several times 
that of any other concern. " As good 
as Cocheco " is a frequently used ar- 
gument by competition. The output 
of the plant consists of three brands- 
of lace leather, three kinds of round 
belting, ten brands of flat belting, 
Goodyear welting, whole finished 
oak-tanned shoulders, hundreds of 
varieties of straps and hundreds of 
tons of leather scrap. 

The product is distributed direct 
from the factory, from its Chicago 
branch at 17 West Lake street, and 
through agencies in all the important 
cities of the union. A foreign trade 
with Europe, Australia, China, and 
Japan is also handled. A large 
stock constantly kept on hand admits 
of prompt shipments. Xo order is 
too small to receive careful attention ; 
none so large but what it can be 
filled quickly. Interesting literature 
descriptive of their various products 
will be mailed on application to the 
home office, No. 29 Orchard street, 
Dover, N. H. 

BUSINESS AND PERSONAL SKETCHES. 

Charles A. Fairbanks, M. D., pres- 
ent mayor of Dover, is a native of 
Portsmouth, born December 17, 1849. 
He was educated at Dartmouth, 
graduating from the Scientific de- 
partment in 1871, and from Harvard 
Medical school in 1877. He imme- 
diately located in Dover in the prac- 
tice of his profession, where he has 
since resided. He was appointed 
county physician in 1S7S, serving 
till 1 88 1, and was city physician 
from 1881 till 1897. Politically he 



DOVER. 






■ 



i — 



Charles A. Fairbanks 



is a Republican, and is now ser\ 
his third term as mayor 
of the city. He has been 
a member of the school 
committee several 
years, and is still serv- 
ing in that capacity. 
He was also for many 
years a member of the 
board of water com- 
missioners. He is a 
member of the Xew 
Hampshire Medical 
Society, and of the 
Strafford Medical So- 
ciety, and was presi- 
dent of the latter in 
iSSq-'qo. Dr. Fair- 
banks is a Mason, Odd 
Fellow, Red Man, and 
Patron of Husbandry. 
October 21, 1S84, he 
married Miss Emma 
Belle Caswell, of Do- 
ver, who died May 28, 
1888. 

xsviii— 16 



Foremost among Dover's leading 
citizens is Hon. Charles H. Sawyer, 
son of the late Jonathan Sawyer, 
born iu Watertown, X. Y., March 50, 
1S40. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of the city and Franklin 
academy, and has been prominently 
connected with the industrial life of 
the city, in the woolen manufactur- 
ing business, for forty years. Politi- 
cally, he has always been an earnest 
Republican. He has served in the 
city government both as a member 
of the common council and as alder- 
man, atid was a representative in the 
state legislature in 1S69, 1S70, 1S76, 
and 1S77. He served on the military 
staff of Gov. Charles H. Bell, with 
the rank of colonel. He was a dele- 
gate at large in the Republican Na- 
tional convention at Chicago in 1SS4, 




Hon. Char'es H. Sav.y* 



222 



DOVER. 



was governor of the state from 1887 
to 1SS9, and represented New Hamp- 
shire at the Paris exposition of 1S89. 
He has been prominent and active in 
the Masonic fraternity", being a inctn- 




Cot. Daniel Hall. 

ber of Strafford Lodge, Belknap 
Chapter, Orphan Council, and St. 
Paul Commander\% and serving as 
master of the lodge and eminent com- 
mander of the commandery. Dart- 
mouth college has conferred upon 
Governor Sawyer the honorary de- 
gree of Master of Arts. He is an 
attendant of the First Congregational 
church. He married, February 8, 
1865, Susan Ellen, daughter of Dr. 
James W. and Elizabeth (Hodgdon) 
Cowan, who died April 20, 1899. 



Their children are William Davis, 
Charles Francis, James Cowan, Ed- 
ward, and Elizabeth Sawyer. 

No citizen of Dover is better known 
throughout Xew England than Col. 
Daniel Hall, a native 
of Barrington, born 
February 28, 1 S3 2. 
Colonel Hall gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth iu 
the class of 1S54. In 
the fall of that year 
he was appointed a 
clerk in the New York 
custom house, serving 
till March, 1S5S. Re- 
turning home he pur- 
sued the study of law, 
already commenced, 
in the office of the 
late Daniel M. Chris- 
tie, and was admitted 
to the bar in May, 
i860. Soon after the 
outbreak of the War 
of the Rebellion he 
was appointed clerk of 
the senate committee 
on naval affairs at 
Washington, and in 
March following was 
commissioned aide-de- 
camp and captain in 
the regular army, serving on the 
staff of General John C Fremont, 
and afterward on that of General 
A. W. Whipple and General O. O. 
Howard. In June, 1S64, he was 
appointed provost marshal of the 
First New Hampshire district, and 
remained stationed at Portsmouth 
till the close of the war. He was 
appointed clerk of the court for Straf- 
ford county in 1S66, and judge of the 
Dover police court in 186S, serving 
till 1S74. He was president of the 



DO VER. 



22 



Republican state convention at Con- 
cord in 1873, chairman of the Repub- 
lican state committee from 1873 till 
TS77, and chairman of the New 
Hampshire delegation in the Repub- 
lican National convention at Cincin- 
nati in 1S76. He gained his title of 
colonel by service on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Walter Hairhnan. In iS76he 
was appointed reporter of supreme 
court decisions, and in 1S77 suc- 
ceeded Governor Harriman as naval 
officer at the port of Boston, serving 
eight years. In 1892/— ? 93 he was de- 
partment commander of the Grand 
Army of the Republic of New Hamp- 
shire. He is trustee of the Strafford 
Savings bank, director of the Straf- 
ford National bank, trustee of Ber- 
wick academy, trustee of Dover pub- 
lic library, trustee of the " Went- 
worlh Home for the Aged," and a 
member of the Massachusetts Com- 
mand ery of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States. Colonel Hall is a ripe 
scholar, a polished orator, a leader in 
the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and an active member of the board 
of managers of the New Hampshire 
Soldiers' Home at Tilton. January 
25, 1877, he married Sophia, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Sarah (Hanson) 
Dodge of Rochester, by whom he has 
one son, Arthur Wellesley Hall. 

John Tapley Welch, postmaster of 
Dover, son of the late Joseph W. and 
Mary E- (Tapley) Welch, is a native 
of the city, born December 15, 1856. 
He was educated in the Dover 
schools and at Dartmouth college. 
He early engaged in journalism, 
serving as city editor of the White- 
side Sentinel at Morrison, 111., in 
1877— '78. He was f° r several years 
the Dover representative of the Bos- 
ton Globe, was engaged upon the 



Dover Republican in 1SS0, and the 
Dover Times in 18S9. In 1S81 he 
was appointed clerk of the Dover 
police court, and in 1S82 register of 
probate for the county of Strafford to 
fill a vacancy, and was subsequent!)' 
twice elected to the same office as the 
candidate of the Republican party, 
of which he has always been an ac- 
tive member. He represented Ward 
Three in the state legislature in 
1 889-' 90, serving as clerk of the 
committee on railroads. From Janu- 
ary, 1S90, till July, 1S94, he was 
chief time clerk in the government 
printing office at Washington. In 
1896 he was elected to the state sen- 
ate from the Twenty-second district 
by the largest majority ever given, 
and served as chairman of the com- 



<Y 



I 



John T. Welch. 

mittee on revision of laws, and upon 
several other important committees. 
Mr. Welch is a member of Mt. Pleas- 
ant Lodge and Prescott Encamp- 
ment. I. O. O. P., and is also asso- 



224 



DO J r BR 



ciated with the Red Men, Elks, and 
Knights of the Golden Eagle. He 
is a Son of the American Revolution 
by virtue of the services of both his 
paternal and maternal great grand- 
fathers in the war for independence. 
He married Eh'/abeth Alice, daugh- 
ter of the late Virgil H. MeDaniel, 
and has one son, George Gregg Welch. 
Charles Francis Sawyer, resident 
agent of Sawyer mills, American 
Woolen Company, and son of ex- 
Gov. Charles H. Sawyer, was born 
in Dover, January 16, iSGg. He 
was educated in the Dover public 
schools, Phillips Exeter academy, 
and the Sheffield Scientific school at 
Yale university. He has been for 
twelve years engaged in the woolen 
business, and is conversant with all 
its details. He is a Republican in 
politics, and a Cougregationalist in 
religion. He has served in both 
branches of the Dover city govern- 
ment, and is a member of the several 
Masonic organizations from the lodge 



£ 



1 tm 

\ 4 



I : 






Chafes F. Sawyer 



to the commandery, having been emi- 
nent commander and is at present an 
officer in the Grand Commandery. 
He is also a member of Dover 
Grange, P. of H. January 29, 1S95, 
he was united in marriage, at Hono- 
lulu, Hawaii, with Gertrude Child 
Severance, daughter of Hon. H. W. 
Severance. 

George Edward Dnrgin, clerk of 
the court for the county of Strafford, 
and one of Dover's best known resi- 



& 



% m I 









• 



\ 



\ 



George E. Durgin. 

dents, was born in the adjoining town 
of Madbury, March 13, 183.1. He 
was educated in the district schools 
and at the academy in Lee, and was 
engaged in teaching in different 
towns in New Hampshire and Massa- 
chusetts for fifteen years. In 1871 
and 1872 he represented the town of 
Lee in the legislature. In 1874 he 
was appointed register of probate for 
the county of Strafford by Gov. James 
A. Weston, and established his home 
in Dover, where he has since resided, 



DO VER. 



■25 



having been made clerk of the court 
in 1S76, and continuing in the latter 
office to the present time. Politi- 
cally he has been a Democrat, but 
now classes himself as independent. 
He is an active member of the Ad- 
vent Christian church. April i.&, 1S54, 
he married Lydia Ann Mathes of Lee, 
who died August 5, 1S93, leaving one 
daughter, Miss Ella G. Durgin. 

The name of Col. Walter Winfield 
Scott has been prominent in the mili- 



the latter date. In politics he is an 
active Republican. He was chosen 
moderator of Ward Four in 1890, 
and a member of the state legisla- 
ture two years later. In January, 
1898, he was elected city solicitor, 
and solicitor of the county of Straf- 
ford at the November election follow- 
ing. He is a director of the Mer- 
chants' National bank. He is a past 
chancellor of Olive Branch Lodge, 
No. 6, K. of P., and a member of 
Moses Paul Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 
He is a member of the First Con- 
gregational church. October 27, 1S97, 
he w r as united in marriage with Miss 
Helen F. Thompson. 

In 1S64 Mr. J. H. Randlett, a na- 
tive of the town of Lee, who went to 
California in the early fifties, remain- 
ing seven years, and returning Last 
was for a time engaged in business 
in Newmarket, came to Dover and 
commenced the manufacture of car- 
riages. His first location was on 



Col. Walter W. Scott. 

tar}- records of the state for many 
years past. Colonel Scott is a native 
of Dover, born August 27, 1867. He 
was educated in the public schools, at 
Phillips Exeter academy, and in the 
Law school of Boston university, and 
has been in practice as an attorney- 
at-law in Dover since March, 1897. 

Colonel Scott was connected with 
the State National Guard from May, 
1887, t° January 22, 1900, for several 
years as colonel of the First regi- 
ment, his official term expiring with 



,.>-■■-:■■ 



H. Randlett. 



226 



DOVER. 



Locust street, but the ever increasing 
volume of business demanded larger 
premises and facilities, and two years 
later the present commodious quar- 
ters in the old Belleview Hall on Cen- 
tral avenue were acquired and re- 
modeled to suit the requirements of 
the business. Mr. Randlett is an 
expert in all the branches of his vo- 
cation as a carriage maker, and as he 
personally oversees all the labors of 
his assistants he is enabled to secure 
the most satisfactory results. The 
factory is eligibly located, and is 
equipped with all the necessary tools 
and appliances that can contribute to 
the production of the most efficient, 
stylish, and reliable work. Thirty 
highly skilled mechanics are em- 
ployed in the several departments, 
and the range of production em- 
braces fine carriages of every descip- 
tion, wagons and sleighs. These 
are all constructed of the best and 
most thoroughly seasoned woods and 
the standard makes of steel and iron, 
while the upholstering, trimming, 
painting, and general finish could 
not be surpassed for style and ele- 
gance. They are unexcelled for 
strength, durability, soundness of 
every individual part, ease of 
draught, fineness of finish, and 
beauty of appearance. A full stock 
is carried, special attention is given 
to order work and the prices are as 
low as is compatible with the high- 
est class of materials and workman- 
ship. The trade of the house is 
throughout Xew England princi- 
pally, but orders are constantly re- 
ceived from every part of the Union. 
Mr. Randlett has been elected twice 
as representative, serving two terms 
in the legislature and also two years 
in the common council. 



Priestly Taylor was born in Eng- 
land, December 15, 1S3S, and came 
to America in 1S56. He was for five 
years superintendent of weaving in 
the woolen mills in East Rochester. 



P'iestiy Taylor. 

In 1SS2 he started in the grocery 
business in Dover, and has been a 
successful business man ever since. 
In politics he is a straight Republi- 
can. He was elected president of 
the common council, January 3, 1900. 
Mr. Taylor is a member of Strafford 
Lodge, F. & A. M., Belknap Chap- 
ter, R. A. M., also a member of Or- 
phan Council. He is also at present 
deputy grand president of the Sons 
of St. George. 

Among Dover's most prosperous 
and successful mercantile men is Ed- 
win J. York, a native of Dover, who 
was educated in the public schools of 
the city. He started in the coal, 
wood, and grain business nine years 
ago, and has given his undivided at- 
tention to the business, which was 
started on the south side of the city, 
but whose growth has been so rapid 



DOVER. 



that it became necessary to start a 
branch on the north side, where, in 
addition to the wood, coal, and grain 
business, he has added groceries, and 
is doing a fair business in that line. 
With his unusual sagacity he will 
•ere long become one of the leading- 
merchants in the count}'. 

One, who, through his connection 
with public business is as familiar a 
figure among her people as almost 
any resident of Dover is Jabez H. 
Stevens, who was born in Newmar- 
ket, July 29, 1S59, and lived there 
until four year^ of age, when he 
moved to Durham with his parents, 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth (York) 
Stevens. Mr. Stevens received his 
education in the public schools of 
Durham, Franklin academy of Dover, 
and the Bryant & Stratton Commer- 
cial college of Manchester. After 
leaving school he went to Boston to 
learn the carpenter's trade with his 
uncle, who was a large contractor 
there. Not liking the work he re- 
turned to Durham and engaged in 
the hay business, which he con- 
ducted successfully for a number of 
years. At the age of twenty- two he 
was chosen tax collector of his town 
and held the office for one year, re- 
fusing a reelection. At the age of 
twenty- eight he was chosen on the 
board of selectmen, a position which 
he held for four years, being twice 
chosen chairman of the board ; also 
holding, the office of overseer of the 
poor. In 1895 Mr. Stevens was 
elected to the legislature from his 
town by a large majority. In 1895 
he was appointed deputy under 
Sheriff James E. Hayes, a position 
he held until April, T89S, when he 
was compelled to resign, as he had 
been elected on the board of county 



commissioners. Mr. Stevens was 
reelected in 1899, and is, therefore, 
at the present time a member of the 
board, and clerk of the same. In the 
social fraternities he is a prominent 
member of Rising Star Lodge, No. 
47, Free Masons, Dover Dodge of 
Elks r Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and Scammell Grange, No. 122, 
of which he is a past master. Mr. 
Stevens owns and carries on a large 
milk farm. He has always been a 
staunch Republican, and was a dele- 
gate to the county convention for 
fourteen years before he received the 
nomination for commissioner. Mr. 
Stevens is the only person elected by 



A 



/ 



Jabez H Stevens. 

the Republicans as county commis- 
sioner from Durham who served his 
term since the organization of the 
party. 

The grocer) business has always 
been the leading factor in the mer- 
cantile life of Dover, and the leading 



228 



DO I BR 



grocer of the city to-day is William 
F. Cartland, a native of Parsonfield, 

Me., who came to Dover at the age 
of eighteen, entering the employ of 
his uncle, William P. T little. Three 





I 


\ 1 


i 


1 




II n 


a 


1 
• 






i 
i 



Williarr F. Cartland. 

years later he engaged with J. Frank 
Roberts, to learn the grocery busi- 
ness. Subsequently he was in the 
employ of W. S. Wiggin, but cher- 
ishing an ambition to conduct busi- 
ness for himself in 1885 he bought 
the interest of John Kimball in the 
firm of Kimball & Tasker, then lo- 
cated in Freeman block, Washing- 
ton street. The firm, in 1892. moved 
to the Anderton block on Locust 
street, and in a short time added the 
next large store, making the largest 
store in Dover. In 1S98, William F. 
Cartland became sole proprietor of 
the large business, and it has, since 



that time, made a wonderful advance- 
ment. One more large store lias 
been added, which makes it acknowl- 
edged to be the largest store and the 
most complete stock in southern New 
Hampshire. Mr. Cartland's 
motto is "Good, honest goods 
at the lowest possible prices." 
The largely increased volume 
of trade which has resulted 
from these increased facilities 
has proven how sound was the 
judgment which prompted the 
move. The premises are lo- 
cated at 39, 41, and 43 Locust 
street on which the}* have a 
frontage of sixty feet, the floor 
space occupying 4,800 square 
feet, with basement, making 
a total of 9,600 square feet, 
with a large storehouse on 
Washington street. It is neat- 
ly fitted up and excellently 
arranged throughout, fitted 
with handsome plate glass 
windows and lighted by elec- 
tricity. The business has in- 
creased until it is by far the 
largest in the city, requiring 
six delivery wagons and about 
a dozen assistants to meet the public 
demands. 

Mr. Cartland is an Odd Fellow and 
a Knight of Pythias. He married 
Miss Jennie Knight of Windham 
Center, Me., and they have four 
children. Their home is in a finely 
appointed residence on Highland 
street. 

William Pitt Roberts of the enter- 
prising and wide-awake firm of Rob- 
erts Brothers, shoe dealers, located 
at 344 Central avenue, is a native of 
West Lebanon, Me., born February 
14, 1S67, and was educated in the 
schools of that town. He started in 



DOVER. 



229 



business in Somersworth, where he 
was successfully engaged for some 
5 r ears, but deeming Dover a more 
promising field of enterprise in the 
line of trade to which he had devoted 
himself, a removal was made to that 
city, and for five years the firm was 
established in Bracewell block, where 
a flourishing trade was built up. 
The big flood of March. 1S96, one of 
the most notable events in the recent 
history of Dover, which swept away 
the lower half of Bracewell block, 
erected on pile foundations west of 
the bridge, across the Cocheco, 
wrecked the store of Roberts Broth- 
ers, among others, but daunted not 
in the least the courage and enter- 
prise of the firm, which soon had its 
business reestablished in its present 
location, upon an even more exten- 
sive scale than before. It may be 
remarked in this connection, that the 
firm of Roberts Brothers was the first 
to bring suit for damages on account 
of the flood, Gen. F. S. Streeter of 



- '■«''-/ j,-' 




ii 












^ 



William P. Roberts 



G. A. Anderson. 

Concord being their attorney, recov- 
ering a verdict of S3, 000. 

Mr. Roberts is unmarried, a Mason, 
and a member of the Bellamy club. 
He never allows himself to be dis- 
tracted by the excitement of politics, 
but devotes himself exclusively to his 
business, in which his foresight and 
sagacity, as well as his unvarying 
courtesy, have won the fullest meas- 
ure of success. 

Wecohamet Lodge, I. O. O. F., the 
oldest in Dover, was instituted De- 
cember 28, 1843. The first installed 
officer was Samuel H. Parker, after 
whom " Canton Parker " was subse- 
quently named. Wecohamet Lodge 
is the third oldest, also the third 
wealthiest in the state. Per cap- 
ita it is second in the state. The 
present noble grand, Gustavus A. 
Anderson, was born in Sweden in 
1868, was educated iu the public 
schools there, and came to America 
in 1888. He is by trade a machine 
printer. 



230 



\ 

I ••- 

1 



■ 



y 



R.ank L. Hayes. 



Frank Lincoln Hayes, Dover's 
leading painter and decorator, is a 
native of the city, born December 17, 
1S65, and received his education in 
the public schools and at Phillips 
Hxeter academy, having • been a 
member of the class of 1SS5 in the 
latter institution. He has been en- 
gaged in business for the last six 
years, and has been very successful, 
having a more extensive patronage 
than any other in his line in this sec- 
tion, his average weekly pay-roll 
amounting to $250. Among his re- 
cent contracts was that for the deco- 
ration of the Somersworth opera 
house, which, though small, is rec- 
ognized as the most handsomely 
decorated theatre east of Boston. 
Mr. Hayes is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and has been in close touch 
with municipal affairs, having served 
two years in the common council and 
being now on his second term as a 
member of the board of aldermen. 
He is a member of Moses Paul Lodge 



of Masons. Belknap Chapter, Or- 
phan Council and St. Paul Com- 
mandeiy, K. T., also of Olive Branch 
Lodge, K. of P., and Crescent Di- 
vision, U. R. K. P. He is married, 
his wife having been formerly Miss 
Ida M. Wink ley. 

LeRoy M. Collins, son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Vallance) Collins, 
was born at Greenwich, Washington 
county, X. Y., December 12, 1S59. 
In 1S66 his parents moved to Troy, 
N. Y., where his father carried on a 
large and prosperous business as a 
contractor and builder until about 
twelve years ago when he retired to 
devote, his attention to the property 
interests which he had acquired by 
his industry and thrift. Mr. Collins 
was educated in the public schools 
of Troy, graduating from the high 
school in 1S7S. For many years he 
was active in religious work and in 
1895 came to Dover as general secre- 
tary of the Y. M. C. A. Four years 
later upon giving up Y. M. C. A. 



..._ — 



,'■'" 




LeRo/ M. Collins 



. 



DO I r ER. 



231 



work be engaged in business in 
Dover, where he now resides. Dur- 
ing the Civil War bis father was a 
prominent anti-slavery man, and, 
with such political training, it hardly 
needs to be said that Mr. Collins is 
a strong Republican in his politics. 
His brother, C. V. Collins, is at 
present a member of the Republican 
state committee and superintendent 
of prisons in New York state having 
been appointed to the latter position 
by Governor Black. Mr. Collins is 
a Mason and chaplain of Moses Paul 
Lodge, No. 96. T 






K L 



James E Hayes 



L. .... 



. . Ji.. 



J. B. Foisorr & Co. 



It was over seventy years ago that 
Abraham Kolsom engaged in the 
paint and oil business in Dover since 
which time the business lias never 
been out of the family. It has 
steadily grown and to-day J. B. 
Folsom & Co., who carry the largest 
line of paints, oils, varnishes, glass, 
wall paper, and artist's materials in 
this vicinity, are among the leading- 
merchants of the city. 



1 Mr. Collins has deceased since this article \va> 
written. 



One of the live business men on 
Franklin square, which competes 
closely with Central square as a 
trade centre, is Fred W. Neal, deal- 
er in hardware, paints, and oils, who 
has been engaged in business six 
years, and has established a reputa- 
tion for honesty and fair dealing, 
such as any man may envy. Mr. 
Neal is married, his wife being An- 
nie, daughter of the late Aaron Rob- 
erts of Dover. 

Melvin Monroe Smith, sub-master 
of the Dover high school, an accomp- 
lished and successful teacher, is a 
native of the town of Sanbornton and 
a graduate of Colby university of the 
class of 1890. He is a member of 
the Phi Beta Kappa society, and re- 
ceived the degree of Master of Arts 
from Colby University in 1892. He 
has occupied his present position 
since that date. Mr. Smith is an 
active Free Mason and present 
\V. M. of Moses Paul Lodge. 



2\2 



DO J 'MIL 



Charles Henry Fish, agent of the 
Coeheeo Manufacturing Company, is 
a native of Taunton., Mass., a son of 
Capt. F. L. and Mary (Jams) Fish. 
After completing his education he 
entered the machine shops of the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company 
at Manchester, and has since been 
actively engaged in manufacturing. 



savings bank in the United States. 
The charter was formally accepted 
January 31, 1824, and on the 7th of 
February following the first board of 
officers was chosen, including John 
Wheeler, president; John Williams 
and Stephen Hanson, vice-presi- 
dents ; William Woodman, treas- 
urer ; John W. Mellen, clerk. The 




Charles H. Fisr 



He was appointed agent of the Co- 
eheeo Company's mills and print 
works, succeeding John Holland, 
September 1, 1895. 

There is no more solid financial 
institution of the kind in the country 
than the Strafford Savings bank, 
originally chartered as the Savings 
bank of the County of Strafford, June 
27, 1S23, and ranking as the fifth 



trustees were Jesse Yarney, James 
Bartiett, Joseph Smith, Jacob Kit- 
tredge, John B. Odiorne, William 
Flagg, Barnabas H. Palmer, Will- 
iam Woodman, George Piper, Joseph 
W. Clary, Moses Paul, and William 
Palmer. 

The bank was first located in a 
wooden building, on the spot where 
now is the brick building, on. Central 



DO J 'ER. 



233 



avenue, owned by Dr. John R. Hani. 
At first it was open for business on 
Friday afternoon of each week from 
three to six o'clock. The first de- 
posit was made by Stephen Hanson 
for his son, William R. Hanson, on 
February 28, 1824. 

In 1846, the Strafford bank erected 
a bank building on Washington 
street (its present location) and in 
1S47 the savings bank moved into 
rooms on the same floor of said block, 
with separate vault facilities. The 



institution, and occupied by it in 
July, 1896. Its corporate name was 
changed by act of legislature in June, 
1891, to Strafford Savings bank. In 
1849. twenty-rive years after its books 
were open for business, its deposits 
were 5400,461, with 2,500 depositors. 
In 1874, at completion of its half cen- 
tury, the deposits were $2,088,369 ; 
number of depositors 4,963. 

At the present time the depositors 
number about 10,000, and the deposits 
exceed S5,ooo,ooo. There have been 



. 



? ; 






The American House. 



growth of business during the next 
decade was such that more room was 
needed, and the entire second story 
was fitted up in 1856, and there the 
bank continued until July, 189.5, when 
they were temporarily located in the 
Cocheco Corporation next to their 
counting rooms, while the old bank 
building was removed and the ele- 
gant new block now known as Straf- 
ford Banks building was erected by 
this bank in connection with Straf- 
ford National bank, and in which 
fine, commodious quarters were made 
for the increasing needs of such an 



but nine presidents since the organi- 
zation of the bank, the present incum- 
bent of the office being Klisha R. 
Brown, who was elected in 1S91. 
A. O. Mathes is the present treasurer. 
The leading hotel of Dover, and 
one of the best in the eastern part of 
the state is the American House, 
located on Central avenue, facing 
Franklin square, in the commercial 
centre of the city, and within two 
minutes walk of the Boston & Maine 
railway station. It has long been 
under the successful management of 
A. T. Peirce cSc Co. 



234 



DOVER, 



:\ * . 










Interior Vi 



of tie Hardware Stor 



Cyrus L. Jermess, who has been a 
successful business man of Dover for 
many years, is engaged in extensive 
trade in hardware and agricultural 
implements of all kinds. His large 
new store in the Masonic block, 112 
feet long by 22 feet wide, with en- 
trances on Central avenue and Lo- 
cust street, contains a most complete 
stock in his line. For more than 



Cy- 



thirty years Mr. Jenuess has given 
his undivided time to the interest of 
his present business, and should be 
numbered among the leading mer- 
chants in this section of the county. 
Although no active politician, he is 
a supporter of the principles of the 
Republican party. 

He is a member of Wecohamet 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. 



P 



- * mm 



- r 










Interior Vie// of the Hardware Store of Cyrus L. Jenness. 



DO \ r ER. 



235 



r 



>*S*w» (.« 



$ -*> , 



Charles and John \Y. Gray, under 
the firm name of Gray Brothers, con- 
duct a useful and highly appreciated 
business in the Masonic Temple 
building, where they have been en- 
gaged since October, 1S95. Both are 
highly popular in 

business and so- 

.--■ 

cial circles. Charles 
Gray is a member / *? 

of Moses Pa u I 
Lodge of Masons, 
Ouochecho En- 
campment, Canton 
Parker, and Puri- 
ty Rebekali Lodge, 
I. 0. O. F. ; Gar- 
rison Lodge, A. O. 
U. W., and Cceur 
De Leon Castle, 
K. G. E. John 
W. Gray is a 
member of the 
several Odd Fel- L, ...;: M 
lows' organiza- 
tions, also of the 
Knights of the Golden Eagle. 

Frank B. Clark, Republican, rep- 
resentative from Ward One, a mem- 
ber of the committee on railroads, 
was born at Canaan, May 27, 1851, 
where he was educated in the public 
schools. For the past fourteen years 
he has resided in Dover, removing 
there from Manchester. He is a 
manufacturer of and dealer in lum- 
ber. He is a member of the Univer- 
salist church, and of many secret or- 
ganizations : Moses Paul Lodge of 
Masons, Belknap Chapter, Orphan 
Council, and St. Paul Conimandery, 
Olive Branch Lodge, K. of P., Cres- 
cent Division, U. R. K. P., Veritas 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., Lowell, Mass. 

Charles Joseph Morrill, Republi- 
can, representative from Ward One, 



chairman of the committee on public 
improvements. Mr. Morrill was born 
in Dover, September iS, 1S51, and 
was educated in the public schools. 
He is a Methodist. For two years 
he served as alderman from his ward. 









1 11 






'ksei 




•i& . . . " . ... 



Gray Brothers. 

Ill the secret orders he belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias and to the Odd 
Fellows. 

Chesley Drew, Republican, repre- 
sentative from Ward Two, a member 
of the committee on unfinished busi- 
ness, was born at Melvin Village, 
March 17, 1854. He attended the 
public schools of Dover. For thirty 
years he has been engaged with a 
brass band and orchestra, and for 
many years has led the Dover cornet 
band. He belongs to several secret 
organizations, the Red Men, Elks, 
Knights of Pythias, Golden Cross, 
and K. A. E. O. Mr. Drew was a 
member of the house at the last ses- 
sion and served on the Normal school 
committee. 

Joseph N. Holt, Republican, rep- 



£3b 






A 






S \ 















Frank B. Oar 



Chafes J. Mor 



Chesley. Drew. 



Joseph N Hoit. 







A ■ 









. 



... J 



Thomas J. RoDir.son. 



J)nn A. G'idde'-.. 



a37 












.,. v ! 



r 



Valentine Mathes. 



Allen 0. Richmond. 






Charles H. Morang. 



Henry A. Worthen. 



tin 



v 












^A . BL _-JK 



John J McCann. 



Frank E. Mui'igan. 



23S 



DO J r ER. 



reseutative from Ward Two, a mem- 
ber of the committee on Soldiers' 
Home, was born in Dover, January 
4, 1S39, and was educated there. 
He is a signal tender on the Boston 
& Maine railroad. He was a mem- 
ber of the city government, 1 879-' So. 
He enlisted October 16, 1S61, in 
Company K, Seventh New Hamp- 
shire regiment, and served during 
the war with the regiment. He is a 
member of the Odd Fellows, G. A. R., 
and Knights of Honor. This is Mr. 
Holt's second term as a member of 
the house. He served on the com- 
mittee on Soldiers' Home in 1897. 
In religion he is a Methodist. 




A. A. Pease. 

Thomas J. Robinson, Republican, 
representative from Ward Two, a 
member of the committee on incor- 
porations. Dover is Mr. Robinson's 
native place, and his birthday was 
the 25th of August, 1867. He at- 
tended the public schools, receiving 
the usual common school education. 



Mr. Robinson has been in business 
for several years, being at present a 
member of the firm of Robinson 
Brothers, bottlers. He belongs to 
the order of Foresters of America. 

John A. Glidden, Republican, rep- 
resentative from Ward Three, a 
member of the committees on liquor 
laws and retrenchment and reform, 
was born in Tuftonborough, March 
i.{, 1S36, being educated there, at 
Wolfeborough, and at Strafford. 
For several years he taught school 
in Tuftonborough, Barrington, Lee, 
Madbury, and Dover. On May 12, 
1 $60, he married Miss Mary Addie, 
only daughter of James and Zerviah 
Manson of Barrington, who was his 
assistant teacher for some years, and 
whose demise he has mourned since 
September 16, 1S91. While a resi- 
dent of Barrington, Mr. Glidden was 
a member of the board of education. 
He moved to Dover in 1S68, and has 
held the office of alderman. He is a 
Mason and an Odd Fellow, and an 
attendant at the Advent church. 

Valentine Mathes, Republican, rep- 
resentative from Ward Three, a mem- 
ber of the committee on public im- 
provement. He was born in Dur- 
ham, February 13, 1S47. He went 
to the public schools of his native 
town, to the Colby academy of New 
London, and to Bryant & Stratton's 
commercial college, then located in 
Concord. In religion, he is a Con- 
gregationalist. He has been town 
clerk of Durham, tax collector, and 
for twelve years he was postmaster. 
Since moving to Dover, he has been 
a member of the city government. 
In the secret orders, he belongs to 
Mt. Pleasant Lodge of Odd Fellows, 
Moses Paul Lodge of Free Masons, 
Wanalanset Tribe of Red Men, 



DOVER. 



2 39 



Knights of the Golden Eagle, Pres- 
cott Encampment, and Patrons of 
Husbandry. He is a wholesale and 
retail dealer in coal, wood, flour, 
grain, and lumber. He is also a 
contractor and builder, and dealer in 
real estate. He is also interested in 
the grocery and grain business. He 
is a director of the Piscataqna Navi- 
gation Company, and had much to 
do with organizing the corporation. 



.■ 



Aw 



% 



Frank L. McDowell. 

Dentistry has come to be recognized 
as a profession, ranking almost equal 
in importance to that of medicine 
itself, and its representatives, if 
"worthy and well qualified," rank 
among the benefactors of mankind. 
Frank I,. McDowell, a native of 
Charlestown, Mass., educated at the 
Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago 
Dental colleges, located at 360 Cen- 
tral avenue, ranks among the most 
skilful and aecornplibhed members of 
this profession in Dover. 

Allen D. Richmond, Republican, 
representative from Ward Four, a 
member of the committee on appro- 
priations, was born at South Ber- 
wick, Me., November 15, 1859, and 
educated in the public schools of 
Dover, where he has since resided. 
Mr. Richmond has been in the elec- 
tric business for the past eighteen 



years, and, at the present time, is 
general superintendent of the United 
Gas and Electric Company. He was 
alderman in 1S97 anc ^ iSyS. He be- 
longs to Moses Paul Lodge, No. 96, 
of Masons, Olive Branch Lodge, No. 
6, Knights of Pythias, and Weco- 
hamet Lodge, No. 3, I. O. O. F. 

Charles H. Mo-rang, Republican, 
representative from Ward Four, a 
member of the committee on the in- 
dustrial school, was born in the state 
of Maine, at Lubee, in 1849, where 
he was educated. He has been a 
selectman, councilman, and alder- 
man. He belongs to the I. O. O. F., 
and his business is that of brick man- 
ufacturing. Always a Republican. 

Henry A. Worthen, Republican, 
representative from Ward Four, a 
member of the committee on banks, 
was born in Amesbury, Mass., fifty- 
eight years ago, and was educated 
there. He is in the carriage manu- 
facturing business. He is a thirty- 






W 1 "*--. j 



Fred H Foss. 



240 



DO J r £K. 



second degree Mason, and a Knight 
Templar, member of Ivlt. Pleasant 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. He is warden of 
the First Unitarian church, director 
of the board of trade. Dover Improve- 
ment society, Dover National bank, 
and president of the Dover Five 
Cents Savings bank. This is Mr. 



common council two years, and four 
years on the board of aldermen. He 
is a prominent member in the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, serving as treas- 
urer, and twice as president. He is 
a member of County of Strafford 
Lodge of Foresters. In business he 
is a grocer. 



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i 



Joshua L Fus'er. 



Worthen's second term in the house. 
He was a member of the committee 
on banks in 1897. 

John J. McCann, Democrat, rep- 
resentative from Ward Five, a tneni- 
of the committee on insurance, was 
born in Ireland, and educated in the 
national schools of that country. In 
religion, he is a Roman Catholic. 
He has served as a member of the 



Frank E. Mulligan, Democrat, rep- 
resentative from Ward Five, a 'mem- 
ber of the committee on labor, was 
born in Dover thirty- two years ago, 
and has always resided there. He 
received his education in the public 
schools, and is a member of the 
Catholic church. Mr. Mulligan is a 
grocer by occupation. He was a 
member of the board of aldermen for 



DQVER. 



241 



four years, and has been a member of 
the state committee. He is also vice- 
president to the Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians, and a member of the Klks 
and Foresters. 

The leading millinery establish- 
ment in eastern New Hampshire is 
that of Cressey & Son, Dover, which 
was established by the late Thaddeus 
P. Cressey, more than fifty years 
ago at 390 Central avenue, which 
location it has ever since retained. 
The elder Cressey, who died Febru- 
ary 21, 1S95, held a place in the front 
rank among Dover's represented citi- 
zens and business men. Erwin P. 
Cressey, his son, who has been a 
partner for about thirty years, and 
who succeeds in the business man- 
agement, proves a worth}" successor 
in every sense of the term. 

Architecture has come to be a pro- 
fession of no little importance, and 
its representatives, in order to have 
success must be men of taste and re- 
finement, whose artistic nature has 
been thoroughly developed. A 
promising member of the profession 
in Dover is J. Edward Richardson, a 
native of the city, who graduated 
from its high school in 1 891, at the 
age of eighteen years. lie has been 
six years engaged in business at 56 
Grove street, and has already gained 
a fine reputation, having designed 
many fine residences in Dover and 
adjoining towns, and at the neigh- 
boring summer resorts. Pie is the 
architect of the elegant new fire sta- 
tion of the city of Dover, now in 
process of construction. He married 
Mary M. Worthen of Dover. 

William C. Leavitt, born in 
Swampscott, Mass., June 19, 1850, 
has been engaged in the market and 



provision business in Dover for the 
last nineteen years, and is among the 
most energetic and prosperous busi- 
ness -men of the city. He married 
Abbie May Leavitt, by whom he has 
had two children, one son only now 
living. He is a member of the First 
Congregational church, and asso- 
ciated with the United Workmen and 
the Knights of the Golden Eag-le. 



% 



Office of Foster"s Democrat. 

Foster s Democrat, published by 
George J. Foster & Co., is the only 
newspaper now published in Dover. 
It was established June i8 ; 1873 (a 
weekly edition having been com- 
menced January 20, of the previous 
year), by the late Joshua L. Poster, 
long a conspicuous figure in New 
Hampshire journalism. From a 
small beginning it has gradually in- 
creased in circulation and influence 
till it is now surpassed by no after- 
noon paper in northern New Eng- 
land in these respects. 



ava. 



SPRING. 
By C. C. Lord. 

softened air ! O gentle sway ! 

A breath dissolves .the icy chain 
That binds a world. With emblems gay, 

Bright Nature celebrates amain. 
The fields, the woods, their tributes bring, - 
Bloom, little bud, for this is spring ! 

Glad sounds of melody awake 

And fill the day. Unfettered streams 
Leap down the vales, and, tuneful, make 

The concert grand with bounding theme- 
Untutored voices, joyful, ring, — 
Trill, little bird, for this is spring ! 

O transport of the stolid earth ! 

O rapture of the moodless sky ! 
The realms exult in conscious birth 

And blessing, as the moments fly. 
Chaste fancies sweet take buoyant wing, — 
Love, little heart, for this is spring ! 



NOTES ON THE NEW SWEET-PEAS. 
By Clarence Moores Weed. 



!2&*m 




EYERAL new varieties of 
sweet-peas were introduced 
in 1S99, which are likely to 
remain for some time on the 
preferred lists of this beautiful flower. 
As in previous years I have grown 
these newcomers, as well as many 
others, in my garden, and print the 
notes upon them herewith, as supple- 
mentary to the sweet-pea articles 
published heretofore in the Graxitk 
Monthly. Of course, as these im- 
pressions are for the most part from 
but a single season's trial, they make 



no claim to any final conclusion. I 
have also included a few notes on 
some other of the newer varieties. 

A new Eckford white sweet-pea 
was introduced, in 1S99, under the 
name Sadie Burpee. It was herald- 
ed as a distinct advance over Blanche 
Burpee, the white that heretofore has 
been considered the best. Mr. Eck- 
ford described it as "absolutely the 
grandest white." As seems to be 
generally the case with seed raised in 
England and planted here, the plants 
did not blossom very freely with me, 



NOTES ON THE NEW SWEET-TEAS, 



243 



but the blooms obtained boi'e out the 
originator's claims. Doubtless, this 
year we can get American grown 
seed of this varietv, and at much less 



R "■ 

1 






I 



A Disp'ay cf Dirk and White S.veet-Peas. 

cost, and every lover of the flower 
will do well to give this variety a 
thorough trial. 

A few years ago the Orange Prince 
was the only available sweet-pea in 
an orange-salmon color. This was 
displaced by Meteor, a distinct im- 
provement in size. And now Metoer 
is to give way to Gorgeous which is 
still better as to size, and excellent as 
to color. These varieties have all 
been of ra f her inferior texture, burn- 
ing under the summer sun, and this 
defect is not yet wholly eliminated, 
but Gorgeous is better in this re- 
spect than is Meteor. For lighting 
up dark corners this glowing blossom 
is admirable. 

Among the lavender striped sweet- 
peas the Gray Friar has been a fav- 
orite since its introduction a few 
years ago. This last sen -on a va- 
riety called the Pink Friar was intro- 
duced and it. also, is likely to become 



a favorite. It is a large, fine-hooded 
blossom, white, delicately penciled 
with rose red. If one is selecting 
several pink and white varieties this 
should be included. 

Several new varieties of the dwarf 
Cupids were introduced last year. 
For some reason, possibly because I 
am so near the coast, these dwarfs do 
not do well in my garden, blighting 
and mildewing much worse than the 
tall sorts. Pink Cupid blossomed 
but the other new Cupids all failed. 

The new bush variety, however, 
blossomed nicely, but the flower is 
not ver}~ attractive. I think we are 
as likely to enjoy our sweet-peas 
fully as much in growing them on 
the tall vines as in getting them from 
these dwarf sorts. 



~n 






j 



hi^HdHui^ 



!_>*•-„ „i'Wi :- . 



A D^play of White Sweet-Peas. 



If you want early sweet- peas you 
should plant the strain of Blanche 
Ferry advertised as Earliest of All. 
This is a low growing form, some- 



244 



XO'fES ON 7 HE NEW SWEET-PEAS. 









■ 






i mamsm 
As* I 



L - - ■- «Sl ... 14.' _____ 

Royal Rose Sweet-Peas. 

what taller than the new bush sweet- 
peas, but needing no support. The 
plants come into bloom very early 
and will furnish an abundance of 
blossoms until the flowers of the 
other varieties appear. 

Last year American grown seed of 
several Eckford novelties was offered 
by the seedsmen for the first time. 
Of these the bright rose Prince of 
Wales sweet-pea proved to be a large- 
flowered, free-blooming variety, and 
it is a decided acquisition to the lists. 
The Lady Mary Currie, orange-pink 
shaded with rosy-lilac, also proved to 
be a valuable sort. In my garden 
the blossoms of the Colonist were 
rather small, while the deep marcon 
Black Knight was very satisfactory, 
more so I thought than the some- 
what similar Duke of Sutherland. 

A really blue sweet-pea has long 
been desired, and an approach to it, 
at least, has at last been found in 
the Navy Blue introduced last year. 
The general color effect is blue, al- 
though the flowers are comparatively 
small. The size will probably be im- 



proved by further selection, when the 
variety will become a very attractive 
one. 

It seems hardly probable that Dolly 
Varden will long remain in the front 
ranks of sweet-pea varieties. -Intro- 
duced in 189S, its coloring gave it a 
claim to consideration, but the sub- 
stance of the petals is poor and the 
flowers are small. The coloring is 
white with more or less shading with 
purple-magenta. 

The Lottie Hutchins sweet-pea has 
a general resemblance to the Pink 
Friar, Ijaving a cream ground flaked 
with pink. In my garden the flow- 
ers were rather small and the plants 
were not very prolific, but this may 
have been on account of the dry 
weather. I have made a note to the 
effect that the blossom is more attrac- 
tive in coloring than that of the Pink 
Friar. 

The Stella Morse sweet-pea was 
introduced in 1898. It has a good- 





\ 


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) 




_r*g£ 


<\, 


.■7-v>_" 
_ . 



.. . MJt^"ii__- --_ ^ 

Emily Lynch Sweet-Peas. 

sized hooded blossom, which is 
creamy with a delicate pink tinge, 
especially along the margins. Its 
texture is good and it blooms freely. 



NOTES ON THE NEW SWEET-PEAS. 



245 



Of the three varieties last named 
the range as to pinkness is Prima 
Donna, Venus, Stella Morse, the 
first being pinkest. 

Sensation was another 1S98 intro- 
duction which has well stood the test 
of a second season's trial. It blooms 
very freely, commonly having three, 
and often fonr, blossoms on a stem. 
The color is white with a delicate 
flesh tinge. 

The Royal Rose sweet-pea is of the 
general type of the Apple Blossom of 
a few years ago, but it is a great im- 
provement over that variety. It is a 
large, hooded flower, with the stand- 
ards bright rose and the wings pale 
rose, brighter on the veins. In tex- 
ture it is the best of the Apple Blos- 
som type. Its general effect is 
brighter than that of Emily Lynch, 
especially in bunches. It is so simi- 
lar to the last-named variety that it 
is not worth while to plant but one of 
die two, and Royal Rose is prefer- 
able. 

The Triumph sweet-pea is of the 
Blanche Ferry type, although much 
enlarged and improved. The blooms 
are very large, with the standards 
reflexed and the wings tending 
toward the horizontal position. The 
standards are rose-pink, deeper on 
the front side, especially on the cen- 
tral space. It blooms very freely, 
and should be quite generally plant- 
ed to take the place of Blanche 
Ferry. 

Although the Crown Jewell is not 
one of the very latest introductions it 
is a beautiful variety deserving notice 
here. The standards are delicate 
pink, varying much in tint, while 
the wings are creamy, more or less 
tinted with rose. The whole ilower 
has a sort of an ivory finish that 



gives it an inexpressibly dainty and 
delicate effect. The blossoms are 
large, of the erect-hooded type, and 



__ >|;V -^ _. ■ ^ 

Black Knight Sweet-Peas. 

are borne in moderate profusion by 
the plants. 

The blossoms of the Venus sweet- 
pea are of medium size and of a deli- 
cate pink color, having a yellowish 
tinge which is especially evident 
when the flowers are massed togeth- 
er. The texture is fair but not so 
2;ood as in most modern varieties. 
The plants bloom very freely and 
there are more blossoms on a stem 
than usual, generally three, often 
four. Seed should not be sown too 
thickly, so that there may be room 
and strength for the extra develop- 
ment of stem which these numerous 
blooms require. 

The Prima Donna sweet-pea is a 
medium-sized hooded flower of a very 
delicate pale pink color whiter on 
the wings. It is distinguished from 
Venus by the absence of any yellow- 
ish tint. In texture it seems to me 
better than Venus, and it bears blos- 
soms freely. 



2^ 



FAST DAY, APRIL 19, 1900. 

[Suggested by the Governor's Proclamation.] 
By Elisabeth Fenner Baker. 

Yes ! bring to mind those dear old days 

That now seem dim and far ! 
When humble men trod holy ways, 

With faith their guiding star ; 
Their children stray like scattered sheep 

From folds their fathers knew — 
Call them the ancient " Fast " to keep, 

The ancient vows renew ! 

On homestead hearths the olden fires 

Of prayer and praise are dead ! 
If thou relight those sacred pyres 

God's blessing on thy head ! 
Our star strown flag floats far and wide 

In conquest o'er the sea, — 
Her sons forget in greed and pride 

The God who made them free. 

Ay ! bid them keep a " solemn Fast " 

N'er needed more than now — 
For He will come to judge at last, 

To whom all knees shall bow. 
Then he shall rule o'er many things 

Who faithful proved in few, 
He, who exalts " the King of Kings," 

Shall have from Christ his due. 



SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS. 
By Mrs. Joseph B. Walker. 



n 



F, in the very outset, in consid- bath day, and with song, sermon, 

ering this subject I speak of and prayer, consecrated their new 

Sugar Ball monument, erected home in the wilderness to the sen-ice 

l is^xa ] on iy j ast f a j^ — October 26, of God and liberty. It is a landmark 

1899, — it is because it commemorates that future generations will regard 

the first recorded act of our pioneer with honor as the years go by. 
settlers. They rested on the Sab- The first range of house lots was 

1 Read before the Concord Woman's Club, February 9, 1900. 



. 















SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS, 



247 



laid out in May, 1726, about four 
months alter the plantation of 
"Penny Cook" had been granted 
to the petitioners by the general 






•^ 



isam 



court of Massachusetts. The bould- 
er, with an inscription cut upon it, 
at the corner of Main and Penacook 
streets, marks the first house lot- in 
the first range on the east side of 
Main street. This land was assigned 
to Rev. Timothy Walker, who was 
ordained the first minister 
of Penny Cook, November 
18, 1730. Having brought 
his young wife to this new 
parish he was anxious to 
make a home, as they had 
lived in a log house. In 
1733 the town appropriated 
fifty pounds to assist in 
building a two-story frame 
house, which stands to-day. 
Upheld by its staunch oak 
timbers it has resisted the 
winds and storms of r6; 
years, faithfully sheltering [ ...... 

six generations of the family. 



It remained practically as originally 

built until 1848, when the present 
owner removed the large, but unsafe, 
chimneys, and restored the old house 
for his own home. Parson Walker's 
diary tells us that the trees were set 
out by him May 2, 1764, and have, 
therefore, reached the good old age 
of 136 years. 

Forts, or garrisons, were built in 
various localities to protect the peo- 
ple from the hostile Indians. These 
were made of huge logs which lay 
flat upon each other. The ends, be- 
ing fitted for the purpose, were in- 
serted in large posts, erected to re- 
ceive them. These walls of timber 
were as high as a common dwelling 
house. At the corners were boxes 
where sentinels kept watch and ward 
in time of danger. Loop holes high 
up in the walls, allowed the aiming 
of guns at the enemy. These en- 
closed one or more acres of land and 
contained buildings for the comfort 
of those stationed there. In the front 
yard of this old house is a stone on 
which is inscribed the names of the 
men who retreated, with their fami- 
lies, to Parson Walker's fort. 



>: " M 



m 



.- . .. . 

Monument at Sugar Ball, Conco'd- 






v 



■ 















2 4 S 



SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS. 



In 1746 there were seven fully 
equipped garrisons in the town. 
They had been located, and the in- 
habitants assigned, May 1-5, 1746, to 
each, by a committee of militia ap- 
pointed by Governor Went worth. 
The first was the Walker fort, so- 
called, where eight families were 
" stated." Another was around the 
house of Capt. Ebenezer Eastman, 
on the east side of the river, with 
thirteen families. There was one at 
West Concord, around the house of 
Henry Lovejoy, where ten families 
were assigned. This old house is 
still standing, opposite the ' brick 
schoolhouse. 

On the "' Mill road,'' near the junc- 
tion of the Hopkinton road and the floor was laid. 



place. Near the spot where it oc- 
curred stands the granite shaft upon 
which are inscribed the names of the 
five brave .men who there met their 
death. This is on the right of the 
highway leading to St. Paul's school. 

A. parcel of land in the third range 
of house lots was reserved for a bury- 
iug-grouud. It is the oldest in cen- 
tral New Hampshire. The earliest 
known monument is a natural, rough 
stone with initials and the date, 1736. 

The site of the first meeting-house 
is at the north corner of Main and 
Chapel streets. It was erected, in 
1726, of logs with windows high up, 
and heavy, oaken doors, quickly bar- 
ricaded. Two 3'ears later a plank 
This building was 



past the church at St. 
Paul's school, stood the garrison 
around the house of Jonathan East- 
man, with its eight families. The 
one around the buildings of Joseph 
Hall contained fifteen families, and 
was situated near the Rolfe and Rum- 
ford asylum. Lieut. Jeremiah Stick- 
ney's fort sheltered twenty families, 
and was located 011 Main about op- 
posite Center street. One around 



the church, townhouse, and school- 
house for twenty-four years. 

The "Old North church" stood 
on the site of the Walker school- 
house. It was built in 1.751, and 
was enlarged by a pentagonal addi- 
tion, fifty-five years later, and used 
for worship until 1S42 — ninety-one 
years. In this church the election 
sermons were annually preached from 
1784— '31'. In it the convention for 



Timothy Walker, Jr.'s house was on ratifying the United States constitu- 

vSouth Main street, with twenty-two tion was held in June, 17SS, which 

families to be protected. ratification by New Hampshire as 

The garrisons about the house of the ninth state to approve the consti- 

Mr. George Abbott, on what is now tution, set the wheels of the national 

Fayette street, of Mr. James Osgood, government in motion, 

where the First National bank now Early in the century a bell was 

stands, and Mr. Edward Abbott, near hung in the Old North belfry, which 

the corner of Montgomery and Main so delighted the people that every 

streets, which old house is now a day but Sunday, it was rung at 

stable in the rear of the large one, seven o'clock, at twelve, at nine, and 

long occupied by the late Col. E. S. at all other times when any kind of 

Nutter, were finished the following an excuse could be found for ringing 

season. it. 

In this same year, August n, 1746, Near the southwest door of this old 

the terrible Indian massacre took church stood, for more than a cen- 



SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS. 



249 



tury, the large stone used as a mount- 
ing-block. Tradition says that the 
women paid for it by giving each 
a pound of butter. No doubt the 
women all helped, as so many came 
to meeting on horseback or behind 
their husbands or friends or pillions. 
After the church was burned, in 
1S70, it was given to Mr. Walker 
and removed to its present position 
just south of his house. 

When Main street was laid out 
stone bounds were placed at certain 
points to define its course and width. 
The only one known now to exist is 
imbedded in the concrete sidewalk- 
near the corner of Church and North 
State streets. 

The first session of the New Hamp- 
shire legislature, convened in Con- 
cord, opened March 13, 1782. They 
met in the old North church, but the 
weather was so cold that they ad- 
journed to a hall in the second story 
of the house now standing on the 
west side of North Main, near Pena- 
cook street. It stood then a few rods 
south of Parson Walker's, under the 
big tree, and was removed to its pres- 
ent position about 1851. Tradition 
says that the north parlor of the par- 
sonage was used by the president or 
governor of the state and the coun- 
cil. The treasurer had the room 
over it for his office, and the south 
sitting-room was a general commit- 
tee room. 

The town pound is an interesting 
landmark of the olden time, when so 
many people kept sheep and cows 
that would go astray. It is situated 
on the road to West Concord, being 
a lot some forty feet square, enclosed 
by a high stone wall. Years ago a 
heavy gate, with a padlock, kept 
securely any cattle, until redeemed 



by their owners by payment of the 
established fine. 

The town house was a very impor- 
tant building in those days for both 
town and state. It was built, partly 
by subscription, in 1790. It was 
situated on the city hall lot ; was one 
story high ; the door in the centre 
and a large room on either side. A 
cupola on the roof, with a vane, 
made it quite conspicuous. The 
town-meetings, which had heretofore 
been held in the meeting-house were 
now held there. The sessions of the 
"General Court," whenever assem- 
bled in Concord, occupied this build- 
ing until the state house was com- 
pleted in 1S19. 

Dr. Bouton says: "The building 
in the course of years underwent 
many mutations, modifications, and 
enlargements, answering all possible 
purposes, civic, political, religious, 
military, judicial, and fanatical — a 
sort of Noah's ark, in which have 
collected all things, clean and un- 
clean." 

The state house has been a land- 
mark for at least three generations, 
the corner-stone having been laid 
September 14, 18 16. The golden 
eagle, which crowns the dome, was 
raised about two years later, July 18, 
181 8, with music and feasting. One 
of the toasts given at the banquet 
was "The American Eagle — May 
the shadow of his wings protect 
every acre of our United continent 
and the lightning of his eye flash ter- 
ror and defeat through the ranks of 
our enemies." 

When General Lafayette came to 
Concord, June 22, 1825, he was wel- 
comed to the city and state by Gov- 
ernor Morrill in the hall of represen- 
tatives. A dinner was served to him 



250 



SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS. 



and more than 600 soldiers and citi- 
zens, and tradition says that the 
large tree in the southeast part of 
the yard marks the place where the 
general sat. He was the guest of 
Hon. William A. Kent, whose house 
stood where the South church now 
stands. 

One of the important landmarks of 
our childhood, and one which we 
were afraid to go past in the dark, 
was the. old state prison. Before 
State street was made the prison was 
begun, and was thought to be quite 
far away from business and homes. 
It was completed in 1S12, and the 
first prisoner committed for five years 
for horse-stealing. Fortunateh', he 
was not a native of Concord. 

Merrimack river was crossed by 
ferry-boats until about 1795, when 
the lower, or Concord, bridge was 
built. The next year the Federal 
bridge was completed. The latter 
crossed the stream several rods west 
of its present position. It was voted 
by the town to allow the bridge pro- 
prietors twenty-five dollars a year as 
compensation for the privilege to the 
townspeople of giving toll free be- 
tween the hours of nine and four, 011 
the Sabbath, on their way to and 
from meeting. 

Very few of us remember, or per- 
haps ever heard, that Concord and 
Boston were in direct communica- 
tion by boat, through the Middlesex 
canal and the Merrimack river. The 
first boat arrived in the autumn of 
1814, and continued to make regular 
trips for freight, principally, until the 
fall of 1842. The landing place and 
large freight house were a few rods 
south of the lower bridge, on this 
side of the river. In 18 iS the people 
were delighted with the new steam- 



boat, and availed themselves of the 
invitation of the proprietors to take 
trips up and down the river. 

The first houses in Penny Cook 
were built of logs, but the civiliza- 
tion of the settlers soon required 
houses built of timber and boards 
hence the first sawmill was erected 
and put in operation on Mill Brook 
in East Concord, in 1729, when but 
a few of the inhabitants had brought 
their families to the new township. 

It is interesting to note some of the 
houses built during the first fifty 
years. On the east side of the river 
is the Pecker mansion, built in 1755, 
by Philip Eastman, and recently 
fitted up by Mr. J. Eastman Pecker 
for his valuable library. 

Abraham Bradley came from Hav- 
erhill, Mass., in 1729 — one of the 
earliest settlers. The original house 
of logs, built in i729-'30, gave place 
to the present one, in 1769. For 131 
years it has been the home of some 
of the family, Mr. Moses Hazen 
Bradley being the present owner. 

The P'arrington-Fuller house, on 
the northwest corner of State and 
Pleasant streets, was erected as early 
as 1755 or 1756, by Steven Farring- 
ton. It is probably, at this time, the 
most perfect specimen of the house of 
that period, and is well worth a visit. 
It has the large chimney in the cen- 
tre, the low ceilings with projecting 
beams, the high, narrow mantles and 
chimney cupboards, the small, front 
entry, with steep stairs making two 
turns, characteristic of that time. 

The Benjamin Rolfe house was 
built before the* Revolutionary War. 
It is interesting as having been once 
the home of Count Rtimford, and, 
later, of his only daughter, the 
countess. The main house stands as 



SOME CONCORD LANDMARKS. 



251 



of old, the hall, parlor, and the room 
over it remains as originally built, 
with the hand-carved dac'o and cor- 
nices. The countess gave this estate 
and funds to establish the Rolfe and 
Rum ford asylum. Large additions 
have been made to have it a con- 
venient and comfortable home for the 
girls. 

Nathaniel H. Carter has been re- 
ferred to as one of Concord's most 
notable literary men. His birth- 
place, in the Iron Works district, 
should be marked by some suitable 
memorial. His letters from Europe 
and his poems, written seventy or 
eighty years ago, have lost little, if 
any, of their interest, through the 
lapse of time. 

Of the houses built about 1S00 1 
can mention but few for want of time, 
in the limit assigned me. Among 
these are the Coffin house, which, for 
a hundred years stood under the 
beautiful elm ; Mr. Charles Parker's 
house on Main street, and Mr. Her- 
bert's old store and tavern now used 
as dwellings. Dr. W. G. Carter's 
residence was built by Philip Carri- 
gan. The freshet that spring was 
kind to him, for it floated the timber 
and boards almost to the very place 
where he needed to use them. He 
was an old bachelor, and the build- 
ing of so pretentious a house for him- 
self made the people give it the 
name of " Carrigan's Folly." 

Maj. Daniel Livermore, when 
building his home on the site of 
Mr. J. C. Xorris's just after the 
Revolution, trespassed on the side- 
walk a foot or more. He was en- 
gaged to a young lady living up the 
street, and the young folks said that 
the major put his house out into the 
street so he could sit at the window 



and see his sweetheart come tripping- 
down the road. 

At the north end of Main street 
stands the large house built by Ben- 
jamin Kimball in 1S04. A fine speci- 
men of that style of architecture, it 
has never been changed, and has al- 
ways been occupied by descendants 
of the original proprietor. It stands 
back from the street, with a wall of 
stone in front. It is a two-story 
house with four chimneys, a wide 
hall running from front to rear, a 
door at either end, and all the rooms 
opening into the halls. 

The Dr. McFarland house, oppo- 
site the city hall, has been a de- 
lightful home since 1790. 

On the east side of South Main 
street, back from the road, stands 
the Rogers house. In the region of 
South Spring street are three very 
old houses. Many others may be 
recalled that time forbids the men- 
tion of. Most of these old houses 
have been changed to meet the re- 
quirements of subsequent genera- 
tions. 

The following lines, written some 
forty years ago by a friend, are still 
more applicable to-day : 

" Should some past worthy hat and cue, 

And buckles on his knee, 
But come to earth, the Penny Cook 

Of modern times to see, 
He 'd wander on beneath the gas, 
A stranger in the town 
Seeking his home to find, alas ! 
No old-time house is here ; 
All, all are changed or gone." 

In studying this subject I have 
wondered if ever there was another 
town of law-abiding citizens, where 
there were so many taverns in its 
first 120 years, where there were so 
many taverns as in Concord. When, 
remembering that it was the capital 



SOME COXCORD LANDMARKS. 



of the state, the head of navigation, 
and in direct communication with 
Boston by water, and with the sea at 
Portsmouth by a fine road, and on 
the direct route to the north and 
Canada, I could understand the ne- 
cessity for many taverns for the ac- 
commodation of the men and horses, 
and the big teams that brought pro- 
duce from the north and took back 
dry goods and West Indies supplies, 
also the need for the stage taverns, 
where the passengers were carefully 
cared for with never a lock ,in the big 
barn of straw and provender for the 
horses. It was a fine sight when 
some jolly stage driver, with the long 
lash of his whip curling round with a 
sharp snap, came tearing down the 
road, driving his four or six horses, 
in a graceful curve, up to the door of 
the tavern, to be welcomed by the 
courteous landlord, with half the 
little gamins in the neighborhood 
laughing and cheering around them. 
We think the tallyho coach a fine 
thing nowadays, but it is nothing 
compared with the old-time mail 
stage. 

At the north end of Main street 
was the Washington tavern — now 
standing, a tenement house under 
fine elm trees. Here were ample 
accommodations for man and beast, 
with a large hall for occasional balls 
and a good time generally. Across 
the street was the smaller one of 
John George, where his grandson 
and namesake hung out the giant 
sign on Old Home week last sum- 
mer, a sort of welcome and reminder 
of the long ago. 

One of the most noted in the Revo- 
lutionary period was " Mother Os- 



good's Tavern," which stood on the 
site of the First National bank. The 
hungry and the bibulous both found 
welcome and satisfaction there. Its 
hostess was gracious, its table was 
hearty, and its liquors were strong. 
It was for years the inn par excel- 
lence of the town. 

"Butler's Tavern" stands at the 
south end, near the railroad bridge, 
looking dark and blank, as if sighing 
alone for "its early companions, all 
faded and gone," but if the old rooms 
could speak what stories they would 
tell of the great men who had been 
their guests, of the stirring scenes in 
war time, the big dinners, the gal- 
lons of New England rum drank at 
their feasts, and called for at almost 
any hour of day or night. For- 
tunately for the men of that time, 
and the women, too, the rum was 
made of good West India molasses 
at the distillery of Sampson Ballard ^ 
a few rods north of the present rail- 
way station. There were no k ' ; hotels ,? 
in Concord till well past 1S00, all 
were "taverns " or " inns." 

We, elderly people, all well remem- 
ber the Phenix hotel, with its hang- 
ing sign of the bird in the midst of 
the flames; the "Columbian," on 
the other side of the street ; the 
"Eagle Coffee House," and Gass's 
"American House," where the opera 
house now stands. All now are gone, 
giving place to the fine new F^agle. 

The half has not been told of '' Con- 
cord's Landmarks," but it is to be 
hoped that these fragmentary sug- 
gestions may stimulate us all to learn 
more of and take a deeper interest 
in the early history of our beautiful- 
city. 



ar3 



EASTER. 



By George William Gray. 



The clarion cock proclaims th' approaching day 
The waking birds pour forth a tuneful lay, 
The rosy fingered dawn from out the glades 

- o o 

With growing light expels the humid shades. 
The earth in forests green and flowery dells, 
Rejoices in the news the angel tells. 
The empty tomb with shadows dark and thick 
" Chrisius resurrexit ; non est hie," 
Proclaims, the crucified One lives again, 
He who suffered, and He who was slain. 
He is risen, victor over death, 
No more to die. 



SONGS ESPECIALLY PLEASING. 
By Fanny Grant . 



^S^'^ll^a rehearsal the conductor re- 
m m mar ked tk at ^ n order to find 
WM m one part-song worth singing 
^£-~&} he had to search through 
six thousand part-songs, or words to 
that effect. If a music dealer sends 
out songs to sing as solos the search 
for what is effective is just as dis- 
couraging. If by some unknown, 
occult process we could make it un- 
derstood that song writing does not 
mean harmony exercise ; that to 
change the key half a dozen times in 
a slenderly built, weak, and droop- 
ing song twelve lines long is not to 
give it interest or beauty ; that to 
take an idea (that would be good 



worked out on new lines) and only 
burden it unchanged with a hideous 
accompaniment is but to make a vo- 
cal horror — that — where shall one 
pause in the list of what is bad in the 
modern vocal literature ? " Popular " 
songs are one thing, serious work is 
another, and at present it is serious 
work that is taken into consideration. 
Really, a song is so wonderful, so 
mysterious in its nameless beauties, 
that it is an inspiration. It is folly 
and presumption to imagine that any 
one who is proficient in the science 
of music is the one who is to create a 
melody and fit it to words of his own 
or words he may select. It. is not 



254 



LIFE. 



true to say that whether or no a song- 
is satisfactory must be a matter of 
taste, the whole swarm of modern 
German and French song-writers are 
failures, with a few exceptions. The 
Italian composer is good but not 
numerous ; too often the American 
composer is very bad when we hear 
from him at rare intervals. Dudley 
Buck is not bad sometimes, but we 
always think of the church solo with 
effect and climax for great organ in 
his best songs. Some of Millard's 
songs are very good, but are written 
-with no apparent understanding of 
the human voice as a vocal instru- 
ment. 

It seems as if in every generation 
some good soul is given to the world 
to write its ^ongs. Schubert and 
Abt are two men to whom the musi- 
cal world owes more than it ever will 
have any power to pay. P'rederick 
H. Weatherley is best equipped for 
the production of suitable words for 
the songs of to-day. A lyric poet is 
as rare as the creator of a melody. 
Weatherley ought to have gained a 
fortune of a million guineas b}' this 



time, to place a modern and easily 
understood value on his services to 
the musical world. Certainly he is 
England's only h r ric poet at present 
worth mentioning. To learn one of 
his songs is not time spent in vain. 

Most of the modern French songs 
are odious, dull, monotonous to the 
last extreme. A "melody" on one 
or two notes and a stupid filling in of 
inane accompaniment are a sum total 
of the " points " of a modern French 
song. 

The fault of the modern German 
song is that it falls into a habit of 
lending itself to a series of chromatic 
shrieks supported by chords and long 
notes held with a firm grip of the 
voice while the instrument, piano 
or orchestra, does the chromatics. 
There is no genius in one of them. 
Any man who knows how to write 
music could do as well as anything 
we have in the modern German song". 

It seems somewhat ungracious that 
we have to go back to the old favor- 
ites to find songs that are satisfactory, 
but, nevertheless, this is what we 
have to do. 



LIFE. 



By Ormsby A. Court. 



A birth that bubbles, gurgles, flows 

With murmurings soft through quiet ways 

'Neath shading trees, by perfumed blows, 
'Midst meadows sweet on summer days. 



A brook, the birth, and swiftly o'er 
The sanded bed it dashes bold, 

And down the rocks with splash and roar, 
A brattling loud the story old. 



OUr OF THE WAY. 255 

The stream is readied, mid waters deep 

The brook flows on in broader ways ; 
Through vale and field and wooded sweep, 

'Neath sun and rain on autumn days. 

The ocean looms — eternity. 

The stream sweeps on ; an ebbing tide ; 
The mists engulf, and o'er the lea 

The night-wind moans unpacified. 



■^'■■M 



k^SW' 



OUT OF THE WAY. 

[From the German of Theodor Storm.] 
By Laura Garland Carr. 

All is so still ! The broad heath lies 

Beneath the sun's warm, noonday brightness ; 
A rosy shimmer flits and flies 

About the old gravestones in lightness. 
The wild flowers bloom and all the air 
Is sweet with heather growing there. 

Bright gleams of gold the watcher tells 

Where beetles through the grass are wending 

The bees hang low T on heather bells — 

The purple sprays beneath them bending. 

We hear a sudden whir of wings — 

A lark mounts skyward as it sings. 

A lonely house — time-battered, poor — 
Basks in the pleasant, sunny weather; 

The cotter, smiling, from his door 

Watches the bees their burdens gather. 

His bo3 r , sitting among the weeds, 

Makes himself whistles from the reeds. 

The village bells' clear, distant call 
Brings to this quiet scene a tremor ; 

The old man's eyelids gently fall 

And honey harvests cheer the dreamer. 

Nought of the world's rush, joy, distress — 

Touches or breaks this loneliness. 



&£<c 









3J 



^T/ 9 URNS 



■> f - -Lr- - * 




FRAN 



W. GRAVES, M. D. 



Dr. Frank W. Graves, born in Rumney, June 26, 1S42, died at Vvoburn.jMass., 
March 12, 1900. 

Dr. Graves was a son of YYillard and Elizabeth (Walker) Graves, and a grand- 
son of Abner Graves, a soldiei in the War of 18 12. He received his early edu- 
cation in the common schools of New Hampshire, at the Phillips school in 
Boston, Nashua Literary institution, and at the Barre academy, Barre, Vt. He 
commenced his professional education in 1863 under the direction of the late 
Dr. Charles P. Gage of this city, attended medical lectures at the medical depart- 
ment of Harvard, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York, at the 
University of Vermont, and was graduated M. D. from the medical department of 
the University of Vermont in 1866. He located for the practice of medicine first 
in Sutton, where he remained only a few months, removing to Warner, where he 
remained for eleven years. He then went to Woburn where he continued down to 
the time of his death. 

He was a member of the New Hampshire Medical society, the Massachusetts 
Medical society, of the P^ast Middlesex District Medical society, of which he had 
been president. He had been medical director of the Department of Massa- 
chusetts, G. A. R., and was surgeon of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery com- 
pany* of Massachusetts. As such he accompanied the corps on its trip to London 
m-^8.96. He was a member of the Masonic fraternity, including the Scottish 
Rite'"; of? the Grand, Army of the Republic, and of the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution. During the War. of the Rebellion he served for several months as a 
member of the famous Dartmouth cavalry. 

COL. BENJAMIN READ. 

Col. Benjamin Read, almost a lifelong resident and historian of the town of 
Swanzey, died at the residence of his son, Edwin M. Read, in Fitchburg, Mass.,. 
March 27. 

Colonel Read was a son of Josiah P. and Mary (Forbes) Read, and the grand- 
son of Timothy Read who settled in Swanzey in 1779. He was born March 13,. 
1817, and save for a few years of his early manhood had been a resident of East 
Swanzey until shortly before his death. Educated mainly in the schools and 
academy near his home, he became a prominent farmer, lumber dealer, and paii 
manufacturer. He was for a long time a school officer, justice of the peace and 
public speaker to a greater or less" extent, and as the historian of Swanzey, in 
his later years, he compiled a very large amount of historical and biographical 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 257 

matter, requiring exhaustive research, much of which, it is said, was not published 
for some reason, when his history of the town was printed. 

Mr. Read acquired his title of colonel in the old state militia. He was one of 
the first and most outspoken abolitionists in the town, and was for years a promi- 
nent Republican. He was a state senator in 1867 and '6$, and held numerous 
other positions of trust. Mr. Read married Deziah C. Ballon of Troy, who died 
in 18S2. Their children were Albert Benjamin, now of Winchendon, Mass., 
William Forbes, Edwin Moses, and Josiah Warren now of Fitchburg. 

AUGUSTUS P. JACLARD. 

Augustus P. Jaciard, a leading citizen of Moultonborough, died at his home 
in that town March 26. 

Mr. Jaciard was born in the city of New York, May 23, 1834, and was a son of 
Sebastian Jaciard of Metz, France, an old soldier of Napoleon, and a member 
of the Legion of Honor. His mother was Clara Clunet of Baltimore, Md., one of 
the oldest and best known families of the city. 

Mr. Jaciard.. in 1S59, married Harriette S. Lee of Moultonborough, who died 
in January, 1899. In 1864 ne settled in Moultonborough, and soon after engaged 
in mercantile business, and has since been one of the most prominent and best 
known citizens of the town. He was town clerk in 1872-73, and postmaster dur- 
ing both terms of Cleveland's administration. He took a deep interest in secret 
societies — very prominent in Masonry, and had attained the thirty-second degree. 
He also belonged to the Odd Fellows, Order of Red Men, Knights of Pythias. 
and other organizations. 

He leaves a son, Stephen A., of Cambridgeport, Mass., a well-known business 
man, and two daughters, Mrs. George Blanchard of Sandwich, and Mrs. Louis 
Parent of Laconia. 

JAMES M. FOSS. 

James Moore Foss, for many years general superintendent of. the Vermont 
Central railroad, a native of the town of Pembroke, born January 6, 1829, died at 
his home in St. Albans Vt., March 9, 1900. 

Mr. Foss commenced his career as a railroad man, as an apprentice, in the 
Concord Railroad machine shop in this city in November, 1846. From 1S50 to 
1862 he was a machinist and engineer on the Boston, Concord & Montreal road. 
In 1868 he became master mechanic of the Central Vermont Railroad company; 
in 1873 was lt - s superintendent of motive power, and personally directed the 
construction of the locomotives used on the system ; in 1879 he was promoted to 
the position of assistant general superintendent and in 1885 was made general 
superintendent of the whole system. Mr. Foss for the past five years and during 
the receivership of the Central Vermont railroad had been connected with the 
management only in an advisory capacity. 

Mr. Foss owned several well-equipped farms, was a director in many Vermont 
institutions, and closely identified with the industrial progress of Franklin county. 
He was a member of several Masonic bodies, having attained the thirty-second 
degree in that fraternity. 



2 5 S NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

PAUL A. STACKPOLE, M. D. 

Dr. Paul A. Stackpole of Dover, one of the oldest and best-known physicians 
of the state, died f r om an accidental fall, down a flight of stairs at his residence 
during the night of March 20, dislocating his neck. 

Dr. Stackpole was a native of Rochester, a son of Samuel and Rosanna (Nute) 
Stackpole, born February 12, 1814. He was educated in the public schools, at 
Phillips Exeter academy, and at Dartmouth Medical college, graduating from the 
latter in 1S43, from which time he was in constant practice of his profession in 
Dover for fifty years, until his retirement a few years since, when he was suc- 
ceeded by his son Dr. Harry H. Stackpole. In politics lie was a Democrat, and 
active and influential in his party, serving many years upon the state committee. 
He was for several years a member of the Dover school board, and was a member 
of the Masonic and Odd Fellows organizations. 

MAJ. DARIUS MERRILL. 

Darius Merrill, chief clerk in the United States Pension Agency in Concord, 
died at his home in this city March 29, 1900. 

Fie was a native of Weare, born August n, 1S27. He education was that of 
the common schools. When he reached young manhood he went to California in 
search of gold, remaining until the opening of the Rebellion. He enlisted Sep- 
tember 5, 1 86 1, as a member of Company D, Seventh New Hampshire volunteers, 
serving for three years and three months. Flis regiment participated in twenty-two 
engagements in Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. 

In 1S65 Major Merrill came to Concord and entered the pension agency as 
• a clerk, and with the exception of three years, during which he was deputy secre- 
tary of state, he served continuously in this office almost to the day of his death. 
He had held the position of chief clerk for many years. He was a beloved 
member of E. E. Sturtevant post, G. A. R., and was prominent in Masonry, serv- 
ing for many years as treasurer of the Concord Masonic association. 

OTIS G. HALE. 

Otis Goss Hale, son of Major Ezra and Joanna (Sanborn) Plale, born in 
Bethlehem, June 6, 1828, died in Littleton, March 23, 1900. 

Mr. Hale was engaged in trade in Bethlehem in early life and was postmaster 
for that town under President Buchanan, also for two years town clerk. He 
became a resident of Littleton in 1865, and was engaged for several years in 
mercantile affairs in association with Samuel A. Edson and other well-known 
business men. He was treasurer and financial director of the axe and scythe 
manufacturing business in Littleton, and manager of large investments for himself 
and other prominent men of the vicinity in starch factories in eastern Maine. 
He was also director of the Littleton Savings bank ten years, from 1874 to 18S4. 
He served a term as member of the board of education in Union School district, 
1879 to 18S1, and was for several years selectman, treasurer, and auditor. In 
1875 he was one of Litteton's representatives in the legislature. Politically he 
was a Democrat, and in religion a Methodist. 



NE W HAMPSHIRE NECROLOG K 259 

COL. ROGER E. FOSTER. 

Roger E. Foster, son of the late Judge William L. Foster, died at the family 
home on North State street in Concord, March 26, 1900. 

Colonel Foster was born in this city September 12, 1S67. His mother was a 
sister of the late Commodore George IT. Perkins, and, after completing his educa- 
tion at St. Paul's school, he issumed the management of Commodore Perkins's 
country seat at Webster and made his home there, representing that town in the 
legislature in 1897, and taking an active part in Republican politics. It was 
expected, had he survived* that he would have been the candidate of his party 
in the district tor the state senate at the coming election. Fie. was a vounsr man 
of much promise in many directions, and had many warm friends. He was an 
aide upon the staff of Gov. Frank W. Rollins, whose friendship he enjoyed to the 
fullest degree. 

EDWIN P. HILL. 

Edwin P. Hill, born in Hudson, July io, 1S1S, died in Haverhill, Mass., 
March 10, 1900. 

Mr. Hill was educated in the Hudson schools, and at the old Nashua Literary 
institute. He was assistant postmaster at Nashua from 1S41 to 1844, when he 
engaged in the cry goods business in that city. In 1S52 he removed to Haverhill, 
Mass.. and engaged in the clothing trade, continuing till 1861, when he was 
appointed postmaster of the city, which office he held until the commencement of 
Grant's administration. For many years he was the Haverhill correspondent 
of the Boston Herald, and also the New York Herald's correspondent in the 
same city. He was married in 1846, at Norwich, Conn., to Sophia D. Newell of 
Nashua, who died some time time ago. His son, Edwin N. Hill, a successful 
lawyer of Boston, and his daughter, Miss Florence S. Flill of Haverhill, survive 
him. 

CHARLES B. HOPKINS. 

Charles Burton Hopkins, son of Richard H. and Ellen M. (Newton) Hopkins, 
born in Chesterfield, May 16, 1855, died at Hinsdale, March 26, 1900. 

Mr. Hopkins was educated in the public schools, at Powers institute, Bernards- 
town, Mass., at Leland & Gray seminary, Townsend, Vt., and Kimball Union 
academy, Meriden. He became agent of the Fiske Paper company (Brightwood 
mills) at Hinsdale, in 1877. He was a member of the last state constitutional con- 
vention. He was a Mason and a shriner of Aleppo Temple, Boston, Hugh de 
Payens comrnandery, Keene, an Odd Fellow, and Red Man. He was a Republi- 
can, and had served on the state committee of his party. 

JOHN SCOTT. 

John Scott, editor and proprietor of the Peterborough Transcript, died at the 
hospital in Wellesley, Mass., March 24. 

Mr. Scott was born in Peterborough, September 9, 1844, and has always 
resided there. He was educated in the common schools and at the academy. 
Fie enlisted in June, 1864, for three years in the First New Hampshire cavalry. 



260 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

but was mustered out at the close oi the war. after having served about a vear 
as private, corporal, and duty sergeant, and holding the position as quartermaster 
sergeant of Troop G, at the time he was mustered out. He was a member of the 
New Hampshire legislature of i887-'S8. He was a .Republican and a Unitarian. 
Mr. Scott leaves a widow and a married daughter, Mrs. Victor C. Holland 
of Peterborough. 

DOROTHY COVERING BIDWELL. 

Dorothy Covering, wife of Charles E. Bid well, and well known in the theatrical 
profession a charter of a century ago, as ; - Dollie Bidwell," died in New York city, 
January 25, 1900. 

She was born in Seabrook, April 15, 1S43. In lS 6o she made her first 
appearance on the dramatic stage as Jeannette in "The Idiot Witness." Shortly 
afterward she starred in the New England states with Joseph Proctor, and sub- 
sequently she married Charles E. Bidwell, under whose management she rose 
to prominence. In TS72 she starred in -''The Pretty Panther," a play written 
expressly for her. Some twenty years ago she retired from the stage, and after- 
wards lived in seclusion. 

REV. JOSEPH H. BROWN. 

Rev. Joseph H. Bi'own, originally a Free Baptist, but for many years identified 
with the Methodists, and a member of the New Hampshire conference, a native of 
New Hampton, born December 19. 1833, died in Concord at the home of his 
brother, Gen. John H. Brown, March 16, 1900. During his connection with the 
Methodist conference his appointments were at Rumney, Lisbon, Franklin Falls, 
Jefferson, Stark, Manchester, Haverhill, Sandwich, Marlborough, East Lempster, 
Webster, South Acworth, and Riverton, the latter being his last assignment. Mr. 
Brown married Miss Hattie N. Fluse of Danville, Yt., by whom he is survived, 
with one daughter, Airs. J. M. Morse, of Riverton. Another brother is Flon. 
Manson S. Brown of Plymouth. 

ISAAC CALHOUN. 

Isaac Calhoun, a well-known citizen of Littleton, died in that town, March 23. 

Mr. Calhoun was born in Lyman, May 10, 1832, but had been a resident of 
Littleton since 1S68. He was for many years engaged in trade, and subsequently 
in lumbering in company with Charles Eaton. Politically he was an active 
Republican. He served as selectman, supervisor, and was a representative from 
Littleton in 1884. 

HERBERT E. HALL, M. D. 

Herbert E. Flail, born in Nashua, February 23', 1864, died in New York, 
March 17, 1900. Mr. Flail was educated at Ann Arbor, Mich., and the Burling- 
ton (AT.) Medical college, graduating from the latter in 1885. March 17, of that 
year, he married Carrie Elizabeth Thompson of Albion, N. Y., and settled there 
in the practice of medicine, but subsequently removed to Provincetown, Mass. He 
eventually gave up practice on account of his health, and after a time became 
manager of the New York Musical Record, holding this position at the time of 
his death. His wife and three children survive him. 



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THE MOTHER CHURCH. 

THE F.RST CHURCH OF CB»«. SCIENTIST. BOSTON, MASS. 



^63 



Tub Granite Aoiythi^l 



Vol. XXVIII. MAY, 1900. No. 5 



EASTER MORN. 
By Mary Baker G. Eddy. 

Gently tliou beckonest from the giant hills, — 
And new-born beauty in the emerald sky, 

And wakening murmurs from the drowsy rills, 
O gladsome dayspring ! reft of mortal sigh — 

To glorify all time — eternity — 

With thy still fathomless Christ- majesty. 

Brightly thou gildest gladdened joy, dear God ! 

Give risen power to prayer ; fan Thou the flame 
Of right with might ; and, midst the rod, 

And stern, dark shadows cast on Thy blest name, 
Lift Tliou a patient love above earth's ire, 
Piercing the clouds with its triumphal spire. 

With sacred song and loudest breath of praise, 
Echoing amidst the hymning spheres of light— 

And Heaven's lyres and angels' loving lays — 
Send to the loyal struggler for the right 

Joy, not of time and not by nature sown. 

But the celestial seed dropped from Love's throne. . 

Prolong the strain " Christ risen " ! Sad sense, annoy 
No more the peace of Soul's sweet solitude ! 

Deep loneness, tear-filled tones of distant joy, 
Depart ! Glad Easter glows with gratitude — 

Love's verdure veins the leaflet's wondrous birth — 

Rich rays, rare footprints on the dust of earth. 

Not life the vassal of the changeful hour, 

Nor burdened bliss, but Truth and Love attest 

The solemn splendor of immortal power — 
The ever Christ, and glorified behest, 

Poured on the sense that deems no suffering vain 

Which wipes away the sting of death — sin, pain. 
Pleasant View, Concord, N\ II. , April i8, 1900. 



^(oH 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 
By Henrietta H. Williams. 



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Mother Church Tower and Chimes. 



p****|5|HE Church of Christ, Scientist, estab- 
lished in America in the latter half of 
the nineteenth century, presents so 
man}* progressive features that the 
statement is well founded which accords to it 
a larger measure of originality than to any 
other organization connected with the Protes- 
tant religion. It was chartered a Mind-healing 
church, a religious system built up by a woman. 
As such it offers a remarkable initiative to the 
twentieth century, engraving upon its tablets 
fresh historical records of deep significance. 

Early in 1S79 the Discoverer and Founder of 
Christian Science, Rev. Mary Baker G. Eddy 
of Concord, New Hampshire, with a few of her 
followers who were among the first Christian 
Scientists, students of her Mind-healing school in Lynn, Mass., and later 
graduates from her Metaphysical college in Boston, inaugurated the origi- 
nal society, and during the same year, having obtained a legal charter. 
they incorporated in Boston as The First Church of Christ, Scientist. Dur- 
ing some five years Mrs. Fddy preached from this and other pulpits, and 
in iSSr was ordained pastor. 

THE BOSTON SOCIETY. 

Gradual as was the early growth of the church, there was no percep- 
tible fluctuation in its popularity, although the metaphysical side of its 
doctrine presented to the 

public, especially to theo- ~ ' ■; ! ' pJU£ .:'..:. '• X~ V- 
logians, an infant prodi : " r w- -; 
gy. At the time it ap- 
peared almost abnormal 1 .:_:-.— '-:- • I till] \ 
. ■ j 1 1 1 ! pfi I s I i '. 1 ■"■■■' •-■ [ "\ I 
in the first startled view 

of it. The nursling was || 

then cradled in some of |* 

the substantial halls of 

Boston, not yet having 

publicly attained to the ! , : 

acknowledged dignity of 

its religious character in ' 

an edifice of its own. 1. . . 

But there Was 110 Waning Easte-, I900 in the Mother Cr 



§ 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



26.S 









of interest in the new theme, 
and it grew apace ; the gen- 
eral awakening in religious 
activity of the time acceler- 
ating; its vital currents, and 
giving promise of wide and 
far- reaching power at matu- 
rity, a promise confirmed by 
an almost phenomenal in- 
crease in strength, both as 
to members and as to the 
nature of its work during 
the ensuing twenty years. 

When the international 
parliament of religions con- 
vened at Chicago, during 
the World's Exposition of 
1S93, metaphysics in its re- 
lation to theology was given 
fresh impetus. Being called 
to unite as a member with 
that religious body, and as 
such, to officially present its 
doctrine or "a reason for 
the faith within," Christian 
Science made its formal bow 
to the nations. This was an 
objective manifestation of 
what had been a mighty 
growth for years, and after public 
scrutiny and serious consideration 
of its national and ecumenical pos- 
sibilities, the doctrine emerged a 
recognized benefactor among the 
Christian denominations. From 
this progressive event in the re- 
ligious world, the first congress of 
its kind ever assembled in Amer- 
ica or in any other country, dates 
the widespread definition of Chris- 
tian Science in encyclopedias, and 
some of the best biographies of its 
discoverer and founder were then 
issued. The original society was 
reorganized in 1892, and the Tenets 
of the church prepared by Mrs. Eddy 



n 






Copyriglit, 
Inscription 

inward 



iSqq, by W. G. C. Kimball, Concord, X. H. 

on The First Church of Christ, Scientist. Boston, Mass. 

were then adopted. Growth in the 
local society as well as throughout 
the general ranks in its wide field 
justified the erection of an edifice of 
its own in 1S94, and in May of that 
year the corner stone was laid of The 
First Church of Christ, Scientist, in 
Boston. January 6, of the following, 
winter, the church was dedicated, 
and was presented to Mrs. Eddy by 
her large following as a testimonial 
of gratitude. The gift, however, was 
declined, and through her generosity 
it passed into the hands of its many 
thousand members, who own it bene- 
ficially. As the Boston society typi- 
fies the Church of Christ, Scientist, 
at large, it needs only to be authen- 



266 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



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director of all 
aud bv-laws. 



Christian Science Hall, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Concord, N. H. 



tically portrayed to express it in 
its entirety throughout the United 
States, Canada, and in foreign coun- 
tries. While it represents the denom- 
ination as a whole, 
some of the charac- 
teristics which apper- 
tain exclusively to 
this society are suffi- 
ciently distinct from 
all the others to con- 
stitute an individual- 
ity in the vine to rr 
which the branches 
are identified in 
greater or less de- 
gree, according to 
the requirements of 
Christian Science, 
and the modifying 
influences of those 
centres and localities 



in which they are to be 
found. The Boston 
church, which may be 
considered as headquar- 
ters for this rapidly wid- 
ening system of religious 
service throughout the 
world, based upon a 
pu rely met a physical 
standard of Biblical in- 
terpretation, has the dis- 
tinction of being the 
pioneer organization, and 
preeminently it leads in 
the movement. More- 
over, the code of ethics, 
the articles of faith or 
Tenets of the church, its 
ecclesiastical modifica- 
tions and restrictions, 
together with whatever 
comprises its theological 
essence, emanate from 
the Boston church, of 
which Mrs. Eddy is the Pastor 
Emeritus and the author and active 



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its governing laws 









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The fi 



- 
ster Service heid in Christian Science Hall, Corcord, N. H. 



4MONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



267 



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First C 



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- 



First Church of Christ. Scientist. 
ristian Science Edifice on the Pacific Coas 



The Tenets of the Church of Christ, 
Scientist, are uniform throughout the 
world, and are contained in the ;> Man- 
ual" of the Mother Church. By 
permission, printed copies of them are 
inserted in the chinch books of the continued to maintain a position rela- 



5. Universal Salvation as 
demonstrated by Jesus, the 
Galilean prophet, in the 
power of Truth over all er- 

|Uj ror, sin, sickness, and death ; 
:; •" and the resurrection of hu- 
man faith and understand- 
H ing to seize the great possi- 
\j bilities and living energies 
-.3 of the divine Life. 

6. We solemnly promise 
to strive, watch, and pray 
for that Mind to be in us 
which was also in Christ 

Jesus, to love one another, and to 
be meek, merciful, just, and pure. 

THE PASTOR EMERITUS. 

Rev. Mary Baker G. Eddy has 



branch organizations. They are here 
given by courtesy of their author, 
Rev. Mary Baker G. 
Eddy : 

1. As adherents of 
Truth, we take the 
Scriptures for our guide / 
to eternal Life. ' .;. 

2. We acknowledge 

and adore one Supreme : . ^... '0r, 

Infinite God. We ac- V"* f» J 

knowledge one Christ, *■ ':: 

the Hoh Ghost, and ^ 

man as the Divine 

image and likeness. " i - ' 

3. God's forgiveness ; -. . .-;-!""""■" 
of sin, in the destruc- : , , j 
tion of sin, and the un- 
derstanding that sin and J — ! 
suffering are not eternal. 

4. The atonement as 
the efficacy, and evi- 
dence of divine Love, of 
man's unity with God, 
and the great merits of 
Jesus, the Way- shower. 



live to the vast numbers of Christian 
Scientists who have grown up within 



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First Church cf Christ, Sc 



London. England 



268 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



the last quarter of a century similar 
to that occupied by the leading offi- 
cial or guiding intelligence of any 
other corporate body. She is the 
author of the Manual, which con- 
tains the articles of government for 



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First Church of Christ, Sc 



Lcr.dor,, Ontario 



the Mother church on which all 
other branches of the denomination 
throughout the world are modelled. 
In this Manual is an account of the 
meeting of the first Christian Science 
association, which met in 1S79, when 
upon Mrs. Eddy's proposal, resolu- 
tions were passed to "organize a 
church designed to commemorate the 
word and works of our Master, which 
should reinstate primitive Christian- 
ity and its lost element of healing." 
To this result she gave the land 
in Boston, valued at about twenty 
thousand dollars, upon which the 
original church stands,, and has ac- 
tively directed all the important foot- 
steps of the church from its inception. 
At Pleasant View, her residence in 
the suburbs of Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, she is daily in correspondence 
and touch with the movement, cover- 



ing its entire field from Occident to 
Orient, and although she rarely ap- 
pears before the public in a personal 
capacity, her continued contributions 
to the official publications of the 
denomination, the Ckfistia?i Science 
Quarterly, in which the 
"■ ~"x>: lesson sermon for each 
week is contained, and 
the Journal and Sentinel \ 
monthly and weekly pe- 
riodicals edited by Chris- 
tian Scientists, and com- 
posed of bright reading 
matter with authentic in- 
formation pertaining to 
all topics of interest con- 
nected with the work, 
testify to the fact that 
she is on the field of 
action in leading com- 
mand. Christian Science 
has been built up first 
and last to its present 
influential capacity and great follow- 
ing of above five hundred thousand 
adherents, through the courage, en- 
ergy, and enlightenment of this one 
woman, whose capability and wis- 
dom have been inspirational to those 
laboring in its ranks. 

Her first discovery of the funda- 
mental principle of Christian Science 
occurred in 1S66 in Lynn, Mass., an 
understanding of which has enabled 
her to preserve her own health in a 
remarkable degree, presenting in 
practical illustration the living virtue 
of this curative means as an exact 
science based upon Scriptural truth. 
This discernment of the import of 
the Word she has reduced to a com- 
prehensive analysis, in her work, 
11 Science and Health with Key to 
the Scriptures," which has become 
the denominational text-book, now 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



269 



near its two hundredth edition, of one 
thousand copies. Her writings have 
met with an extraordinary degree 
of popularity, all pessimistic prophe- 
cies and predictions to the contrary 
notwithstanding. Annually, an address 
is read from the pulpit of the Mother 
church from her pen, and it brings 
thousands of her followers, and large 
numbers of interested inquirers from 
all parts of the world, to Boston. 

As the moving spirit in this sys- 
tem of religion in the Boston society, 



in the larger cities for an afternoon 
or evening service, which is a repeti- 
tion of that of the morning, to hear a 
lesson sermon prepared by a commit- 
tee. The subjects for these lesson- 
sermons are chosen by the Pastor 
Emeritus. The texts and selections 
from the Scriptures are chosen and 
arranged by the committee, with 
corresponding explanatory passages 
from the text-book, "Science and 
Health with Key to the Scriptures," 
interpreting the lesson from the spir- 



under the direction of the Pastor itual or metaphysical standpoint of 
Emeritus, centres what- 






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ever is of vital signifi- 
cance to all of its 
branches, and as the 
pioneer, the principal 
historic interest attach- 
ing to the subject of 
metaphysics in its rela- 
tion to Christianity sur- 
rounds what is popu- 
larly known as the 
Mother church. 

THE MOTHER CHURCH. 



Perhaps in no one 
particular has the Chris- 
tian Science service di- 
verged more radically 
from that of other Chris- 
tian churches than in 
the fact that no sermon 
is personally preached 
from the pulpit .. during 
its devotional ceremon- 
ies. The congregation, 

made up, for the most part, of mem- Christian Science. This lesson is read 
bers of evangelical churches, who alternately from the books, the Bible 
have experienced either physical or and the text-book, by two readers, a 
moral healing, or both, through the man and a woman. No personal ex- 
doctrine of Christian Science, assem- planation of the lesson is made dur- 
ble for from one hour to an hour ing the entire service, the books 
and a half on Sunday mornings, and offering their own interpretation. 



First Church of Christ, Scientist, 




AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



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Firs; Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago. 

In 1S95, Mrs. Eddy ordained the 
Bible and " Science and Health with 
Key to the Scriptures" the pastor 
over this church throughout the 
world, enjoining upon all followers to 
center thought upon the import of 
the Word in the Scriptures and its 
spiritual signification. Preceding 
and following the lesson- sermon, the 



service consists of silent prayer, 

the singing of hymns, the repe- 

£# titiou of the "Lord's Prayer" 

'■: with its spiritual interpretation, 

given by Mrs. Eddy, reading 

of a definition given in " Science 

and Health," called the " Scien- 

1 title Statement of Being," and 

concludes with a benediction. 

This beautiful idea of silent 

i 

_ j prayer, used by all of the 
'] Christian Science churches, 
has met with widespread ap- 
j preciation. At the Parliament 
of Religions, held at Chicago 
M in 1S93, it was used at its ses- 
sions, and brought to each par- 
% ticipant an individual commun- 
ing with God and a uniform 
sill unvoiced offering to Him. The 
service is a simple, impressive, 
notably peaceful presentation 
and explanation of Ploly Writ, in 
its larger, more advanced meanings, 
characterized by an impersonality 
and proportionate increase in spir- 
ituality both convincing and satisfy- 
ing. 

Many an infidel has been converted 
to a love of the Bible b}- simply read- 
ing: " Science and Health." A touch- 






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Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago. 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES, 



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ing instance of such conversion is that 
of a superintendent of schools and his 
wife in Des Moines, la. Neither hus- 
band nor wife gave the slightest cre- 
dence to the Scriptures until they 
read "Science and Health." when 
the Bible at once took its 
rightful place in their hearts 
and home and the gentleman 
soon addressed his hearers so 
feelingly on the teachings of 
Christ that they wept. 

Another instance is that of 
a gentleman in Detroit, Mich., 
who was an avowed infidel. 
After continued study of 
"Science and Health," for 
a period of eighteen months, 
a complete change of thought 
resulted, as he learned what 
God is, and his relationship 
to Him. 

Through the teachings of F 
Christian Science there has 
been a great increase in the 
circulation and sales of the 
Bible. Dwigfct L. Moody 
said in Denver, Col. (as pub- 
lished in the Concord Evening Mon- 
itor), that there never has been so 
much interest taken in the Bible 
since the world began as now. Dur- 
ing the last three years there have 
been more Bibles sold than in all 
the other 1,893 years. 

There are no deans, deacons, ves- 
trymen, or other clergy in the gen- 
eral acceptation of the word, con- 
nected with the Christian Science 
church, and the service and the les- 
son are identical the world over. 
The officers of the church consist 
of the Pastor Emeritus, a board of 
directors, a president, the readers, 
a clerk, and a treasurer, who, in 
connection with various boards, con- 



duct the work and official business 
of the church. 

All the officers of this church re- 
ceive salaries except the Pastor 
Emeritus, who declines to accept 
anv remuneration for her services. 






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-i—-.- ' ■■■ '.-.,. : ...J. ■'.-■'. 17 :.'i »>w*=''S.-- ** : ■J.-toA .-~i-j> ■■,.'. «& ...~ 

First Church of Christ, Scientist, Atlanta, Ga. 

During 1S94 the handsome Roman- 
esque edifice, known as the Mother 
church, was erected in the Backbay 
district of Boston, at the junction of 
Norway with Falmouth streets, at a 
ccst exceeding two hundred and 
twenty thousand dollars. The Moth- 
er church, or The First Church of 
Christ, Scientist, in Boston, has, in 
May, 1900, above sixteen thousand 
members, rapidly increasing, and con- 
nected with it are the Massachu- 
setts Metaphysical college, of which 
Mrs. Eddy is president, and the 
Christian Science Publishing socie- 
ty. The college class-rooms are 
in the church edifice, and its offi- 
cers are composed of a president and 



272 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



a board of education, comprising" a 
corps of teachers who arc graduates 
with degrees from this college, as 
well as alumni from American uni- 
versities. Soon after the annual 
communion held in the Mother 
church in June, the college 



its summer term, and 
graduates receive degrees 



opens for 
twenty-one 

as bach- 
elors of Christian Science. The 
publication society connected with 
the Mother church is equipped with 
an editorial staff and a board of 



FIELD WORK. 

Wealth and social influence in the 
Christian Science church are not con- 
fined to the church in Boston. In 
all of the larger American cities, and 
already in several foreign capitals, 
although it is little more than thirty 
years since the subject was first pre- 
sented, costly churches, many of 
them architectural gems, have grown 
up with encouraging and unusual 
rapidity, and they are very largely 
characterized in membership, by local 



trustees from the ranks of Christian representative men and women, intel- 
Scicnce. They are in charge of all iectually, socially, and professionally. 
authorized literature of the denomina- One of the unwritten laws of the 

Christian Science denomina- 
7 tion is that no church shall be 
1 dedicated which has a debt. 
Volumes might be written 
I in commendation of this wise 
precept, illustrated in ex- 
| ample, for, notwithstanding 
the pointed morale of this 
rule, about five hundred 
branch churches, free from 
liabilities, have already 
I been established, and many 
T\ ' $ .,'.-- . I-. i .-,v- :; °f tae larger cities through- 

I I '■ ■; | *-:...-.' , •■-.-';? out this country contain 
more than one church. For 
instance, greater New York 
has seven, Chicago already 
has five, while Washington, 
Philadelphia, and many oth- 
er cities of similar inipor- 
i tance have not less than 
two and three, yet a quar- 
ter of a century since the 
subject was unknown, 
tion, all of Mrs. Eddy's works being These branch organizations, each of 
published by the business manager, which has its own individual by-laws 
This part of the work is by no means and form of self-government, have 
" an unimportant department of the uniform services, and connected with 
church, and is a source of a vast them are Christian Science institutes, 
amount of good. where graduates of the Massachusetts 



25 * 



First Church of Christ. Scientist, New York City. 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES, 



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Second Cnurch of Christ, Scientist, New York Ct 



Metaphysical college at the present 
time are permitted to teach two yearlj r 
classes, and certificates are given to 
pupils of these schools, though not 
degrees, as there is but one legally 
chartered college of metaphysics ex- 
tant, that connected with The First 
Church of Christ, Scientist, in Bos- 
ton. 

To express the liberal form of in- 
dividuality and self-government ac- 
corded the branch organizations, the 
following by-law, through courtesy 
of the Pastor Emeritus, it is my 
privilege to publish. 

CHURCH -BY-LAW. 
By Maty Baker G. Eddy. 

" Only the Christian Science Board 
of Directors and the First Reader of 
the Mother Church, shall be present 
at meetings for the examination of 
complaints against Church members. 
Only the Board of Directors and the 



First Reader shall confer or vote on 
cases of complaints and church dis- 
cipline. A complaint against a mem- 
ber of the Mother Church, if said 
member belongs to no other churchy 
shall be laid before this Board, and 
within thirty days thereafter, the 
clerk of the Church shall address a 
letter of inquiry to the member com- 
plained of, as to its validity. 

" If the previous Christian character 
of the accused member is good, his 
reply to the clerk contradicting the 
accusations, or his confession thereof 
and compliance with our Church 
Rules, shall be sufficient on behalf of 
said member for the Board to dismiss 
the subject, and the clerk of the 
Church shall immediately so inform 
him. Also, the complainant shall 
cease to speak ill of him, or be sub- 
ject to discipline and dismissal from 
this Church. No cards shall be re- 
moved from our periodicals except 



74 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



by a majority vote of the Christian 
Science Board of Directors and First 
Reader, at a meeting of the Mother 
Church held for this purpose, or for 
the examination of complaints. No 
Church discipline shall ensue until 
the requirements, according to the 



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JB 



First Church of Christ, Scientist, Minneapolis, M 

Scripture, Matthew 18:15, 16, have 
been strict!}' obeyed. 

"A member of the Mother Church, 
and a member or the Reader of a 
Branch Church of Christ, Scientist, 
shall not send to the Mother Church 
a complaint against another member 
of a Branch Church. Each Church 
shall separately and independently 
discipline its own members — if this 
sad necessity ever occurs." 

In all of the branch churches are 
to be found Christian Science prac- 
titioners, the body of their congrega- 
tions being to a considerable extent 
practising Scientists, although all do 
not practise professionally. One of 
the dominant ideas of the doctrine 
is that a right understanding of the 
Word of God so enables an indi- 
vidual to apply it that it becomes 



both physician and spiritual guide. 
Large numbers of families employ 
neither doctors of medicine nor of 
divinity for their temporal and spir- 
itual needs, turning in all times of 
physical or mental adversity to the 
practical application of what their 
text-books, the Bible and 
, > .. ; ~;; its metaphysical expla- 
5 nation in Christian 
Science works, teach, 
for "every ill that flesh 
is heir to." Records 
show that whole families 
are not only cared for 
" in this manner, and are 
living witnesses of the 
moral and health-giving 
power of the system, but 
many of them in all lo- 
calities accomplish much 
prayerful healing work 
outside their own partic- 
ular firesides and cen- 
tres among the sick and 
the sinful. The work is all so quiet- 
ly done, with so little heralding or 
trumpeting of any sort, except in oc- 
casional cases where this system as 
a religion is misunderstood, that a 
stranger may justly marvel at the 
great congregations which gather in 
many of these churches at all seasons 
of the year, pnd through all condi- 
tions and variations of the elements, 
and wonder why he has never known 
of it before. There is but one ad- 
vertising medium authorized for 
Christian Science practitioners, the 
monthly magazine issued by the 
Christian Science Publishing society 
in Boston, entitled The Christian Sci- 
ence Journal which is a director}* of 
the permanent addresses where Sci- 
entists may be found, and not a 
means of soliciting any special atten- 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



2/5 



tiou. Most of the advanced 

Christian Scientists have 
large practices, abiding by 
the precept, "and I, if I 
be lifted up, will draw all 
men unto me," and that 
not less important injunc- 
tion, "Heal the sick," also 
11 if any among you is sick, 
let him call on the elders 
of the church, and let them 
pray over him, and the 



4*> * 






■ 



\ 









prayer oi 



faith shall save 



the sick, and if he have com- 
mitted sins they shall be 
forgiven him." This faith Christian 
Science interprets to mean a rational 
understanding of the Word of God 
in its direct application to all the 
w r orld's need, "a very present help 
in trouble." 

The church work of this denomina- 
tion extends the length and breadth 
of the United States, throughout 
Canada, and already it has an influ- 
ential following, and a substantial 
footing in Europe. Especially is 
this true of England, Scotland, Ger- 
many, and latterly in France. 

This movement has a larg:e follow- 



■ 



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. 






Church of Christ, Scientist. Oconto, W\ 
First church ez-er built for Christian Science 



ssiiaJMiiii • .■'. ■.^■■-± v,_ Ja ; ^..x: . r. . ^asstfa&wgSsa^ 
First Church of Christ, Scientist, Peoria, Ills. 

ing in Germany, and, as elsewhere, 
is growing rapidly. Among the first 
to visit Frau Peterson, Christian 
Science practitioner of Hannover, for 
ht:lp was the nephew of the famous 
Count Von Moltke, the great field- 
marshal of the German empire. Herr 
von Moltke w T as completely healed of 
long-standing ailments, for which he 
had in vain sought far and wide for 
relief. His restoration to health was 
so remarkable that it attracted wide- 
spread interest in the court circles of 
the empire, and among others who 
became interested is the sister of the 
Emperor William, who 
is now reading " Scieuce 
and Health" with' in- 
terest and profit. 

Herr Von Moltke, 
thoroughly convinced 
from careful study and 
from his own practical 
experience, of the trust- 
worthiness of the Christ- 
ly religion which had 
healed him, identified 
himself with the move- 
ment, and, being a tal- 
ented musician of excep- 
worship. tional ability, gladly 



■ \, ■ | 

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2 7 6 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



gave his services as soloist for the 
religious services of First Church of 
Christ, Scientist, in Hannover. 

The studious habits, the profound 
scholarship, the kindly nature, and 
the simple faith of the German peo- 



First Church of Christ 



Kansas City. Mo 



pie. make easy the acceptance of the 
Christ Science which Mrs. Eddy has 
named Christian Science. 

In the past, only the State church 
of Germany has had a charter from 
the government. On application, 
however, from the Christian Scien- 
tists, an exception was made in then 
favor.. Apart from the State church 
this is the only denomination which 
has ever been granted a charter by 
the empire. 

Cases of healing have occurred so 
frequently at the meetings of this 
Hannover church that now people 



attend their sen-ices for that purpose, 
and their simple faith is thus mani- 
fested. 

The gratitude of the German peo- 
ple for benefits received, and their 
profound reverence and esteem for 
the Founder and Dis- 
coverer of Christian 
Science is espeeiall}- 
marked and notable. 
This gratitude found 
expression in the pre- 
sentation of the gift for 
which Frau Peterson 
visited Concord in 1.S99. 
. This copy of the Holy 
Scriptures, presented to 
Mrs. Eddy by the peo- 
.:'■- pie of Hannover, 

... ... through Frau Giinther 

Peterson, which is a 
9 rare specimen of the 
printer's and bookbind- 
,| er's art, is substantially 
bound in leather with 
rich silver trimmings 
and clasp, upon the 
latter of which is en- 
graved the name of 
Mrs. FMdy. 

From the title page 
one learns that the sacred work is a 
translation of the Holy Scriptures ac- 
cording to Martin Luther, and con- 
tains thirty fine engravings upon Old 
Testament subjects by the great mas- 
ters, and fifteen rare engravings on 
the life of Jesus by the world-famous 
artist, Heinrich Hofmann. 

A handsome illuminated page has 
been inserted, which in beautiful 
German text reads as follows : " The 
members of First Church of Christ, 
Scientist, in Hanuover, Germany, in 
profound esteem, present this volume 
to their beloved Teacher and Lead- 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



2 11 



er." Then follow the names of the 
■donors. 

In connection with this expression 
of love and gratitude for the physi- 
cal and spiritual healing that has 
come to these reverent people 
through Mrs. Eddy is an interest- 
ing incident. One of the early stu- 
dents of Mrs. Eddy was a German, 
and to him Mrs. Eddy said, " Ger- 
many will be the first European na- 
tion to accept Christian Science. 
Their love of God, their profound 
religious character, their deep faith, 
and strong intellectual qualities make 
them particularly receptive to Chris- 
tian vScience." In the presence of 
this prized gilt it is seen that this 
prophecy is being fulfilled. 

These facts lelating to the work in 
Germany are given by courtesy of 
the Christian Science Sen fin el of 
January 4, 1900, selected 
from the Concord Evening- 
Monitor. 

One of the interesting 
■departments of the church 
work is the \Yedt1esda3' 
evening meeting of each 
week, at which experi- 
ences and various infor- 
mation relating to this 
new field of metaphysical 
labor are given by those 
who have been healed 
mo rail j' and physically. 
These earnest, straight- 
forward statements of • 
facts, carry with them a 
weight of irrefutably sound logic, 
persuasive reasoning, and good com- 
mon sense, that have appealed 
strongly to the public in favor of 
this method of interpreting the Bible. 

Christian Science is essentially a 
religion of the home, fostering that 

xxviii— 20 



m -p 



which tends in its highest and most 
tender sense and relationship to hal- 
low the ties of kinship and the 
sacreduess of that most powerful 
centre for good on earth. The 
church in all its avenues of labor 
to-day is a potent influence in fur- 
thering this wholesome purpose of a 
charity which begins at home, and 
\\\ expressing along broad lines the 
unity and peaceableness of that no- 
blest of doctrines, One God and 
Father of all, and that God, impartial 
Love, before whom mankind is en- 
joined to have none other. The cen- 
tral doctrine of Christian Science is a 
powerful reemphasis of that sweetest 
of messages to a heavy-laden hu- 
manity, pea.ee and good will on earth, 
and its churches are designed to 
disseminate more freely than could 
otherwise be achieved, a spiritual 



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it Church cf Christ, Scientist, Salt Lake City. 



m 

m 



understanding of the most practical 
means and methods of establishing 
this vital law of Truth in the hearts 
of men. 

CHURCH BUILT BY CIIIJ.DKTCX. 

One of the most interesting; of all 



27S 



AMONG THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE CHURCHES. 



the Christian Science edifices is a lit- 
tle church built in Wisconsin, which 
is entirely the work of children. In 
Christian Science Sunday-schools 
the little ones are taught equally 
with their elders always to look 
alone to Divine Love as their source 
of supply, knowing that God sends 
all good in His own time and way. 
However youthful, each 
child is taught prayer- 
full}' to demonstrate this 
simple but mighty truth. 
Upon the strength of this 
precept, a little band of 
young folks went prayer- 
fully to work to build 
them a house which 
should be worthy of their 
God of Love, a suitable 
home in which to wor- 
ship Him at their Sun- 
day and Wednesday 
service. Within a very 
short time these little 
people, through their 
own understanding of Divine Love, 
had secured a convenient building- 
lot, and had a fund started for 
building purposes. Each child de- 
voted prayerful thought and effort to 
the work, earning and contributing 
sums by his own efforts, and through 
those whom he succeeded in interest- 
ing in the cause. Building ma- 
terials as well as money were from 
time to time contributed until a suf- 
ficient amount of cash was on hand, so 
that the children's treasury was filled 
and their building plot was converted 
into a very business-like progressive 
section of the little town of Schofield. 
Through earnest prayer, unabating 
faith, and effort, little by little the 
structure was reared, and equipped 
with all the necessary conveniences 



for Christian service, presenting with- 
in and without a neat and tasteful 
house of worship. All of its officers 
save the First Reader, are children, 
and their books and accounts are 
kept and their business transacted as 
officially and with as much careful- 
ness and precision as are given to 
church matters among their grown- 









First Church of Christ, Scientist, White Mountains, N. H. 



up relatives and friends. There is a 
president, a clerk, a treasurer, and 
two Readers, all of whom, with but 
the one exception, are chosen from 
among the children. Their Sunday 
service is conducted in all the sweet 
simplicity and artlessness of the pure 
in heart, and the clear, trustful earn- 
estness of this pioneer work demon- 
strated by these guileless little lives 
is both touching and mightily signi- 
ficant of the fulfilment of Isaiah's 
poetic and beautiful prophecy of a 
coming time of innocence and peace 
on earth when 

" The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, 
And the leopard shall lie down with the kid, 
And the calf and the young lion and the fat- 
ling together, 
And a little child shall lead them." 



an 



DERELICT AND FORTUNE-FAVORED. 

By Frederick J. Allen. 

From some far shore, some orient clime of hope 
And glorious vision, they embarked upon 
Life's mighty sea, and boldly faced the west 
Where lie the heights of power and happiness 
That men have song at in all the ages past. 

Ere yet the sun had climbed the morning sky, 

Or noon's fierce heat had fallen, their ways diverged. 

It was no choice, they thought, of good or ill, 

Of dark or light ; but duty sternly called, 

That strong task-master of the lives of men. 

The one, whose bark was frail, a storm o'ertook, 
And striking drove across the pathless waves, 
And year by year relentless gales assailed ; 
Fighting with fate, tossed by the elements, 

Though sometimes hearing voices in the sky 
And catching glimpses of the far off peaks, 
His course was ever in the storm king's track. 
His fellowmen e'er passed him by and said : 

Behold a dor I id upon life's sea, 

Adrift, a/oue, unheeded let him be. 

But favoring winds w r afted the other bark 
Through summer seas, among the isles of peace ; 
Fulfilled were early hopes, and power came, 
And happiness that looketh not beyond. 
And now men said, with envy and applause : 

Behold his fortune whom the gods make great, 

His argosies of gold, his kingly state. 

But in the consummation of God's plan, 
Unfolding through the ages, nothing fails 
Which His omniscience plantcth in the earth ; 
No hope He placeth in the human heart 
Shall utterly die out, no vision cease. 

Call none supremely blest who giveth not 
■ His goods and self to bless his brother's lot; 
Call no man derelict ; he shall arise 
Victorious in defeat, heir of the skies. 



Ae6 



O SPRING, I LOVE THEE BEST. 
By Hervey Lucius Woodward. 

O Spring, thou comest — welcome guest-- 
Of all the year I love thee best ! 
Thy promises do not withhold, 
Bring gifts to me, yea, manifold; 
My pulses quicken, — break the spell 
That holds my Soul, my citadel. 

Thy laughter and thy lightsome mood 
From cares of earth my thoughts have wooed 
Thy whispered words of love intense 
Have won me in their innocence, 
As from thy throat bright beads of dew 
Flash back those forms my fancy drew. 







TRAILING ARBUTUS. 
By Charles Henry Chesley. 

The gentle penitence of x-Vpril rain, 

The warning winds that blow from southern leas, 

The sweetness of the perfume-laden breeze, 
The grass blades wakening adown the lane, 
The smiling vernal greenness of the plain ; 

And in the wood, behold ! the bluebird sees 

A pearly gem beneath the piny trees, 
The lovely arbutus, nor proud nor vain. 

Sweet flower, first of springtime's goodly store, 

I love thee best of all thy lovely race. 
Thou art the largess that the Pilgrims found 
Upon the bleak and lonely Plymouth shore ; 

And even now thy morning-tinted face 
Redeems the glens and makes them hallowed ground 



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. . . , . ^ 






Peterborough Town Library. 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

//>' James F. Br en nan. 



THE PIONEER 



f^KBIEW HAMPSHIRE has been 
1 %i i correctly termed ''The 
I PJj Mother of the Free Public 
SBSB gl Library System," 1 and no 
prouder or worthier boast could be 
advanced by any commonwealth. 
The growth of free libraries, co-exten- 
sive with the advancement of popular 
education, serves as a reliable indi- 
cator of the progress of a people. 
When libraries were confined to the 
highly educated, aristocratic, and 
opulent, the}' were exclusively pri- 
vate, but as schools became free and 
resultant popular education followed, 
the demand for public libraries arose ; 
hence it is that the present century 
witnessed the establishment and rapid 
growth of these twin institutions, 
which have proven such important 

1,1 The Library Movement in New Hampshire," 
by Louise Fitz, Granite Monthly, volume 15, 
page 349- 



factors in the intellectual improve- 
ment of mankind, and, while free 
public libraries were of comparatively 
recent origin in America, their es- 
tablishment here, nevertheless, ante- 
dated that of any other country 
among English- speaking people. 
Edward Edwards, in his treatise on 
"Free Town Libraries" (London, 
1S69), says: "In the course of the 
rapidly increasing attention bestowed 
throughout almost all parts of Ameri- 
ca upon public libraries as powerful 
and indispensable instruments of civi- 
lization, it could hardly fail, but that 
such attention should fasten itself at 
length, sooner or later, upon the 
municipal action of incorporated 
towns, as offering the best of all 
machinery for making free libraries 
thoroughly progressive and perma- 
nent. This point of view came 



2S2 



PETERBOROUGH TOWX LIBRARY. 



eventually into clearness and promi- 
nence, but only by very slow de- 
grees." 

The precursors of the public library 
were the semi-public social libraries, 
which were owned by associations, 
their use being frequently restricted 
to membership, or a small charge be- 
ing made for the use of books, while 
in others the free use of the books to 
the inhabitants of the school district 
or town was given ; the first of this 
class chartered by the state was the 
Dover Social Library, incorporated 
in 1792. Then came the Tamworth 
Social Library, incorporated in 1796, 
and in 1797 twenty libraries of this 
character were incorporated, compris- 
ing Amherst, Boscawen, Canterbury, 
Chester, Cornish. Deering, Dublin, 
Exeter, Fiizwilliam, Gilsum, Hills- 
borough, Jaffrey, Lyme, Meriden, 
New Durham, Hudson, Nelson, San- 
bornton, Temple, and Wakefield and 
Brookfield combined ; nearly as many 
more were incorporated by the next 
legislature. The Peterborough So- 
cial Library was incorporated by an 
act approved December 21, 1799. 
Only a very few of these libraries were 
entirely free to all the inhabitants, 
and none partook of the nature of a 
public institution supported by pub- 
lic tax : none indeed was a public 
library in the proper and accepted 
sense, 1 and not until April 9, 1833, 



'"The term public Library has come to have a 
restricted and technical meaning. . . . It is es- 
tablished by state laws, is supported by local taxa- 
tion and voluntary gifts, is managed as a public 
trust, and every citizen of the city or town which 
maintains it has an equal share iii it-- privileges." 
W. F. Poole, in a volume on Public Libraries, pub- 
lished by the United States Bureau of Education in 
1876, page 477- " By town library I menu a library 
which is the property of the town itself and enjoy- 
able by all toe townspeople. Such a library must 
be both freely, and, of right, accessible and se- 
curely permanent, it mu-t unite direct responsi- 
bility of management with assured means oJ sup- 
port. No such library existed in the United King- 
dom until after the passing of the Libraries Act. 
in i?50." •' Memoirs of Libraries," by Edward 
Edwards (London, 1869), page 214. 



did the full fruition of the idea of a 
public library obtain, by the estab- 
lishment of the Peterborough Town 
Library as the pioneer and progeni- 
tor, which has since been supported 
from public funds and annual town 
appropriations, aided by private 
funds given to the town, and man- 
aged through officers elected by the 
town ; a free public library patron- 
ized by the people and supported by 
them. 2 

The new idea, exemplified in the 
establishment of this library, was not 
merely that it was a library to which 
the public had free access ; such li- 
braries indeed already existed ; but 
the grand idea then born into exis- 
tence was the direct identification of 
the library with the people, who be- 



2 John Eaton, LL- D., United States Commissioner 
of Education, writes under date of July 22, 1876: 
" So far as the bureau is at present advised Peter- 
borough may rightly claim the honor of having 
established the first free town library in the 
United States." Nathaniel H. Morison, LL- D., 
Provost of the Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Md., 
in a letter dated January 6. 1884, published in the 
Christian Registry of January 17, 1SS4, and the 
Peterborough Transcript of January 24, 1884, 
writes : " Permit me to correct a statement made 
by ; X. P. G.' in his notice of Rev. John Burt Wight 
in the Register of January 3. He speaks of the 
Wayland Library as the 'oldest public library in 
the United States.' This is a mistake by many 
years. The U'ayland Library was founded in 
184S (see ' Public Libraries in the United States,' 
page 1864), while the town library of Peterborough. 
X. H., was established by vote of the town. April 
9, 1$.;.?. See Dr. Albeit Smith's ' History of Peter- 
borough.' page nS, where the question of priority 
in free public libraries is fully discussed. The 
honor of having suggested, advocated, and carried 
through the Peterborough town meeting this im- 
portant measure, which established the first free 
public library in the world— that is. the first 
libraty supported by public taxation, and free to 
all the inhabitants of the district taxed. — belongs, 
as I well remember, to Rev. Abiel Abbot, D. D., 
then the Unitarian minister of that town, an earn- 
est friend of education, of public improvements, 
and of all good works, many of which, like the 
library, the academy, the trees along the village 
street and some of the public roads "planted by a 
' Tree Society.' founded by him, still survive to 
attest the wisdom, the zeal, the beneficent influ- 
ence, and the active usefulness of this good pas- 
tor, whose memory is yet fresh and green in the 
hearts of the small surviving remnant of those 
who profited by his instructions. The honor of 
having founded the first free public library on this 
planet — the proudest event in their history — can- 
not be taken from tlie town that passed the vote- 
April 9. 1833, or from the man in whose fertile 
brain the measure originated, without positive 
proof that such a library had been established 
elsewhere previous to that vote." 

See also the excellent article of Herbert \V. Denio, 
A. M., on the " Library Legislation in New Hamp- 
shire," Granite Monthly, volume 26, page 176. 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 



■;-vt^;~;^ ; .v^^r- "' - ' 






t i 

I 



Rev. Able! Abbott. 

came at once its supporters as well as 
its patrons ; being- the first recogni- 
zatiou anywhere, among English- 
speaking people, of the library as an 
institution worthy of maintenance b} T 
public tax, owned and managed by 
the people, who thereby ceased to be 
mendicants to private munificence 



and tastes. It was the first step to 
take the library from the less compre- 
hensive and less staple private con- 
trol and place it as a public institu- 
tion upon the broad and secure plane 
of municipal care ; it was, in short, 
the first true public library, as the 
term has since that time been ac- 
cepted and adopted in the United 
States and elsewhere. 

Until the year 1849, no law existed 
under which money could be legally 
raised by a public tax, or appropri- 
ated from any public fund, for the 
support of public libraries, other than 
that of the literary fund. This fund, 
which is a tax on the capital stock 
of banks, was created by act of the 
legislature of 1821, and was originally 
intended for the endowment of a state 
university, but its provisions were 
changed in 1828 by an act providing 
that it should be divided annually 
among the several towns, and "ap- 
plied to the maintenance of common 



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Vie'* from L'o.-ariar.'s Alcove. 



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PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 



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Reading Room, facins 



schools or to other purposes of edu- 
cation." Practically the same lan- 
guage was continued in all the re- 
visions of the statutes down to the 
adoption of the Public Statutes of 
1891, when the clause, "or to other 
purposes of education," was elimin- 
ated ; hence, no authority is now 
given for the appropriation of any 
part of the literary fund for any but 
strictly school purposes. It was un- 
der this act of 1S21, creating this 
fund, that the public library — being 
deemed a "purpose of education," 
as contemplated by the legislature- 
was given, by vote of the town, part 
of the literary fund. Two years after 
the establishment of this library the 
library committee, in 1835, reported: 
' : We think that the money could not 
have been better appropriated by the 
town for the purposes of education, 
as those who have left the common 
schools have the means of continuing 
their education, and all who have 



leisure have advantages of improve- 
ment." No other town in the state 
had adopted this interpretation, af- 
terwards so universally accepted, of 
the act of 1821, and none took ad- 
vantage of its provisions for the sup- 
port of a public library until long 
afterwards. It was the success of 
the Peterborough Town Library and 
the recognization of the justice and 
wisdom of the principle there enun- 
ciated, — namely, that a public library 
should be supported by the public, — 
which led up to the special act em- 
bodying this theory. 1 Thus, on July 



1 " Peterborough, in o.;;. voted to employ a cer- 
tain sum of money (which, having been raised by 
state taxation on banks, was distributed to the 
towns by the state to be used for some educational 
purpose; in the purchase of books for a town 
library to be free to the people of the town. This 
action antedates by sixteen years the first law (that 
of New Hampshire) providing for town support of 
libraries, and it seems quite likely that it docs 
present the fir^t case of a free library supported 
by public funds. ... In the absence of direct 
evidence for or against the theory, it is easy to 
believe that the success of this experiment was 
hi rgely instrumental in bringing about the legi->In- 
tiou of I--;), by which New Hampshire, first of all 
the states, favored the establishment of free town 
libraries." '"Public Libraries in America," by 
William I. Fletcher, pages 102 and 103. 



PETERBOROUGH TOIVA 7 LIBRARY 



2$- 




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.'■•' is* s 



Reading Room, facing Ec 



7, 1849, an act of the legislature was 
approved, "providing for the estab- 
lishment of public libraries," being 
the first legislative act of its charac- 
ter in the United States 1 ; under this 
law most of the older public libraries 
of our state have been established and 
since continued by direct taxation. 

The matter of disposing of Peter- 
borough's share of the literary fund 
was a subject of much discussion in 
town-meetings from the time of its 
creation, in 1 821, to the time of the 
establishment of the town library, 
April 9, 1S33, when the following 
votes were passed : 



'''New Hampshire gained the honor of leader- 
ship by enacting a law in {#49 authorizing: towns 
to tyrant money to establish and maintain public 
libraries, the amount of such grants being fixed by 
the voters of the respective towns. Libraries so 
formed and maintained arc exempt from taxation. 
Before the passage of this law the town of Peter- 
borough had, by a vote ol April 9. 1S33. established 
a town library, and in that year set apart from its 
share of bank tax, the proceeds of which are (lis 
tributed among the towns of the state fo b* used 
for literary purposes, $66^4, to buy books." "Pub- 
lic Libraries," by John Eaton, LL. I)., commis- 
siouei of education (Washington, 1^70;, pait 1, 
page 447. 



" Voted, That out of the money to 
be raised the present year from the 
state treasurer on account of the lit- 
erary fund of the town, as to make 
the principal thereof amount to $750, 
to remain a permanent fund. 

"Voted, That the remainder to be 
raised from the state treasury, to- 
gether with the interest of said fund, 
be appropriated the present year. 

" Voted, That the portion of the 
literary fund and the interest thereof 
be appropriated this year; be divided 
among the small school districts, and 
applied to the pureJiase of books for a 
town library " 1 



2 "The wording of these votes seems very ob 
scure. The fact intended to be conveyed was, no 
doubt, this:— fist) That of the money heretofore 
received by the town on account of the literary 
fund, with enough of this year's receipts to make 
S750, be formed into, and remain, a permanent 
fund, as it is at the present time. (2d) That what re- 
mains aft- -r completing- thi- fund be appropriated, 
with the interest on said fund, the present year. 
(3d) Is'a repetition of the last vote with the follow- 
ing: to be divided among small school districts, 
and applied to the purchase of books for a town li 
brary." "Peterborough Town History," page nS. 



286 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 






library open every Sunday. 3 The 
first printed catalogue of the books 
in this library was published in 
1837; it was a little three aud a 
half by six inch, sixteen page 
pamphlet, and catalogued 579 vol- 
umes. 

Care has been taken, under its 




G'imps 



into the middle story of the Book Room 
Capacity, 40,000 volumes. 



At this meeting a committee was 
chosen to make the division and to 
"manage the concerns of the library." 
Books were purchased, and the li- 
brary opened as a free public library 
that year and the nucleus of this in- 
stitution was on that date perma- 
nently established. For sixteen 
years it was maintained from the an- 
nual appropriation from the literary 
fund The act of 1849, however, 
enabled the town to raise by direct 
tax additional money for this pur- 
pose, and these two sources of in- 
come were continued down to the 
adoption of the statute of 1S91, since 
which time the annual town appro- 
priation, and the income from funds 
given to the town containing the 
stipulation that they shall be in ad- 
dition only to the annual appropria- 
tion for the benefit of the library, 
have been sufficient to support it un- 
der its present progressive manage- 
ment, it being the first in the state to 
adopt, in 1834, and continue to the 
present time, the policy of keeping the 



Rilev Goodn'dge. 
Th e first lib ra ria n . 

recent management, to .have this 
public town library what its found- 
ers intended and what its title im- 
plies, — namely, public, as referring 
to the entire body of the people com- 
posing the inhabitants of the town, — 
without special reference to any one 
religious, political, or social class ; 
public, not alone in the fact that all 
have free access thereto, but public, 
in having those books which that 
public read. This is as it should be 
in all our public libraries. When the 
word public or town is used, as here, 



1 " Picturesque Pelei borough." by Kdward French, 
M. D., Granite .Monthly, volume lb, pa^e 22S. 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 



2S" 



with reference to property, it de- 
scribes the use to which the property 
ought to be applied, and the charac- 
ter in which it must be held. If, in 
its management and the selection of 
books, the demands of any particu- 
lar class is regarded to the exclusion, 
or without an equal consideration, of 
the requirements of another class of 
the taxpayers, it is not in its true sense 
a public library, and its name is a mis- 
nomer in spirit and substance ; the 
intelligent cosmopolitan tasies of the 
community in the selection of good, 
cultivating, moral books, which all 
will read, must be regarded in con- 



at least, a breach of trust. While 
Peterborough cannot claim that its 
public library is the pioneer of this 
correct policy, it can be said, how- 
ever, that it is at the present time 
adopted here, and all intelligent 
classes composing the population of 
the town can here find good books, 
suited to their particular tastes. 
Religious, political, and social classes 
can each have libraries with books 
exclusively of their own particular se- 
lection and to suit their own special 
tastes ; but a public library must never 
be conducted along these lines ; it 
must have good books for all classes 
of their taxpayers. 

The library was established as a 
public institution in Goodridge's 
block, now owned by John D. Han- 
non, in 1S33, occupying a small part 
of the store of Samuel Smith, who 
was at that time postmaster ; Riley 
Goodridge, Samuel Gates, and Henry 
Steele, having afterward received ap- 



Samuel Gates 
'I hi' second librarian. 




ducting a public library which is de- 
pendent for its support on a public 
tax. If this rule is not followed, and 
the more contracted policy adopted, 
it is not what its name indicates, its 
support by public tax is wrong, it is 
a perversion of the money taken from 
trie people, and is, in a moral sense 



Henry Steel 
A former tifiri 



2SS 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY 




little wooden building on the corner 
of Main and Grove streets, on laud 
then owned by the Phoenix Corpora- 
tion, and now occupied by the town 
house. Here it remained for a consid- 
erable time under the charge of 
Henry Steele, who resigned, and 
Miss Susan M. Gates was appointed 
librarian in 1855. 

In the fall of 1S60, this little build- 
ing, with the library and post-office 
in it, was moved to the land where 
the Bank block now stands, being for 
a while, and pending the building of 
the new town-house, occupied by 
both. Upon the appointment, how- 



Susan M. (Gates) Morrison. 
A for titer librarian. 



pointment, successively, of postmas- 
ter, were appointed librarians. Here 
it remained until 184S, when it was 
removed with the post-office to the 



*v fe'E 



y§s %, 




\ 



Georgie A. (Lynch) Carter. 
A firmer librarian. 

ever, of John R. Miller, postmaster, 
August 17, 1 86 1, the post-office was 
separated from the library and re- 
moved to his pharmacy, in the store 
now occupied by Nichols' harness 
shop, under the Baptist church. 
From this date, the post-office and 
library, which had lived together so 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY 



>8g 



long under the same management, 
were, until February, 1863, sepa- 
rated, but they were again united in 
the store that had been fitted up for 
them in the north part of the base- 
ment of the new Town Hall block, 
and here, under the charge of Mr. 
Miller, it remained until the summer 




! 



k > 



A. Frances (Lav-s) Dadmun. 
A former librarian. 



from three funds. The " James Smith 
Fund " was given in 1877, by James 
Smith of St. Louis, Mo., a native of 
this town, and son of the late John 






Fred Howard Porter. 
A former librarian. 

of 1873, when it was removed to the 
south store of the basement, and was 
forever separated from its old com- 
panion, the post-office, and placed in 
charge of a librarian ; here the li- 
brary remained until it was removed 
to its present permanent home, from 
which later place books were first de- 
livered April 22 r 1893. 1 

The library now receives an income 



: ,. - •:. -:* 









1- In 1854 the offices of librarian and po-tniaster 
were divided, and Miss Susan M. Gate^ took the 
former position, retaining it until her marriage to 
Mr. M.L.Morrison in'1^2. Her successors were 
J. R. Miller. [864-'73. Miss G. A. Lynch, ufo-So, 
Mr. K. H. Porter. 1880^84. Mrs. A. F. Dadmun, 
l884-'90, and Mrs. iC. K. Coffin, who now holds the 
office." — " Peterborough Town Library," by Mary 
Morison. page 15. 



Eva E. (Damon.) Coffin. 
Tin- present librarian, 



290 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 



Smith, and was accepted by the town 
at the March meeting of that year. 
It consisted of a fund of $3,000, 
which, by vote of the trustees, was 
to remain in their hands until it in- 
creased to ^5,oco, after which time 
the interest only was to be used in 
the discretion of the trustees for the 
benefit of the library. This fund is 
now over :? 10,000. 

The " Weston Fund " is a fund of 
$100 given April 20, 1S7S, by Mrs. 
Elizabeth \\ neeler of Alameda, Cab, 
a native of this town, and a daughter 
of the late centenarian, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Treadwell) Weston. It was 
provided by the donor that three 
trustees are to have charge of the 
fund, and the interest onl} r to be 
given by them to the library com 
irritee for the purchase of new books. 

The provisions of both of these gifts 
are that the fund shall be kept entire, 
and that the income thereof shall 
never be a substitute for the annual 
town appropriation, but ever to be 
used in addition to it as a means of 
constant increase of the library. 

The "Henry Washburn Fund" 
was a legacy of S250 bequeathed to 
the town library by Henry Wash- 
burn, late of vSan Francisco, Cab, 
and was accepted by the town No- 
vember 8, 1S9S. 

The Peterborough Town Library 
now occupies a very commodious and 
substantial building, erected, in 1892, 
through the munificence of Mrs. 
Nancy S. Foster, of Chicago, and 
William H. Smith, of Alton, 111., 
both natives of the town, and George 



S. Moiison of New York, on laud 
donated by its citizens, 1 and was 
dedicated October 4. 1S93. An illus- 
tration of this building, with some 
facts relating to the history of the 
library, can be found in the report of 
the State Board of Library Commis- 
sioners for 1894, and an illustration 
of the building on page 213, volume 
iS, of the Granite Monthly ; a 



/ 









'.cy (S/r.'th) Foster. 



further description is given in the ex- 
cellent little pamphlet, published in 
*S93> by Miss Mary Morison, which 
gives an interesting history of the 
library from its inception to the date 
of occupancy of its present modern 
building ; in the Peterborough Tran- 
script of January 14, 1886, can also 
be found some data, compiled by the 
writer of this article, relating to the 



1 The land on which the library stands, at the 
corner of Main and Concord streets, was pur- 
chased in i^yS bv Person C Cheney, James Scott. 
Rev. A. M. Pendleton. Charlo* !->".-oU. Irzra M. 
Smith. Charles U. Brooks. Charles P. Richardson, 
Frederick Livingston, Benjamin I.. Winn, and 
John R. Miller, each paying S77. The first seven 
shares were donated. Charles II. Brooks pur- 



chased Frederick Livingston's share and donated 
that in addition to the one originally held by him. 
A popular subscription was gotten up and the 
-tunc- of I'.cnj.cir.in J.. Winn and John R. Miller 
were purchased from those two gentlemen and 
donated. By dee! dated March r>s, 1893, the land 
was transferred to the trustees according to the 
vote of the town of March 15, 1S92. 



PETERBOROUGH TOWN LIBRARY. 



291 



history and management of the libra- 
ry. This library is not only an honor 
to the town, but will ever remain, in 
an historical sense, at least, a lasting 
pride to every inhabitant of our stale. 



■ 



' 



» * > - 



William H. Smith 

Thus it can truthfully be said that 
not only was our state the pioneer in 
the establishment of the free public 
library system, and the first to enact 
a law authorizing the raising of 
money by public tax for its support, 
but it can also be said that it was the 
first to establish — during- its Colonial 






George S. Morrison. 

days — a state library, 1 and the first 
also, in 1839, to incorporate a state 
library association.- Surely the li- 
brary history of our state is one of 
which its citizens can justly be proud. 



* ".New Hampshire took the lead in the estab- 
lishment of a state library. The first legislative 
grant for the object was made whilst the state was 
still a colony, although on the eve of independence. 
More than forty years passed before the example 
set at Concord, by the state of New Hampshire was 
imitated. In or about the year [813, Pennsylvania 
established its state library at Harrisburg. In 
1816, or in 1 S 1 7 , Ohio followed by establishing a 
state library in its chief city, Columbus. In 1S18 
that of New York was established at Albany." — 
'Free Town Libraries." by Edward Edwards, 
page 277. 

2 "The Library Movement in New Hampshire," 
by Louise Fitz, Granite Monthly, volume 15, 
page 352. 



[The illustrations of the library building in this article are from photographs furnished by 
C. E. Bullard, photographer, of Peterborough.] 




a^^ 



OCEAN REVERIES. 
By IV. M. Rogers. 

" Time writes no wrinkle on thine azure brow, — 
Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now." 

Thy waves are rolling, dashing in 

From out the boundless main, 
Like Dead Sea waves with roaring linn 

O'er cities of the plain. 

What story tells thy ceaseless surge ! 

Is it a tale of pain ? 
Or still for those a constant dirge 

Who never came again ? 

What mysteries lurk beneath thy waves 

By time still unexplained ! 
Held in thy dark unyielding caves — 

Since moons have waxed and waned. 

Oh ! is there aught that e'er befell 

On Time's unwritten page. 
Thy rolling billows cannot tell 

Of many a bygone age ? 

Bridge thou in sooth the wide abyss 

'Twixt falsity and truth, 
And tell us all that was, and is, 

Back to thy distant youth. 

The flood ! and was it true that this, 

Penned by trie prophet's hand, 
Disputed book of Genesis, 

Was it by God's command? 

That rain for forty days and nights 
From Heaven's windows poured, 

Until the mountains' utmost heights 
Thy billows had explored ? 

Did thy retiring waters bear, 

When ebbing back again, 
The ancient Ark, and poise it there 

On proud Armenia's chain ? 

And Ararat's historic peak, 

When back thy waters rolled, 
Bear on its crested forehead, bleak, 

The saved, as we are told ? 

Didst thou, O Sea ! in days of yore, 

Obey the Saviour's will. 
When tempest tossed off the Gadarene shore 

He bade thee " peace, be still ? " 



OCEAN REVERIES. 293 

And when lie walked thy troubled waves 

One wild and stormy might, 
Where off Capurnaum's shore still raves 

The tempest i 11 its might ? 

Heard *st thou, as near the ship He drew, 

Disciples' wondering cry, 
And His response, whose voice they knew, 

" Be not afraid, 'tis I? " 

Rememberest thou when Joshua fought 
At cities of Beth-ho-ron, 

And was it true, as we are taught, 
The sun stood still on Gibeon ? 

Didst not thy 'surges feel the shock 

When Joshua's army won, 
And the pale moon delayed., to block 

Time's wheel o'er Ajalon ? 

Tell us thy tales of wreck and woe 

Since the creation's dawn, 
No shore but feels thy billowy flow, 
Where caves and caverns yawn. 

Beneath thy dark mysterious waves 

Lies many a gallant bark, 
Whose hapless crews found water}' graves 



Thou chainless, boundless, watery waste ! 

Whose tides will ebb and flow 
Forever on, with vengeful haste, 

To lay man's triumphs low — 

Until an hour foretold shall come 

To stay thy surges' roll, 
When earth and sea shall hear their doom 

Resound from pole to pole. 

Thou shalt, O Sea, give up thy dead, 

And all thy treasures vast. 
"As rise the drowned from the river's bed 

At sound of the cannon's blast. 

God's Angel with one foot on sea, 

And one on solid land, 
Shall swear " time was, no more shall be,' 

No longer time shall stand. 

Thou to the soul of man shalt yield 

More lasting still than thou, 
And all thy mysteries stand revealed 
To him who questions now. 






•xxviii— il 



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Ptr 



THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN NEWPORT 
By Arthur B. Chase. 






HERE is nowhere else iu 
New Hampshire, to-day, and 
probably nowhere outside the 
the state ; a finer specimen of 
that strong, stately, impressive style 
of church architecture, predomina- 
ting in the early part of the now 
closing century, sometimes desig- 
nated as the " Colonial," but. more 
properly known as the " Georgian," 
than is presented in the imposing old 
brick edifice on the easterly side of 
South Main street, in the beautiful 
village of Newport, which the Con- 
gregational church and society of 
that town have occupied as a house 
of worship for more than three 
quarters of a century. Although 
not a house "set on a hill," it is 
the most noticeable building in the 
village, which is b} 7 no means desti- 
tute of handsome structures ; and, in 
approaching from a distance, its 
stately spire is the first object at- 
tracting the eye. The exterior of 
this eld church has indeed com- 
mended the admiration of all who 
have seen it ; while for three suc- 
ceeding generations as reverent and 
as intelligent a company of worship- 
ers as have ever gathered in any 
church in Christendom have offered 
their devotions within its walls. 

The Congregational church in 
Newport, as in most of our New 
Hampshire towns, was the first es- 
tablished. Practically it came in 
with the settlement of the town. It 
is chronicled that the first party of 



settlers locating in town, who came 
from Connecticut, and arrived early 
in June. 1766, united in religious wor- 
ship, under the spreading branches 
of a tree, on Sunday, the day after 
their arrival, thanking God for their 
safe arrival and invoking his blessing 
upon the settlement they were estab- 
lishing. From this beginning, in 
reality, dates the history of Congre- 
gationalism in Newport ; and it is 
noted that since that first Sunday's 
worship in the wilderness, not a Sun- 
day has passed without public re- 
ligious service of some kind in the 
town. For some years the meetings 
were held in the cabins of the set- 
tlers, mainly in that of Robert Lane, 
Benjamin Giles, one of the leading 
settlers, usually conducted the ser- 
vices, while at times Dea. Josiah 
Stevens officiated. 

After 1773, when the Proprietors' 
House, so called, was erected, the 
meetings, and all other public gather- 
ings were held in that. It was not 
until October 2S, 1779, that a church 
was formally organized, this being 
effected through the aid of Rev. 
Aaron Hall, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in Keene, who acted 
as moderator of the meeting at which 
the organization was effected, with 
Aaron Buel as scribe. The church 
started with seventeen members, the 
first regular preacher after its organ- 
ization being Rev. Samuel Wood, 
who remained eight or nine months, 
but declined to settle, and subse- 



296 CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, NEWPORT. 

ft 'I 8> '^_ 



: n a; 




■•--. 



! 



-- ,1 



-jCV / 



Interior of Church, loc 

quently achieved distinction as pastor 
of the Congregational church in 
Boscawen. 

The church prospered, however, 
under temporary ministrations, so 
that it numbered over fifty members, 
when Rev. John Remele, character- 
ized as " a man of good ability," was 
ordained and settled as the first regu- 
lar pastor, January 22, 1783. His- 
tory says that he was given a salary 
of ^70 and firewood, which seems to 
have been more than his services 
were worth, at all events, since his 
ministry did not tend to promote the 
welfare of the church, and his moral 
character came to be questioned. 
There were few accessions to the 
membership, and dissensions sprang 
up and weakened the organization. 
His ministry terminated in 1791, and 
although the church reunited and 
continued public worship, it was not 
until January 5, 1796, that another 



ing toward the Pulpit. 

regular pastor was secured, Rev. 
Abijah Wines, a resident of the 
town and a member of the church, 
being ordained and installed that 
day. Meanwhile, however, the town 
had erected a new house especially 
for church purposes, it being located 
west of the intervale, at the turn of 
the road now going toward Unity, 
near the foot of what is known as 
Ciaremont hill, the original settlers 
having generally located in this 
vicinity. The frame of this house 
was erected June 26, 1793. A sad 
accident occurred at the raising, in 
that a sou of Elder Job Seamans, 
pastor of the Baptist church at New 
London, a young man of nineteen, 
fell from the top of the framework 
and was killed. The historian in- 
forms us that the sad event was over- 
ruled for good, since it resulted in a 
revival of religion in New London. 
This house was 42 by 52 feet in 



I 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, NEWPORT. 297 



~?— — ll^ 



k 






ior o c Church, looking from the Pulpit. 



dimensions, with a tower on the 
north end and a projection on the 
south. It was painted yellow on 
the outside, but unpainted within, 
and there was no arrangement for 
heating, a peculiarity prevailing with 
all church edifices in those days, 
the doctrines promulgated being de- 
pended upon to provide all the 
warmth necessary for people of any 
temperament. 

Mr. Wines continued as pastor 
until December, 1S16, a period of 
nearly twenty-one years, and it is 
recorded of him that he was "a stu- 
dious, earnest and faithful minister of 
the gospel." The church prospered 
under his ministry, a single revival 
bringing in 140 members. His 
salary had been increased from the 
start, till it reached £52 per annum 
with twenty cords of wood, and fifty 
dollars extra for a farm laborer, as he- 
was engaged in fanning when called 



to the ministry, and continued the 
cultivation of his land. 

December 2, 18 18, Rev. James R. 
Wheelock, a sou of President Whee- 
lock of Dartmouth college, was or- 
dained and installed as the next 
regular pastor, his salary being fixed 
at five hundred dollars, with a settle- 
ment of several hundred dollars in 
the outset. He was characterized as 
" ardent and energetic," and another 
extensive revival was had soon alter 
lie commenced his pastorate, which 
continued till February 21, 1823. 

During the latter year of Mr. 
Wheelock's pastorate, the present 
stately church edifice was erected, 
work having been commenced in 
1822, and the dedication exercises 
occurring March 13, 1S23. This 
building was erected through private 
enterprise, in point of fact the build- 
ing committee, consisting of James 
Breck, Hubbard Newton, JUkanah 



: 9 S 



CONGREGA TIONA L CHURCH, NE 1 1 TOR T. 



Carpenter, and Caleb Heath, assum- 
ing all liabilities and depending- upon 
the sale of pews for compensation, 
a 'though much labor was given by 
others in getting in the foundation 
and grading the site. The exterior 
of the church, including the ornate 
spire, remains to-day as at the first. 
The interior was finished in accord- 



what in 1S53, when the floor was 
raised, the pulpit lowered, and the 
pews cut down, and in 1S68 it was 
thoroughly remodelled inside, and 
put in the condition which prevails 
at the present time, the expense of 
the work being some SS,ooo. At 
this time, also, a fine new organ was 
placed in the church by Dea. Dexter 



- 






: 



Hon. Dexter Richards. 



t. . ... 



Mrs. Louisa F. R. chares. 



...... M 



ance with the style of the time, with 
square wall pews and a high pulpit 
elaborately ornamented. It was not 
until 1832 that stoves were intro- 
duced for heating, and three years 
later a pipe organ was placed in the 
gallery, mainly through the efforts of 
Dr. John B. McGregor, who agreed 
to furnish the services of an organist 
gratis for three years, and his daugh- 
ter, Marion, subsequently Mrs. Chris- 
topher, long known as one of the 
most accomplished organists in New 
York city, was the first to officiate 
regularly in that capacity. 

The interior was changed some- 



Richards, who gave the same in 
memory of a deceased daughter, who 
had been greatly beloved in the 
church and society. 

A vestry was erected in 1844, on 
the site of the present parsonage. A 
dwelling, erected by individuals in 
1S52, was leased as a parsonage, and 
purchased by the society for that use 
in 1865. In 1872, both the vestry 
and the parsonage were sold, and the 
proceeds, with about S800 raised by 
subscription, appropriated toward the 
present fine chapel, connected with 
the church, which was erected that 
year, the main portion of the entire 



CONG REG A TIONA L CH URCH, XE 1 1 TOR T. 



299 



cost of more than 56. 000 being do- 
nated by Deacon Richards, to whom, 
as well as his devoted wife. Mrs. 
Louisa F. Richards, the church and 
society h a v e 
been indebted 
for material as- 
sistance in many 
ways and lines. 
In 1S77 the pres- 
ent fine parson- . ; 
age, near the 

church, was ., , ]. 

erected by sub- \2et& ...- 

serlption, at a Rey John . Woods 

cost of S3, 500. 

Rev. John "Woods, who had pre- 
viously been sealed at Warner, sup- 
plied, the pulpit for some months after 
the dedication of the new church 
edifice, and on January 2S, 1S24, 
was regularly installed as pastor, and 
remained in continuous service in 
that capacity for twenty-seven years. 
It is said of him that he was "a 
learned scholar, a clear thinker, a 
sound theologian, discreet and judi- 
cious in affairs, of dignified and 
courteous mien, solemn and thought- 
ful, with decision and firmness in all 
his purposes." The description is 
doubtless correct, and even now the 
older members of the society recall 
with feelings akin to awe the digni- 
fied manner and solemn countenance 
of this most noted pastor of the 
town. 

Mr. Woods was a native of the 
town of Fitzwilliam, born September 
29, 1735, and graduated from Will- 
iams college in 181 2. He pursued 
his theological studies with Rev. 
Seth Payson of Rindge, and was 
ordained at W'arner, June 22, 18 14, 
remaining pastor of the church there 
until dismissed to go to Newport. 



His long pastorate here was attended 
with large measure of success, but 
toward its close dissension arose and 
a large number of members of the 
church withdrew, and, with others, 
organized the Methodist church. 
He was dismissed, at his own re- 
quest, Jul}- 16, 185 1. He was subse- 
quently, for several years, acting 
pastor of the Congregational church 
in his native town of Fitzwilliam, 
where he died May 4, 1S61. 

The same council which dismissed 
Mr. Woods ordained and installed 
his successor. Rev. Henry Cura- 
mings, a native of Rutland, Mass., 
born September 12, 1S23, a graduate 
of Amherst college of the class of 
1847, and of Andover Theological 
seminary in 1850. Mr. Cummings 
filled a pastorate of fifteen years to 
the satisfaction of all concerned, dur- 
ing which time one hundred and 
seventy members were added to the 
church. He resigned to accept a 






I 



kiUOix.* 









Rev. Henry Cufrrr.ings. 



sOO 



CONGRBGA TIOKAf. CHURCH, NEWPORT 






■ 



■3 - 



bers Street Congregational church in 
Boston, and twelve years pastor of 
the Rollstone Congregational church 
in Pitehburg, Mass. He is now re- 
siding in Newton, Mass. 

Rev. Ephraim K. P. Abbott, a 
native of Concord, born Septem- 



wfe-fe^jfi^jft^J m ...:■■■■.— *£ -■*-••. Ja ilka 

Rev. George R. '/.'. Scott. 

call to the pastorate in his native 
town, and was dismissed July 25, 
1866. He remained in the Rutland 
(Mass.) pastorate until 1S74, when 
he became pastor at Strafford, V,t., 
and is still residing in that town. 

The pulpit was temporarily sup- 
plied for about a year after Mr. 
Cummings's departure, and then Mr. 
George R. W. Scott, a native of 
Pittsburg, Pa., born April 17, 1S42, 
and a graduate of Middlebury col- 
lege in the class of 1864, who was 
then a student in Andover seminary, 
was invited to supply the desk for a 
year, with a view to permanent set- 
tlement when his theological course 
should be completed, iu case such 
arrangement should be satisfactory 
on both sides. He accepted the in- 
vitation with the result that on Sep- 
tember 17, 1S6S, he was ordained 
and installed in the pastorate, con- 
tinuing In the same until December 
7, 1873. Pie was subsequently for 
two years acting pastor of the Cham- 



Rev. Epf. 



E. P. Abbott. 



ber 20, 1S4 1 , a graduate of Dart- 
mouth in the class of 1863, and 
of Andover Theological seminary, 
1867, who was ordained at Meriden, 
May 6, 1868, succeeded Mr. Scott 
in the pastorate, serving as acting 
pastor until March 24, 1875, when he 
was duly installed, and served effi- 
ciently until March 3, 18S4, when 
he resigned, and upon dismissal re- 
moved to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where 
he engaged in pastoral work for some 
years, but is now located at Sierra 
Madra, Cal. 

Rev. Charles X. Flanders, a na- 
tive of Bradford, Vt., born August 
24, 1845. a graduate of Dartmouth, 
class of 187 1, and of Andover, 1874, 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, NEW PORT. 



301 



who had filled pastorates in West- 
moreland in this state and in Wap- 
ping, Conn., succeeded Mr. Abbott, 
being installed May 28, 1SS4. He 
filled the pastoral office most accepta- 
bly nearly five years, when he also 
resigned, and was dismissed Jan- 
uary 9, 1889. He is now a resident 
of Portersville, Gal. 

Mr. Flanders's successor was Rev. 
Geoige F. Kenngott, a member of 
the class of 1SS9 at Andover Theo- 
logical seminary, who was, called 
before his graduation and ordained 
and installed October 8, of that year. 
Mr. Kenngott was born in Pitts- 
burgh. Pa., February S, 1864, his 
father beine a native of Wiutembersr 






Andover he received a scholarship in 
pastoral theology, which was spent 
in personal investigation, at the rail- 
road centers of the country, of 
the subject, "The Relation of the 
Churches to the Men who work Sun- 
days on the Railroads and Electric 
and Surface Roads," the results of 
which were given in a series of 
lectures at Andover, and afterwards 
published. Mr. Kenngott entered 
enthusiastically upon his pastoral 
work, and at the first communion 
after his ordination received thirty- 
nine members into the church. In 
1S91 he made the so-called " New- 
port Experiment," in seeking to fed- 
erate churches in the towns in the 
immediate neighborhood. In that 
year he received and declined a call 
to the First Congregational church of 
Bristol, Conn. In June, 1S92, he 
received a call to the First Congrega- 
tional church of Lowell, Mass., which 
he accepted. 

He was dismissed from the Xew- 












Rev. Claries N. Randers. 

and his mother of Scotland. He 
received his preliminary education 
in the German Lutheran, Lawrence 
Grammar and Central High schools 
of Pittsburgh, and graduated with 
high honors from Amherst college 
in 1 886. During his senior year at 



X 






i 



George F. Kenngott. 



-fcii.3*. 



302 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, NEWPORT. 



port pastorate July 26, and installed spiritual qualities, and had life and 
pastor of the Lowell church, Sep- health been spared would have 
tember 29. following. In June. 1896. gained the highest rank in the min- 
the First Congregational church, dis- istry. He died at Redlauds, Cal., 
tinct from the "Society of the First December 2, 1896. 
Congregational church,*' became in- The present pastor, Rev. James 

corporated as the " First Trinitarian Alexander, was installed March 2, 
Congregations i church in Lowell." 
Of this church, now embracing 600 
members, with a Sunday-school of 
700 members connected, Mr. Kenn- 
gott still remains pastor. 

Mr. Kenngott was succeeded in 
the pastorate by Rev. John Pearson 
Pillsbury, who was installed January 
18, 1S93. and dismissed December 18, 
1895, on account of ill health. Mr. 
Pillsbury was a native of the town 
of Kingston, his family removing to 
Nashua in his youth. He was edu- 
cated at Boston universitv and en- 



i ■ 









A 





.— ... _ " 


..... — v 


1 






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->-y*CA^ *** 


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Rev: John Pe 



tebury. 



tered the ministry as a Methodist, 
his first pastorate being at Sunapee. 
Subsequently he was assistant pas- 
tor of the Maverick Congregational 
church at East Boston, wher.ee he 
came to Newport. He was a man of 
brilliant endowments and the finest 



Rs.' James Alexander. 

1897, after having occupied the 
pulpit for nearly a year previous. 
He is a native of Scotland, born in 
Aberlemno, near Brechin, but spent 
his early years in Forfar, where his 
father was engaged in business. 
Coining to this country in youth, 
he studied in Boston University and 
Bangor Theological seminar}-, gradu- 
ating from the latter in 1S85, and 
taking a post-graduate course at the 
Andover seminary in i886-'SS, and 
meanwhile entering upon the pastor- 
ate of the Congregational church in 
Tewksbury, Mass., where he con- 
tinued for ten years, until his call to 
Newport. 

Mr. Alexander is a popular pastor 



CONGREGA 7 IQNAL CH URCIL NE 1 1 TOR T. 



as well as an able preacher. He 
takes a lively interest in public af- 
fairs, and enters earnestly into all 
plans and projects tending, to pro- 
mote the moral welfare of the com- 
munity. His manner is frank, hearty, 
and engaging, and his robust physi- 
cal health is the fitting counterpart 
of a broadly cultured mind, which 
also seeks activity in literary work 
outside his ordinary professional 
duty. He married Jane Ann Stewart, 
daughter of BaiW James Stewart of 
Forfar, Scotland. They have four 
children, all boys, the eldest, James 
S., being now in his third year at 
Andover (Mass.) academy. 

The deacons of this church have 
been Josiah Stevens, who served from 
1784, or earlier, till 1795 ; Jesse Wil- 
cox, from 1791 till his death in 1S23 ; 
Uriah Wilcox, from 1795 till his 
death in 1S22 ; Moses Noyes, from 
1819 till his resignation in 1S25 ; 
Elnathan Hurd, from June, 1S19, till 
his withdrawal in '850; Sylvanus 
Hurd, from 1829 till his death in 
183 1 ; Josiah Stevens, Jr., from 1829 
till his resignation in 1844; Joseph 
Wilcox, from 1829 till his death in 



1882 ; Henry Chapin, from 1. 



00 



till 



1854; David B. Chapin, from 1835 
till his death in 1874 ; Dexter Rich- 
ards, from 1863 till his death in 1S98 ; 
Rufus P. Claggett, from 1S63 till his 
death in 189S ; Francis Foote, from 
1875 till his death, which occurred 
February 5, 1893 ; Edwin R. Mills, 
from 1882 till 1885; Dana J. Mooney. 
from 1886 to the present time; also 
George A. Dorr, from 1894, and 
Simon A. Tenney and Rotheus K. 
Bartlett from 1898, all to the present 
time. 

" The Congregational Society in 
Newport'' was incorporated by act 



of the legislature, December 17, 1803. 
and reorganized, under the law of 
1S27, as " The Congregational Soci- 
ety for the Support of the Gospel 
Ministry in Newport," continuing 
under that style to the present time. 
The Sunday-school, in connection 
with the church, was organized in 
1 8 19. In 1 02 1 the church voted to 
"disapprove the practice of using 
ardent spirit at funerals," and in 
1S41 adopted a rule requiring a 
pledge of total abstinence as a con- 
dition of admission to the church. 

The present membership of the 
church is about three hundred, and 
the Sunday-school membership, in- 
cluding two mission schools at Kel- 



Dea. Dana J. Mooney. 

leyville and Guild, nearly the same. 
The total number of families in- 
cluded in the parish is 235. The 
Young People's Society of Christian 
Fndeavor. connected with the parish, 
has 116 members including the 
junior branch. Other associated so- 



3°4 



OUR HEROES. 



cieties are a local branch of the New 
Hampshire Woman's Cent society, a 
large and flourishing Ladies' Aid so- 
ciety, and the " Society of Newport 
Workers," composed of young ladies 
of the congregation engaged In 
benevolent work. The current ex- 
penses of the church society are 
about §1,900 per annum, and its 
benevolences aggregate about $1,100. 
This church has always taken 
pride in the excellent music rendered 
at its public services, and at present 
it boasts of as fine a chorus choir as 
can be heard in this section of New 
England. It comprises thirty-five 
singers, all unsalaried, and the parts 
are well balanced. The music ren- 
dered each Sabbath varies from the 
standard octavo choruses to selec- 



tions from oratorio and standard 
sacred works. On last Easter Sun- 
day Schnecker's "Risen King" 
was given with full chorus and solo- 
ists. 

Mr. Nelson P. Coffin acts as con- 
ductor, and Clarence Dana Mooney 
is organist. 

The good work of the choir ma)' 
be largely attributed to its able 
director, who exerts a magnetic influ- 
ence and a wonderful power in con- 
ducting, which has gained him re- 
nown outside of the town as well as 
at home. Visitors to the place who 
have a good knowledge of music 
have repeatedly stated that the work 
of this chorus is the best that can be 
heard in New England outside the 
largest cities. 



OUR HEROES. 



By E?)ima E. Abbot. 



Let them never be forgotten Few r er hands have more to garland 
Who, with willing heart and hand, On this year than e'er before ; 

In the promise of their manhood For the soldier's ranks are thinning, 
Ventured forth to save our land ! And the comrades' graves are more. 



Leaving comforts, home, and safety May it never be forgotten, 

When they heard their country's call ; When the last true heart and brave 

Pacing hardships, foes, and .danger, Is at rest, to lay with reverence 

Knowing they were risking all. Floral tributes on his grave ! 



Let them never be forgotten, 

Nor the dangers which they braved. 

While a Union flag floats o'er us 
And we have a country saved ! 



May our children's sons and daughters 
Teach their children each to lay 

Garlands green of love and honor 
On each Decoration Day ! 



-^z? 



^&m 



^?Oi 



IRENE. 

By Mary M. Currier. 

O silver glory of the moon's soft light, 
White overflow of her calm loveliness, 
Glimmer upon the dewy foliage, 
Gleam upon the rivulet and the lake, 
But rest not in full splendor till thou find 
Pensive Irene, the pure, the beautiful ! 
Upon her graceful head thou mayest rest, 
Above the fair, uplifted, dreamy brow ; 
But come not near the eyes that dwell below 
In blessed, fathomless tranquility, 
For then thou wouldst break in upon a joy 
That lietli there. 

There are some moments rare 
That come to lives of innocence and love 
When thought is eestaey. The happy days 
Of childhood know these moments, and the bright. 
Unclouded, golden days of early youth. 
O bliss to look upon the summer fields, 
The sea, the heavens, and on human life, 
And feel one's self a blessed, love'd part 
Of all the good, and great, and beautiful 
That make up the unbounded universe ! 
O bliss in glad, harmonious accord 
With Nature, Life, and God to dwell, and feel 
One's joyful spirit leap in music forth 
At God's least, lightest touch ; and thus to be 
A part, a nece.ssar}- holy part, 
Of that great, infmitely-blessed hymn 
That rises unto Him continually ! 

These periods of rapturous delight 

Are but the common heritage of health 

And purity in lad and maid. But few 

Are they, who, through the suffering, the sin, 

And the contention that are ours, bear on 

Far into life a heart still lowly, true, 

And pure enough to know such wild excess 

Of joy and thankfulness. 

One of the few 
Was fair Irene. Not sinless was her soul, 
But its faint, microscopic blots were such 
As|only made her dearer to her kind, 
And not less precious unto God. She sat 



3 o6 IRENE. 



Beside her window, open to the south, 

And through it came the sweetness of those blooms 

That sweeten with their fragrant lives the May. 

Alone she sat. except for visitings- 

Of happy memories and happy hopes, 

That came and went, and then returned again, 

And once again, and ever hovered near 

Even when farthest, like bright butterflies 

About a flower. The beauty of the night 

Had laid a deep enchantment on each sense, 

And stealing past the charmed ear and eye 

Had crept into her heart ; and there it found 

Another beauty fairer than itself, 

The many-petaled rose of matron love. 

Her happiness grew deeper and more calm 

As still she lingered in the perfumed light. 

The distant notes of one lone nightingale 

Rose from the wood, a liquid melody 

Fount-like upspriuging from the desert dim 

Of silence round about her shadowed perch, 

And Irene leaned far o'er the casement low 

To catch the sound. " O Love," she murmured soft, 

" Thou spirit that dost quicken all the earth, 

And art the life of Heaven, how my soul 

Doth worship thee ! " 

The nightingale passed on 
Farther into the wooded west. The breeze 
That fain would still have borne to Irene's ear 
That longed-for strain, lost on the lengthened way 
Those notes too frail and delicately-sweet, 
And sank down empty-handed at her side. 

And now the beauty of the summer night 
Receded from the presence of that love 
Within her heart, and love was there alone. 
Six years Irene had known of matrouhood, 
Not perfect as they passed, but perfect now, 
For as the moonlight lends the common earth 
A more than earthly beauty, so the light 
Of love and fancy glinting on these years 
Had given them a whiter radiance. 
A vista of increasing happiness 
From one far point extending to her feet, 
And ever broadening, these years now seemed. 
Her memory tripped lightly down the smooth 



IRENE. 307 

Illumined way io that far point, then danced 
As lightly and unfalteringly back 
To where she stood. And Irene turned about 
And looked upon the years that were to come ; 
And hope tripped laughingly along this way, 
Till distance made her but a tiny speck, 
And then she frolicked b.-vck to Irene's side. 

" What is so sweet as loving ! " breathed Iiene. 

"Not even being loved is half so sweet ; 

For uiiue own love I feel, a living joy 

In mine own soul, but any other love, 

Even my husband's, I can but believe, 

Imagine to myself, and dream about." 

And then her heart with all its human love 

She lifted up to God in gratitude, 

And love of God poured in upon that heart, 

Commingling with the love already there, 

Until it overflowed with blissfuluess. 

" Dear as my dear ones are to me," she cried, 

" Still dearer art thou, O thcu Love Divine, 

Thou perfect Whole, of which all nobleness, 

All truth, all beauty, love, and purity, 

Are only parts. O what were love or life 

Without thy holy presence to pervade, 

To harmonize and tranquilize it all ! " 

A filmy cloud that had been fluttering 

Its wa}^ along across the sky, in haste 

To reach the moon, like a great, white-winged moth 

Striving to reach a flame, now slipped itself 

Between the moon's clear light and the still earth, 

Unsatiated yet with limpid beams. 

The meadows, and the uplands, and the hills, 

The trees, and flowers, and meek, unnoticed grass, 

Grieved at this intermission of their joy, 

But Irene scarcely felt the gentle shade 

That rested for a moment on her face 

Then passed away. The moon shone forth again 

Encircling her with light and driving back 

The troop of little, twinkling, froward stars, 

That had been venturing too near to earth, 

To their own stations, distant and obscure. 

The earth rejoiced once more, but fair Irene 

Felt but that Light Divine within her soul, 

And her deep incommunicable peace. 



3o$ 






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A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY, 

By //. H. Met calf. 




[/THOUGH, notwithstanding 

the general impression to the 
contrary, New Hampshire 
has more capital invested, 
and more people engaged, in agricul- 
ture -than in manufacturing, or had 
when the last federal census was 
taken, as shown by the returns. Its 
manufacturing industries have been 
an essential element in the promo- 
tion of its prosperity for the last 
three quarters of a century. The 
great corporations of the cities, em- 
ploying their thousands of operatives, 
have contributed far less, however, 
to the real welfare of the state than 
the smaller establishments, generally 
controlled by individuals, located in 
the hundreds of thriving villages all 
over the state, whose operation has 
given an impetus, therein, to other 
lines of business, furnished a local 
market for the surrounding farmers, 
and thereby proved advantageous 
not only to those directly concerned 
.but, practically, to the entire com- 
munity. 

One of the most notable of these 
industries — notable alike from its 
long uninterrupted operation, the 
measure of its contribution to the 
prosperity of the community in which 
it is located, and the financial suc- 
cess with which it has been con- 
ducted, is the establishment in New- 
port, long familiarly known as the 
Richards Woolen mill. This plant 
was commenced on a small scale, in 

xxviii-22 



1S47, by Perley S. Coffin and John 
Puffer, and was known as the " Sugar 
River Mills," its production being all- 
wool flannels. Mr. Puffer sold his 
interest the subsequent year to David 
J. Goodrich, and Coffin & Goodrich 
operated the establishment until 1854, 
in October of which year it came 
into the possession of Seth Richards 
& Son, the line of production having 
been changed, meanwhile, to the 
gray mixed flannels, — a line of goods 
which has ever since been a leading 
and distinctive product of this fac- 
tory and of which Mr. Goodrich was 
the originator. 

From this point, forward, pros- 
perity attended the operation of the 
mill. It was started and had con- 
tinued up to this time as a single 
sett mill, but in 1855 another sett 
was added correspondingly increas- 
ing its capacity. In 1857 Dexter 
Richards purchased the interest of 
his father, Capt. Seth Richards, and 
continued the business. In 1861, at 
the outbreak of the war, the mill was 
materially enlarged, two new setts of 
machinery being added, and was op- 
erated to its full capacity, without 
cessation, largely upon government 
contracts. In 1S64 the mill was 
again enlarged, with the addition of 
two more setts, and, ten years later, 
another enlargement, with four addi- 
tional setts, was made, bringing the 
mill up to its present capacity. 

The principal product of this mill 



3io A PROSPEROUS IXDUS TRY, AXD ITS MANAGER. 



y 



Col. Seti M. Richards. 



is known the world over as the 
" D. R. P." flannel, the trade-mark 
being the abbreviation of " Dexter 
Richards. Proprietor." adopted by the 
late Hon. Dexter Richards, for his 
goods early in his manufacturing 
career, and is regarded as an abso- 
lute guaranty of excellence. 

In 1871, Mr. Richards's eldest son, 
Seth M., entered the mill, and the 
following year was admitted to part- 
nership with his father, under the 
firm name of Dexter Richards *S: Son. 
and in this name the business has 
since continued, notwithstanding the 



decease of the senior proprietor two 
years since. In 1894, William P. 
Richards, the younger son, became 
a partner in the business. 

COI,. vSETII M. RICHARDS, 

son of Hon. Dexter and Louisa 
Frances (Hatch) Richards, was born 
in Newport, June 6, 1850. He re- 
ceived his e4-ucation in the public 
schools and Meriden and Phillips 
Andover academies. He spent one 
year in a wholesale dry- goods house 
in Boston, and then, at the age of 
twenty-one, went into the . mill to 



A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY, AND ITS MANAGER 



1 1 






• 



I . •- 







Residence of Co I. S. M. Richard: 



master and pursue the manufactur- 
ing business. He soon became a 
partner, and for the last twenty-five 
years has been manager, having 
shortly familiarized himself with all 
the details essential to the successful 
conduct of the business, and mani- 
festing in the fullest degree the per- 
sistence,, discrimination, and practical 
sagacity which had characterized his 
father's operations in this and other 
lines of enterprise. 

When it is considered that during 
all the fluctuations and depressions 
that have characterized the business 
life of the country, and which have 
so seriously affected the woolen mau- 
facturing industry in particular, com- 
pelling the suspension of many estab- 
lishments for long periods, the Rich- 
ards mill has never ceased work 
except for the purpose of repair or 
enlargement, no farther evidence is 
needed of the superior business 



judgment and capacity of the man- 
ager, as well as of the excellence of 
the product. 



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Living Room 



A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY, AND ITS MANAGER. 



For the past three years, in addi- 
tion to the celebrated " D. R. IV 
flannels, ladies' suitings have been 
produced to a considerable' extent. 
The ordinary capacity of the mill is 
about thirty- five hundred yards per 
day. The goods are marketed in 
Boston ; Xew York, and Philadelphia. 
From eight}' to one hundred hands 
are given employment, the operatives 
including native Americans, Iris!:, 
French, and Finlauders. Many of 
these, in the various departments, 
have been employed for a long time, 
and naturally feel a strong interest in 
the business. Mr. Patrick Herrick, 
who has charge of the dyeing and 
finishing department, has been en- 
gaged there for forty- seven years, 
and his skill and devotion have con- 
tributed much to the success of the 
establishment. Others have been 
engaged thirty or forty years, and 
more, and all employes are made to 
feel that their welfare and that of the 
mill are identical. This feeling, 
which the management has ever en- 
couraged, has contributed in no small 
measure to the success of the estab- 
lishment, and made it such a strong 
factor in the general prosperity of the 
town itself, which ranks among the 
most favored in the state in this re- 
gard. 

Colonel Richards is a prominent 
figure in public affairs, and in the 
general business life of the commu- 
nity, inheriting in full measure the 
public spirit always manifested by 
his father, and commanding in the 
highest degree the confidence and 
regard of his fellow-citizens. In poli- 
tics he is an active Republican. He 
has served as town treasurer, was a 
representative from Newport in the 
legislature of 1S85VS6 and senator 



from District No. 7 in iSq7-'qS, hold- 
ing important committee positions, 
and exercising strong influence in 
matters of practical legislation in 
each term of service. His military 
title comes from service as aide on 
the staff of Gov. Charles H. Sawyer. 
Colonel Richards succeeds his father 
as president of the First National 
bank of Newport. He is also a trus- 
tee of the Newport Savings bank, 
president of the Newport Electric 
Light Company, and of the Newport 






ilrgi 



| 









Improvement Company, a director 
of the Northern and the Connecticut 
River railroads, and of the New 
Hampshire Fire Insurance Company, 
and is actively connected with vari- 
ous other enterprises. 

He was united in marriage October 
9, 1878, with Miss Lizzie M. Farns- 
vvorth. They have three children, 
all daughters, Edith J., Louise F., 
and Margaret H., and the home life 
of the family is a perfect embodiment 
of the spirit of domestic happiness 
and content. 



3i4 A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY, AND ITS MANAGER 



-K*r'~°' ,?»»» ' 









f 



T^ ■ W!«l &J. 



1 



! ■ 

! 



.. 1 
: 



• 



Music Room. 



In the spring of 1898, Colonel 
Richards commenced the erection of 
a fine residence on the site of the old 
Edmund Burke mansion, one of the 
most delightful locations on the west 
side of the beautiful common in the 
northerly part of Newport village, 
completing the same in November 
last, and immediately occupying it 
as home. This house was designed 
by James T. Kelley, the well-known 
architect of 57 Mount Vernon street, 
Boston, and is strictly Colonial in 
style, in every detail. J. E. War- 
ren & Co., of Marlboro, Mass., were 
the contractors, and the plumbing 
and heating was by Lee Bros., of 
Concord. There is no handsomer 
residence in Sullivan county and few, 



if any, in the state surpass it. The 
exterior appearance is that of quiet 
elegance, and the interior finish per- 
fectly corresponds. The hall is fin- 
ished in quartered oak, the dining- 
room in mahogany. The appoint- 
ments throughout are conformed to 
the idea of home comfort and con- 
venience, while the requirements of 
social life are not forgotten, a neat 
little ball-room in the third story be- 
ing a feature. 

With a prosperous business, an as- 
sured fortune, a delightful family, a 
pleasant and happy home, and the 
confident regard of his fellow-citizens, 
at fifty years of age, Colonel Richards 
may well look forward to many fur- 
ther years of useful achievement. 



??K >'j V s /'^. #ffc Sf\ 








- 






MISS HARRIET P. DAME. 

Harriet Patience Dame, one of the most noted war nurses of the Rebellion 
period, a native of the town of Barnstead, a daughter of James Dame, born July 5. 
1S15, died in Concord. April 24, 1900. 

Miss Dame became a resident of Concord in 1843, and, with the exception of 
a short term, spent in the West, resided here until the outbreak of the war when 
she became a volunteer nurse, and cast her fortunes with the Second New Hamp- 
shire regiment, under Col. Joab N. Patterson, who is now in the service of the 
United States in Cuba. She was ordered to report at Washington, and performed 
her first duties at Portsmouth, and later was stationed at Budd's Ferry, Va. She 
was inside the trenches at Fair Oaks while the rebels were bombar ling them. 
At the second battle of Bull Run Miss Dame was taken prisoner by the Con- 
federate forces, but was given a pass through the lines in consideration of her 
services to both Confederate and Union men. 

August 15, 1862, she was placed in charge of all the supplies for sick soldiers 
sent from New Hampshire, and distributed them among the most needy hospitals. 
She was at the battle of Gettysburg, and later was sent south to Charleston to 
investigate the sanitary condition of New Hampshire troops stationed there. In 
1864 she was appointed matron of the Eighteenth Plospital corps, and was given 
supervision of all the nurses on duty, and of the cooking of food for the sick 
and wounded. 
, Miss Dame's army service lasted four years and eight months. Since the 

close of the war she has been honored with the right to wear the cross of the 
Eighteenth corps, the diamond of the Third Corps of Hooker's Divsion, the 
heart of the Twelfth corps, and a badge presented to her by the Second 
New Hampshire regiment. She was a United States pensioner, but gave her 
entire income from that source, as well as a great deal besides, to charitable 
objects. From 1S67 to T895 s ^ e was employed as clerk in the treasury depart- 
ment in Washington, a term of twenty-eight years. She was president of the 
Army Nurses association, organized in 1884. She was a member and a devoted 
attendant upon the services of the Episcopal church. 

JOSEPH H. WORCESTER. 

Joseph Hilliard Worcester, of Rochester, for many years a prominent member 
of the Strafford county bar, died suddenly, from heart failure, April 1 1. 

Mr. Worcester was a son of Isaac and Julia fHilliard) Worcester, born in the 
town of Milton, December 31, [830. His first ancester in this country was Rev. 
William Worcester, who came from England, and was the first settled pastor of the 
first church gathered at Salisbury, Mass. ; while on his mother's side he descended 
from a long line of clergymen, one of whom was the first settled minister of Scot- 
land parish, now York, Me. He fitted for college at Pembroke academy, and 
entered Brown university a year in advance, in the cla.ss of 1S54. He took high 
rank in his studies, winning the first prize in mathematics, but was obliged to 



316 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

leave in the middle of the Senior year on account of ill health. He engaged for 
several years in teaching, and in t86i commenced the study of law in the office of 
C. R. Sanborn at Rochester. He was admitted to the Strafford county bar in 
1864. and began practice in this city. In 187 1 he formed a partnership with the 
late Charles 13. Gafney. Later Leslie P. Snow was admitted to the partnership, 
under the firm name of Worcester, Gafney & Snow, and this title has been 
retained since the death of Judge Gafney in 1S97. He had long been considered 
one of the best read lawyers in the country. 

Mr. Worcester was for ten years a member of the school board, judge of the 
municipal court from March, 1869, to May. 1 S 7 5 ; town clerk in 1S65 anc * *S66, 
and postmaster from April. 1867, to February of 1S6S. He had served as a 
director of the Rochester National bank from the time of its organization in 1874 
to the present. He was also one of the incorporators of the Rochester Savings 
bank. He never cared to run for any political office, but he was an ardent 
Republican in politic^ and took a great interest in all affairs pertaining to the wel- 
fare of the state and nation, as well'as matters of municipal importance. 

During the famous Sawtell murder case in 1S90. Mr. Worcester was associated 
with Hon. James A. Edgerly of Somersworth, and George F. Haley of Bidde- 
ford. Me., as attorneys for Isaac U. Sawtell. 

The deceased leaves one brother who is a cattle dealer in Iowa. With this 
exception his nearest relatives are cousins. One cousin, George O. Worcester, 
and his family have made their home with him for a number of years past. 

HON. THOMAS SANDS. 

Thomas Sands, ex-mayor of Nashua, died at his home in that city, April iS. 

He was a son of Hiram Sands, born in St. Albans. Me.. July 4, 1S3S. In his 
early childhood his father removed to Fort Smith, Ark., where he was supervisor 
of construction under the United States government, but when he was almost 
twelve years of age, the family again came East, and for two years he attended 
a grammar school at Cambridge. Mass. He was then apprenticed for three years 
to the Davenport Bridge and Kirk Locomotive manufacturers. During this time 
he exhibited marked talent as an inventor, and it was he who conceived and manu- 
factured the first roller skate. 

After his apprenticeship he was employed by the Moss & Osborn Steam 
Engine company of Boston, and a short time afterwards he invented the Sands 
brickmaking machine. This proved so successful that he located a manufactory 
of these machines at St. Johnsbury, Vt. In 1S53 he sold his rights in the patents 
covering his brickmaking machine, and returned to Boston. He produced various 
inventions in different lines in the course of the next few years, but the last, and, 
from a financial point of view at least, his greatest invention was the White 
Mountain ice cream freezer, which is now sold all over the world. 

He established a manufactory of these freezers at Laconia and prospered 
• financially until his buildings and stock were destroyed by fire in 1SS1. It was 
then that he decided to locate in Nashua, and a stock company was formed to 
back his latest invention. He was manager of the White Mountain Freezer com- 
pany until 1S89, when he retired from active business pursuits, disposing of his 
stock in the company for a large sum of money. 

Mr. Sands always took an active interest in the questions of the day and 
frequently related with pride the part he took in resisting the return of Anthony 
Burns to slavery in the city of Boston, June 2, 1854. 

In 1S92 he made his debut in active politics as the Republican candidate for 
mayor of Nashua. He was defeated by a single vote by Williams Hall, the 
Democratic nominee, and was renominated by acclamation and elected in the fall 
of 1S93. 

Mr. Sands was a Scottish Rite Mason of the thirty-second degree, a member 



I 

i 

: 

NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY, 317 

and past grand master of Winniptseogee lodge. I. O. 0. F., of Laconia, a member 

of the Knights of Pythias and of the Good Templars. He was twice married. 
His first wife was Elizabeth C, daughter of Col. S. D. Johnson of Bedford. To 
them five children were born, of whom Mrs. Ernest A. Morgan of Nashua is the 
only survivor. . His second marriage was to Mrs. Lizzie M.. widow of Joseph E. 
. Russell of Laconia, October 6, 1390. 

JOHN L. SWETT, M. D. 

Dr. John L. Swetr, of Newport, one of the oldest and best known physicians in 
the state, died at his home in that town April 30. 

He was born in Claremont. February 17. 1S10. His parents were descendants 
of immigrants from the Isle of Wight, who came to this country and settled in the 
town of Dedham. Mass.. as early as 1657. He was reared on a farm and engaged 
in farm labor until eighteen years of age, attending the district school in winter. 
In 1.82S and 1829 he pursued academic studies at Wilbraham, Mass.. and in 1S30 
at Meiiden, N. H. The two following years were spent in teaching, and in the 
spring of 1833 he commenced the study of medicine, and prosecuted the same 
under the instruction of Drs. Tolles and Kittredge, until September, 1S35. In the 
meantime he attended two courses of lectures at Dartmouth college. He then 
went to Philadelphia to secure the advantage of observing hospital practice, and 
to continue his studies at the Jefferson Medical college, from which he graduated 
in 1836. In July of that year he located in practice in Newport, where he ever 
after resided, meeting with eminent success in his profession, from the active 
•duties of which he retired some years since. He had been a member of the New 
Hampshire Medical society since 1S41, and was its president in 1874. He had 
also been a member of the National Medical association for thirty-six years, and 
was an honorary member of the Rocky Mountain and California State Medical 
societies. 

Dr. Swett was an earnest Democrat in politics and a Congregationalist in 
religion.' " He had been twice married. — first to Sarah E. Kimball, of Bradford, in 
1842. She died ten years later. In 1853 he married Miss Rebecca Beaman of 
Princeton, Mass.. who died in June, 1S91. A daughter by his first wife survives, 
residing in California. 

HON. SULLIVAN M. CUTCHEON. 

Sullivan M. Cutcheon, a native of the town of Pembroke, born October 4. 
1833, died at Detroit, Mich., April 18, 1900. 

Mr. Cutcheon fitted for college at the "Gymnasium" and Pembroke academy 
and graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 1856. Going West he was a 
teacher in the Ypsilanti, Mich., high school for some time, and was superintendent 
of schools at Springfield, III, from JS5S-60, meanwhile pursuing the study of 
law. He was admitted to the bar in July, i860, and practised in Detroit, Ypsi- 
lanti. and again in Detroit. In 1860-64 he served in the Michigan house of rep- 
resentatives, being speaker in i863-'64. He was chairman of the Michigan dele- 
gation to the Republican National convention of 1S68; national bank examiner. 
i865-*72 ; president of the commission for the revision of the state constitution, 
1873; United States district attorney, 1877— , S5- Subsequently he served on the 
commission to secure uniformity of state laws. 

Among other office^ which he held were: Trustee of Olivet college, president 
of the trustees of Harper hospital, Detroit, for which S2oo,coo was raised in his 
administration: of the Dime Savings bank of Detroit, and the Ypsilanti Savings 
bank; president of the J. E. Potts Salt and Lumber Company, and subsequently 
of the Moore Lumber Company : treasurer of the Moore and Whipple Lumber 
Company. 

Mr. Cutcheon was president of the Y. M. C. A. of Detroit, 1884-90. He was 



3i 8 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

a delegate to the general assembly of the Presbyterian church in Brooklyn in 1S76. 
and in Washington in 1S93, and a member of the Pan-Presbyterian council in To- 
ronto in 1S92. He married Josephine M. Moore in Ypsilanti, in 1S59. 

REV. MASENNA GOODRICH. 

Rev. Masenna Goodrich, one of the best known clergymen of the Universalis! 
denomination, died at Central Fails, R. I.. May 2. 

Mr. Goodrich was a son of Col. John Goodrich, and a native of Portsmouth, 
born September 15, 1819. He was ordained to the ministry in 1S45. ^ e held 
pastorates at Haverhill and East Cambridge. Mass., Lewiston, Me., Waltham, 
Mass., and Pawtucket, R. I., successively, and was for a time professor of biblical 
languages and literature in the Theological school at St. Lawrence university. Can- 
ton, N. Y. Subsequently he was pastor fourteen years at Burrillville, R. I., and 
still later at Harrisville, in the same state. In recent years his home has been at 
Centred Falls, and, owing to a throat trouble, he had not preached for some time- 
past, but devoted himself to literature, and study. For nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury he was the chief editorial writer for the Pawtucket Gazette and Chronicle.. 
He was a close student, and thoroughly mastered the Greek and Hebrew lan- 
guages without the aid of a teacher. He was unsurpassed in his knowledge of the- 
Bible, and was one of the few clergymen participating in the presentation of papers 
in the World's Congress of Religions at the World's Fair in Chicago. 

Mr. Goodrich married Charlotte Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Simes Nutter of 
Portsmouth, April 22, 1S46, by whom lie is survived, with one daughter, Emily y . 
the last of five children, who has always lived with her parents. 

NIEL MclvANE. 

Neil McLane, for more than half a century an honored citizen of New Boston,, 
born in Francestown, January 19, 1S16, died in New Boston, March 22,^1900. 

He was the eldest of a family of fourteen children, reared on a farm, and 
inured to labor and frugal living, with little opportunity for school attendance. 
He went to New Boston in 1846, where, four years later, he married Miss Sarah 
Kelso, making his home on the spot where he subsequently resided. For about 
forty years, in company with his brother, Rodney McLane, he carried on the 
manufacture of doors in the shop now used by the electric light plant. Notwith- 
standing his lack of educational advantages he was a great reader and a thorough^ 
student of history, and few men were possessed of a larger fund of knowledge. 
He was a staunch Republican, though never seeking office, and a man safely to be 
consulted in all town affairs. He served as New Boston's delegate in the last con- 
stitutional convention. He was an active member of the Presbyterian society, and 
a constant attendant of that church. 

HON. GEORGE O. WAY. 

George O. Way, born in the town of Ltmpster November 14. 1829, died at: 
Minneapolis, Minn., April 6, 1900. 

Mr. Way lived in Lempster till 1844, when he removed with his father to- 
Claremont. In 1854 he emigrated to Minnesota, locating in an unsettled region,, 
and named the town Claremont. Fie was prominent in the early politics of that 
state, and represented Dodge county in the first legislature, but had resided in, 
Minneapolis for many years past. He was a brother of Dr. O. B. Way and Mrs.. 
Ira Colby of Claremont, in this state. 



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THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 



For 0\er Fifty Years 
Mrs. Wijtslow'S Soothing Syrup lias been used 
for children teething It soothes the child, soft- 
ens the gums, allays all pain, cures wind colic, 
and is the best remedy for Diarrhoea. Twenty- 
five cents a bottle. 



A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE, 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature, 
and State Progress. 



A limited number of bound volumes, XVIII Subscription: S2.00 per year ; S1.50 if paid in advance; 
to XXVII, are offered for sale at Si. 25 per vol. 20 cents per copy. 

Prompt delivery, postpaid, guaranteed. 



Concord, N. H- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY CO. 



The Granite Monthly Co., Concord, N. H. 



♦<^*^^«*^^^<*<M^<»^^«^^4>^*>^ 



I The First National Bank, | 

« CONCORD, N. H., £ 

Transacts a general banking business. * 



v 

f 



■;.,.. • ~^3] *■% . ' '" ' ' 1 ta ' 


5*r 


' j : " ' ■ : 

.. . .....-•■- ^:.r- a '."'.'"'~- : "'-r.^v,. 


j 

i 



The Concord Safe Deposit Vaults, 

With the First National Bank, 

Have for rent Safes, Deposit Boxes, and Storage space. 

The Union Guaranty Savings Bank 

Allows interest on savings deposits at the rate of 3 1 = 2 
per cent per annum. 

COR. MAIN AMD DEPOT STREETS, CONCORD, N. H. 



v <r< ^^^* »»»» + »»♦ ♦o > <-i < <vo ><>♦♦♦ < v c -c c-co-^c o * << ♦ » ♦♦♦ »+< * • < ♦ r© 4 ** 




— Ik 



A Boston shipping clerk, co-vr employed by a Tremont Street firm, 
describes an experience which seems rather out of the ordinary. * ' For ten 
years " he says, "I had stomach pains which could only be relieved by the ap- 
plication of hot-water bandages, and as these pains captured me at times when 
it was impossible to procure hot water, life seemed to me hardly worth living. 
I was at that time a messenger for the American Express Co. on a long run. 
The continual riding made the trouble worse, and I was obliged to leave. I 
coBr.ulted a number of physicians without any good results. I had about con- 
cluded that nothing would help me, when six months ago I saw some adver- 
tisements of the Eipans Tabules, and as seme of the cases sounded like my 
own, I thought I would try the Tabules. Since almost the first dose, I have 
had no trouble with my stomach, and my appetite is excellent. I believe I 
am actually cured, but I want to keep the Tabules on hand in case of need." 

Ane^s'yle. packet containing TTrs'RL?»NSTA3n.rs in a paper carton (vrithont glass) Is noWorEale at pomo 
dm;; stores— fok Frv^OESrs. Xlus low-priced sort is intended for the poor and "the economical. Ono d< zen 
oft no five-cent cartons (120 tabules) can bo hud by mail by sending forty-eight cents to the Rep ans CHjaacxt 
Co^PA^rY, Nc. lOSpmco Street, New York— or u siagle carton (TEM rABCLES) will bo sent for five cent*. 



JOHN V/. SANBORf, V ce Pres.dert. 
JUSTIN V. HANSCOM, Treasurer. 



HON. FRANK jO.'.ES, President. 



ALFRED F. HOWARD, Secretary 

J. W. EMERY, Asst. Secretary. 



GRANITE STATE FIRE INSURANCE GO. 



STATEMENT OF 



PORTSMOUTH, N. H. 

CONDITION JANUARY 1, 1900. 
-ASSETS. 



State of Massaehussetts 

Boston, Ma>s 

Boston, Mass. .... 
Quincv, Mass. . . . 
Maiden, Mass. ■;.'.'■'. 
Taunton, Mass. .... 

Taunton, Mass 

Manchester, N. H. ... 

Portsmouth. N. H. ... 

Dover, N. II. . . . 

Nashua, X. K. .... 

Concord, X. H 

Laconia, X. IT. : 

Pittsfield, X. H 

Peterborough, X. H. . 
Newport, X. H. ... 
Hillsborough County, X. II. 
Coos County, X. II. 
Rockingham County, X. II. 
Rockingham County, X. Ii. 
Burlington, Vt. .... 
Concord & Montreal Railroad 
Boston & Lowell Railroad . 
.Concord & Montreal Railroad Stock, 
Boston & Maine Railroad Stock, . 
Worcester, Nashua & Rochester Railroad Stock 
Other Bonds and Stocks. 
Real Estate owned by the Company 
First Mortgages on Real Estate, . 
Cash in Lank and Office, 
Interest accrued but not due, 
Premiums in course of collection, . 
Due from other Companies, . 



3^ per cent. Bonds, 

3-3 

4 

4 " " 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 " 

4 

4 

4 
6 
4 

4 
4 



C-22.030.00 
10,900.00 

ii.coo.oo 

7,072.50 
5,223.50 
8,958.40 

to. 60S. 60 

105.460.00 

11,061.25 

10,671.50 

1 1 ,029.80 

1,138.50 

1 1,488.00 

2,698.00 

4,30580 

5,136.50 

15,382.00 

5.039.00 

4.510.00 

6,257.40 

5,521.50 

t1.0r9.00 

n,r25.oo 

7,000.00 

24.600.00 

6,730.00 

S 2.006.90 

31,400.00 

16,400.00 

44-604 95 

1,839-12 

38,654.89 

149.20 









5547.70r.91 




LIABILITIES. 






Unpaid losses, . 
Reserve for re-insurance, 
All other liabilities, 


'. 


•• 


$37,433-5* 

t96.4i6 6r 
^,772.19 


Total Liabilities, . 

Capital Stock paid up, 

Net Surplus over all Liabilities, 




• 


246.622.3r 

200,000 00 

. . tor, 079.60 



Surplus as regards Policy Holders, 



>347>7Qi-9 I 

5301,07960 



STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.— INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. 

CONCORD, January T5, 1900. 
This ts to Certify, that on the fifteenth day of January, r9CO, I completed a personal exami- 
nation of the financial standing and condition on the thirty-first day of December, 1899, of the 
GRANITE STATE EIRE INSURANCE CO. of the City of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
having appraised their securities and assets and computed their liabilities, as set forth in the 
records of the office of the company, and in the accounts of its Treasurer. A summary of the 
lesult is as follows: 

Total amount of Assets, $547, 701. 9r 

Total amount of Liabilities, ...... 246,622.31 

Capital Stock paid up in Cash, 200,000.00 

Surplus above Capital Stock and all Liabilities, . . 101,079.60 

, ~^^*~* . In WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand, and affixed the seal of 

< sf.al. > the Insurance Department, this fifteenth day of January, A. D. 1900. 

t^^. * JOHN' C. LINEHAN, Insurance Commissioner. 



' '' : ■ 



. 



3<ft -3ac 






HON. FRANK D. CURRIER. 



"Sin 



The Ctranitc ^ortmi^l 



Vol. XXVIII. 



JUNE, 1900. 



N T o. 6. 



HON. FRANK D. CURRIER. 



By H. //. Meicalf. 






gP^as^lOR a long series of years the 
Grafton Count}- bar lias held 
high rank in the state for the 
solid ability and brilliant at- 
tainments of its membership, which 
has included many lawyers who have 
not only become prominent in their 
profession, but also attained conspic- 
uous position in public and political 
life. A leading representative of 
the 3 r ounger generation of Grafton 
county lawyers is Hon. Frank D. 
Currier of Canaan, than whom prob- 
ably no man of his years is better 
and more favorably known to the 
people. 

The town of Canaan is not espec- 
ially adapted to the most success- 
ful agriculture, while its manufac- 
turing advantages are also limited. 
Nevertheless it has contributed its 
full share to the intellectual wealth 
and progress of the times; and its 
sons and residents have exercised no 
small influence in public life and 
in the domain of jurisprudence. At 
least five men who have occupied 
conspicuous judicial positions have 
been reared in, or have been resi- 
dents of, this town. Hon. Jonathan 



Kittredge, an eminent lawyer, who 
was for a time chief justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas, was for near- 
ly thirty years' a resident of Canaan. 
Hon. Jonathan E. Sargent, long an 
associate justice and later chief jus- 
tice of the supreme court of the state, 
commenced practice and was for sev- 
eral years located in this town, re- 
ceiving here his first appointment, as 
solicitor of Graiton county. Two 
present members of the supreme 
court — Associate Justice William M. 
Chase, and Chief Justice Isaac N. 
Blodgett — are natives of this town, 
where, also, was reared Caleb Blodg- 
ett of the superior court of Massa- 
chusetts, an older brother of Isaac 
N., and all three of the last named, 
it may be added, have their summer 
homes in the quiet and beautiful vil- 
lage of Canaan " Street." 

This town also gained celebrity 
(and unpleasant notoriety it may also 
be added) in educational circles as 
the location of Xoyes academy, the 
first school of the kind established in 
the country which opened its doors 
to colored students upon equal terms 
with white. The action of the trus- 



^22 



HON. FRANK D. CURRIER. 



tees in taking this course called out 
bitter denunciation and aroused vio- 
lent antagonism, which eventually 
resulted in .breaking up the school, 
some fifteen or twenty colored stu- 
dents being obliged to make their 
departure from town at night to es- 
cape bodily harm. This was in 1S35. 
The trustees, in announcing their 
purpose in regard to the school, 
through a circular address to the 
public, had united in saying: "We 
propose to do nothing tor the'coloied 
man, but to leave him at liberty to 
do something for himself. It is not 
our wish to raise him out of his 
place nor into it, but to remove the 
unnatural pressure which now para- 
lyzes his faculties and fixes him to 
the earth. We wish to afford him 
an impartial trial of his ability to 
ascend the steps of science, and to 
tread the narrow way which leadeth 
unto life. We wish to see him start 
as fairly as others, uueonfmed by 
fetters, unincumbered with burdens, 
and buoyant with hope, and if he 
shall then fail, we shall at the worst 
have this consolation— that we have 
done our utmost to confer upon him 
those excellent endowments which 
the wisdom of God and the solemn 
appeal of our fathers have taught us 
to regard as the appropriate distinc- 
tion of immortal and infinitely im- 
provable beings." 

The second on the roll of trustees, 
signing this address, of whom there 
were ten in all including Nathaniel 
P. Rogers of Plymouth and George 
Kent of Concord, was Nathaniel 
Currier of Canaan, grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, a promi- 
nent and influential citizen of the 
town, who was the son of Daniel 
Currier, an earlv settler of the town 



of Plymouth, where he was born 
October 6, 1791. He located in 
Canaan in early life, where he was 
engaged in the. manufacture of woolen 
cloth for many years, and also be- 
came an extensive landowner. Sub- 
sequently he engaged in mercantile 
business, building a large store and 
conducting an extensive trade. His 
son, Horace S. Currier, the second 
of ten children, was engaged as a 
clerk in the store, after receiving a 
substantial education, and subse- 
quently engaged in trade for himself 
with much success, conducting a 
large, general store on the present 
site of the Cardigan House. He was 
a highly respected and influential 
citizen, and, although dying at the 
comparatively early age of forty- 
eight, had served in the legislature 
and as treasurer of Grafton county, 
besides occupying other responsible 
positions. His wife, who survived 
him, with five children, was a daugh- 
ter of the late Dr. Caleb Plastridge of 
Lebanon. She died in 1SS9, at the 
age of sixty-three. 

Frank D. Currier, eldest son and 
second child of Horace S. and Emma 
(Plastridge) Currier, was born in 
Canaan, October 30, 1S53. He re- 
ceived his education in the common 
schools of his native town, the Con- 
cord High school, and Kimball Union 
academy at Meriden, finishing with 
a special course in Dr. Hixon's priv- 
ate school in Lowell, Mass. Choos- 
ing the legal profession as the most 
congenial field of effort, he com- 
menced study for the same in the 
office of Pike & Blodgett at Franklin 
and finished with the late George W. 
Murray in Canaan, and was admitted 
to the bar at Plymouth in 1874, at the 
age of twenty-one years. He spent 



HON. FRANK D. CURRIER. 



323 



the greater portion of the year 1875 
in traveling in the West and on the 
Pact fie coast, quite extensively in 
California, but finding- no location 
that suited him better, he returned 
home, and in 1S76 opened an office 
and commenced practice in his native 
town, where he soon acquired a 
profitable business. 

Living in a "close town," where 
partisan controversy was generally 
sharp, and having a natural "bent 1 ' 
for politics he soon became a leader 
of the Republican party in the town, 
and in 1878 was chosen a member 
of the legislature, taking an active 
part in the work of the following ses- 
sion, in which he served as a member 
of the house committee on revision of 
the laws and as chairman of the com- 
mittee on mileage. His interest and 
activity in political work soon ex- 
tended beyond town limits, and his 
skill and tact in the management of 
partisan affairs came to be so fully 
recognized that in the campaign of 
1SS2 he was made secretary of the 
Republican State committee, a posi- 
tion wdiich he filled with signal abil- 
ity for four successive campaigns. 

Meanwhile he was elected clerk of 
the New Hampshire senate for the 
legislature of 1883 and again in 18S5 ; 
in the campaign of iSS'3 he was 
chosen senator in his district and, 
upon the assembling of the legisla- 
ture in June following, although a 
new member, his special fitness for 
the presidency of the senate was 
promptly recognized — his experience 
as clerk having given him unusual 
advantage — and his incumbency as 
the presiding officer was character- 
ized by a readiness of action and fair- 
ness of conduct which had never been 
surpassed. 



He was also a delegate to the Re- 
publican National convention in Chi- 
cago in 1884, and had his party been 
successful in the country in that cam- 
paign would undoubtedly have been 
given an important federal appoint- 
ment. It triumphed in the next, 
however, and in 1S90 he was ap- 
pointed by President Harrison naval 
officer of customs at the port of Bos- 
ton, one of the most honorable and 
lucrative offices under the general 
government that ordinarily comes to 
a New Hampshire man, and which 
lias been held, indeed, for a long 
series of years b} r citizens of the 
Granite state. His administration of 
this office was so thorough and effi- 
cient that at the close of his term, in 
1894, he received the written com- 
mendation and congratulation of the 
board of special agents appointed by 
the Cleveland administration, then 
in power, to examine and report upon 
the condition of the customs business 
at that port, for the highly creditable 
and satisfactory condition in which 
the business of the office was found. 

Retiring from the naval office in 
July, 1S90, Mr. Currier immediately 
resumed the practice of his profession 
in Canaan, in which he has since 
been successfully engaged, but has 
not neglected to give his party the 
benefit of his service upon the stump, 
where he is a pleasing and effective 
speaker, and his counsel and assist- 
ance in other directions. 

In November, 1S9S, he was again 
chosen by his townsmen as a repre- 
sentative in the legislature, and, in 
accordance with the universal wish 
and expectation of his party through- 
out the state, manifested through the 
press and otherwise, even before the 
election, when it became understood 



3M 



HON FRANK D. CURRIER. 









r 



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m 



. 



Residence of Hon. Fi 



that lie was to be a member, he was 
made speaker upon the organization 
of the house, and, suffice it to say, he 
brought to the discharge of the deli- 
cate and responsible duties of that 
position a readiness, tact, and judg- 
ment seldom equaled and never sur- 
passed, insuring the shortest and 
most harmonious legislative session 
ever holden in the state since the 
adoption of the biennial system. 

Mr. Currier was united in mar- 
riage, May 31, 1890, with Mrs. Ade- 
laide (Rollins) Sargent, establishing 
his home in a handsome and finely 
appointed residence, erected that 
year, at the corner of Depot and 
School streets in Canaan Village, 
and which they still occupy. Al- 
though a busy man. professionally 
and otherwise, Mr. Currier has a 
taste for reading, and has a large 
and well selected miscellaneous li- 
brary. He also enjoys, with Mrs. 
Currier, in full measure the pleasures 



of social life, and their home has 
always been the seat of a generous 
hospitality. He is prominent in the 
Masonic order, being a member of 
Social Lodge. St. Andrews Chapter, 
and Sullivan Commandery. He is al- 
so a member of Mt. Cardigan Lodge, 
Kniyhts of Pvthias of Canaan, and 
of Indian Rivei Grange, Patrons of 
Husbandry, taking a strong interest 
in each organization. 

Mr. Currier is now in the early 
prime of life, with years of growth 
and increasing capacity for valuable 
public service in prospective. In the 
natural order of things he is likely to 
be called to other and higher posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility at 
the hands of his fellow-citizens. 
Should such be the case no more can 
consistently be asked at his hands 
than the same devotion and fidelity, 
in relative measure, that has charac- 
terized his service in positions here- 
tofore occupied. 



535 









^i^ 



HEAVENWARD. 



Z?y Cyrus A. S/o/it 



Heaven lies alongside of our daily lives, 
By every pathway are its treasures found, 

He, who most truly lives and nobly strives, 
May reach its portal "at a single bound." 

No distant realm beyond the starry skies 

Awaits our homeward flight on weary wing, 

Nearer by far, the unseen country lies, 
Fanned by the zephyrs of eternal spring. 

Its shining walls bend low along the shores 
Of earth's dark continents and surging seas, 

Its voices echo when the tempest roars, 

And sweetly blend with summer's passing breeze. 

Around its buttressed towers no billows beat, 
No wrecks lie stranded on its glittering sand, 

No storm's black wing sweeps through the golden s 
No darkness falls in that bright morning land. 



Not far irom our dim shore, swings wide the gate 
To its still waters and its pastures green, 

Not very far, the many mansions wait, 
Only a narrow river rolls between. 

Drop then ye curtains of the starless night ! 

Let winds and waves contend with' sullen roar, 
My homeward way glows with a purer light 

Than ever yet hath shone on sea or shore. 

Saviour supreme ! O help me still to stand 
Firm in my faith, my hope, my love to Thee, 

To walk with Thy sweet promise, hand in hand, 
" Until the day breaks and the shadows flee." 




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Unitarian Chyrch, Uttletpn. 



. I | • 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON 
/>> 5%«* Hohart Turtle. 



flHE records of the pioneer 

ggw movement of Umtariauistn 

'fed in Littleton are few and 

' scattered. There is hardlv 



a voice left to relate to us how and 
by what means the first liberal soci- 
ety of the town was formed ; only 
now and then do we meet one who 
remembers the days ■ of anld lang 
syne and can shed some light upon 
a background that is vague and 
shadowy. 

We do know this — that far back 
in the twenties when Littleton was a 
mere country village, in the days 
when she could boast of only twelve 
houses, in the days of the one general 
store and the tavern, of the carding 
mill and the potash factory, before 
the echo of the steam whistle had 
sounded its note of civilization among 



the northern hills, there swept into 
the community a wave of liberalism, 
an infinitesimal part of that great 
aud powerful tide which was rising 
slowly but surely throughout the 
New England states. We also know 
that just previous to this came that 
zealous young Unitarian, Henry A. 
Bellows, who established a law office 
here and entered upon the practice 
of his profession, and that one year 
after his arrival, probably through 
his influence and interest, there came 
the Rev. Cazneau Palfrey, a Harvard 
graduate and an earnest advocate of 
the liberal cause. 

Existing records tell the story of 
an organization some time between 
iS2y and 1X33 of a society which 
called itself the First Unitarian Soci- 
ety of Littleton. 



THE UNITARIAN MO\'EMl : :XT IX LITTLETON. 



The leading laymen were Trumau 
Stevens, George and Moses P. T.iitle, 
Henry C. RetUngton, Otis Batehel- 

dev, and Henry A. Bellows. 

Oa the site of the present Congre- 
gational church the Congregational- 

ists of thai time and their Unita- 
rian brethren erected a church with 
the agreement made and understood 
among them that the Unitarians were 
to have the building one Sunday 
and the Congrtgationalists the next. 
From one spot and one place Ortho- 
dox and Liberal sent forth their 
hymns of worship — the one of praise 
to the " Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost," the other to "One God the 
Father," of whom are all things. 

Looking back over the fifty years, 
it is hard to see just why the cause 
was abandoned. That they grew 
discouraged in striving to sow seed 



in the rocky soil of Northern New 
Hampshire is certain. 

The members were from among 
the wealthiest families of the town ; 
but evidently money was powerless 
to make glad the waste places of 
the northern hills, and liberal seed 
failed of harvest. 

Many a yoke has been easier; 
many a burden has been lighter: 
many a load has been carried and en- 
dured longer until blessing crowned 
the waiting. 

And yet from out the garnered 
treasury of the years has come a 
present-day heritage of strength and 
light and 

" All of good the past hath had 

Remains to make our own time glad.'' 

The town was growing. Many 
Universalists had come to make their 












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Unitarian Church — Interior en Cni'c'ren's D?y 



32S 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON. 



homes in the little mountain hamlet. 
But instead of going into the house 
of the Lord and taking- sweet coun- 
sel with their Unitarian friends, they 
held aloof through some slight differ- 
enee in the respective beliefs, and al- 
lowed the Unitarians to fight the 
good fight alone. 

After Mr. Palfrey's services were 
brought to a close, the society called 



The late Dr. Charles M. Tuttle. 

as pastor the Rev. William Pitkin 
Huntington, a brother of the well- 
known bishop of New York city. 

With the termination of Mr. Hunt- 
ington's pastorate the church had for 
the next two years as its minister the 
Rev. William Dexter Wilson, who 
was destined iu the coming years to 
become one of the greatest authors 
aud scholars of America. Mr. Wil- 
son was the last minister the society 
had. With his departure the members 
lost interest; zeal waned ; no one was 
called to fill the vacancy, and the 
little band which had braved the 



world for ten years went out of ex- 
istence. 

For a quarter of a century Uni- 
tarianism had no place amid the 
churches of Littleton ; but the old 
spirit of liberalism had not gone to 
sleep forever. There remained a 
germ that could not be destroyed. 
A new set of liberals arose. Under 
the leadership of C W. Rand. Luther 
D. Sanborn, H. H. Metcalf, and 
Mrs. Frank G. Weller, a society was 
formed taking the name of the Lib- 
eral Christian Society of Littleton, 
aud with William J. Bellows as chair- 
man of the board of trustees. The 
services were held in Farr hall where 
the pulpit, supplies were generally 
Universalists, sometimes Unitarians, 
and once in a while P A ree Thinkers. 

For lack of funds that which had 
been one of the brightest hopes of 
a few liberal-souled men and women 
had to be given up, and went the 
way of its predecessor. > 

" Unitarianism can never gain a 
foothold here," was the universal 
prophecy, but despite old failure, 
warning, and the force of the proph- 
et's word, it came to pass iu due 
season that a third attempt should 
be made at establishing a Unitarian 
church in Littleton. 

A certain physician, Dr. Charles 
M. Tuttle, who was not a church- 
goer, who never went inside churches, 
but who had the liberal convictions 
of the day, met the Rev. James B. 
Morrison, whose pastorate was in a 
community twenty miles away, and 
spoke to him of having liberal preach- 
ing in Littleton. Whenever the two 
met, the physician would say : 
" Well, son, when are vou coming 
down to preach the gospel to us 
heathen in Littleton?'' For a year 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLE'ION, 



.29 



this went on. At the end of that 
time the good seed took root and 
the minister came. 

That was but the beginning. For 
the next seven years fortnightly 
every Sundav afternoon, after hold- 
ing his own service in the morning in 
Lancaster, through summer and win- 
ter, save in rare instances when Har- 
vard or Meadville students supplied 
the pulpit, through rain or sunshine, 
storm or calm, he drove the long 
distance in love of the faith and in 
loyalty to the truth, coming down to 
" preach the gospel to the heathen." 

In Union hall and later in Opera 
hall the services were held, the min- 
ister giving his services, the physi- 
cian securing the hall and the choir. 
Not long ago one of the few who 
worshiped there was known to say, 
; ' Many a time I went to the hall 
where, besides the minister, choir, 
and myself, there were only five 
others for a congregation, but we 
held our services just the same." 

After two years of struggle and 
discouragement there came a new 
devotee. Gen. George T. Cruft drove 
over from Maplewood, some six miles 
distant, one summer Sunday, saw the 
situation, opened his heart and his 
pocketbook to the cause and has 
kept them open ever since ; not only 
that, but despite the countless de- 
mands of political, business, and 
social duties, driving the long dis- 
tance when at Maplewood that he 
may be present in his pevv on Sun- 
day morning. Never has he once 
faltered in the load which he shoul- 
dered at the beginning of the jour- 
ney. Others might grow discour- 
aged. He, never! Others might grow 
fainthearted. It only made him more 
staunch and loyal. When others 



paused dismayed, it was his part to 
sptak the word of good cheer and 
inspiration. 

It was not until after three years of 
the earnest loyalty of five determined 
men that the followers met and or- 
ganized a religious society, and soon 
after decided to erect a place of wor- 
ship. The names are found on the 
church books to-dav. There are 



r 



\ 



Gen. George T. Cruft. 
President of the Neiu Hampshire Unitarian Associa- 
tion; Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the First 
Utiitarian CJiurch, of Littleton. 

thirteen original members, but amid 
them all these five stand out with 
peculiar luminousness and there is a 
world of determination in the signa- 
tures as they appear upon the old 
church page, — James B. Morrison, 
George T. Cruft, Porter B. Watson, 
Hosea B. Patterson, and Charles M. 
Tuttle. The minister had been work- 
ing. The Second Church of Boston, 
whose pastor was the Rev. Edward 
A. Horton, in whose honor the hall 
below the auditorium is named, 



30 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON 



gave him $1,500. Out of his own 
salary he donated some $900. The 
loan fund advanced 5 1,500. Num- 
erous Woman's Alliance brandies 
throughout New England contrib- 
uted amounts to the cause, and in 
1SS6 a lot of land, through the in- 






Joseph S- Frye. 

struuientality of Joseph S. Frye, who 
although not a member was one of 
the strongest workers in the Uni- 
tarian movement from the time of in- 
stigation to the date of his removal 
to the West, and Rev. James B. Mor- 
rison, was secured and the founda- 
tions were laid of the First Unitarian 
church of Littleton. 

Now there came into prominence 
in the life of the church seven young 
women. Following the example of 
the Rev. James B. Morrison, they, 
too, became infested with the spirit of 
money-getting. The first entertain- 
ment ever given by the society was 
arranged by the seven, and the 
money which they cleared from the 



affair was deposited in the Littleton 
Savings bank. It is related of them 
that at the completion of the church 
when workmen, under the direction 
of Mr. Morrison, were putting down 
a second hand carpet donated by the 
llollis street church of Boston, sev- 
eral of these young women happened 
in and not liking the appearance, 
ordered the carpet taken up, went to 
the bank and drew out one hundred 
dollars, the sum to which the fund 
had grown, and with the money pur- 
chased a new carpet that very day. 
which has until recently been a part 
of the auditorium. 

Of those older women who played 
an important part in the history of 
this church much could be said. As 
the Ladies' Guild, and later as the 
Women's Alliance, they won for 
themselves the warmest gratitude of 
church and people. Nobly they 
have given ; bravely they have la- 
bored, and "all their works do praise 
them." 

On the. banks of the flowing Am- 
monoosuc, with a background of 
gently sloping hills, with all that 
environment could do to render it a 
beautiful and attractive place where- 
in for mankind to worship, the build- 
ing stood completed. 

Three months before its dedica- 
tion, in the month of May, Dr. 
Charles M. Tuttle, who had loved 
the cause as one of the dearest loves 
of his heart, went forth into the 
silent land, the first member of the 
church to join that "choir invisible 
whose music makes the gladness of 
the world." 

August 3, 1S87, on a beautiful day 
in midsummer occurred the dedica- 
tion. Rev. Edward A. Horton de- 
livered the sermon on "Take care 



THE UXITARIAN MOVEMENT JX LITTLETON. 



W 



of the church." The keys of the 
building were presented by the Rev. 
James B. Morrison to General George 
T. Cruft, and the formal act of dedi- 
cation was given by the congregation 
led by the Rev. Samuel C. Beane. 
Standing they together repealed im- 
pressively : "To Thee, O God. our 
Father, we humbly dedicate this 
house, the work of our hands, that in 
it we may worship Thee ; that in it 
we may learn to know Thee, the 
•only true God and Jesus Christ 
whom Thou hast sent ; that here in 
the gladness and the strength of the 
life that is to come, we may abound 
in love to one another and to all men 
in righteousness of life and in faith 
and trust toward the Fattier of our 
-spirits. O Lord, establish Thou the 
work of our hands; yea, the work of 
our hands establish Thou it. Amen." 

August 3, 1SS7, the edifice was a 
mere structure, an example of archi- 
tecture created by the hand of man. 
August 4, 1SS7, it became a living 
church, dedicated to grand and lofty 
principles oi life and character, a 
moral force in the community with 
all the responsibilities which that 
might bring to it in the passing 
years. 

In "Ships that Pass in the Night,'' 
the heroine, Bernadine, is recorded 
as saying: "I had a friend once. 
•She had only to come into my room 
and all was well with me, but site 
went away, she and hers, and that 
was the end of that chapter." 

"Yes," responds Robert Allitsen, 
" I, too, know something about the 
ending of such a chapter." 

Ever since this church was com- 
pleted, people have been going away. 
No sooner was it dedicated than 
some of its strongest members re- 



moved from town. Almost all the 
young women went away. One, 
however, remained, and in the win- 
ter of 'S7, alone and unaided, she 
arranged a series of entertainments, 
and gave them in Horton hall, clear- 
ing only a small sum but going on 
undaunted, and saying to those who 
laughed: "I don't care if I make 
only twenty-five cents. I shall have 
them just the same," and winning 
such a name for herself in the town 
that when her brother-in-law ad- 
dressed a note to " Miss Horton Hall. 
Getter Up of Entertainments," she, 
the one for whom it was destined, 
received it all right. But, she, too, 
had to go away. Her father removed 



gS 1 



..- 



The late Rev. James B. Morrison. 

to Spokane Falls, he and his, and 
th.it was the end of that chapter- 
It was not until the June after the 
dedication that the church had its 
first established pastor, the Rev. L- D. 
Cochrane, who came from the Mead- 
ville Divinity school, filled with cour- 












- 















THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON 



age and zeal for the new faith, and 
pastor and people started out on the 
new life together, bound by the mys- 
• tic tie of brotherhood, and resolving 
in the inmost sanctuary of their 
hearts to render the church more 
than a mere "house made with 
hands.'' 

" Large as Th>- love forever moie, 
And warm and bright 
And g >od to all." 

Rev. George W. Stone, formerly 
treasurer of the American Unitarian 
association, has said that there are 
seven kinds of Unitarians. Whether 
all these varied kinds and conditions 
have been at one time or another 
represented in this First Unitarian 
church of Littleton is an unsolved 
question iri its history/ 

First there are the Accidental 
Unitarians, who just happen to be 
Unitarians because their fathers be- 
longed to that church. " When such 
a Unitarian." says Mr. Stone, "mar- 
ries an Episcopalian, he becomes an 
Episcopalian too." 

Next there are the Fastidious Uni- 
tarians who want the other people to 
do the acts of kindly charity, thus 
allowing the Unitarians to attend to 
scholarly sermons and literary dis- 
courses, dwelling forever in an ice- 
bergy and intellectual isolation. 
Third among Mr. Stone's definitions 
come the Orthodox Unitarians, who 
desire to hear each Sunday a radical 
sermon which will tear into a million 
shreds the dogmas of. the old faith. 

Following on the list are the Meta- 
physical Unitarians, who are always 
talking their religion on the street 
corners and in the market place, and 
are desirous of holding controversies 
with any one who will argue. 

Then there are the Unconscious 



Unitarians. "There are many of 
these," says Mr. Stone, "so many 
that if they should join the Unitarian 
ranks, the. denomination would be 
the strongest in the country." 

The Ceremonial Unitarians come 
next. They are a large class and 
they appear only at weddings and 
funerals. 

One might also add to Mr. Stone's 
seven the Bigoted Unitarian who 
thinks that his is the only faith on 
earth containing truth, who is always 
telling how he is abused by the 
Orthodox, and who somehow gets 
confused in his belief, and instead 
of reading the old principles "Love 
to God and Love to Man," reads 
them " Love to God and love to Uni- 
tarians." 

Last of all there is the true Uni- 
tarian, the man who, by the "medi- 
tations of his heart, the deeds of his 
hands," lives the religion of a noble 
manhood ; the woman who believes 
with all her strength that there is no 






( S 



Rev. L<= r G/ Fletcher Snapc 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON. 



religion in all the world so beautiful 
as the religion of a beautiful char- 
acter. 

No doubt every kind has-been rep- 
resented in the ranks of the church, 
at one time or another, but despite 
the fact, the society has grown and 
waxed strong. 

At the conclusion of the pastorate 
of the Rev. L. D. Cochrane, who 
seived the society through three 
years of faithful and consecrated en- 
deavor, and who is now locared at 
Hast Lexington, Mass., the Rev. Ure 
Mitchell was called as minister. Mr. 
Mitchell remained two vears, at the 



W 



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ii2i-..- . ... . . . .. .-^-..v'i 

Rev. W. C Litchfield. 

end of which period the Rev. Leroy 
Fletcher Snapp, a young Virginia 
theologue formerly of the Methodist 
faith, became pastor. The church 
retained him as minister for two 
years when he left to enter the Har- 
vard Theological school, subsequently 
receiving a call to Maiden, Mass., 
where he is now settled in active 
work. 

The Rev. \V. C. Litchfield suc- 
ceeded him, and pastor and congre- 
gation enjoyed the most harmonious 
relations during a two years' pastor- 
ate. In December. 1S98, these con- 
nections so pleasantly sustained were 



Rev. Chares Graves. 

severed of necessity, owing to the 
ill- health of Mr. Litchfield, who re- 
moved to his home in Middleborough. 
Mass., at that time. For the past 
two years he has occupied a seat in 
the Massachusetts legislature as rep- 
resentative from the city of his resi- 
dence. 

In the month of April, 1899, after 
four months of eaudidatiug. a state 
which is the most forlorn of " abomi- 
nations of desolation *' for any church 
— and methinks for the candidates, 
too — the society called to its service 
the Rev. Charles Graves of the Mead- 
ville Divinity school. 

The year of his ministry has been 
a successful one, a year of manful 
endeavor in the cause dear to his 
heart, and through his unceasing ef- 
forts, put forth in earnest activity for 
every department of church life, the 
society is enjoying a new lease of 
ardor and interest. 

In the pulpit of the church given 
in memory of the late Dr. Charles M. 



334 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON. 



,.,_„.-..., 






1 






• ■ 



^ 



TO 







-i 



Window in Ouitarian Church. 

Tuttle by the Ladies' Aid society of 
the Unitarian church of Concord, 
have stood many of the renowned 
leaders of the 'Unitarian body, some 
of them indeed world-known, — Dr. 
Edward Everett Hale, Dr. Robert 
Collyer, Mrs. Laura Armiston Chant, 
Dr. Charles G. Ames, Dr. Grindall 
Reynolds, Rev. George W. Stone, 
Dr. Edward A. Horton, Rev. Samuel 
13. Croft, and main- others. 

The church has been singularly 
blessed during the years of its ex- 
istence by gifts of good fortune. 

Of these the most memorable is 
perhaps the beautiful figured window 
unveiled on Easter Sunday. April 15, 
when, after three weeks with design- 
ers and decorators, the auditorium 
was re-opened for the Easter service 
practically in a remodeled condition. 
The window is nine and one half 
feet high, and is a copy of the " Ser- 
mon on the Mount," the painting by 
the famous German artist, Heinricb 



Hofmann. Mrs. Eunice Craft and 
her son, General George T. Cruft, are 
the donors. 

General Cruft also at this time of 
renovation caused the original set of 
side windows to be removed, and in- 
stituted new ones of beautiful and 
harmonious design, fashioned of opal 
and English Antique glass corres- 
ponding to that used in the construc- 
tion of the figured window. 

A handsome new carpet, the gift 
of General Craft's aunt, Miss Harriet 
O. Cruft of Boston, also came to the 
church at the Easter tide. 

It was. Mrs. Cruft, who, with her 
late husband, the Rev. Samuel B. 
Cruft, gave to the church in the 
year 1S93 the magnificent pipe organ 
which is one of the fairest and most 
inspiring features of the church en- 
vironment. 

A legacy from Mr. Cruft has also 
added within the year to the society's 
wealth of possessions a parsonage, 
that most needed requisite to the suc- 
cess of any society whose mission is 
broad in adapting the intellectual 
and social ideal side by side with the 
religious and spiritual. 

Reverent and tender is the tribute 
which the children of this church, all 
who come after those who now con- 
stitute its members, shall pay to the 
memory of Rev. Samuel Breck Cruft. 
It does not need the pealing organ 
or memorial window to remind one 
of this strong and beautiful soul 
whose name goes down to children's 
children honored and revered. 

As one looks back into the past 
there are names that shine out of the 
chambers of memory with exceeding 
great glory. The hearts that beat 
for the cause, the hands that labored 
so faithfully are still, but the church 



THE UNITARIAN MOVEMENT IN LITTLETON. 



335 



they established stands to-day as a 
memorial to its founders and its bene- 
factors, the living and the dead ; it 
stands as a monument to that quality 
which is one of the grandest and 
diviuest in human nature — loyalty to 
truth. 

With deepest, tenderest gratitude 
should be crowned the name of Rev. 
James B. Morrison. 

A most appreciative and grateful 
song should be sung to the memory 



to attend services from Maplewopd, 



wher 



X 



I 



1 



l**K-iy? 






• 



<$ &•-: A . . 



The late Frank Thayer. 



of Frank Thayer, the faithful organ- 
ist, who year in aud year out was at 
his post, who in the largeness of his 
love gave his services, and who when 
at last ill and physically unable to 
go, would say to the friends who 
urged his remaining at home, "As 
long as I can get to that little church, 
I shall go." 

The church still cherishes a re- 
membrance of the kindly help of Mrs. 
A. P. Baker of Boston, who in the 
early days of its history came over 

xiTiii-24 



lie was passing the 



summer, 

and began at once to take an interest 
in the little church she then saw for 
the first time ; this interest manifest- 
ing itself in numerous channels of 
activity and substantial and generous 
financial aid. 

I deem it a privilege to select one 
name and crown it with affectionate 
and appreciative regard. He loved 
this church in deed and truth. No 
man living now loves it more; no 
man coming after him can ever give 
to it more loyal service than he. 
As long as the church endures, the 
memory of Porter B. Watson will 
be enshrined among its tenderest her- 
itages. 

" Peace to the reverend dead ! 
The light-that on their heads 
The passing j-ears have shed 
Shall ne'er grow dim.'' 

Abiding praise would one give to 
all those leaders, true and loyal, who 
"toiled much, endured much, ful- 
filled much," in the cause of Unitari- 
anism. 

Stony soil it was and seemingly 
barren, but it gave foith abundant 
fruit and blossomed into beauty, and 
to those hands that worked the mar- 
vel shall all the glory be ! 

May the First Unitarian church of 
Littleton stand long by the side of 
the gently flowing river ; may the 
spirit of love grow tender and true 
within her walls ; may she win for 
herself a gracious name amid the 
churches of the town ; may the little 
children in the pews to-day, when 
they shall have become the men and 
women of the future, look back and 
call her blessed ; and may all her 
ways throughout all the generations 
yet unborn be crowned with honor 
and with peace ! 



33b 



WOMEN'S CLUBS IN FRANKLIN. 
By Mary A. RcwelL 



A burden shared is a burden lightened, 

A pleasure shared is a pleasure brightened. 



E3 



O live for one's self and by 
W&M one's self is existence only 
and not the helpful life de- 
signed by Him who im- 
planted in the human heart a yearn- 
ing for sympathy. 

Man is naturally a social being. 
and this is preeminently true of 
woman. We do occasionally read 






Mrs. Sarah Gerould Blodgett. 
irsl President Woman's Club. 



of the pillared saints of old or the 
ascetic monks, but seldom do we 
know of a woman who voluntarily 
isolates herself from all friends and 
companions. Her nature is outreaeh- 



ing, either for support for herself or 
to "lend a hand" to others. Not 
to go back to those ancient times 
when we read in sacred writ of " two 
women grinding at a mill," we find 
in the history of our country that our 
ancestors believed in the adage that 
" many hands make light work," 
consequently the Puritan maidens 
made the weekly washing of the 
linen at the water's side the occasion 
of a neighborly visit. As new homes 
were sought farther in the wilder- 
ness, our sympathies are involun- 
tarily extended to the wives and 
daughters, the real home makers. 
The men carrying grist to the dis- 
tant mill occasionally mingled with 
the world, but the women were left 
with the home cares, knowing that 
the nearest neighbor was miles away 
through the lonely woods. In these 
days we can hardly realize their 
longing for friendly intercourse. 

We are glad that soon these Pil- 
grim mothers combined their tasks 
with neighborly visits, instituting 
soapmaking and cleaning bees, and 
later, quiltings, huskings, and paring 
bees were added to the scanty social 
intercourse, allowed by the Puritans 
on the Sabbath in the hour between 
the two long sermons. 

Franklin, the enterprising city at 
the head of the Merrimack, has had 
no unique social experience. Situated 



WOMEN'S CLUBS IX FRANKLIN. 



33; 



at the junction of the swiftly flowing 
Pemigewasset, fresh from the White 
Hills and the more constant Winni- 
piseogee, the outlet of our charming 
lake, it was once the scene of Indian 
life. Those red men of old spoke of 
the place as " the meeting of the 
waters," and all traditions seem to 
indicate this as a peaceful hunting 
ground. The relics of those times, 
found here in such quantities, are 
generally those for household or 
decorative use. Mortars, go'uges, 
axes, pictured charms or amulets all 
indicate a life of friendly concord. 
Our imagination pictures those 
braves, quietly dwelling between 
our beautiful rivers, where the plen- 
tiful shad and salmon provided for 
their needs. How gladly would we 
draw back the curtain of the past 
and learn of the aspirations of the 
Indian maidens or the pride of the 
squaws as they compared the strength 
and agility of their pappooses while 
together they mended the nets or 
cooked the fish. To us of to-day 
this seems a limited outlook. 

The early years of the white settle- 
ments here seem to us full of hard- 
ships and privations. Still we learn 
that early in the history of this com- 
munity were schools established and 
the intellectual life was fostered by 
the literary efforts and forensic de- 
bates of the old lyceums. To these 
meetings as a special privilege the 
ladies were admitted and allowed to 
listen, and we boast of Franklin's 
advance sentiment, since records 
show that nearly sixty years ago, on 
motion of Hon. A. F. Pike, then a 
law student here, afterwards United 
States senator, women were allowed 
to help in the editing of the lyceum 
paper. 



Sewing circles. Chautauqua circles. 
and reading clubs have all had their 
place, but these were all confined to 
the limits of church or neighborhood. 

As Franklin became larger a 



Mrs. Eiia M. Stone. 
Second President Woman's Club. 

broader acquaintance among her wo- 
men seemed desirable. Mrs. Sarah 
Gerould Blodgett, always active 
in any advance movement, had long 
felt this need of something to draw 
into common bonds, without church 
or class distinctions, the women of 
Franklin. At her invitation ten 
ladies gathered at the home of Mrs. 
A. W. Sulloway, who kindly offered 
her parlors for this meeting. 

The result was the formation of the 
Franklin Woman's Club, October 7, 
1895, with sixteen charter members. 
The membership of the club has al- 
ways been unlimited, all being cor- 
dially received, with the result of 126 
members at the present time. 

Mrs. Blodgett was president for the 



33« 



WOMEN'S CLUBS IN FRANKLIN. 



first three years, and to her untiring 
zeal and persistent efforts for the 
good of all, is due much of the suc- 
cess of the club. Mrs. Ella M. Stone 
succeeded her as president and con- 
tinued the lofty standard already at- 
tained. Both of these ladies have 
laid aside all personal feelings in 
their interest for the club, and they 
surely merit the gratitude of all for 
their effoits. Miss Maiv A. Proctor 



Miss Elizabeth Cement. 
Vice-President JVonnru's Club. 

and Miss Elizabeth Clement as vice- 
presidents have ably seconded the 
efforts of both presidents, while the 
other officers, without exception, have 
proved very efficient. 

For four years the meetings of the 
club were divided among the commit- 
tees having for subjects, education, 
science, philanthropy, art and litera- 
ture, domestic economy, music, and 
current events. Each committee 
arranged for a lecture by an out of 
town speaker for one meeting and 



home papers for the other meeting. 
During the past year a change has 
proved very satisfactory. Colonial 
Xew Hampshire has been accepted 
as the special line of work. Thus, 
variety has been secured by the lec- 
tures, while a general trend in the 
direction of home history has been 
given to the reading and study of the 
members. 

Very interesting papers have been 
given on " New Hampshire as a 
Royal Province, " "Early English 
Settlements," "Scotch Irish in New 
Hampshire," "New Hampshire's 
Revolutionary Heroes," while more 
intimate home life in colonial times 
has been depicted by papers on " Co- 
lonial Architecture," "Early Pot- 
tery," " Paupers and Slaves," " Child- 
life in the Olden Times," "Domes- 
tic Life of our Ancestors," "Legends 
of the Merrimack Valley," "Early 
Literature," and the " Gardens of 
our Grandmothers." These papers, 
with six very instructive lectures 
given by Rev. E. R. Wilkins and 
Mr. Geo. H. Moses of Concord, Mrs. 
Alice P. Norton of Auburndale, Dr. 
Waterman of Claremont, Prof. E. J. 
Burnham of Manchester, and Miss- 
Mabel S. Emery of Boston, have 
given a variety and consequent 
stimulus to every mind. "Current 
events" of the day as given in 
papers or talks have had an occa- 
sional place on the programme, while 
the musical ability of its members 
has given the club much pleasure at 
many of its meetings. In many 
ways it is felt that the club has done 
much in developing the latent talents 
of its members, who have quite will- 
ingly undertaken the tasks assigned 
them. 

The social committee connected 



WOMEN'S CLUBS LY FRANKLIN 



339 



with the club has had uo small part 
in its success. Club teas have given 
opportunity for occasional social hours, 
while <; Gentlemen's N ight " each year 
has been an important social event, 
when the men were "so glad" their 
wives belonged. This is an innova- 
tion on the time when women were 
simply tolerated at social and literary 
functions. A pleasant feature of the 
club has been the interchange of 
courtesies with the Tilton and Xorth- 
•field club. Thus through the clubs 
the social bonds between these places 
have been strengthened. 

The Franklin club became a part 
•of the State Federation, March 6, 
1896, and has received its share of 
honors. Mrs. Blodgett and Miss 
Proctor have ably represented us by 
papers at the annual meetings, while 
Mrs. Martha K. Staples has served 
the Federation for three years as a 
member of the committee on soci- 
ology. Mrs. Blodgett, who was the 
promoter of the State Conference of 
Charities and Corrections, has ad- 
dressed several clubs in the state, 
•always leaving an influence in behalf 
of the unfortunates around us. Mrs. 
Ellen E. Webster has also awakened 
an interest in several clubs by her 
enthusiastic talks upon birds and her 
pleas for their protection. 

In honor of our first president, the 
club adopted her favorite color, lav- 
ender, as club color, and the last 
year-books appeared dressed in that 
shade. 

As a club, no special public or 
philanthropic enterprise has been 
undertaken, but it surely has fulfilled 
its object as expressed in its consti- 
tution "to broaden and strengthen 
the moral, social, and intellectual life 
•of its members, and through them to 



make itself a power for good in the 
community." 

As in all places of its size, Frank- 
lin has its church and neighborhood 
cliques but these have all come to- 
gether in the club. The city is di- 
vided by rivers, but sectional differ- 
ences are forgotten in this work. 
The women 011 the opposite hills 
clasp hands in the general club inter- 
est. We have learned to know each 



- "UK 






Mrs. Ellen E. Webster. 
President A udnbon Society. 

other better as our interests have be- 
come mutual. 

While the Woman's Club, in a 
broad way, has touched a variety 
of subjects, special interest in our 
feathered neighbors caused an Audu- 
bon Society to be formed in May, 
1897. This society has been very 
fortunate in having for its president 
and enthusiastic leader, Mrs. Ellen 
E. Webster, while Mrs. Helen E. 
Sanborn has been a faithful and 
painstaking secretary. Careful study 



340 



A QUA TRAIN. 



and pleasant met tings have opened 
new fields of interest to the members. 
During the winter the society lias 
held class drills on our native birds, 
which ought to enable its members 



^ — * — -• 



Miss Grace E. Stevens. 
President Association Club, connected with V. II'. C. A. 

to identify our common feathered 
visitors. Records are kept of all the 
birds seen in this locality. During 
the summer, field meetings have been 
pleasant occasions. The economic 
feature of bird preservation has not 
been overlooked. Laws for their pro- 
tection have been carefully posted in 
and about town. Indirectly through 



the influence of this society much or- 
nithological interest has been aroused 
in the public schools. 

A botanical department of this so- 
ciety, under the guidance of Miss 
Proctor, has carefully studied the 
ferns of this vicinity. The two lines 
of study prove very attractive, only it 
is found a difficult task to look both 
upward and downward at once. 

As the meetings of the Woman's 
Club are held in the afternoon, many 
who are occupied during the day are 
necessarily debarred from its privi- 
leges. The Young Woman's Chris- 
tian Association, through its educa- 
tional committee, during the past 
year, has sustained an "Association 
Club." While a branch of the 
Y. W. C. A., it has its own officers 
and constitution. Current Events 
have alternated with Practical Talks 
on various subjects. Some papers 
given at the Woman's Club have 
been repeated here, and other friends 
have kindly furnished delightful 
evenings. 

Anything that broadens the out- 
look upon life and stimulates thought 
upon ennobling subjects cannot fail 
to have a beneficent influence upon 
the people of to-day, and thus upon 
the nation of to-morrow. While this 
continues to be the object of our va- 
rious clubs, we wish them abundant 
prosperity. 



A QUATRAIN. 

Hy Clara B. Heath. 

If the faults of a friend we wish to prove 
There is nothing lost by delay ; 

And to-morrow will do for a labor of love, 
But a wrong should be righted to-day. 



3HI 



THE DESTRUCTIVE TEXT CATERPILLARS. 



By Ci 



ireuce Moores 



Teed. 



f| g] M people of Xew England have 
£j )§ Ml had their attention repeatedly 



3iURlXG the last few years the 

e 

called to the depredations of 
out two species of Tent caterpil- 
lars. They have seen the culmina- 
tion of an outbreak of the convinon 
American Tent caterpillar of the 



Fig. i . The 



ican Yer.t Caterpil ! 



roadside and orchard, and the de- 
velopment of a very serious outbreak 
of the Forest Tent caterpillar. In 
bulletins issued by the New Hamp- 
shire College Agricultural Experi- 
ment station I have discussed the 
economic phases of these outbreaks, 
and I wish in this article to point out 
some of the more interesting pecu- 
liarities of these insects considered 
from the point of view of adaptation 
of habit to surroundings. For these 
creatures, like most others, are what 
they are simply by virtue of their 
gradual adaptation to the special con- 
ditions of their lives. 



congregated 



One of the best examples of a tent- 
making insect is found in the com- 
mon American Tent caterpillar of the 
orchard and highway. In July the 
eggs of this insect are laid in masses 
of two hundred or more which encir- 
cle the twigs of wild cherry and ap- 
ple trees. They remain unhatched 
until early the following spring, 
then the tiny caterpillars gnaw holes 
in the egg shells, and crawl out. 
When they first emerge the)- hud- 
dle together on the mass of empty 
shells, but they soon migrate to 
the nearest fork in the .twig. From 
the time of hatching they spin wher- 
ever they go a silken web. 

When they have 
on the forked 
twig they spin 
a web over as 
well as under 
themselves, and 
this web thus 
becomes a shel- 
tering tent. 
Sometimes this 
shelter tent is 
made so near 
the original 
place of hatch- 
ing that it cov- 
ers the empty 
mass of egg 
shells. Such 
a condition is 
illustrated in 
Fi<r. 2. 



r 



_ 



2. SmiM tent over 
egg-masS. 



342 



THE DESTRUCTIVE TEXT CATERPILLARS. 




Fig. 3. Ter.t where s-everai limbs branc.n out. 

From the shelter tent they have 
thus provided, the caterpillars inarch 
along the twig to the unfolding leaves. 
Upon these they feed, returning to 
shelter again when hunger is satis- 
fied. To go out and come in the lit- 
tle architects have left one or more 
openings which serve as doorways. 
They remain within the tent at night, 
and much of the time in rainy weath- 
er. New layers of silk are added to 
the outside of the tent as the days go by. 

It commonly happens that the first 
tent is made near the end of the 
branch in the fork of a small twig. 
In such cases the food supply beyond 
the tent is soon exhausted, and it is 
difficult to enlarge the shelter be- 
cause there are but the two branches 
to build it upon. Consequently it 
can only be a flat tent, with little 
room inside. 

To avoid these difficulties the cat- 
erpillars, as they grow larger often 
migrate down the limb to a place 
where three or more branches go off 
in various directions. Here a new 
and larger tent is built, doors being 
left in suitable places. This home 
now becomes the center of a new area 
of leaf destruction as the caterpillars 
crawl along the various branches to 
feed upon the foliage. 



The most critical periods in the 
lives of caterpillars are the moulting 
periods. The insects are then slug- 
gish ami unable to defend themselves 
by wiiggle or flight. Of course these 
tent caterpillars utilize their shelter 
during these dangerous days, so that 
on the inside of a large tent you may 
always find the cast skins of the dif- 
ferent moults that the larvae have 
passed through. 

As the caterpillars go back and 



Fig. 4. Tent near end of branch enclosing many twigs. 

forth from shelter to food and from 
food to shelter the}* travel along the 
same paths day after day. As each 
crawls it spins the ever present thread 
— perhaps originally designed to 
guide it back to the nest. The addi- 
tion of thread to thread along the 
route soon develops a distinct white 
ribbon of silk which marks the path- 
way and serves as a foothold to the 
marching caterpillars. In trees hav- 
ing large colonies of caterpillars these 
silken bands along the trunks and 
branches become very conspicuous. 

It is an interesting sight to see 
these caterpillars at work adding new 



THE DESTRUCTIVE TENT CATERPILLARS 



343 



layers to the nest. A considerable 
number of them assist in the opera- 
tion, some on the outside, others just 
inside the outer layer. They walk 
rapidly back and forth, spinning as 
they go the silken thread. Each of 
the caterpillars on the outside may be 
seen attaching the end of its thread 
to the bark of the twig at one end of 
its line of march, the i promptly turn- 
ing and repeating the action at the 
other end. They are careful not to 
•close the doors by carrying silk across 
the openings. 

In about six weeks from the time 
■of hatching the caterpillars become 
full grown. Each is then nearly two 
inches long, with a hairy body orna- 
mented by a distinct white stripe 
along the middle of the back, on 
•each side of which are numerous 
short, yellow, longitudinal lines, 
rather irregularly arranged. The 
•sides are partially covered with paler 
lines, spotted and streaked with blue, 
while the lower surface of the body is 
black. 

Sometimes two or three colonies of 
the nearly full grown caterpillars will 



\ 



y-' 



.: — ■—+ — - __. .. 



I 



Fig. 5. Tent near e-,d of branch enclosing few twig: 



unite in making a large tent at the 
base of the lower limbs of a tree. 
Such multiple colonies result from 
the fact that the nests higher up 
have not room enough to accommo- 
date the caterpillars as they approach 
the full size. So each colony mi- 
grates down the limb to build a nest 
in more commodious quarters. As 
one colony migrates down one limb 
another maybe coming down another 
limb, and the two combine to build 
at the base. Of course it would 
rarely happen that these colonies 
would thus move at exactly the same 
time, but the result would be practi- 
cally the same if the}* came at nearly 
the same time. 

The tent, whether made by one 
colony or more, is too small for all the 
caterpillars to remain in it and spin 
their cocoons. Most of them crawl 
down the trunk of the tree and wan- 
der over the ground, seeking a safe 
shelter for the next stage of exis- 
tence. When they find a satisfactory 
situation — such as the underside of a 
board, beneath loose bark, or in 
cracks of a fence — each spins an oval 
silken cocoon within which it changes 
to the quiet pupa state. Two or 
three weeks later it emerges as a 
brown moth. 

Xow what advantages does the 
possession of the tent give the cater- 
pillars? Do the}' derive substantial 
benefit from it, or is it merely a use- 
less device ? 

To answer these questions we 
should consider the lives of the 
caterpillars in at least three relations, 
namely : First, their relation to cold ; 
second, their relation to rain or snow ; 
third, their relation to insect and ver- 
tebrate enemies. 

The relation of tent caterpillars to 



344 



THE DESTRUCTIVE TENT CATERPILLARS. 



cold is an important one. Entomolo- 
gists who rear caterpillars know that 
in warm weather they grow rapidly, 
while during cold spells they grow 
little or not at all. Now the animal 




Fig. 6. Tent Caterpillars taking a sun bath. 

heat in two or three hundred cater- 
pillars is considerable, and if it can 
be confined to a limited space it must 
make quite a difference in the tem- 
perature as it is felt by the larvae 
themselves. These caterpillars de- 
velop during a period when the 
nights are commonly cold and the 
days are often damp and chilly. 
They hatch in early spring, gener- 
ally as soon as the first leaves of the 
earliest trees begin to expand, and 
become almost or quite full grown by 
the first of June. It seems probable 
that the tent is of decided value in 
preventing radiation of animal heat 
from within and the entrance of at- 
mospheric cold from without, thus 
increasing the temperature in which 
the larvae live. 

That these caterpillars are sensi- 
tive to heat and cold is shown by the 
way in which they congregate on the 



outside of the nests during hours of 
bright days. One may often see 
large numbers of them thus taking 
theii sunbaths. (Fig. 6.) 

The American Tent caterpillars 
feed normally upon the leaves of ap- 
ple and wild cherry trees. These 
are two of the earliest trees to push 
out foliage in the spring. The 
closely related Forest Tent caterpil- 
lais — which does not make so com- 
plete a shelter tent — feeds generally 
upon oak and maple leaves which 
are comparatively late in pushing 
out. The caterpillars of the latter 
species are correspondingly late in 
hatching. Is there any reason why 
the apple and wild cherry caterpillars 
are in greater need of a shelter tent 
than are the others? 

The relation of these caterpillars to 
storms is also important. In the 
spring of 189S, just after the cater- 
pillars had hatched and before they 
had time to build their tents, there 
was in central New England a heavy 
and long continued rain storm. Di- 
rectly afterwards I examined a con- 
siderable number of Tent caterpillar 
colonies and found that the only sur- 
vivors were those congregated on the 
undersides of the egg masses, where 
they were not subjected to the wash- 
ing effects of the rain. The destruc- 
tion of caterpillar life during the 
storm had been enormous. Just 
such storms are common in April 
and May ; unless the shelter tent 
protected them the caterpillars would 
be constantly exposed to the danger 
of being washed away. 

In what way does the shelter tent 
protect these caterpillars from its 
host of living enemies? It greatly 
reduces the period of exposure to the 
attacks of predaceous beetles : some 



fe 















. 









THE DESTRUCTIVE TENT CATERPILLARS, 



345 



of the larger species of these — notably 
the catei pillar hunters of the genus 
Calosoma — would be likely to devour 
any caterpillars which they came 
across in their wanderings, but they 
would not be likely to enter the tent 
for them. It also prevents, to a con- 
siderable extent, the attacks of many 
birds, although not all of them. It 
makes the attacks of wasps and para- 
sites more difficult during the moult- 
ing periods. 

But the tent is by no means' a com- 
plete safeguard against all enemies. 
Some birds like the cuckoos and 
the Baltimore oriole have learned to 
make holes in the web and to tear 
out the larva? concealed within, while 
some ichneumon flies appear to have 
learned how to enter the nest for the 
purpose of depositing their eggs. 

It has just been said that the Bal- 
timore oriole and the cuckoos feed 



,. ~. ..- .. ... 




Fig. 1 . Tent attacked by bi 






upon the.-e larvae. In Fig. 7 a nest 
is shown in which holes have been 
made by one of these birds for the 
purpose of extracting the caterpillars. 
The orioles are more likely simply to 
pierce the skin of the caterpillar and 



to extract some of the body contents, 
while tire cuckoos swallow the insect 
whole. In the stomach of the black- 
billed cuckoo dozens of these cater- 
pillars have been found. 



■ ... / :^ 






fc. 



Cater 



id by disease. 



This difference in manner of feed- 
ing may help to determine whether 
a given caterpillar's nest has been 
raided by oriole or cuckoo. If there 
are many dead and mutilated larvse 
on the branches near the tent it was 
probably an oriole. If the caterpil- 
lars are gone and there are no such 
remains it was probably a cuckoo. 

There is one sort of danger, how- 
ever, to which the colonial lives of 
these Tent caterpillars render them 
peculiarly liable. This is the rav- 
ages of bacterial diseases. These dis- 
eases attack many insects especially 
caterpillars. They are very conta- 
gious, so that if one larva in the col- 
ony becomes infected the others are 
likely to suffer because in the crowded 
quarters of the tent it is inevitable 
that the germs shall spread. 

That this is no imaginary danger 
is shown by many observations. In 
New England in 1S98 there was a 
culmination of an outbreak of the 
Orchard Tent caterpillar that had 
lasted many years. The chief agency 



346 



EVENING. 






iu reducing the 
outbreak was a 
disease which ap- 
peared d u r i n g 
damp weather in 
M a>- and en rly 
June and killed 
nearly all of the 
larvce. On every 
tent the dead and 
decaying laryse 
could be seen by 
scores (Fig. S), and 
as a result there 
were very f e w 
nests to be seen 
in 1S99. 

The Forest Tent caterpillar is a 
species closely related to the Ameri- 
can Tent caterpillar, belonging to 
the same genus. In appearance and 
habits it is quite similar, yet it dif- 
fers remarkably in its not making a 
definite protecting tent. It passes 



Fig. 9. Miniature tent of 
Forest Tent Caterpillar, 
with cast skins. 



the winter in the egg state, the eggs 
being deposited in ring-like masses 
on the twigs of trees. The cater- 
pillars hatch in spring about the 
time leaves begin to unfold. They 
feed upon the tender foliage and web 
up more or less the leaves at the end 
of the twigs. Sometimes they make 
such a miniature tent as is shown 
in Fig. 9. When they become full 
grown as caterpillars they spin silken 
cocoons, often using the leaves of trees 
as outer coverings for the cocoons. 

In these insects the tent-making in- 
stinct has not been developed. The 
caterpillars have, however, the in- 
stinct to congregate in masses when 
not feeding, and especially when 
moulting. It seems probable that 
the tent-making instinct of the com- 
mon American Tent caterpillar is a 
later development from a species in 
which this general habit of congrega- 
tion was present. 



EVENING. 
By Hervey Lucius Woodward. 

Behold the King of Day receding 
Through the distant western gate, 

His golden beams in magic splendor 
Flood the world in princely state. 

The Seecy clouds all crimson tinted, 

Floating past the setting sun 
Are riv'ling him in glow r and grandeur, 

As they pass him one by one. 

The rising zephyrs, gently stirring, 

Fan the willow and the pine ; 
The notes of feathered songsters come from 

Where the branches intertwine. 

And through the landscape flows a river 

In a broad majestic stream, 
Reflecting on its glassy bosom, 

Evening's last receding beam. 



<3*y? 



Hampton, frcrr. Cemetery Hi 



THE AWAKENING OF A TOWN. 
By Richard Pattee. 



.' _.;. . .;. _._..;. 



TrzzP: 



^^ 



ilFIEX the "King of Boy- 
ville " awakened to a sen- 
timent, he attested the fact 
by a startling series of 
somersaults, hand springs, and other 
gymnastic performances. 

By methods almost as startling 
and unusual a little New Hampshhe 
town is seeking to attract to itself 
admiration and favor from the object 
upon which it has set its heart. The 
methods adopted are, by reason of 
their novelty and merit, worthy of 
description. 

New Hampton is situated very 
near the geographical center of the 
state, just north of the divide which 
separates the mountain country from 
the valley of the Merrimack. The 
town, hardly more than three miles 



wide, extends fifteen miles along the 
east bank of the Pemigewasset river. 
The extreme ends of the town have 
little in common, save taxes and a 
voting place. Two cross ranges of 
hills divide the town into three dis- 
tinct sections. The south end, sep- 
arated by the hills from the rest of 
the town, finds its market place and 
railroad point, post-office, social and 
business center at Bristol, just across 
the river. For similar reasons the 
inhabitants of the north end fiud 
their interests largely identified with 
the town of Ashland. 

In the cross section between the 
northern and southern hills lies the 
village of New Hampton, a quiet,, 
sleepy little hamlet, whose sole life 
and support has been the academy. 



' 









14S 



NEW HAMPTON. 



' 



Slh?s! "*^ : ^Vl 












x£ii.' ■)--!. *.+Mi .J.fcJ.i 



Loo 



Northeast frorr : Bald Led.^e. Beecn Hi 



where, for eighty years, young men 
and young women from far and near 
have come under the tutelage and 
inspiration of the robust manhood, 
Christian piety, and sturdy character, 
which have given to New Hampton 
Institution a prominent place among 
educational institutions in New Eng- 
land. 

Without a mill, without a railroad, 
New Hampton watched and waited 
while her hills were slowly stripped 
of lumber, her farms abandoned, and 
her people -moved away. Slowly the 
valuation grew less, gradually the 
rate of taxation increased, and tales 
of former prosperity grew more vivid 
as that time grew more distant. 

The minds of the people were in 
a receptive mood when the question 
was raised by the local grange, 
"What can we do to benefit the 
farms and farmers of our town ? " It 
was answered, <l Make New Hump- 
ton a summer resort; " and they set 
about to do it. 



New Hampton has an advantage- 
ous location, scenic attractions wor- 
th}- of exploitation, and, best of all, 
a spirit of enterprise and determina- 
tion, a combination sure to win. 

The novelty and merit of the meth- 
ods employed in advertising this lit- 
tle town deserve attention. Last 
year the work of advertising was be- 
gun by the local grange. It was so 
successful that the people of the 
whole town entered into the scheme, 
appropriating at their last town-meet- 
ing a sum of money to be spent 
in advertising. By reason of some 
legal technicality this sum did not 
become available, but patriotic citi- 
zens raised by contribution a fund 
for carrying on this work. An or- 
ganized effort made to secure funds 
from those to be most directly bene- 
fited by this enterprise, doubled the 
advertising fund, while there was 
given, in May, an entertainment, the 
proceeds of which are to be used for 
the same purpose. ... 



' 



(VEIV HAMPTON 



349 



The first step in this undertaking 
was to employ a young man, some- 
what experienced in this line of 
work, to devote his whole time to 
the prosecution of this enterprise. 
The appointment as census enumera- 
tor for the district in which New 



Perhaps the most unusual and not 
the least efficient part of this town's 
scheme of advertising is the main- 
tenance of a "press bureau," which 
furnishes copy to newspapers and 
other publications that can use it. 
By a similar arrangement last year 



Hampton is situated was secured for many columns of matter descriptive 
this young man, giving him acquain- 
tance with the people and the re- 
sources of the town and nearly pay- 
ing his salary for the season's work. 
The active support of the Boston & 
Maine railroad was then enlisted. 



of the town were placed in publica- 
tions of wide circulation, and not a 
little notice was attracted. This 
year the work of this ''department'' 
is more thoroughly organized. Ar- 
rang-enients will be made to furnish 



Through the passenger department New Hampton news to the weekly 
of that road, large quantities of ad- papers of surrounding towns. Mat- 



vertising matter, now in course of 
preparation, are to be distributed. 
The services of a photographer were 
secured, and new pictures of New 
Hampton scenes, added to a collec- 
tion made in a similar way last year. 
Several of these pictures are being 



ter will be furnished to the dailies of 
this and neighboring states. The 
name and address of every person 
stopping any length of time in town 
wili be secured, and items concern- 
ing such persons sent to the papers 
published in their home towns. It is 



enlarged for display in the cities of hoped thereby to create inquiry con- 



southern New England. 



cerning the town among the friends 



r s i'v- \\ w 






1 :,- ■ ■ 




/ 



ft 3 



Buiidir.^s of New Hampton Literary Ins tit 




. 



-. • • ■ 



35° 



NEW HAMPTON. 



and neighbors of Xew Hampton's 
summer visitors^ and by making each 
guest a living advertisement to add 
to the town's following in coming 
years. This press bureau has also 
in preparation stories which it is 
hoped will be accepted by some of 
the leading dailies and weeklies of 
New England. The printed matter 
sent out will be handsomely illus- 
trated with half-tone cuts of Xew 
Hampton scenes. 

Another worthy feature of the work 



Ikfe? 



!V*0, 



" Spec : Pond. 

undertaken is the effort to find pur- 
chasers and occupants for all habit- 
able places within the town. To this 
end every house in town, either va- 
cant or occupied, which is for sale, is 
to be listed, with a complete descip- 
tion of the property, price, terms, 
name and address of owner. This 
information will be placed in the 
hands of real estate men in the cities, 
and of such other parties as are likely 
to be interested in the matter. 

In this connection mention should 
be made of the work of the local Old 
Home Association. New Hampton 
was the only town in Belknap county 
to report an Old Home Week cele- 
bration last year. The plans for the 



present year include the preparation 
of a map showing the location of all 
the houses built in town, the names, 
and, as far as possible, the present 
addresses of those who lived in each 
of these houses, together with the 
dates of such occupancy. This 
work will develop much matter 
of historical value. It is designed to 
furnish to every one who has moved 
away, and especially to those born in 
New Hampton, a complete descrip- 
tion of the place or places in town 
where he or she once lived, to- 
gether with price and present 
owner's name and address, if 
such place is now for sale. It 
-^ is hoped that this effort will re- 
"j suit in the purchase and reoccu- 
pation for a part of each year, 
at least, of some of New Hamp- 
ton's now deserted farms. 

New Hampton is by no means 
in a destitute condition. Her 
people are alive to the fact 
Hi that permanent success depends 
upon their readiness and abil- 
ity to be worthy of it. Good 
roads and attractive dwellings are a 
town's best recommendation. Last 
year a movement to improve the ap- 
pearance of the place resulted in the 
removal of much unsightliness, es- 
pecially in the village. The street 
was evened and graded, a public 
drinking fountain ordered, the vil- 
lage church rebuilt, under the direc- 
tion of a New Hampton boy, now a 
Boston architect. Under the leader- 
ship of the grange, many citizens de- 
voted a day to clearing paths to adja- 
cent hilltops and other points of in- 
terest. Signs were placed pointing 
the way to attractive spots. 

This year strenuous effort is being 
made to remove the bushes which are 



POET SONGS, 



oi 



in some places so grown as to clog 
the way and spoil the magnificent 
views from the hillside roads. Elec- 
tric lights for street and household 
use are another of this year's village 
improvements. 

Nowhere in the country can a more 
desirable place for a summer home be 
found. Her scenery is magnificent, 
her hills as hard and high as any 
woman ought to climb, her streams 
are stocked with fish, her ponds are 
big enough to sail, her people hospi- 
tality itself. 

The late Judge Nash of Boston 
presented to his native town a free 
library, than which there is none 
finer north oi Concord ; Dr. A. J. 
Gordon saved the old, square-pewed 



Dana meeting-house from destruction 
by the contributions received for that 
purpose from the crowds who assem- 
bled there to hear that celebrated 
divine preach in the town which gave 
him birth. 

The late Geo. H. Dicker man se- 
lected New Hampton as trie site of a 
$50,000 trout hatcher\- and preserve ; 
ex-Congressman Walker of Massa- 
chusetts maintains, high up on the 
"Pinnacle," a model stock farm and 
commodious summer home. 

There can hardly be any doubt of 
New Hampton's entire success in the 
undertaking to make of herself a 
summer resort. In the words of the 
master of the State Grange " her 
efforts will be an example for others/' 



POET SOXGS. 

By Mary M. Currier. 

Each poet has his own sweet song, 

As. have the birds that sing ; 
Distinctive notes to each belong 

That from their natures spring. 

Great Milton, from the world apart, 

In darkness and alone, 
His bosom thorn-pierced, thrills the heart 

With Philomela's tone. 



Like the bird with the crimson breast 
That shares our humble life 

Is Wordsworth, cheerful, self-possessed, 
Singing of common strife. 

O Shelly, what is like to thee, 

Ethereal and strong? 
Is the lark, that we may not see 

Although we hear its soim ? 



3SJ 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE. 

FIRST BISHOP OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
By AY. AVw. JF. /F. A77«, D. D. 



HAVE the honor to be address- 
ing you to-day regarding my 
predecessor in office, a man to 
whom I never spoke, and, whom 
I but once saw. But 4 - by their fruits 
ye shall know them,' 1 and coming 
next after him, I am able, better than 
another, to bear my testimony in 
memory of a really eminent son of 
New Hampshire. And I account it 
a gracious thing on your part to have 
bidden mc to this duty. 

It is with a most deep and high 
regard that I approach the study of 
a man like Carlton Chase. Born in 
Hopkinton, on ''Dimond's Hill," 
February 20, 1794, son of Capt. 
Charles and Sarah (Currier) Chase, 
and grandson of Capt. Jonathan 
Chase, he came of sound New Eng- 
land stock. A better than this of New 
England, out of which to form a man, 
I would not know where in all the 
world to seek. And young Chase 
brought to it no stain or reproach. 
In the common schools and in the 
academy at Salisbury he was fitted 
for college. He was admitted at 
Dartmouth college in September, 
1S13, and he was graduated in 18:7. 
In college, becoming deeply im- 
pressed with the privileges and ob- 
ligations of a Christian life, and hav- 
ing given considerable study to mat- 
ters pertaining to the Church, in his 
senior year he rode on horseback 
fifty miles to receive holy baptism at 



the hands of the Rev. Mr. Andrus> 
rector at Hopkinton. His excellent 
mother was of a stout Baptist family. 
His father later in life connected him- 
self with the Episcopal Church. Carl- 
ton soon gave over all thought of the 
law and devoted himself to the holy 
ministry. 

He engaged himself two or three 
terms in .teaching school in Hop- 
kinton and in "Concord Street," 
wherever this latter is. Here he 
won distinction by taming, through 
his own self-control and dignified 
firmness, a crowd of boys of evil re- 
pute as " unruly." 

Mr. Chase's theological studies 
were pursued in Rhode Island under 
the venerable and holy Griswold, 
bishop of the " Eastern diocese," by 
whom he was afterwards ordained. 
The fall of 18 19 found him settled 
over the parish of Immanuel church 
in Bellows Falls. There he minis- 
tered, in humility and love, a quar- 
ter of a century, until chosen to be 
bishop of New Hampshire. In that 
diocese of Vermont, not less than in 
his own parish and town, Mr. Chase 
was held in high esteem, and he 
filled the most important offices in 
the Church's gift. 

While in Vermont he gathered 
much material for a history of his 
Church in that state. He wrote to 
the several pastors soliciting facts, 
touching their parishes, and a some- 



/J/S/fOP CARLTON CHASE. 



what extended report by hina was 
printed in Thompson's Gazetteer of 
Vermont. 
In 1832 Mr. Chase, was elected an 

honorary member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, which so- 
ciety brings us together to-night. 
He was also a Royal Arch Mason, 
and delivered Masonic addresses in 
several places. 

The 20th day of October, 1844, in 
Christ churph, Philadelphia, — the 
church ill which Washington used to 
worship, — Carlton Chase was conse- 
crated a bishop in the Church of God. 
The Rt. Rev. Philander Chase, great 
man of the West, a kinsman of our 
bishop, whose early life was spent in 
Xew Hampshire, acted as chief-con- 
secrator. He was assisted by four 
bishops, of whom was Smith of Ken- 
tucky, twenty- six years later my Con- 
secrator in Concord. 

To the forming of any just estimate 
of Bishop Chase it ought to be re- 
membered that lie never knew such a 
thing, from childhood, as vigorous, 
robust health. His son has written 
it down that what little constitution 
his father possessed was pretty nearly 
destroyed by a very severe illness in 
college. And, other disorders follow- 
ing at various times, he was, in his 
son's language, "one of those men 
who live on to a comparative old age 
in a condition not far removed from 
sickness." This, perhaps, being 
added to his natural gravity explains 
why he engaged in none of the col- 
lege sports (only sitting by, some- 
times, and quietly enjoying them), 
or much in the earlier frolics of child- 
hood. Serious, conscientious, deeply 
religion^, the sportive element was 
far from prominent at all times. 
Neither imagination nor fancv seems 



to have had in him very vivid or 
nimble play. So that, to carry him 
through the hard passages in his 
official life, considerably more of 
divine grace was needed than serves, 
for those to whom is given a very 
keen sense of the ludicrous, and who- 
are kept longer alive by the humor- 
ous aspect of things. 

But if Bishop Chase would have 
objected to be set down as a man of 
wit, he certainly possessed no small 
endowment of quiet humor. I recall 
to mind personal letters which ' he 
wrote me when I was editor of The 
Chunk ma):, which were delightful 
reading, full of the play of a genuine 
humor. When I mentioned this at 
the time to a highly accomplished 
man, he replied: "Bishop Chase 
has a real distinction as a writer of 
letters." His mental associates, 
Coleridge, Addison, Burke, Dr. 
Samuel Johnson, Goldsmith, Walter 
Scott, and the rest, were men who 
cared both for the substance and the 
form in writing. Moreover, a fixed 
habit of this man's life was to do well 
whatever he thought worth doing at 
all. This reached not to the thoughts 
only and their expression, but to his 
clear and finished handwriting as 
well. 

The genial, sly humor in which he 
was not wanting, shows itself in many 
a little touch in his private diary. 
Fond of gardening and of the culture 
of trees and vines, Dr. Chase used to 
record just what he had done in each 
instance. One scion which he had 
gotten with some difficult}-, and had 
engrafted as he thought skilfully, 
gave him much hope and confidence, 
All this he records at large. Later 
this is written in, "It failed, not- 
withstanding:." 



354 



ffrsrfOP CARLirrN chase. 



Once, journeying by stage conch, a 
noisy, smart infidel was loudly setting 
himself forth, avid his tollies, to the 
fatigue of the good people who made 
up the group. " That story in Gene- 
sis, about the creation and the malt- 
ing of the stars also, what is 4.hat 
good for! Every intelligent person 
knows that the second chapter con- 
tradicts the first, and that the whole 
narrative is a bundle of inconsisten- 
cies aud errors." The patient bishop 
having endured to the utmost, aud, 
perhaps, bethinking him of that most 
wholesome advice: "Answer a fool 
according to his folly, lest he be wise 
in his own conceit," said quietly, 
"Have you ever heard of a lately 
discovered book in which all these 
things are explained, and the diffi- 
culties wholly removed?" "What 
book is that ? " exclaimed the brawl- 
er. "The book of Jaazaniah," said 
the bishop. ":I 'm afraid you haven't 
read it." "Oh, yes, I have," said 
he, " yes I have. I Ye read it through 
twice, but there is nothing to it : ! " 
Then was the time for the Christian 
sufferers to do the shouting, their dis- 
turber having so beautifully walked 
into the trap. 

The bishop felt always a deep 
sympathy with the people inclined 
by their bringing up to be religious 
but living inconveniently far from 
the public worship of God. I. have 
just now read through reports made 
during his entire episcopate to the 
annual convention of the Church, and 
I am much impressed with the good 
man's solicitude always for all Chris- 
tians, and especially, of course, for 
them that were members of his com- 
munion, who could not often get to 
church. The very closing sentence 
of his last address delivered, speak- 



ing of "needy" neglected places, 
lias these words : " I desire to express 
my thanks to those of our clergy 
who have given occasional services. 
Much more of this may be done with- 
out any loss to the stronger churches. 
I wish the clergy would bear this in 
mind. The missionary means of the 
diocese will warrant a moderate ap- 
propriation tor the payment of expen- 
ses." These were Bishop Chase's 
last words to hi's Church in Xew 
Hampshire, and they are words of 
soberness and of Christian com- 
passion. 

Until his health gave way, under 
the weight of advancing years, and 
of labors too manifold, that is to say 
during nineteen years, the bishop 
was rector of an important parish at 
Claremont, as well as in charge of 
the diocese. He, evidently, could 
not personall}" do much in missionary 
work in a general way. with scattered 
folk. He once drove out to some re- 
mote regions to find whether any 
members of his Church could be 
reached. At the inn he inquired 
whether they knew of any Episcopa- 
lians thereabouts. "Never heard of 
any such." was the reply. The 
bishop explained a little what he 
meant, and the man said, " There is 
a pretty decent family down the road 
a mile or so, who moved in a year or 
two ago. They are good neighbors, 
aud good people, with civil well-be- 
•haved children, but they do have 
odd ways. The man gets his family 
together some hour on Sunday and 
the\- read some bible, and they sing 
a hymn. Then they kneel down 
and talk to God out of a book." 
"That's my man," said the bishop, 
and straightway started in pursuit. 
And lo ! it was. 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE. 



355 



Attention has been sharply turned 
the last year to spiritual destitution 
in some of our remote regions, and 
in those sparsely populated. J think 
tills call will do us all very real good, 
and the people in those places, if we 
bestir ourselves lovingly to help. My 
predecessor was more fortunate in his 
vilest than good old Bishop Straciian 
of Toronto in his. 

Several years bishop, the latter had 
not even tried to push out any work 
among the scattered folk living on 
the drear\- flats which pertained to 
his charge, and which now make up 
much of the district called Algoma. 
The bishop had thought the Wesley- 
ans admirably fitted to go among 
these remote people, and to do them 
good. But, being a minister of the 
Church of England, and by birth a 
dutiful Scotchman, after some years 
it pressed itself a little upon his con- 
science that perhaps he ought to in- 
quire into the case of these regions 
and to see whether he should try to 
give occasional ministrations to stray 
members of his own Church. So he 
fitted out a resolute, devout young 
priest with a horse and saddlebag or 
buckboard, and sent him to find what 
he might, and to do any spiritual 
things which came to his hand. Re- 
turning at the fortnight's end, the 
bishop accosted him: "Well, Mr. 
Jones, what is your report? I 've no 
doubt you found a good man}- God- 
fearing people scattered in hamlets 
and on farms, Church of England 
people among them, and many pious 
Wesleyans ministering pretty well to 
their needs." "No, my Lord, not 
many of either. The day before 
yesterday, for instance, being Very 
warm, I set out early and rode all 
day, stopping only for a rest at noon, 



and to bait my horse with fodder, 
which, fortunately, I had brought 
with me, and the nearest approach to 
a Church of England family that I 
saw all that day, and the nearest 
approach to a Wesleyan, my Lord, 
was one emaciated red squirrel, sit- 
ting on his tail, nibbling of a pebble- 
stone, with a great teardrop in each 
eye ! " 

We in Xew Hampshire were not 
in Dr. Chase's day. and are not now, 
in quite that sad case. 

The Rev. Dr. Hubbard, a native 
of Xew Hampshire, and one of the 
strongest and best of our clergy, after 
the bishop's death wrote down these 
words: '• We hardly understand yet, 
brethren, how much we are indebted 
for the present position of our Church 
in this state to the silent, continuous. 
firm, but conciliator)' and kindly in- 
fluence of her first bishop." Nigh 
one third of a century later I, who 
have witnessed the growing out into 
all of fruit that in a community like 
ours could as yet be looked for, from 
the plants of the first bishop's plant- 
ing, do very sincerely add my testi- 
mony to what Dr. Hubbard had said. 
True then, it is after thirty years 
more manifestly true. 

There are, no doubt, some places 
In which the bishop was interested, 
and in which he began work with 
considerable of hope, which have 
not responded to the confidence ex- 
pressed in his conventional remarks. 
As of that favorite engrafted scion 
which promised much and came to 
nothing, time has written the com- 
ment, "It failed, notwithstanding." 
But even these failures — Laconia, 
Ashuelot, Epping — are few, and may 
be but failures for 'a time. The ma- 
terial thing is this, that judging by 



356 



BISHOP CARLTON. CHASE. 



what could then be seen and known 
no place was entered on and no insti- 
tution was favored, which did not 

then warrant his action. And. so 
far as I have been able to perceive, 
no opening was by him neglected, 
into which with his slender resources 
of clergy and of money he ought to 
have gone. 

The work which could be here 
done by any man as bishop was very 
small, very modest, very uneventful, 
very humble, with five hundred com- 
municants (although his Church was 
earl}- in New Hampshire), and ten 
or a dozen clergymen to help him in 
this whole state. What could he do, 
that would produce a ripple on the 
water's surface ? 

And the bishop's character was so 
rounded, and compacted, and consis- 
tent in all its parts, that it fitted well 
the humble work to which God had 
set him. Salient features, lending 
themselves most readily to vivid de- 
scription, are not here. Yet let no 
one suppose Bishop Chase to have 
been a tame, mild man, a sort of 
"Boarding-house-Tea bishop" (to 
use Mr. Richard H. Dana's strong 
word), or other than a man of mark 
and decided individuality. But he 
and his duties were of the quiet, mi- 
noisy kind. Look on this winsome 
picture, drawn by the distinguished 
bishop of Connecticut, Dr. John Wil- 
liams, in the address made by him at 
the burial of Bishop Chase : 

"Is it not a privilege, greater than 
tongue can tell, to leave behind one 
so fair, so pure a record as your 
bishop, brethren, leaves, of patient, 
well-done labor? Is it not a privi- 
lege to look and meditate on such a 
record ? This vision of a long and 
faithful pastorship, this ' image of a 



long and pure episcopate, left on the 
most sacred recollections in parish 
churches, in Christian families, in 
secret hearts,' does one dream of lack 
of eveutfulness when he thinks of 
these? What natural days are those 
to which men love best to go back in 
memory? Are they days marked 
with the scenic displays of nature, 
resounding with the crash of storm 
and thunders, and brilliant with the 
glare of lightnings ? Or are they not 
rather days that are ' bridal days of 
earth and sky,' in which the calm 
morning has passed on to the quiet 
noontide, and that again to the peace- 
ful sunset, and where all is so blended 
together, that even if no one thing 
stands very prominently out, the 
whole impression is one of blessing 
and of peace ! And as it is 

with them so is it with human lives. 
Oh. in this age of reckless change and 
noisy pretension, and bustling self- 
assertion, and pushing after notoriety, 
place, influence, the spectacle of a 
calm, quiet life of contented dis- 
charge of duty, which shuns the ob- 
servation of the world, which bears 
its own burdens, and does its own 
work, seeking no changes, but only 
taking those which God may send, 
which does not strive to create duties 
for itself that may bring it before 
men's eyes, but does quietly, in its 
own place, the duties which God 
allots to it, which thinks not of itself 
more highly than it ought to think, 
but loves to think soberly, to take 
the lowly place and do the humble 
work ; such a life is indeed a blessed 
thing to look upon. When we con- 
trast it with that other style of life, it 
is like leaving some gaudy, man- 
made spectacle with its course daub- 
ing, its glare of gaslight, . and poi- 



Jl/SHOP CARLTON CHASE. 



o5, 



soned atmosphere, and coming out 
upon some peaceful, rural scene, 
swept over by the fresh, pure airs of 
heaven, and bathed in God's own 
sunlight." 

This same brilliant man, Bishop 
Williams, a great lover of old-fash- 
ioned piety, and not a great wor- 
shipper of ever\- conceivable organiza- 
tion in our churches, each with a big 
name, in speakimg of the designa- 
tion to be finally given to each age, 
once said, "This mast be set 'down 
as the age of Holy Fuss." Certainly 
Bishop Chase was possessed by no 
''holy fuss." But quiet, aud free 
from bustle aud haste, aud from 
passing moods, he was filled with 
Christian charity and with a holy 
zeal. Of those who personally knew 
him not, none can read his remarks, 
suggestions, addresses, year by year, 
touching every least thing in his 
care, and see the love, the thought, 
the prayer which he gave to each, 
and not be impressed with Bishop 
Chase's burning zeal. 

When I read, again and again, 
and see the humility, yet strong con- 
viction aud purpose with which lie 
took on him the work of having a 
church in Hanover, for instance ; 
how he planned and toiled to get to- 
gether a few hundred dollars to pur- 
chase the decayed and deserted 
house of worship belonging to the 
Methodists, and a few hundred dol- 
lars more to put this in a decent con- 
dition for reverent use, and how- 
cheered he was by the coming in, 
just then, of a gift from the, Earl of 
Dartmouth of one hundred pounds, 
and how, for the missionary's salary 
he secured considerable aid in his 
lifetime, T cannot but wish I could 
tell the departed bishop that, though 



small aud feeble still, the little parish 
for which he cared so much, has now 
a good parsonage, a neat little chapel 
for Sunday-school aud for week-day 
services, and (save that the tower is 
not yet built"! , a small church of 
stone, which, both in architectural 
and structural worth, surpasses be- 
yond question any other rural church 
of any denomination in New Eng- 
land, and that there are a few thou- 
sand dollars of endowment. I wish 
he might know, too, how honorably 
and ably, and how fairly and gener- 
ously, and how successful!}' in all 
ways, Dartmouth college is now ad- 
ministered. Nor would it be an un- 
pleasant picture for him to look down 
upon, this, of one scene in the last 
years of his own lifetime, but which 
never came to his knowledge, of 
three brilliant, noble, well-bred fel- 
lows, students in college, trying to 
warm up that broken-down furnace 
in the old church, one Sunday morn- 
ing, at live o'clock, when mercury 
stood many degrees below zero, so 
that the congregation might not per- 
ish six hours later. And sitting 
about the furnace in the basement, 
one on the flattened side of a barrel 
once filled with charcoal, one on an 
inverted coal-hod, one on some 
heaped- up sticks of wood, they for 
the first time opened each his lips 
upon the subject, whether it would 
not be their duty to give up law, 
mediciue, and banking aud seek the 
holy ministry. Every one of these 
three men is now a faithful and very 
greatly loved bishop in the church of 
God. 

If the bishop, like his diocese, was 
wanting in those things which much 
and sharply thrust themselves upon 
the public gaze, it may be just to 



358 



n/SHOP CARLTOX CHASE. 



point to certain characteristics which 
went to make up a strong, symmetri- 
cal, influential man. 

Bishop Williams says that the word 
steadfast is that which best marks 
Carlton Chase. There js much 
which is just in that characteriza- 
tion. And what a noble trait this 
is ! Faithful to God ; faithful to 
duty ; faithful arid trustworthy al- 
ways in standing by good men and 
honest endeavors, able to be leaned 
on, true also to one's friends -from 
start to finish-, how Heedful is this 
character in any worldly life, emi- 
nently in the nature and life of a 
bishop, that he may not fail them 
that look to him for counsel and sup- 
port, and become to them a broken 
reed ! 

But one is not likely to be stead- 
fast ("stayed fast' 1 ) if he hastily 
takes up opinions, or, to borrow the 
phrase from the ancient Greeks, if he 
rushes "hot foot" into a project as 
soon as it is presented to his mind. 
This, whether in opinions or in ac- 
tion, Bishop Chase never did. After 
his decease the late eminent Judge 
Edmonds of Xew r York was called to 
testify as an expert in spiritualism, 
in a case of alleged "obtaining money 
under false pretences," for claiming 
to make photographs of spirits of the 
departed. '-Can this be done? '" was 
asked of the distinguished witness. 
"I don't know anything about it," 
came in reply. ''But, Judge, you 
know all that is to be known about 
spiritualism, and we would be exceed- 
ingly glad to have your opinion?" 
- If. in my life," he said, " I have ever 
given an opinion with no solid basis 
to go upon,. I have invariably made 
an ass of myself." Bishop Chase 
never did that. My young cousin 



in Phillips academy. Andover, fifty 
years ago, was pulled up one Mon- 
day morning before the august prin- 
cipal, the awful Dr. Samuel Taylor 
himself, for some misdemeanor, and 
pleaded, "I took it for granted that 
it would be all right." "Young 
man," was the ready response, "you 
take quite too many things for 
granted." Bishop Chase never did 
this. In his very thoughtful " Es- 
say on the Millenium," read before 
a large gathering of Congregational 
ministers, and printed when I was a 
small boy, Dr. Nathan Lord of Dart- 
mouth college designated with keen 
irony, a set of men, smart and shal- 
low, as men " who think before they 
study, and write before they think." 
Bishop Chase never matured his 
opinions before he had studied the 
matter, and never tossed off opinions 
before he had really formed them. 
Therefore he could be guided by 
steady, sure principles, and was 
never vacillating in conduct. Among 
his fellow- citizens, as in the adminis- 
tering of things of the Church, he was 
accounted a wise man, and sober, 
and just. I have not found him 
making any mistakes. 

Among his peers in the house of 
bishops, the bishop of New Hamp- 
shire not very often asked for the 
attention of his brethren. Whenever 
he did, he arose to his full stature, — 
he was a man of six feet, of striking 
form, of finely chiseled features, and 
of scholarly mien, — and standing 
firmly on his feet, said what he had 
'to say. He always knew just what 
it was. It was sure to be something 
worth saying. And he always 
stopped when he had said it. It is 
needless to add that his well-weighed 
words carried great weight. 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE. 



359 



In the conference of all bishops of 
the Anglican Communion through- 
out the world, which met at Lambeth 
Palace two years ■ ago, -under the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's presi- 
dency, all of the two hundred bishops 
might like to be heard sometimes in 
the discussions. One bishop, who 
sat far towards the front — a man 
from far off Oriental lands — was little 
disposed to let any subject be settled 
without putting in his word. As if 
recognizing that he was making him- 
self a bit of a nuisance, admiiable 
man that he was, he often drew him- 
self but about half way to an erect 
posture before putting in his little 
speech. The quiet, clever, mission- 
ary bishop of a Western jurisdiction 
of ours, fretted, perhaps, rather more 
than usually that day, remarked in a 

whisper : M The bishop of comes 

from the land of the Kangaroo ; he 
can neither stand up nor sit down." 
So it was not with the first bishop of 
Xew Hampshire. He had in a very 
large measure what the Scotchman 
calls the ''contained spirit." And it- 
is a ver}' respectable possession to 
have. 

This, no doubt, explains, in part 
the fact, that when the diocese of 
Xew York was in affliction very sore, 
Bishup Chase was the man called in 
to do the duty there, in their critical 
condition. Their own bishop,, after 
a painful ecclesiastical trial, had 
been indefinitely suspended from the 
exercise of his functions. Some, at 
the time, believed (as the Church 
court found) that the bishop was 
justly chargeable with considerable 
personal improprieties. Others, many 
among the clergy, and I suppose a 
majority of the laymen, especially of 
men learned in the law and accus- 



tomed to weighing evidence, held 
that nothing material was made out 
against their bishop, and that fright 
and panic, merely upon the charge 
of some wrong-doing by their minis- 
terial leader, unconsciously swayed 
the mind of the court. One can 
readily see. in a church like the 
Episcopal Church in which a presby- 
ter is tried before a court made up of 
presbyters, and a bishop by bishops, 
the}' all are very jealous, as they 
ought to be, for the purity of their 
order, and without that training in 
cool weighing of testimony which lay 
judges possess, — we, I say, can see 
some ground in reason for the re- 
mark once written by a very distin- 
guished presbyter after an ecclesi- 
astical trial of a clergyman for some 
wrong-doing charged, " If I am ever 
charged with any wrong behavior I 
waive wholly my right to trial before 
my peers, before men of my own 
order. Let me be tried by a court 
of Christian laymen. A group of the 
best clergy in the world will try a 
man for being suspected, and convict 
him for being tried ! " 

Among these distressed, half dis- 
tracted people of New York the 
bishop of Xew Hampshire walked 
up and down on various occasions, 
during more than three years. For 
at each new yearly need, the}', with 
one mind turned anew to him. He 
was a man who knew how to mind 
his own business and to let the busi- 
ness of other iolk alone. Rarely 
could the pure gold of such a habit 
shine out more brightly than there it 
shone. And Bishop Chase in these 
three years confirmed almost twice as 
many persons in Xew York as in all 
the diocese of Xew Hampshire in 
twenty-six vears. And they of all 



;6o 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE. 



opinions as to the painful case de- 
clared their diocese to be in a much 
better condition for Bishop Chase's 
coining among them. And the chief 
clergyman, perhaps, who promoted 
that trial of Bishop Onderdonk, was, 
later, ©he of the most active in seek- 
ing his restoration from the suspen- 
sion. Even to me kindness was 
shown in the city of Xew York, and 
help was extended in my earlier 
years, for the sake of my good and 
wise predecessor. 

And then, how m&k he was. and 
of what beaut : iul humility always! 
Writing of his one long pastorate, 
that at Bellows Falls, he says, "At 
the beginning of my residence here 
the sum of frve hundred dollars w r as 
proposed by the vestry as my salary. 
This sum, from that time to this, 
neither the parish has proposed to 
lessen nor I to increase. Though 
small, the kind providence of God 
has enabled me to live within it, and, 
indeed, to relinquish very large ar- 
rearages at different times. My re- 
ceipts have not averaged four hun- 
dred and fifty dollars per year. To 
be economical without meanness, and 
liberal without profusion or extrava- 
gance, is a lesson which ever)- min- 
ister of the gospel ought diligently to 
study." 

Yet, exceedingly small as his sal- 
ary was, when called to go from his 
cure in Vermont to the charge of 
this diocese, the bishop-elect wrote 
this entry, "I have been a sad man 
from the mom mt this matter was an- 
nounced to me. I find my roots have 
run deep in this spot, and the pull- 
ing them up is dreadful. Too much 
for my own comfort hereafter have I 
loved this flock, and too much have 
they loved and indulged me. Never, 



never was a pastor more blessed, and 
few are the church.es so united, con- 
sistent, faithful, prosperous, and 
happy. I never can look upon its 
like again." And it paid four hun- 
dred and fifty dollars! Verily this 
godly minister was a man wise after 
that Scripture, " My son, seekest 
thou great tilings for thyself ? Seek 
than not!" 

This leads me to call attention to 
the wonderful efficiency of Bishop 
Chase in living respectably on an ex- 
ceedingly narrow income. lie was 
no celibate. Five or six children 
were reared under his roof. Two 
sons were sent to college. His bills 
were always promptly paid. In Xew 
Hampshire the entire salary, from 
parish and diocese, was nine hundred 
dollars (I think without a house). 
And he made it his rule, strictly ad- 
hered to, to give to God just one 
tenth of this little income. And he 
left at his decease rather more, I be- 
lieve, than the accumulations of any 
private patrimony which he may 
have had, and of what remuneration 
he received from the diocese of Xew 
York. The exclamation to me of a 
distinguished rector in Xew York, 
who, with one child, found it hard to 
live upon his salary of ten thousand 
dollars and a house, was, " He ought 
to be canonized for a worker of mira- 
cles." 

I think he must have impressed 
himself with the sad truth, " Promise 
was a pretty maid, but being poor 
she died unwed," or, with that other 
out of old Fuller, " He had catched 
a great cold had he had no other 
clothes to wear than the skin of a 
bear not yet killed." I think that 
the bishop, both in things personal 
and in things of the Church, made a 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE.. 



361 



pretty sharp distinction between ven- 
tures of presumption and what son*e 

good men name " ventures of faith." 
I am sure he would always go for- 
ward when the plain word from God 
was, Go fonvard ! But he evidently 
remembered that when somebody at 
the Red Sea set out upon an unbid- 
den advance his " chariots drave 
heavily when the wheels were off." 
From all my observations I should 
think the bishop knew that faith 
won't pay a note at the bank, and 
that in making pr&rtfis:e&, faith or. J 
funds go admirably fogethei*. 

To come back to salary and living, 
I really am ashamed to own that I 
can find no way to subsist in the sim- 
ple, frugal habits of my household, 
upon three times the salary furnished 
to Bishop Chase. 

And then the really large man, of 
whom I am to-night speaking, could, 
with his own bauds, do almost every- 
thing. Of his skill in gardening and 
in the culture of trees I have said 
something. When they at Bellows 
Falls were furnishing the chapel of 
the church, the rector, with his own 
hands, made all the settees. And he 
was wont not seldom to send a friend 
some dainty bit of furniture by him- 
self wrought out. 

I have religiously striven, and 
have managed, to keep myself and 
the diocese out of debt, as Bishop 
Chase did. Alas ! there is no one 
thing in all the world that I know- 
how to do with my hands. 

I did formerly think that in one 
thing practical this very sagacious 
man had wrongly judged, — had, per- 
haps, been led astray by his love for 
the beautiful. When he erected the 
church in Claremont, which is of a 
very imposing interior, to relieve tire 



otherwise rather blank, flat walls 
without, the frame wa> put on the 
outside of the walls. A shrewd 
countryman neighbor was one day in 
the village, and the bishop said : 
" Neighbor J., how do you like my 
new church?" "Well, Neighbor 
Chase, I have been thinking that 
when the Almighty made animals he 
did pretty wisely to put the skin out- 
side of the bones." 

But no serious harm coming to the 
fabric in these fifty years, probably 
the bishop in his plans was not far 
astray. 

One is moved, sometimes, to be 
sore grieved that locomotion by 
steam was ever devised, with the 
dirt, and the racket attendant there- 
upon, and the disfiguring of our fair 
landscapes; and to wonder whether 
Ruskin was not more a true prophet 
than painter or poet merely. Be this 
as it may, we cannot but in fairness 
acknowledge that the lot of one who. 
like me a kinsman after the flesh of 
that Wandering Jew, to whom the 
word always comes out of the very 
wind, " Move on," that such a man's 
lot, say, is far easier than it was dur- 
ing the episcopate of Carlton Chase. 

It was on a "change of cats," in 
his later years, and not by stage, 
that the man aged and feeble was 
compelled to write in his diary : "I 
had the misfortune to fall on an icy 
platform to the serious injury and 
pain of several parts of my person." 
This, however, was slight compared 
with that other accident by " stage," 
in which (as the admirable little 
Memorial volume, to which I am 
much indebted, tells us) ;< he was 
as effectually scalped as though 
he had fallen among Indians." 
•• The coach was overturned and fell 



362 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE. 



down the side of the mountain, roll- 
ing completely over." His head 
"coming in contact with the sharp 
cornei of a rib in the roof, — his scalp 
was torn up and turned forward 
nearly over his eyes. He supposed 
himself fatally injured, and so an- 
nounced in a loud voice to his com- 
panion," which, however, was not 
the case. . •> 

But an evil thing- as it is to be 
scalped and half frightened to death 
besides, what is even this' by the side 
of that other calamity, to be com- 
pelled to leave one's bed at dead of 
night, in the depth of winter and to 
come by stage all the way from 
Ciaremont to Concord, before ten or 
eleven o'clock, or else not to come at ail 
during the day, and to do this dread- 
ful thing year after year always, and 
by a man never endued with health, 
and growing old besides ! There can, 
I think, be small doubt that the 
adage of oar childhood needs, in this 
bustling, noisy, nervous age, a little 
change, so as to read : M Early to bed 
and late to rise" is the way to be 
healthy, wealthy, and wise. Alas, 
for those of us who have to change it 
in practise just the other way, and 
to make it ''Late to bed, and early 
to rise." 

Xo, considerable as are the cares, 
and the really sore burdens now, and 
the causes of discouragement, it is a 
light thing to be bishop of New 
Hampshire to-day, in view of what 
it was when Carlton Chase came to 
the task fifty-five years ago. 

And how lonesome he must have 
been starting with his five hundred 
communicants in this great state, and 
eleven or twelve elerg\ men owning 
his jurisdiction. One thinks this 
man of God must have felt much as 



"a sparrow that sitteth alone on the 
housetop," both when he came here 
to his work, and all through his life. 
It took him ten or twelve years to 
stir his own puny Church to any 
missionary ideas, to any spirit of 
outgoing. 

It is true that before he died 
Bishop Chase saw his eleven clergy- 
men become twenty-two, and his 
rive hundred communicant members 
about thirteen hundred. And St. 
Paul's school had not only begun its 
blessed work, but had advanced far 
enough. to comfort the good bishop's 
heart by letting him see what kind of 
a thing it was going on to be, and 
of what unspeakable benefit to this 
lean, cool diocese. 

So prudent, far-seeing the bishop 
was, he may have looked forward 
to these few fruits of his zeal and 
prayers, of his deep ploughing and 
faithful tillage, which I have been 
permitted to gather. His ten or 
eleven clergymen to begin with, and 
later twenty-two, are increased to 
forty-five ; his five hundred, later 
thirteen or fourteen hundred, com- 
municants to about four thousand : 
(spite of constant emigration), and 
our great helper, St. Paul's school, 
grown from nothing up to eighty 
scholars in the bishop's lifetime, and 
now to three hundred and fifty. 

When elected to the bishopric, my 
warden in Connecticut, a native of 
New Hampshire, was at first eager 
that I should come. On reflection 
he changed his mind. This was his 
comment: " Plenty of work in Xew 
Hampshire needs to be done. You 
would go en well and pleasantly with 
the people. But you can get no re- 
sources with which to do it. There 
are no churchmen in Xew Hamp- 



BISHOP CARLTON CHASE 



365 



shire. The few who are there have n't 
any money. The few who have a 
little money did n't get it to give 
away, but to keep. Wholly impo^ 
sible you will find it to enkindle any 
interest, any confidence, in New 
Hampshire, old and dried up. among 
your friends outside the state. They 
are asking you to go to sea in a boat 
without oars. That is asking too 
much of any man ! You had best 
stay where you are well off." 

How doubly true was all this when 
the first bishop meekly took up the 
work ! I thank God that he did. 

The bishop was not striking and 
very popular in his style of preach- 
ing. He was grave, argumentative, 
and a good teacher. Thoughtful 
men were always glad to hear him. 

I am now to be quoting the words 
of another, because they do exactly 
express my view: " Bishop Chase 
was a man and a bishop of an an- 
tique mould. In him was no weak- 
ness, no littleness. Calm, self- cen- 
tered, faithful, and true, of a grand 
simplicity, he stood four square to 
even- wind that blew." This typi- 
cal best New Hampshire character, 
disciplined, ripened, mellowed by the 
grace of God's Holy .Spirit, is about 
as wholesome and as forceful, and as 
abiding as can anywhere be found,- - 
my friends of this New Hampshire 
Historical society. I testify to this 
the more freely, as I cannot lay claim 



to New Hampshire birth or ancestry 
myself. 

One brief record more I desire to 
make, and then I am done. Our 
dear Dr. Shattuck, if living in this 
ntheteeetti century a very saint of 
God. founder of St. Paul's school. 
once carefully told me as if he much 
desired this to be known, that of the 
three reasons weighing much with 
him to determine Xew Hampshire to 
be the place of the school he meant 
to have, one was, that he here pos- 
sessed this property for a summer 
home. This came first. The third 
reason was the healthfulness of the 
climate, its vigor bringing character. 
(Nor had he seen that list, printed 
in newspapers three or four years 
ago, of all towns in the United 
States having a population of ten 
thousand or more, as to their vital 
statistics, — having, as to lowest death- 
rate, at the very head of that list, 
" Concord, New Hampshire."') The 
second determining reason, Dr. Shat- 
tuck said, was his very high regard 
for Bishop Chase, as a wise, churchly. 
just, intelligent, peace-loving man, 
whom he much loved, and with 
whom he knew that all could go 
smoothly on. I am glad to state this 
thus publicly, as I know Dr. Skat- 
tuck would wish me to do. 

And I will now, with thanks for 
patient attention, mercifully release 
you. 







^-- 1 



A 



.f -\ 



3(cH 



B] 



CROSSING. 

Elisabeth B. Hunt. 



Long, long ago : amid the summer bloom 

A woman twined her hair, 
A hundred glories vanished in the gloom, 

Slow creeping every where. 

The heavy-booted years from off her cheek, 

Had snatched away the rose. 
Had roughened it upon the highway bleak, 

As though with many blows. 

The woman's glory in her eyes — no more; 

Nor in a sweet perfume — 
Bid shape her gesture and her song outpour, 

And give her laughter room. 

No massy brightness on her forehead lay, 

No mystery she twined, 
Nor any smiles with sunlight were at play, 

For fairy hands to bind. 

The threaded foam she twined, as though a blast 

Through all her locks had swept. 
She was a woman and her tears fell fast, 

The loss of youth she wept. 

* * * * *■'-.""* * * 
Long, long ago ! Now doth ambition soar, 

And gavels round it play, 
If locks are white ; a roiling pompadour 

Sends all regret away. 



SOME QUEER PEOPLE I HAVE SEEN IN WASHINGTON. 

By Clarence Johnson. 

HAVE seen many queer peo- but the chances are that few besides 
pie in Washington. Queer strangers would turn their heads to 
people are so common there look after him. That great thorough- 
fare is so crowded with all classes 
and kinds of humanity, from the fa- 
mous statesman to the crippled beg- 
gar, that what would attract a crowd 
anywhere else is there almost, if not 



that they attract little atten- 
tion. It is possible that by walking 
on his hands on Pennsylvania avenue 
during the middle of the day a man 
might attract some passing remark, 



SOME QUEER PEOPLE. 



365 



quite,, commonplace. All climes and 
nations of the earth contribute to the 
cosmopolitan character of Pennsyl- 
vania avenue. Nevertheless, from 
one cause and another, my attention 
has been drawn, from time to time, 
to several freaks who were seemingly 
lost in the varied throng as it strag- 
gled slowly alone: the broad sidewalk. 



When I first came to Washington 
I noticed a cnrior.s looking man who 
spent most of his time sitting on the 
low wall which surrounds the Capi- 
tol grounds, and who had no appar- 
ent occupation except to eat peanuts. 
I probably passed him daily for three 
weeks before I really began to ob- 
serve his peculiarities, but the con- 
tented manner in which he munched 
his peanuts at last appealed to my 
heart, reminding me of the circus 
days of my boyhood. To tell the 
truth I have never outgrown the 
fondness for going to circuses and 
eating peanuts while my legs grow 
numb from hanging over the edge of 
the board seat- Hence I felt a strong 
sympathy for this strange looking 
gentleman and paid more and more 
attention to him as I continued to 
pass and repass him, and as he con- 
tinued to eat his peanuts. Xext, af- 
ter remarking his appetite for pea- 
nuts, I noticed that he wore a singu- 
lar suit of clothes, the coat of which 
buttoned closely from his chin to his 
ankles, the buttons only about an 
inch and a half apart, while its skirts 
spread out somewhat like the skirts 
of the infamous " Yaller Kid" of 
modern journalism. In color it was 
a bluish gray, and strongly suggested 
the uniform of some eleemosynary 
institution. His head covering was 



a sort of cross between a hat and a 
cap, and being of the same material 
as the coat confirmed in my mind the 
suspicion that its wearer was an in- 
mate of a home for the aged or some- 
thing of that kind. Next I noticed the 
peculiar formation of his head, which 
began with a very acute angle at the 
crown, ran at the back in an almost 
perpendicular line to the nape of his 
neck, and in front proceeded at an 
angle of about forty-five degrees to 
the tip of his very long nose, thence 
extending by a reverse angle to the 
end of his receding chin. I specu- 
lated much on his status in a desul- 
tory way, and finally concluded that 
some asylum for feeble minded had 
adopted the peculiar style of uniform 
which he wore. And still he sat 
there on that fence, day after day, 
week after week, month after month, 
in fair weather or foul, munching his 
peanuts and throwing the shells on 
the tesselated walk. He seemed to 
be a sort of fixture, like the Peace 
monument or the Goddess on the 
dome of the capitol. One day after 
the weeks and months had rolled in- 
to years, and no solution to the old 
gentleman's identity had been found, 
John Walker and I were sitting in 
the Committee room busily at work, 
when the door opened without warn- 
ing knock, someone stepped across 
the threshold, and a high staccato 
voice began to extol the qualities of 
a book. I. looked up somewhat 
startled by the sudden outburst of 
eloquence, and there stood my elee- 
mosynary institution in full uniform, 
talking like a dam giving way. I 
glanced over at Walker, who, com- 
pletely stupefied by the outpour, sat 
with one hand poised in air as if ar- 
rested while on its way to the key- 



SOME QUEER PEOPLE 



board of his typewriter, his eyes dis 

tended, and his lower jaw sagging 
down toward his breast. Then, in 
another second, that eleemosynary 
institution was in the corridor with 
the door closed behind him, but he 
continued his story about the book 
with undiminished volubility, his 
shrill tones ringing through the 
vaulted halls until they were swal- 
lowed up in distance. After that I 
looked on him with even greater in- 
terest than before, but it was the in- 
terest of dread instead of curiosity. 
He still occupies the old favorite 
perch on the fence, still munches his 
peanuts, and would doubtless be glad 
to work off one of his books on any 
visitor from New Hampshire who 
mav be curious to see and hear him. 



One of the queerest of the queer 
characters about Washing-ton is "-The 
Lieutenant," who came originally 
from New Hampshire. " The Lieu- 
tenant " is a veteran of both the 
Mexican and the Rebellion wars, 
and was so seriously wounded in the 
head in one of the battles of the lat- 
ter that he has not been quite right 
there since. He is a genial., harmless 
old gentleman, but his wheels run 
strangely, and not all of them in the 
same direction at the same time. 
His pension is not so large as he 
thinks it ought to be. and he has ap- 
pealed many times to the secretary of 
the interior, as well as to almost 
every congressman whom he can get 
to listen to him. He is very much 
afraid lest he should die before his 
case is settled rightly, because in that 
event he is certain that the govern- 
ment would drop to pieces. With 
this fear in his mind, he is con- 
strained to constantly attempt to get 



an interview with " the Chief Ex- 
ecutive," as he calls the president, 
and he undoubtedly feels that the 
fate of the Republic hangs trembling 
in the balance, depending as it does 
on the uncertain life of a single man, 
and he no longer young. In addi- 
tion to his legal lore, which he is 
ever ready to pour out on the slight- 
est provocation, "The Lieutenant" 
has worked out some abstruse prob- 
lems in astronomy, which I have 
vainly tried to understand, although 
he patiently spent an hour (and 
would have devoted a much longer 
time to me had I allowed him to 
do so) explaining his theories and 
mathematical elaborations. I have 
had many long sieges with " The 
Lieutenant," but 1 do not yet com- 
prehend either his law or his astron- 
omy. He seems to spend about all 
of his time wandering about the cor- 
ridors of the capitol, with his pen- 
sion case, his law opinions, and his 
astronomical problems in a leather 
satchel, which he carries by means of 
a strap around his neck. He ex- 
plained to me that he always carried 
these precious articles with him be- 
cause an attempt was once made to 
rob him of them, and he is satisfied 
that the attempt was the result of a 
conspiracy against him hatched in 
HIGH QUARTERS, "The Lieu- 
tenant" is known by all the attaches 
about the capitol, and none of them 
ever interferes with the white haired, 
white bearded old gentleman, but he 
is allowed to roam at will, and save 
the country in his own way. His 
plug hat. once shiny, his leathern 
satchel, and his patriarchal beard are 
familiar figures about the city, and 
the}' will be missed when, in the not 
distant future, "The Lieutenant" 



SOME QUEER PEOPLE. 



&7 



answers the last roll-call and goes to 
that country where law and astron- 
omy will trouble him no more. 



As I was walking up Pennsylvania 
avenue one afternoon I noticed a 
bootblack who seemed to be looking 
up to the heavens as he scrubbed 
away at a pair of bools. At first I 
paid little- heed to him. taking it for 
granted that the peculiar position of 
his head was merely a harmless idi- 
osyncrasy, but some days later I saw 
that he looked up because of' the 
formation of his neck, which ex- 
tended back at right angles to his 
body, and thus brought his face 
toward the skies. Of course I sym- 
pathized with him, and many times 
thought what an awfully hard life he 
must lead, with his infirmity and his 
poverty. It seemed to me that he 
must brood on his trouble, and I 
pictured him as continually unhappy, 
if not morose. But one evening I 
met him on his way home after his 
day's work was finished. His box 
was slung across his shoulder, and 
he was swinging along at a rapid 
pace, whistling "Annie Rooney " as 
happily and as blithely as though his 
neck was like other people's and he 
did not have to stand on his head to 
see when the boots he polished were 
properly " shined up." As I passed 
along, wondering, a friend hailed 
him, and in reply he sung out rol- 
lickingly, "Just had four glasses of 
beer, and going to have two more," 
and continued on his way blowing 
Annie Rooney and flakes of beer- 
froth high into the air. He looked 



queerer than he did while polishing 
boots, but somehow my sympathy for 
him has since been on the wane, 



Another character whom 'I once 
noticed was a rather ordinary look- 
ing man save for one thing. He had 
a monstrously big head, which was 
strongly accentuated by a soldier cap. 
From this I concluded that he was 
proud of his deformity, so one day I 
asked him what size of hat he wore. 
He told me that no size made would 
be large enough for him, and he had 
to have his hats,, or rather caps, made 
to order. Then he went on to tell 
me his story. He was nobody in 
particular, he said, except "the man 
with the big head." He was fa- 
mous for that throughout the medi- 
cal world, and had been examined by 
doctors galore, all of whom looked 
wise, and declared that he could not 
live many years. Penally he told me 
three Washington doctors made a 
written contract with him that they 
should have his head after he died, 
the consideration on their part being 
that they should pa}' him an amount 
per week during his lifetime suffi- 
cient for his support. At the time 
I talked with him two of the doctors 
had died, while the big-headed man 
was in the best of health, and chuck- 
lingly told me that he intended to 
outlive the third. I do not know 
whether he has or not. I have not 
seen him for a long time, but I have 
little doubt that the doctor, if living, 
is heartily sick of the contract which 
compels him to pay my big-headed 
friend a handsome income. 






ixviii-26 



3fe2 



CRUMBS. 
By Moses Gage Shi) ley. 

Some little birds come to my door 
In winter time — a half a score — 
And flit their wings and sit and sing 
For crumbs I daily to them fling. 

And musing of them oft I think 
Do we. with what we eat and drink 
And have to wear, appreciate 
Our blessings, be the}- small or great ? 

One hsson from the birds I read, 
Which all might profitably heed : 
Though much or little to us comes 
We should be thankful for the crumbs. 




HON. LEWIS W. CLARK. 

Lewis W. Clark, born in Barnstead, August 19. 1S28, died in Manchester, 
May 28, 1900. 

Judge Clark was born on a farm and spent his early life in farm labor, but 
aspiring to the legal profession he secured a liberal education, graduating from 
Dartmouth college in 1850, having commenced the study of law before graduation' 
and continuing the same during the next two years, while he was principal of 
Pittsfield academy. 

He was admitted to the bar in September, 1852, and practised several years 
in Pittsfield, also representing the town in the legislature two years, but removed 
to Manchester before the outbreak of the Civil War where lie ever after had his 
home. Here lie became a member of the famous firm of Morrison, Stanley & 
Clark, the late Hon. George VV. Morrison and Clinton VV. Stanley, later also a 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 369 

justice of the supreme court, being his partners. Tins firm was for several years 
the most noted in the state, combining a stronger array of talent than any law 
firm in New Hampshire. Subsequently he was for a time in partnership with the 
late Henry H. Huse. 

In 1S72 he was appointed by Governor Weston attorney-general of the state, 
bringing to the position a measure of ability, and a special fitness comparing 
favorably with the most eminent of the line of distinguished lawyers who had 
previously filled that high position in which he remained four years, when he was 
removed for partisan itason:>. About a year later he was appointed an associate 
justice of the supreme court, and served in that capacity with distinction until 
May, 1898, when, upon the death of Chief Justice Carpenter, he was made chief 
justice, holding the position, however, only until the August following, when on 
account of age limitation he was compelled to retire from the bench. A few 
months later he was appointed referee in bankruptcy by the United States court, 
which position he held at the time of his death. * 

Politically Judge Clark was an earnest Democrat, and did faithful service for 
his party. He was the Democratic . nominee for congress in the old Second 
district in two campaigns during the war and reconstruction period, and was 
chairman of the Democratic State Committee in 1S71, when James A. Weston was 
elected governor by the legislature. In religion he was a zealous and loyal mem- 
ber of the Baptist church, and was long a leading spirit in the maintenance of 
the McAuley Mission in Manchester. 

He married, in 1S52, Helen H. Knowlton of Pittstield. by whom he is sur- 
vived, with two children, Mary Helen and John Lew Clark. 

ALFRED E. EMERY, M. D. 

Dr. Alfred E. Emery of Penacook, born in Concord, April 21, 1S41, son of 
Isaac and Eliza D. (Eastman) Emery, died at the Margaret Pilisbury hospital, 
May 23. 1900. 

He was educated at the Concord High School. Franklin academy, and New 
Hampton institute. He studied medicine with the late Dr. Charles P. Gage of 
Concord, and attended lectures at the Harvard and Vermont Medical schools, 
receiving his diploma from the latter in 1S65. • 

Meanwhile lie had been appointed acting assistant surgeon in the United 
States navy, March 2S, 1S65. His first service was on the hospital ship, Red 
Rover. Later he was attached to the North Atlantic squadron on the U. S. S. 
Keystone State. He resigned February 9, 1S65, after serving twenty-three 
months. 

He immediately settled in Penacook for the practice cf his profession, but 
in 1S06 went to Wilton, Conn., where he remained thirteen years, returning in 
1879 to Penacook, where he lived until his death, enjoying a wide practice and 
establishing a high reputation for professional skill, especially in surgery. 

He joined the New Hampshire Medical society in 1 865 . and belonged also to 
the Center District Medical society, and the Connecticut Medical society. He 
had been physician to the Xew Hampshire state prison, a member of the United 
States Pension Examining Board, and assistant city physician. 



37o NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

He was prominent in the Knights of Honor, being one of the grand officers 
for this state, and was a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

He served as a member of the Concord board of aldermen under Mayor 
.Cogswell, and was for a number of years a member of the board of education 
in District No. 20. 

HON. GEORGE L. BALCOM. 

Geo:ge Lewis Balconl, l">ng one of the most prominent citizens of- Claremont, 
died in that town on May 13. 

Mr. Balcom was a native of Sudbury. Mass.. a son of Jonas and Mar}' Balcom. 
born October 9, 1819. His parents removed to Lowell when he was quite young, 
where he first attended school. Subsequently he studied at Westminster academy, 
and entered Harvard college at sixteen. After completing his college studies he 
engaged in mercantile life in Boston, and subsequently in Philadelphia where he 
was united in marriage with Miss Anna West, October 20. 1S45. 

Subsequently he became bookkeeper for the firm of Gilson. Smith & Co., at 
Proctorsville, Yt.. and was soon after admitted as a member of the firm, con- 
tinuing several years: but in 1S57 lie disposed of his interest and bought a woolen 
mill in Claremont. which he operated nearly up to the time of his death, taking 
a strong interest all the while in public affairs. 

Tie was a Republican in politics, and during his residence in Vermont was for 
three terms a member of the legislature of that state. He also represented Clare- 
mont in the New Hampshire legislature in i883- ? S4, and was a member of the 
state senate in iSScj-'cjo. In religion he was an Episcopalian, and was conspicu- 
ous in church afTcirs in the New Hampshire diocese. 

Mr. Balcom was a lover of books and a thorough student, having one of the 
finest private libraries in the state. He is survived by a son.. William S., and two 
grandchildren. His remains were taken to Philadelphia for interment beside his 
wife, who died in 1SS1. 

TOHN L. STRING. 

John L. Spring, born in Newport, January 13, 1S30, died in Lebanon, May 29, 
1900. 

In early life Mr. Spring was a mill operative and an overseer at Salmon 
Falls. Subsequently he studied law with Woodman & Wentworth of Dover, and 
was admitted to the bar at Manchester in i860. He commenced practice in 
Wilton, but removed soon after to Milford, where he remained nine years, remov- 
ing to Lebanon in 1870, where he lived until his death, and where his professional 
career was highly successful. 

Mr. Spring was a Republican in politics and active in public affairs. He had 
served as selectman, moderator, supervisor, as a member of the school board, and 
as a member of the legislature of 189 1, 1893, and 1895. He was an active 
member and vice-president of the American Par Association, and had also been, 
for several years, president of the New Hampshire Board of Trade. He was a 
prominent Mason, and particularly conspicuous as an Odd Fellow, having been 
grand master and grand patriarch, and a member of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

March 5, 1856, he married Ellen M.. daughter of William Fountain of Moriah, 



jYEU r HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 371 

N. V., and four children were barn to them: Arthur I... born February 25. 1857; 
Clarence \\\. born April 15, 1859; Carrie M., born Octobei 2S, *S6o; and 
John R.. born December 16. 1S75. all of whom are living. 

HON. JONATHAN M. TAYLOR. 

Jonathan M. Taylor, a prominent citizen of Sanhornton. well known through- 
out the state, died at his home in that town May 31. 

Mr. Taylor was the sixth son of Thomas and Sarah E. (Jewett) Taylor, bcrn 
in Sanhornton. September 21. 1S22, lie enjoyed limited educational privileges, 
and in early life learned the trade of a blacksmith, which he continued to pursue, 
along with agriculture, nearly up to the time of his death. He was possessed 
of sound judgment and great native ability, which, witli his strict integrity, gave 
him in high degree the confidence of his townsmen whom he served in various 
capacities. Politically he was a Democrat, and was for more than forty years 
chairman of the town committee of his party. He served seventeen years as town 
clerk, and also as selectman, moderator, postmaster, representative, and county 
commissioner. He was a member of the state senate in i883-'34, and twice the 
Democratic nominee for councilor in the Third district. 

He was also prominent in agricultural affairs and an active member of the 
Tatrons of Husbandry, having been man}- years treasurer of t]ie State grange. In 
religion he was a Congregation alist. 

Mr. Taylor was united in marriage, November 19, 1S46, with Miss Huldah 
Lane of Sanhornton, who died April 22, 1S90, leaving three daughters, Sarah, wife 
of Rev. George W, Patten of Peterborough, Carrie P., who has resided at home, 
and Mary H., wife of H. J. L. Bod-well of Sanbornton. 

GEORGE B. FRENCH. 

George Bradbury French, long a leading merchant of Portsmouth, died at 
his. home in that city. May 24, after an extended illness, at the age of seventy-one 
years, having been born in Rye, May 11, 1S28. 

He was a son of Bradbury C. and Mary French, his parents removing to 
Portsmouth during his early youth where he attended school several years, and 
thence to Nottingham, his education being completed at Northwood academy. 

In 1849 he worked his passage to California, where he remained two years. 
On his return he opened a country store at Newcastle, but soon removed to Ports- 
mouth, where in i860 he purchased the dry-goods business of Allen & Paine, and 
soon built up an extensive trade which in time became the largest in that line in 
the state, occupying over thirty thousand square feet of floor space and employing 
thirty clerks. 

Politically Mr. French was an earnest Democrat. He represented Newcastle 
and Ward 2, Portsmouth, in the legislature, and was the Democratic nominee for 
Councilor in the First district in 1896. In religion he was an Episcopalian, and 
was- for man)' years a warden of St. John's church, Portsmouth. He had been 
a member of St. John's Lodge, No. 1, A. }•'. & A. M., of Portsmouth, for nearly 
forty-two years. 

November 11, 1852, he married Louise Veaton of Newcastle, by whom he had 



372 NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY. 

three sons, only one. George E. French, a partner in his business, surviving with 
his mother. 

REV. E. G. PARSONS. 

Rev. E. G. Parsons, a native of Wesfcport, Me., born May 15, 1313. died at his 
home in Perry. April 25, 1900. 

Mr. Parsons graduated from Bovvdoin college in 1833, and was the last sur- 
vivor of his class. He graduated at the Bangor (Me.) Theological seminary in 
1S37, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church at Freeport, Me., the 
same year. He held this pastorate fourteen years, when he resigned to become 
pastor of the Congregational church in Deny, in which position he remained till 
1869, wn ^ n he became principal of Pinkerton academy in that town, filling the 
position three years. He was subsequently, for ten years, principal of Dummer 
academy ai Byfield. Mass.. resigning and returning to Deny in 1SS2. where he 
resided till death. lie had seiwed forty-seven years as a trustee of Pinkerton 
academy, and as piesident of the board .->inee 1SS2. He married, first, Caroline 
Mellon Nye', of Freeport. Me., who died January 1, 1S62, and, second, Sarah 
Dana McMillan of Danville, Vt. 

JOHN E. MCDUFFEE. 

John Edgar McDuiiee, son of Franklin and Mary (Hayes) McDutiee, bom in 
Rochester, September S, 1S63, died in thai city March 25, 1900. 

Mr. McDuftee entered the class of 1SS3 in the Chandler Scientific school at 
Dartmouth, pursuing his studies for two years, when failing health compelled his 
abandonment of the same. From boyhood he was greatly devoted to music, and 
he finally devoted his attention to the same almost entirely, many of his com- 
positions being received with great favor, and his leadership in musical circles in 
that section of the state being generally recognized. He was unmarried, and is 
survived by his mother and one brother. 

REV. HIRAM HOUSTON. 

Rev. Hiram Houston, a native of the town of Acworth. eighty-two years of age r 
a brother of the late George Houston of that town, died April S, in the city of 
Washington, though his home for some years past had been in Dorchester, Mass. 
He was a prominent Congregational clergyman for many years and had held pas- 
torates at Orland, Sandy Point, Deer Isle, and Wells, Me. 

HON. E. KXOWLTOX FOGG. 

E. Knowlton Fogg, postmaster of Lynn, Mass., died at his home in that city,. 
April 21. He was a native of the town of Xorthwood, born October 24, 1S37. 
He had served in the Massachusetts legislature two years, was an alderman in 
1890, and mayor of Lynn in 1891. He was a prominent Odd Fellow, Mason, and 
Knight of Labor. 



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w --In \ ur-ni l\\4 

A druggist in Syracuse, N. Y., says that Ripans Tabules are especially valuable 
for curing habitual constipation, and suggests that that point ought to be brought out 
conspicuously in all the advertisements of tiiis remedy. lie sells Ripans Tabules to 
many theatrical folks and to traveling men, his store being located near the II< td 
Candee, where most of these people stop. Among his customers is a local life insu- 
rance agent, who had been in the habit of buying some kind of pill for his wife, with 
unsatisfactory results, tiil the druggist recommended the Tabules. Upon being ap- 
pealed to for her opinion of Ripans Tabules, the agent's v\ lie said : " I have used them 
with good success in indigestion an i constipation, and can highly recommend them." 



Anew style packet containing: TT.v ripens TaBCLfs in a paper carton (without glass) is now for sale at some 
dr.:L' -certs- Foit fiv;. cEjrrs. This low -priced sou is intended for the poor and the eco'ioznical. One dozen 
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Devoted to Literature, Biography, History, and State Progress 



Vol. XXVIII - JANUARY, 1900 



No. 



Live Oak on Orange Grove Avenue, Pasadena, Cal., Cover 
The South Congregational Church of Concord, Frontispiece 
The South Congregational Church of Concord 
The Derelict (fioem), Ormsby A. Court 
When the Stars Fell, Eva F. Beede .... 
A Woman's Prayer .$oem), Ethel F. Comerford 
The Academical and Theological Institution, New Hamp 
ton. N. H., William Huriin ..... 

The Dream Engine, Willis Edwin Hurd 

V\ vr ? 
VA\^7 On the Golden Shore, Converse J. Smith . 

cA^I FlamM/E Amoris (poem), C. C. Lord .... 

"Love en Sequel Works with Fate,' 1 Anna W. Young 

The First Settlement of New Hampshire, Joseph B 

Walker 

The Anthem fpoeyn), Samuel Iloyt .... 

Life (poem), F reel .rick J. Allen 

New Hampshire Necrology ..... 



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I wish to add my testimony as to the virtue of Pdpans Tabules. Have 
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present and have been for past fifteen years a Justice of the Peace in and for 
the County of Luzerne. State of Pennsylvania. I served nearly four years in 
a Pennsylvania regiment in the Civil War, ten months of which was spent in 
a Southern military prison, in which (as ia well known) the bill of fare \va3 
not high, but rough, which deranged my stomach and bowels to such an 
extent that I have been a continuous sufferer from indigestion and constipa- 
tion since 1865. Have gone through the catalogue of remedies and treatments 
laid down by medical practitioners and patent medicines for the same, with 
only temporary relief. In November, 1890, my wife had a severe bilious 
attack, after which she had stomach trouble, from which our family physician 
was unable to relieve her. I noticed ad of Rinans Tabules and bought a box. 
She said, the effect was magical. In fact, one box of thirty-six Tabules cured 
her, and she said she feels better than she has at any time for live years. I 
procured' a t-econd box and ;cave them a trial, and wa:-} both pleased and sur- 
prised to find I could eat the most hearty food without inconvenience, which 
I had not been able to do for thirty years. 

A new Style packet contain! ■•;■ y-:s anMffs tastobs in a paper carton (wltV'nt triors) Is now forw.Ie at eom» 
drus? stores— S"OE five CT.s-ca. fbia low pi iced 9 >rt 1 5 intended for the poor and the economic a. One doz« n 
of tn» C ?e-ce^t cartoca O20 tabules) can be had by mail by Bonding- f orty^.ic-ht cent* to the IHpa!»3 ChkvicaXi 
COXPJLtrr, No. 10 Spruce Street, New York— or a sintfle carton (tk.v tabules) v. n\ be hent for fire cents. Rii-ans 
Tabules may alsc"be had of grocers, general storekeepers, news agents and at liquor stores and barber shops. 




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The Nlw Hampshire Mkmokial Hospital fop. Women and Children. 

66 South St., Concord, N. H. 

Julia. Waliace-IU'sseli-, M. D., Physician in Charge. 
Miss Esther Dart, Superintendent. 

This quiet, homelike sanitarium for invalids is under the auspices of The Woman's Hos- 
pital Aid Association. President, Mi s Mary A. Downing, Concord, N. II. Vice-Presidents: 
Mrs. Louisa F. Richards. Newport, N. H ; Dr. Ellen A. Wallace, Manchester, N. H. Recording 
Secretary, Mrs. Caroline R. Thyng, Laconia, N. H. Corresponding Secretary, Dr. Julia Wallace* 
Rasseli, Concord, N. H. Treasurer. Miss Emma M. Flanders, Concord, N. H. Auditors: Mrs. 
Mary W. Truesdell, Mr. John F. Jones. 













CONCORD, NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



Designers, and Engravers in Half-Tone 
and Photo-Line. 



Half- 1 on c En <lra vin gs 



(ETCHED OX COPi'EB) 



Made direct and in. proportionate sizes from Photographs, Wash 
Drawings, etc. 



Facsimile Engra rings 

(ETCHED OS ZISC) 

Mode direct and in proportionate sizes from impressions of Wood- 
cuts, Lithographic and Steel Prints and Pen and Ink Drawings, etc. 



| Pictures 



Increase the attractiveness and value of Catalogues, Booklets, 
Circulors, etc. 

"We will submit sketches and quote estimates when requested. 
Quality of work and promptness of delivery always guaranteed. 

Rumford Printing Company, 

Concord, N. H. 






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